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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432646/is-there-a-role-for-ivabradine-in-the-contemporary-management-of-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure-in-academic-and-community-heart-failure-clinics-in-canada
#1
Sherryn Roth, Carlos Fernando, Sadia Azeem, Gordon W Moe
INTRODUCTION: In patients with heart failure (HF) and reduced ejection fraction, increased heart rate (HR) is an independent risk factor for adverse outcomes. In systolic HF treatment with the If inhibitor ivabradine trial (SHIFT), Ivabradine improved survival when added to conventional treatment including β-blockers. However, the extent of benefit in the real world is unclear. We examined the characteristics of patients on guideline-directed therapy and determined who had SHIFT-like characteristics...
April 21, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432528/conventional-acupuncture-for-cardiac-arrhythmia-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#2
Jing Liu, Si-Nai Li, Lu Liu, Kun Zhou, Yan Li, Xiao-Yun Cui, Jie Wan, Jin-Jin Lu, Yan-Chao Huang, Xu-Sheng Wang, Qian Lin
OBJECTIVE: To exam the effect and safety of conventional acupuncture (CA) on cardiac arrhythmia. METHODS: Nine medical databases were searched until February 2016 for randomized controlled trials. Heterogeneity was measured by Cochran Q test. Meta-analysis was conducted if I(2) was less than 85% and the characteristics of included trials were similar. RESULTS: Nine qualified studies involving 638 patients were included. Only 1 study had definitely low risk of bias, while 7 trials were rated as unclear and 1 as high...
April 22, 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432297/high-probability-of-comorbidities-in-bronchial-asthma-in-germany
#3
S Heck, S Al-Shobash, D Rapp, D D Le, A Omlor, A Bekhit, M Flaig, B Al-Kadah, W Herian, R Bals, S Wagenpfeil, Q T Dinh
Clinical experience has shown that allergic and non-allergic respiratory, metabolic, mental, and cardiovascular disorders sometimes coexist with bronchial asthma. However, no study has been carried out that calculates the chance of manifestation of these disorders with bronchial asthma in Saarland and Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. Using ICD10 diagnoses from health care institutions, the present study systematically analyzed the co-prevalence and odds ratios of comorbidities in the asthma population in Germany...
April 21, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431722/rosai-dorfman-disease-of-right-atrium-mimicking-myxoma
#4
Surendra Nath Khanna, Krishna Subramony Iyer, Mathews Paul, S Radhakrishnan, Arun K Rathi
Rosai-Dorfman disease, or sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy, is a rare multisystemic disorder that was first reported by Rosai and Dorfman in 1969. It is a distinct histioproliferative disorder due to overproduction of histiocytes, which accumulate in lymph nodes. The cardiac involvement of this disease is extremely rare, and until now, only 18 cases have been reported. We report the case of a 53-year-old woman with right atrial mass mimicking myxoma, which the histopathologic evaluation revealed to be Rosai-Dorfman disease of the right atrium...
May 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431721/intra-aortic-missile-after-gunshot-wound-to-chest-an-interesting-case-of-traumatic-cardiac-injury
#5
Charles D Fraser, Lee Goeddel, Nishant D Patel, Said C Azoury, Joshua C Grimm, Rosanne B Sheinberg, Christopher M Sciortino
Missile embolus to the heart, although uncommon, is one of the most challenging scenarios in trauma. We describe a 36-year-old man who presented with a gunshot wound to the left chest and a chest x-ray revealing a foreign body in the mediastinum. A median sternotomy was performed and an injury to the left ventricle was identified. After intraoperative echocardiography and fluoroscopy confirmed a foreign body in the aortic root, cardiopulmonary bypass was implemented. A bullet was retrieved from the noncoronary sinus of the aortic valve...
May 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431610/duration-of-paroxysmal-atrial-fibrillation-in-cryptogenic-stroke-is-not-associated-with-stroke-severity-and-early-outcomes
#6
Chrissoula Liantinioti, Konstantinos Tympas, Aristeidis H Katsanos, John Parissis, Maria Chondrogianni, Christina Zompola, Georgios Papadimitropoulos, Michael Ioakeimidis, Sokratis Triantafyllou, Andromaxi Roussopoulou, Konstantinos Voumvourakis, John Lekakis, Gerasimos Filippatos, Leonidas Stefanis, Georgios Tsivgoulis
The current definition of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) requires an arbitrary cut-off of >30s, but in clinical practice cryptogenic stroke (CS) patients with PAF duration of ≤30s are not usually excluded from anticoagulation therapy. We sought to evaluate the clinical relevance of short-duration (≤30s) PAF in CS. Consecutive CS patients with no prior AF history and sinus-rhythm on baseline electrocardiography (ECG) were prospectively evaluated over a three-year period. Baseline stroke severity was assessed by NIHSS-scores...
