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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905541/serbian-language-version-of-the-modified-checklist-for-autism-in-toddlers-revised-with-follow-up-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-assessment-of-reliability
#1
Mia Carakovac, Jelena Jovanovic, Marko Kalanj, Nenad Rudic, Olivera Aleksic-Hil, Branko Aleksic, Itzel Bustos Villalobos, Hideki Kasuya, Norio Ozaki, Dusica Lecic-Tosevski, Milica Pejovic-Milovancevic
Early detection of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) has proven to be of high significance, however there is a limited availability of ASD screening tools in Serbian language. In this study we aim to translate, assess reliability and, in part, test the applicability of Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers, Revised, with Follow-Up (M-CHAT R/F) in Serbian Healthcare environment. We screened 128 children in three primary healthcare centres and 20 children in a tertiary psychiatric center, using M-CHAT R/F translated into Serbian language, between December 2014 and October 2015...
December 1, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902668/pneumatosis-intestinalis-due-to-child-abuse
#2
Stephanie Anne Deutsch, Cindy W Christian
Pneumatosis intestinalis (PI) and the presence of portal venous gas (PVG) are commonly considered pathognomonic for necrotizing enterocolitis in the neonatal period; however, these 2 radiographic findings have been documented in all age groups in a variety of clinical settings and medical conditions including respiratory, cardiac, rheumatologic, gastrointestinal disorders, and traumatic injury. In children, intramural dissection of intestinal gas in the absence of clinical symptoms suggestive of necrotizing enterocolitis should raise concern for a traumatic etiology, including injuries sustained from child physical abuse...
November 29, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902652/circulating-antibody-1-and-2-years-after-vaccination-with-the-13-valent-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-in-preterm-compared-with-term-infants
#3
Federico Martinón-Torres, Jacek Wysocki, Kimberly J Center, Hanna Czajka, Ewa Majda-Stanislawska, Felix Omeñaca, Ana Concheiro-Guisan, Francisco Gimenez-Sanchez, Leszek Szenborn, Daniel Blázquez-Gamero, Laura Moreno-Galarraga, Peter C Giardina, Gang Sun, William C Gruber, Daniel A Scott, Alejandra Gurtman
BACKGROUND: Premature infants have lower short-term immune responses to vaccination than term infants, but patterns of antibody persistence in preterm infants over longer periods are not well established. This study assessed the persistence of antibody response to the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) in formerly preterm versus term infants. METHODS: In total, 100 preterm and 100 term infants received PCV13 with routine vaccines at ages 2, 3, 4, and 12 months...
November 28, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897320/speech-and-language-interventions-for-infants-aged-0-to-2-years-at-high-risk-for-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Olena Chorna, Ellyn Hamm, Caitlin Cummings, Ashley Fetters, Nathalie L Maitre
AIM: We evaluated the level of evidence of speech, language, and communication interventions for infants at high-risk for, or with a diagnosis of, cerebral palsy (CP) from 0 to 2 years old. METHOD: We performed a systematic review of relevant terms. Articles were evaluated based on the level of methodological quality and evidence according to A Measurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews (AMSTAR) and Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) guidelines...
November 29, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891102/the-agreement-between-parent-reported-and-directly-measured-child-language-and-parenting-behaviors
#5
Shannon K Bennetts, Fiona K Mensah, Elizabeth M Westrupp, Naomi J Hackworth, Sheena Reilly
Parenting behaviors are commonly targeted in early interventions to improve children's language development. Accurate measurement of both parenting behaviors and children's language outcomes is thus crucial for sensitive assessment of intervention outcomes. To date, only a small number of studies have compared parent-reported and directly measured behaviors, and these have been hampered by small sample sizes and inaccurate statistical techniques, such as correlations. The Bland-Altman Method and Reduced Major Axis regression represent more reliable alternatives because they allow us to quantify fixed and proportional bias between measures...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889492/surgical-complications-following-early-genitourinary-reconstructive-surgery-for-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia-interim-analysis-at-6-years
#6
Pankaj Dangle, Andy Lee, Rajeev Chaudhry, Francis X Schneck
OBJECTIVE: To review the intermediate to long-term surgical complications following feminizing reconstructive surgery for patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), at a single tertiary center. Genitourinary reconstructive surgery is pivotal for favorable cosmetic and functional outcome for patients with CAH. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review identifying 26 patients from April 2003 to April 2015 who underwent genitourinary reconstructive surgeries...
November 23, 2016: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888639/association-between-body-mass-index-and-salivary-uric-acid-among-mexican-origin-infants-youth-and-adults-gender-and-developmental-differences
#7
Airín D Martínez, Lillian Ruelas, Douglas A Granger
Uric acid (UA) is the end product of the metabolic breakdown of purine nucleotides. Recent studies have measured UA in saliva in relation to obesity and chronic disease risk. Given the increasing prevalence of metabolic syndrome among Latino youth, we examined gender and age differences in salivary uric acid (sUA) and weight in a sample of Mexican-origin children (n = 65, 2 months to 18 years, 49% female) and adults (n = 46, 19-58 years, 72% female). We measured weight, height, waist, and hip circumference and collected saliva samples (later assayed for sUA)...
