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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433493/protocol-for-the-individual-placement-and-support-ips-in-pain-trial-a-randomized-controlled-trial-investigating-the-effectiveness-of-ips-for-patients-with-chronic-pain
#1
Lene Therese B Linnemørken, Vigdis Sveinsdottir, Thomas Knutzen, Linn Rødevand, Kjersti Helene Hernæs, Silje Endresen Reme
BACKGROUND: Work disability involves large costs to the society as well as to the individual. Work disability is common among people with chronic pain conditions, yet few effective interventions exist. Individual Placement and Support (IPS) is an evidence-based work rehabilitation model originally developed to help people with severe mental illness obtain and maintain employment. The effectiveness of IPS for patients with severe mental illness is well documented, but the model has never before been tested for patients with chronic pain...
February 13, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423279/physiotherapy-for-people-with-mental-health-problems-in-sub-saharan-african-countries-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, Michel Probst, James Mugisha
Background: There is a need for psychosocial interventions to address the escalating mental health burden in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Physiotherapists could have a central role in reducing the burden and facilitating recovery within the multidisciplinary care of people with mental health problems. The aim of this systematic review was to explore the role of physiotherapists within the current mental health policies of SSA countries and to explore the current research evidence for physiotherapy to improve functional outcomes in people with mental health problems in SSA...
2018: Archives of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416322/quality-of-life-and-psychological-consequences-in-elderly-patients-after-a-hip-fracture-a-review
#3
REVIEW
Konstantinos I Alexiou, Andreas Roushias, Sokratis E Varitimidis, Konstantinos N Malizos
Fractures due to fragility of the bone around the hip joint have become a major public health issue, presenting with an increasing incidence due to the growth of the elderly population. The purpose of this review was to evaluate the impact of hip fractures on the quality of life (QoL), health status (HS), functioning, and psychological parameters, and factors influencing the outcome and the appropriate interventions for improvement of elderly patients. A systematic electronic search of the relevant literature was carried out using the CINAHL, Cochrane, EMBASE, Medline (OvidSP), and PubMed databases spanning the time period from their establishment up to January 2017...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402121/john-c-carapanayiotis-1909-1999-the-greek-radiologist-and-pioneer-of-physiatry-in-greece
#4
REVIEW
Christos S S Balta, Alexia P Balanika, Olga J Carapanayiotis, Graeme Hesketh, Markos N Sgantzos
John C. Carapanayiotis was specialized in physical medicine and rehabilitation in the USA in 1948, at a time when the medical world in post-war Greece was ignorant of this specific medical specialty, and the political, economic and social backdrop was incapable of accepting and understanding the wealth of scientific knowledge that he was trying to introduce. At this point it should be noted that the specialty of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation was established in Greece in 1973. John C. Carapanayiotis was a member of the American Congress of Physical Medicine during the 1950's...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393692/beyond-anger-emotion-regulation-and-social-connectedness-in-veterans-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#5
Laraine Winter, Helene J Moriarty, Thomas H Short
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: Patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) often present with emotion dysregulation. Most TBI rehabilitation has addressed this impairment primarily in relation to anger, irritability and aggressiveness. Yet, emotion regulation (ER) may have broader ramifications for psychological well-being. The present study examined ER's association to several aspects of social connectedness. RESEARCH DESIGN: Cross-sectional study Methods and procedures: 83 veterans with TBI who were outpatients at a VA medical rehabilitation service were interviewed in their homes...
February 2, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393188/physical-and-psychological-rehabilitation-of-patients-with-intracranial-glioma
#6
Julija Andrejeva, Olesya V Volkova
Patients with brain tumor frequently experience a combination of physical, cognitive, and communication deficits. These may cause severe psycho-emotional stress altering biological and mental conditions and complicating the course of the primary disease, and thus necessiate physical and psychological rehabilitation. While existing data on the effectiveness of such treatment in patients with intracranial glioma are limited and inconsistent, it is possible to suggest that systematic and multidisciplinary rehabilitation plays a very important therapeutic role and leads to improvements in functional independence, mental and emotional state, and quality of life...
2018: Progress in Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386274/efficacy-of-balance-and-eye-movement-exercises-for-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis-beems
#7
Jeffrey R Hebert, John R Corboy, Timothy Vollmer, Jeri E Forster, Margaret Schenkman
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a multifaceted vestibular-related rehabilitation program (Balance and Eye-Movement Exercises for Persons with Multiple Sclerosis; BEEMS) improves balance in persons with MS and whether there are differences in outcomes based on brainstem/cerebellar lesion involvement. METHODS: A 2-arm, examiner-blinded, stratified (involvement vs no involvement of brainstem/cerebellar structures), randomized controlled trial was implemented. Eighty-eight participants were allocated to BEEMS or no treatment control...
