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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754073/fertility-preservation-and-cancer-how-many-persons-are-concerned
#1
Christine Le Bihan-Benjamin, Natalie Hoog-Labouret, Delphine Lefeuvre, Frédérique Carré-Pigeon, Philippe Jean Bousquet
OBJECTIVE: A significant proportion of cancer survivors experience chronic health sequelae, one of them being fertility impairment. However, even if many reports, guidelines and positions papers focus on fertility preservation and its needs, access to fertility preservation is not currently offered to all the patients concerned, and the targeted population is not well counted. STUDY DESIGN: A cross sectional study was conducted using the French cancer cohort, a cohort covering the whole French population and including around 7 million of cancer patients...
May 8, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728261/melanoma-of-the-lower-genital-tract-prognostic-factors-and-treatment-modalities
#2
REVIEW
Angiolo Gadducci, Silvestro Carinelli, Maria Elena Guerrieri, Giovanni Damiano Aletti
Primary melanomas originating from the gynecological tract are rare and aggressive cancers. The vulva is the most frequent site (70%), followed by vagina and more rarely by cervix. The clinical outcome of patients with female genital tract melanoma is very poor, with a 5-year overall survival (OS) of 37-50% for vulvar, 13-32% for vaginal, and approximately 10% for cervical melanoma. In this systematic review, we analyzed the pathogenesis and the different factors influencing the prognosis of melanomas of the lower genital tract, with particular emphasis on biologic variables that may influence new therapeutic approaches...
May 1, 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728073/neuroendocrine-carcinoma-of-the-cervix-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#3
Clemens B Tempfer, Iris Tischoff, Askin Dogan, Ziad Hilal, Beate Schultheis, Peter Kern, Günther A Rezniczek
BACKGROUND: Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the cervix (NECC) is a rare variant of cervical cancer. The prognosis of women with NECC is poor and there is no standardized therapy for this type of malignancy based on controlled trials. METHODS: We performed a systematic literature search of the databases PubMed and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials to identify clinical trials describing the management and outcome of women with NECC. RESULTS: Three thousand five hundred thirty-eight cases of NECC in 112 studies were identified...
May 4, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725443/calcium-activated-potassium-channels-as-potential-early-markers-of-human-cervical-cancer
#4
Ana Ramírez, Eunice Vera, Armando Gamboa-Domínguez, Paul Lambert, Patricio Gariglio, Javier Camacho
Cervical cancer is a major cause of cancer-associated mortality in women in developing countries. Thus, novel early markers are required. Ion channels have gained great interest as tumor markers, including cervical cancer. The calcium-activated potassium channel KCNMA1 (subunit α-1 from subfamily M) has been associated with different malignancies, including tumors such as breast and ovarian cancer that are influenced by hormones. The KCNMA1 channel blocker iberiotoxin decreases the proliferation of HeLa cervical cancer cells...
May 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725409/malignant-lymphoma-of-the-uterine-cervix-presumptively-diagnosed-by-pap-smear-a-case-report
#5
Takahiro Koyanagi, Haruhiko Kondo, Atsushi Toyama, Miho Ando, Sakiko Imaoka, Masayo Inamura, Hiroko Yamamoto, Sumie Nakamura, Yoko To, Tatsuya Fukami, Maki Goto, Hiroshi Tsujioka, Fuyuki Eguchi
Malignant lymphoma of the uterine cervix is exceedingly rare and is difficult to diagnose by cervical cytology. The current study presents a case of malignant lymphoma of the uterine cervix that was presumptively diagnosed by cervical cancer screening in which the patient had no clinical symptoms. The anterior lip of the uterine cervix was occupied by a macroscopic hemorrhagic tumor. The obtained tumor cells exhibited typical cytological features of malignant lymphoma and were positive for CD20. The final diagnosis was diffuse large B cell lymphoma of the uterine cervix, stage IIEA (Ann Arbor classification)...
