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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040948/a-prospective-cohort-study-of-community-functioning-among-psychiatric-outpatients
#1
Alan H L Chan, Samuel Y S Wong, Wai-Tong Chien
The present study analyzed the community functioning among Chinese people with common mental disorders and their relationships with different factors under the framework of Model of Human Occupation. The research team followed up a stratified random sample of 238 patients in three public psychiatric specialist outpatient clinics in Hong Kong in one year. The patients completed assessments at baseline and 12-month follow-up in four areas of community functioning (i.e., self-care, independent living skills, social skills, and work skills), self-esteem, self-efficacy, physical functioning, behavioral regulation, mental states, family expressed emotion, and perceived social stigma...
October 10, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031830/action-observation-facilitates-motor-cortical-activity-in-patients-with-stroke-and-hemiplegia
#2
Marina Tani, Yumie Ono, Miku Matsubara, Satoko Ohmatsu, Yoshihiro Yukawa, Masashi Kohno, Takanori Tominaga
Motor imagery (MI) is a mental practice that reproduces the visual- and/or kinesthetic-modality brain activations accompanying movement. It is a useful rehabilitation technique as the affected motor cortex can be stimulated in patients with stroke and hemiplegia. However, most patients with stroke have difficulty with MI owing to advanced age and/or higher-cognitive dysfunction, thus impairing their ability to internally simulate the action. We therefore investigated whether action observation (AO), an alternative form of motor stimulation that works via the mirror-neuron system, could facilitate motor cortical activity in such patients...
October 12, 2017: Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023254/the-lived-experience-of-gynecologic-cancer-survivors-in-taiwan
#3
Li-Yun Tsai, Kung-Liahng Wang, Shu-Yuan Liang, Jung-Mei Tsai, Shiow-Luan Tsay
BACKGROUND: Although it is now possible to achieve permanent remission in a large percentage of gynecologic cancer (GC) cases, many GC patients in remission experience side effects or complications that influence their physical function and family relationships. Compared with other types of cancer patients, survivors of GC face greater challenges in terms of physical and psychological adaptations, and many of these do not receive sufficient assistance. An in-depth understanding of the lived experiences and demands of GC survivors is key to constructing comprehensive related healthcare services...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022737/implementation-of-an-integrative-medicine-treatment-program-at-a-veterans-health-administration-residential-mental-health-facility
#4
Melinda A Gaddy
A 4-week interdisciplinary integrative medicine program was recently added to the core treatment offerings for veterans participating in the Mental Health Residential Rehabilitation Program at the Dwight D. Eisenhower Veterans Affairs Medical Center. The new integrative medicine program teaches veterans about using meditative practices, nutrition, creative expression, tai chi, hatha yoga, sensory and breathing techniques, and lifestyle changes to enhance well-being. The groups are run by professionals from a variety of disciplines including recreation therapy, art therapy, occupational therapy, psychology, and nutrition...
October 12, 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017605/collaborative-shared-care-to-improve-psychosis-outcome-cosimpo-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Oye Gureje, Victor Makanjuola, Lola Kola, Bidemi Yusuf, Leshawndra Price, Oluyomi Esan, Bibilola D Oladeji, John Appiah-Poku, Benjamin Haris, Caleb Othieno, Soraya Seedat
BACKGROUND: Psychotic disorders are a group of severe mental disorders that cause considerable disability to sufferers and a high level of burden to families. In many low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), traditional and faith healers are the main providers of care to affected persons. Even though frequently canvassed as desirable for improved care delivery, collaboration between these complementary alternative health providers (CAPs) and conventional health providers has yet to be rigorously tested for feasibility and effectiveness on patient outcomes...
October 10, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994622/characteristics-and-correlates-of-coping-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review
#6
Maryam Keramat Kar, Lisa Whitehead, Catherine M Smith
PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review was to examine coping strategies that people with multiple sclerosis use, and to identify factors that influence their coping pattern. METHOD: This systematic review followed the Joanna Briggs Institute guidelines for synthesizing descriptive quantitative research. The following databases were searched from the inception of databases until December 2016: Ovid (Medline, Embase, CINAHL, and PsycINFO), Science Direct, Web of Science, and Scopus...
October 10, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988517/developing-and-testing-a-consensus-based-core-set-of-outcome-measures-for-rehabilitation-in-musculoskeletal-diseases
#7
M Klokkerud, H Dagfinrud, T Uhlig, T N Dager, K-A Furunes, Å Klokkeide, M Larsen, S Nygård, S Nylenna, L Øie, I Kjeken
OBJECTIVES: Rehabilitation is important for people with musculoskeletal diseases (MSDs), and evaluating the effect of rehabilitation on both an individual and group level is advocated. A consensus concerning use of outcome measures will improve collaboration between healthcare providers, and increase the possibility of conducting meta-analyses in future research. The aim of this study was to develop a consensus-based core set of outcome measures for rehabilitation in MSDs, and to test the feasibility and responsiveness of the set...
