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Depressive disorder+prevention

Alexandra S Creighton, Tanya E Davison, David W Kissane
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize and summarize the studies examining the correlates and predictors of anxiety in older adults living in residential aged care. METHODS: Using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, five electronic databases were searched using key terms and subject headings, as well as reference lists of relevant papers. The search was limited to peer-reviewed literature published in English. Eligible studies examined the association between at least one correlate/factor and anxiety disorders or symptoms in aged care residents aged 50+ years...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Timo-Kolja Pförtner, Irene Moor
Background: The relationship between socioeconomic status and health is explained by the unequal distribution of material, psychosocial and behavioral factors. The aim of this study is to analyze the relative contribution of these factors for the association between income and different indicators of health and diseases. Method: Analyses were based on data from the "German Socioeconomic Panel (GSOEP)" in 2011. We estimated the relative contribution of material, psychosocial and behavioral factors in income-related inequalities in health by logistic mediator analyses focusing on following outcomes: self-rated health, diabetes, cardiac disease, sleep disorder, joint diseases, depression and chronical back trouble...
October 17, 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
María T Gonzálvez, José P Espada, Ricardo Tejeiro
Problem use of video games is an increasing risk behaviour. High exposure of adolescents to video games has been linked to a variety of disorders, but the relationship between problem video game playing and emotional welfare is unknown. The aim of the study is to analyse problem video game playing in a sample of adolescents and to determine whether there are differences between online and offline players, in addition to examining its relationship with anxiety and depressive symptomatology. A sample of adolescents (N = 380) completed self-reports measuring video game use and symptoms of anxiety and depression...
September 29, 2016: Adicciones
Angela M Sanford
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to examine the concept of anorexia of aging, including its complex pathophysiology and the multifaceted interventions required to prevent adverse health consequences from this geriatric syndrome. RECENT FINDINGS: Anorexia of aging is extremely common, occurring in up to 30% of elderly individuals; however, this diagnosis is frequently missed or erroneously attributed to a normal part of the aging process. With aging, impairments in smell and taste can limit the desire to eat...
October 5, 2016: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
Javier Jerez-Roig, Nayara Priscila Dantas de Oliveira, Bartolomeu Fagundes de Lima Filho, Maria Amanda de Farias Bezerra, Monayane Grazielly Leite Matias, Lidiane Macedo Ferreira, Fabienne Louise Juvêncio Dos Santos Amaral, Dyego Leandro Bezerra Souza, Kenio Costa Lima
: Background/Study Context: Depression is a common psychiatric disorder in the elderly that leads to a decrease in quality of life and functional impairment, among other health problems. The study of depressive symptoms in institutionalized elderly is scarce in Latin America and can contribute to plan prevention and treatment actions in order to improve health conditions for the residents as well as quality of life. Therefore, the aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of depressive symptoms and identify its associated factors in institutionalized elderly...
October 2016: Experimental Aging Research
M S Patton, D J Lodge, D A Morilak, M Girotti
Deficits in cognitive flexibility are prominent in stress-related psychiatric disorders, including depression. Ketamine has rapid antidepressant efficacy, but it is unknown if ketamine improves cognitive symptoms. In rats, 2 weeks chronic intermittent cold (CIC) stress impairs reversal learning, a form of cognitive flexibility mediated by the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) that we have used previously to model cognitive dysfunction in depression. We have shown that activating JAK2/STAT3 signaling in the OFC rescued the CIC stress-induced reversal learning deficit...
October 17, 2016: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Martina Hahn, Sibylle C Roll
A 50-year-old male patient with comorbid human immunodeficiency virus developed a relapse of bipolar disorder after a switch from oral aripiprazole 10 mg/day to intramuscular aripiprazole depot 200 mg every 28 days plus oral aripiprazole 5 mg/day. The patient was concomitantly taking lopinavir, saquinavir, ritonavir, silybum marianum extract, and omeprazole. Only 1 week after the switch, the patient developed mood swings, irritability, depressive mood, and lack of drive. The oral aripiprazole was increased again to stabilize the patient...
