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hcv arthritis

Nicholas James Anthony Halfpenny, Joan Mary Quigley, Juliette Catherine Thompson, David Alexander Scott
Peer-reviewed publications and conference proceedings are the mainstay of data sources for systematic reviews and network meta-analyses (NMA), but access to informative unpublished data is now becoming commonplace. To explore the usefulness of three types of 'grey' literature-clinical trials registries, clinical study reports and data from regulatory authorities-we conducted four case studies. The reporting of outcome data in peer-reviewed publications, the clinical trials registries and the clinical study reports for two clinical trials-one in melanoma, one in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)-was examined...
September 29, 2016: Evidence-based Medicine
Poupak Fallahi, Silvia Martina Ferrari, Ilaria Ruffilli, Giusy Elia, Marco Biricotti, Roberto Vita, Salvatore Benvenga, Alessandro Antonelli
We have evaluated prospectively the prevalence of other autoimmune disorders in outpatient clinic in 3069 consecutive patients with diagnosed chronic autoimmune thyroiditis (AT), with respect to two age- and sex-matched control groups: a) a control group of 1023 subjects, extracted from a random sample of the general population without thyroid disorders; b) 1023 patients with non-toxic multinodular goiter extracted from the same random sample of the general population, with similar iodine intake. The results of our study demonstrate a significant increase of the prevalence of autoimmune disorders in AT patients (with respect to both controls), for the following diseases: chronic autoimmune gastritis (CAG), vitiligo (Vit), rheumatoid arthritis, polymialgia rheumatica (Polym), celiac disease, diabetes, sjogren disease, multiple sclerosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, sarcoidosis, alopecia, psoriathic arthritis, systemic sclerosis, and HCV-related cryoglobulinemia...
September 15, 2016: Autoimmunity Reviews
S V Smirnova, A A Barilo, M V Smolnikova
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To assess the state of the hepatobiliary system in psoriasis andpsoriatic arthritis in order to establish a causal relationship and to identify clinical and functional predictors of psoriatic disease progression. METHODS: The study includedpatients with extensive psoriasis vulgaris (n = 175) aged 18 to 66 years old and healthy donors (n = 30), matched by sex and age: Group 1--patients with psoriasis (PS, n = 77), group 2--patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA, n = 98), group 3--control...
2016: Vestnik Rossiĭskoĭ Akademii Meditsinskikh Nauk
Mehdi Vazirian, Shabnam Faridfar, Mahdieh Eftekhari
BACKGROUND: Gharikon is a well-known medicinal mushroom in Iranian traditional medicine and mentioned several times in different kinds of authentic literature. Considering both traditional and modern literature, the aim of this study is to present a review of its biological activities. METHODS: Using online databases (e.g. PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar) as well as reviewing traditional medicinal literature (e.g. Makhzan-ul-Adwiah, Al-Qanun fi al-Tibb); we reviewed the published literature on the pharmacological effects of Laricifomes officinalis (the most common species considered as "Gharikon")...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Cecilia Beatrice Chighizola, Voon H Ong, Pier Luigi Meroni
Cyclosporine A, an inhibitor of calcineurin, exerts an immunomodulator action interfering with T cell activation. Even though novel therapeutic tools have emerged, CyA still represents a suitable option in several clinical rheumatology settings. This is the case of refractory nephritis and cytopenias associated with systemic lupus erythematosus. Furthermore, CyA is a valued therapeutic tool in the management of uveitis and thrombophlebitis in course of Behçet's disease. Topical CyA has been proven to be beneficial in the dry eye of Sjogren's syndrome, whereas oral treatment with CyA can be considered for the severe complications of adult onset Still's disease...
August 11, 2016: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Ewa Wielosz, Maria Majdan, Radosław Jeleniewicz, Marcin Mazurek
a-Ku are rare antibodies, which are reported in course of connective tissue diseases. Their prevalence ranges from 0 to 10% , 2%, on average. The main symptoms associated with the presence of a-Ku antibodies include: myositis, arthritis, Raynaud`s phenomenon and skin lesions. The above features are often defined as autoimmune clinical syndrome associated with a-Ku antibodies. In recent years, three cases with the presence of a-Ku antibodies were observed at the Department of Rheumatology and Connective Tissue Diseases...