October 9, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988342/spectrum-of-outcomes-following-traumatic-brain-injury-relationship-between-functional-impairment-and-health-related-quality-of-life
#8
Anastasia Tsyben, Mathew Guilfoyle, Ivan Timofeev, Fahim Anwar, Judith Allanson, Joanne Outtrim, David Menon, Peter Hutchinson, Adel Helmy
BACKGROUND: The outcome following traumatic brain injury (TBI) is heterogeneous and poorly defined and physical disability scales like the extended Glasgow Outcome Score (GOSE) while providing valuation information in terms of broad categorisation of outcome are unlikely to capture the full spectrum of deficits. Quality of life questionnaires such as SF-36 are emerging as potential tools to help characterise factors important to patients' recovery. This study assessed the association between physical disability and subjective health rating...
October 7, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972916/psychiatric-morbidity-among-physically-injured-syrian-refugees-in-turkey
#9
Saleem Al-Nuaimi, Samer Aldandashi, Abdul Kadir Saed Easa, Maher Saqqur
OBJECTIVE: To the best of our knowledge, the mental health status of physically injured Syrian refugees has not yet been investigated. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity among physically injured Syrian refugees in Turkey receiving treatment at the main rehabilitation centre near the Syrian border. METHOD: This is a cross sectional study. Information was collected from consenting injured Syrian refugees at Dar-el-Shefa'a Hospital in Reyhanlı (Turkey) during a one week period in December 2012 and another one week period in August 2013...
August 26, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953847/telepsychiatry-and-virtual-reality-an-the-teatment-of-patients-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities
#10
Krzysztof Krysta, Marek Krzystanek, Wiesław J Cubała, Mariusz S Wiglusz, Katarzyna Jakuszkowiak-Wojten, Maria Gałuszko-Węgielnik, Monika Czarnowska-Cubała, Joanna Szarmach, Adam Włodarczyk, Małgorzata Janas-Kozik
BACKGROUND: Treatment and rehabilitation of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities is a multidisciplinary challenge, which require implementing new attitudes. The use of modern technology solutions like telepsychiatry or virtual reality may be a valuable addition to the traditional methods. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review was to explore the usability of new technological solutions in this special population of patients. METHODS: The search in the PubMed was conducted using the following terms: (intellectual disability (Title/Abstract) OR developmental disability OR learning disorder (Title/Abstract)) AND virtual reality (Title/Abstract) OR telepsychiatry OR telemedicine OR e-mental health AND English (lang) AND (1995/01/01(PDAT): 2017/07/31(PDAT))...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949305/the-importance-of-individual-mental-status-for-the-true-value-of-functional-self-reported-questionnaires-used-in-medical-rehabilitation
#11
Nada Tomasović Mrčela, Josip Anđelo Borovac, Tonko Vlak, Davorka Vrdoljak, Marina Polić Vižintin
The physical and mental health are inseparable and integral components of one's health and as such should always be addressed during the process of medical rehabilitation. It should be an obvious fact that the state of individual' mental health can influence and even more, modify, the outcomes of medical rehabilitation. Furthermore, the state of mental status has an effect in determining the reliability of functional self-reported questionnaires that are frequently used in medical rehabilitation. In conclusion, the evaluation and assessment of the individual's mental health status need to be incorporated as a regular part of the comprehensive and holistic approach to medical rehabilitation...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943040/treatment-of-musculo-skeletal-pain-in-haemophilia
#12
REVIEW
E Carlos Rodriguez-Merchan
Musculo-skeletal pain treatment is inadequate in many haemophilic patients. Analgesics are used only by 36% of adult patients. FVIII/FIX intravenous infusion is mainly used to lessen pain, followed in frequency by usage of NSAIDS (primarily COX-2 inhibitors). In about 30% of patients, pain continues after infusion of F VIII/IX. In acute haemarthroses pain treatment must continue until total disappearance (checked by ultrasonography) and include haematologic treatment, short-term rest of the involved joint, cryotherapy, joint aspiration and analgesic medication (paracetamol in mild pain, metamizole for more intense pain, and in a few precise patients, soft opioids such as codeine or tramadol)...
September 19, 2017: Blood Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941936/the-effect-of-the-probalance-programme-on-health-related-quality-of-life-of-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Bruna R Gouveia, Élvio R Gouveia, Andreas Ihle, Helena G Jardim, Maria M Martins, Duarte L Freitas, Matthias Kliegel
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is an important health outcome in older adults. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of the ProBalance rehabilitation programme on HRQoL of community-dwelling older adults with balance impairments and to investigate whether effects differ between age groups and/or HRQoL components. METHODS: A single-blind, randomised controlled trial included community-dwelling older adults, aged 65-85, with balance impairments...
