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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351032/speech-and-language-performance-of-us-born-and-internationally-adopted-toddlers-with-cleft-lip-and-palate
#1
Vioj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351026/the-influences-of-child-intelligibility-and-rate-on-caregiver-responses-to-toddlers-with-and-without-cleft-palate
#2
Jennifer R Frey, Ann P Kaiser, Nancy J Scherer
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the influences of child speech intelligibility and rate on caregivers' linguistic responses. DESIGN: This study compared the language use of children with cleft palate with or without cleft lip (CP±L) and their caregivers' responses. Descriptive analyses of children's language and caregivers' responses and a multilevel analysis of caregiver responsivity were conducted to determine whether there were differences in children's productive language and caregivers' responses to different types of child utterances...
February 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350401/neurodevelopmental-outcome-in-very-preterm-and-very-low-birthweight-infants-born-over-the-past-decade-a-meta-analytic-review
#3
REVIEW
Aurelie Pascal, Paul Govaert, Ann Oostra, Gunnar Naulaers, Els Ortibus, Christine Van den Broeck
AIM: The purpose of this systematic review was to provide an up-to-date global overview of the separate prevalences of motor and cognitive delays and cerebral palsy (CP) in very preterm (VPT) and very-low-birthweight (VLBW) infants. METHOD: A comprehensive search was conducted across four databases. Cohort studies reporting the prevalence of CP and motor or cognitive outcome from 18 months corrected age until 6 years of VPT or VLBW infants born after 2006 were included...
January 19, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349654/the-role-of-mentors-in-early-intervention-referrals-overlooked-views-of-pediatric-residency-training-directors
#4
Nicole Megan Edwards
Objectives There continues to be a pressing need to increase referrals to family-centered early intervention (EI) for more eligible infants and toddlers with inadequate consideration for the role of senior, mentoring professionals. Methods To address a dearth in our understanding, a subset of Pediatric Residency Training Directors shared views on EI, referral, and relevant training efforts. Results Participating directors primarily reported limited understanding of EI. Greater knowledge of family-focused EI correlated with its perceived helpfulness (r = ...
January 18, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347924/causes-of-death-in-hospitalized-children-younger-than-12%C3%A2-years-of-age-in-a-chinese-hospital-a-10%C3%A2-year-study
#5
Yueniu Zhu, Xiaodong Zhu, Mengyan Deng, Hongxia Wei, Mingjun Zhang
BACKGROUND: In China, the majority (77%) of urban children die in hospitals. Hospital-based review could provide insight leading to improvements in clinical practice and increase the survival of critically ill children. The aim of the present study is to identify the trends of immediate causes and chronic underlying diseases associated with deaths of children at one of the largest teaching hospitals in China over a period of 10 years (2006-2015). METHODS: A retrospective analysis of data of all children aged 1 month to 11 years who died at Xinhua Hospital between 2006 and 2015...
January 18, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346337/notes-from-the-field-baylisascaris-procyonis-encephalomyelitis-in-a-toddler-king-county-washington-2017
#6
Vance Kawakami, Amanda Casto, Niranjana Natarajan, Anna Snyder, Jonathan Mosser, Jesse Bonwitt, Matthew P Kronman, Meagan Kay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341252/painful-procedures-can-affect-postnatal-growth-and-neurodevelopment-in-preterm-infants
#7
Caterina Coviello, Marina Popple Martinez, Livia Drovandi, Corsini Iuri, Valentina Leonardi, Clara Lunardi, Carla Antonelli, Simone Pratesi, Carlo Dani
AIM: This Italian study evaluated whether painful procedures during the first four weeks of life were related to subsequent weight gain, head circumference (HC) and neurodevelopmental outcomes in preterm infants, METHODS: We evaluated the number of invasive procedures that infants born at less than 32 weeks of gestational age (GA) underwent in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of Careggi Hospital, Florence from January to December 2015. Weight and HC were recorded at birth, 36 weeks of PMA and six and 12 months of CA...
January 17, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339115/toddler-drinks-formulas-and-milks-labeling-practices-and-policy-implications
#8
Jennifer L Pomeranz, Maria J Romo Palafox, Jennifer L Harris
Toddler drinks are a growing category of drinks marketed for young children 9-36 months old. Medical experts do not recommend them, and public health experts raise concerns about misleading labeling practices. In the U.S., the toddler drink category includes two types of products: transition formulas, marketed for infants and toddlers 9-24 months; and toddler milks, for children 12-36 months old. The objective of this study was to evaluate toddler drink labeling practices in light of U.S. food labeling policy and international labeling recommendations...
