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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035730/features-of-mood-associated-with-high-body-weight-in-females-with-fibromyalgia
#1
Alessandra Alciati, Fabiola Atzeni, Massimiliano Grassi, Daniela Caldirola, Piercarlo Sarzi-Puttini, Jules Angst, Giampaolo Perna
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia (FM) is a common syndrome whose main characteristic is chronic widespread musculoskeletal pain, the severity of which is frequently worsened by concomitant obesity. Major depression (MD), particularly as part of a bipolar spectrum disorder (BSD), is associated with both obesity and FM. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between lifetime MD, hypomanic symptoms and the body mass index (BMI) in patients with FM. METHOD: Of the 115 patients originally screened, 87 women with FM finally entered the study...
September 6, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033604/chronic-pain-and-adult-hippocampal-neurogenesis-translational-implications-from-preclinical-studies
#2
Mariagrazia Grilli
Adult hippocampal neurogenesis (ahNG) occurs in the human brain. Adult generated neurons have been proposed to functionally contribute to relevant hippocampal functions such as learning and memory, mood regulation, and stress response. Learning, environmental enrichment, and physical exercise exert positive effects on ahNG. In parallel, these proneurogenic stimuli have been shown to ameliorate cognitive performance and/or depressive-like behavior in animal models. Conversely, aging, social isolation, and chronic stress exert negative effects on ahNG...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032165/association-between-family-socioeconomic-status-and-depressive-symptoms-among-chinese-adolescents-evidence-from-a-national-household-survey
#3
Qin Zhou, Libo Fan, Zhichao Yin
Depression is a common mental disorder due to high risk of the adolescence development stage. Few studies discussed the association between family socioeconomic status (SES) and depression and its mechanism. We aimed to provide a national view of depressive symptoms among Chinese adolescents to explore the relationship between family SES and depressive symptoms. We used the data from the Chinese Family Panel Studies (CFPS). Family SES include family income and parents' educational attainment. Depressive symptoms were measured by the Center for Epidemiological Study Depression...
September 28, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031185/diet-quality-and-depression-risk-a-systematic-review-and-dose-response-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#4
REVIEW
Marc Molendijk, Patricio Molero, Felipe Ortuño Sánchez-Pedreño, Willem Van der Does, Miguel Angel Martínez-González
BACKGROUND: It has been claimed that the quality of a diet is associated with the incidence of depressive disorders. We sought to investigate the evidence for this claim. METHODS: Systematic searches were performed up to March 6th, 2017 in order to identify prospective cohort studies that reported on exposure to dietary patterns or food groups and the incidence of depression/depressive symptoms. Data from 24 independent cohorts (totalling 1,959,217 person-years) were pooled in random-effects meta-analyses...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029563/development-of-a-single-session-transdiagnostic-preventive-intervention-for-young-adults-at-risk-for-emotional-disorders
#5
Kate H Bentley, Hannah Boettcher, Jacqueline R Bullis, Jenna R Carl, Laren R Conklin, Shannon Sauer-Zavala, Catherine Pierre-Louis, Todd J Farchione, David H Barlow
Cognitive-behavioral prevention programs have demonstrated efficacy in reducing subclinical symptoms of anxiety and depression, and there is some evidence to suggest that they can lower the risk of future disorder onset. However, existing interventions tend to be relatively lengthy and target specific disorders or problem areas, both of which limit their potential for widespread dissemination. To address these limitations, we aimed to develop a single-session, transdiagnostic preventive intervention based on the Unified Protocol for Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders for young adults at risk for developing anxiety and/or depressive disorders within a college setting...
October 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024676/perinatal-fluoxetine-prevents-the-effect-of-pre-gestational-maternal-stress-on-5-ht-in-the-pfc-but-maternal-stress-has-enduring-effects-on-mpfc-synaptic-structure-in-offspring
#6
Mary Gemmel, Nikolaos Kokras, Christina Dalla, Jodi L Pawluski
Maternal affective disorders are frequently treated with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor medications (SSRIs); with up to 10% of women being prescribed these medications during pregnancy. Infant development depends on the early serotonergic environment, which is altered by perinatal SSRIs, raising concern about how these medications affect neural outcomes. While clinical and preclinical research suggests an impact of SSRIs on the developing brain, more research is needed to determine the effects on neuroplasticity, the serotonergic system, and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in neural regions mediating behavior...
October 9, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021832/pharmacogenomics-in-the-treatment-of-mood-disorders-strategies-and-opportunities-for-personalized-psychiatry
#7
REVIEW
Azmeraw T Amare, Klaus Oliver Schubert, Bernhard T Baune
Personalized medicine (personalized psychiatry in a specific setting) is a new model towards individualized care, in which knowledge from genomics and other omic pillars (microbiome, epigenomes, proteome, and metabolome) will be combined with clinical data to guide efforts to new drug development and targeted prescription of the existing treatment options. In this review, we summarize pharmacogenomic studies in mood disorders that may lay the foundation towards personalized psychiatry. In addition, we have discussed the possible strategies to integrate data from omic pillars as a future path to personalized psychiatry...
