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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775977/-rehabilitation-after-traumatic-fracture-of-thoracic-and-lumbar-spine
#1
Hartmut Bork, Stefan Simmel, Eckhardt Böhle, Ulrich Ernst, Klaus Fischer, Bernd Fromm, Jean-Jacques Glaesener, Bernhard Greitemann, P Krause, S Panning, V Pullwitt, J Schmidt, Andreas Veihelmann, Lutz Vogt
On the basis of the S2-k guideline "Rehabilitation after traumatic fractures of the thoracic und lumbar spine without neurologic disorder", this article gives an overview of target-oriented rehabilitation of patients with minor fractures or those with column stability and unstable spinal fractures which are stabilised by surgery. To obtain early social and job related reintegration, outpatient or inpatient rehabilitation has to start immediately after treatment in hospital. Rehabilitation must be orientated towards the biopsychosocial model of ICF and has to be adapted for the patient...
May 18, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745626/train-the-brain-immediate-sensorimotor-effects-of-mentally-performed-flexor-exercises-in-patients-with-neck-pain-a-pilot-study
#2
Konstantin Beinert, Marc Sofsky, Jörg Trojan
BACKGROUND: Sensorimotor tests, like cranio- cervical flexion and cervical joint position sense tests, share a strong cognitive component during their execution. However, cognitive training for those tests has not been investigated so far. AIM: To compare mental and physical exercises for improving the sensorimotor function of the cervical spine. DESIGN: A within-subject design with 16 participants. SETTING: Outpatient physiotherapy centre...
May 9, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739632/outcomes-and-factors-influencing-response-to-an-individualized-multidisciplinary-chronic-disease-management-program-for-hip-and-knee-osteoarthritis
#3
David P Gwynne-Jones, Andrew R Gray, Liam R Hutton, Kirsten M Stout, J Haxby Abbott
BACKGROUND: The objective of the study was to investigate the effectiveness of, and factors associated with, response to a chronic disease management program for patients with hip and knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: Over a 2-year period (2012-2014), 218 patients (97 hip OA; 121 knee OA) were managed with an individualized program of interventions that could include education, physiotherapy, orthotics, occupational therapy, or dietitian referral. Changes in Oxford Hip Score or Oxford Knee Score and Short Form-12 (SF-12) Physical and Mental Component Summary Score (PCS, MCS) were analyzed by joint affected, both unadjusted, and gender and age adjusted...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710099/effect-of-pain-neuroscience-education-combined-with-cognition-targeted-motor-control-training-on-chronic-spinal-pain-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Anneleen Malfliet, Jeroen Kregel, Iris Coppieters, Robby De Pauw, Mira Meeus, Nathalie Roussel, Barbara Cagnie, Lieven Danneels, Jo Nijs
Importance: Effective treatments for chronic spinal pain are essential to reduce the related high personal and socioeconomic costs. Objective: To compare pain neuroscience education combined with cognition-targeted motor control training with current best-evidence physiotherapy for reducing pain and improving functionality, gray matter morphologic features, and pain cognitions in individuals with chronic spinal pain. Design, Setting, and Participants: Multicenter randomized clinical trial conducted from January 1, 2014, to January 30, 2017, among 120 patients with chronic nonspecific spinal pain in 2 outpatient hospitals with follow-up at 3, 6, and 12 months...
April 16, 2018: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678276/a-feasibility-study-of-a-physiotherapy-led-motivational-programme-to-increase-physical-activity-and-improve-cardiometabolic-risk-in-people-with-major-mental-illness
#5
Alice Waugh, Niall Crumlish, Eric Kelleher, Cuisle Forde, Julie Broderick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2018: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584813/yoga-based-exercise-improves-health-related-quality-of-life-and-mental-well-being-in-older-people-a-systematic-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#6
Alice Tulloch, Hannah Bombell, Catherine Dean, Anne Tiedemann
Objective: health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and mental well-being are associated with healthy ageing. Physical activity positively impacts both HRQOL and mental well-being. Yoga is a physical activity that can be modified to suits the needs of older people and is growing in popularity. We conducted a systematic review with meta-analysis to determine the impact of yoga-based exercise on HRQOL and mental well-being in people aged 60+. Methods: searches were conducted for relevant trials in the following electronic databases; MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, CINAHL, Allied and Complementary Medicine Database, PsycINFO and the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) from inception to January 2017...