January 12, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338487/acupuncture-treatments-for-infantile-colic-a-systematic-review-and-individual-patient-data-meta-analysis-of-blinding-test-validated-randomised-controlled-trials
#9
Holgeir Skjeie, Trygve Skonnord, Mette Brekke, Atle Klovning, Arne Fetveit, Kajsa Landgren, Inger Kristensson Hallström, Kjetil Gundro Brurberg
OBJECTIVE: Needle acupuncture in small children has gained some acceptance in Western medicine. It is controversial, as infants and toddlers are unable to consent to treatment. We aimed to assess its efficacy for treating infantile colic. DESIGN: A systematic review and a blinding-test validation based on individual patient data from randomised controlled trials. Primary end-points were crying time at mid-treatment, at the end of treatment and at a 1-month follow-up...
January 17, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335435/placental-morphology-is-associated-with-maternal-depressive-symptoms-during-pregnancy-and-toddler-psychiatric-problems
#10
Marius Lahti-Pulkkinen, Melissa Jane Cudmore, Eva Haeussner, Christoph Schmitz, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Esa Hämäläinen, Pia M Villa, Susanna Mehtälä, Eero Kajantie, Hannele Laivuori, Rebecca M Reynolds, Hans-Georg Frank, Katri Räikkönen
Maternal depressive symptoms during pregnancy predict increased psychiatric problems in children. The underlying biological mechanisms remain unclear. Hence, we examined whether alterations in the morphology of 88 term placentas were associated with maternal depressive symptoms during pregnancy and psychiatric problems in 1.9-3.1-years old (Mean = 2.1 years) toddlers. Maternal depressive symptoms were rated biweekly during pregnancy with the Center of Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (n = 86)...
January 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333635/the-changing-relationship-between-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-and-cognition-in-very-preterm-infants
#11
Jane E Brumbaugh, Tarah T Colaizy, Neel M Patel, Jonathan M Klein
AIM: To characterize the relationship between bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) severity and cognition in the post-surfactant era. METHODS: This was a single-center retrospective analysis of a cohort of infants born 2009-2012. Inclusion criteria were: admission within 48 hours of birth, gestational age 22-0/7-31-6/7 weeks, birth weight 400-1500 g, and Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development-III testing at 18-26 months corrected age. Infants (n=151) were classified by BPD severity with the NIH Workshop definition...
January 15, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333015/a-profile-of-pediatric-solid-tumors-a-single-institution-experience-in-kashmir
#12
Namita Sharma, Ayesha Ahmad, Gull M Bhat, Sheikh A Aziz, Mohammad Maqbool Lone, Nisar A Bhat
Aims: The purpose of this retroprospective study was to study the epidemiological characteristics and outcomes of children with solid tumors at our institution. Subjects and Methods: Three hundred and three pediatrics patients registered at Regional Cancer Centre (RCC), Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences (SKIMS), Srinagar, Kashmir, between January 2008 and June 2014, were analyzed with regard to demographic status, presenting complaints, investigations, treatment, morbidity, and outcomes...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332860/impact-of-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-on-body-mass-index-weight-and-height-of-infants-and-toddlers-an-infant-survey
#13
Hiroshi Yokomichi, Hiroko Matsubara, Mami Ishikuro, Masahiro Kikuya, Tsuyoshi Isojima, Susumu Yokoya, Noriko Kato, Toshiaki Tanaka, Shoichi Chida, Atsushi Ono, Mitsuaki Hosoya, Soichiro Tanaka, Shinichi Kuriyama, Shigeo Kure, Zentaro Yamagata
BACKGROUND: The body mass index (BMI) of preschool children from 4 years of age through primary school has increased since the Great East Japan Earthquake, but that of children aged under 3 years has not been studied. This study evaluated how the anthropometrics of younger children changed following the earthquake. METHODS: Height and weight data of children living in northeast Japan were collected from 3-, 6-, 18-, and 42-month child health examinations. We compared the changes in BMI, weight, and height among infants affected by the earthquake between their 3- and 6-month health examinations, toddlers affected at 21-30 months of age (affected groups), and children who experienced the earthquake after their 42-month child health examination (unaffected group)...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331681/endogenous-cortisol-in-keratinized-matrices-systematic-determination-of-baseline-cortisol-levels-in-hair-and-the-influence-of-sex-age-and-hair-color
#14
T M Binz, L Rietschel, F Streit, M Hofmann, J Gehrke, M Herdener, B B Quednow, N G Martin, M Rietschel, T Kraemer, M R Baumgartner
The measurement of hair cortisol is increasingly used to measure long-term cumulative cortisol levels and investigate its role as an important stress mediator. In this study a comparative statistical analysis of five independent studies (all analyzed in our laboratory) was performed to investigate baseline ranges of cortisol values in hair and evaluate potential influences of sex, age and hair color. Cortisol concentrations in hair of 554 subjects were measured and a comparative statistical analysis was performed...
