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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935529/combat-with-esophagojejunal-anastomotic-leakage-after-total-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer-a-critical-review-of-the-literature
#1
REVIEW
Wenbin Gong, Junsheng Li
Esophagojejunal anastomotic leakage (EJAL) is considered to be one of the most serious complications after total gastrectomy (TG), despite improvements in surgical instruments and technique. The occurrence of EJAL would cause poorer quality of life, prolonged hospital stay, and increased surgery-related costs and mortality. Although there is ever-increasing knowledge about EJAL, the optimal management is controversial. In the present review, we aim to demonstrate the effective management by focus on the possible risk factors, potentially useful preventive strategies, and several kinds of treatments in esophagojejunal anastomotic leakage after total gastrectomy for gastric cancer...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934741/successful-management-of-a-positive-air-leak-test-during-laparoscopic-colorectal-surgery
#2
Kazuhito Sasaki, Soichiro Ishihara, Hiroaki Nozawa, Kazushige Kawai, Keisuke Hata, Tomomichi Kiyomatsu, Toshiaki Tanaka, Takeshi Nishikawa, Kensuke Otani, Koji Yasuda, Koji Murono, Toshiaki Watanabe
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Anastomotic leakage remains the most serious complications of colorectal surgery. To prevent colorectal anastomotic leakage (CAL), an air leak test (ALT) with intraoperative colonoscopy (IOCS) is performed to detect mechanically insufficient colorectal anastomoses. The approaches to an intraoperative anastomotic air leak (IOAL) have not been fully investigated. This study aimed to clarify the safe management of an IOAL in laparoscopic colorectal surgery. METHODS: One hundred forty-eight consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopic resection with double-stapling technique (DST) anastomosis for left-sided colorectal cancer between April 2015 and June 2016 were included and retrospectively reviewed...
September 22, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932732/sustained-released-mixture-of-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-165-and-fibrin-glue-strengthens-healing-of-ileal-anastomoses-in-a-rabbit-model-with-intraperitoneal-infection
#3
Zhanwu Li, Wenjun Wang, Xiaozhou Wang, Lei Jiang, Fengyi Wang, Qiang Liu
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of a sustained-released mixture of vascular endothelial growth factor 165 (VEGF165) and fibrin glue (FG) local administration on postoperative rabbit ileal anastomoses. METHODS: One hundred twenty-eight male and female New Zealand white rabbits underwent intraperitoneal infection subsequent ileal anastomosis surgery were divided randomly into 4 groups, including 32 animals in each, applied with saline solution, FG, rhVEGF165 and a mixture of rhVEGF165 with FG (VEGF + FG) on the anastomoses, respectively...
September 2017: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932561/the-predictive-value-of-plasma-cytokines-on-gastroesophageal-anastomotic-leakage-at-an-early-stage-in-patients-undergoing-esophagectomy
#4
Jie-Qiong Song, Yi-Zhou He, Yuan Fang, Wei Wu, Ming Zhong
BACKGROUND: It's difficult to diagnose gastroesophageal anastomotic leakage (GAL) at early postoperative stage. This study was conducted to evaluate the early predictive value of plasma cytokines levels on GAL in patients undergoing esophagectomy. METHODS: Consecutive esophageal cancer patients who underwent esophagectomy and admitted to Surgical Intensive Care Unit (SICU) just after surgery were retrospectively analyzed. The baseline and postoperative 1 day plasma cytokine levels were collected and analyzed to evaluate the predictive value for clinically important anastomotic leakage...
August 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929306/colorectal-anastomotic-leak-delay-in-reintervention-after-false-negative-computed-tomography-scan-is-a-reason-for-concern
#5
C C M Marres, A W H van de Ven, L G J Leijssen, P C M Verbeek, W A Bemelman, C J Buskens
BACKGROUND: Early detection of anastomotic leakage (AL) after colorectal surgery followed by timely reintervention is of crucial importance. The aim of this study was to investigate the accuracy of computed tomography (CT) imaging for AL and the effects of delay in reintervention after a false-negative CT. METHODS: All files from patients who had colorectal surgery with primary anastomoses between 2009 and 2014 were reviewed. The predictive value of CT scanning for AL was determined and correlated with short-term postoperative patient outcomes...
