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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650713/occupational-chemical-exposures-a-collaboration-between-the-georgia-poison-center-and-the-occupational-safety-and-health-administration
#1
Aaron W Tustin, Alison Jones, Gaylord P Lopez, Glenn R Ketcham, Michael J Hodgson
CONTEXT: In the United States, regional poison centers frequently receive calls about toxic workplace exposures. Most poison centers do not share call details routinely with governmental regulatory agencies. Worker health and safety could be enhanced if regulators such as the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) had the ability to investigate these events and prevent similar incidents. With this goal in mind, the Georgia Poison Center (GPC) began referring occupational exposures to OSHA in July 2014...
June 26, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649389/cases-of-acute-mercury-poisoning-by-mercury-vapor-exposure-during-the-demolition-of-a-fluorescent-lamp-factory
#2
Sang Yoon Do, Chul Gab Lee, Jae Yoon Kim, Young Hoon Moon, Min Sung Kim, In Ho Bae, Han Soo Song
BACKGROUND: In 2015, workers dismantling a fluorescent lamp factory in Korea were affected by mercury poisoning from exposure to mercury vapor. CASE PRESENTATION: Eighteen out of the 21 workers who participated in the demolition project presented with symptoms of poisoning and, of these, 10 had persistent symptoms even at 18 months after the initial exposure to mercury vapor. Early symptoms of 18 workers included a general skin rash, pruritus, myalgia, sleep disturbance, and cough and sputum production...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649332/behavioral-evidence-of-hunting-and-foraging-techniques-by-a-top-predator-suggests-the-importance-of-scavenging-for-preadults
#3
Antoni Margalida, MªÀngels Colomer, Roberto Sánchez, Francisco Javier Sánchez, Javier Oria, Luis Mariano González
Scavenging may be a regular feeding behavior for some facultative raptor species occupying low quality habitats and/or with little experience in hunting techniques. However, its importance has been largely underestimated due to methodological limitations in identifying the real proportion in the diet. Here, through direct observations, we assessed the hunting and foraging success of the threatened Spanish imperial eagle Aquila adalberti determining the influence of age, sex, breeding status, habitat quality, prey type, and landscape characteristics...
June 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648727/detection-of-okadaic-acid-oa-using-elisa-and-colloidal-gold-immunoassay-based-on-monoclonal-antibody
#4
Rongzhi Wang, Linmao Zeng, Hang Yang, Yanfang Zhong, Juncheng Wang, Sumei Ling, Abdullah Farhan Saeed, Jun Yuan, Shihua Wang
Okadaic Acid (OA), a small seafood-borne toxin secreted by Dinophysis and Prorocentrum dinoflagellates, is generally distributed in various species of shellfish and has caused diarrhetic shellfish poisoning (DSP). In view of OA toxin threat to humans and animals, it is essential to develop a rapid, accurate and sensitive method for the detection and quantification of OA in real samples. In this study, a monoclonal antibody named 10E8 was screened by cells fusion of Sp2/0 with spleen cells isolated from immunized mouse, and the isotype of McAb 10E8 was belonged to IgG1...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648373/economic-assessment-of-wild-bird-mortality-induced-by-the-use-of-lead-gunshot-in-european-wetlands
#5
Alessandro Andreotti, Vittorio Guberti, Riccardo Nardelli, Simone Pirrello, Lorenzo Serra, Stefano Volponi, Rhys E Green
In European wetlands, at least 40 bird species are exposed to the risk of lead poisoning caused by ingestion of spent lead gunshot. Adopting a methodology developed in North America, we estimated that about 700,000 individuals of 16 waterbird species die annually in the European Union (EU) (6.1% of the wintering population) and one million in whole Europe (7.0%) due to acute effects of lead poisoning. Furthermore, threefold more birds suffer sub-lethal effects. We assessed the economic loss due to this lead-induced mortality of these 16 species by calculating the costs of replacing lethally poisoned wild birds by releasing captive-bred ones...
