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Physical rehabilitation mental

Margaret Cupples, Neil Heron
This paper will review the current role of general practitioners (GPs) in providing cardiovascular prevention for patients after attendance at a cardiac rehabilitation program. Long-term implementation of preventive strategies is needed for continued impact on reducing risk of cardiovascular events and GPs have a major role in providing ongoing continuing medical care. Awareness of patients' social, cultural and physical circumstances allows the GP to identify individuals' needs for support in engaging in secondary prevention: relevant brief interventions can promote behaviour change in physical activity, diet and smoking habits, as well as promoting mental health and adherence to optimal medical therapy...
October 14, 2016: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
Savita Katbamna, Lisa Manning, Amit Mistri, Mark Johnson, Thompson Robinson
OBJECTIVES: This paper presents the findings of a qualitative study exploring White and British Indian informal stroke carers' experiences of caring, factors contributing to their stress, and strategies used to overcome stress. DESIGN: A qualitative approach involving in-depth interviews was used to explore informal carers' experiences of caring for stroke survivors and the stress of caring at one and three to six months from the onset of stroke. Interviewers bilingual in English and Gujarati or Punjabi conducted interviews with carers...
October 15, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
Hui-Chuan Huang, Chien-Hung Chang, Chaur-Jong Hu, Meei-Ling Shyu, Chin-I Chen, Chih-Shan Huang, Hsiu-Ting Tsai, Hsiu-Ju Chang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the temporal effects of psychological distress on the functional recovery among stroke survivors. DESIGN: A longitudinal follow-up study. All participants were interviewed at 5 days after stroke onset, and at 1, 2, 3, and 6 months after discharge from acute care hospitals. SETTING: Neurology inpatient and outpatient departments and rehabilitation clinics. PARTICIPANTS: First-time stroke participants (N=62) without cognitive impairment, psychiatric disorders, or cancer were recruited...
October 12, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Praful Schroff, Jason Hitchcock, Christopher Schumann, J Michael Wells, Mark T Dransfield, Surya P Bhatt
Rationale Current practice guidelines recommend pulmonary rehabilitation as an adjunct to standard pharmacologic therapy for individuals with moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Whether pulmonary rehabilitation benefits all subjects with COPD independent of baseline disease burden is not known. Objective To test whether pulmonary rehabilitation benefits patients with COPD independent of baseline exercise capacity, dyspnea and lung function. Methods Data from a prospectively maintained database of participants with COPD enrolled in pulmonary rehabilitation at the University of Alabama at Birmingham from 1996 to 2013 was retrospectively analyzed...
October 14, 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
J Dannenmaier, S Jankowiak, R Kaluscha, G Müller, G Krischak
Objective: Effects of a combined orthopedic and psychosomatic rehabilitation (VOP) concept are evaluated in contrast to psychosomatic and orthopedic rehabilitation. Therefore both mental and physical health of rehabilitants are compared. Methods: A prospective case-control study was performed in order to gather psychic strain and bodily constitution. Covariance analysis was conducted to expose significant differences between groups. Results: An equal clinically relevant reduction of psychological distress could be achieved with psychosomatic rehabilitation (N=322) and VOP (N=511)...
October 2016: Die Rehabilitation
Dominika Batycka-Stachnik, Agnieszka Piwoda, Tomasz Darocha, Malgorzata Spiewak, Sylweriusz Kosinski, Anna Jarosz, Hubert Hymczak, Tomasz Sanak, Robert Galazkowski, Jacek Piatek, Janusz Konstanty-Kalandyk, Rafal Drwila
: The objectives: To show and discuss the most frequent functional problems encountered in patients who underwent extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) treatment after severe hypothermia and point out appropriate physiotherapy procedures used in order to diminish the effects of hypothermia on the human organism. It is necessary to look for effective physiotherapeutic solutions, especially that the number of scientific publications on the subject is very limited. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis Setting: Severe Accidental Hypothermia Center ( medical intensive care unit of a university hospital) Patients or participants: Nineteen patients who were qualified for ECMO in Severe Accidental Hypothermia Center Intervention: At least three times a day rehabilitation session (physiotherapeutic procedures adequate to patient problems) and interventions in case of emergency...