November 26, 2016: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885311/mediating-pathways-in-the-socio-economic-gradient-of-child-development-evidence-from-children-6-42-months-in-bogota
#8
Marta Rubio-Codina, Orazio Attanasio, Sally Grantham-McGregor
Research has previously shown a gap of near 0.5 of a standard deviation (SD) in cognition and language development between the top and bottom household wealth quartile in children aged 6-42 months in a large representative sample of low- and middle-income families in Bogota, using the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development. The gaps in fine motor and socio-emotional development were about half that size. Developmental deficits increased with age. The current study explored the associations amongst child development, household socio-economic status (SES), and a set of potential mediating variables-parental characteristics, child biomedical factors, and the quality of the home environment-in this sample...
November 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882811/the-ao-pediatric-comprehensive-classification-of-long-bone-fractures-pccf-part-ii
#9
Alexander Joeris, Nicolas Lutz, Andrea Blumenthal, Theddy Slongo, Laurent Audigé
Background and purpose - To achieve a common understanding when dealing with long bone fractures in children, the AO Pediatric Comprehensive Classification of Long Bone Fractures (AO PCCF) was introduced in 2007. As part of its final validation, we present the most relevant fracture patterns in the lower extremities of a representative population of children classified according to the PCCF. Patients and methods - We included patients up to the age of 17 who were diagnosed with 1 or more long bone fractures between January 2009 and December 2011 at either of 2 tertiary care university hospitals in Switzerland...
November 24, 2016: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882544/prospective-evaluation-of-the-ages-and-stages-questionnaire-3rd-edition-in-very-low-birthweight-infants
#10
Pratibha K Agarwal, Luming Shi, Lourdes M Daniel, Phey Hong Yang, Poh Choo Khoo, Bin Huey Quek, Qishi Zheng, Victor S Rajadurai
AIM: To evaluate the predictive and concurrent diagnostic agreement of the Ages and Stages Questionnaire 3rd Edition (ASQ-3) with the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development 3rd Edition (Bayley-III) in infants born preterm and very-low-birthweight (PT/VLBW; ≤1250g). METHOD: We evaluated 141 PT/VLBW infants (68 males, 73 females) born at the KK Women's and Children's Hospital between January 2010 and December 2011, to determine predictive and concurrent diagnostic agreement between the ASQ-3 at 9, 12, 18, and 24 months corrected age and Bayley-III at 24 months...
November 24, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881483/preliminary-evidence-assessing-social-emotional-competences-in-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-infants-and-toddlers-using-a-new-parent-questionnaire
#11
Manfred Hintermair, Klaus Sarimski, Markus Lang
Social-emotional competences are an important developmental domain for deaf and hard of hearing (DHH) children and early diagnosis of problems is needed to ensure that DHH children receive appropriate support in this domain. In order to explore the usefulness of an instrument, which was recently developed for very young children, two studies in DHH infants and toddlers were conducted from Germany using the Social-Emotional Assessment/Evaluation Measure (Squires et al. (2013). Social-Emotional Assessment/Evaluation Measure (SEAM) Baltimore, ML: Brooks)...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878742/brief-report-diminished-gaze-preference-for-dynamic-social-interaction-scenes-in-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#12
Rebecca C Shaffer, Ernest V Pedapati, Frederick Shic, Kristina Gaietto, Katherine Bowers, Logan K Wink, Craig A Erickson
In this study, we present an eye-tracking paradigm, adapted from previous work with toddlers, for assessing social-interaction looking preferences in youth ages 5-17 with ASD and typically-developing controls (TDC). Videos of children playing together (Social Scenes, SS) were presented side-by-side with animated geometric shapes (GS). Participants with ASD demonstrated reduced SS preferences compared to TDC, results also represented continuously by associations between higher SS preferences and fewer social difficulties across the combined sample...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877141/involvement-of-technical-reasoning-more-than-functional-knowledge-in-development-of-tool-use-in-childhood
#13
Chrystelle Remigereau, Arnaud Roy, Orianne Costini, François Osiurak, Christophe Jarry, Didier Le Gall
It is well-known that even toddlers are able to manipulate tools in an appropriate manner according to their physical properties. The ability of children to make novel tools in order to solve problems is, however, surprisingly limited. In adults, mechanical problem solving (MPS) has been proposed to be supported by "technical reasoning skills," which are thought to be involved in every situation requiring the use of a tool (whether conventional or unusual). The aim of this study was to investigate the typical development of real tool use (RTU) skills and its link with technical reasoning abilities in healthy children...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874271/diagnostic-model-generated-by-mri-derived-brain-features-in-toddlers-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#14
Xiang Xiao, Hui Fang, Jiansheng Wu, ChaoYong Xiao, Ting Xiao, Lu Qian, FengJing Liang, Zhou Xiao, Kang Kang Chu, Xiaoyan Ke
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder with core symptoms of atypical social interaction, communication, and restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, and activities. Although the pathophysiologic mechanism of ASD is unclarified yet, the neuroanatomical features are considered as valuable predictors for discriminating ASD from others. But there has been relatively little scientific study about predictive power of different neuroanatomical features of early age ASD...