December 2016: Drug Saf Case Rep
Fahad D Alosaimi, Fay S Alruwais, Fadah A Alanazi, Ghaida A Alabidi, Nadia A Aljomah, Nuha S Alsalameh
OBJECTIVE: To explore the possible causes behind adults seeking psychotropic medications without a prescription; identify the most commonly used psychotropic medications without a prescription; and determine the prevalence of depression and anxiety disorders among adults who used psychotropic medications without a prescription in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2014 to August 2015. A convenience sample was taken by distributing a self-administered questionnaire among participants who had obtained psychotropic medications without a prescription from retail pharmacies during the 4 weeks prior to study intake in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia...
October 2016: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
Wanjie Tang, Jingdong Zhao, Yi Lu, Tingting Yan, Lijuan Wang, Jun Zhang, Jiuping Xu
OBJECTIVE: Millions of children were exposed to major earthquake in China, with serious psychological and developmental consequences. To obtain accurate rate of post-disaster related disorder and identify predictors may help inform post-disaster rescue and rehabilitation efforts. The present longitudinal study explored correlations of demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of juvenile survivors of the Ya'an and Wenchuan earthquakes in China with their trajectories of post-disaster related disorder...
September 13, 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Joshua Hayward, Felice N Jacka, Helen Skouteris, Lynne Millar, Claudia Strugnell, Boyd A Swinburn, Steven Allender
OBJECTIVE: Depression affects many Australian adolescents. Research points to the potential of lifestyle improvement for the population-level prevention of mental disorders. However, most studies examine single relationships without considering the combined contribution of lifestyle factors to variance in depression. This study examined associations between adolescent diet, physical activity and screen time behaviours and depressive symptomatology. METHODS: A cross-sectional sample of year 8 and 10 students was recruited from 23 participating schools in 18 Victorian communities...
October 12, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Healthy life expectancy (HALE) and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) provide summary measures of health across geographies and time that can inform assessments of epidemiological patterns and health system performance, help to prioritise investments in research and development, and monitor progress toward the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). We aimed to provide updated HALE and DALYs for geographies worldwide and evaluate how disease burden changes with development...
October 8, 2016: Lancet
Lin Cui, Wei Sun, Ming Yu, Nan Li, Li Guo, Huating Gu, Yu Zhou
Disrupted-in-schizophrenia 1(DISC1) is a promising candidate susceptibility gene for a spectrum of psychiatric illnesses that share cognitive impairments in common, including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and major depression. Here we report that DISC1 L100P homozygous mutant shows normal anxiety- and depression-like behavior, but impaired object recognition which is prevented by administration of atypical antipsychotic drug clozapine. Ca(2+) image analysis reveals suppression of glutamate-evoked elevation of cytoplasmic [Ca(2+)] in L100P hippocampal slices...
October 12, 2016: Molecular Brain
A M Lasserre, M-P F Strippoli, J Glaus, M Gholam-Rezaee, C L Vandeleur, E Castelao, P Marques-Vidal, G Waeber, P Vollenweider, M Preisig
The mechanisms and temporal sequence underlying the association between major depressive disorder (MDD) and cardio-metabolic diseases are still poorly understood. Recent research suggests subtyping depression to study the mechanisms underlying its association with biological correlates. Accordingly, our aims were to (1) assess the prospective associations of the atypical, melancholic and unspecified subtypes of MDD with changes of fasting glucose, high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, triglycerides, systolic blood pressure and the incidence of the metabolic syndrome, (2) determine the potential mediating role of inflammatory marker or adipokine concentrations, eating behaviors and changes in waist circumference during follow-up...
