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gender dysphoria

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523232/male-to-female-gender-dysphoria-gender-specific-differences-in-resting-state-networks
#1
Benjamin Clemens, Jessica Junger, Katharina Pauly, Josef Neulen, Christiane Neuschaefer-Rube, Dirk Frölich, Gianluca Mingoia, Birgit Derntl, Ute Habel
INTRODUCTION: Recent research found gender-related differences in resting-state functional connectivity (rs-FC) measured by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). To the best of our knowledge, there are no studies examining the differences in rs-FC between men, women, and individuals who report a discrepancy between their anatomical sex and their gender identity, i.e. gender dysphoria (GD). METHODS: To address this important issue, we present the first fMRI study systematically investigating the differences in typical resting-state networks (RSNs) and hormonal treatment effects in 26 male-to-female GD individuals (MtFs) compared with 19 men and 20 women...
May 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508877/an-overview-of-female-to-male-gender-confirming-surgery
#2
REVIEW
Shane D Morrison, Mang L Chen, Curtis N Crane
Gender dysphoria is estimated to occur in approximately 25 million people worldwide, and can have severe psychosocial sequelae. Medical and surgical gender transition can substantially improve quality-of-life outcomes for individuals with gender dysphoria. Individuals seeking to undergo female-to-male (FtM) transition have various surgical options available for gender confirmation, including facial and chest masculinization, body contouring, and genital surgery. The World Professional Association for Transgender Health guidelines should be met before the patient undergoes surgery, to ensure that gender-confirming surgery is appropriate and indicated...
May 16, 2017: Nature Reviews. Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483073/gender-differences-in-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-of-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#3
Jeeye Lee, Kang Joon Lee, Hyun Kim
Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) in patients with Alzheimer's disease have a strong correlation with cognitive impairment and impairment in activities of daily living. Although recent studies have reported that gender may play a role in BPSD, this finding was not evident in several other studies. The present study classified patients with Alzheimer's disease into groups with mild and moderate dementia to examine the gender differences in BPSD in each group. We divided a total of 125 patients diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease according to the criteria of the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistic Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) into groups with mild and moderate dementia...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479132/patients-priorities-regarding-female-to-male-gender-affirmation-surgery-of-the-genitalia-a-pilot-study-of-47-patients-in-sweden
#4
Josephine Jacobsson, My Andréasson, Lars Kölby, Anna Elander, Gennaro Selvaggi
INTRODUCTION: No surgical technique is reported to be the best option for gender-affirmation surgery (GAS) of the genitalia in transmen. Although patients' preferences are central when choosing a surgical technique, no studies have evaluated this factor. AIM: To investigate transmen's priorities and preferences regarding GAS of the genitalia. METHODS: From November 2015 to March 2016, 54 transmen with the diagnosis of gender dysphoria who were referred to Sahlgrenska University Hospital for discussion of therapeutic steps (surgery and hormonal treatments) were asked to complete a questionnaire on different attributes achievable with GAS, such as sexual and urinary function and appearance...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471328/surgical-satisfaction-quality-of-life-and-their-association-after-gender-affirming-surgery-a-follow-up-study
#5
Tim C van de Grift, Els Elaut, Susanne C Cerwenka, Peggy T Cohen-Kettenis, Baudewijntje P C Kreukels
We assessed the outcomes of gender affirming surgery (GAS or sex reassignment surgery) four to six years after first clinical contact, and the associations between postoperative (dis)satisfaction and Quality of Life (QoL). Our multicenter, cross-sectional follow-up study involved persons diagnosed with Gender Identity Disorder (DSM-IV-TR) who applied for medical interventions from 2007 until 2009. Of 546 eligible persons, 201 (37%) responded, of whom 136 had undergone GAS (genital, chest, facial, vocal cord and/or thyroid cartilage surgery)...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405831/demographic-characteristics-components-of-sexuality-and-gender-and-minority-stress-and-their-associations-to-excessive-alcohol-cannabis-and-illicit-noncannabis-drug-use-among-a-large-sample-of-transgender-people-in-the-united-states
#6
Cesar A Gonzalez, Joseph D Gallego, Walter O Bockting
The current study examined demographics, sexual orientation, gender characteristics, and gender minority stress and their association to excessive alcohol, cannabis, and illicit (noncannabis) drug use among 1210 transgender adults living in the United States. The authors conducted a secondary analysis of data that included 680 transgender women (M age = 32.63, SD age = 12.29) and 530 transgender men (M age = 26.14, SD age = 7.42). A modified version of the Risk Behavioral Assessment quantified participants' alcohol, cannabis, and illicit drug use in the past 3 months...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403322/serum-concentrations-of-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-in-patients-diagnosed-with-gender-dysphoria-undergoing-sex-reassignment-surgery
#7
Maiko A Schneider, Tahiana Andreazza, Anna Martha V Fontanari, Angelo B Costa, Dhiordan C da Silva, Bianca W de Aguiar, Raffael Massuda, Mariana Pedrini, Clarissa S Gama, Karine Schwarz, Marcia Kauer-Sant'Anna, Maria Ines R Lobato
Introduction: Transsexualism (ICD-10) is a condition characterized by a strong and persistent dissociation with one's assigned gender. Sex reassignment surgery (SRS) and hormone therapy provide a means of allowing transsexual individuals to feel more congruent with their gender and have played a major role in treatment over the past 70 years. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) appears to play a key role in recovery from acute surgical trauma and environmentally mediated vulnerability to psychopathology...