September 2017: EPMA Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021766/a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-functional-relaxation-as-an-adjunct-to-psychoeducation-for-stress
#8
Claas Lahmann, Maria Gebhardt, Heribert Sattel, Andreas Dinkel, Christoph Pieh, Thomas Probst
This randomized controlled trial investigated whether adding the psychodynamically based body-oriented psychotherapy "Functional Relaxation" (FR) to psychoeducation (PE) is more effective than PE alone to reduce stress and stress-associated complaints. Eighty-one participants with elevated stress-levels, ≥50 points on the global scale of the Perceived Stress Questionnaire (PSQ), received either 10 sessions of manualized FR + PE (n = 42) or two sessions of manualized PE alone (n = 39) in a group setting. Six FR trainers took part in this study...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021119/a-pilot-randomized-trial-of-motivational-interviewing-compared-to-psycho-education-for-reducing-and-preventing-underage-drinking-in-american-indian-adolescents
#9
David A Gilder, Jennifer R Geisler, Juan A Luna, Daniel Calac, Peter M Monti, Nichea S Spillane, Juliet P Lee, Roland S Moore, Cindy L Ehlers
Underage drinking is an important public health issue for American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) adolescents, as it is for U. S. teens of all ethnicities. One of the demonstrated risk factors for the development of alcohol use disorders in AI/AN is early age of initiation of drinking. To address this issue a randomized trial to assess the efficacy of Motivational Interviewing (MI) compared to Psycho-Education (PE) to reduce and prevent underage drinking in AI/AN youth was developed and implemented. Sixty-nine youth received MI or PE and 87% were assessed at follow-up...
November 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016669/major-depressive-disorder-and-suicide-risk-among-adult-outpatients-at-several-general-hospitals-in-a-chinese-han-population
#10
Haiyan Li, Xinni Luo, Xiaoyin Ke, Qing Dai, Wei Zheng, Chanjuan Zhang, Ryan M Cassidy, Jair C Soares, XiangYang Zhang, Yuping Ning
BACKGROUND: Somatic complaints are often the presenting symptoms of major depressive disorder (MDD) in the outpatient context, because this may go unrecognized. It is well understood that MDD carries an increased risk of suicide. This study aimed to identify the risk factors and association with both MDD and suicidality among Han Chinese outpatients. METHODS: A multicenter study was carried out in 5189 outpatient adults (≥18 years old) in four general hospitals in Guangzhou, China...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016468/a-systematic-review-of-reminiscence-therapy-for-older-adults-in-taiwan
#11
Hsin-Yen Yen, Li-Jung Lin
BACKGROUND: Population aging is an increasing phenomenon in many countries around the world. It has been estimated that more than one quarter of all older adults experience a mental or neurological disorder or disease such as dementia, depression, anxiety, and substance abuse. Reminiscence is a popular treatment for enhancing well-being in older adults. Previous studies have shown that reminiscence therapy improves the cognitive functions, behaviors, and other psychosocial outcomes in older adult patients...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994903/antidepressant-exposure-during-pregnancy-and-risk-of-autism-in-the-offspring-1-meta-review-of-meta-analyses
#12
Chittaranjan Andrade
There are no randomized controlled trials of antidepressant drugs to treat depression, or to prevent relapse into depression, during pregnancy; therefore, the safety of antidepressant drug exposure during pregnancy is based on evidence from case-control or cohort studies. Many of these observational studies, during the past decade, examined the risk of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in exposed offspring. Different studies using different methods and examining different periods of antidepressant exposure before and during pregnancy obtained different results...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993149/relationship-of-blood-pressure-and-erectile-dysfunction-in-men-without-previously-diagnosed-hypertension
#13
Arto Heikkilä, Antti Kaipia, Maarit Venermo, Hannu Kautiainen, Päivi Korhonen
BACKGROUND: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is the most common male sexual disorder that affects all age groups and has a close association with essential hypertension. AIM: To characterize the relation of blood pressure and ED in detail. METHODS: A cross-sectional population-based study of 45- to 70-year-old men without previously diagnosed hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, renal disease, or diabetes was conducted from 2005 to 2007 in southwestern Finland...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992102/commentary-on-bedroom-light-exposure-at-night-and-the-incidence-of-depressive-symptoms-a-longitudinal-study-of-the-heijokyo-cohort-obayashi-et-al
#14
Brant P Hasler
In modern society, we are increasingly disconnected from natural light/dark cycles and beset by round-the-clock exposure to artificial light. Light has powerful effects on physical and mental health, in part via the circadian system, and thus the timing of light exposure dictates whether it is helpful or harmful. In their compelling paper, Obayashi and colleagues offer evidence that light at night can prospectively predict an elevated incidence of depressive symptoms in older adults. Strengths of the study include the longitudinal design and direct, objective assessment of light levels, as well as accounting for multiple plausible confounders during analyses...
