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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647819/the-italian-version-of-the-opening-minds-stigma-scale-for-healthcare-providers-validation-and-study-on-a-sample-of-bachelor-students
#1
Anne Destrebecq, Paolo Ferrara, Luca Frattini, Francesco Pittella, Gemma Rossano, Giuseppe Striano, Stefano Terzoni, Orsola Gambini
Prejudices on psychiatric disorders frequently turn into stigmatizating attitudes, also among health care providers. The Opening Minds Stigma Scale for Health Care Providers (OMS-HC) was introduced in 2012 to measure stigma. No Italian versions of this tool exist so far. We wanted to investigate stigma among healthcare students in Italy, and to prepare an Italian version of the scale. A multicentric, cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of Nursing, Physiotherapy, Occupational therapy, and Dietistics students...
June 24, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580191/motor-imagery-based-rehabilitation-potential-neural-correlates-and-clinical-application-for-functional-recovery-of-motor-deficits-after-stroke
#2
REVIEW
Yanna Tong, John T Pendy, William A Li, Huishan Du, Tong Zhang, Xiaokun Geng, Yuchuan Ding
Motor imagery (MI), defined as the mental implementation of an action in the absence of movement or muscle activation, is a rehabilitation technique that offers a means to replace or restore lost motor function in stroke patients when used in conjunction with conventional physiotherapy procedures. This article briefly reviews the concepts and neural correlates of MI in order to promote improved understanding, as well as to enhance the clinical utility of MI-based rehabilitation regimens. We specifically highlight the role of the cerebellum and basal ganglia, premotor, supplementary motor, and prefrontal areas, primary motor cortex, and parietal cortex...
May 2017: Aging and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514641/mapping-workforce-configuration-and-operational-models-in-australian-emergency-departments-a-national-survey
#3
Glenn Gardner, Anne Gardner, Sandy Middleton, Julie Considine, Gerard Fitzgerald, Luke Christofis, Anna Doubrovsky, Margaret Adams, Jane O'Connell
Objective Hospital emergency departments (ED) in Australia and internationally have been experiencing increased demand, resulting in reduced hospital quality, impaired access and adverse health outcomes. Effective evaluation of new ED service models and their effect on outcomes is reliant on baseline measures of the staffing configuration and organisational characteristics of the EDs being studied. The aim of the present study was to comprehensively measure these variables in Australian EDs.Methods Australian hospital EDs with 24-h medical and nursing cover were identified and invited to participate in the study...
May 18, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427333/the-experiences-of-physiotherapists-treating-people-with-dementia-who-fracture-their-hip
#4
A J Hall, R Watkins, I A Lang, R Endacott, V A Goodwin
BACKGROUND: It is estimated that people with dementia are approximately three times more likely to fracture their hip than sex and age matched controls. A report by the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy found that this population have poor access to rehabilitation as inpatients and in the community. A recent scoping review found a paucity of research in this area, indeed there has been no qualitative research undertaken with physiotherapists. In order to address this evidence gap, the aim of this current study was to explore the experiences of physiotherapists treating this population...
April 20, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356140/clinical-course-and-prognosis-of-musculoskeletal-pain-in-patients-referred-for-physiotherapy-does-pain-site-matter
#5
Nils-Bo de Vos Andersen, Peter Kent, Jakob Hjort, David Høyrup Christiansen
BACKGROUND: Danish patients with musculoskeletal disorders are commonly referred for primary care physiotherapy treatment but little is known about their general health status, pain diagnoses, clinical course and prognosis. The objectives of this study were to 1) describe the clinical course of patients with musculoskeletal disorders referred to physiotherapy, 2) identify predictors associated with a satisfactory outcome, and 3) determine the influence of the primary pain site diagnosis relative to those predictors...
March 29, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258290/-improving-pre-and-perioperative-hospital-care-major-elective-surgery
#6
Ilona M Punt, Roel van der Most, Bart C Bongers, Anouk Didden, Erik H J Hulzebos, Jaap J Dronkers, Nico L U van Meeteren
Surgery is aimed at improving a patient's health. However, surgery is plagued with a risk of negative consequences, such as perioperative complications and prolonged hospitalization. Also, achieving preoperative levels of physical functionality may be delayed. Above all, the "waiting" period before the operation and the period of hospitalisation endanger the state of health, especially in frail patients.The Better in Better out™ (BiBo™) strategy is aimed at reducing the risk of a complicated postoperative course through the optimisation and professionalisation of perioperative treatment strategies in a physiotherapy activating context...