2016: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Tom Meehan, Donna Jones, Terry Stedman, Dean Johnson, Shuichi Suetani, Emma Foreman
OBJECTIVE: To examine the differences in the physical health of Indigenous and non-Indigenous patients with severe mental illness (SMI) undergoing psychiatric rehabilitation. METHODS: An audit of the physical health of patients (n = 361) in all publicly funded residential rehabilitation programs in Queensland was carried out in late 2014. Data collection focused on clinical and lifestyle factors associated with physical health. RESULTS: The prevalence of smoking, substance use and type 2 diabetes in Indigenous patients was significantly higher than rates found in non-Indigenous patients...
October 5, 2016: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
Fernando Winckler Simor, Manoela Rogofski Brum, Jaison Dairon Ebertz Schmidt, Rafael Rieder, Ana Carolina Bertoletti De Marchi
BACKGROUND: Gestural interaction systems are increasingly being used, mainly in games, expanding the idea of entertainment and providing experiences with the purpose of promoting better physical and/or mental health. Therefore, it is necessary to establish mechanisms for evaluating the usability of these interfaces, which make gestures the basis of interaction, to achieve a balance between functionality and ease of use. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to present the results of a systematic review focused on usability evaluation methods for gesture-based games, considering devices with motion-sensing capability...
October 4, 2016: JMIR Serious Games
J Calderón, P Flores, J M Aguirre, G Valdivia, O Padilla, I Barra, L Scoriels, S Herrera, A González, L Massardo
OBJECTIVES: To define the relative role of cognitive impairment, depression, disease activity, and disease damage in the decreased health-related quality of life (HRQoL) frequently observed in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. METHOD: We studied 101 Chilean female SLE patients and applied the 12-item Medical Outcomes Study (MOS) Short Form Health Survey version 2 (SF-12v2) to assess HRQoL and the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB) to assess cognitive function...
October 5, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
Louise M Fuller, Brenda Button, Ben Tarrant, Ranjana Steward, Lisa Bennett, Greg Snell, Anne E Holland
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effects of a supervised longer (14 week) versus shorter duration, (7 week) rehabilitation program after lung transplantation (LTX). DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial SETTING: Post lung transplantation patients were randomised to either a shorter rehabilitation program (7 weeks) or a longer program (14 weeks) in an outpatient rehabilitation gym setting. PARTICIPANTS: Post lung transplantation patients aged 18 years or older who had undergone either single (SLTX) or bilateral lung (BSLTX) transplantation...
September 30, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Janet F Jensen, Ingrid Egerod, Morten H Bestle, Doris F Christensen, Ask Elklit, Randi L Hansen, Heidi Knudsen, Louise B Grode, Dorthe Overgaard
PURPOSE: The aim of this randomized controlled trial (RCT) was to test the effectiveness of a post-ICU recovery program compared to standard care during the first year after ICU discharge. METHODS: A pragmatic, non-blinded, multicenter, parallel-group RCT was conducted between December 2012 and December 2015, at ten intensive care units (ICUs) in Denmark. We randomly assigned 386 adult patients (≥18 years) after receiving mechanical ventilation (≥48 h) to standard care (SC) plus a nurse-led intensive care recovery program or standard care alone after ICU discharge (190 intervention, 196 SC)...
September 30, 2016: Intensive Care Medicine
Nora E Fritz, Snehashis Roy, Jennifer Keller, Jerry Prince, Peter A Calabresi, Kathleen M Zackowski
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is characterized by physical and mental impairments that often result in pain and reduced quality of life. OBJECTIVE: To understand the relationship of pain, quality of life, and cognition to structural measures of brain volume. METHODS: Behavioral measures were assessed in a single session using standardized questionnaires and rating scales. Brain volume measures were assessed with structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
September 27, 2016: NeuroRehabilitation
E Billis, C Koutsojannis, C Matzaroglou, J Gliatis, K Fousekis, G Gioftsos, M Papandreou, C McCarthy, J A Oldham, E Tsepis
BACKGROUND: Although low back pain (LBP) is a debilitating problem internationally, there is not a lot of research on its impact on physical, psychosocial and lifestyle factors. Especially in Mediterranean countries, such as Greece, it is not sufficiently explored whether physical (pain location, activity limitation etc.), sociodemographic (education, smoking etc.) or lifestyle factors (i.e. quality of life or anxiety) are influenced by LBP. OBJECTIVE: To estimate LBP prevalence in the Greek general population and explore its association with particular sociodemographic, physical and lifestyle factors...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Elena Fiabane, Eleonora Ferraris, Paola Ranalletti, Debora Conti, Ines Giorgi, Marcella Ottonello, Piergiorgio Argentero
INTRODUCTION: Substance dependence problems are considered to be a relevant issue for a large proportion of the working population and represent a huge health and occupational cost. However, few studies have examined the return to work after addiction problems. AIMS: This exploratory follow-up study aims to evaluate the return to work, in terms of employment outcomes, perceived work environment and physical and mental health of patients who have completed an addiction rehabilitation program and an employment and social intervention...
