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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781683/tuberculosis-non-communicable-disease-comorbidity-and-multimorbidity-in-public-primary-care-patients-in-south-africa
#1
Karl Peltzer
BACKGROUND:  Little is known about the prevalence of non-communicable disease (NCD) multimorbidity among tuberculosis (TB) patients in Africa.Aim and setting: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of NCD multimorbidity, its pattern and impact on adverse health outcomes among patients with TB in public primary care in three selected districts of South Africa. METHODS:  In a cross-sectional survey, new TB and TB retreatment patients were interviewed, and medical records assessed in consecutive sampling within 1 month of anti-TB treatment...
April 11, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779698/patients-with-concurrent-tuberculosis-and-diabetes-have-a-pro-atherogenic-plasma-lipid-profile
#2
Frank Vrieling, Katharina Ronacher, Léanie Kleynhans, Erik van den Akker, Gerhard Walzl, Tom H M Ottenhoff, Simone A Joosten
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) is a major risk factor for development of tuberculosis (TB), however the underlying molecular foundations are unclear. Since lipids play a central role in the development of both DM and TB, lipid metabolism may be important for TB-DM pathophysiology. METHODS: A 1 H NMR spectroscopy-based platform was used to determine 225 lipid and other metabolic intermediates in plasma samples of healthy controls (n = 50) and patients with TB (n = 50), DM (n = 50) or TB-DM (n = 27)...
May 17, 2018: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764958/diabetes-mellitus-and-latent-tuberculosis-infection-baseline-analysis-of-a-large-uk-cohort
#3
Charlotte Jackson, Jo Southern, Ajit Lalvani, Francis Drobniewski, Chris J Griffiths, Marc Lipman, Graham H Bothamley, Jonathan J Deeks, Ambreen Imran, Onn Min Kon, Sithembinkosi Mpofu, Vladyslav Nikolayevskyy, Melanie Rees-Roberts, Alice Sitch, Saranya Sridhar, Chuen-Yan Tsou, Hilary Whitworth, Ibrahim Abubakar
We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from a UK cohort study which enrolled participants at risk of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI, defined as a positive result for either of the two interferon gamma release assays). Binomial regression with a log link was used to estimate crude and adjusted prevalence ratios (PRs) and 95% CIs for the relationship between diabetes mellitus (DM) and LTBI. Adjusted for age, sex, ethnicity, body mass index and the presence of other immunocompromising conditions, DM was associated with a 15% higher prevalence of LTBI (adjusted PR=1...
May 15, 2018: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764477/meta-analysis-of-the-prevalence-of-tuberculosis-in-diabetic-patients-and-its-association-with-cigarette-smoking-in-african-and-asian-countries
#4
Fasil Wagnew, Setegn Eshetie, Animut Alebel, Getenet Dessie, Cheru Tesema, Amanuel Alemu Abajobir
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review and meta-analysis was undertaken to estimate the prevalence of tuberculosis in diabetic patients and to determine the effect of cigarette smoking. RESULTS: A total of 15 studies was included in the meta-analysis. The pooled overall prevalence of tuberculosis in diabetes was 4.72% (95% CI 3.62-5.83%). In sub-group analyses, the prevalence was 5.13% (95% CI 4.34-5.92%) in Africa, followed by 4.16% (95% CI 2.9-5.4%) in Asia. The odd ratio of tuberculosis among diabetes patients was 7...
May 15, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755788/factors-associated-with-participation-in-pulmonary-tuberculosis-screening-using-chest-x-ray-among-diabetes-mellitus-type-ii-patients-in-denpasar-bali-indonesia
#5
I Gusti Ngurah Edi Putra, Putu Ayu Swandewi Astuti, I Ketut Suarjana, Ketut Hari Mulyawan, I Made Kerta Duana, Ni Made Dian Kurniasari, I Wayan Gede Artawan Eka Putra
Diabetes mellitus (DM) increases the risk of developing pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) disease. Therefore, pulmonary TB screening among DM patients is essential. This study aimed to identify factors associated with participation of DM type II patients in pulmonary TB screening using chest X-ray. This was a cross-sectional analytic study and was part of TB-DM screening study in Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. The sample consisted of 365 DM type II patients selected by quota sampling among DM type II patients joining the screening program from January until March 2016 in 11 public health centres in Denpasar...
2018: Tuberculosis Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740001/predictors-of-in-hospital-mortality-among-patients-with-pulmonary-tuberculosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Carlos Podalirio Borges de Almeida, Patrícia Klarmann Ziegelmann, Rachel Couban, Li Wang, Jason Walter Busse, Denise Rossato Silva
BACKGROUND: There is uncertainty regarding which factors are associated with in-hospital mortality among patients with pulmonary TB (PTB). The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to identify predictors of in-hospital mortality among patients with PTB. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Global Health, for cohort and case-control studies that reported risk factors for in-hospital mortality in PTB. We pooled all factors that were assessed for an association, and presented relative associations as pooled odds ratios (ORs)...