April 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250139/healthcare-and-research-priorities-of-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-mixed-methods-study
#7
David J Tunnicliffe, Davinder Singh-Grewal, Jonathan C Craig, Martin Howell, Peter Tugwell, Fiona Mackie, Ming-Wei Lin, Sean G O'Neill, Angelique F Ralph, Allison Tong
OBJECTIVE: Managing juvenile-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is particularly challenging. The disease may be severe, adolescent patients have complex medical and psychosocial needs, and patients must navigate the transition to adult services. To inform patient-centered care, we aimed to identify the healthcare and research priorities of young patients with SLE and describe the reasons underpinning their priorities. METHODS: Face-to-face, semistructured interviews and focus groups were conducted with patients with SLE, aged from 14 to 26 years, from 5 centers in Australia...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249850/early-rehabilitation-for-the-prevention-of-postintensive-care-syndrome-in-critically-ill-patients-a-study-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Yutaka Kondo, Ryota Fuke, Toru Hifumi, Junji Hatakeyama, Tetsuhiro Takei, Kazuma Yamakawa, Shigeaki Inoue, Osamu Nishida
INTRODUCTION: Postintensive care syndrome (PICS) is defined as a new or worsening impairment in cognition, mental health and physical function after critical illness. There is little evidence regarding treatment of patients with PICS; new directions for effective treatment strategies are urgently needed. Early physiotherapy may prevent or reverse some physical impairments in patients with PICS, but no systematic reviews have investigated the effectiveness of early rehabilitation on PICS-related outcomes...
March 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236265/the-longitudinal-course-of-depression-symptomatology-following-a-palliative-rehabilitation-program
#9
Andrea Feldstain, Sophie Lebel, Martin R Chasen
PURPOSE: Patients with advanced cancer have increased life expectancy but suffer from ongoing burden. Depressive symptomatology is their most common mental health concern. The Ottawa Palliative Rehabilitation Program (PRP) offers rehabilitation for this population. It offers 8 weeks of individualized interdisciplinary rehabilitation, post cancer treatment. Interventions include medical (physician and nurse), physiotherapy, occupational therapy, dietary, and social work using a general self-efficacy framework...
February 24, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202483/clinical-management-of-electrical-burns-in-the-developing-world-a-case-of-electrical-burn-injury-left-untreated-leading-to-amputation
#10
Marcus Choong, Delia Chy, Jerric R Guevarra, Allen G Ross
We discuss the case of a 26-year-old male patient from Northern Samar, the Philippines who was left without essential health services after the amputation of all four limbs following a high voltage (20 000 volts) injury in Metro Manila in 2011. Local health services in the developing world are faced with enormous challenges in providing first-line care for burn patients. The cost of maintaining a burn unit, finding suitable qualified staff, and appropriate referral mechanisms are only some of the challenges faced...
February 15, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095836/physiotherapy-clinical-educators-perceptions-of-student-fitness-to-practise
#11
Kristin Lo, Heather Curtis, Jennifer L Keating, Margaret Bearman
BACKGROUND: Health professional students are expected to maintain Fitness to Practise (FTP) including clinical competence, professional behaviour and freedom from impairment (physical/mental health). FTP potentially affects students, clinicians and clients, yet the impact of supervising students across the spectrum of FTP issues remains relatively under-reported. This study describes clinical educators' perceptions of supporting students with FTP issues. METHODS: Between November 2012 and January 2013 an online survey was emailed to physiotherapy clinical educators from 34 sites across eight health services in Australia...
January 17, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069046/occurrence-of-emery-dreifuss-muscular-dystrophy-in-a-rural-setting-of-cameroon-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#12
REVIEW
Cyril Jabea Ekabe, Jules Kehbila, Carlson-Babila Sama, Benjamin Momo Kadia, Martin Hongieh Abanda, Gottlieb Lobe Monekosso
BACKGROUND: Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy is a rare genetic muscular disease, presenting mainly with contractures, weakness and cardiac conduction abnormalities. Its clinical and laboratory similarities to other muscular dystrophies, and rarity poses diagnostic challenges, requiring a high index of suspicion in resource limited settings. CASE PRESENTATION: An 8 year old sub-Saharan male presented with rigidity and deformity of both elbows and ankles, and weakness of the upper limbs and lower limbs for duration of 4 months...
January 9, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984029/geographic-variation-in-outpatient-health-care-service-utilization-after-spinal-cord-injury
#13
Nathaniel Bell, Tsion Kidanie, Bo Cai, James S Krause
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether travel distances between patients and providers predict the frequency in which outpatient health care services are accessed after spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study was carried out in South Carolina among employee health plan and Medicaid insurance recipients. SETTING: Research center. PARTICIPANTS: Two years of outpatient claimant data were evaluated from patients (N=243) aged ≥18 years who were hospitalized between 2010 and 2012...