March 23, 2018: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584538/reducing-fear-of-reinjury-and-pain-perception-among-athletes-with-first-time-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstructions-by-implementing-imagery-training
#7
Rosa M Rodriguez, Ashley Marroquin, Nicole Cosby
Injuries are an inevitable part of competitive sports as well a recreational activities. Research shows that one of the most common musculoskeletal complaints that accounts for approximately 48 out of 1,000 patients are knee related injuries.1 As noted, approximately nine percent of these knee complaints are related to anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries.2 ,3 The ACL is commonly injured in contact sports via a non-contact action such as planting, cutting, landing on a hyperextended knee, or pivoting and sudden deceleration...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568856/approach-to-the-forgetful-patient
#8
Peng Soon Yoon, Chun How Ooi, Choon How How
Singapore has an ageing population with a projected 53,000 people aged ≥ 60 years living with dementia by 2020. Primary care doctors have the opportunity to initiate early work-up for reversible causes of cognitive dysfunction, allowing identification of comorbidities and discussion of medical therapy options. Early diagnosis confers the sick role on the patient, which allays frustration and explains events and behaviour that may have strained relationships with family and friends. The patient can be encouraged to plan for future health and personal care options with a Lasting Power of Attorney and/or Advance Care Planning...
March 2018: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553425/integrating-a-public-health-and-human-rights-approach-into-mental-health-services-for-palestinians-in-the-gaza-strip
#9
Marwan Diab, Yasser Abu Jamei, Ashraf Kagee, Guido Veronese
BACKGROUND: In the context of violations of human rights and insecurity, the Gaza Community Mental Health Programme (GCMHP) provides mental health services and psychosocial interventions that match local cultural and social norms. The GCMHP uses a community mental health approach to promote the psychological wellbeing of the people living in the Gaza Strip and advocate on mental health issues. METHODS: The GCMHP provides preventive and therapeutic care to a broad public health spectrum of Gazan society...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482403/consensus-on-core-phenomena-and-statements-describing-basic-body-awareness-therapy-within-the-movement-awareness-domain-in-physiotherapy
#10
L H Skjaerven, M Mattsson, D Catalan-Matamoros, A Parker, G Gard, A Lundvik Gyllensten
Physiotherapists are facing complex health challenges in the treatment of persons suffering from long-lasting musculoskeletal disorders and mental health problems. Basic Body Awareness Therapy (BBAT) is a physiotherapy approach within the movement awareness domain developed to bridge physical, mental, and relational health challenges. The purpose of this study was to reach a consensus on core phenomena and statements describing BBAT. A consensus-building process was conducted using the nominal group technique (NGT)...
February 26, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480509/-motor-imagery-a-systematic-review-of-its-effectiveness-in-the-rehabilitation-of-the-upper-limb-following-a-stroke
#11
E Fernandez-Gomez, A Sanchez-Cabeza
INTRODUCTION: Motor imagery or mental practice of movement is a relatively new intervention that is being used on an increasingly more frequently basis in the treatment of stroke patients. It consists in the person evoking a movement or gesture in order to learn or improve its execution. Neuroimaging studies have shown that imagining movements activates neuronal patterns that are similar to those produced when they are actually performed. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A systematic review was conducted between January and June 2017 in the Web of Science, PubMed, CINHAL, PEDro and Scopus databases to select clinical trials carried out with stroke patients in whom this technique was used as rehabilitation...
March 1, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474104/recovering-from-provoked-vestibulodynia-experiences-from-encounters-with-somatocognitive-therapy
#12
Kristine Grimen Danielsen, Tone Dahl-Michelsen, Elin Håkonsen, Gro Killi Haugstad
Although provoked vestibulodynia (PVD) represents a significant challenge for many young women in the Western world, little is known about how these women experience therapeutic efforts. The aim of this paper is to enhance our knowledge of the way that the therapeutic process is experienced by women with PVD undergoing somatocognitive therapy (SCT). The study enhances insight into this recently developed therapy through a detailed description of the physiotherapy approach. The empirical data are based on interviews with six women who participated in SCT...
February 23, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455302/patient-experiences-of-a-physiotherapy-led-multidisciplinary-rehabilitative-intervention-after-successful-treatment-for-oesophago-gastric-cancer
#13
A E Bennett, L O'Neill, D Connolly, E M Guinan, L Boland, S L Doyle, J O'Sullivan, J V Reynolds, J Hussey
PURPOSE: To qualitatively explore the perceived impact of a 12-week rehabilitative intervention for oesophago-gastric cancer survivors on their physical, mental and social wellbeing. METHODS: Of the 21 participants who completed the intervention, 19 took part in a semi-structured focus group interview. Four audio-taped focus groups were held, ranging in size from two to eight participants. Focus groups were transcribed and analysed using a descriptive qualitative approach...