January 31, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381924/health-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-medication-overuse-headache-syndrome-after-standardized-inpatient-rehabilitation-a-cross-sectional-pilot-study
#8
Thomas Benz, Achim Nüssle, Susanne Lehmann, Andreas R Gantenbein, Peter S Sándor, Achim Elfering, André G Aeschlimann, Felix Angst
The aim of this pilot study was to determine health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with history of medication overuse headache (MOH) after detoxification and a headache-specific inpatient rehabilitation program and to receive necessary information for future prospective studies.HRQoL and headache-related disability were cross-sectionally measured by Short Form 36 (SF-36), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Migraine Disability Score (MIDAS), Coping Strategies Questionnaire (CSQ), and Symptom Checklist 90 revised (SCL-90-R)...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362596/cerebrolysin-and-early-neurorehabilitation-in-patients-with-acute-ischemic-stroke-a-prospective-randomized-placebo-controlled-clinical-study
#9
A Stan, C Birle, A Blesneag, M Iancu
Background - Stroke represents one of the most important causes of permanent physical or mental disability. A number of recent advances in recovery have reinforced the idea that pharmacological intervention combined with a specific rehabilitation therapy can reduce disability after stroke. Objective - The aim of this trial was to demonstrate the hypothesis that the association of pharmacological treatment with Cerebrolysin to early physical therapy can significantly stimulate the endogenous processes underlying the recovery after an ischemic stroke...
October 2017: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350344/the-relationship-between-exercise-dose-and-health-related-quality-of-life-with-a-phase-iii-cardiac-rehabilitation-program
#10
Borja Del Pozo-Cruz, Graeme Carrick-Ranson, Stacey Reading, Paul Nolan, Lance C Dalleck
PURPOSE: To quantify the relationship between the change in exercise dose and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in a cohort of patients participating in a community-based phase-3 cardiac rehabilitation (CR) program. METHODS: A retrospective, pre-experimental (no control group) design of 58 participants that completed a phase-3, 12-week exercise-based CR program was used to test the current hypothesis. Self-reported HRQoL (36-Item Short Form Health Survey Version 2, SF-36v2) was assessed prior and after completing the CR program...
January 19, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343930/yoga-based-postoperative-cardiac-rehabilitation-program-for-improving-quality-of-life-and-stress-levels-fifth-year-follow-up-through-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Eraballi Amaravathi, Nagendra Hongasandra Ramarao, Nagarathna Raghuram, Balaram Pradhan
Objectives: This study was aimed to assess the efficacy of yoga-based lifestyle program (YLSP) in improving quality of life (QOL) and stress levels in patients after 5 years of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). Methodology: Three hundred patients posted for elective CABG in Narayana Hrudayalaya Super Speciality Hospital, Bengaluru, were randomized into two groups: YLSP and conventional lifestyle program (CLSP), and follow-up was done for 5 years. Intervention: In YLSP group, all practices of integrative approach of yoga therapy such as yama, niyama, asana, pranayama, and meditation were used as an add-on to conventional cardiac rehabilitation...
January 2018: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334344/content-validity-and-satisfaction-with-a-caregiver-integrated-web-based-rehabilitation-intervention-for-persons-with-stroke
#12
Sarah Blanton, Sandra Dunbar, Patricia C Clark
Background Family members provide valuable contributions during rehabilitation after stroke, but frequently report higher incidences of burden, depression, and social isolation during caregiving. Thus, effective interventions to reduce stroke impact on the family are needed. Objectives To evaluate the content validity and satisfaction of a caregiver-focused web-based intervention designed to improve stroke survivor physical function while reducing caregiver negative outcomes. Methods Caregivers of individuals with stroke (N = 6) and expert rehabilitation researchers (N = 4) were presented with a novel, web-based intervention (CARE-CITE) designed to foster problem-solving and skill-building while facilitating caregiver involvement during constraint-induced movement therapy...
January 15, 2018: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327631/the-association-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-adult-traumatic-brain-injury-concussion-a-scoping-review
#13
Zechen Ma, Mark T Bayley, Laure Perrier, Priya Dhir, Lana Dépatie, Paul Comper, Lesley Ruttan, Christine Lay, Sarah E P Munce
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences are significant risk factors for physical and mental illnesses in adulthood. Traumatic brain injury/concussion is a challenging condition where pre-injury factors may affect recovery. The association between childhood adversity and traumatic brain injury/concussion has not been previously reviewed. The research question addressed is: What is known from the existing literature about the association between adverse childhood experiences and traumatic brain injury/concussion in adults? METHODS: All original studies of any type published in English since 2007 on adverse childhood experiences and traumatic brain injury/concussion outcomes were included...