May 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431144/effect-of-body-mass-index-on-venous-sinus-pressures-in-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension-patients-before-and-after-endovascular-stenting
#7
Daniel M S Raper, Dale Ding, Thomas J Buell, R Webster Crowley, Robert M Starke, Kenneth C Liu
BACKGROUND: Elevated body mass index (BMI) has been correlated with worse outcomes after treatment for idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). Venous sinus stenting (VSS) has emerged as a safe and effective treatment for a subset of patients with IIH and evidence of venous sinus stenosis. However, the association between BMI and the efficacy of VSS remains poorly characterized. OBJECTIVE: To determine, in a retrospective cohort study, the effect of BMI on preoperative mean intracranial venous pressure (MVP) and post-VSS outcomes...
April 20, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431133/prediction-of-sudden-and-non-sudden-cardiac-death-in-post-infarction-patients-with-reduced-left-ventricular-ejection-fraction-by-periodic-repolarization-dynamics-madit-ii-substudy
#8
Konstantinos D Rizas, Scott McNitt, Wolfgang Hamm, Steffen Massberg, Stefan Kääb, Wojciech Zareba, Jean-Philippe Couderc, Axel Bauer
Aims: To test the value of Periodic Repolarization Dynamics (PRD), a recently validated electrocardiographic marker of sympathetic activity, as a novel approach to predict sudden cardiac death (SCD) and non-sudden cardiac death (N-SCD) and to improve identification of patients that profit from ICD-implantation. Methods and results: We included 856 post-infarction patients with left-ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤30% of the MADIT-II trial in sinus rhythm...
April 18, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431066/limited-left-atrial-surgical-ablation-effectively-treats-atrial-fibrillation-but-decreases-left-atrial-function
#9
Marieke G Compier, Laurens F Tops, Jerry Braun, Katja Zeppenfeld, Robert J Klautz, Martin J Schalij, Serge A Trines
Aims: Limited left atrial (LA) surgical ablation with bipolar radiofrequency is considered to be an effective procedure for treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF). We studied whether limited LA surgical ablation concomitant to cardiac surgery is able to maintain LA function. Methods and Results: Thirty-six consecutive patients (age 66 ± 12 years, 53% male, 78% persistent AF) scheduled for valve surgery and/or coronary revascularization and concomitant LA surgical ablation were included...
April 1, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431056/long-term-outcome-of-transvenous-pacemaker-implantation-in-infants-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#10
Laura M Vos, Janneke A E Kammeraad, Matthias W Freund, Andreas C Blank, Johannes M P J Breur
Aim: Evaluation of long-term outcome of transvenous pacemaker (PM) implantation in infants. Methods and Results: A retrospective analysis of all transvenous PM implantations in infants <10 kg between September 1997 and October 2001 was made. Indications for PM implantation, age at implantation, and determinants of long-term outcome including cardiac function, PM function, and PM (system) complications were noted. Seven patients underwent transvenous VVI(R) PM implantation...
April 1, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431008/diabetes-mellitus-as-the-major-risk-factor-for-mucormycosis-in-mexico-epidemiology-diagnosis-and-outcomes-of-reported-cases
#11
Dora E Corzo-León, Luis D Chora-Hernández, Ana P Rodríguez-Zulueta, Thomas J Walsh
Mucormycosis is an emerging infectious disease with high rates of associated mortality and morbidity. Little is known about the characteristics of mucormycosis or entomophthoromycosis occurring in Mexico. A search strategy was performed of literature published in journals found in available databases and theses published online at Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM) library website reporting clinical cases or clinical case series of mucormycosis and entomophthoromycosis occurring in Mexico between 1982 and 2016...
April 20, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431004/a-giant-compressive-non-coronary-valsalva-sinus-aneurysm
#12
Christophe Le Terrier, Adela Rohnean, Nizar Khelil, Ivan Philip
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431002/inappropriate-sinus-tachycardia-in-a-heart-transplant-successfully-treated-with-ivabradine
#13
Nishaki Mehta, Aneesh Bapat, Usha Tedrow, William Gregory Stevenson, Bruce Koplan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430347/hypopharyngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-and-laryngeal-neuroendocrine-carcinoma-colliding-in-the-aryepiglottic-fold-a-case-report
#14
Roberta Marangoni, Simone Mauramati, Giulia Bertino, Antonio Occhini, Marco Benazzo, Patrizia Morbini
PURPOSE: A collision tumor consists of 2 different histologically distinct and topographically independent tumors merging in the same mass. In the head and neck region they are rare, with only 4 cases reported in the larynx. CASE REPORT: A 60-year-old heavy smoker complained of a left submandibular lesion in October 2014. The lesion was excised and showed a poorly differentiated carcinoma, suggestive for adenocarcinoma. After a positron emission tomography-computed tomography scan showed increased metabolic activity in the left laterocervical region and right vocal cord, the patient underwent endoscopic biopsy of the lesion of the left piriform sinus, which was positive for moderately differentiated squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)...
