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Wook Jin Choi, Jeongseon Kim
The incidence and mortality of gastric cancer have been steadily decreased over the past few decades. However, gastric cancer is still one of the leading causes of cancer deaths across many regions of the world, particularly in Asian countries. In previous studies, nutrition has been considered one of significant risk factors in gastric cancer patients. Especially, malnourished patients are at greater risk of adverse clinical outcomes (e.g., longer hospital stay) and higher incidence of complications (e.g., wound/infectious complications) compared to well-nourished patients...
April 2016: Clinical Nutrition Research
Keisuke Kohama, Atsunori Nakao, Mariko Terashima, Michiko Aoyama-Ishikawa, Takayuki Shimizu, Daisuke Harada, Mitsuo Nakayama, Hayato Yamashita, Mayu Fujiwara, Joji Kotani
Fish oil rich in n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids has diverse immunomodulatory properties and attenuates acute lung injury when administered in enternal nutrition. However, enteral nutrition is not always feasible. Therefore, we investigated the ability of parenteral nutrition supplemented with fish oil to ameliorate acute lung injury. Rats were infused with parenteral nutrition solutions (without lipids, with soybean oil, or with soybean oil and fish oil) for three days. Lipopolysaccharide (15 mg/kg) was then administered intratracheally to induce acute lung injury, characterized by impaired lung function, polymorphonuclear leukocyte recruitment, parenchymal tissue damage, and upregulation of mRNAs for inflammatory mediators...
March 2014: Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
Xiaoming Kao, Wenkui Yu, Weiming Zhu, Ning Li, Jieshou Li
Enternal nutritional support, a frequently applied technique for providing nutrition and energy, played a pivotal role in the treatment of high risk patients. However, severe complications induced by malposition of nasogastric tube caused great danger and even death to the patients. In this case report, we present a patient with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) induced by bronchopleural fistula (BPF) due to malposition of nasogastric tube. Repeated lung lavage combined with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) was performed after transferring to the ICU of our hospital...
2012: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Xiao-jun Zhang, David L Chinkes, Zhanpin Wu, David N Herndon
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Arginine infusion has been demonstrated to increase wound protein deposition; however, the effects of its enteral supplementation on wound cell proliferation have not been studied. METHODS: Skin donor wound was created on the back of rabbits. The rabbits were randomly assigned to receive a control enteral diet, or the control enteral diet with supplemental arginine. On day 5 L-[ring-(13)C(6)]phenylalanine and D-[U-(13)C(6)]glucose were infused to measure the fractional synthetic rates of DNA (reflecting cell proliferation) and protein in the wound...
June 2011: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Allan J Walkey, Todd W Rice, Jason Konter, Noriyuki Ouchi, Rei Shibata, Kenneth Walsh, Bennett P deBoisblanc, Ross Summer
OBJECTIVE: : Adiponectin, an anti-inflammatory cytokine produced by adipose tissue, has been shown to modulate survival in animal models of critical illness. We examined the association between plasma adiponectin and clinical outcomes in critically ill patients with acute respiratory failure. DESIGN: : Secondary analysis of a single-center, randomized controlled trial. SETTING: : Medical intensive care unit of a university-based, tertiary medical center...
December 2010: Critical Care Medicine
Iu N Liashchenko
The article provides a history of research in the field of enteral nutrition, history of the mixtures for tube alimentation. Also presented classification of the present mixtures for enteral introduction, as well as a characteristic of each of them.
2009: Experimental & Clinical Gastroenterology
Zsolt Szentkereszty, Attila Vágvölgyi, László Sasi-Szabó, János Plósz, Sándor Sz Kiss, Péter Sápy
OBJECTIVE: Intubation of the tracheobronchial tree is the most common type of malposition during the placement of narrow-bore enternal tubes. CASE REPORT: In addition to other treatment components in a 65-year-old female, nasojejunal feeding was started to treat her for severe acute pancreatitis. After the placement of the narrow-bore feeding tube, she developed dyspnea and huskiness. On auscultation and X-ray investigation, the right pneumothorax was detected and the tube was found in the chest cavity...
October 2008: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Simon Keady, Meera Thacker
The National Patient Safety Agency (NPSA) reviews patient safety incidents throughout the National Health Service (NHS) in the United Kingdom and aims to initiate preventative measures. Recent alerts include injectable medication, oral syringes for enternal administration, preventing hyponatraemia in children and anticoagulation. This article gives an insight into the rationale and steps currently being undertaken to respond to these recommendations.
