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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441333/how-are-service-dogs-for-adults-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-integrated-with-rehabilitation-in-denmark-a-case-study
#1
Chalotte Glintborg, Tia G B Hansen
A severe mental illness like Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is known to have psychosocial consequences that can lead to a decreased quality of life. Research in Animal-Assisted Therapy (AAT) has revealed that the presence of a dog can have a positive effect on health, e.g., increase quality of life and lessen depression and anxiety. However, canine companionship is not a catch-all solution. Previous research has revealed methodological limitations that prohibit any clear conclusions, as well as a sparsity of critical reflection in anecdotal reports and case studies, which means that more research is needed to contextualize the findings...
April 25, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440839/refugee-health-and-rehabilitation-challenges-and-response
#2
Fary Khan, Bhasker Amatya
BACKGROUND: The current global refugee crisis poses major challenges in providing effective healthcare to refugees, particularly for non-communicable diseases (NCDs) management and disability. This article provides an overview of refugee health and potential challenges from the rehabilitation perspective. METHODS: A literature search (both academic and grey literature) was conducted using medical and health science electronic databases and internet search engines (2001-2016)...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434551/neuromuscular-fatigue-during-exercise-methodological-considerations-etiology-and-potential-role-in-chronic-fatigue
#3
REVIEW
Rosie Twomey, Saied Jalal Aboodarda, Renata Kruger, Susan Nicole Culos-Reed, John Temesi, Guillaume Y Millet
The term fatigue is used to describe a distressing and persistent symptom of physical and/or mental tiredness in certain clinical populations, with distinct but ultimately complex, multifactorial and heterogenous pathophysiology. Chronic fatigue impacts on quality of life, reduces the capacity to perform activities of daily living, and is typically measured using subjective self-report tools. Fatigue also refers to an acute reduction in the ability to produce maximal force or power due to exercise. The classical measurement of exercise-induced fatigue involves neuromuscular assessments before and after a fatiguing task...
April 20, 2017: Neurophysiologie Clinique, Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427333/the-experiences-of-physiotherapists-treating-people-with-dementia-who-fracture-their-hip
#4
A J Hall, R Watkins, I A Lang, R Endacott, V A Goodwin
BACKGROUND: It is estimated that people with dementia are approximately three times more likely to fracture their hip than sex and age matched controls. A report by the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy found that this population have poor access to rehabilitation as inpatients and in the community. A recent scoping review found a paucity of research in this area, indeed there has been no qualitative research undertaken with physiotherapists. In order to address this evidence gap, the aim of this current study was to explore the experiences of physiotherapists treating this population...
April 20, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427299/effects-of-low-frequency-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-on-upper-extremity-motor-recovery-and-functional-outcomes-in-chronic-stroke-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Ayhan Aşkın, Aliye Tosun, Ümit Seçil Demirdal
BACKGROUND: Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) was suggested as a preconditioning method that would increase brain plasticity and that it would be optimal to combine rTMS with intensive rehabilitation. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of inhibitory rTMS on upper extremity motor recovery and functional outcomes in chronic ischemic stroke patients. METHODS: In this randomized controlled trial, experimental group received low-frequency (LF) rTMS to the primary motor cortex of the unaffected side + physical therapy (PT), and control group received PT...
April 20, 2017: Somatosensory & Motor Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416042/earthquakes-fuel-crisis-power-outages-and-health-care-in-nepal-implications-for-the-future
#6
Bipin Adhikari, Shiva Raj Mishra, Sujan Babu Marahatta, Nils Kaehler, Kumar Paudel, Janak Adhikari, Shristi Raut
Earthquakes are a major natural calamity with pervasive effects on human life and nature. Similar effects are mimicked by man-made disasters such as fuel crises and power outages in developing countries. Natural and man-made disasters can cause intangible human suffering and often leave scars of lifelong psychosocial damage. Lessons from these disasters are frequently not implemented. The main objective of this study was to review the effects of the 2015 earthquakes, fuel crisis, and power outages on the health services of Nepal and formulate recommendations for the future...
April 18, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412240/the-level-of-effort-rather-than-muscle-exercise-intensity-determines-strength-gain-following-a-six-week-training
#7
Chang-Hao Jiang, Vinoth K Ranganathan, Vlodek Siemionow, Guang H Yue
AIM: This study investigated the effect of voluntary motor effort during a low-intensity (30% maximal voluntary contraction [MVC]) muscle exercise training program on increasing muscle strength. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen young and healthy individuals were randomly assigned to one of three groups: high mental effort (HME), low mental effort (LME), or a no-training control (CTRL) group. Training lasted for 6weeks (15min/day, 5days/week). The participants' right-elbow flexor muscle strength was measured before and after the training program...