April 14, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430293/three-cases-of-ectopic-sphenoid-sinus-pituitary-adenoma
#15
Ernest Jan Bobeff, Karol Wiśniewski, Wielisław Papierz, Ludomir Stefańczyk, Dariusz Jan Jaskólski
<i><b>Introduction</b>: Ectopic sphenoid sinus pituitary adenoma is a rare tumour originating from embryologic remnants of Rathke's pouch. Although it is considered a clinically benign neoplasm, necrosis is encountered in 25% of cases and it can invade adjacent bone structures. <b>Aims</b>: To establish clinical, radiological and histopathological features of ectopic sphenoid sinus pituitary adenoma. <b>Material and methods: </b> Analysis of three cases: two females and one man, aged 61-70...
2017: Folia Neuropathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430116/ghrelin-expression-and-significance-in-92-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation
#16
Tianyi Ma, Yujiang Su, Shijuan Lu, Moshui Chen, Jianghua Zhong, Zhihong Zhou, Dingjun Sun, Hui Yang, Xue Ao
OBJECTIVE: Ghrelin is a polypeptide that is closely associated with many cardiovascular diseases, such as hypertension, atherosclerosis, and heart failure. This article aims to understand the expression of ghrelin in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS: A total of 182 patients with non-valvular heart diseases were recruited, among whom 92 had AF and 90 had sinus arrhythmia (SA). The serum ghrelin amount was tested by the ELASA method. Moreover, blood sugar, lipids, liver function, and renal function were tested...
April 10, 2017: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429855/coincidence-of-mandibular-fractures-with-isolated-posterior-maxillary-sinus-fractures
#17
Sebastian Blatt, Roman Rahimi-Nedjat, Keyvan Sagheb, Lisa Piechowiak, Christian Walter, Dan Brüllmann
BACKGROUND/AIM: There is no data available to show whether there is a relationship between mandibular fractures and isolated fractures of the posterior and/or latera wals of the maxillary sinus. The aim of this study was to determine whether there is a coincidence between these fracture patterns. METHODS: Four hundred large volume cone beam computed tomography scans (CBCT) of patients with a fracture of the mandible between 2008 and 2013 were analyzed retrospectively...
April 21, 2017: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429690/-our-experience-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-postural-orthostatic-tachycardia-syndrome-vasovagal-syncope-and-inappropriate-sinus-tachycardia-in-children
#18
Sezen Ugan Atik, Reyhan Dedeoğlu, Aida Koka, Funda Öztunç
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to share our experience in the diagnosis and treatment of patients who presented at our clinic with syncope, pre-syncope, dizziness, and palpitations. STUDY DESIGN: Patients who were treated at pediatric cardiology clinic for complaints of syncope, dizziness, and palpitations between 2014 and 2016 were enrolled in the study. Detailed history of the patients, physical examination findings, laboratory and electrocardiogram results were recorded...
April 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429616/advanced-surgical-technique-for-invasive-fungal-sinusitis-endoscopic-orbit-sinus-combined-approach
#19
Kunihiro Nishimura, Yasuhiro Takahashi, Yuka Yamagishi, Shinya Banno, Yasue Uchida, Tohru Tanigawa, Munekazu Naito, Hirohiko Kakizaki, Hiromi Ueda, Tetsuya Ogawa
BACKGROUND: Invasive fungal sinusitis is usually associated with poor prognosis, but no clear guidelines have been established for surgical treatment. Here, we report the development and application of the endoscopic orbit-sinus combined approach (EOSCA), a novel surgical technique to approach the nasal cavity and orbit concurrently, in patients with invasive fungal sinusitis with orbital infiltration. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two patients with invasive fungal sinusitis infiltrating the orbit underwent EOSCA...
April 21, 2017: Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies: MITAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429607/thalamic-hemorrhagic-stroke-in-the-term-newborn-a-specific-neonatal-syndrome-with-non-uniform-outcome
#20
Laura Merlini, Sylviane Hanquinet, Joel Fluss
BACKGROUND: Neonatal thalamic hemorrhagic stroke is related to cerebral sinus venous thrombosis and associated with neurological sequelae. Predicting factors are however lacking. METHODS: Clinical and radiological findings at onset and on follow-up of 5 neonates with thalamic hemorrhage stroke are described. RESULTS: All neonates presented with abrupt lethargy, ophistotonos, irritability and/or seizures. The thalamic hemorrhagic stroke was most often unilateral (4/5), involving the posterior/entire thalamus in 3 cases and the anterior thalamus in 2...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Child Neurology
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