September 19, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923055/clinical-outcome-of-laparoscopic-complete-mesocolic-excision-in-the-treatment-of-right-colon-cancer
#6
Yong Wang, Chuan Zhang, Dongsheng Zhang, Zan Fu, Yueming Sun
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the clinical outcome of complete mesocolic excision (CME) with a caudal-to-cranial medial approach in the treatment of right colon cancer. METHODS: The clinical data of 172 patients who underwent laparoscopic CME for right colon cancer and were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January 2010 to April 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. The 3-year disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) in relation to gender, age, history of abdominal surgery, tumor size, complications, and tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) classification were analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier survival curves...
September 18, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919097/j-pouch-vs-side-to-end-anastomosis-after-hand-assisted-laparoscopic-low-anterior-resection-for-rectal-cancer-a-prospective-randomized-trial-on-short-and-long-term-outcomes-including-life-quality-and-functional-results
#7
Nuri Okkabaz, Mustafa Haksal, Ali Emre Atici, Yunus Emre Altuntas, Ersin Gundogan, Fazli Cem Gezen, Mustafa Oncel
PURPOSE: To analyze the outcomes of j-pouch and side-to-end anastomosis in rectal cancer patients treated with laparoscopic hand-assisted low anterior resection. METHODS: Prospective trial on cases randomized to have a colonic j-pouch or a side-to-end anastomosis after low anterior resection. Demographics, characteristics of disease and treatment, perioperative results, and functional outcomes and life quality were compared between the groups. RESULTS: Seventy four patients were randomized...
September 14, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916846/assessment-of-the-blood-supply-using-the-indocyanine-green-fluorescence-method-and-postoperative-endoscopic-evaluation-of-anastomosis-of-the-gastric-tube-during-esophagectomy
#8
Hiroyuki Kitagawa, Tsutomu Namikawa, Jun Iwabu, Kazune Fujisawa, Sunao Uemura, Sachi Tsuda, Kazuhiro Hanazaki
BACKGROUND: Postoperative anastomotic leakage is a severe complication after gastric tube reconstruction during esophagectomy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of postoperative endoscopic assessment of anastomosis and its correlation with intraoperative indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence assessment of the gastric tube. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 72 consecutive patients who underwent gastric tube reconstruction using the ICG fluorescence method during esophagectomy...
September 15, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901001/-early-versus-traditional-postoperative-oral-feeding-in-patients-undergoing-elective-colorectal-surgery-a-meta-analysis-of-safety-and-efficacy
#9
Kun Zhang, Sirong Cheng, Qi Zhu, Zhenguo Han
OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcomes of early oral feeding (EOF) and the traditional oral feeding (TOF) in postoperative patients with colorectal cancer using Meta-analysis. METHODS: The databases of PubMed, SCI, Ovid, The Cochrane Library, CNKI, CBM, VIP and Wanfang Data were searched to collect randomized controlled trial (RCT) about EOF versus TOF in patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery. The retrieval time span was from inception to June 1, 2016. The studies were screened according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria...
September 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901000/-diagnostic-value-of-dynamic-monitoring-of-c-reactive-protein-in-drain-drainage-to-predict-early-anastomotic-leakage-after-colorectal-cancer-surgery
#10
Jia Lu, Lei Zheng, Runtian Li, Chunmin Hao, Wenbin Gao, Ziwei Feng, Guangya Yin, Yue Wang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic value of dynamic monitoring of C-reactive protein (CRP) in drainage fluid in predicting early anastomotic leakage after colorectal surgery. METHODS: This study enrolled 172 patients, who were diagnosed as colorectal cancer before operation and underwent radical surgery, without residual tumor tissues by postoperative pathology and perioperative infection, at the Tianjin Medical University Cancer Hospital between July 2015 and January 2016...
