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Physiotherapy mental

Marwan Diab, Yasser Abu Jamei, Ashraf Kagee, Guido Veronese
BACKGROUND: In the context of violations of human rights and insecurity, the Gaza Community Mental Health Programme (GCMHP) provides mental health services and psychosocial interventions that match local cultural and social norms. The GCMHP uses a community mental health approach to promote the psychological wellbeing of the people living in the Gaza Strip and advocate on mental health issues. METHODS: The GCMHP provides preventive and therapeutic care to a broad public health spectrum of Gazan society...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Skjærven Lh, Mattsson M, Catalan-Matamoros D, Parker A, Gard G, Gyllensten Al
Physiotherapists are facing complex health challenges in the treatment of persons suffering from long-lasting musculoskeletal disorders and mental health problems. Basic Body Awareness Therapy (BBAT) is a physiotherapy approach within the movement awareness domain developed to bridge physical, mental, and relational health challenges. The purpose of this study was to reach a consensus on core phenomena and statements describing BBAT. A consensus-building process was conducted using the nominal group technique (NGT)...
February 26, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
E Fernandez-Gomez, A Sanchez-Cabeza
INTRODUCTION: Motor imagery or mental practice of movement is a relatively new intervention that is being used on an increasingly more frequently basis in the treatment of stroke patients. It consists in the person evoking a movement or gesture in order to learn or improve its execution. Neuroimaging studies have shown that imagining movements activates neuronal patterns that are similar to those produced when they are actually performed. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A systematic review was conducted between January and June 2017 in the Web of Science, PubMed, CINHAL, PEDro and Scopus databases to select clinical trials carried out with stroke patients in whom this technique was used as rehabilitation...
March 1, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
Kristine Grimen Danielsen, Tone Dahl-Michelsen, Elin Håkonsen, Gro Killi Haugstad
Although provoked vestibulodynia (PVD) represents a significant challenge for many young women in the Western world, little is known about how these women experience therapeutic efforts. The aim of this paper is to enhance our knowledge of the way that the therapeutic process is experienced by women with PVD undergoing somatocognitive therapy (SCT). The study enhances insight into this recently developed therapy through a detailed description of the physiotherapy approach. The empirical data are based on interviews with six women who participated in SCT...
February 23, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
A E Bennett, L O'Neill, D Connolly, E M Guinan, L Boland, S L Doyle, J O'Sullivan, J V Reynolds, J Hussey
PURPOSE: To qualitatively explore the perceived impact of a 12-week rehabilitative intervention for oesophago-gastric cancer survivors on their physical, mental and social wellbeing. METHODS: Of the 21 participants who completed the intervention, 19 took part in a semi-structured focus group interview. Four audio-taped focus groups were held, ranging in size from two to eight participants. Focus groups were transcribed and analysed using a descriptive qualitative approach...
February 18, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, Michel Probst, James Mugisha
Background: There is a need for psychosocial interventions to address the escalating mental health burden in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Physiotherapists could have a central role in reducing the burden and facilitating recovery within the multidisciplinary care of people with mental health problems. The aim of this systematic review was to explore the role of physiotherapists within the current mental health policies of SSA countries and to explore the current research evidence for physiotherapy to improve functional outcomes in people with mental health problems in SSA...
2018: Archives of Physiotherapy
Joanna Kowalska, Justyna Mazurek, Natalia Kubasik, Joanna Rymaszewska
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of physiotherapy in nursing home patients with comorbid dementia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group consisted of 88 patients, including 48 people with dementia and 40 people without dementia. Before and after physiotherapy, the Mini Mental State Examination and Barthel Index were used. RESULTS: Elderly patients without dementia achieved a greater improvement in functional status...
November 30, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
Bindu Menon, P Salini, K Habeeba, Jyoti Conjeevaram, K Munisusmitha
Background: Stroke is among the major causes of short- and long-term disability. This study aimed to understand the caregivers (CGs) stress in stroke survivors. Materials and Methods: A 22-item questionnaire was administered to 201 CGs of stroke survivors. The variables tested were physical and mental health, social support, financial, and personal problems. CGs were divided into Group A (Barthel index [BI] <75) and B (BI >75) according to patient's BI, according to gender (male and female CG) and relation; spouses (wife, husband), daughters, sons, daughter-in-law, grandchildren, and rest (father, mother, brother, sister, and in-laws)...
October 2017: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
Silvio Galli, Laurent Tatu, Julien Bogousslavsky, Selma Aybek
This chapter is aimed at highlighting the recent findings concerning physiopathology, diagnosis, and management of conversion, factitious disorder, and malingering. Conversion disorder is the unintentional production of neurological symptom, whereas malingering and factitious disorder represent the voluntary production of symptoms with internal or external incentives. They have a close history and this has been frequently confounded. Practitioners are often confronted to medically unexplained symptoms; they represent almost 30% of neurologist's consultation...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Janine Gronewold, Christian Dahlmann, Marcus Jäger, Dirk M Hermann
BACKGROUND: As a consequence of demographic changes, hospitals are confronted with increasing numbers of elderly patients, who are at high risk of adverse events during hospitalization. Geriatric risk screening followed by comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) and treatment has been requested by geriatric societies and task forces to identify patients at risk. Since empirical evidence on factors predisposing to adverse hospital events is scarce, we now prospectively evaluated implications of geriatric risk screening followed by CGA in a university hospital department of orthopedics and trauma surgery...
