keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Toddler

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156870/a-fully-liquid-dtap-ipv-hb-prp-t-hexavalent-vaccine-for-primary-and-booster-vaccination-of-healthy-turkish-infants-and-toddlers
#1
Mehmet Ceyhan, İnci Yıldırım, Hasan Tezer, İlker Devrim, Emmanuel Feroldi
Background/aim: Immunogenicity and safety of a primary series of a fully liquid, hexavalent DTaP-IPV-HB-PRP-T vaccine given at 2, 3, and 4 months of age compared to licensed comparators and a DTaP-IPV-HB-PRP-T booster at 15?18 months were evaluated. Materials and methods: This was a Phase III, randomized, open-label trial. Primary series (no hepatitis B [HB] at birth) of DTaP-IPV-HB-PRP-T (N = 155) (group 1) or licensed control vaccines (DTaP-IPV//PRP-T and standalone HB: N = 155) (group 2) and DTaP-IPV-HB-PRP-T booster were administered...
August 23, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154655/cognitive-functioning-in-toddlerhood-the-role-of-gestational-age-attention-capacities-and-maternal-stimulation
#2
Marjanneke de Jong, Marjolein Verhoeven, Ignace T C Hooge, Arnoldina P G F Maingay-Visser, Louise Spanjerberg, Anneloes L van Baar
Why do many preterm children show delays in development? An integrated model of biological risk, children's capacities, and maternal stimulation was investigated in relation to cognitive functioning at toddler age. Participants were 200 Dutch children (gestational age = 32-41 weeks); 51% boys, 96% Dutch nationality, 71.5% highly educated mothers. At 18 months, attention capacities were measured using eye-tracking, and maternal attention-directing behavior was observed. Cognitive functioning was measured at 24 months using the Bayley-III-NL...
November 20, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154593/shame-and-alienation-related-to-child-maltreatment-links-to-symptoms-across-generations
#3
Rebecca L Babcock Fenerci, Anne P DePrince
OBJECTIVE: The current study investigated associations between appraisals of shame and alienation related to mothers' own experiences of child maltreatment and symptoms across generations-in mothers themselves as well as their toddler/preschool-aged children. METHOD: Mothers who survived maltreatment (N = 113) with a child between the ages of 2 and 5 were recruited to participate in an online study on Maternal Coping, Attachment and Health. Mother participants completed a series of questionnaires, including those that asked about posttrauma appraisals of their own maltreatment experiences as well as their child's and their own mental health symptoms...
November 20, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153421/corrigendum-to-image-guidance-to-aid-pedicle-screw-fixation-of-a-lumbar-fracture-dislocation-injury-in-a-toddler-world-neurosurgery-105-2017-1041-e15-1041-e17
#4
John K Houten, Jonathan Nakhla, Shashank Ghandi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152731/decision-making-under-risk-of-gain-in-young-children-and-mangabey-monkeys
#5
James Rivière, Mathilde Stomp, Elisa Augustin, Alban Lemasson, Catherine Blois-Heulin
In contrast to human adults, risk proneness in the gain domain is usually observed in both young children and non-human primates. It is currently unclear what mechanism might be underlying such economic preferences. We investigated decision-making under risk of gain in toddlers and monkeys. The choices of 2.5-year-old children and red-capped mangabeys (Cercocebus torquatus torquatus) were examined in a gambling task for food reward in which participants have to choose between two options, a secure option and a risky option...
November 20, 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152464/intensivist-based-deep-sedation-using-propofol-for-pediatric-outpatient-flexible-bronchoscopy
#6
Kamal Abulebda, Samer Abu-Sultaneh, Sheikh Sohail Ahmed, Elizabeth A S Moser, Renee C McKinney, Riad Lutfi
AIM: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of sedating pediatric patients for outpatient flexible bronchoscopy. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted for all children, age 17 years or under who underwent flexible bronchoscopy under deep sedation in an outpatient hospital-based setting. Two sedation regimens were used; propofol only or ketamine prior to propofol. Patients were divided into three age groups; infants (less than 12 mo), toddlers (1-3 years) and children (4-17 years)...
November 4, 2017: World Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151847/pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-a-5-year-descriptive-study-from-the-national-trauma-center-in-qatar
#7
Ayman El-Menyar, Rafael Consunji, Hassan Al-Thani, Ahammed Mekkodathil, Gaby Jabbour, Khalid A Alyafei
Background: The epidemiologic characteristics and outcomes of pediatric traumatic brain injury (pTBI) have not been adequately documented from the rapidly developing countries in the Arab Middle East. We aimed to describe the hospital-based epidemiologic characteristics, injury mechanisms, clinical presentation, and outcomes of pTBI and analyze key characteristics and determinant of pTBI that could help to make recommendations for policies to improve their care. Methods: We conducted a retrospective observational study in a level 1 trauma center (2010-2014) for all pTBI patients...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151803/cognitive-consequences-of-trilingualism
#8
Scott R Schroeder, Viorica Marian
Aims and Objectives: The objectives of the present research were to examine the cognitive consequences of trilingualism and explain them relative to the cognitive consequences of bilingualism. Approach: A comparison of cognitive abilities in trilinguals and bilinguals was conducted. In addition, we proposed a cognitive plasticity framework to account for cognitive differences and similarities between trilinguals and bilinguals. Data and Analysis: Three aspects of cognition were analyzed: (1) cognitive reserve in older adults, as measured by age of onset of Alzheimer's disease and mild cognitive impairment; (2) inhibitory control in children and younger adults, as measured by response times on behavioral Simon and flanker tasks; and (3) memory generalization in infants and toddlers, as measured by accuracy on behavioral deferred imitation tasks...
