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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932309/the-effect-of-three-different-biomaterials-on-proliferation-and-viability-of-human-dental-pulp-stem-cells-in-vitro-study
#1
Dalia A Mohamed, Maha I Abdelfattah, Eman H A Aboulezz
BACKGROUND: Biomaterial cytotoxicity on dental stem cells plays a critical role in managing the regeneration of dental tissue. AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of Nano-hydroxy apatite (NHA), Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), and Calcium-enriched mixture (CEM) on the proliferation, and viability of human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) isolated from third molar teeth. METHODS: Cultured DPSCs were characterized and the tested biomaterials were shaped into cylinders then inserted directly on the DPSCs...
August 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910718/water-quality-of-surface-runoff-and-lint-yield-in-cotton-under-furrow-irrigation-in-northeast-arkansas
#2
M Arlene A Adviento-Borbe, Brittany D Barnes, Oluwayinka Iseyemi, Amanda M Mann, Michele L Reba, William J Robertson, Joseph H Massey, Tina G Teague
Use of furrow irrigation in row crop production is a common practice through much of the Midsouth US and yet, nutrients can be transported off-site through surface runoff. A field study with cotton (Gossypium hirsutum, L.) was conducted to understand the impact of furrow tillage practices and nitrogen (N) fertilizer placement on characteristics of runoff water quality during the growing season. The experiment was designed as a randomized complete block design with conventional (CT) and conservation furrow tillage (FT) in combination with either urea (URN) broadcast or 32% urea ammonium nitrate (UAN) injected, each applied at 101kgNha(-1)...
September 11, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888007/nano%C3%A2-calcium-phosphate-bone-cement-based-on-si-stabilized-%C3%AE-tricalcium-phosphate-with-improved-mechanical-properties
#3
M Roozbahani, M Alehosseini, M Kharaziha, R Emadi
This study aimed to develop nano‑calcium phosphate cement (nCPC) and evaluate the effect of nanosized precursors on mechanical, physical and handling properties (injectability and setting time) as well as conversion rate of nano-reactants into nano-hydroxyapatite (nHA). In this study, while alpha tricalcium phosphate (α-TCP, 98wt%) and HA (2wt%) were applied as the powder phase, 2.5wt% NaH2PO4 solution was used as liquid phase of cement. Before nano-CPC preparation, Si-stabilized α-TCP nanopowder with particle size of 10±3...
December 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866179/fabrication-and-in-vivo-evaluation-of-hydroxyapatite-carbon-nanotube-electrospun-fibers-for-biomedical-dental-application
#4
A S Khan, A N Hussain, L Sidra, Z Sarfraz, H Khalid, M Khan, F Manzoor, L Shahzadi, M Yar, I U Rehman
The aim was to synthesize bioactive electrospun fibers for biomedical and dental application with improved biocompatibility. In situ precipitation of nano-hydroxyapatite (nHA) was performed with various concentrations (0.5%, 1%, 2%, 3%, and 5% wt/wt) of functionalized multi-walled-carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) by using microwave irradiation technique. The obtained composites were characterized by Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR), X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Thermogravimetric Analysis/Differential Scanning Calorimetry (TGA/DSC), and the cylindrical discs were made for mechanical testing...
