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Johannes Möller, Theyencheri Narayanan
We report a gradual transition of dynamics in sedimenting suspensions of charge stabilized Brownian particles prior to the onset of the macroscopic sedimentation front. Using multispeckle ultrasmall-angle x-ray photon correlation spectroscopy (USA-XPCS), we show that well-defined advective motions dominate the colloid dynamics during the early stages of sedimentation. With elapsing time, these advective currents decay and diffusive motions become the dominating contribution in the dynamics. Probing the temporal development of these fluctuations at smaller Peclet numbers (<1) provides a new perspective for the mechanism determining the transient nature of velocity fluctuations in sedimentation and demonstrates new experimental capabilities enabled by multispeckle USA-XPCS...
May 12, 2017: Physical Review Letters
Mingfei Zhao, Xin Yong
Evaporation-induced assembly of nanoparticles in a drying droplet is of great importance in many engineering applications, including printing, coating and thin film processing. The investigation of particle dynamics in evaporating droplets can provide fundamental hydrodynamic insight for revealing the processing-structure relationship in the particle self-organization induced by solvent evaporation. We develop a free-energy-based multiphase lattice Boltzmann method coupled with Brownian dynamics to simulate evaporating colloidal droplets on solid substrates with specified wetting properties...
May 26, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Matthew D Wehrman, Melissa J Milstrey, Seth Lindberg, Kelly M Schultz
A microfluidic device is designed to measure repeated phase transitions, gelation and degradation, on a single sample by exchanging the surrounding fluid while minimizing shear stress. This device enables quantitative microrheological characterization of material properties over multiple phase transitions, determining whether the material returns to the same equilibrium state. Fluid exchange is accomplished by using a two layer design, the sample is trapped in the first layer and the second layer is a well for the exchanging fluid...
May 26, 2017: Lab on a Chip
Da-Hye Lim, Parthiban Ramasamy, Do-Hyun Kwak, Jong-Soo Lee
Recently, metal halide perovskite nanocrystals have demonstrated outstanding properties in various optoelectronic applications. Cesium lead halides (CsPbX3) are the most studied perovskites in nanoscale dimensions. However, halide perovskite nanocrystals with other cations have rarely been reported. It is important to develop new perovskite compositions to further expand their application in various fields. In this paper, we first report the synthesis of colloidal rubidium lead iodide (RbPbI3) nanowires (NWs)...
May 26, 2017: Nanotechnology
Charles Skarbek, Julia Delahousse, Catherine Pioche-Durieu, Sonia Baconnais, Alain Deroussent, Patrice Renevret, Michael Rivard, Didier Desmaele, Thierry Martens, Eric Le Cam, Patrick Couvreur, Angelo Paci
Oxazaphosphorines including cyclophosphamide, trofosfamide and ifosfamide (IFO) belong to the alkylating agent class and are indicated in the treatment of numerous cancers. However, IFO is subject to limiting side-effects in high-dose protocols. To circumvent IFO drawbacks in clinical practices, preactivated IFO analogs were designed to by-pass the toxic metabolic pathway. Among these IFO analogs, some of them showed the ability to self-assemble due to the use of a poly-isoprenyloxy chain as preactivating moiety...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Xiaoxi Huang, Tao Zhang, Tewodros Asefa
A simple, new synthetic method that produces hollow, mesoporous carbon microparticles, each with a single hole on its surface, is reported. The synthesis involves unique templates, which are composed of gaseous bubbles and colloidal silica, and poly(furfuryl alcohol) as a carbon precursor. The conditions that give these morphologically unique carbon microparticles are investigated, and the mechanisms that result in their unique structures are proposed. Notably, the amount of colloidal silica and the type of polymer are found to hugely dictate whether or not the synthesis results in hollow asymmetrical microparticles, each with a single hole...