February 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909364/physiotherapy-students-attitudes-toward-psychiatry-and-mental-health-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Joanne Connaughton, William Gibson
Purpose: A cross-sectional exploration of Notre Dame Australia physiotherapy students' attitudes toward psychiatry and mental illness, students' perceptions regarding preparation in this area for general clinical practice, and a cross-sectional investigation of current mental health-and psychiatry-related content in physiotherapy curricula across Australia and New Zealand. Methods: A questionnaire including demographic details, level of exposure to mental illness, and the Attitudes Toward Psychiatry-30 items (ATP-30) was completed by pre-clinical and clinically experienced physiotherapy students from the University of Notre Dame Australia...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904237/do-physiotherapists-have-the-skill-to-engage-in-the-psychological-in-the-bio-psychosocial-approach
#15
Joanne Connaughton, William Gibson
Purpose: To describe a cross-sectional exploration of attitudes of physiotherapists in general practice in Western Australia toward psychiatry and mental illness, how often they treat people with mental illness, their perceptions of how well their undergraduate education prepared them to work with these people, and their opinions about what further education would enable them to provide best-practice care. Methods: A questionnaire that included questions about participants' demographic information, personal experiences with mental illness, the Attitudes to Psychiatry (ATP-30), and open-ended questions about participants' preparedness to work with people with mental illness was distributed through 110 email contacts to physiotherapy departments in Western Australia...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891334/life-orientation-test-revised-lot-r-versus-academic-score-in-various-first-year-health-professional-students
#16
Puja Dulloo, Neeraj Vedi, Achleshwar Gandotra
INTRODUCTION: Health field per se requires mental, physical and psychological steadiness and wellbeing. In modern times decline in psychological and physical health has been observed in student after admission in health education program. Factors like perfectionism, self-esteem, personal and professional consequence have affected their academic score directly or indirectly. Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R) instrument measures optimism in relation to self-esteem of individual. A better score will show more confidence level of the student...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830693/-satisfaction-of-users-with-spinal-cord-injury-in-relation-to-the-service-of-promotion-of-personal-autonomy-of-the-balearic-islands-spain
#17
Miguel Ángel Capó-Juan, Rosa Mª Fiol-Delgado, Mª Magdalena Alzamora-Perelló, Marta Bosch-Gutiérrez, Lucía Serna-López, Miguel Bennasar-Veny, Antonio Aguiló-Pons, Joan E De Pedro-Gómez
BACKGROUND: Public Service Promotion of Personal Autonomy aims to provide care to users with severe physical and/or physical-mental disabilities, including people with spinal cord injury. These users are in a chronic phase and thus they require educational-therapeutic measures of physiotherapy. This study is meant to determine the satisfaction of people with spinal cord injury who attend this service. METHODS: A descriptive, cross-sectional, quantitative study in the Public Service Promotion of Personal Autonomy after a sixteen-month therapeutic monitoring process was carried out, which began in March 2015...
November 10, 2016: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828579/-effectiveness-of-a-cognitive-motorphysiotherapeutical-therapy-intervention-in-institutionalized-older-adults-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-mild-dementia
#18
Alessandra Vieira Menezes, Alessandra da Silva de Aguiar, Elysama Fernandes Alves, Layse Biz de Quadros, Poliana Penasso Bezerra
The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of four months of cognitive-motor physiotherapy intervention, with a single weekly visit, on cognitive function, mobility and functional independence of institutionalized elderly individuals with mild cognitive impairment and mild dementia. In a controlled clinical trial, 15 subjects were allocated to experimental and control groups. Regarding the assessment of the subjects the following instruments were applied: Mini-Mental State Examination, Clinical Dementia Rating Scale, Verbal Fluency Test and Frontal Assessment Battery for analyzing cognitive functions; Berg Balance Scale and Timed Up and Go Test to verify mobility, and; Barthel Scale and Pfeffer Index for measurement of functional independence...
November 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785479/severe-progressive-scoliosis-in-an-adult-female-possibly-secondary-thoracic-surgery-in-childhood-treated-with-scoliosis-specific-schroth-physiotherapy-case-presentation
#19
Andrea Lebel, Victoria Ashley Lebel
BACKGROUND: Scoliosis is a complex three-dimensional (3D) spinal deformity. Acquired scoliosis in early childhood may progress into adulthood and pose an increased risk of health problems and reduction in quality of life. In Canada, patients with scoliosis are not referred for physiotherapeutic scoliosis-specific exercises (PSSE) despite the fact that Schroth physiotherapy, a scoliosis-specific 3D posture training and exercise program, can be effective in reducing pain and improving scoliosis curves, vital capacity, and overall quality of life in scoliosis patients...
2016: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777597/the-effects-of-yoga-on-pain-mobility-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review
#20
Laidi Kan, Jiaqi Zhang, Yonghong Yang, Pu Wang
Objective. To systematically assess the effects of yoga on pain, mobility, and quality of life in patients with knee osteoarthritis. Methods. Pubmed, Medline, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), and other sources were searched systematically in this study. Two reviewers identified eligible studies and extracted data independently. Downs and Black's Quality Index were used to evaluate the methodological quality of the included studies. Results...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
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