September 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884201/pouch-functional-outcomes-after-restorative-proctocolectomy-with-ileal-pouch-reconstruction-in-patients-with-ulcerative-colitis-japanese-multi-center-nationwide-cohort-study
#11
Motoi Uchino, Hiroki Ikeuchi, Akira Sugita, Kitaro Futami, Toshiaki Watanabe, Kouhei Fukushima, Kenji Tatsumi, Kazutaka Koganei, Hideaki Kimura, Keisuke Hata, Kenichi Takahashi, Kazuhiro Watanabe, Tsunekazu Mizushima, Yuji Funayama, Daijiro Higashi, Toshimitsu Araki, Masato Kusunoki, Takeshi Ueda, Fumikazu Koyama, Michio Itabashi, Riichiro Nezu, Yasuo Suzuki
BACKGROUND: Although several complications capable of causing pouch failure may develop after restorative proctocolectomy (RPC) for ulcerative colitis (UC), the incidences and causes are conflicting and vary according to country, race and institution. To avoid pouch failure, this study aimed to evaluate the rate of pouch failure and its risk factors in UC patients over the past decade via a nationwide cohort study. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, observational, multicenter study that included 13 institutions in Japan...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882975/gastric-tube-reconstruction-with-superdrainage-using-indocyanine-green-fluorescence-during-esophagectomy
#12
Hiroyuki Kitagawa, Tsutomu Namikawa, Jun Iwabu, Kazuhiro Hanazaki
We report a case of gastric tube reconstruction with superdrainage using indocyanine green fluorescence during esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. A 53-year-old man with a history of early esophageal cancer treated with endoscopic mucosal dissection experienced esophageal cancer recurrence. There was no evidence of lymph node involvement or distant metastasis on computed tomography; therefore, we performed thoracoscopic esophagectomy. After thoracoscopic esophagectomy, we created a gastric tube. When pulling up the gastric tube through the post-mediastinum route, a root of the right gastroepiploic vein was injured...
September 2017: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881894/outcomes-following-the-main-treatment-options-in-patients-with-a-leaking-esophagus-a-systematic-literature-review
#13
S Persson, I Rouvelas, T Irino, L Lundell
Leakage from the esophagus and gastroesophageal junction can be lethal due to uncontrolled contamination of the mediastinum. The most predominant risk factors for the subsequent clinical outcome are the patients' delay as well as the delay of diagnosis. Two major therapeutic concepts have been advocated: either prompt closure of the leakage by insertion of a self-expandable metal stent (SEMS) or more traditionally, surgical exploration. The objective of this review is to carefully scrutinize the recent literature and assess the outcomes of these two therapeutic alternatives in the management of iatrogenic perforation-spontaneous esophageal rupture as separated from those with anastomotic leak...
December 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881697/feasibility-of-laparoscopic-gastrectomy-for-elderly-gastric-cancer-patients-meta-analysis-of-non-randomized-controlled-studies
#14
REVIEW
Liang Zong, Aiwen Wu, Wenyue Wang, Jingyu Deng, Susumu Aikou, Hiroharu Yamashita, Masahiro Maeda, Masanobu Abe, Duonan Yu, Zhiwei Jiang, Yasuyuki Seto, Jiafu Ji
The aim of this meta-analysis was to determine the feasibility of laparoscopic gastrectomy (LG) for elderly gastric cancer patients by comparing laparoscopic and conventional open gastrectomies (OG). Comprehensive search of the PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases revealed nine non-randomized controlled studies that compared LG and OG in elderly gastric cancer patients We then analyzed dichotomous or continuous parameters using odds ratios (ORs) or weighted mean differences (WMDs). Overall survival was estimated using hazard ratios (HRs) with a fixed effects or random effects model...
August 1, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880048/histopathological-changes-associated-to-an-absorbable-fibrin-patch-tachosil%C3%A2-covering-in-an-experimental-model-of-high-risk-colonic-anastomoses
#15
C García-Vásquez, S Gómez García de Las Heras, C Pastor Idoate, D De Pablo, M J Fernández-Aceñero
BACKGROUND: TachoSil® is a fibrin sponge that contains fibrinogen and thrombin and is a useful adjuvant to enhance control of air leaks in thoracic surgery and to control bleeding in vascular and general surgery. Its use in intestinal surgery to prevent suture dehiscence is currently under investigation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We report the results of a prospective randomized experimental study on 33 large white pigs in which a high-risk suture was created by induction of ischemia...