November 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845435/histologic-and-histomorphometric-comparison-between-sintered-nanohydroxyapatite-and-anorganic-bovine-xenograft-in-maxillary-sinus-grafting-a-split-mouth-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#5
Claudio Stacchi, Teresa Lombardi, Francesco Oreglia, Andrea Alberghini Maltoni, Tonino Traini
The presence of vital bone after maxillary sinus augmentation is crucial to enhance the quality of bone-implant interface, ensuring predictable long-term results. The aims of this RCT with split-mouth design were the histologic and histomorphometric comparison of two different biomaterials in sinus elevation after 6 months of healing and the evaluation of the clinical outcomes of implants inserted in the augmented areas after 12 months of prosthetic loading. Twenty-eight patients (10 females, 18 males) were treated with bilateral sinus floor elevation with lateral approach...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809613/enrolling-hiv-positive-adolescents-in-mental-health-research-a-case-study-reflecting-on-legal-and-ethical-complexities
#6
Nataly Woollett, John Peter, Lucie Cluver, Heena Brahmbhatt
BACKGROUND: Adolescents living with HIV are an emerging group in the global HIV/AIDS epidemic. Mental health in this population affects HIV care, treatment, consequential morbidity and secondary transmission. There is a paucity of research regarding these youth in South Africa (SA), partly because section 71 of the National Health Act of 2003 (NHA) requires parental or guardian's consent. OBJECTIVE: To explore legal and ethical issues related to conducting adolescent mental health research in SA...
July 28, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806146/three-dimensional-bioprinting-of-polycaprolactone-reinforced-gene-activated-bioinks-for-bone-tissue-engineering
#7
Gráinne M Cunniffe, Tomas Gonzalez-Fernandez, Andrew Daly, Binulal N Sathy, Oju Jeon, Eben Alsberg, Daniel J Kelly
Regeneration of complex bone defects remains a significant clinical challenge. Multi-tool biofabrication has permitted the combination of various biomaterials to create multifaceted composites with tailorable mechanical properties and spatially controlled biological function. In this study we sought to use bioprinting to engineer nonviral gene activated constructs reinforced by polymeric micro-filaments. A gene activated bioink was developed using RGD-γ-irradiated alginate and nano-hydroxyapatite (nHA) complexed to plasmid DNA (pDNA)...
August 14, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790168/microrna-211-bdnf-axis-regulates-lps-induced-proliferation-of-normal-human-astrocyte-through-pi3k-akt-pathway
#8
Kexiang Zhang, Song Wu, Zhiyue Li, Jiahui Zhou
Spinal cord injury (SCI) makes a major contribution to disability and deaths worldwide. Reactive astrogliosis, a typical feature after SCI, which undergoes varying molecular and morphological changes, is ubiquitous but poorly understood. Reactive astrogliosis contributes to glial scar formation that impedes axonal regeneration. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a well-established neurotrophic factor, exerts neuroprotective and growth-promoting effects on a variety of neuronal populations after injury...
August 31, 2017: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772618/bilayer-poly-lactic-co-glycolic-acid-nano-hydroxyapatite-membrane-with-barrier-function-and-osteogenesis-promotion-for-guided-bone-regeneration
#9
Li Fu, Zhanfeng Wang, Shujun Dong, Yan Cai, Yuxin Ni, Tianshou Zhang, Lin Wang, Yanmin Zhou
Guided bone regeneration (GBR) is one such treatment that reconstructs neo-bone tissue by using a barrier membrane to prevent the invasion of soft tissue and to create a space for guiding new bone growth into the bone defect. Herein, we report a novel functionally graded bilayer membrane (FGBM) for GBR application. To fabricate the novel membrane, the composites of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) and nano-hydroxyapatite were prepared by phase inversion for the dense layer and by electrospinning for another porous layer, and their corresponding properties were evaluated including surface morphology, mechanics, degradability, cell barrier function, and in vitro osteogenic bioactivity...
March 3, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742704/racial-ethnic-disparities-in-longer-term-outcomes-among-emergency-general-surgery-patients-the-unique-experience-of-universally-insured-older-adults
#10
Cheryl K Zogg, Wei Jiang, Taylor D Ottesen, Shahid Shafi, Kevin Schuster, Robert Becher, Kimberly A Davis, Adil H Haider
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether racial/ethnic disparities in 30/90/180-day mortality, major morbidity, and unplanned readmissions exist among universally insured older adult (≥65 years) emergency general surgery patients; vary by diagnostic category; and can be explained by variations in geography, teaching status, age-cohort, and a hospital's percentage of minority patients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: As the US population ages and discussions surrounding the optimal method of insurance provision increasingly enter into national debate, longer-term outcomes are of paramount concern...
