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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893632/the-evolution-of-photography-and-three-dimensional-imaging-in-plastic-surgery
#1
Jason M Weissler, Carrie S Stern, Jillian Schreiber, Bardia Amirlak, Oren M Tepper
Throughout history, the technological advancements of conventional clinical photography in plastic surgery have refined not only the plastic surgeon's armamentarium, but have invigorated the profession through technology. The technology of the once traditional two-dimensional photograph has since been revolutionized and refashioned to incorporate novel applications, which have since become the standard in clinical photography.Contrary to traditional standardized two-dimensional photographs, three-dimensional photography provides the surgeon with an invaluable volumetric and morphological analysis by demonstrating true surface dimensions both pre and postoperatively...
November 21, 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893559/personalized-reconstruction-of-traumatic-orbital-defects-based-on-precise-three-dimensional-orientation-and-measurements-of-the-globe
#2
Li Huang, Lisong Lin, Zhihong Wang, Bin Shi, Xiaofeng Zhu, Yu Qiu, Yue Huang, Xueyuan Yu, Yunyang Liao
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to precisely assess the severity of traumatic orbital defects and techniques for personalized orbital reconstruction. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted in 97 patients with traumatic orbital defects who were treated in our hospital between July 2003 and June 2012. Pre- and postoperative spiral computed tomography scans were performed in all patients. A spatial orientation technique was used to measure the three-dimensional position of the globe and calculate the changes in the orbital volume...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893076/jama-facial-plastic-surgery
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893023/patient-reported-outcome-measures-for-facial-plastic-surgery-a-specialty-finally-gets-to-go-to-the-prom
#4
Sam P Most, Sami P Moubayed
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2016: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892976/validation-of-a-method-for-estimation-of-facial-age-by-plastic-surgeons
#5
Denis Souto Valente, Jefferson Braga da Silva, Aline Grimaldi Lerias, Daniele Dos Santos Rossi, Alexandre Vontobel Padoin
Importance: Within cosmetic facial plastic surgery, there is considerable difficulty in producing high-quality scientific publications because of the lack of scientific tools that serve to transform sensations, such as more beautiful or rejuvenated, into numbers capable of being used in statistical analysis. Objective: To validate an objective evaluation method that can be used to define the perception of facial age in scientific studies. Design, Setting, and Participants: This is a cross-sectional, observational study of evaluation by plastic surgeons of 70 photographs of patients from a private care hospital performed from March 1, 2015, through April 30, 2016...
November 17, 2016: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880921/determination-of-the-gut-retention-of-plastic-microbeads-and-microfibers-in-goldfish-carassius-auratus
#6
Stefan Grigorakis, Sherri A Mason, Ken G Drouillard
Microplastics are ubiquitous pollutants in aquatic habitats and commonly found in the gut contents of fish yet relatively little is known about the retention of these particles by fish. In this study, goldfish were fed a commercial fish food pellet amended with 50 particles of one of two microplastics types, microbeads and microfibers. Microbeads were obtained from a commercial facial cleanser while microfibers were obtained from washed synthetic textile. Following consumption of the amended pellet, fish were allowed to feed to satiation on non-amended food followed by fasting for periods ranging from 1...
November 20, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876897/mmps-and-timps-expression-in-facial-tissue-of-children-with-cleft-lip-and-palate
#7
Liene Smane-Filipova, Mara Pilmane, Ilze Akota
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Morphogenesis of the upper lip and palate is a complex process involving highly regulated interactions between epithelial and mesenchymal cells. Genetic evidence in humans and mice indicates the involvement of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their endogenous tissue inhibitors (TIMPs) in cleft lip palate (CLP) aetiology. This study investigated whether expression of MMP-2, MMP-8, MMP-9, TIMP-2, and TIMP-4, which are essential for the upper lip and palate fusion, is dysregulated in children with CLP...