2016: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Cassandra Michelle Skinner-Taylor, Alejandro Erhard-Ramírez, Mario Alberto Garza-Elizondo, Jorge Antonio Esquivel-Valerio, Carlos Abud-Mendoza, Marco Ulises Martínez-Martínez, David Vega-Morales, Ana Arana-Guajardo
INTRODUCTION: In Mexico, other risk factors are associated with hepatitis C virus (HCV): prior heroin users, living alone, widower, and northern region residence. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients are considered immunosuppressed and HCV testing is recommended before treatment. The aim of the study was to describe the characteristics of HCV testing in RA patients in three different medical care settings in a non-endemic area. METHODS: A retrospective observational study was performed using medical records from 960 RA patients describing the indications for HCV testing...
April 28, 2016: Reumatología Clinica
C C Okwara, G Ozoh, B C Nwatu
BACKGROUND: HIV infection may be associated with different arthropathies that are often underdiagnosed. There is also paucity of reported studies of relationship between clinical and laboratory features of HIV-infected patients and articular disorders. AIMS: To determine the predictors of articular disorders among HIV-infected patients seen at tertiary hospital Nigeria. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Hospital-based cross-sectional descriptive study...
November 2015: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
Maria Manara, Gerolamo Bianchi, Eleonora Bruschi, Valeria Azzolini, Nebiat Belai Beyene, Stefania Corbanese, Fabio De Gennaro, Luis S Martin-Martin, Aldo B Molica Colella, Maria Rosa Pozzi, Nicoletta Romeo, Tiziana Rossini, Adriana Severino, Luigi Sinigaglia
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess how the management of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with methotrexate (MTX) in Italy is adherent to current national recommendations. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional and retrospective analysis of data collected from the MARI study, a multicentre survey on Italian patients with RA on treatment with MTX for at least 12 months. Retrospective data included patient's clinical history, previous treatment with MTX, screening tests performed before MTX prescription...
May 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Zobair Younossi, Haesuk Park, Linda Henry, Ayoade Adeyemi, Maria Stepanova
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection has hepatic and extrahepatic manifestations with various costs and impairments to health-related quality of life (HRQL). We performed a meta-analysis to determine the prevalence of extrahepatic manifestations in patients with HCV infection, how these impair HRQL, and their costs. METHODS: We performed systematic reviews of the literature using MEDLINE, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Systematic Review Database, from 1996 through December 2014, to identify studies of the following extrahepatic manifestations of HCV infection: mixed cryoglobulinemia, chronic kidney or end-stage renal disease, type 2 diabetes, B-cell lymphoma, lichen planus, Sjögren's syndrome, porphyria cutanea tarda, rheumatoid-like arthritis, or depression...
June 2016: Gastroenterology
Carlo Palazzi, Emilio D'Amico, Salvatore D'Angelo, Michele Gilio, Ignazio Olivieri
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a hepato- and lymphotropic agent that is able to induce several autoimmune rheumatic disorders: vasculitis, sicca syndrome, arthralgias/arthritis and fibromyalgia. The severity of clinical manifestations is variable and sometimes life-threatening. HCV infection can mimic many primitive rheumatic diseases, therefore, it is mandatory to distinguish HCV-related manifestations from primitive ones because the prognosis and therapeutic strategies can be fairly dissimilar. The new direct-acting antivirals drugs can help to avoid the well-known risks of worsening or new onset of autoimmune diseases during the traditional interferon-based therapies...
January 28, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Marco Sebastiani, Dilia Giuggioli, Michele Colaci, Poupak Fallahi, Laura Gragnani, Alessandro Antonelli, Anna Linda Zignego, Clodoveo Ferri
A number of hepatic and extra-hepatic autoimmune disorders may complicate a percentage of patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection that is both hepatotropic and lymphotropic agent; the resulting clinical phenotypes can be grouped into the so-called HCV syndrome. This latter includes various rheumatic disorders that are frequently characterized by clinical or serological overlap; thus, a correct patients' classification is necessary prior to decide the therapy. The management of these conditions is particularly difficult, given the coexistence of viral infection and immunological alterations...