May 19, 2017: Small
Carlos Torrente, Isabel Vigueras, Edgar G Manzanilla, Cecilia Villaverde, Laura Fresno, Bibiana Carvajal, Marina Fiñana, Cristina Costa-Farré
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of intraoperative gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and postanesthetic vomiting and diarrhea, and to evaluate risk factors associated with these gastrointestinal disorders (GID) in dogs undergoing general anesthesia. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Two hundred thirty-seven client-owned dogs undergoing general inhalant anesthesia for diagnostic or surgical purposes...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
Walter T Ralston, Gérôme Melaet, Tommy Saephan, Gabor A Somorjai
The Fischer-Tropsch process, or the catalytic hydrogenation of carbon monoxide (CO), produces long chain hydrocarbons and offers an alternative to the use of crude oil for chemical feedstocks. The observed size dependence of cobalt (Co) catalysts for the Fischer-Tropsch reaction was studied with colloidally prepared Co nanoparticles and a chemical transient kinetics reactor capable of measurements under non-steady-state conditions. Co nanoparticles of 4.3 nm and 9.5 nm diameters were synthesized and tested under atmospheric pressure conditions and H2 /CO=2...
May 24, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Jean-Luc Trompette
The influence of the nature of three representative monovalent co-ions on the gelation kinetics of Ludox suspensions has been investigated. At a given Ludox volume fraction and for the same concentration of potassium salt, the gelation time is longer as the studied anion presents a more pronounced kosmotrope character. As the screening of the silica surface charge is similar since the same cationic counterion is taken, these results highlight the unexpected role played by hydration effects imparted by the co-ions when particles are pushed together as gelation proceeds...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Hideyuki Shinmori, Chihiro Mochizuki
The side-by-side assembly of gold nanorods and proteins, particularly human serum albumin, exhibits a distinct chiroptical activity in a wide range of visible and near-infrared wavelengths corresponding to the surface plasmon resonance. The anisotropy factor was the highest in a colloidal solution system and was able to be inverted by an external environment.
May 25, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Mingjie Li, Saikat Bhaumik, Teck Wee Goh, Muduli Subas Kumar, Natalia Yantara, Michael Grätzel, Subodh Mhaisalkar, Nripan Mathews, Tze Chien Sum
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/ncomms14350.
May 25, 2017: Nature Communications
Farzaneh Zolfagharian, Saba Ghazanfari, Sepideh Elyasi, Paria Iraji, Mohammad Reza Saberi, Nasser Vahdati-Mashhadian, Amir Hooshang Mohammadpour
Background Albumin is a protein colloidal solution with limited availability and high cost. It should be used in such approved indications as paracentesis, extensive burn, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, and nephrotic syndrome. Objectives The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the appropriateness of albumin usage before and after an evidence-based guideline. Setting Four wards of Imam Reza Hospital, Mashhad, Iran. Method An interventional pre-post design study was performed on 2 groups of patients; in gGroup 1 as a preparation phase group in 6 months from February 2015 to July 2015 and Group 2 as an interventional group from September 2015 to February 2016...
May 24, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Matthew C Hernandez, Cornelius A Thiels, Johnathon M Aho, Elizabeth B Habermann, Martin D Zielinski, James A Stubbs, Donald H Jenkins, Scott P Zietlow
INTRODUCTION: Trauma related hypotension and coagulopathy worsen secondary brain injury in patients with traumatic brain injuries (TBI). Early damage control resuscitation with blood products may mitigate hypotension and coagulopathy. Preliminary data suggest resuscitation with plasma in large animals improve neurologic function after TBI; however, data in humans are lacking. METHODS: We retrospectively identified all poly-trauma patients age >15 years with head injuries undergoing prehospital resuscitation with blood products at a single level I trauma center from 01/2002 to 12/2013...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Geetanjali Arora, Manoranjan Singh, Pragati Jha, Sarthak Tripathy, Chandrasekhar Bal, Anirban Mukherjee, Shamim A Shamim
OBJECTIVE: Easy large-scale production, easy availability, cost-effectiveness, long half-life, and favorable radiation characteristics have made lutetium-177 (Lu) a preferred radionuclide for use in therapy. Lutetium-177-labeled stannous (Lu-Sn) colloid particles were formulated for application in radiosynovectomy, followed by in-vitro and in-vivo characterization. METHODS: Stannous chloride (SnCl2) solution and Lu were heated together, the pH was adjusted, and the particles were recovered by centrifugation...