January 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327599/motor-skills-cognition-and-work-performance-of-people-with-severe-mental-illness
#14
Lena Lipskaya-Velikovsky, Dikla Elgerisi, Adam Easterbrook, Navah Z Ratzon
PURPOSE: Employment offers many benefits to people with mental illness, yet their employment rate is much lower than that of the general population. We investigated the effect of work-related motor skills, neurocognition, and job attitudes on the work performance of people with mental illness, comparing those working in sheltered workshops, with controls working in similar jobs. METHODS: Twenty-nine adults with severe mental illness and 27 controls matched by gender and age were enrolled into the study using convenience sampling...
January 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317222/do-performance-measures-of-strength-balance-and-mobility-predict-quality-of-life-and-community-reintegration-after-stroke
#15
Joshua W Cohen, Tanya D Ivanova, Brenda Brouwer, Kimberly J Miller, Dianne Bryant, S Jayne Garland
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the extent to which physical performance measures of strength, balance and mobility taken at discharge from inpatient stroke rehabilitation can predict health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and community reintegration after 6 months. DESIGN: Longitudinal Study SETTING: University Laboratory PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-five adults recruited within one month following discharge home from inpatient stroke rehabilitation. Inclusion criteria were: major unilateral hemispheric stroke, English speaking, able to communicate, discharged home...
January 6, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316811/the-adult-carer-quality-of-life-questionnaire-ac-qol-comparison-with-measures-of-burden-and-well-being-and-italian-validation
#16
Luca Negri, Gianna Piazza, Raffaela D G Sartori, Mario G Cocchi, Antonella Delle Fave
PURPOSE: Family caregivers are essential assets in the rehabilitation process, and their psychophysical health should represent a concern for healthcare services. This study aims to investigate the psychometric properties of the Adult Carer Quality of Life Questionnaire, Italian version, and its convergent-discriminant validity with measures of caring burden, resilience, health, and well-being. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were 591 parents (89.2% females; aged 25-69) of children treated as outpatients in 14 centers of "Istituto Medea - La Nostra Famiglia", an Italian rehabilitation institution...
January 10, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297082/enhancing-recovery-from-sepsis-a-review
#17
REVIEW
Hallie C Prescott, Derek C Angus
Importance: Survival from sepsis has improved in recent years, resulting in an increasing number of patients who have survived sepsis treatment. Current sepsis guidelines do not provide guidance on posthospital care or recovery. Observations: Each year, more than 19 million individuals develop sepsis, defined as a life-threatening acute organ dysfunction secondary to infection. Approximately 14 million survive to hospital discharge and their prognosis varies. Half of patients recover, one-third die during the following year, and one-sixth have severe persistent impairments...
January 2, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278290/identification-of-prognostic-factors-for-activities-of-daily-living-in-elderly-patients-after-hospitalization-for-acute-infectious-disease-in-japan-a-6-month-follow-up-study
#18
Ryohei Goto, Hiroki Watanabe, Junji Haruta, Madoka Tsutsumi, Shoji Yokoya, Tetsuhiro Maeno
AIM: We investigated factors that predict the prognosis of activities of daily living (ADL) in elderly patients who had undergone rehabilitation during hospitalization for acute infectious disease. METHODS: The present prospective cohort study included 131 patients who were hospitalized due to acute infectious disease and who had undergone rehabilitation during hospitalization. Patient characteristics collected from medical records included age, sex and comorbidity score...
December 26, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250317/prospective-observational-research-on-the-clinical-profile-and-outcome-analysis-among-a-cohort-of-patients-sustaining-traumatic-cervical-spine-and-cord-injury-in-a-peripheral-tertiary-spine-care-centre-in-nepal
#19
Sunil Munakomi, Binod Bhattarai, Iype Cherian
Background: In developing nations like Nepal, spinal cord injury has multispectral consequences for both the patient and their family members. It has the tendency to cripple and handicap the patients, and burn out their caretakers, both physically and mentally. Furthermore, the centralization of health care with only a handful of dedicated rehabilitation centers throughout Nepal further places patients into disarray. This study was carried out as a pilot study to determine the modes of injury, age groups affected, clinical profiles and patterns of injury sustained, as well as the efficacy of managing a subset of patients, who have sustained cervical spine and cord injuries...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242173/exploring-determinants-of-patient-adherence-to-a-portal-supported-oncology-rehabilitation-program-interview-and-data-log-analyses
#20
Hendrik P Buimer, Monique Tabak, Lex van Velsen, Thea van der Geest, Hermie Hermens
BACKGROUND: Telemedicine applications often do not live up to their expectations and often fail once they have reached the operational phase. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore the determinants of patient adherence to a blended care rehabilitation program, which includes a Web portal, from a patient's perspective. METHODS: Patients were enrolled in a 12-week oncology rehabilitation treatment supported by a Web portal that was developed in cooperation with patients and care professionals...
December 14, 2017: JMIR Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies
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