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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812189/nutrient-intake-of-swiss-toddlers
#1
Thomas A Brunner, Luca Casetti, Petra Haueter, Pascal Müller, Andreas Nydegger, Johannes Spalinger
PURPOSE: During the first years of life, food preferences are shaped that might last throughout a person's entire life affecting his/her health in the long term. However, knowledge on early feeding habits is still limited for toddlers. Therefore, the goal of the present study was to: (1) assess toddlers' nutrient intake; (2) compare the findings to past studies as well as to national feeding recommendations and (3) identify major food sources for energy and macronutrients. METHODS: A food survey using a 4-day diary was conducted...
August 10, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808073/unintentional-cannabis-intoxication-in-toddlers
#2
Isabelle Claudet, Sébastien Mouvier, Magali Labadie, Cécile Manin, Anne-Pascale Michard-Lenoir, Didier Eyer, Damien Dufour
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In France, cannabis consumption is illegal. The health impact of its increasing use and higher tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) concentrations is still poorly documented, particularly that of unintentional pediatric intoxications. We sought to evaluate the French national trend of admissions for unintentional cannabis intoxication in children over an 11-year period (2004-2014). METHODS: A retrospective, national, multicenter, observational study of a pediatric cohort...
August 14, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806450/evaluation-of-combination-measles-mumps-rubella-varicella-vaccine-introduction-in-australia
#3
Kristine Macartney, Heather F Gidding, Lieu Trinh, Han Wang, Aditi Dey, Brynley Hull, Karen Orr, Jocelynne McRae, Peter Richmond, Michael Gold, Nigel Crawford, Jennifer A Kynaston, Peter McIntyre, Nicholas Wood
Importance: Incorporating combination vaccines, such as the measles-mumps-rubella-varicella (MMRV) vaccine, into immunization schedules should be evaluated from a benefit-risk perspective. Use of MMRV vaccine poses challenges due to a recognized increased risk of febrile seizures (FSs) when used as the first dose in the second year of life. Conversely, completion by age 2 years of measles, mumps, rubella, and varicella immunization may offer improved disease control. Objective: To evaluate the effect on safety and coverage of earlier (age 18 months) scheduling of MMRV vaccine as the second dose of measles-containing vaccine (MCV) in Australia...
August 14, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805200/-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-neonate-and-toddler-the-rome-iv-criteria
#4
REVIEW
Barbara Iwańczak, Franciszek Iwańczak
Functional disorders of the gastrointestinal tract in infants and children are very frequent. To the most common belong: infant colic, regurgitation and functional constipation. In the year 2016 modified IV Rome criteria of functional gastrointestinal disorders were published. In the current work the authors discuss diagnostic criteria and therapy in regurgitation, rumination syndrome in infants, cyclic vomiting syndrome, infant colic, infant dyschezia and functional constipation in children younger than four years...
July 21, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804749/morphine-versus-methadone-treatment-for-neonatal-withdrawal-and-impact-on-early-infant-development
#5
Sharon Burke, Anna Malia Beckwith
Objective. Compare developmental outcomes in infants treated with morphine versus methadone. Method. Retrospective chart review of newborns identified through use of ICD-9 code for neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). Thirty-six infants were evaluated-17 treated with methadone and 19 treated with morphine. Assessment was completed following treatment using the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development-Third Edition (Bayley-III). Scores in Cognitive, Language, and Motor domains were compared. Results. Comparison of scores between morphine- and methadone-treated groups revealed differences in mean Cognitive Composite (91...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803559/rethinking-the-idea-of-late-autism-spectrum-disorder-onset
#6
Elizabeth C Bacon, Eric Courchesne, Cynthia Carter Barnes, Debra Cha, Sunny Pence, Laura Schreibman, Aubyn C Stahmer, Karen Pierce
A common theory of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) symptom onset includes toddlers who do not display symptoms until well after age 2, which are termed late-onset ASD cases. Objectives were to analyze differences in clinical phenotype between toddlers identified as ASD at initial evaluations (early diagnosed) versus those initially considered nonspectrum, then later identified as ASD (late diagnosed). Two hundred seventy-three toddlers recruited from the general population based on a failed developmental screening form or parent or physician concerns were followed longitudinally from 12 months and identified as early- and late-diagnosed cases of ASD, language delayed, or typically developing...
August 14, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803507/what-box-a-task-for-assessing-language-lateralization-in-young-children
#7
Nicholas A Badcock, Rachael Spooner, Jessica Hofmann, Atlanta Flitton, Scott Elliott, Lisa Kurylowicz, Louise M Lavrencic, Heather M Payne, Georgina K Holt, Anneka Holden, Owen F Churches, Mark J Kohler, Hannah A D Keage
The assessment of active language lateralization in infants and toddlers is challenging. It requires an imaging tool that is unintimidating, quick to setup, and robust to movement, in addition to an engaging and cognitively simple language processing task. Functional Transcranial Doppler Ultrasound (fTCD) offers a suitable technique and here we report on a suitable method to elicit active language production in young children. The 34-second "What Box" trial presents an animated face "searching" for an object...
