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depressive disorder prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331707/the-mediation-effect-of-ptsd-perceived-job-stress-and-resilience-on-the-relationship-between-trauma-exposure-and-the-development-of-depression-and-alcohol-use-problems-in-korean-firefighters-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Johanna Inhyang Kim, Heyeon Park, Jeong-Hyun Kim
BACKGROUND: Firefighters constitute a high-risk group for depression and alcohol use disorders (AUDs) due to frequent exposure to trauma. Perceived job stress and resilience are powerful factors affecting the occurrence of depression and AUDs; however, research on this subject is scarce. METHODS: We investigated the relationship of perceived job stress and resilience with depression or AUDs in firefighters. A total of 7151 Korean firefighters were included for analysis...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331702/is-very-low-infant-birth-weight-a-predictor-for-a-five-year-course-of-depression-in-parents-a-latent-growth-curve-model
#2
Claus Barkmann, Nadine Helle, Carola Bindt
BACKGROUND: A very low birth weight (VLBW) is considered as a significant risk factor for early-onset developmental problems in infants, but is also discussed as a potential risk factor for the development of depressive symptoms in affected parents. METHODS: In this study, the 5-year courses of maternal and paternal depression with VLBW and term born infants (n = 250 families) are modeled and predicted by factors existing at the time of birth. RESULTS: The dyadic trajectories of depression could be best described by five classes (I no depression, II minor maternal depression, III increasing dyadic depression, IV significant maternal depression, V highly depressed mothers)...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329983/attenuation-of-noise-induced-hyperactivity-in-the-dorsal-cochlear-nucleus-by-pre-treatment-with-mk-801
#3
M W Criddle, D A Godfrey, J A Kaltenbach
It has previously been hypothesized that hyperactivity of central auditory neurons following exposure to intense noise is a consequence of synaptic alterations. Recent studies suggest the involvement of NMDA receptors in the induction of this hyperactive state. NMDA receptors can mediate long term changes in the excitability of neurons through their involvement in excitotoxic injury and long term potentiation and depression. In this study, we examined the effect of administering an NMDA receptor blocker on the induction of hyperactivity in the dorsal cochlear nucleus (DCN) following intense sound exposure...
January 9, 2018: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324369/early-life-social-stress-and-resting-state-functional-connectivity-in-postpartum-rat-anterior-cingulate-circuits
#4
Benjamin C Nephew, Marcelo Febo, Wei Huang, Luis M Colon-Perez, Laurellee Payne, Guillaume L Poirier, Owen Greene, Jean A King
INTRODUCTION: Continued development and refinement of resting state functional connectivity (RSFC) fMRI techniques in both animal and clinical studies has enhanced our comprehension of the adverse effects of stress on psychiatric health. The objective of the current study was to assess both maternal behavior and resting state functional connectivity (RSFC) changes in these animals when they were dams caring for their own young. It was hypothesized that ECSS exposed dams would express depressed maternal care and exhibit similar (same networks), yet different specific changes in RSFC (different individual nuclei) than reported when they were adult females...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320540/discerning-suicide-in-drug-intoxication-deaths-paucity-and-primacy-of-suicide-notes-and-psychiatric-history
#5
Ian R H Rockett, Eric D Caine, Hilary S Connery, Gail D'Onofrio, David J Gunnell, Ted R Miller, Kurt B Nolte, Mark S Kaplan, Nestor D Kapusta, Christa L Lilly, Lewis S Nelson, Sandra L Putnam, Steven Stack, Peeter Värnik, Lynn R Webster, Haomiao Jia
OBJECTIVE: A paucity of corroborative psychological and psychiatric evidence may be inhibiting detection of drug intoxication suicides in the United States. We evaluated the relative importance of suicide notes and psychiatric history in the classification of suicide by drug intoxication versus firearm (gunshot wound) plus hanging/suffocation-the other two major, but overtly violent methods. METHODS: This observational multilevel (individual/county), multivariable study employed a generalized linear mixed model (GLMM) to analyze pooled suicides and undetermined intent deaths, as possible suicides, among the population aged 15 years and older in the 17 states participating in the National Violent Death Reporting System throughout 2011-2013...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318339/-e-health-in-diagnosis-and-therapy-of-mental-disorders-will-therapists-soon-become-superfluous
#6
REVIEW
Stefan Lüttke, Martin Hautzinger, Kristina Fuhr
Digital media, online programs, and electronic health systems are available and easily accessible for diagnostic, prevention, and intervention of somatic and psychiatric disorders. These modern tools can assess objective as well as subjective information about acute symptoms, wellbeing, life quality, sleep, physiological indicators, etc. Wearables and apps collect data over days and weeks in the real world of subjects. This information can be used to document baselines as well as changes over time influenced by events or interventions...
January 9, 2018: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316987/diet-nutrition-and-the-ageing-brain-current-evidence-and-new-directions
#7
Katie Moore, Catherine F Hughes, Mary Ward, Leane Hoey, Helene McNulty
Globally populations are ageing. By 2050, it is estimated that there will be two billion people aged 60 years or over, of which 131 million are projected to be affected by dementia, while depression is predicted to be the second leading cause of disability worldwide by 2020. Preventing or delaying the onset of these disorders should therefore be a public health priority. There is some evidence linking certain dietary patterns, particularly the Mediterranean diet, with a reduced risk of dementia and depression...