2017: PloS One
Bulent Elbasan, Murat Fatih Kocyigit, A Sebnem Soysal-Acar, Yıldız Atalay, Kivilcim Gucuyener
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of family centered physiotherapy according to the neurodevelopmental treatment (NDT) principles on mental and motor performance in premature infants. METHODS: A total of 156 infant, ≥24/36 week+6days gestational age included in the study. All the infants were diagnosed by a child neurologist and referred to psychology and physiotherapy department for their neurodevelopmental assessment and treatment...
November 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
Kay Cooper, Llinos M Jehu, Susan Klein, Blair H Smith, Patricia Schofield
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility and acceptability of a training programme for peer volunteers to support older adults with chronic low back pain (CLBP) following discharge from physiotherapy. DESIGN: Feasibility study. SETTING: Community-based. PARTICIPANTS: 17 adults (4 male, 13 female) with CLBP or experience of supporting someone with CLBP enrolled and 12 (2 male, 10 female) completed the volunteer training...
July 13, 2017: Physiotherapy
Joanna Cholewa, Agnieszka Gorzkowska, Agnieszka Nawrocka, Jarosław Cholewa
BACKGROUND: Of many diseases and disorders of the nervous system Parkinson's disease (PD) deserves a particular attention for its specific effects having an impact on the ability to undertake different forms of professional and economic activities. Due to the constantly growing incidence rate and the lowering age of patients, PD is becoming more and more serious social problem. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of professional work and physiotherapy on the quality of live in people with Parkinson's disease...
July 26, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
Christoph Schnelle, Steffen Messerschmidt, Eunice J Minford, Kate Greenaway-Twist, Maxine Szramka, Marianna Masiorski, Michelle Sheldrake, Mark Jones
BACKGROUND: Low back pain causes more global disability than any other condition. Once the acute pain becomes chronic, about two-thirds of sufferers will not fully recover after 1-2 years. There is a paucity of effective treatments for non-specific, chronic low back pain. It has been noted that low back pain is associated with changes in the connective tissue in the affected area, and a very low-impact treatment, Esoteric Connective Tissue Therapy (ECTT), has been developed to restore flexibility in connective tissue...
July 17, 2017: Trials
Erin Dean
Essential facts [Figure: see text] Around 400 children in the UK have a stroke each year, leaving many with severe physical and mental impairments. Many professionals and parents can mistakenly think that strokes only affect older people, leading to delays in diagnosis and prompt treatment. Children may need long-term support including physiotherapy, speech and language therapy and support with education.
July 10, 2017: Nursing Children and Young People
Anna M Kubsik-Gidlewska, Paulina Klimkiewicz, Robert Klimkiewicz, Katarzyna Janczewska, Marta Woldańska-Okońska
The aim of the study is to present a strategy of rehabilitation in multiple sclerosis on the basis of the latest developments in the field of physiotherapy. The publications on the problem discuss a wide range of methods of physiotherapy that can be used in order to reduce the degree of disability and alleviate the symptoms associated with the disease. The complexity of the disease, the difficulty in determining the appropriate treatment and a wide range of symptoms require a comprehensive approach to the patient, which would include both pharmacology and neurorehabilitation...
July 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Teddy Oosterhuis, Raymond W Ostelo, Johanna M van Dongen, Wilco C Peul, Michiel R de Boer, Judith E Bosmans, Carmen L Vleggeert-Lankamp, Mark P Arts, Maurits W van Tulder
QUESTION: Is referral for early rehabilitation after lumbar disc surgery effective and cost-effective compared to no referral? DESIGN: Multicentre, randomised, controlled trial, and economic evaluation with concealed allocation and intention-to-treat-analysis. PARTICIPANTS: Adults who underwent discectomy for a herniated lumbar disc, confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging, and signs of nerve root compression corresponding to the herniation level...
July 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
Lucia Bühlmayer, Daniel Birrer, Philipp Röthlin, Oliver Faude, Lars Donath
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness as a present-oriented form of mental training affects cognitive processes and is increasingly considered meaningful for sport psychological training approaches. However, few intervention studies have examined the effects of mindfulness practice on physiological and psychological performance surrogates or on performance outcomes in sports. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present meta-analytical review was to examine the effects of mindfulness practice or mindfulness-based interventions on physiological and psychological performance surrogates and on performance outcomes in sports in athletes over 15 years of age...
November 2017: Sports Medicine
Paul Jansons, Lauren Robins, Lisa O'Brien, Terry Haines
QUESTION: What is the effectiveness of gym-based exercise versus home-based exercise with telephone follow-up amongst adults with chronic conditions who have completed a short-term exercise program supervised by a health professional? DESIGN: A randomised, controlled trial with concealed allocation, intention-to-treat analysis, and blinded outcome assessment at baseline and 3, 6, 9 and 12 months. PARTICIPANTS: The participants were recruited following a 6-week exercise program at a community health service...
July 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
Samantha Lee, Flavie Waters, Kathy Briffa, Robyn E Fary
QUESTIONS: How do mental health professionals perceive the role of physiotherapists in the care of people with severe and persistent mental illness, and what factors do they perceive as influencing access to physiotherapy services? How do people with severe and persistent mental illness understand the potential role of physiotherapy in their healthcare, and what factors do they perceive as influencing access to physiotherapy services? DESIGN: Qualitative study. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-four mental health professionals and 35 people with severe and persistent mental illness...
July 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
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