February 18, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423279/physiotherapy-for-people-with-mental-health-problems-in-sub-saharan-african-countries-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, Michel Probst, James Mugisha
Background: There is a need for psychosocial interventions to address the escalating mental health burden in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Physiotherapists could have a central role in reducing the burden and facilitating recovery within the multidisciplinary care of people with mental health problems. The aim of this systematic review was to explore the role of physiotherapists within the current mental health policies of SSA countries and to explore the current research evidence for physiotherapy to improve functional outcomes in people with mental health problems in SSA...
2018: Archives of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189083/effectiveness-of-physiotherapy-in-elderly-patients-with-dementia-a-prospective-comparative-analysis
#15
Joanna Kowalska, Justyna Mazurek, Natalia Kubasik, Joanna Rymaszewska
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of physiotherapy in nursing home patients with comorbid dementia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group consisted of 88 patients, including 48 people with dementia and 40 people without dementia. Before and after physiotherapy, the Mini Mental State Examination and Barthel Index were used. RESULTS: Elderly patients without dementia achieved a greater improvement in functional status...
November 30, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184350/female-caregivers-and-stroke-severity-determines-caregiver-stress-in-stroke-patients
#16
Bindu Menon, P Salini, K Habeeba, Jyoti Conjeevaram, K Munisusmitha
Background: Stroke is among the major causes of short- and long-term disability. This study aimed to understand the caregivers (CGs) stress in stroke survivors. Materials and Methods: A 22-item questionnaire was administered to 201 CGs of stroke survivors. The variables tested were physical and mental health, social support, financial, and personal problems. CGs were divided into Group A (Barthel index [BI] <75) and B (BI >75) according to patient's BI, according to gender (male and female CG) and relation; spouses (wife, husband), daughters, sons, daughter-in-law, grandchildren, and rest (father, mother, brother, sister, and in-laws)...
October 2017: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151092/conversion-factitious-disorder-and-malingering-a-distinct-pattern-or-a-continuum
#17
Silvio Galli, Laurent Tatu, Julien Bogousslavsky, Selma Aybek
This chapter is aimed at highlighting the recent findings concerning physiopathology, diagnosis, and management of conversion, factitious disorder, and malingering. Conversion disorder is the unintentional production of neurological symptom, whereas malingering and factitious disorder represent the voluntary production of symptoms with internal or external incentives. They have a close history and this has been frequently confounded. Practitioners are often confronted to medically unexplained symptoms; they represent almost 30% of neurologist's consultation...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125861/identification-of-hospitalized-elderly-patients-at-risk-for-adverse-in-hospital-outcomes-in-a-university-orthopedics-and-trauma-surgery-environment
#18
Janine Gronewold, Christian Dahlmann, Marcus Jäger, Dirk M Hermann
BACKGROUND: As a consequence of demographic changes, hospitals are confronted with increasing numbers of elderly patients, who are at high risk of adverse events during hospitalization. Geriatric risk screening followed by comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) and treatment has been requested by geriatric societies and task forces to identify patients at risk. Since empirical evidence on factors predisposing to adverse hospital events is scarce, we now prospectively evaluated implications of geriatric risk screening followed by CGA in a university hospital department of orthopedics and trauma surgery...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957689/-the-effects-of-family-centered-physiotherapy-on-the-cognitive-and-motor-performance-in-premature-infants
#19
Bulent Elbasan, Murat Fatih Kocyigit, A Sebnem Soysal-Acar, Yıldız Atalay, Kivilcim Gucuyener
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of family centered physiotherapy according to the neurodevelopmental treatment (NDT) principles on mental and motor performance in premature infants. METHODS: A total of 156 infant, ≥24/36 week+6days gestational age included in the study. All the infants were diagnosed by a child neurologist and referred to psychology and physiotherapy department for their neurodevelopmental assessment and treatment...
November 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789781/training-peers-to-support-older-people-with-chronic-low-back-pain-following-physiotherapy-discharge-a-feasibility-study
#20
Kay Cooper, Llinos M Jehu, Susan Klein, Blair H Smith, Patricia Schofield
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility and acceptability of a training programme for peer volunteers to support older adults with chronic low back pain (CLBP) following discharge from physiotherapy. DESIGN: Feasibility study. SETTING: Community-based. PARTICIPANTS: 17 adults (4 male, 13 female) with CLBP or experience of supporting someone with CLBP enrolled and 12 (2 male, 10 female) completed the volunteer training...
July 13, 2017: Physiotherapy
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