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SVC syndrome

Geetesh Manik, John Jose, B Hygriv Rao
Intra-cardiac extension of tumour thrombus of follicular carcinoma of thyroid is uncommon. We report a case of advanced thyroid carcinoma where tumour thrombus was well profiled with CT scan and transesophageal echo images and extension was noted from SVC into right atrium, with clinical features of superior vena cava syndrome. The clinical significance of the "ring sign" is discussed.
September 2016: Indian Heart Journal
Chan Soon Park, Jeong Jae Kim, Jin Joo Park
Total absence of superior vena cava (SVC) is a very rare anomaly, and the patient usually suffers from SVC syndrome or conduction disturbances. We report an asymptomatic 27 year-old male, with complete absence of SVC. Transthoracic echocardiography and computed tomography demonstrated the absence of SVC and other congenital cardiac anomalies, but the presence of prominent collateral vessels that allow a sufficient venous return.
September 2016: Korean Circulation Journal
Michele Gallo, Adam N Protos, Jaimin R Trivedi, Mark S Slaughter
The obstruction of blood flow through the superior vena cava (SVC) into the right atrium may present as a severe clinical syndrome. One of the benign causes of SVC obstruction is the long-term use of indwelling catheters and wires, increasing the chances of SVC thrombosis. The treatment of the benign SVC syndrome is focused on achieving long-term durability and patency of the superior venocaval system and normal life expectancy. We report the successful surgical management of a patient with severe symptomatic SVC syndrome and emphasize technical details that might be of value in treating this challenging pathologic condition...
October 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
C Grozavu, A Fera, M Iliaş, D Pantile
INTRODUCTION: Bronchogenic cysts, commonly located in the mediastinum or lung parenchyma, arise from abnormal budding of the tracheobronchial tree. Since an unknown percentage of asymptomatic adult patients with bronchogenic cysts remain undiagnosed, the true natural history ofthese cysts in adults is uncertain and the available series reflect a significant selection bias in favor of the symptomatic individual. CASE REPORT: We present the case of a 42-year-old female who presented with adull central chest pain, which gradually worsened overseveral weeks...
July 2016: Chirurgia
Yi-Ju Ho, Chi-Hsiao Yeh, Chi-Chun Lai, Jerry Chien-Chieh Huang, Lan-Hsin Chuang
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to clarify the pathogenic mechanism and to evaluate an intervention for intractable secondary glaucoma in superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome. CASE PRESENTATION: A 66-year-old female with underlying hypertension, diabetes mellitus, ischaemic heart disease and end-stage renal disease complained of bilateral puffy eyelids for 3 months. Over three years, the patient experienced a progressive, marked face and neck swelling, which was accompanied by dyspnoea and nocturnal coughing...
2016: BMC Ophthalmology
Avradip Santra, Saumen Nandi, Saibal Mondal, Subhankar Chakraborty
Superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome is not an uncommon occurrence in patients with malignancy and it is often described as a medical emergency. In majority of the cases, SVC syndrome occurs due to mechanical obstruction of the SVC by extraluminal compression with primary intrathoracic malignancies. However, intraluminal obstruction due to thrombosis can also produce symptoms and signs of SVC syndrome. Clot-related SVC obstruction is mostly associated with indwelling central venous catheter and pacemaker leads, although such thrombosis can occur spontaneously in a background of a hypercoagulable state, e...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Hiroaki Oizumi, Kenji Suzuki, Takamitsu Banno, Takeshi Matsunaga, Shiaki Oh, Kazuya Takamochi
PURPOSES: Resection and reconstruction of the superior vena cava (SVC) is used for the complete resection of advanced lung cancer and mediastinal tumors. However, the optimal postoperative management for this procedure remains to be elucidated. METHODS: 1897 patients with lung cancer and/or mediastinal tumors underwent surgical resection at our institute. Among them, 12 patients underwent combined resection and replacement with a vascular graft of the SVC. Preoperative SVC syndrome was noted in 4, and preoperative chemo and/or radiotherapy were used in 2...
June 14, 2016: Surgery Today
Wen-Chi Yang, Ming Yao, Yu-Hsuan Chen, Sung-Hsin Kuo
We present a rare case of intracardiac myeloid sarcoma (MS) of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and who responds completely well to low-dose radiotherapy. This 19-year-old young man initially presented with AML and received standard chemotherapy followed by allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). However, he developed intracardiac isolated MS relapse with the presentation of exertional dyspnea and superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome 3 years later. He then received radiotherapy with 24 Gy at a 12 daily fractions using forward "field in field" intensity modulated radiotherapy technique...
June 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Hiroshi Kato, Shoichi Kubota, Takuya Goto, Koichi Inoue, Naohiko Oku, Toshihiro Haba, Makoto Yamamoto
AIMS: We sought to establish the technical feasibility of transseptal puncture and left atrial (LA) ablation through the right internal jugular vein via the superior vena cava (SVC) approach in patients with an interrupted inferior vena cava (IVC). METHODS AND RESULTS: A 34-year-old man with persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) and polysplenia syndrome (hypoplasia of the left kidney, aplasia of the pancreas tail, bilaterally bilobed lungs, and an interrupted IVC) was referred to our hospital for radiofrequency ablation...
May 12, 2016: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
Sritika Thapa, Peter B Terry, Biren B Kamdar
BACKGROUND: Hemodialysis (HD) catheters are frequently inserted into the superior vena cava (SVC), and can lead to thrombotic complications. However, to our knowledge, HD catheter-related thrombosis leading to subsequent SVC syndrome, bacteremia, and pulmonary emboli has not been described. CASE PRESENTATION: A 28-year-old dialysis-dependent woman with IgA nephropathy developed facial swelling, head pressure, headache, nausea, dizziness and fever 6 weeks after right internal jugular (IJ) HD catheter placement...