November 21, 2016: Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palack√Ĺ, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870346/divided-zygomatic-bone-in-primates-with-implications-of-skull-morphology-and-biomechanics
#8
Qian Wang, Paul C Dechow
Typically the zygoma is a single bone in the facial skeleton whose shape uniquely copes with loads associated with mastication. Rarely but naturally, the zygoma is divided into two or more parts by supernumerary sutures. These extra intrazygomatic sutures are located at an area of critical morphological and biomechanical importance, yet their impacts have not been studied. In this study, the morphological and possible biomechanical consequences of the divided zygoma (DZ) were investigated in primates including rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta), orangutans (Pongo abelii and P...
December 2016: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836135/microplastics-in-personal-care-products-exploring-perceptions-of-environmentalists-beauticians-and-students
#9
A G Anderson, J Grose, S Pahl, R C Thompson, K J Wyles
Microplastics enter the environment as a result of larger plastic items breaking down ('secondary') and from particles originally manufactured at that size ('primary'). Personal care products are an important contributor of secondary microplastics (typically referred to as 'microbeads'), for example in toothpaste, facial scrubs and soaps. Consumers play an important role in influencing the demand for these products and therefore any associated environmental consequences. Hence we need to understand public perceptions in order to help reduce emissions of microplastics...
November 8, 2016: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817916/orbital-periorbital-plexiform-neurofibromas-in-children-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1-multidisciplinary-recommendations-for-care
#10
Robert A Avery, James A Katowitz, Michael J Fisher, Gena Heidary, Eva Dombi, Roger J Packer, Brigitte C Widemann
TOPIC: Children and adults with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), a common autosomal dominant condition, manifest a variety of ophthalmologic conditions. Plexiform neurofibromas (PNs) involving the eyelid, orbit, periorbital, and facial structures (orbital-periorbital plexiform neurofibroma [OPPN]) can result in significant visual loss in children. Equally important, OPPNs can cause significant alteration in physical appearance secondary to proptosis, ptosis, and facial disfigurement, leading to social embarrassment and decreased self-esteem...
November 3, 2016: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798113/oral-facial-digital-syndrome-type-i-cells-exhibit-impaired-dna-repair-unanticipated-consequences-of-defective-ofd1-outside-of-the-cilia-network
#11
Iga Abramowicz, Gillian Carpenter, Mariaevelina Alfieri, Rita Colnaghi, Emily Outwin, Philippe Parent, Christel Thauvin-Robinet, Daniela Iaconis, Brunella Franco, Mark O'Driscoll
Defects in OFD1 underlie the clinically complex ciliopathy, Oral-Facial-Digital syndrome Type I (OFD Type I). Our understanding of the molecular, cellular and clinical consequences of impaired OFD1 originate from its characterised roles at the centrosome/basal body/cilia network. Nonetheless, the first described OFD1 interactors were components of the TIP60 histone acetyltransferase complex. We find that OFD1 can also localise to chromatin and its reduced expression is associated with mis-localization of TIP60 in patient-derived cell lines...
October 25, 2016: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787548/creation-of-the-american-academy-of-facial-plastic-and-reconstructive-surgery-face-to-face-database
#12
Manoj T Abraham, Joseph J Rousso, Shirley Hu, Ryan F Brown, Augustine L Moscatello, J Charles Finn, Neha A Patel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 27, 2016: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768196/correction-of-age-related-midface-volume-loss-with-low-volume-hyaluronic-acid-filler
#13
Monique Vanaman Wilson, Sabrina Guillen Fabi, Ryan Greene
Importance: The pivotal approval trial for a smooth, highly cohesive, viscous, 20-mg/mL hyaluronic acid filler demonstrated sustained aesthetic improvement, with a mean injection volume of 6.65 mL. In daily practice, however, it is not often practical or necessary to use large injection volumes to achieve the desired cosmetic outcome. Objective: To assess the efficacy, longevity, and patient satisfaction associated with correction of age-related midface volume loss using the low volumes of hyaluronic acid filler more commonly used in day-to-day practice...