September 6, 2015: Current Drug Targets
Florenzo Iannone, Elisa Gremese, Gianfranco Ferraccioli, Giovanni Lapadula
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
Dimitrios Vassilopoulos, Leonard H Calabrese
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) has been associated with distinct rheumatic syndromes including arthritis, sialadenitis, and cryoglobulinemic vasculitis (CV). The therapy of these HCV-associated syndromes includes antiviral therapy with or without the addition of immunosuppressives while clinical response is mainly seen in patients who clear the virus after antiviral therapy. Despite significant therapeutic advances, existing antiviral therapies with interferon-a (IFNa)-based schemes achieve viral eradication only in approximately half the patients...
August 2015: Current Rheumatology Reports
Paolo Conca, Giovanni Cafaro, Amalia De Renzo, Antonio Coppola, Ernesto Cimino, Giovanni Tarantino
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) has been recognized to be both a hepato- and lymphotropic virus. HCV lymphotropism represents an essential detail in the pathogenesis of virus-related autoimmune and lymphoproliferative disorders, ranging from clonal expansion of B-cells with organ and non-organ-specific autoantibody production up to overt non-Hodgkin's lymphoma along a continuous step-by-step model of B-cell lymphomagenesis, where the intermediated mixed cryoglobulinemia could be considered as a stage of suppressible antigen-driven lymphoproliferation...
2015: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
I Boukhris, S Azzabi, E Chérif, L Ben Hassine, Z Kaouech, C Kooli
AIM: Cryoglobulinemia is characterized by multiple organ involvement, mainly including the skin, liver, kidneys, and peripheral nerves. Our aim was to investigate the demographic, clinical, and serologic features, as well as survival in a group of 16 Tunisian patients with cryoglobulinemia. RESULTS: The study included 12 women and 4 men, and their mean age was 41 years. In all but two, the cryoglobulinemia was associated with another disease. These included lupus for 9, Sjögren syndrome for 2, and polyarteritis nodosa for one...
October 2015: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
Ai Kawahara, Junichi Tsukada, Takahiro Yamaguchi, Takefumi Katsuragi, Takehiro Higashi
Primary hepatic lymphoma (PHL) is an extremely rare disease, frequently associated with viruses such as hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and human immune deficiency virus (HIV). On the other hand, an increased risk of lymphoproliferative disorders (LPD) has been demonstrated in patients treated with immunosuppressive drugs such as methotrexate (MTX) for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The role of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) has been discussed in the pathogenesis of the immunodeficiency-associated LPDs...
2015: Biomarker Research
Ko-Ming Lin, Tien-Tsai Cheng, Jing-Chi Lin, Chung-Jen Chen
The aim of this study was to investigate treatment response and hepatic safety of anti-tumor necrosis factor-α therapy among patients with concomitant rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. We reviewed the charts of 101 consecutive RA patients who were eligible for anti-TNF-α therapy in the Chiayi Branch of Chang Gung Memorial Hospital. Group A patients were sero-positive for anti-HCV antibodies and had HCV RNA but were negative for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg). Group B (the control group) patients were sero-negative for both anti-HCV antibodies and HBsAg...
June 2015: Clinical Rheumatology
Alexis Ogdie, Wyki Gina Pang, Kimberly A Forde, Bhangle D Samir, Lakeisha Mulugeta, Kyong-Mi Chang, David E Kaplan, Valerianna K Amorosa, Jay R Kostman, Rajender K Reddy, Ralph H Schumacher, Vincent Lo Re
BACKGROUND: To determine the prevalence of patient-reported joint pain among patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) coinfection, chronic HCV monoinfection, and HIV monoinfection followed in hepatology and infectious disease outpatient practices. METHODS: Standardized interviews were performed among 79 HIV/HCV-coinfected, 93 HCV-monoinfected, and 30 HIV-monoinfected patients in a cross-sectional study within hepatology and infectious disease clinics at three centers...
2015: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Andreas Knopf, Benedikt Hofauer, Klaus Thürmel, Reinhard Meier, Konrad Stock, Murat Bas, Naglaa Manour
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to assess the diagnostic utility of acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) imaging in primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). METHODS: One hundred fifty-seven patients with sicca symptoms and/or salivary gland swelling were included. Sicca symptoms, Schirmer test, unstimulated whole saliva (UWS), SS-A/B antibodies, and histology were assessed according to American-European Consensus group (AECG) criteria. All patients underwent high-resolution ultrasound and ARFI imaging of the parotid (PG) and submandibular glands (SMG)...
October 2015: European Radiology
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