May 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734958/empiric-anti-tuberculosis-treatment-is-not-always-a-right-way-in-patients-who-had-have-poorly-controlled-diabetes-mellitus-and-presented-with-pulmonary-cavities-over-upper-lungs-in-tuberculosis-endemic-countries
#7
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719807/comparison-of-acid-fast-bacilli-afb-smear-for-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-on-adult-pulmonary-tuberculosis-tb-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-dm-and-without-type-2-dm
#8
Muhammad Fachri, Mochammad Hatta, Sahlan Abadi, Slamet Sudi Santoso, Tri Ariguntar Wikanningtyas, Amir Syarifuddin, Ressy Dwiyanti, Rizki Amelia Noviyanthi
Background: According to the Global Tuberculosis Report 2015, Indonesia ranked as second country in the world with the highest number of pulmonary tuberculosis cases. By 2015, the number of pulmonary TB new cases in Indonesia has increased to 330.910 cases of 2014 where 324.539 cases. DM is one of the most important factors that influence the occurrence worsening TB. Now is known that DM patients have body's immune response disorder thereby facilitating M. tuberculosis infection and causing TB...
2018: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719654/successful-management-of-proliferative-diabetic-retinopathy-and-multiple-choroidal-tubercles-in-a-patient-with-miliary-tuberculosis
#9
Rohan Chawla, Pradeep Venkatesh, Koushik Tripathy, Sunil Chaudhary, S K Sharma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707388/risk-factors-and-co-morbidities-associated-with-changes-in-renal-function-among-antiretroviral-treatment-na%C3%A3-ve-adults-in-south-africa-a-chart-review
#10
Shirelle Assaram, Tivani P Mashamba-Thompson, Nombulelo P Magula
Introduction: Our systematic scoping review has demonstrated a research gap in antiretroviral treatment (ART) nephrotoxicity as well as in the long-term outcomes of renal function for patients on ART in South Africa. Bearing in mind the high prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in South Africa, this is of great concern. Objectives: To determine the risk factors and co-morbidities associated with changes in renal function in HIV-infected adults in South Africa...
2018: Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705393/diagnostic-scoring-system-for-tuberculous-meningitis-among-adult-patients-with-non-suppurative-and-non-bacterial-meningitis
#11
Sarunyou Chusri, Thanaporn Hortiwakul, Natthaka Sathaporn, Boonsri Charernmak, Manthana Phengmak, Walailuk Jitpiboon, Alan Frederick Geater
Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) is the most severe form of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis. The definite diagnosis of this disease is difficult and can result in delayed treatment. Conventional culture yields low sensitivity while high-sensitivity diagnostic techniques are costly and unpractical. Adenosine deaminase (ADA) is used to diagnose several settings of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis but it is limited in TBM especially among HIV-infected patients. We retrospectively reviewed the data of patients with non-suppurative meningitis and compared the patient data with TBM and other causes including carcinomatous, lymphomatous, lymphocytic and fungal meningitis...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701371/surgical-treatment-of-complications-55-years-after-extraperiosteal-lucite-ball-plombage-for-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#12
Telma Calado, Magda Alvoeiro, Daniel Cabral, Mariana Antunes, Francisco Félix
INTRODUCTION: In the 1930-50s, before the introduction of antimicrobial drugs and development of techniques of pulmonary resssection, collapse therapy was the mainstream of treatment for cavitary pulmonary tuberculosis. The methods to achieve the collapse included artificial pneumothorax with air refills, phrenic nerve crush, thoracoplasty and extrapleural plombage. The plombage involves creating a cavity surgically under the ribs in the upper chest wall and filling the space with inert material, such fat, paraffin wax, rubber ballons, oil and methyl-methacrylate (Lucite) balls...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692873/screening-for-diabetes-mellitus-among-tuberculosis-patients-findings-from-a-study-at-a-tertiary-hospital-in-lusaka-zambia
#13
Sombo Fwoloshi, Lottie M Hachaambwa, Kaseya O Chiyeñu, Lameck Chirwa, Thijs W Hoffman, Owen Ngalamika, Sarah Lou Bailey
Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is known to be associated with active tuberculosis (TB). Zambia is a low-income sub-Saharan African country with a high TB burden and increasing numbers of newly diagnosed DM patients. Materials and Methods: This was an observational study conducted at the University Teaching Hospital in Lusaka, Zambia, from October 2014 to February 2016. Adult patients with active TB were screened for DM. Results: A total of 127 individuals were enrolled in the study...