October 11, 2016: Molecular Psychiatry
Norio Sugawara, Manabu Saito, Kazuhiko Nakamura
Since December 1, 2015, the Japanese government has required employers to conduct the Stress Check Program. The Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare announced that this program should focus on the primary prevention of mental health problems. Although employers are obliged to perform screening for mental health problems and a physician's interview, employees are not mandated to participate in this program. Classical occupational health studies have accumulated evidence indicating that quantitative or qualitative workload is associated with mental health problems...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
Pasquale K Alvaro, Rachel M Roberts, Jodie K Harris, Oliviero Bruni
BACKGROUND: This study assessed the direction of the relationship between symptoms of insomnia disorder, depression, various anxiety disorders and obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) in adolescents after controlling for age, gender, chronotype, and outcome variable at baseline. METHODS: Data was collected in eight high schools in Adelaide, South Australia, at two time-points approximately 6 months apart. The study was completed by 318 and 255 high school students at baseline and follow-up, respectively, aged 12-18 (M=14...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Alyson Myers, Madhukar H Trivedi
Suicide is the tenth leading cause of death for Americans of all ages. Presence of a chronic medical illness (e.g. Diabetes mellitus) increases the risk of suicide. The goal of this review is to examine the relationship between diabetes and depression, as well as diabetes and suicide. Earlier this year, the U.S. Preventive Task Force (USPTF) escalated their recommendation for depression to include not only routine screening for depression but additional focus on active follow up that requires measurement based care...
October 5, 2016: Current Diabetes Reviews
H Roux, A Ali, S Lambert, L Radon, C Huas, F Curt, S Berthoz, Nathalie Godart
BACKGROUND: Patients with severe Anorexia Nervosa (AN) whose condition is life-threatening or who are not receiving adequate ambulatory care are hospitalized. However, 40 % of these patients leave the hospital prematurely, without reaching the target weight set in the treatment plan, and this can compromise outcome. This study set out to explore factors predictive of dropout from hospital treatment among patients with AN, in the hope of identifying relevant therapeutic targets. METHODS: From 2009 to 2011, 180 women hospitalized for AN (DSM-IV diagnosis) in 10 centres across France were divided into two groups: those under 18 years (when the decision to discharge belongs to the parents) and those aged 18 years and over (when the patient can legally decide to leave the hospital)...
September 30, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
Mia T Minen, Alexandra Boubour, Harjasleen Walia, William Barr
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Post-traumatic headache (PTH) is a secondary headache disorder following traumatic brain injury. We sought to examine the recent literature on PTH and associated cognitive, psychiatric, and sleep conditions to understand the latest findings about the associated conditions and available screening tools, and to understand the available treatment options for PTH. RECENT FINDINGS: Up to one third of PTH patients may have depression and about one quarter may have insomnia...
November 2016: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
Shawnita Sealy-Jefferson, Carmen Giurgescu, Jaime Slaughter-Acey, Cleopatra Caldwell, Dawn Misra
Preterm delivery (PTD), or birth before 37 completed weeks of gestation, is a serious public health issue, and racial disparities persist. In a recently published study, perceptions of the residential environment (or neighborhood context) were associated with PTD rates among urban African American women with low educational attainment (≤12 years); however, the mechanisms of these associations are unknown. Given this gap in the literature, we used data from the Life Influences on Fetal Environments Study of postpartum African American women from Metropolitan Detroit, Michigan (2009-2011; n = 399), to examine whether psychosocial factors (depressive symptomology, psychological distress, and perceived stress) mediate associations between perceptions of the neighborhood context and PTD...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
Krishna Vaddiparti, Catherine W Striley, Linda B Cottler
The purpose of this study is to assess the association between gambling severity and exposure to guns among substance-using women recruited in the community. Data for these analyses come from the baseline phase of two community-based HIV prevention interventions conducted among alcohol and drug-using women in St. Louis, MO. Gun exposure was assessed using the Violence Exposure Questionnaire (VEQ), and DSM-IV pathological gambling (PG) symptoms and other psychiatric symptoms were assessed using the Computerized Diagnostic Interview Schedule; The Composite International Diagnostic Interview Substance Abuse Module assessed DSM-IV substance dependence, including cocaine dependence and alcohol dependence...
September 1, 2016: Violence Gend
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