January 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402749/mental-health-concerns-and-insurance-denials-among-transgender-adolescents
#8
Leena Nahata, Gwendolyn P Quinn, Nicole M Caltabellotta, Amy C Tishelman
PURPOSE: Transgender youth are at high risk for mental health morbidities. Based on treatment guidelines, puberty blockers and gender-affirming hormone therapy should be considered to alleviate distress due to discordance between an individual's assigned sex and gender identity. The goals of this study were to examine the: (1) prevalence of mental health diagnoses, self-injurious behaviors, and school victimization and (2) rates of insurance coverage for hormone therapy, among a cohort of transgender adolescents at a large pediatric gender program, to understand access to recommended therapy...
April 12, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401669/implementation-of-teaching-on-lgbt-health%C3%A2-care
#9
Anna K Taylor, Hannah Condry, David Cahill
BACKGROUND: Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) patients represent an important proportion of the population. Despite the health inequalities and barriers to health care noted within this group, there is little evidence of LGBT-focused education within medicine, dentistry or nursing. We introduced and evaluated the effect of a half-day teaching session focused on LGBT health care, delivered to year-2 students. CONTEXT: Initial informal discussion with year-2 and year-3 students suggested that the awareness of health inequalities other than sexual health was limited, and that students had little awareness of other issues such as gender dysphoria and heterosexism...
April 12, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382847/gender-identity-and-the-management-of-the-transgender-patient-a-guide-for-non-specialists
#10
REVIEW
Albert Joseph, Charlotte Cliffe, Miriam Hillyard, Azeem Majeed
In this review, we introduce the topic of transgender medicine, aimed at the non-specialist clinician working in the UK. Appropriate terminology is provided alongside practical advice on how to appropriately care for transgender people. We offer a brief theoretical discussion on transgenderism and consider how it relates to broader understandings of both gender and disease. In respect to epidemiology, while it is difficult to assess the exact size of the transgender population in the UK, population surveys suggest a prevalence of between 0...
April 2017: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376506/the-spectrum-of-ovotesticular-disorders-of-sex-development-in-south-africa-a-single-centre-experience
#11
Yasmeen Ganie, Colleen Aldous, Yusentha Balakrishna, Rinus Wiersma
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical characteristics, biochemistry, histopathology, and long-term outcomes in subjects with ovotesticular (OT) disorder of sex development (DSD). STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective subset analysis of 64 cases of histologically confirmed OT DSD. RESULTS: All subjects were South African; 97% (n = 62) were African and 92% (n = 59) were of Zulu ethnicity. The most common karyotype was 46,XX (88%; n = 56), followed by 46,XY (8%), 46,XY/45,X (3%), and 46,XX/46,XY (1%)...
April 3, 2017: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357782/psychological-characteristics-of-italian-gender-dysphoric-adolescents-a-case-control-study
#12
A D Fisher, J Ristori, G Castellini, C Sensi, E Cassioli, A Prunas, M Mosconi, R Vitelli, D Dèttore, V Ricca, M Maggi
PURPOSE: Gender dysphoria (GD) is associated with clinically significant distress and impairment in social, scholastic, and other important areas of functioning, especially when early onset is reported. The aim of the present study is to assess the psychopathological features associated with GD in adolescence, comparing a group of gender dysphoric adolescents (GDs) with a group of non-referred adolescents (NRs), in terms of body uneasiness, suicide risk, psychological functioning, and intensity of GD...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341946/surgical-masculinization-of-the-breast-clinical-classification-and-surgical-procedures
#13
Lazaro Cardenas-Camarena, Carlos Dorado, Maria Teresa Guerrero, Rosa Nava
INTRODUCTION: Aesthetic breast area improvements for gynecomastia and gender dysphoria patients who seek a more masculine appearance have increased recently. We present our clinical experience in breast masculinization and a classification for these patients. METHODS AND MATERIALS: From July 2003 to May 2014, 68 patients seeking a more masculine thorax underwent surgery. They were divided into five groups depending on three factors: excess fatty tissue, breast tissue, and skin...