October 20, 2016: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757330/three-dimensional-analysis-of-normal-facial-morphologies-of-asians-and-whites-a-novel-method-of-quantitative-analysis
#14
Jamie Y Kim, Chung H Kau, Terpsithea Christou, Maja Ovsenik, Young Guk Park
: The purpose of this study is to compare 3-dimensional facial averages of Asians (Koreans and Chinese) and Houstonian white faces using a (3-dimensional) surface imaging system. METHODS: Three-dimensional images of Korean adults (Seoul, Korea) with class I malocclusion captured using the 3dMDface. The images of 138 Koreans were processed to generate average male and female facial shells using Rapidform 2006 plus pack 2 software and then superimposed and compared with the average shells of Chinese adults (Xi' An, China) and white adults (Houston, Tex...
September 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755400/pre-expanded-submental-island-flap-for-resurfacing-middle-and-lower-facial-defect
#15
Ning Ma, Yang Qun Li, Yong Tang, Wen Chen, Zhe Yang, Mu Xin Zhao, Wei Xin Wang, Li Si Xu, Jun Feng
Resurfacing large facial defect is a continuing challenge for plastic surgeons. Skin graft or free flap is hard to obtain satisfactory results or is beyond the skill of most surgeons. The authors performed 13 expended submental island flaps to resurface middle and lower facial defects and achieved satisfactory results. In the first stage operation, the authors implanted one soft tissue expander in the anterior neck region which was expanded over an average of 3 months. In the second stage operation, the authors elevated the expanded submental island flap to resurface facial defect...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748725/postoperative-satisfaction-in-nasal-bone-fracture-patients-who-had-rhinoplasty
#16
Taewoon Yoon, Youngjoon Kim
PURPOSE: Nasal bone fracture is the most common type of facial bone fracture. There are 2 main reduction methods for treating nasal bone fractures: open reduction and closed reduction. A secondary operation was required when there was a deviation of shape after the operation, so there have been many studies conducted on patient satisfaction after reduction. However, there was few study on the satisfaction of nasal bone fracture patients with rhinoplasty depending on treatment modality...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740959/surgical-strategies-for-soft-tissue-management-in-hypertelorbitism
#17
Cassio Eduardo Raposo-Amaral, Rafael Denadai, Enrico Ghizoni, Cesar Augusto Raposo-Amaral
BACKGROUND: Although craniofacial bone correction is the essential step in hypertelorbitism correction, the final result depends on the management of soft tissue deformities. The purpose of this study was to review our surgical strategies for soft tissue reconstruction in hypertelorbitism correction. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed of consecutive patients with hypertelorbitism, undergoing hypertelorbitism correction between 2007 and 2014. All aspects related to the craniofacial surgical procedures (number and type of procedures, outcomes, and complications) were verified through medical records, clinical photographs, and interviews with all patients...
October 6, 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720721/what-name-best-represents-our-specialty-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgeon-versus-oral-and-facial-surgeon
#18
Andre V Guerrero, Jeffrey A Elo, Ho-Hyun Brian Sun, Alan S Herford
PURPOSE: To determine whether changing "oral and maxillofacial surgeon" (OMS) to "oral and facial surgeon" would improve the perception and awareness of the OMS's role and surgical scope of practice in undergraduate biomedical and dental students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study requested undergraduate and dental students to select 1 of 5 specialists to treat 21 conditions. Two different surveys were presented: 1 designating specialists as "oral and maxillofacial surgeons" and 1 designating specialists as "oral and facial surgeons...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712826/craniofacial-surgery-for-the-facial-plastic-surgeon
#19
Lisa M Morris, Sherard A Tatum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697886/clinical-use-of-galaflex-in-facial-and-breast-cosmetic-plastic-surgery
#20
William P Adams, Dean M Toriumi, Bruce W Van Natta
: Resolution of ptosis is a key step to the success of many plastic surgery procedures. Ptosis is a manifestation of tissue stretch. Tissue stretch can occur as a result of the natural aging process or health of the patient, or tissue may stretch under added weight or volume, such as when implants are placed. Surgical rejuvenation of ptotic tissues is very effective and results in marked changes in the patient profile yet the tissue that resulted in the need for the procedure first place has not improved and ptosis can recur...
October 3, 2016: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
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