2018: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687155/takayasu-arteritis-in-childhood-misdiagnoses-at-disease-onset-and-associated-diseases
#14
Gleice Clemente, Clovis A Silva, Silvana B Sacchetti, Virginia P L Ferriani, Sheila K Oliveira, Flavio Sztajnbok, Blanca E R G Bica, André Cavalcanti, Teresa Robazzi, Marcia Bandeira, Maria Teresa Terreri
Juvenile-Takayasu arteritis (j-TA) is a difficult diagnosis and some patients develop uncommon manifestations and associated diseases that may contribute to the delayed diagnosis. Our aim was to identify the misdiagnoses, the associated diseases and the atypical manifestations observed in a j-TA Brazilian multicentre study. 71 children and adolescents who met the classification criteria for j-TA were included. The misdiagnoses, the associated diseases and the atypical manifestations were evaluated. 19 (26.8%) patients had misdiagnoses...
April 23, 2018: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686171/influence-of-diabetes-mellitus-on-the-development-of-multi-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-in-yogyakarta
#15
Antonia Morita Iswari Saktiawati, Yanri Wijayanti Subronto
BACKGROUND: the correlation between diabetes mellitus (DM) and Multi-Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis (MDR-TB) has never been studied among patients with tuberculosis (TB) in Indonesia, while DM has been identified to alter immune response and pharmacokinetics of TB medications that may lead to a failure of TB treatment and develop MDR-TB. Our study aimed to analyze the influence of diabetes mellitus on the development of MDR-TB. METHODS: a retrospective cohort study was carried out on 356 TB patients at the Provincial Lung Clinics and Sardjito Hospital, Yogyakarta, Indonesia between 2010 and 2014...
January 2018: Acta Medica Indonesiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686169/risk-factors-for-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis
#16
Cleopas Martin Rumende
In 2015, 10.4 million people developed tuberculosis (TB) and 580,000 amongst them suffered from multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB). From those 580,000 cases of MDR-TB, only 125,000 were detected and reported. A total of 111,000 people began to receive MDR-TB treatment in 2014 while 190,000 MDR-TB patients were estimated to have died, largely due to lack of access to effective treatment. The mechanism of drug resistance can be caused by genetic factors, factors related to previous treatment and other factors such as comorbidity with diabetes mellitus...
January 2018: Acta Medica Indonesiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679254/metformin-reduces-the-relapse-rate-of-tuberculosis-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-experiences-from-3-year-follow-up
#17
Y Ma, Y Pang, W Shu, Y-H Liu, Q-P Ge, J Du, L Li, W-W Gao
The role of metformin (MET) on treatment effect of diabetic tuberculosis (TB) patients has not been studied in China. Thus, we conducted a retrospective study to investigate whether MET exhibited more efficacy in combination with anti-TB regimens for diabetic TB patients. All patients recruited came from five tuberculosis control and prevention institutes from July 2009 to July 2016 and completed 3 years of follow-up. We used chi-square test or Fisher's exact test to evaluate the demographic characteristics and the frequency of clinical outcome between MET and non-MET group...
April 20, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668698/association-of-body-mass-index-with-incident-tuberculosis-in-korea
#18
Soo Jung Kim, Shinhee Ye, Eunhee Ha, Eun Mi Chun
INTRODUCTION: Overweight or obesity might be protective factors of tuberculosis (TB), but the evidence is inconclusive. The objective of study was to evaluate association between BMI and incident TB. METHODS: The National Health Insurance database was used. Eligible participants were individuals aged 20-89 years without history of TB before 2007, and who underwent national health examinations between January 2002 and December 2006. The latest record of BMI was used as the exposure and categorized as follows: <18...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659851/causes-of-death-at-the-university-of-ghana-hospital-in-accra-a-37-year-review-1979-2015
#19
Edward K Sutherland, Gloria A Ansa, Frank Baiden, Enoch N B Quaye, Afua A Amoabeng, Christian Amenuveve
Background: An analysis of the causes of death in developing countries is needed to improve healthcare delivery. The aim of this study was to conduct a descriptive analysis of the causes of death at the University of Ghana Hospital from 1979 to 2015. Methods: Data were extracted from the electronic database of the University of Ghana Hospital. Diseases were grouped into three broad groups of causes of death as per the Global Burden of Disease cause list, with some diseases of epidemiological importance outlined and analysed by age, gender and time in years...
April 5, 2018: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627814/a-systematic-review-of-interventions-by-healthcare-professionals-to-improve-management-of-non-communicable-diseases-and-communicable-diseases-requiring-long-term-care-in-adults-who-are-homeless
#20
Peter Hanlon, Lynsey Yeoman, Lauren Gibson, Regina Esiovwa, Andrea E Williamson, Frances S Mair, Richard Lowrie
OBJECTIVE: Identify, describe and appraise trials of interventions delivered by healthcare professionals to manage non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and communicable diseases that require long-term care or treatment (LT-CDs), excluding mental health and substance use disorders, in homeless adults. DESIGN: Systematic review of randomised controlled trials (RCTs), non-RCTs and controlled before-after studies. Interventions characterised using Effective Practice and Organisation of Care (EPOC) taxonomy...
April 7, 2018: BMJ Open
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