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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106572/training-in-positivity-for-stroke-a-qualitative-study-of-acceptability-of-use-of-positive-mental-training-posmt-as-a-tool-to-assist-stroke-survivors-with-post-stroke-psychological-problems-and-in-coping-with-rehabilitation
#1
Nahal Mavaddat, Sheila Ross, Alastair Dobbin, Kate Williams, Jonathan Graffy, Jonathan Mant
BACKGROUND: Post-stroke psychological problems predict poor recovery, while positive affect enables patients to focus on rehabilitation and may improve functional outcomes. Positive Mental Training (PosMT), a guided self-help audio shows promise as a tool in promoting positivity, optimism and resilience. OBJECTIVE: To assess acceptability of training in positivity with PosMT for prevention and management of post-stroke psychological problems and to help with coping with rehabilitation...
January 18, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103871/a-descriptive-survey-study-of-violence-management-and-priorities-among-psychiatric-staff-in-mental-health-services-across-seventeen-european-countries
#2
Seamus Cowman, Anna Björkdahl, Eric Clarke, Georgina Gethin, Jim Maguire
BACKGROUND: In mental health services what is commonplace across international frontiers is that to prevent aggressive patients from harming themselves, other patients or staff, coercive measures and foremost, violence management strategies are required. There is no agreement, recommendations or direction from the EU on which measures of coercion should be practiced across EU countries, and there is no overall one best practice approach. METHODS: The project was conceived through an expert group, the European Violence in Psychiatry Research Group (EViPRG)...
January 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099988/exercise-based-rehabilitation-programmes-for-pulmonary-hypertension
#3
REVIEW
Norman R Morris, Fiona D Kermeen, Anne E Holland
BACKGROUND: Individuals with pulmonary hypertension (PH) have reduced exercise capacity and quality of life. Despite initial concerns that exercise training may worsen symptoms in this group, several studies have reported improvements in functional capacity and well-being following exercise-based rehabilitation in PH. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and safety of exercise-based rehabilitation for people with PH. Primary outcomes were exercise capacity, adverse events during the intervention period and health-related quality of life (HRQoL)...
January 19, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096255/sheppheartcabg-trial-comprehensive-early-rehabilitation-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-protocol-for-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#4
Ida Elisabeth Højskov, Philip Moons, Niels Viggo Hansen, Søren La Cour, Peter Skov Olsen, Christian Gluud, Per Winkel, Jane Lindschou, Lau Caspar Thygesen, Ingrid Egerod, Selina Kikkenborg Berg
INTRODUCTION: Patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery often experience a range of symptoms. Studies indicate that non-pharmacological interventions such as exercise training and psychoeducation have a positive physiological and psychological effect in early outpatient rehabilitation. The SheppHeartCABG trial will investigate the effect of early comprehensive rehabilitation in early phase rehabilitation versus usual care. The aim of this paper is to present the protocol for the SheppHeartCABG trial...
January 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095787/the-effects-of-habitual-functional-training-on-physical-functioning-in-patients-after-hip-fracture-the-protocol-of-the-hipfrac-study
#5
Kristi Elisabeth Heiberg, Vigdis Bruun-Olsen, Astrid Bergland
BACKGROUND: The survivors after hip fracture often report severe pain and loss of physical functioning. The poor outcomes cause negative impact on the person's physical functioning and quality of life and put a financial burden on society. Rehabilitation is important to improve physical functioning after hip fracture. To maintain the continuity in rehabilitation we have an assumption that it is of utmost importance to continue and progress the functional training that already started at the hospital, while the patients are transferred to short-term stays in a nursing home before they are returning to home...
January 17, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093012/male-coping-through-a-long-term-cancer-trajectory-secondary-outcomes-from-a-rtc-examining-the-effect-of-a-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-program-repca-among-radiated-men-with-prostate-cancer
#6
Karin B Dieperink, Christoffer Johansen, Steinbjørn Hansen, Lis Wagner, Klaus K Andersen, Lisbeth R Minet, Olfred Hansen
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to examine if rehabilitation influenced self-reported male coping styles during and up to three years after treatment with radiotherapy for prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a single-center oncology unit in Odense, Denmark, 161 prostate cancer patients treated with radiotherapy and androgen deprivation therapy were included in a randomized controlled trial from 2010 to 2012. The trial examined the effect of a multidisciplinary rehabilitation program within six months of treatment consisting of two nursing counseling sessions and two instructive sessions with a physical therapist (n = 79), or standard care (n = 82)...