2017: International Journal of Bilingualism: Cross-disciplinary, Cross-linguistic Studies of Language Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151556/-an-integrative-review-of-home-care-service-for-pregnant-women-mothers-infants-and-toddlers-in-vulnerable-group
#9
REVIEW
Dasom Kim, Insook Lee
PURPOSE: This study was intended to integrate the evidence of home care service intervention for mothers and children in vulnerable groups through an integrative literature review. METHODS: We searched the MEDLINE (PubMED), EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, CINAHL, DBpia databases. The quality of the articles was assessed by one doctoral researcher and verified by one professor of community health nursing who had participated in the systematic review of literature...
October 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150208/development-of-a-synthetic-vi-polysaccharide-vaccine-for-typhoid-fever
#10
Yawei Ni, Michael J Springer, Jianhua Guo, Isaac Finger-Baker, James P Wilson, Ronald R Cobb, Debra Turner, Ian Tizard
Typhoid fever remains a serious public health problem with a high impact on toddlers and young children. Vaccines against the Vi capsular polysaccharide are efficacious against typhoid fever demonstrating that antibodies against Vi confer protection. The currently licensed Vi typhoid vaccines have however limited efficacy and are manufactured by a complex process from wild-type bacteria. Due to these inherent issues with the current vaccines, an alternative vaccine based on an O-acetylated high molecular weight (HMW) polygalacturonic acid (GelSite-OAc™) was generated...
November 14, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149854/cardiac-arrest-in-a-toddler-treated-with-propranolol-for-infantile-hemangioma-a-case-report
#11
Alvise Tosoni, Mario Cutrone, Maurizio Dalle Carbonare, Andrea Pettenazzo, Giorgio Perilongo, Stefano Sartori
BACKGROUND: Propranolol has become the first-line treatment for complicated Infantile Hemangioma (IH), showing so far a good risk-benefit profile. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a toddler, on propranolol, who suffered cardiac arrest during an acute viral infection. She had a neurally-mediated syncope that progressed to asystole, probably because of concurrent factors as dehydration, beta-blocking and probably individual susceptibility to vaso-vagal phenomena...
November 17, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148287/does-the-brief-observation-of-social-communication-change-help-moving-forward-in-measuring-change-in-early-autism-intervention-studies
#12
Mirjam Kj Pijl, Nanda Nj Rommelse, Monica Hendriks, Manon Wp De Korte, Jan K Buitelaar, Iris J Oosterling
The field of early autism research is in dire need of outcome measures that adequately reflect subtle changes in core autistic behaviors. This article compares the ability of a newly developed measure, the Brief Observation of Social Communication Change (BOSCC), and the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS) to detect changes in core symptoms of autism in 44 toddlers. The results provide encouraging evidence for the Brief Observation of Social Communication Change as a candidate outcome measure, as reflected in sufficient inter- and intra-rater reliability, independency from other child characteristics, and sensitivity to capture change...
December 1, 2016: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147839/screening-accuracy-of-the-brief-infant-toddler-social-emotional-assessment-to-identify-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-toddlers-born-at-less-than-30%C3%A2-weeks-gestation
#13
Kelly M Boone, Anne K Brown, Sarah A Keim
Despite the higher prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in children born preterm, valid screening tools for use in preterm populations are lacking. We aimed to evaluate the screening accuracy of the Brief Infant Toddler Social-Emotional Assessment (BITSEA) and to compare it to the Pervasive Developmental Disorders Screening Test-II, Stage 2, Developmental Clinic Screener (PDDST-II-DCS) in identifying ASD diagnosis in toddlers born at < 30 weeks' gestation. Caregivers (94% mothers) of 555 children completed questionnaires (BITSEA, PDDST-II-DCS, socio-demographics) when the children (58% male) were 18-36 months...
November 17, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145909/-a-toddler-with-nightly-vomiting-and-pain-in-the-abdomen
#14
K de Graaf, M R Ernst-Kruis, R W B Bottema
A 4-year-old boy was referred to the emergency department with four days of nightly vomiting after ingestion of a marble. Abdominal X-ray showed the marble in the antrum of the stomach. The marble was successfully removed by endoscopy. X-rays detect 86% of all glass objects and should therefore be considered as diagnostic option by ingestion of a marble.