September 7, 2017: Histology and Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879419/experience-and-dissection-device-are-more-relevant-than-patient-related-factors-for-operation-time-in-laparoscopic-sigmoid-resection-a-retrospective-8-year-observational-study
#16
Dirk Weyhe, Verena Nicole Uslar, Navid Tabriz, Ina Burkowski, Ralf Heinzel, Andreas Müller, Annette Belling, Ferdinand Köckerling
PURPOSE: Surgical outcome is influenced by multiple patient-specific factors and operative expertise of the surgeon. Clinical relevance of medical technical innovations often remains unclear even though laparoscopic surgical procedures are characterized by continual advancement of various devices. Lately, in dissection and sealing technology, fast-cutting ultrasonic scissors are combined with simultaneous bipolar coagulation (bimodal dissection device (BDD)). We investigated how this new technology, operative expertise, and patient-specific factors (body mass index, age) influence operation time in laparoscopic-assisted sigmoid resection...
September 6, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878598/bladder-neck-contracture-following-radical-retropubic-versus-robotic-assisted-laparoscopic-prostatectomy
#17
Benjamin L Spector, Nathan A Brooks, Michael E Strigenz, James A Brown
INTRODUCTION: Radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP) and robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) are co-standard surgical therapies for localized prostatic adenocarcinoma. These surgical modalities offer similar outcomes; however, lower rate of bladder neck contracture (BNC) is amongst the touted benefits of RALP. The differences between approaches are largely elucidated through multiple-surgeon comparisons, which can be biased by differential experience and practice patterns...
August 2017: Current Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877001/total-laparoscopic-approach-for-transhiatal-esophagectomy-and-gavriliu-s-esophagoplasty-in-children-with-caustic-esophageal-injuries
#18
Louise Montalva, Jérôme Viala, Daphné Michelet, Fernanda Frade, Hubert Lardy, Christine Vitoux, Arnaud Bonnard
BACKGROUND: Esophageal repair after caustic injury is a surgical challenge in children. The aim of this study was to report the first results of a total laparoscopic approach in transhiatal esophagectomy and esophageal replacement by an anisoperistaltic gastric tube. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of data from children operated on with a laparoscopic approach for transhiatal esophagectomy and Gavriliu's esophagoplasty between 2011 and 2015 was performed...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870932/clinical-significance-of-salvage-esophagectomy-for-patients-with-esophageal-cancer-and-factors-of-influencing-long-term-survival
#19
Makoto Sohda, Yuji Kumakura, Hideyuki Saito, Kengo Kuriyama, Tomonori Yoshida, Hiroaki Honjyo, Keigo Hara, Daigo Ozawa, Shigemasa Suzuki, Naritaka Tanaka, Makoto Sakai, Tatsuya Miyazaki, Minoru Fukuchi, Hiroyuki Kuwano
BACKGROUND/AIM: Definitive chemoradiotherapy (CRT) without planned surgery has been recently widely used as a therapeutic option for locally advanced esophageal cancer. Salvage esophagectomy can offer the chance of prolonged survival for patients who have locoregional failure after definitive CRT, but many clinicians oppose the use of surgery due to the associated excessive morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to identify patients who are good candidates for salvage surgery by investigating factors influencing long-term survival...
September 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861269/defunctioning-stoma-a-prognosticator-for-leaks-in-low-rectal-restorative-cancer-resection-a-retrospective-analysis-of-stoma-database
#20
Haytham Abudeeb, Ahmed Hammad, Ajogwu Ugwu, Jamshid Darabnia, Lee Malcomson, Min Maung, Khurram Khan, Clare Mclaughlin, Arijit Mukherjee
AIMS: Low anterior resection (LAR) has higher risk of anastomotic leak with its attendant morbidity -mortality. De-functioning loop ileostomy (DLI), claimed to mitigate the consequences of anastomotic leak, has been questioned in recent years. This study aims to evaluate the impact of ileostomy on LAR. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of stoma database. 136 patients with stoma (March 2011-July 2015) were assessed. Data was analysed in respect to LAR anastomotic leak rate, impact on morbidity-mortality, short and long-term stoma complications, rate of ileostomy reversal and reasons for non-reversal...
September 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
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