April 2008: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
Stanisław Wojtuń, Jerzy Gil, Antoni Błaszak
Proper nourishment is one of the basic elements in treatment patients suffering from acute pancreatitis and that's why it should be introduced in early phase of the disease. Patients suffering from light pancreatitis don't need dietary treatment because regular nourishment being.introduced a few days after the disease has developed itself. The proper supply of nourishing elements is crucial to patients with acute or chronic pancreatities. In this group of patient intravenous feeding or enteral nutrition methods are being used...
May 2007: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
E N Bufetov, O O Polygalova, A A Ponomareva
A study was made of respiration, heat production, K+ output and ultrastructure of wheat root cells treated for 6 h with rotenone (10 microM), an inhibitor of HADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase (Complex I). Besides, the involvement of alternative pathways for adaptation to this inhibitor was studied. After 20 min of treatment, a brightened mitochondrial matrix and mitochondria with torus shapes were observed. We propose that the outer area of mitochondria increases due to their torus shapes, and this can point to the activating of extremal NAD(P)H-dehydrogenase, which uses enternal NAD(P)H...
2004: Tsitologiia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1955: Acta Physiologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1955: Népegészségügy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1956: Zeitschrift Für die Gesamte Experimentelle Medizin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1955: Langenbecks Archiv Für Klinische Chirurgie ... Vereinigt mit Deutsche Zeitschrift Für Chirurgie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1955: Frankfurter Zeitschrift Für Pathologie
I Vasile, D Mogos, I Păun, D Vâlcea, S Marinescu, T Dragomir, M Florescu
THE AIM: Of the present work is to promote duodenostomy as the postoperative enteral nutrition way, when surgery ends in an anastomosis in which one of the partners is the esophagus (esophagectomies, esogastrectomies and total gastrectomies). MATERIAL AND METHOD: Consisted of 45 cases 815 total gastrectomy, 14 esogastrectomy, 6 esophageal resections and 10-esophageal plasty) in which we used: nasofaringoesogastric or nasofaringoesojejunal probes (14 cases); Witzel jejunostomy (11 cases); gastrostomy (10 cases); duodenostomy (10 cases)...
January 2001: Chirurgia
M von Lüdinghausen
New cardiological techniques such as coronary sinus catheterization and selective catheterization of the cardiac veins permit the opening of new experimental and clinical fields, for instance in venous angiography and the reverse nourishment of myocardium which is endangered by ischemia,and also in the electrophysiological study of the components of the conduction system. New approaches in heart surgery, such as the removal of accessory pathways of the conduction system (as in WPW syndrome), necessitate the realization of the topographical relationships of the vessels in the various sections of the coronary sulci in a different way...
2003: Advances in Anatomy, Embryology, and Cell Biology
J S Scolapio, A Ukleja, E P Bouras, M Romano
Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIP) is a gastrointestinal motility disturbance characterized by recurrent episodes of postprandial nausea and bloating in the absence of mechanical obstruction of the small bowel or colon. Weight loss and severe malnutrition are often seen in advanced stages of the disorder. This article discusses the nutritional management of patients with CIP, focusing on general dietary as well as enternal and parenternal nutritional support. Enteral access methods and various enteral formulas used in CIP are also discussed...
June 1999: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
P J Gilbar
Enternal feeding is indicated in patients unable to ingest sufficient nutrients but whose gastrointestinal function is adequate for digestion and absorption. Indications in palliative care include patients with radical esophageal surgery, upper gastrointestinal tract obstruction, anorexia, and dysphagia. As the oral route is the preferred method of palliative drug delivery, the enternal feeding tube can become an important tool for drug administration. A number of questions must be asked before a drug is considered for enteral administration...
March 1999: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
S Mazzaferro, I Perruzza, S Costantini, M Pasquali, L Onorato, D Sardella, R Giordano, L Ciaralli, P Ballanti, E Bonucci, G A Cinotti, G Coen
BACKGROUND: A recent retrospective study has clearly demonstrated a reduction of cases with positive bone aluminium (Al) staining in the Italian dialysis population, which in general has had a low prevalence of bone Al toxicity. In the present study we tried to better address the relative role played, in our study population, by enteral and parenteral exposure to Al in reducing bone accumulation. METHODS: We retrospectively examined the data of 105 DFO tests and bone Al determinations performed in dialysis patients from 1984 to 1995...
December 1997: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
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