July 24, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741921/bioinspired-composite-matrix-containing-hydroxyapatite-silica-core-shell-nanorods-for-bone-tissue-engineering
#11
Anitha A, Deepthy Menon, Sivanarayanan T B, Manzoor Koyakutty, Chandini C Mohan, Shantikumar V Nair, Manitha B Nair
Development of multifunctional bioinspired scaffolds that can stimulate vascularization and regeneration is necessary for the application in bone tissue engineering. Herein, we report a composite matrix containing hydroxyapatite (HA)-silica core-shell nanorods with good biocompatibility, osteogenic differentiation, vascularization, and bone regeneration potential. The biomaterial consists of a crystalline, rod-shaped nanoHA core with uniform amorphous silica sheath (Si-nHA) that retains the characteristic phases of the individual components, confirmed by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffractometer, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy...
August 16, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714236/effectiveness-of-tissue-engineered-three-dimensional-bioactive-graft-on-bone-healing-and-regeneration-an-in-vivo-study-with-significant-clinical-value
#12
Mostafa Shahrezaie, Ali Moshiri, Babak Shekarchi, Ahmad Oryan, Nicola Maffulli, Javad Parvizi
Several strategies have been used to promote bone repair; with many failing due to the lack of osteoinduction. We describe our approach for promoting bone healing that attempts to overcome prior shortcomings. First, we compared the role of different concentrations of Gelatin (Gel), nanostructured-hydroxyapatite (nHA), Simvastatin (Sim) and nHA-Sim particles on healing of small femoral bone defects in rabbits. The effective concentration of each of them was studied, and then a three-dimensional porous scaffold was designed using Gel, nHA and Sim which was then cross-linked with Genipin...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714045/characterization-drug-loading-and-antibacterial-activity-of-nanohydroxyapatite-polycaprolactone-nha-pcl-electrospun-membrane
#13
Mohd Izzat Hassan, Naznin Sultana
Considering the important factor of bioactive nanohydoxyapatite (nHA) to enhance osteoconductivity or bone-bonding capacity, nHA was incorporated into an electrospun polycaprolactone (PCL) membrane using electrospinning techniques. The viscosity of the PCL and nHA/PCL with different concentrations of nHA was measured and the morphology of the electrospun membranes was compared using a field emission scanning electron microscopy. The water contact angle of the nanofiber determined the wettability of the membranes of different concentrations...
August 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692986/heavy-tailed-noise-suppression-and-derivative-wavelet-scalogram-for-detecting-dna-copy-number-aberrations
#14
Nha Nguyen, An Vo, Haibin Sun, Heng Huang
Most existing array comparative genomic hybridization (array CGH) data processing methods and evaluation models assumed that the probability density function of noise in array CGH is a Gaussian distribution. However, in practice such noise distribution is peaky and heavy-tailed. A more accurate and sufficient model of noise in array CGH data is necessary and beneficial to the detection of DNA copy number variations. We analyze the real array CGH data from different platforms and show that the distribution of noise in array CGH data is fitted very well by generalized Gaussian distribution (GGD)...
July 6, 2017: IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684725/the-influence-of-copolymer-composition-on-plga-nha-scaffolds-cytotoxicity-and-in-vitro-degradation
#15
Esperanza Díaz, Igor Puerto, Silvie Ribeiro, Senentxu Lanceros-Mendez, José Manuel Barandiarán
The influence of copolymer composition on Poly(Lactide-co-Glycolide)/nanohydroxyapatite (PLGA/nHA) composite scaffolds is studied in the context of bone tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. The composite scaffolds are fabricated by thermally-induced phase separation and the effect of bioactive nanoparticles on their in vitro degradation in phosphate-buffered solution at 37 °C is analyzed over eight weeks. The indirect cytotoxicity evaluation of the samples followed an adaptation of the ISO 10993-5 standard test method...