April 13, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401441/effect-of-inpatient-multicomponent-occupational-rehabilitation-versus-less-comprehensive-outpatient-rehabilitation-on-sickness-absence-in-persons-with-musculoskeletal-or-mental-health-disorders-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Lene Aasdahl, Kristine Pape, Ottar Vasseljen, Roar Johnsen, Sigmund Gismervik, Vidar Halsteinli, Nils Fleten, Claus Vinther Nielsen, Marius Steiro Fimland
Purpose To assess effects of an inpatient multicomponent occupational rehabilitation program compared to less comprehensive outpatient rehabilitation on sickness absence in persons with musculoskeletal- or mental health disorders. Methods Randomized clinical trial with parallel groups. Participants were individuals 18-60 years old on sick-leave for 2-12 months with a sick-leave diagnosis within the musculoskeletal, psychological or general and unspecified chapters of ICPC-2, identified in a national register...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372340/changes-in-occupational-mental-and-physical-health-and-health-symptoms-during-the-economic-recession
#9
Hjördís Sigursteinsdóttir, Gudbjörg Linda Rafnsdóttir, Gudbjörg Andrea Jónsdóttir
BACKGROUND: In 2008, many Western countries faced a great economic recession, the result of which was increased unemployment and reduced public expenditure. OBJECTIVE: This article focuses on changes in the self-reported mental and physical health and health symptoms of the remaining employees of Icelandic municipalities who worked within the educational system and the care service during the economic recession. We examine gender differences in health and differences between downsized workplaces and workplaces where no downsizing occurred and differences between workplaces with heavy workload and light workload...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368897/a-longitudinal-study-of-social-participation-after-dysvascular-lower-extremity-amputation
#10
Ann Marie Roepke, Rhonda M Williams, Aaron P Turner, Alison W Henderson, Daniel C Norvell, Helene Henson, Kevin N Hakimi, Joseph M Czerniecki
OBJECTIVE: This study examined patterns of social participation among individuals experiencing their first dysvascular lower extremity amputation. We identified the types of social participation valued by this population and explored factors that were associated with individuals' levels of participation and their subjective satisfaction with participation. DESIGN: A prospective cohort was recruited from four Veterans Administration Medical Centers and followed for 1 yr after amputation...
March 31, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364299/life-satisfaction-and-psychological-status-of-mothers-with-disabled-children-a-descriptive-study
#11
Emine Ela Küçük, Dilek Küçük Alemdar
The purpose of this study is to determine the life satisfaction, general health conditions, and depression levels of mothers with disabled children and the problems they experienced. This descriptive study was conducted between 1 and 30 December 2014 in a rehabilitation center that renders services for totally 254 physically and mentally-disabled children in Turkey. 184 mothers participated in the study. The data were collected by using an information form, the life satisfaction scale, the general health questionnaire, and the Beck depression inventory...
March 31, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289644/quality-of-life-and-physical-ability-changes-after-hospital-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-myocardial-infarction
#12
Byung Joo Lee, Jin Young Go, Ae Ryung Kim, Seong Min Chun, Minhyuk Park, Dong Heon Yang, Hun Sik Park, Tae-Du Jung
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of hospital-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) on quality of life (QOL) and physical ability in patients with myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS: Patients with MI who were referred to the Cardiac Health and Rehabilitation Center 2 weeks after percutaneous coronary intervention were divided into CR and non-CR groups. The CR group performed supervised exercises 3 times a week for 2 months. QOL assessment, using the 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) and physical ability evaluation were performed at the beginning and end of CR...
February 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289631/effect-of-a-caregiver-s-education-program-on-stroke-rehabilitation
#13
Sang-Eun Hong, Chang-Hwan Kim, Ee-Jin Kim, Kyung-Lim Joa, Tae-Hyun Kim, Sang-Keun Kim, Hee-Jun Han, Eui-Chang Lee, Han-Young Jung
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate effects of caregiver's education program on their satisfaction, as well as patient functional recovery, performed in addition to daily conventional rehabilitation treatment. METHODS: Three hundred eleven subjects diagnosed with first-onset stroke and transferred to the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation of Inha University Hospital were surveyed. In 2015, caregivers attended an education program for acute and subacute stroke patients...
February 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286873/to-take-their-place-among-the-productive-members-of-society-vocational-rehabilitation-of-wwi-wounded-at-erskine
#14
Jennifer Novotny
In 1916, the foundation of the Princess Louise Scottish Hospital for Limbless Sailors and Soldiers (still in existence today as Erskine), on the banks of the River Clyde in Scotland, was a direct response to the need for specialised medical facilities to deal with the unprecedented number of injured service personnel returning from the Great War. At the hospital, the West of Scotland medical and industrial communities came together to mend broken bodies with prosthetic technology, as well as physical and mental rehabilitation to prepare the limbless to re-enter the job market...