May 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701664/disability-adjusted-life-years-for-cancer-in-2010%C3%A2-2014-a-regional-approach-in-mexico
#6
Efrén Murillo-Zamora, Oliver Mendoza-Cano, Mónica Ríos-Silva, Ramón Alberto Sánchez-Piña, Martha Alicia Higareda-Almaraz, Enrique Higareda-Almaraz, Agustin Lugo-Radillo
The disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) were used to estimate the regional (state of Colima, Mexico) cancer burden in 2010⁻2014. The years of life lost (YLL) were estimated with mortality data and years lived with disability (YLD) using incidence data. The DALYs were calculated as the arithmetic addition of YLL and YLD. Sex and cancer site-specific estimations were made and DALY rates were used to identify the leading causes of disease burden. Data from 2532 deaths were analyzed and, for all malignant tumors combined, 18,712...
April 26, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693248/risk-for-virus-and-non-virus-related-malignancies-following-immunosuppression-in-a-cohort-of-liver-transplant-recipients-italy-1985-2014
#7
Martina Taborelli, Pierluca Piselli, Giuseppe Maria Ettorre, Augusto Lauro, Laura Galatioto, Umberto Baccarani, Maria Rendina, Sarah Shalaby, Raffaella Petrara, Francesco Nudo, Luca Toti, Daniele Sforza, Giovanni Fantola, Claudia Cimaglia, Alessandro Agresta, Giovanni Vennarecci, Antonio Daniele Pinna, Salvatore Gruttadauria, Andrea Risaliti, Alfredo Di Leo, Patrizia Burra, Massimo Rossi, Giuseppe Tisone, Fausto Zamboni, Diego Serraino
This cohort study assessed, in Italy, the overall pattern of risk for de novo malignancies following liver transplantation (LT). The study group included 2832 individuals who underwent LT between 1985 and 2014 in nine centres throughout all of Italy. Person-years (PYs) at cancer risk were computed from 30 days after LT to the date of cancer diagnosis, to the date of death, or to the end of follow-up. Excess cancer risk, as compared to the general population, was estimated using standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs)...
April 25, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683929/18f-fdg-pet-ct-in-the-evaluation-of-cancer-cervix-where-do-we-stand-today
#8
Shanmuga S Palaniswamy, Chaitanya R Borde, Padma Subramanyam
The incidence of gynecological malignancies is on the rise partly because of the availability of screening programmes, awareness, higher technological advancements, and availability of better medical care. Early diagnosis of any malignancy leads to prompt treatment. Use of 18Fluorine-Fluorodeoxyglucose (F-FDG) PET/CT in the treatment and follow-up of patients with Ca cervix considerably improves patient management. The primary diagnosis of Ca cervix is made either by biopsy of a visible tumor on the cervix or by a cone biopsy of a nonvisible malignant cervical focus...
April 20, 2018: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624774/multicystic-mucinous-adenocarcinoma-of-the-uterine-cervix-compared-with-benign-multicystic-lesions-multiparametric-mr-features
#9
Jiacheng Song, Qiming Hu, Junwen Huang, Zhanlong Ma, Ting Chen
BACKGROUND: Multicystic mucinous adenocarcinoma is rarely recognized and has a high misdiagnosis rate. PURPOSE: To distinguish malignant multicystic mucinous adenocarcinomas from benign multicystic lesions in the uterine cervix using multiparametric MR. STUDY TYPE: Retrospective. POPULATION: Forty patients with seven cystic mucinous adenocarcinomas and 33 benign multicystic lesions. FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: 3...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587389/lynch-syndrome-related-clear-cell-carcinoma-of-the-cervix-a-case-report
#10
Kohei Nakamura, Kentaro Nakayama, Toshiko Minamoto, Tomoka Ishibashi, Kaori Ohnishi, Hitomi Yamashita, Ruriko Ono, Hiroki Sasamori, Sultana Razia, Mohammad Mahmud Hossain, Shanta Kamrunnahar, Masako Ishikawa, Noriyoshi Ishikawa, Satoru Kyo
Lynch syndrome, a hereditary cancer syndrome, occurs because of germline mutations in at least one of four DNA mismatch repair genes (MutL Homolog 1 ( MLH1 ), MutS Homolog 2 ( MSH2 ), MutS Homolog 6 ( MSH6 ), and PMS1 Homolog 2 ( PMS2 )). The disorder is associated with colorectal, endometrial, and other epithelial malignancies, but not cervical cancer. We report a woman with Lynch syndrome with synchronous cervical cancer. This is the first report of Lynch syndrome-related clear cell carcinoma of the cervix, which indicates the possibility of an association between cervical cancer and Lynch syndrome...