August 13, 2017: Laterality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803130/prenatal-phthalate-exposures-and-child-temperament-at-12-and-24-months
#8
Alison B Singer, Mary S Wolff, Manori J Silva, Antonia M Calafat, Stephanie M Engel
INTRODUCTION: Gestational phthalate exposures have been adversely associated with attention, externalizing, and internalizing behaviors in childhood. Early childhood temperament may be a marker of later behavioral patterns. We therefore sought to determine whether gestational phthalate exposures were associated with infant and toddler temperament. METHODS: The Mount Sinai Children's Environmental Health Study is a prospective cohort study of children born between May 1998 and July 2001 in New York City (N=404)...
August 9, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802391/pathophysiology-of-esophageal-impairment-due-to-button-battery-ingestion
#9
Johannes Völker, Christine Völker, Philipp Schendzielorz, Sebastian P Schraven, Andreas Radeloff, Robert Mlynski, Rudolf Hagen, Kristen Rak
BACKGROUND: The increased use of button batteries with high energy densities in devices of daily life presents a high risk of injury, especially for toddlers and young children. If an accidental ingestion of a button battery occurs, this foreign body can become caught in the constrictions of the esophagus and cause serious damage to the adjacent tissue layers. The consequences can be ulcerations, perforations with fistula formation and damage to the surrounding anatomical structures. In order to gain a better understanding of the pathophysiology after ingestion, we carried out systematic studies on fresh preparations of porcine esophagi...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801165/child-care-health-consultation-improves-infant-and-toddler-care
#10
Rosemary Johnston, Beth A DelConte, Libby Ungvary, Richard Fiene, Susan S Aronson
INTRODUCTION: Many families enroll their infants and toddlers in early education and child care programs. The Pennsylvania Chapter of the American Academy of Pediatrics recruited 32 child care centers that care for infants and toddlers to be linked with a child care health consultant (CCHC). METHOD: Project staff assigned the centers alternately to an immediate intervention or a 1-year delayed intervention (contrast) group. At entry into the project, and then 1 and 2 years later, an evaluator assessed center compliance with 13 standards for infants and toddler care selected from Caring for Our Children: National Health and Safety Performance Standards (3rd ed...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800635/design-of-a-cosmetic-glove-stiffness-compensation-mechanism-for-toddler-sized-hand-prostheses
#11
Ronald A Bos, Dick H Plettenburg
The addition of a cosmetic glove to an upper limb prosthesis has a distinct effect on the cosmetic value, but its viscoelastic behaviour adds a substantial amount of stiffness and hysteresis to the system. As a result, the overall usability of the prosthesis is degraded. A novel negative stiffness element is designed to compensate for the cosmetic glove's stiffness. A combination of linear helical springs and the concept of rolling link mechanisms has resulted in a Rolling Stiffness Compensation Mechanism (RSCM)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799855/surgical-management-of-cervical-spine-deformity-in-chondrodysplasia-punctata
#12
Nobuhito Morota, Satoshi Ihara, Hideki Ogiwara, Goichiro Tamura
OBJECTIVE Chondrodysplasia punctata (CDP), a rare skeletal dysplasia, can lead to cervical spine instability and deformity. However, an optimal neurosurgical intervention has yet to be established. Thus, a retrospective study was conducted to assess the efficacy of various surgical interventions for children with CDP. METHODS The authors retrospectively reviewed 9 cases of CDP in which cervical decompression with or without posterior fusion was performed between April 2007 and May 2016. Patient demographics, preoperative clinical conditions, radiographic findings, surgical procedures, and the postoperative course were analyzed in detail...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796794/factors-associated-with-stunting-in-healthy-children-aged-5-years-and-less-living-in-bangui-rca
#13
Pascale Vonaesch, Laura Tondeur, Sébastien Breurec, Petula Bata, Liem Binh Luong Nguyen, Thierry Frank, Alain Farra, Clotaire Rafaï, Tamara Giles-Vernick, Jean Chrysostome Gody, Ionela Gouandjika-Vasilache, Philippe Sansonetti, Muriel Vray
Stunting remains a major public health concern worldwide. Although its global prevalence is slowly decreasing, the actual number of affected children is still rising in Sub-Saharan Africa. In the Central African Republic (CAR), about one third of all children below the age of five are stunted. Stunting is correlated with many long-term consequences, including poor cognitive development and a higher rate of morbidity and mortality, making stunting a major contributor to poverty. In CAR, little is known about the factors that contribute to stunting...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795279/human-health-risk-assessment-and-pahs-in-a-stretch-of-river-ganges-near-kanpur
#14
Pooja Srivastava, T R Sreekrishnan, A K Nema
The presence of 13 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) was measured in a small stretch of river Ganges in Kanpur, using high-performance liquid chromatography equipped with photodiode array detector (HPLC/PDA). Non-carcinogenic risk on human health was calculated in the form of hazardous index. Carcinogenic risk was calculated as chronic daily intake and incremental lifetime cancer risk (ILCR) with the help of monitored PAHs in river water. Due to non-availability of reference dose (RfD) values for all the 13 PAHs, the combined hazardous index for three PAHs was calculated...