March 24, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334217/testosterone-effects-on-the-brain-in-transgender-men
#14
Sarah M Burke, Amir H Manzouri, Cecilia Dhejne, Karin Bergström, Stefan Arver, Jamie D Feusner, Ivanka Savic-Berglund
Transgender individuals experience incongruence between their gender identity and birth-assigned sex. The resulting gender dysphoria (GD), which some gender-incongruent individuals experience, is theorized to be a consequence of atypical cerebral sexual differentiation, but support for this assertion is inconsistent. We recently found that GD is associated with disconnected networks involved in self-referential thinking and own body perception. Here, we investigate how these networks in trans men (assigned female at birth with male gender identity) are affected by testosterone...
March 10, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332936/ethical-concerns-about-emerging-treatment-paradigms-for-gender-dysphoria
#15
Stephen B Levine
The increasing incidence of requests for medical services to support gender transition for children, adolescents, and adults has consequences for society, governmental institutions, schools, families, health-care professionals, and, of course, patients. The sociological momentum to recognize and accommodate to trans phenomena has posed ethical dilemmas for endocrinologists, mental health professionals, and sexual specialists as they experience within themselves the clash between respect for patient autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, and informed consent...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319558/effects-of-medical-interventions-on-gender-dysphoria-and-body-image-a-follow-up-study
#16
Tim C van de Grift, Els Elaut, Susanne C Cerwenka, Peggy T Cohen-Kettenis, Griet De Cuypere, Hertha Richter-Appelt, Baudewijntje P C Kreukels
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the European Network for the Investigation of Gender Incongruence is to investigate the status of all individuals who had applied for gender confirming interventions from 2007 until 2009, irrespective of whether they received treatment. The current article describes the study protocol, the effect of medical treatment on gender dysphoria and body image, and the predictive value of (pre)treatment factors on post-treatment outcomes. METHODS: Data were collected on medical interventions, transition status, gender dysphoria (Utrecht Gender Dysphoria Scale), and body image (Body Image Scale for Transsexuals)...
March 18, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288257/military-family-physicians-readiness-for-treating-patients-with-gender-dysphoria
#17
Natasha A Schvey, Ian Blubaugh, Alexandria Morettini, David A Klein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288248/a-transgender-military-internist-s-perspective-on-readiness-for-treating-patients-with-gender-dysphoria
#18
Jamie L Henry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281883/exploring-the-association-between-eating-disorders-and-gender-dysphoria-in-youth
#19
Stephen Feder, Leanna Isserlin, Emily Seale, Nicole Hammond, Mark L Norris
This study reviews the overlap between eating disorders (EDs) and gender dysphoria (GD) in an adolescent population. A retrospective chart review was conducted on a clinical population presenting for concerns of GD. It was noted that five of the 97 patients had been found to be suffering from an ED at presentation. An additional 10 patients were noted to have ED-related symptoms. Although ED risk was elevated in trans males and females, absolute risk was higher in trans males when compared to population based prevalence rates...
March 10, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245038/kraftig-%C3%A3-kning-av-k%C3%A3-nsdysfori-bland-barn-och-unga-tidigt-insatt-behandling-ger-betydligt-b%C3%A3-ttre-prognos
#20
Louise Frisén, Olle Söder, Per-Anders Rydelius
Dramatic increase of gender dysphoria in youth In the past decade there has been a dramatic increase in the number of young people with gender dysphoria seeking help for gender-confirming medical interventions. From a situation of no more than a few patients annually, there were almost 200 referrals of gender dysphoria to the Astrid Lindgren Children's Hospital in 2016. This child and adolescent psychiatric unit has the whole country as a catchment area for patients <16 years. Gender-confirming medical interventions are regulated by a special law that sets a minimum age for legal and surgical gender reassignment to 18 years...
February 22, 2017: Läkartidningen
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