July 31, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990963/terrible-twos-or-early-signs-of-psychopathology-developmental-patterns-in-early-identified-preschoolers-with-cochlear-implants-compared-with-hearing-controls
#15
Anouk P Netten, Carolien Rieffe, Lizet Ketelaar, Wim Soede, Kenneth D Gadow, Johan H M Frijns
OBJECTIVE: Cochlear implants (CIs) have dramatically improved the lives of children who are deaf or hard of hearing; however, little is known about its implications for preventing the development of psychiatric symptoms in this at-risk population. This is the first longitudinal study to examine the early manifestation of emotional and behavioral disorders and associated risk and protective factors in early identified preschoolers with CIs compared with hearing peers. DESIGN: Participants were 74 children with CIs and 190 hearing controls between ages 1 and 5 years (mean age, 3...
October 4, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988634/a-two-tiered-strategy-for-preventing-complications-of-bereavement-in-the-first-thirteen-months-post-loss-a-pilot-study-using-peer-supports-with-professional-therapist-back-up
#16
Mark D Miller, Jacqueline Stack, Charles F Reynolds
This feasibility and acceptance pilot study for preventing complications of bereavement within the first year post loss recruited 20 adult grievers within 9 months of becoming bereft and assigned consenting subjects to peer supporters trained by a non-profit bereavement support organization for weekly or bi-weekly telephone-based peer support until month 13 post-loss. Subjects who met DSM-5 criteria for major depressive disorder or showed an Inventory of Complicated Grief (ICG) score exceeding 19, 6 months or more post loss, were assigned to 12 to 16 weeks of interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) with an experienced therapist...
May 25, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987208/a-literature-review-of-alternative-therapies-for-postpartum-depression
#17
Jennifer Nguyen
Postpartum depression is a debilitating disorder that requires greater awareness and treatment. Depending on severity of symptoms, standard treatment calls for individual psychotherapy and medication. Although postpartum depression can lead to negative health outcomes for women and their offspring, numerous barriers prevent women from receiving appropriate care. A review of the literature shows that nontraditional modes of psychotherapy dominate recent studies, whereas data for other complementary options are severely lacking...
October 2017: Nursing for Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986104/the-effects-of-betulinic-acid-on-neurobehavioral-activity-electrophysiology-and-histological-changes-in-an-animal-model-of-the-alzheimer-s-disease
#18
Seyedeh Parisa Navabi, Alireza Sarkaki, Esrafil Mansouri, Mohammad Badavi, Ata Ghadiri, Yaghoob Farbood
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a common disorder characterized by aggregation and conversion of amyloid beta (Aβ) monomers to fibrils. Betulinic acid (BA) strongly accelerated this pathway through circumventing the oligomeric intermediate state. BA at doses of 0.2 and 0.4μM/10μl/rat (intra-hippocampal or i.h injection, vehicle: DMSO) was bilaterally administrated 180 and 10min before co-administration of Aβ (0.1μM/5μl/rat, i.h injection, vehicle: PBS) and Streptozotocin (STZ, 1.5mg/kg/10μl/rat, intracerebroventricular or i...
October 3, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981313/work-related-trauma-alienation-and-posttraumatic-and-depressive-symptoms-in-medical-examiner-employees
#19
Elizabeth Brondolo, Pegah Eftekharzadeh, Christine Clifton, Joseph E Schwartz, Douglas Delahanty
OBJECTIVE: First-responder employees, including firefighters, police, and medical examiners, are at risk for the development of depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as a result of exposure to workplace trauma. However, pathways linking workplace trauma exposure to mental health symptoms are not well understood. In the context of social-cognitive models of depression/PTSD, we examined the role of negative cognitions as mediators of the cross-sectional and longitudinal relationship of workplace trauma exposure to symptoms of depression/PTSD in medical examiner (ME) employees...
October 5, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980577/-depression-and-depression-related-disorders-after-a-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#20
M A Kutlubaev, L R Akhmadeeva
Psychiatric disorders often develop after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH); the most frequent of them are depression and depression-related disorders (anxiety, apathy, pathological fatigue, posttraumatic stress disorder, etc.). Both biological and psychological mechanisms may underlie the development of these disorders. Depression and depression-related disorders decrease patients' quality of life and prevent the full recovery after SAH. Identification and correction of these disorders should take a prominent place in the rehabilitation of post-SAH patients...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
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