December 24, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331364/picky-eating-pressuring-feeding-and-growth-in-toddlers
#15
Julie C Lumeng, Alison L Miller, Danielle Appugliese, Katherine Rosenblum, Niko Kaciroti
Several common theoretical frameworks have posited causal pathways between picky eating, pressuring feeding, and growth in early childhood. The evidence to support these pathways is limited. This observational cohort study sought to examine the cross-lagged associations between mother-reported pressuring feeding, mother-reported child picky eating, and measured weight-for-length z-score (WLZ) across child ages 21, 27, and 33 months (n = 244). Cross-lagged analysis was used to evaluate longitudinal associations between these three constructs...
January 10, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330315/outcome-of-preterm-infants-with-postnatal-cytomegalovirus-infection
#16
Julia Gunkel, Linda S de Vries, Marian Jongmans, Corine Koopman-Esseboom, Ingrid C van Haastert, Maria C J Eijsermans, Carolien van Stam, Bert G A van Zanten, Tom F W Wolfs, Joppe Nijman
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether preterm infants with postnatal cytomegalovirus infection develop neurologic sequelae in early childhood. METHODS: Infants <32 weeks' gestation were prospectively screened for cytomegalovirus (CMV) at term-equivalent age. Neurodevelopment was compared between CMV-positive and CMV-negative infants by using the Griffiths Mental Development Scales (GMDS) at 16 months' corrected age (CA); the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, Third Edition or the GMDS at 24 to 30 months' CA; and the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence, Third Edition and Movement Assessment Battery for Children, Second Edition at 6 years of age...
January 12, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330019/parental-decisional-regret-and-views-about-optimal-timing-of-female-genital-restoration-surgery-in-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia
#17
Konrad M Szymanski, Benjamin Whittam, Martin Kaefer, Heather Frady, Jessica T Casey, Vi T Tran, Mark P Cain, Richard C Rink
PURPOSE: The role of female genital restoration surgery (FGRS) in girls with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is controversial, with no long-term parent-reported outcomes available. Decisional regret (DR) affects most parents after their children's treatment of pediatric conditions, including hypospadias. We aimed to assess parental DR after FGRS in infancy or toddlerhood and explore optimal timing for surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One-hundred and six parents of females with CAH undergoing FGRS before 3 years old and followed at our institution (1999-2017) were invited to enroll online...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329266/relative-validity-of-a-24-h-recall-in-assessing-intake-of-key-nutrients-in-a-cohort-of-australian-toddlers
#18
Elizabeth Beaton, Janine Wright, Gemma Devenish, Loc Do, Jane Scott
There is limited information concerning the dietary intake of toddlers in Australia. Consequently, there is a need for studies investigating toddler intake that use dietary assessment measures that are valid and place a low participant burden on caregivers. The aim of this study was to determine the relative validity of a single 24-h dietary recall (24HR) in measuring the intake of five nutrients in a cohort of Australian toddlers compared to a combined 24HR and 2-day estimated food record (2DFR). A single 24HR and a 2DFR were collected from a cohort of Australian toddlers (n = 699) at approximately 12 months of age as part of the Study of Mothers' and Infants' Life Events affecting oral health (SMILE) project...
January 12, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329169/differences-in-immunization-site-pain-in-toddlers-vaccinated-with-either-the-10-or-the-13-valent-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine
#19
Johannes Trück, Sarah Kelly, Sena Jawad, Matthew D Snape, Merryn Voysey, Andrew J Pollard
We investigated immediate immunization pain in 12-month-old children randomized to receive a booster dose of either the 10- (PCV-10) or the 13-valent (PCV-13) pneumococcal conjugate vaccine. Pain was assessed using validated pain assessment tools and crying time. PCV-13 recipients had significantly higher scores on the observer-rated modified behavioral pain scale than did those receiving PCV-10, but the differences were small.Clinical trial registration at Clinicaltrials.gov (NCT01443416).
January 10, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325155/sleep-findings-in-brazilian-children-with-congenital-zika-syndrome
#20
Luciana Pinato, Erlane M Ribeiro, Rebeka F P Leite, Thayse F Lopes, André L S Pessoa, Leila M Guissoni Campos, Giovanna E Piffer, Ana L D M Souza, Célia M Giacheti
Study Objectives: Zika virus infection during pregnancy may result in congenital Zika syndrome (CZS), whose characteristics are being described. Methods: The present study aimed to investigate the sleep characteristics of 136 infants/toddlers (88 with CZS and 48 with typical development (TD), age and gender matched, 60% girls and 40% boys in both groups) using the Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire. The ages of children in both groups ranged from 5 to 24 months (CZS 15...
January 6, 2018: Sleep
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