September 13, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924104/validation-of-the-r2chads2-and-chads2-scores-for-predicting-post-stroke-cognitive-impairment
#14
Kazuo Washida, Hisatomo Kowa, Hirotoshi Hamaguchi, Fumio Kanda, Tatsushi Toda
Objective Post-stroke cognitive impairment often afflicts stroke survivors and is a major obstacle both for cognitive and physical rehabilitation. Stroke risk scores ["Congestive heart failure, Hypertension, Age ≥75 years, Diabetes mellitus, Stroke" (CHADS2) and "CHADS2 + creatinine clearance <60 mL/min" (R2CHADS2)] are used to assess the future risk of cardioembolic stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). However, congestive heart failure, hypertension, aging, diabetes mellitus, stroke, and renal dysfunction are also risk factors for cognitive impairment...
September 15, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915856/exercise-prescription-for-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-potential-benefits-and-practical-recommendations
#15
Farzin Halabchi, Zahra Alizadeh, Mohammad Ali Sahraian, Maryam Abolhasani
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) can result in significant mental and physical symptoms, specially muscle weakness, abnormal walking mechanics, balance problems, spasticity, fatigue, cognitive impairment and depression. Patients with MS frequently decrease physical activity due to the fear from worsening the symptoms and this can result in reconditioning. Physicians now believe that regular exercise training is a potential solution for limiting the reconditioning process and achieving an optimal level of patient activities, functions and many physical and mental symptoms without any concern about triggering the onset or exacerbation of disease symptoms or relapse...
September 16, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911242/european-validation-of-the-comprehensive-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-core-set-for-osteoarthritis-from-the-perspective-of-patients-with-osteoarthritis-of-the-knee-or-hip
#16
Martin Weigl, Heike Wild
PURPOSE: To validate the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health Comprehensive Core Set for Osteoarthritis from the patient perspective in Europe. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This multicenter cross-sectional study involved 375 patients with knee or hip osteoarthritis. Trained health professionals completed the Comprehensive Core Set, and patients completed the Short-Form 36 questionnaire. Content validity was evaluated by calculating prevalences of impairments in body function and structures, limitations in activities and participation and environmental factors, which were either barriers or facilitators...
September 15, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901543/role-of-mhealth-in-overcoming-the-occurrence-of-post-stroke-depression
#17
REVIEW
J J Miranda, M G Moscoso, M Toyama, V Cavero, F Diez-Canseco, B Ovbiagele
Depression associated with stroke affects roughly one-third of stroke survivors. Post-stroke depression (PSD) is thought to adversely influence functional outcome by limiting participation in rehabilitation, decreasing physical, social, and cognitive function, and affecting neuroplasticity thereby placing stroke survivors at high risk for future vascular events. PSD has also been associated with higher mortality rates after stroke. In Peru, a country where there is no national stroke program and mental health disorders are largely underdiagnosed and untreated, people with PSD are likely to be further challenged by dependency and impoverished conditions that will limit their use of ambulatory services, leading to inadequate clinical follow-up...
September 13, 2017: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889845/effect-of-electroacupuncture-rehabilitation-in-transverse-myelitis-a-case-report
#18
Sriloy Mohanty, Rabin Lal Shrestha
A 32-year-old male diagnosed with transverse myelitis in 2013 came to our clinic in 2015 with complaints of paraplegia, sensory disturbances, pain, exertional dyspnea, poor quality of sleep, emotional instability, and depression. This was a recurrent attack that had been exacerbated by post-traumatic stress. Owing to pain and functional disabilities, he was struggling to actively participate in the treatment modalities offered at our center. A modified protocol of electroacupuncture was planned for a period of 21 days, every day, with each session lasting for 30 minutes...
August 2017: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884102/effects-of-preoperative-walking-ability-and-patient-s-surgical-education-on-quality-of-life-and-functional-outcomes-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#19
Sunil K Dash, Nishit Palo, Geetanjali Arora, Sidharth S Chandel, Mithilesh Kumar
OBJECTIVE: Prospectively analyze the effect of preoperative walking status and the patient's surgical education on functional outcomes and the three dimensions of quality of life (QoL) (pain, physical function, and mental health) after elective total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: A comparative analysis on the QoL and functional outcomes in patients who underwent total knee arthroplasty between January 2014 and June 2015. To compare effects of the patient's walking status and knowledge of the surgical procedure on QoL and functional outcomes following TKA by means of SF-36 questionnaire, CES D10, VAS, KSS, KSFS, WOMAC, as well as Friedmann and Wyman scores, 10MWT, and 30-second timed chair test, assessed before the operation and one, three, and six months after the operation...
June 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878731/head-eye-vestibular-motion-therapy-affects-the-mental-and-physical-health-of-severe-chronic-postconcussion-patients
#20
Frederick Robert Carrick, Joseph F Clark, Guido Pagnacco, Matthew M Antonucci, Ahmed Hankir, Rashid Zaman, Elena Oggero
CONTEXT: Approximately 1.8-3.6 million annual traumatic brain injuries occur in the United States. An evidence-based treatment for concussions that is reliable and effective has not been available. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to test whether head-eye vestibular motion (HEVM) therapy is associated with decreased symptoms and increased function in postconcussive syndrome (PCS) patients that have been severely impaired for greater than 6 months after a mild traumatic brain injury...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
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