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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891433/the-clinical-presentation-and-outcome-of-the-institutionalized-wandering-mentally-ill-in-india
#1
Gaurav Singh, Nilima Shah, Ritambhara Mehta
INTRODUCTION: There are estimated 400,000 wandering mentally ill persons in India, found in poor physical state wandering on streets and railway stations; mainly treated either by government run Hospitals for Mental Health (HMH) or Psychiatry units of a Government Medical College (GMC). They require psychosocial rehabilitation along with treatment. AIM: To study the presentation, clinical profile and rehabilitative outcome of wandering mentally ill admitted in government psychiatric care facilities...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881159/identifying-profiles-of-service-users-in-housing-services-and-exploring-their-quality-of-life-and-care-needs
#2
Neis A Bitter, Diana P K Roeg, Chijs van Nieuwenhuizen, Jaap van Weeghel
BACKGROUND: Housing services aim to support people with mental illness in their daily life and recovery. As the level of recovery differs between service users, the quality of life and care needs also might vary. However, the type and amount of care and support that service users receive do not always match their recovery. In order to improve the quality of care, this study aims to explore whether subgroups of service users exist based on three dimensions of recovery and to examine and compare the quality of life and care needs of the persons in these subgroups...
November 23, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863044/exercise-for-healthy-flow
#3
EDITORIAL
P Hillmeister, E Buschmann, P B Persson, A Bondke Persson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 12, 2016: Acta Physiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862573/association-between-change-in-employment-participation-and-quality-of-life-in-middle-aged-colorectal-cancer-survivors-compared-with-general-population-controls
#4
Vanessa L Beesley, Jeff K Vallance, Gabor Mihala, Brigid M Lynch, Louisa G Gordon
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between change in employment participation over a 12-month period and quality of life among individuals with colorectal cancer compared to general population controls. METHODS: This was a prospective, registry-based study that enrolled middle-aged (45-64 years) residents of Queensland, Australia, who were in the paid workforce, and newly-diagnosed with colorectal cancer. Participants completed structured telephone interviews at six and 12 months after diagnosis assessing quality of life and employment status ('retired/ceased work', 'increased work', 'decreased work' and 'maintained work')...
November 8, 2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858219/-the-impact-of-catastrophizing-on-the-effect-of-depression-on-pain-and-functional-ability-a%C3%A2-longitudinal-mediator-analysis
#5
J Briest, M Bethge
BACKGROUND: While the association between pain and depression is well proven, little is known about the mechanisms influencing this relationship. The cognitive distortion of catastrophizing plays a significant role in several concepts of both diseases. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to analyze the role of catastrophizing on the effect of depression on pain and functional ability. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Participants were recruited from 11 outpatient rehabilitation centers in Germany at the beginning of orthopedic rehabilitation aftercare...
November 17, 2016: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852810/multicomponent-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-patients-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-predictors-of-functional-and-psychocognitive-recovery
#6
Sarah Eichler, Annett Salzwedel, Rona Reibis, Jörg Nothroff, Axel Harnath, Martin Schikora, Christian Butter, Karl Wegscheider, Heinz Völler
BACKGROUND: In the last decade, transcatheter aortic valve implantation has become a promising treatment modality for patients with aortic stenosis and a high surgical risk. Little is known about influencing factors of function and quality of life during multicomponent cardiac rehabilitation. METHODS: From October 2013 to July 2015, patients with elective transcatheter aortic valve implantation and a subsequent inpatient cardiac rehabilitation were enrolled in the prospective cohort multicentre study...