June 22, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647984/-screening-on-key-techniques-used-for-surveillance-and-disposal-of-public-health-emergencies
#6
Q R Zhu, L Yang, H Y Ma, W Q Xie, L M Cong, L W Xu
Objective: To explore the key techniques used for surveillance and disposal of infectious diseases, food poisoning and hospital infection to improve the ability of surveillance and disposal on public health emergency. Methods: Framework on surveillance and disposal of infectious diseases, food poisoning and hospital infection was set up, based on literature review and expert group discussion. Delphi method and technique for order preference by similarity to ideal solution comprehensive evaluation method were used for ordering preference by similarity, to screen key techniques set for surveillance and disposal of the above said events...
June 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647230/effect-of-barium-sulfate-modification-on-the-so2-tolerance-of-v2o5-tio2-catalyst-for-nh3-scr-reaction
#7
Tengfei Xu, Xiaodong Wu, Xuesong Liu, Li Cao, Qiwei Lin, Duan Weng
Sulfur poisoning of V2O5/BaSO4-TiO2 (VBT), V2O5/WO3-TiO2 (VWT) and V2O5/BaSO4-WO3-TiO2 (VBWT) catalysts was performed in wet air at 350°C for 3hr, and activities for the selective catalytic reduction of NOx with NH3 were evaluated for 200-500°C. The VBT catalyst showed higher NOx conversions after sulfur poisoning than the other two catalysts. The introduction of barium sulfate contributed to strong acid sites for the as-received catalyst, and eliminated the redox cycle of active vanadium oxide to some extent, which resulted in a certain loss of activity...
July 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645601/a-cranial-trauma-was-the-cause-of-death-of-charles-viii-of-france-1470-1498
#8
REVIEW
Konstantinos Markatos, Marianna Karamanou, Konstantina Arkoudi, Apostolia Konstantinidi, Georgios Androutsos
The purpose of this manuscript is to summarize the reign, life and death of Charles VIII of France. Also the authors intend to investigate current views on his cause of death, contradictions and opinions of his biographers. Poisoning, disease and injury are the possible causes of his death but, according to the literature, cranial trauma was the most probable cause of death of the king Charles VIII of France.
June 20, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645183/in-defense-of-bacillus-thuringiensis-the-safest-and-most-successful-microbial-insecticide-available-to-humanity-a-response-to-efsa
#9
Ben Raymond, Brian A Federici
The Bacillus cereus group contains vertebrate pathogens such as Bacillus anthracis and Bacillus cereus and the invertebrate pathogen Bacillus thuringiensis. Microbial biopesticides based on B. thuringiensis (Bt) are widely recognized as being among the safest and least environmentally damaging insecticidal products available. Nevertheless, a recent food poisoning incident prompted a European Food Safety Authority review which argued that B. thuringiensis poses a health risk equivalent to B. cereus, a causative agent of diarrhoea...
June 22, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644767/blood-lead-levels-and-risk-factors-for-lead-exposure-among-pregnant-women-in-western-french-guiana-the-role-of-manioc-consumption
#10
Diane Rimbaud, Marion Restrepo, Anne Louison, Rachida Boukhari, Vanessa Ardillon, Gabriel Carles, Véronique Lambert, Anne Jolivet
Concerns regarding lead (Pb) poisoning in French Guiana first arose in 2011 following the discovery of excessively high levels of the metal amongst children in a small neighborhood without any apparent source of Pb. Since 2012, blood lead level (BLL) measurement has been proposed for all pregnant women in western French Guiana. The aim of this study was to determine BLL in pregnant women in this region and identify factors associated with elevated BLL. An observational study of a consecutive sample of women who delivered in the maternity ward of the hospital was conducted...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644742/new-legal-requirements-for-submission-of-product-information-to-poisons-centres-in-eu-member-states
#11
Ronald de Groot, Pieter Brekelmans, Herbert Desel, Irma de Vries
In the past eight years, the European Association of Poisons Centres and Clinical Toxicologists (EAPCCT) has been intensively involved in a European Commission led process to develop EU legislation on the information of hazardous products that companies have to notify to EU Poisons Centres (or equivalent "appointed bodies"). As a result of this process, the Commission adopted Regulation (EU) No 2017/542, amending the CLP Regulation by adding an Annex on harmonised product submission requirements. Harmonised mixture information requirements: Detailed and consistent information on the composition of the hazardous product will become available to EU Poisons Centres (PC)...