January 10, 2018: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311593/neogenin-a-regulator-of-adult-hippocampal-neurogenesis-prevents-depressive-like-behavior
#8
Dong Sun, Xiang-Dong Sun, Lu Zhao, Dae-Hoon Lee, Jin-Xia Hu, Fu-Lei Tang, Jin-Xiu Pan, Lin Mei, Xiao-Juan Zhu, Wen-Cheng Xiong
Adult neurogenesis in hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG) is a complex, but precisely controlled process. Dysregulation of this event contributes to multiple neurological disorders, including major depression. Thus, it is of considerable interest to investigate how adult hippocampal neurogenesis is regulated. Here, we present evidence for neogenin, a multifunctional transmembrane receptor, to regulate adult mouse hippocampal neurogenesis. Loss of neogenin in adult neural stem cells (NSCs) or neural progenitor cells (NPCs) impaired NSCs/NPCs proliferation and neurogenesis, whereas increased their astrocytic differentiation...
January 8, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306905/-the-importance-of-anxiety-and-depression-in-family-practice
#9
Peter Torzsa, Csenge Hargittay, Laszlo Kalabay
Representative studies indicate that prevalence of anxiety disorders among adults is between 12.6-17.2%, while in Hungary it is 17.7%. According to both international and national studies the point prevalence of diagnosed major depression requiring treatment is 6-10 % in general practice. As untreated depression is the most important risk factor for suicide, early detection and effective management of depression are critical in prevention. According to international and national studies the recognition of major depression in primary care significantly contributes to the decline of suicide mortality...
September 2017: Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306870/gender-differences-in-the-well-being-of-patients-diagnosed-with-chlamydia-trachomatis-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Nirina Andersson, Helena Carré, Urban Janlert, Jens Boman, Elisabet Nylander
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate how an infection with Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) influenced patients' well-being and whether there were differences due to gender, age or relationship status, in an effort to strengthen preventive measures and provide better healthcare for patients with CT. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with CT in the county of Västerbotten, Sweden, were asked to fill out a questionnaire about their feelings, thoughts and actions after CT diagnosis...
January 6, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302555/prevalence-of-depression-anxiety-and-stress-among-school-going-adolescent-in-chandigarh
#11
Raman Kumar Sandal, Naveen Krishan Goel, Manoj Kumar Sharma, Ravleen Kaur Bakshi, Navpreet Singh, Dinesh Kumar
Context: Depressive disorders often start at a young age. There is a need for early identification of depression, anxiety, and stress (DAS) and prevention. The present study was undertaken to find the magnitude of DAS among adolescents. Aims: To find the mental health status of school going adolescents in Chandigarh. The objectives were (i) to study the prevalence of DAS among school going adolescents and (ii) to study the correlates of DAS. Settings and Design: A Cross-sectional survey of students of four classes from 9th to 12th studying in government schools...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298326/understanding-the-experience-and-manifestation-of-depression-in-adolescents-living-with-hiv-in-harare-zimbabwe
#12
Nicola Willis, Webster Mavhu, Carol Wogrin, Abigail Mutsinze, Ashraf Kagee
BACKGROUND: Studies have found that adolescents living with HIV are at risk of depression, which in turn affects adherence to medication. This study explored the experience and manifestation of depression in adolescents living with HIV in Zimbabwe in order to inform intervention development. METHODS: We conducted a body mapping exercise with 21 HIV positive 15-19 years olds who had been diagnosed with major depressive disorder. Participants created a painted map of their body to assist them in expressing their somatic and emotional experiences in qualitative interviews...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297753/alcohol-expectancies-heavy-drinking-and-indicators-of-alcohol-use-disorders-in-a-community-based-sample-of-lesbian-and-bisexual-women
#13
Jessica N Fish, Tonda L Hughes
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine the associations among alcohol expectancies, heavy episodic drinking (HED), and indicators of alcohol abuse and dependence in a community sample of lesbian and bisexual women. METHODS: We used adjusted logistic regression models to assess associations between alcohol expectancies and alcohol-related outcomes. RESULTS: Drinking expectancies were positively related to outcomes. Expectancies of "forgetting worries when depressed" were positively related to HED, whereas expectancies of increased aggression and ability to express anger were positively related to indicators of alcohol abuse and dependence...
January 3, 2018: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296845/depression-quality-of-life-and-medical-resource-utilization-in-sickle-cell-disease
#14
Soheir S Adam, Charlene M Flahiff, Shital Kamble, Marilyn J Telen, Shelby D Reed, Laura M De Castro
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a chronic, debilitating disorder. Chronically ill patients are at risk for depression, which can affect health-related quality of life (HRQoL), health care utilization, and cost. We performed an analytic epidemiologic prospective study to determine the prevalence of depression in adult patients with SCD and its association with HRQoL and medical resource utilization. Depression was measured by the Beck Depression Inventory and clinical history in adult SCD outpatients at a comprehensive SCD center...