August 10, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793161/visuospatial-and-verbal-short-term-memory-correlates-of-vocabulary-ability-in-preschool-children
#15
Stephanie F Stokes, Thomas Klee, Myriam Kornisch, Lisa Furlong
Background: Recent studies indicate that school-age children's patterns of performance on measures of verbal and visuospatial short-term memory (STM) and working memory (WM) differ across types of neurodevelopmental disorders. Because these disorders are often characterized by early language delay, administering STM and WM tests to toddlers could improve prediction of neurodevelopmental outcomes. Toddler-appropriate verbal, but not visuospatial, STM and WM tasks are available. A toddler-appropriate visuospatial STM test is introduced...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792608/an-exploration-of-co-parenting-in-the-context-of-caring-for-a-child-prenatally-diagnosed-and-born-with-a-complex-health-condition
#16
Anne Chevalier Mckechnie, Jamie Rogstad, Katherine M Martin, Karen F Pridham
AIM: To describe co-parenting communication in couples in the context of caregiving for children prenatally diagnosed and born with complex health conditions. BACKGROUND: Fetal diagnosis of complex health conditions such as heart, central nervous system, or abdominal anomalies are confirmed more often than ever before. Following diagnosis, parents face challenges beginning before birth. The quality of co-parenting, when two individuals relate to each other as parents and share parental responsibilities, can have an impact on child health and development...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792607/two-year-olds-can-socially-learn-to-think-divergently
#17
Elena Hoicka, Stephanie Powell, Jenny Knight, Megan Norwood
This study aimed to discover whether 2-year-olds can socially learn to think divergently. Two-year-olds (N = 22) who saw an experimenter model a high level of divergent thinking on the Unusual Box Test (modelling 25 different actions, once each) went on to demonstrate a higher level of divergent thinking themselves than (N = 22) children who saw a low level of modelling (five different actions, once each), where divergent thinking was measured by the number of different actions children produced that had not been modelled by the experimenter...
August 9, 2017: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790973/malignant-cerebellar-edema-subsequent-to-accidental-prescription-opioid-intoxication-in-children
#18
Daniel Duran, Robert D Messina, Lauren A Beslow, Julio D Montejo, Jason K Karimy, Charuta Gavankar Furey, Alison D Sheridan, Gordon Sze, Yanki Yarman, Michael L DiLuna, Kristopher T Kahle
We present two recent cases of toddlers who developed malignant cerebellar edema subsequent to accidental ingestion of prescription opioids. Both children presented acute neurological decline, hydrocephalus, and tonsillar herniation requiring emergent ventricular drain placement, suboccipital craniectomy, and partial cerebellectomy. Together with several other reports, these cases suggest the existence of an uncommon yet severe syndrome of acute opioid-induced malignant cerebellar edema. We hypothesize that the condition results from a combination of primary opioid receptor-mediated changes in neuronal metabolism that are exacerbated by secondary hypoxic insult...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790935/how-infants-and-young-children-learn-about-food-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Manon Mura Paroche, Samantha J Caton, Carolus M J L Vereijken, Hugo Weenen, Carmel Houston-Price
Early childhood is a critical time for establishing food preferences and dietary habits. In order for appropriate advice to be available to parents and healthcare professionals it is essential for researchers to understand the ways in which children learn about foods. This review summarizes the literature relating to the role played by known developmental learning processes in the establishment of early eating behavior, food preferences and general knowledge about food, and identifies gaps in our knowledge that remain to be explored...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789771/developmental-changes-in-maternal-education-and-minimal-exposure-effects-on-vocabulary-in-english-and-spanish-learning-toddlers
#20
Margaret Friend, Stephanie DeAnda, Natalia Arias-Trejo, Diane Poulin-Dubois, Pascal Zesiger
The current research follows up on two previous findings: that children with minimal dual-language exposure have smaller receptive vocabularies at 16months of age and that maternal education is a predictor of vocabulary when the dominant language is English but not when it is Spanish. The current study extends this research to 22-month-olds to assess the developmental effects of minimal exposure and maternal education on direct and parent-report measures of vocabulary size. The effects of minimal exposure on vocabulary size are no longer present at 22months of age, whereas maternal education effects remain but only for English speakers...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
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