March 25, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580032/comparative-evaluation-of-a-6mv-flattened-beam-and-a-flattening-filter-free-beam-for-carcinoma-of-cervix-%C3%A2-imrt-planning-study
#11
Suresh Tamilarasu, Madeswaran Saminathan, S K Sharma, Anjali Pahuja, Abhinav Dewan
Purpose: Intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) plan quality, beam on time and integral dose were compared using 6MV FB (Flattened Beam) and FFFB (Flattening filter free beam) for carcinoma of cervix. Materials and Methods: Ten patients with stage II–IIIB cervix cancer (Ca.Cx) were retrospectively identified from the department database. Target volume (TV) and organ at risk (OAR) were delineated as per Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) cancer guidelines. Dose prescribed to planning target volume (PTV) was 50...
March 27, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573230/a-case-of-endocervical-minimal-deviation-adenocarcinoma-with-varicolored-cytopathologic-features-on-pap-smear
#12
Makiko Omori, Tetsuo Kondo, Kumiko Nakazawa, Satoshi Shinohara, Yumika Watanabe, Hiroko Fukasawa, Tadao Nakazawa, Akihiko Hashi, Shuji Hirata
We report a case of minimal deviation adenocarcinoma (MDA) of the uterine cervix showing varicolored cytopathologic features on Papanicolaou (Pap) smear, which may indicate features suggestive of lobular endocervical glandular hyperplasia (LEGH)-adenocarcinoma sequence. A 57-year-old woman presented with a profuse amount of watery vaginal discharge. Gynecological examination revealed a cervical mass with involvement of the right parametrium. Conventional Pap smear showed hypercellularity consisting of approximately 4 types of clusters as follows: (1) clusters showing a monolayered honeycomb sheet of endocervical cells with golden-yellow mucin and bland nuclei, (2) three-dimensional clusters showing varicolored mucin and irregular nuclear overlapping, (3) irregularly shaped clusters showing distorted chicken-wire-mesh appearance with noticeable protrusions of the nuclei and clear or faint varicolored cytoplasm, and (4) crowded clusters showing scarce mucin and nuclear atypia...
March 23, 2018: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556910/risk-of-second-primary-female-genital-malignancies-in-women-with-breast-cancer-a-seer-analysis
#13
Zhiyu Li, Qi Wu, Junlong Song, Yimin Zhang, Shan Zhu, Shengrong Sun
Breast cancer survivors are at an increased risk of second primary cancers, and the risk factors for the latter may have clinical significance. The aims of our study were to evaluate the incidences and risk factors of second primary female genital cancers (corpus uteri, cervix uteri plus ovary) in a large cohort of breast cancer survivors. Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database, we examined the standardized incidence ratio (SIR) and risk factors for second primary female genital cancers observed between 2000 and 2014...
March 19, 2018: Hormones & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528920/occult-gynecologic-cancer-in-women-undergoing-hysterectomy-or-myomectomy-for-benign-indications
#14
Vrunda B Desai, Jason D Wright, Peter E Schwartz, Elisa M Jorgensen, Linda Fan, Babak Litkouhi, Haiqun Lin, Cary P Gross, Xiao Xu
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of corpus uteri, cervix uteri, and ovarian malignancy in women undergoing hysterectomy or myomectomy for presumed benign indications. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of data from the 2014-2015 American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program. Adult women undergoing hysterectomies and myomectomies without evidence for known or suspected cancer at the beginning of surgery were identified from the database...
April 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516923/immunohistochemical-evaluation-of-prime-molecules-in-cervical-lesions-towards-assessment-of-malignant-potentiality
#15
Lopamudra Das, Sukla Naskar, Tandra Sarkar, Ashok Kumar Maiti, Soumen Das, Jyotirmoy Chatterjee
Objective: A comparative immunohistochemical evaluation of p63, CD105, and E-cadherin expression pattern in histopathologically confirmed normal cervical epithelium (NCM), dysplastic cervical epithelium (DYS) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of uterine cervix towards assessing malignant potentiality of the precancerous condition. Materials and Methods: The biopsies from cervical mucosa (normal, dysplasia, and cancer) were studied by routine hematoxylin and eosin (H and E) and by immunohistochemistry for p63, E-cadherin, and CD105 expression...