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145589/the-abcds-of-pain-management-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial-examining-the-impact-of-a-brief-educational-video-on-infants-and-toddlers-pain-scores-and-parent-soothing-behavior
#15
Rebecca Pillai Riddell, Monica C O'Neill, Lauren Campbell, Anna Taddio, Saul Greenberg, Hartley Garfield
Objectives: To test the efficacy of a brief behavioral pain management strategy (The ABCDs of Needle Pain Management), delivered via video, on infants' and toddlers' pain scores and on parental soothing behavior. Methods: This was a double-blind, parallel trial design. Parent-child dyads (N = 128) were recruited before their child's 6-month (infant) or 18-month (toddler) vaccination in a pediatric clinic and randomly assigned to watch a 5-min treatment video or a placebo video...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143890/paternal-anxiety-in-relation-to-toddler-anxiety-the-mediating-role-of-maternal-behavior
#16
Robert C Gibler, Anne E Kalomiris, Elizabeth J Kiel
Despite robust investigations examining the impact of maternal anxiety and parenting behaviors and child anxiety risk, less is understood about the impact of paternal anxiety and parenting behaviors on child anxiety risk, particularly within the broader family context. An Actor Partner Interdependence Model (APIM) was used to examine whether paternal anxiety longitudinally predicted child anxiety risk indirectly through maternal and paternal parenting behaviors, while controlling for maternal anxiety. Both fathers and mothers of 12- to 30-month-olds (n = 94) provided self-report of their anxiety and parenting behaviors...
November 16, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140927/clinical-trial-designs-and-models-for-analgesic-medications-for-acute-pain-in-neonates-infants-toddlers-children-and-adolescents-acttion-recommendations
#17
Gary A Walco, Ernest A Kopecky, Steven J Weisman, Jennifer Stinson, Bonnie Stevens, Paul J Desjardins, Charles B Berde, Elliot J Krane, Kanwaljeet Js Anand, Myron Yaster, Carlton D Dampier, Robert H Dworkin, Ian Gilron, Anne M Lynn, Lynne G Maxwell, Srinivasa Raja, Bernard Schachtel, Dennis C Turk
Clinical trials to test the safety and efficacy of analgesics across all pediatric age cohorts are needed to avoid inappropriate extrapolation of adult data to children. However, the selection of acute pain models and trial design attributes to maximize assay sensitivity, by pediatric age cohort, remains problematic. Acute pain models used for drug treatment trials in adults are not directly applicable to the pediatric age cohorts - neonates, infants, toddlers, children, and adolescents. Developmental maturation of metabolic enzymes in infants and children must be taken into consideration when designing trials to test analgesic treatments for acute pain...
November 13, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129432/occurrence-and-human-exposure-to-brominated-and-organophosphorus-flame-retardants-via-indoor-dust-in-a-brazilian-city
#18
Joyce Cristale, Tiago Gomes Aragão Belé, Silvia Lacorte, Mary Rosa Rodrigues de Marchi
Indoor dust is considered an important human exposure route to flame retardants (FRs), which has arised concern due the toxic properties of some of these substances. In this study, ten organophosphorus flame retardants (OPFRs), eight polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and four new brominated flame retardants (NBFRs) were determined in indoor dust from different places in Araraquara-SP (Brazil). The sampled places included houses, apartments, offices, primary schools and cars. The analysis of the sample extracts was performed by gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry and two ionization techniques were used (electron ionization - EI; electron capture negative ionization - ECNI)...
November 9, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127891/elevated-maternal-anxiety-in-the-nicu-predicts-worse-fine-motor-outcome-in-vlbw-infants
#19
Michelle M Greene, Beverly Rossman, Paula Meier, Kousiki Patra
AIM: The literature is sparse with respect to the impact of elevated maternal psychological distress in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) on later neurodevelopmental outcome in VLBW infants. The objective of this study is to examine the impact of elevated maternal distress, defined as elevated depression, anxiety and perinatal-specific post-traumatic stress, during the NICU hospitalization on VLBW infant ND outcome at 20months corrected age (CA). METHODS: This was a prospective study of 69 mothers and their VLBW infants recruited in 2011-2012...
November 8, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127870/concentrations-of-several-phthalates-contaminants-in-egyptian-bottled-water-effects-of-storage-conditions-and-estimate-of-human-exposure
#20
Ghada Zaki, Tamer Shoeib
The occurrence and concentrations of six common phthalates were investigated for the first time in bottled water locally produced in the Egyptian market. The compounds investigated were dimethyl phthalate (DMP), diethyl phthalate (DEP), dibutyl phthalate (DBP), n-butyl benzyl phthalate (BBP), diethyl hexyl phthalate (DEHP), and Di-n-octyl phthalate (D-n-OP). A set of 108 bottled water samples from six different commercial brands of water bottled in transparent polyethylene terephthalate (PET) plastic bottles with high density polyethylene (HDPE) plastic caps were investigated...
November 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
keyword
keyword
35998
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"