2016: La Medicina del Lavoro
Houda Migaou Miled, Hichem Ben Brahim, Yafa Hadj Hassine, Soumaya Boudokhane, Nesrine Abdelkafi, Aymen Haj Salah, Sana Salah, Anis Jellad, Zohra Ben Salah Frih
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the quality of life and psychological state of the lower limb amputees. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Prospective study on the lower limb amputees followed at the Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation department of the University Hospital of Monastir. The variables analyzed were epidemiological, clinical with an assessment of the patients quality of life using the quality score of life "Short form 36" (SF_36) and a psychological evaluation by the score "Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale" (HAD)...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Laila Mahir, Karima Belhaj, Siham Zahi, Herman Azanmasso, Fatima Lmidmani, Abdellatif El Fatimi
OBJECTIVE/INTRODUCTION: The aging of the population is of osteoarthritis a major public health problem. It is a source of pain and functional disability and therefore has a very important social and professional impact. OBJECTIVE: To review the quality of life for knee osteoarthritis people across scales. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: descriptive prospective study over 6 months of 30 knee OA patients collected in physical medicine and functional rehabilitation of Ibn Rushd University Hospital, Casablanca, Morocco...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Tiphaine Bourseau, Flavie Fremondière, Valérie Dubus, Bénédicte Gohier, Dewi Le Gal, Fabien Cave, Isabelle Richard, Nicolas Lerolle
OBJECTIVE: After critical illness, some survivors experience long-term physical, functional, neurocognitive and/or mental health impairments, which has been termed "Post-Intensive Care syndrome" (PICS) [1]. A specific follow-up is required and many specialized follow-up clinics have been created both abroad and in France. The aim of this study is to evaluate long-term outcomes after critical illness, through the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, and to analyse rehabilitation needs after intensive care unit (ICU) discharge...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Sameh Ghroubi, Samar Alila, Islem Feki, Mohamed Habib Elleuch
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the quality of life (QoL) of traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients and to explore its predictive factors. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a descriptive and analytical cross-sectional study, including 27 TBI patients followed in the physical medicine and rehabilitation department (PMR). The collected data were: age, educational level, marital status, initial Glosgow score and intensive care unit length of stay...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Laila Mahir, Siham Zahi, Soumia Meftah, Herman Azanmasso, Fatima Lmidmani, Abdellatif El Fatimi
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: the sternoclavicular joint is very stable due to a strong ligamentous system, disjunctions are rare. Their diagnosis is difficult. Plain radiography does not allow a proper analysis and use of CT scans is necessary. They can be life-threatening in their posterior variety due to the proximity of the noble elements of the mediastinum. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to describe the evolution of the sternoclavicular disjunction after functional rehabilitation through 6 observations...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Adina M Piovesana, Stephanie Ross, Owen Lloyd, Koa Whittingham, Jenny Ziviani, Robert S Ware, Roslyn N Boyd
: Purpose state: Determine the efficacy of Move-it-to-improve-it (Mitii™), a multi-modal web-based program, in improving Executive Function (EF) in children with unilateral cerebral palsy (UCP). METHOD: Participants (n = 102) were matched in pairs then randomized to: intervention (Mitii™ for 20 weeks; n = 51; 26 males; mean age = 11 years 8 months (SD = 2 years 4 months); Full Scale IQ = 84.65 (SD = 15.19); 28 left UCP; GMFCS-E&R (I = 20, II = 31) or waitlist control (n = 50; 25 males; mean age = 11 years 10 months (SD = 2 years 5 months); Full Scale IQ = 80...
September 24, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
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