January 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516920/morphometric-computer-assisted-image-analysis-of-epithelial-cells-in-different-grades-of-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#16
Chatterjee Ananjan, Mahadesh Jyothi, B L Laxmidevi, Pillai Arun Gopinathan, Salroo Humaira Nazir, L Pradeep
Introduction: Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) accounts 94% of all malignant lesions in the oral cavity. In the assessment of OSCC, nowadays the WHO grading system has been followed widely but due to its subjectivity, investigators applied the sophisticated technique of computer-assisted image analysis in the grading of carcinoma in larynx, lungs, esophagus, and cervix to make it more objective. Aims and Objectives: Access, analyze, and compare the cellular area (CA); cytoplasmic area (Cyt A); nuclear area (NA); nuclear perimeter (NP); nuclear form factor (NF); and nuclear-cytoplasmic ratio (N/C) of the cells in different grades of OSCC...
January 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505548/concomitant-endometrial-and-cervical-adenocarcinoma-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#17
REVIEW
Mengfei Xu, Feng Zhou, Lili Huang
RATIONALE: Concomitant malignancy of the endometrium and cervix is extremely rare. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 56-year-old female presented to the Women's Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, complaining of irregular vaginal bleeding. The human papillomavirus test (type 18/45) was positive. We performed dilation and curettage; pathology revealed moderately differentiated endometrial carcinoma exhibiting squamous differentiation. The epithelium of the cervical uterus was atypical upon biopsy...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484001/para-and-intraurethral-penile-tumor-like-condilomatosis
#18
Anastasiya Atanasova Chokoeva, Uwe Wollina, Torello Lotti, Georgi Konstantinov Maximov, Ilia Lozev, Georgi Tchernev
Condyloma acuminata represents an epidermal manifestation, associated with the epidermotropic human papillomavirus (HPV). They have been reported as the most common sexually transmitted disease, with prevalence exceeding 50%, increased up to 4 times, within the last two decades, as the most common side of affection are the penis, vulva, vagina, cervix, perineum, and perianal area, with increased prevalence in young, sexually active individuals. Increased attention should be focused on lesions, caused by types, with moderate (33, 35, 39, 40, 43, 45, 51-56, 58) or high risk potential (types 16, 18) for malignant transformation, leading to further development of cancers of anus, vagina, vulva and penis, as well as cancers of the head and neck...
January 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475918/pulmonary-tumor-embolism-due-to-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-uterine-cervix-a-case-report
#19
Shohei Okazaki, Takanori Abe, Natsuko Takayanagi, Masanori Yasuda, Fumikazu Sakai, Kunihiko Kobayashi, Shingo Kato
BACKGROUND/AIM: We report on a case of pulmonary tumor embolism caused by squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A 60-year-old female diagnosed with stage IVB (cT4N1M1) squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix was admitted to our institution with a chief complaint of progressive dyspnea that developed within a few days after admission. RESULTS: A chest CT scan showed dilated pulmonary arteries, right ventricular enlargement and mosaic ground-glass opacities in both lungs...
March 2018: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475202/postpartum-genital-melanoma-a-case-report
#20
Gisele Alborghetti Nai, Andressa Bazan, Caroline Andrade Rocha, Juliana Souza Nagy, Isadora Tanaka Campos
Melanomas of the female genital tract may occur in the vulva, the vagina, the ovary or the cervix. Pregnancy has been considered an aggravating factor in the evolution and prognosis of melanoma. A 35-year-old female presented with vaginal bleeding 2 months after a term cesarean delivery. An endovaginal ultrasound revealed a lesion in the uterine cervix. The pathological report revealed a small round-cell neoplasm, and the immunohistochemistry confirmed the diagnosis of malignant melanoma. A positron emission tomography revealed an expansive hypermetabolic lesion centered on the cervix, and hypermetabolic lesions in the liver and right kidney...
March 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
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