November 16, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849484/the-benefits-of-high-intensity-functional-training-fitness-programs-for-military-personnel
#7
Christopher K Haddock, Walker S C Poston, Katie M Heinrich, Sara A Jahnke, Nattinee Jitnarin
INTRODUCTION: High intensity functional training (HIFT) programs are designed to address multiple fitness domains, potentially providing improved physical and mental readiness in a changing operational environment. Programs consistent with HIFT principals such as CrossFit, SEALFIT and the US Marine Corps' High Intensity Tactical Training (HITT) are increasingly popular among military personnel. The goal of HIFT programs is to produce high levels of cardiorespiratory fitness, endurance and strength that exceed those achieved by following current physical activity recommendations...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843839/quality-of-life-and-coping-strategies-of-caregivers-of-children-with-physical-and-mental-disabilities
#8
Deepak Ganjiwale, Jaishree Ganjiwale, Bharti Sharma, Brajesh Mishra
BACKGROUND: Developmental disability is a term that refers to permanent cognitive and or physical impairment. Arrested development of physical or mental capacities can lead to number of problems for the sufferer as well as the carers. METHODOLOGY: This study was conducted to assess the quality of life (QOL) and coping mechanisms used by the carers of physically challenged children. In this cross-sectional study, all the 116 children from a school for children with special needs in Anand, Gujarat and their carers were included...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835673/comparison-of-two-post-stroke-rehabilitation-programs-a-follow-up-study-among-primary-versus-specialized-health-care
#9
Remedios López-Liria, Francisco Antonio Vega-Ramírez, Patricia Rocamora-Pérez, José Manuel Aguilar-Parra, David Padilla-Góngora
OBJECTIVE: To compare home-based rehabilitation (RITH) and standard outpatient rehabilitation in a hospital setting, in terms of improving the functional recovery and quality of life of stroke patients. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: This was a prospective cohort study in Andalusia (Spain). PARTICIPANTS: One hundred and forty-five patients completed the outcome data. MEASURES: Daily activities were measured by the Barthel index, Canadian Neurological Scale (to assess mental state), Tinetti scale (balance and gait), and Short Form Health Survey-36 (SF-36 to compare the quality of life)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823683/cardiac-rehabilitation-versus-usual-care-for-patients-treated-with-catheter-ablation-for-atrial-fibrillation-results-of-the-randomized-copenheartrfa-trial
#10
Signe S Risom, Ann-Dorthe Zwisler, Trine B Rasmussen, Kirstine Lærum Sibilitz, Trine L S Madsen, Jesper Hastrup Svendsen, Christian Gluud, Jane Lindschou, Per Winkel, Selina Kikkenborg Berg
BACKGROUND: To assess the effects of comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation compared with usual care on physical activity and mental health for patients treated with catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation. METHODS: The patients were randomized 1:1 stratified by paroxysmal or persistent atrial fibrillation and sex to cardiac rehabilitation consisting of 12 weeks physical exercise and four psycho-educational consultations plus usual care (cardiac rehabilitation group) versus usual care...
November 2016: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815771/effects-of-inpatient-multicomponent-occupational-rehabilitation-versus-less-comprehensive-outpatient-rehabilitation-on-somatic-and-mental-health-secondary-outcomes-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Lene Aasdahl, Kristine Pape, Ottar Vasseljen, Roar Johnsen, Sigmund Gismervik, Chris Jensen, Marius Steiro Fimland
Purpose To evaluate effects on somatic and mental health of a multicomponent inpatient occupational rehabilitation program compared to a less comprehensive outpatient program in individuals on sick leave for musculoskeletal complaints or mental health disorders. Methods A randomized clinical trial with parallel groups. Participants were individuals on sick-leave for 2-12 months with a sick-leave diagnosis within the musculoskeletal, psychological or general and unspecified chapters of ICPC-2. Potential participants were identified in the Social Security System Registry...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813196/transition-from-being-ok-to-not-ok-with-tooth-loss-among-a-selection-of-older-people-in-iran-a-qualitative-study
#12
Shahin Dezhdar, Najmeh Fereidoonpoor, Ehsan Mostaghni, Faezeh Jahanpour, Maryam Ravanipour
BACKGROUND: Several studies have covered oral health and dental decay in old age, but these studies mostly applied standard quantitative tools and did not include consideration of older people's views on oral problems, partial edentulism in particular. OBJECTIVE: To explore people's perceptions in terms of the transition from being OK to NOT OK with tooth loss among a selection of older people in Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A qualitative content analysis study was chosen for the research by interviewing 15 older people using open-ended questions...
November 4, 2016: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808563/exercise-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-surgically-treated-type-a-aortic-dissection-patients
#13
Simon Fuglsang, Johan Heiberg, Vibeke E Hjortdal, Sussie Laustsen
OBJECTIVES: Surgically treated type-A aortic dissection patients are often restricted from physical exercise due to a lack of knowledge about the blood pressure increase. Our aims were to evaluate the hemodynamic responses during exercise, and to assess changes in peak oxygen uptake, maximal workload, and quality-of-life after completion of an exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation program. DESIGN: Three subgroups were retrospectively identified based on their different eligibility criteria...
November 3, 2016: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806816/health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-single-lower-limb-amputation
#14
Aliya Hisam, Fatimah Ashraf, Mariam Nadeem Rana, Yumna Waqar, Sumaiyya Karim, Fatima Irfan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of age, cause of amputation, and anatomic level of amputation on the health related quality of life (HRQOL) in individuals with unilateral lower limb amputation. STUDY DESIGN: Across-sectional survey. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The Armed Forces Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine, from August 2014 to February 2015. METHODOLOGY: Short Form-36 (SF-36) health related quality of life (HRQOL)...