January 17, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086784/health-related-quality-of-life-assessment-in-acute-coronary-syndrome-patients-the-effectiveness-of-early-phase-i-cardiac-rehabilitation
#7
Lawrence Anchah, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Melissa Siaw Han Lim, Mohamed Izham Mohamed Ibrahim, Kui Hian Sim, Tiong Kiam Ong
BACKGROUND: Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) is one of the most burdensome cardiovascular diseases in terms of the cost of interventions. The Cardiac Rehabilitation Programme (CRP) is well-established in improving clinical outcomes but the assessment of actual clinical improvement is challenging, especially when considering pharmaceutical care (PC) values in phase I CRP during admission and upon discharge from hospital and phase II outpatient interventions. This study explores the impact of pharmacists' interventions in the early stages of CRP on humanistic outcomes and follow-up at a referral hospital in Malaysia...
January 13, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077225/age-does-matter-younger-ppci-patients-profit-more-from-cardiac-rehabilitation-than-older-patients
#8
Kimberley Pieters, Elisabeth M W J Utens, Nienke Ter Hoeve, Myrna van Geffen, Karolijn Dulfer, Madoka Sunamura, Ron T van Domburg
BACKGROUND: Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is recommended as secondary prevention in primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) patients. This study was conducted to expand the knowledge about age-effects of CR in pPCI patients. The aim of this study was to compare changes in subjective health status (SHS) during and after CR between patients <60years and patients ≥60years, who underwent pPCI after myocardial infarction. METHODS: Between 2009 and 2011, in total 282 pPCI patients who participated in CR were included...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068863/an-exploratory-study-investigating-the-multidimensional-factors-impacting-the-health-and-well-being-of-young-adults-with-cerebral-palsy
#9
Susan E Sienko
BACKGROUND: For young adults with cerebral palsy, changes in psychological and social development, in conjunction with the progression of musculoskeletal deformities and the onset of secondary conditions, make the transition to adulthood a difficult developmental phase. Preliminary evidence shows that many of the physical impairments reported in adults with cerebral palsy begin during late adolescence; however, there is little information about prevalence of impairments and the combined role impairments, psychological and social factors have on the health and well-being of young adults with cerebral palsy...
January 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060949/health-related-quality-of-life-in-a-dutch-rehabilitation-population-reference-values-and-the-effect-of-physical-activity
#10
Leonie A Krops, Eva A Jaarsma, Pieter U Dijkstra, Jan H B Geertzen, Rienk Dekker
PURPOSE: To establish reference values for Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) in a Dutch rehabilitation population, and to study effects of patient characteristics, diagnosis and physical activity on HRQoL in this population. METHOD: Former rehabilitation patients (3169) were asked to fill in a questionnaire including the Dutch version of the RAND-36. Differences between our rehabilitation patients and Dutch reference values were analyzed (t-tests). Effects of patient characteristics, diagnosis and movement intensity on scores on the subscales of the RAND-36 were analyzed using block wise multiple regression analyses...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060437/trajectories-of-heroin-use-10-11-year-findings-from-the-australian-treatment-outcome-study
#11
Maree Teesson, Christina Marel, Shane Darke, Joanne Ross, Tim Slade, Lucy Burns, Michael Lynskey, Sonja Memedovic, Joanne White, Katherine L Mills
AIMS: To identify trajectories of heroin use in Australia, predictors of trajectory group membership, and subsequent outcomes, among people with heroin dependence over 10-11-years. DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort study. SETTING: Sydney, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: 615 participants were recruited between 2001-2002 as part of the Australian Treatment Outcome Study (66.2% male; mean age 29). The predominance of the cohort (87...
January 6, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029063/computerized-physical-activity-training-for-persons-with-severe-mental-illness-experiences-from-a-communal-supported-housing-project
#12
Amanda Lundvik Gyllensten, Karl-Anton Forsberg
PURPOSE: To study the effectiveness of Exergames in communal psychiatry for persons with severe mental illness, a randomized cluster study was performed. The hypothesis was to increase physical activity habits to improve somatic health. To identify factors promoting or impeding the use of the Exergames. METHODS: Assessments of BMI, blood pressure, physical fitness, SF36, GAF and social interactions were studied at baseline and 10 months. An integrated methods design using content analysis of focus group interviews was integrated with a statistical analysis...
December 28, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017280/nutritional-beliefs-and-practices-among-diabetic-pregnant-mothers-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-bangladesh
#13
Ummy Salma Munni, Sharmin Hossain, Kazi Rumana Ahmed
BACKGROUND & AIM: Pregnant mothers with diabetes, especially in developing countries, are particularly prone to suffer from dietary imbalances due to superstitions and irrational beliefs and practices. The study aimed to explore the existing beliefs and practices related to food intake among Bangladeshi diabetic pregnant mothers. MATERIAL & METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 200 diabetic pregnant mothers (age in yrs, M±SD, 30±4), selected purposively from outpatient department of Bangladesh Institute of Research and Rehabilitation in Diabetes, Endocrine & Metabolic Disorders...