July 6, 2017: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668749/spruce-fir-forest-changes-during-a-30-year-nitrogen-saturation-experiment
#16
Steven G McNulty, Johnny L Boggs, John D Aber, Lindsey E Rustad
A field experiment was established in a high elevation red spruce (Picea rubens Sarg.) - balsam fir (Abies balsamea) forest on Mount Ascutney Vermont, USA in 1988 to test the nitrogen (N) saturation hypothesis, and to better understand the mechanisms causing forest decline at the time. The study established replicate control, low and high dose nitrogen addition plots (i.e., 0, 15.7 and 31.4kgNH4Cl-Nha(-1)yr(-1)). The treatments began in 1988 and continued annually until 2010, but monitoring has continued to present...
December 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666210/mir-489-inhibits-proliferation-cell-cycle-progression-and-induces-apoptosis-of-glioma-cells-via-targeting-spin1-mediated-pi3k-akt-pathway
#17
Yan Li, Xiaolin Ma, Yanpeng Wang, Guohua Li
microRNA-489 (miR-489), a newly identified tumor-related miRNA, functions as an oncogene or tumor suppressor via regulating growth and metastasis of human cancers. But, the clinical significance, biological function and underlying mechanisms of miR-489 in glioma remain rarely known. Here, we showed that the levels of miR-489 in glioma tissues were notably underexpressed compared to corresponding non-tumor tissues. In accordance, the relative levels of miR-489 were decreased in glioma cell lines compared with NHA cells...
September 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629069/evaluation-of-electrospun-biomimetic-substrate-surface-decorated-with-nanohydroxyapatite-precipitation-for-osteoblasts-behavior
#18
Sai Zhang, Guojun Jiang, Molamma P Prabhakaran, Xiaohong Qin, Seeram Ramakrishna
To engineer bone tissue, it is crucial to design scaffolds with micro- and nano-sized architecture imitating approximate hierarchical structure of native bone, and afford desirable biological properties by introducing biocompatible polymers and bioceramics into the scaffolds. Here, a novel scaffold consisting of poly-3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate (PHBV)/polyaspartic acid (PAA) was fabricated by electrospinning and nano-hydroxyapatite (nHA) was deposited by calcium-phosphate dipping process for bone tissue regeneration...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620549/lamination-of-microfibrous-plga-fabric-by-electrospinning-a-layer-of-collagen-hydroxyapatite-composite-nanofibers-for-bone-tissue-engineering
#19
Gi-Wan Kwon, Kailash Chandra Gupta, Kyung-Hye Jung, Inn-Kyu Kang
BACKGROUND: To mimic the muscle inspired cells adhesion through proteins secretion, the lamination of collagen-hydroxyapatite nanorod (nHA) composite nanofibers has been carried out successfully on polydopamine (PDA)-coated microfibrous polylactide-co-glycolide (PLGA) fabrics. The lamination of collagen-hydroxyapatite composite nanofibers on polydopamine-coated microfibrous PLGA fabrics was carried through electrospinning the solution of collagen containing L-glutamic acid-grafted hydroxyapatite nanorods (nHA-GA) at a flow rate of 1...
2017: Biomaterials Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618469/collisional-dissipation-rate-in-shearing-flows-of-granular-liquid-crystals
#20
Diego Berzi, Nha Thai-Quang, Yu Guo, Jennifer Curtis
We make use of discrete-element-method numerical simulations of inelastic frictionless cylinders in simple shearing at different length-to-diameter ratios and solid volume fractions to analyze the rate of collisional dissipation of the fluctuation kinetic energy. We show that the nonspherical geometry of the particles is responsible, by inducing rotation, for increasing the dissipation rate of the fluctuation kinetic energy with respect to that for frictionless spheres. We also suggest that the partial alignment of the cylinders induced by shearing concurs with the particle inelasticity in generating correlation in the velocity fluctuations and thus affecting the collisional dissipation rate as the solid volume fraction increases...
May 2017: Physical Review. E
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