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Bioweapons chemical weapons

David Friedman, Bracha Rager-Zisman, Eitan Bibi, Alex Keynan
Israel has a long history of concern with chemical and biological threats, since several hostile states in the Middle East are likely to possess such weapons. The Twin-Tower terrorist attacks and Anthrax envelope scares of 2001 were a watershed for public perceptions of the threat of unconventional terror in general and of biological terror in particular. New advances in biotechnology will only increase the ability of terrorists to exploit the burgeoning availability of related information to develop ever-more destructive bioweapons...
March 2010: Science and Engineering Ethics
R Russell M Paterson
Recent aggressive attacks on innocent citizens have resulted in governments increasing security. However, there is a good case for prevention rather than reaction. Bioweapons, mycotoxins, fungal biocontrol agents (FBCA), and even pharmaceuticals contain, or are, toxins and need to be considered in the context of the new paradigm. Is it desirable to discuss such issues? None of the fungi are (a) as toxic as botulinum toxin from Clostridium botulinum, and (b) as dangerous as nuclear weapons. One toxin may be defined as a pharmaceutical and vice versa simply by a small change in concentration or a moiety...
September 2006: Mycological Research
Erik Deichmann Heegaard, John-Erik Stig Hansen
Biological weapons have been known for centuries, and since World War II, offensive programs have accelerated the development of these weapons considerably. The anthrax attacks in the fall 2001 and speculations regarding the research and development of Iraqi bioweapons have been causes for concern. The effect of biological weapons may be overwhelming, in particular when one is dealing with a contagious agent. The National Centre for Biological Defence provides a preparedness capability through evidence-based research and practical operational capabilities...
September 5, 2005: Ugeskrift for Laeger
Sylwia Szafraniec, Paweł Grzesiowski, Waleria Hryniewicz
The risk of biological and chemical terrorism is growing according to availability of modern biotechnologies and financial resources. The most potent biological weapon mentioned in the last decade is anthrax. The number of naturally acquired infections in humans is constantly reduced, however endemic areas are located in South and Middle Americas, South Europe, Asia and Africa. In any case of infection laboratory confirmation is indicated. Primary basic testing is available in all microbiology laboratories...
2004: Przegla̧d Lekarski
D A Henderson
Biological weapons have recently attracted the attention and the resources of the nation. Discerning the nature of the threat of bioweapons as well as appropriate responses to them requires greater attention to the biological characteristics of these instruments of war and terror. The dominant paradigm of a weapon as a nuclear device that explodes or a chemical cloud that is set adrift leaves us ill-equipped conceptually and practically to assess and thus to prevent the potentially devastating effects of bioterrorism...
February 26, 1999: Science
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