January 17, 2017: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271667/consequences-of-early-adverse-rearing-experience-eare-on-development-insights-from-non-human-primate-studies
#15
REVIEW
Bo Zhang
Early rearing experiences are important in one's whole life, whereas early adverse rearing experience(EARE) is usually related to various physical and mental disorders in later life. Although there were many studies on human and animals, regarding the effect of EARE on brain development, neuroendocrine systems, as well as the consequential mental disorders and behavioral abnormalities, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Due to the close genetic relationship and similarity in social organizations with humans, non-human primate(NHP) studies were performed for over 60 years...
January 18, 2017: Zoological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266257/-burden-of-parents-of-pediatric-cancer-patients-in-pediatric-oncological-rehabilitation
#16
Laura Inhestern, Volker Beierlein, Konstantin A Krauth, Ursula Rolfes, Thomas Schulte, Dieter Berger, Uwe Koch, Corinna Bergelt
Burden of Parents of Pediatric Cancer Patients in Pediatric-oncological Rehabilitation All family members experience high burden in case of paediatric cancer. Family-oriented rehabilitation (FOR) aims to improve the physical and mental situation of the families. We investigated anxiety and depression (HADS) and cancer-related burden of parents (n = 69) before and after FOR and analysed its association with quality of life of the ill children. At beginning of FOR 70 % of the parents showed moderate to high anxiety scores and 47 % moderate to high depression scores...
March 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262341/high-readmission-rates-and-mental-distress-after-infective-endocarditis-results-from-the-national-population-based-copenheart-ie-survey
#17
Trine Bernholdt Rasmussen, Ann-Dorthe Zwisler, Lau Caspar Thygesen, Henning Bundgaard, Philip Moons, Selina Kikkenborg Berg
BACKGROUND: Infective endocarditis (IE) is a severe disease requiring lengthy hospitalisation. Little is known about patients' recovery after IE. The aims of this study in IE patients were; (i) to describe mortality, readmission, self-reported health and rehabilitation up to 1year post-discharge, (ii) to examine associations between self-reported health and readmission, and (iii) to investigate predictors of readmission and mortality. METHODS: All adults treated for IE in Denmark, January-June 2011 (N=347), were followed in registers...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249850/early-rehabilitation-for-the-prevention-of-postintensive-care-syndrome-in-critically-ill-patients-a-study-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Yutaka Kondo, Ryota Fuke, Toru Hifumi, Junji Hatakeyama, Tetsuhiro Takei, Kazuma Yamakawa, Shigeaki Inoue, Osamu Nishida
INTRODUCTION: Postintensive care syndrome (PICS) is defined as a new or worsening impairment in cognition, mental health and physical function after critical illness. There is little evidence regarding treatment of patients with PICS; new directions for effective treatment strategies are urgently needed. Early physiotherapy may prevent or reverse some physical impairments in patients with PICS, but no systematic reviews have investigated the effectiveness of early rehabilitation on PICS-related outcomes...
March 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231595/-subjective-aspects-of-return-to-work-and-social-reintegration-in-patients-with-extensive-work-related-problems-in-cardiac-rehabilitation-results-of-a-qualitative-investigation
#19
C Schulz-Behrendt, A Salzwedel, S Rabe, K Ortmann, H Völler
This study investigated subjective biopsychosocial effects of coronary heart disease (CHD), coping strategies and social support in patients undergoing cardiac rehabilitation (CR) and having extensive work-related problems. A qualitative investigation was performed in 17 patients (48.9±7.0 y, 13 male) with extensive work-related problems (SIMBO-C>30). All patients were interviewed with structured surveys. Data analysis was performed using a software that is based on the content analysis approach of Mayring...
February 23, 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225991/prevalence-of-musculoskeletal-symptoms-in-obese-patients-candidates-for-bariatric-surgery-and-its-impact-on-health-related-quality-of-life
#20
Gabriela Calenzani, Fabiana Ferreira Dos Santos, Veronica Lourenço Wittmer, Grace Kelly Filgueiras Freitas, Flávia Marini Paro
Objective: This study was designed to identify the major musculoskeletal symptoms of individuals with obesity, to assess their health-related quality of life, and to evaluate the correlation between the musculoskeletal symptoms and the individuals' health-related quality of life. Materials and methods: Cross-sectional study. Instruments used: "Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire" and "The Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36)"...
February 13, 2017: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
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