October 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783798/self-reported-prevalence-of-disability-in-brazil-according-to-the-national-health-survey-2013
#15
Deborah Carvalho Malta, Sheila Rizzato Stopa, Rogerio Canuto, Nayara Lopes Gomes, Vera Lúcia Ferreira Mendes, Bárbara Niegia Garcia de Goulart, Lenildo de Moura
Objective: To describe the self-reported prevalence of intellectual disability, physical, hearing and visual, according to sociodemographic variables, degree of limitation and frequency of rehabilitation service use. Methods: Data from the National Health Survey, a population survey. the self-reported prevalence of physical, mental, visual and hearing were calculated and their 95% confidence intervals, stratified by sex, age, race / color, for Brazil, place of residence and Major Regions...
October 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764977/optimizing-engagement-in-goal-pursuit-with-youth-with-physical-disabilities-attending-life-skills-and-transition-programs-an-exploratory-study
#16
Eric Smart, Adeeta Aulakh, Carolyn McDougall, Patty Rigby, Gillian King
PURPOSE: Identify strategies youth perceive will optimize their engagement in goal pursuit in life skills and transition programs using an engagement framework involving affective, cognitive, and behavioral components. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive design was used. Two semi-structured interviews were conducted with seven youth. The first was informed by a prior observation session, and the second occurred after the program ended and explored youths' perceptions of whether and how their engagement changed...
October 21, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760269/association-between-cardiac-rehabilitation-participation-and-health-status-outcomes-after-acute-myocardial-infarction
#17
Faraz Kureshi, Kevin F Kennedy, Philip G Jones, Randal J Thomas, Suzanne V Arnold, Praneet Sharma, Timothy Fendler, Donna M Buchanan, Mohammed Qintar, P Michael Ho, Brahmajee K Nallamothu, Neil B Oldridge, John A Spertus
Importance: Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) improves survival after acute myocardial infarction (AMI), and referral to CR has been introduced as a performance measure of high-quality care. The association of participation in CR with patients' health status (eg, quality of life, symptoms, and functional status) is poorly defined. Objective: To examine the association of participation in CR with health status outcomes after AMI. Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective cohort study was conducted of patients enrolled in 2 AMI registries: PREMIER, from January 1, 2003, to June 28, 2004, and TRIUMPH, from April 11, 2005, to December 31, 2008...
October 19, 2016: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755325/effectiveness-of-nursing-discharge-planning-interventions-on-health-related-outcomes-in-discharged-elderly-inpatients-a-systematic-review
#18
Cedric Mabire, Andrew Dwyer, Antoine Garnier, Joanie Pellet
BACKGROUND: Inadequate discharge planning for the growing elderly population poses significant challenges for health services. Effective discharge planning interventions have been examined in several studies, but little information is available on nursing's role or the specific components of these interventions. Despite the research published on the importance of discharge planning, the impact on patient's health outcomes still needs to be proven in practice. OBJECTIVES: To determine the best available evidence on the effectiveness of discharge planning interventions involving at least one nurse on health-related outcomes for elderly inpatients discharged home and to assess the relative impact of individual components of discharge planning interventions...
September 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748471/what-to-do-after-cardiac-rehabilitation-programs-the-role-of-the-general-practitioner-in-cardiovascular-prevention
#19
Margaret Cupples, Neil Heron
This paper will review the current role of general practitioners (GPs) in providing cardiovascular prevention for patients after attendance at a cardiac rehabilitation program. Long-term implementation of preventive strategies is needed for continued impact on reducing risk of cardiovascular events and GPs have a major role in providing ongoing continuing medical care. Awareness of patients' social, cultural and physical circumstances allows the GP to identify individuals' needs for support in engaging in secondary prevention: relevant brief interventions can promote behaviour change in physical activity, diet and smoking habits, as well as promoting mental health and adherence to optimal medical therapy...
October 14, 2016: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744714/balancing-satisfaction-and-stress-carer-burden-among-white-and-british-asian-indian-carers-of-stroke-survivors
#20
Savita Katbamna, Lisa Manning, Amit Mistri, Mark Johnson, Thompson Robinson
OBJECTIVES: This paper presents the findings of a qualitative study exploring White and British Indian informal stroke carers' experiences of caring, factors contributing to their stress, and strategies used to overcome stress. DESIGN: A qualitative approach involving in-depth interviews was used to explore informal carers' experiences of caring for stroke survivors and the stress of caring at one and three to six months from the onset of stroke. Interviewers bilingual in English and Gujarati or Punjabi conducted interviews with carers...
October 15, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
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