2016: BMC Research Notes
Kristen L Sessions, Jason H Anderson, Jonathan N Johnson, Nathaniel W Taggart
SVC obstruction is a rare acute complication after bicaval cardiac transplantation and can be catastrophic for the patient. Herein, we report the case of a child who developed SVC thrombosis causing acute SVC syndrome nine days after heart transplantation. Thrombolysis was successfully performed using the AngioJet(™) system and subsequent balloon angioplasty with re-establishment of flow. This procedure allowed for revascularization without repeat sternotomy or stent implantation. The patient is well without recurrence at last follow-up...
April 19, 2016: Pediatric Transplantation
Stéphane Breault, Francesco Doenz, Anne-Marie Jouannic, Salah Dine Qanadli
BACKGROUND: The vast majority of superior vena cava (SVC) syndromes are of malignant causes, but with growing use of indwelling central catheters and implanted cardiac devices, benign SVC syndromes are becoming more frequent. The main objective of this study is to evaluate long term outcome in patients treated for benign SVC syndrome by endovascular techniques. METHODS: Forty-four patients, 26 men and 18 women, mean age 56, treated for benign SVC syndrome using endovascular techniques between 2002 and 2015 were included...
April 16, 2016: European Radiology
Mnahi Bin Saeedan, Mashael Alrujaib, Ahmed L Fathala
This is a case report of an extremely rare cause of superior vena cava syndrome with systemic-to-pulmonary venous shunts, illustrated using different imaging modalities with successful SVC and IVC dilatation and stenting.
2016: Case Reports in Radiology
Benjamin Kloesel, Robert W Lekowski
The perioperative management of patients suffering from extensive superior vena cava (SVC) thrombus complicated by SVC syndrome presents unique challenges. The anesthesiologist needs to be prepared for possible thrombus dislodgement resulting in pulmonary embolism and also has to assess the need for fluid resuscitation given the dangers of massive intravenous fluid application via the upper extremities. We present our perioperative approach in management of a patient scheduled for right hepatectomy who was previously diagnosed with extensive SVC and right atrial (RA) thrombus complicated by SVC syndrome...
2016: Case Reports in Anesthesiology
Kathryn L Davis, John C Gurley, Daniel L Davenport, Eleftherios S Xenos
OBJECTIVES: Hemodialysis (HD) patients with superior vena cava (SVC) occlusion have limited access options. Femoral access is commonly employed but is associated with high complication rates. Hemodialysis Reliable Outflow (HeRO) catheters can be used in tunneled catheter-dependent (TCD) patients who have exhausted other access options. The HeRO graft bypasses occlusion and traverses stenosis with outflow directly into the central venous circulation. At our institution we have used the inside-out central venous access technique (IOCVA) to traverse an occluded vena cava for HeRO graft placement...
March 2016: Journal of Vascular Access
Hee Jae Jung, Jong Ho Moon, Yun Nah Lee, Hee Kyung Kim, Hyun Jong Choi, Moon Han Choi, Tae Hoon Lee, Sang-Woo Cha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2015: Endoscopic Ultrasound
Nishan Bingham, H James Wallace Iii, Joanne Monterroso, Claire Verschraegen, Brenda L Waters, Christopher J Anker
Radiation therapy (RT) is the standard of care for cases of superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome secondary to metastatic adenopathy. Histologies vary in radiosensitivity and response time, making alternative therapies such as chemotherapy and/or intravenous stenting preferable alternative options for certain diagnoses. Metastatic urothelial carcinoma is a particularly rare cause of SVC syndrome with only 3 cases reported in the literature. Consequently, optimal management remains challenging, particularly in cases of high tumor burden...
2015: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
Feridoun Sabzi, Donya Khosravi, Maryamosadat Hosseini, Reza Faraji
BACKGROUND: Ascending aortic dissection (AAD) is a rare and serious complication of aortic valve replacement. Multiple risk factors such as connective tissue disease, aortic wall thinning, aortic diameter, calcification of wall, structural features of aortic wall and associated diseases have been considered as a predisposing factor for the occurrences of AAD. Preoperative recognition of these variables with proper intra intra operative logic judgment may decrease the incidence of this complication...
July 2015: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Hye Rin Kim, Seung Min Yoo, Hwa Yeon Lee, Ji Young Rho, Woo In Yang, Jae Youn Moon, Charles S White
We describe a patient with an asymptomatic complete unroofed coronary sinus (CS) syndrome associated with the CS stenosis in the absence of a persistent left superior vena cava (SVC) as identified on coronary computed tomography angiography. There was a large defect between the CS and the left atrium (i.e. a large left-to-right shunt), but an unusual combination of the absence of a persistent left SVC (i.e. no risk for brain abscess due to the absence of a right-to-left shunt) and the CS stenosis (i.e. a markedly reduced degree of a left-to-right shunt), resulting in an asymptomatic presentation...
July 2015: Iranian Journal of Radiology: a Quarterly Journal Published By the Iranian Radiological Society
Mohammed S Al-Natour, Pouya Entezami, Munier M S Nazzal, Andrew B Casabianca, Ragheb Assaly, Kalen Riley, Daniel Gaudin
Thirty-seven-year old female with hydrocephalus managed by a ventriculoatrial (VA) shunt presented with upper body edema, dysphagia, and headache. Imaging demonstrated thrombosis of the superior vena cava (SVC). Direct catheter thrombolysis led to resolution of thrombus burden. Superior vena cava thrombosis is a rare consequence of VA shunting and must be managed emergently.
October 2015: Clinical Case Reports
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