December 13, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007811/continuities-of-risk-in-the-era-of-the-mental-capacity-act
#14
John Fanning
When compared with the Mental Capacity Act (MCA) 2005, the Mental Health Act (MHA) 1983 seems an outlier. It authorises compulsory treatment of mental disorders on the basis of P's risks. English law, therefore, discriminates between mental and physical disorders. Following the UK's ratification of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD), the MHA probably also violates international law. Against this backdrop, one might expect that decisions contingent on risk are confined to the MHA and have no relevance elsewhere...
2016: Medical Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997466/prevalence-of-depression-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-after-acute-orthopaedic-trauma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Stefano Muscatelli, Hayley Spurr, Nathan N OʼHara, Lyndsay M OʼHara, Sheila A Sprague, Gerard P Slobogean
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to systematically assess the existing literature and to derive a pooled estimate of the prevalence of depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adult patients after acute orthopaedic trauma. DATA SOURCES: A comprehensive search of databases, including MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases was conducted through June 2015. STUDY SELECTION: We included studies that assessed the prevalence of depression or PTSD in patients who experienced acute orthopaedic trauma to the appendicular skeleton or pelvis...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996326/outcomes-of-repetitive-facilitation-exercises-in-convalescent-patients-after-stroke-with-impaired-health-status
#16
Shuji Matsumoto, Megumi Shimodozono, Tomokazu Noma, Tomohiro Uema, Shinya Horio, Kazutoshi Tomioka, Jun-Ichi Sameshima, Naoya Yunoki, Kazumi Kawahira
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of stroke on health status and the effects of repetitive facilitation exercises (RFEs) for convalescent patients after stroke. METHODS: The study was a prospective observational study of patients enrolled in an RFE programme. Between April 2008 and March 2012, 468 patients with stroke were enrolled in an intensive, comprehensive RFE programme. Patients participated in this interdisciplinary programme for 12 weeks, for an average of 5 hours per week...
2016: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996219/self-management-and-self-efficacy-in-stroke-survivors-validation-of-the-italian-version-of-the-stroke-self-efficacy-questionnaire
#17
Laura Dallolio, Rossella Messina, Simona Calugi, Stefania Fugazzaro, Roberta Bardelli, Paola Rucci, Maria P Fantini, Enrica Cavalli, Mariangela Taricco
BACKGROUND: Self-efficacy is an important mediator of the adaptation process after stroke. However, few studies have attempted to measure self-efficacy in a stroke population. The most recently developed scale is the Stroke Self-Efficacy Questionnaire that measures self-efficacy ratings in specific domains of functioning relevant for a stroke survivor. AIM: The aim of this study was to validate the Italian version of Stroke Self-efficacy Questionnaire in stroke survivors...
December 19, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996218/association-of-early-physical-activity-time-with-pain-activities-of-daily-living-and-progression-of-vertebral-body-collapse-in-patients-with-vertebral-compression-fractures-an-observational-study-at-single-institution
#18
Hideki Kataoka, Tatsunori Ikemoto, Ayana Yoshimura, Mihoko Shibuya, Kyo Goto, Jyunichirou Yamashita, Kaoru Morita, Jyunya Sakamoto, Jiro Nakano, Minoru Okita
BACKGROUND: Physical activity can reduce pain and improve the ability to perform daily activities in patients with acute low back pain (LBP) due to various non-specific causes. The association between physical activity during the early phase of acute vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) and rehabilitation outcomes is unknown. AIM: To investigate the effects of early physical activity time (EPAT) on pain following acute VCFs, recovery of the ability to perform activities of daily living (ADLs), and progression of fractured vertebral body collapse...
December 19, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993357/amputation-not-a-failure-for-severe-lower-extremity-combat-injury
#19
Thijs T C F van Dongen, Eelco P Huizinga, Loes G M de Kruijff, Arie C van der Krans, Jochem M Hoogendoorn, Luke P H Leenen, Rigo Hoencamp
INTRODUCTION: The use of improvised explosive devices is a frequent method of insurgents to inflict harm on deployed military personnel. Consequently, lower extremity injuries make up the majority of combat related trauma. The wounding pattern of an explosion is not often encountered in a civilian population and can lead to substantial disability. It is therefore important to study the impact of these lower extremity injuries and their treatment (limb salvage versus amputation) on functional outcome and quality of life...
December 10, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984029/geographic-variation-in-outpatient-health-care-service-utilization-after-spinal-cord-injury
#20
Nathaniel Bell, Tsion Kidanie, Bo Cai, James S Krause
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether travel distances between patients and providers predict the frequency in which outpatient health care services are accessed after spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study was carried out in South Carolina among employee health plan and Medicaid insurance recipients. SETTING: Research center. PARTICIPANTS: Two years of outpatient claimant data were evaluated from patients (N=243) aged ≥18 years who were hospitalized between 2010 and 2012...
October 27, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
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