October 24, 2017: Blood Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295597/emotional-regulation-in-young-adults-with-internet-gaming-disorder
#15
Ju-Yu Yen, Yi-Chun Yeh, Peng-Wei Wang, Tai-Ling Liu, Yun-Yu Chen, Chih-Hung Ko
People diagnosed with Internet gaming disorder (IGD) have been frequently reported to experience depression, anxiety, and hostility. Emotional regulation contributes to these mood symptoms. This study evaluated emotional regulation in subjects with IGD and examined relationships between emotional regulation, depression, anxiety, and hostility in young adults with IGD. We recruited 87 people with IGD and a control group of 87 people without a history of IGD. All participants underwent a diagnostic interview based on the IGD criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, and they completed a questionnaire on emotional regulation, depression, anxiety, and hostility...
December 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294844/prior-interpersonal-violence-exposure-and-experiences-during-and-after-a-disaster-as-predictors-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-depression-among-adolescent-victims-of-the-spring-2011-tornadoes
#16
Heidi Resnick, Kelly L Zuromski, Sandro Galea, Matthew Price, Amanda K Gilmore, Dean G Kilpatrick, Kenneth Ruggiero
The purpose of the current report was to examine prior history of exposure to interpersonal violence (IPV), as compared with prior accident or prior disaster exposure, experiences during and after a disaster, and demographic variables as predictors of past month posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression severity among adolescents exposed to the tornadoes in Alabama and Missouri. IPV exposure has been consistently identified as a unique category of potentially traumatic events (PTE) that significantly increases risk for development of PTSD and other difficulties relative to other event types among adolescents...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289556/chronopathophysiological-implications-of-orexin-in-sleep-disturbances-and-lifestyle-related-disorders
#17
REVIEW
Hiroshi Tsuneki, Tsutomu Wada, Toshiyasu Sasaoka
Sleep, a mysterious behavior, has recently been recognized as a crucial factor for health and longevity. The daily sleep/wake cycle provides the basis of biorhythms controlling whole-body homeostasis and homeodynamics; therefore, disruption of sleep causes several physical and psychological disorders, including cardiovascular disease, obesity, diabetes, cancer, anxiety, depression, and cognitive dysfunction. However, the mechanism linking sleep disturbances and sleep-related disorders remains unknown. Orexin (also known as hypocretin) is a neuropeptide produced in the hypothalamus...
December 28, 2017: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288827/antidepressant-like-effects-of-water-extract-of-gastrodia-elata-blume-on-neurotrophic-regulation-in-a-chronic-social-defeat-stress-model
#18
Yu-En Lin, Shao-Ting Chou, Shih-Hang Lin, Kuan-Hung Lu, Suraphan Panyod, Yi-Syuan Lai, Chi-Tang Ho, Lee-Yan Sheen
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY RELEVANCE: Gastrodia elata Blume (GE) is a traditional Chinese medicine commonly used to treat dizziness, epilepsy, paralysis and some emotional symptoms in east Asia. We previously showed that the water extract of Gastrodia elata Blume (WGE) possesses anti-depression like effects in a forced swimming test and chronic mild stress model. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to investigate the antidepressant-like effects of WGE and potential mechanisms related to brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) regulation in mice exposed to chronic social defeat stress (CSDS) model...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285745/reciprocal-longitudinal-relations-between-weight-shape-concern-and-comorbid-pathology-among-women-at-very-high-risk-for-eating-disorder-onset
#19
Ellen E Fitzsimmons-Craft, Dawn M Eichen, Andrea E Kass, Mickey Trockel, Ross D Crosby, C Barr Taylor, Denise E Wilfley
PURPOSE: Understanding how known eating disorder (ED) risk factors change in relating to one another over time may inform efficient intervention targets. We examined short-term (i.e., 1 month) reciprocal longitudinal relations between weight/shape concern and comorbid symptoms (i.e., depressed mood, anxiety) and behaviors (i.e., binge drinking) over the course of 24 months using cross-lagged panel models. METHODS: Participants were 185 women aged 18-25 years at very high risk for ED onset, randomized to an online ED preventive intervention or waitlist control...
December 28, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280392/comorbidity-of-internet-use-disorder-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-two-adult-case-control-studies
#20
Martin Bielefeld, Marion Drews, Inken Putzig, Laura Bottel, Toni Steinbüchel, Jan Dieris-Hirche, Gregor R Szycik, Astrid Müller, Mandy Roy, Martin Ohlmeier, Bert Theodor Te Wildt
Objectives There is good scientific evidence that attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is both a predictor and a comorbidity of addictive disorders in adulthood. These associations not only focus on substance-related addictions but also on behavioral addictions like gambling disorder and Internet use disorder (IUD). For IUD, systematic reviews have identified ADHD as one of the most prevalent comorbidities besides depressive and anxiety disorders. Yet, there is a need to further understand the connections between both disorders to derive implications for specific treatment and prevention...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
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