November 22, 2016: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873736/amber-necklaces-reasons-for-use-and-awareness-of-risk-associated-with-bacterial-colonisation
#15
Pauline Machet, Philippe Lanotte, Bruno Giraudeau, Marie Leperlier, Elsa Tavernier, Annabel Maruani
BACKGROUND: Parents are increasingly placing amber necklaces on their infants or toddlers to prevent teething pain. The use of the necklaces can pose a risk of death by strangulation, however, there are no data on the potential infectious risk linked to bacterial colonisation associated with the necklaces. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to analyse bacterial colonisation of amber necklaces worn by children during hospital consultations. MATERIAL & METHODS: This prospective observational study included all children wearing a teething necklace at consultation in the Paediatric Dermatology and the Paediatric Emergency Department of our hospital from April to December 2014...
November 21, 2016: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873433/blindness-to-background-an-inbuilt-bias-for-visual-objects
#16
Catherine G O'Hanlon, Jenny C A Read
Sixty-eight 2- to 12-year-olds and 30 adults were shown colorful displays on a touchscreen monitor and trained to point to the location of a named color. Participants located targets near-perfectly when presented with four abutting colored patches. When presented with three colored patches on a colored background, toddlers failed to locate targets in the background. Eye tracking demonstrated that the effect was partially mediated by a tendency not to fixate the background. However, the effect was abolished when the targets were named as nouns, whilst the change to nouns had little impact on eye movement patterns...
November 22, 2016: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873349/not-only-size-matters-early-talker-and-late-talker-vocabularies-support-different-word-learning-biases-in-babies-and-networks
#17
Eliana Colunga, Clare E Sims
In typical development, word learning goes from slow and laborious to fast and seemingly effortless. Typically developing 2-year-olds seem to intuit the whole range of things in a category from hearing a single instance named-they have word-learning biases. This is not the case for children with relatively small vocabularies (late talkers). We present a computational model that accounts for the emergence of word-learning biases in children at both ends of the vocabulary spectrum based solely on vocabulary structure...
November 21, 2016: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866766/age-specific-effectiveness-following-each-dose-of-acellular-pertussis-vaccine-among-infants-and-children-in-new-zealand
#18
Sarah Radke, Helen Petousis-Harris, Donna Watson, Dudley Gentles, Nikki Turner
BACKGROUND: Though it is believed the switch from whole cell to acellular pertussis vaccine has contributed to the resurgence of pertussis disease, few studies have evaluated vaccine effectiveness (VE) and duration of protection provided by an acellular vaccine schedule including three primary doses but no toddler-age dose. We assessed this schedule in New Zealand (NZ), a setting with historically high rates of pertussis disease, and low but recently improved immunisation coverage. We further evaluated protection following the preschool-age booster dose...
November 18, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863644/ultrasound-guided-removal-of-impalpable-radiolucent-vegetative-foreign-bodies-embedded-into-facial-soft-tissues-of-a-toddler
#19
Konstantinos Kourelis, Konstantinos Mourtzouchos, Vasileios Haronis, Anastasios Goulioumis, Athanasios Asimakopoulos
Otolaryngologists frequently encounter children with foreign bodies retained inside the lumen of their upper aerodigestive tract. However, total capture in the soft tissues happens rarely, and could be clinically, as well as radiographically, silent. Ultrasonography is a safe and effective imaging modality, aiding both diagnosis and surgical treatment. We report on a 14-month girl with chronic, fluctuating cheek edema and erythema, induced by an impalpable, radiolucent bundle of organic fibers embedded intramuscularly...
December 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862944/factors-related-to-the-burnout-of-japanese-female-nurses-with-children-under-3%C3%A2-years-old
#20
Yuko Takayama, Eiko Suzuki, Atsuko Kobiyama, Akiko Maruyama, Yoshiko Sera
AIM: Burnout is a common feature among healthcare professionals; however, little systematic research exists on burnout among nurses who are raising children. The burnout-related factors among female nurses with children under the age of 3 years were identified in order to ascertain potential burnout prevention methods. METHODS: In total, 1681 nurses with children who worked at nine city hospitals in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan, were sent the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey; 1173 nurses responded in June 2014...
November 11, 2016: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
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