May 19, 2017: Nuclear Medicine Communications
Liancheng Wang, Zhiqiang Liu, Zhi Li, Yiyun Zhang, Hongjian Li, Xiaoyan Yi, Junxi Wang, Guohong Wang, Jinmin Li
We report here a new approach of Talbot effect based colloidal photolithography for fabricating nanostructure light emitting diodes (LEDs). By employing a rigid metal nanohole array template (RDT) as the diffraction grating and a polysiloxane-based spin on dielectric (SOD) as the thickness-controllable spacer layer, various InGaN/GaN nanostructure LEDs have been fabricated. Three-dimensional finite-difference time-domain (3D-FDTD) simulations have been conducted to verify the proposed approach. Photoluminescence (PL) and time-resolved photoluminescence (TRPL) have been performed to investigate the optical properties of the obtained nanostructure LEDs...
May 24, 2017: Nanoscale
J C Everts, S Samin, N A Elbers, J E S van der Hoeven, A van Blaaderen, R van Roij
We theoretically and experimentally investigate colloid-oil-water-interface interactions of charged, sterically stabilized, poly(methyl-methacrylate) colloidal particles dispersed in a low-polar oil (dielectric constant ε = 5-10) that is in contact with an adjacent water phase. In this model system, the colloidal particles cannot penetrate the oil-water interface due to repulsive van der Waals forces with the interface whereas the multiple salts that are dissolved in the oil are free to partition into the water phase...
May 24, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
S V Kredentser, M M Kulyk, V M Kalita, K Y Slyusarenko, V Yu Reshetnyak, Yu A Reznikov
Here we report a study of chain formation and the magnetic anisotropy induced by them in suspensions of slightly anisotropic Fe3O4 nanoparticles in water and in aqueous V2O5 suspensions. An investigation into the magnetization of the fluid and frozen suspensions, the application of dynamic light scattering techniques and the observation of the magnetic anisotropy in the frozen magnetically aligned samples allowed us to confirm the existence of chains of Fe3O4 in both suspensions. Our study shows that the magneto-induced anisotropy appearing in magnetic fields in colloids with Fe3O4 particles is mainly due to many particle (chain) magneto-induced anisotropy, but not due to single particle magneto-induced anisotropy connected with particle shape anisotropy...
May 24, 2017: Soft Matter
Jing Tu, Guangsheng Du, M Reza Nejadnik, Juha Mönkäre, Koen van der Maaden, Paul H H Bomans, Nico A J M Sommerdijk, Bram Slütter, Wim Jiskoot, Joke A Bouwstra, Alexander Kros
PURPOSE: To develop a new intradermal antigen delivery system by coating microneedle arrays with lipid bilayer-coated, antigen-loaded mesoporous silica nanoparticles (LB-MSN-OVA). METHODS: Synthesis of MSNs with 10-nm pores was performed and the nanoparticles were loaded with the model antigen ovalbumin (OVA), and coated with a lipid bilayer (LB-MSN-OVA). The uptake of LB-MSN-OVA by bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (BDMCs) was studied by flow cytometry. The designed LB-MSN-OVA were coated onto pH-sensitive pyridine-modified microneedle arrays and the delivery of LB-MSN-OVA into ex vivo human skin was studied...
May 23, 2017: Pharmaceutical Research
Amit Wani, Galbokka H Layan Savithra, Ayat Abyad, Shrey Kanvinde, Jing Li, Stephanie Brock, David Oupický
Mesoporous silica nanomaterials show great potential to deliver chemotherapeutics for cancer treatment. The key challenges in the development of injectable mesoporous silica formulations are colloidal instability, hemolysis and inefficient drug loading and release. In this study, we evaluated the effect of PEGylation of mesoporous silica nanorods (MSNR) on hemolysis, colloidal stability, mitoxantrone (MTX) loading, in vitro MTX release, and cellular MTX delivery under hypoxic conditions. We found that PEGylation prevented dose-dependent hemolysis in the concentrations studied (0-10 mg/ml) and improved colloidal stability of MSNR...
May 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
Nazar Ul Islam, Raza Amin, Muhammad Shahid, Muhammad Amin, Sumera Zaib, Jamshed Iqbal
BACKGROUND: Phytotherapeutics exhibit diverse pharmacological effects that are based on the combined action of a mixture of phytoconstituents. In this study, Prunus domestica gum-loaded, stabilized gold and silver nanoparticles (Au/Ag-NPs) were evaluated for their prospective anticancer, antibacterial, urease-inhibition, anti-inflammatory, and analgesic properties. METHODS: Au/Ag-NPs were biosynthesized and characterized with UV-Vis, FTIR, SEM, EDX, and XRD techniques...
May 23, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
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