June 23, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644688/intraosseous-administration-of-antidotes-a-systematic-review
#12
Audrée Elliott, Pierre-André Dubé, Amélie Cossette-Côté, Laura Patakfalvi, Eric Villeneuve, Martin Morris, Sophie Gosselin
CONTEXT: Intraosseous (IO) access is an established route of administration in resuscitation situations. Patients with serious poisoning presenting to the emergency department may require urgent antidote therapy. However, intravenous (IV) access is not always readily available. OBJECTIVE: This study reviews the current evidence for IO administration of antidotes that could be used in poisoning. The primary outcome was mortality as a surrogate of efficacy. Secondary outcomes included hemodynamic variables, electrocardiographic variables, neurological status, pharmacokinetics outcomes, and adverse effects as defined by each article...
June 23, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644687/massive-paracetamol-overdose-an-observational-study-of-the-effect-of-activated-charcoal-and-increased-acetylcysteine-dose-atom-2
#13
Angela L Chiew, Geoffrey K Isbister, Katharine A Kirby, Colin B Page, Betty S H Chan, Nicholas A Buckley
CONTEXT: Paracetamol is commonly taken in overdose, with increasing concerns that those taking "massive" overdoses have higher rates of hepatotoxicity and may require higher doses of acetylcysteine. The objective was to describe the clinical characteristics and outcomes of "massive" (≥ 40 g) paracetamol overdoses. METHODS: Patients were identified through the Australian Paracetamol Project, a prospective observational study through Poisons Information Centres in NSW and Queensland, over 3 and 1...
June 23, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644683/use-of-percutaneous-left-ventricular-assist-device-impella-in-vasodilatory-poison-induced-shock
#14
JoAn R Laes, Chad Olinger, Jon B Cole
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644682/management-of-severe-bupropion-poisoning-with-intravenous-lipid-emulsion
#15
Neeraj Chhabra, Carol DesLauriers, Michael Wahl, Sean M Bryant
BACKGROUND: Bupropion toxicity is characterized by central nervous system and cardiovascular toxicity. Intravenous lipid emulsion (ILE) has been suggested as a treatment by some for the treatment of refractory bupropion toxicity. This recommendation is based largely on published case reports and cases presented at scientific meetings. The objective of this study is to characterize the outcomes of patients with suspected bupropion toxicity in which ILE was administered and the indications for its use...
June 23, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644049/the-standard-treatment-protocol-for-paracetamol-poisoning-may-be-inadequate-following-overdose-with-modified-release-formulation-a-pharmacokinetic-and-clinical-analysis-of-53-cases
#16
Heléne Salmonson, Gunilla Sjöberg, Jacob Brogren
OBJECTIVE: The use of the standard procedure for managing overdoses with immediate release (IR) paracetamol is questionable when applied to overdoses with modified release (MR) formulations. This study describes the pharmacokinetics of paracetamol and the clinical outcomes following overdoses with a MR formulation. METHODS: Medical records including laboratory analyses concerning overdoses of MR paracetamol from 2009 to 2015 were collected retrospectively. Inclusion criteria were ingestion of a toxic dose, known time of intake and documented measurements of serum paracetamol and liver function tests...
June 23, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643849/prevalence-of-exposure-of-heavy-metals-and-their-impact-on-health-consequences
#17
Kanwal Rehman, Fiza Fatima, Iqra Waheed, Muhammad Sajid Hamid Akash
Even in the current era of growing technology, the concentration of heavy metals present in drinking water is still not within the recommended limits as set by the regulatory authorities in different countries of the world. Drinking water contaminated with heavy metals namely; arsenic, cadmium, nickel, chromium, mercury, chromium, zinc and lead is becoming a major health concern for public and health care professionals. Occupational exposure to heavy metals is known to occur by the utilization of these metals in various industrial processes and/or contents including color pigments and alloys...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643616/advanced-neuroimaging-of-carbon-monoxide-poisoning
#18
Marco Varrassi, Alessandra Di Sibio, Camilla Gianneramo, Marco Perri, Giorgia Saltelli, Alessandra Splendiani, Carlo Masciocchi
Carbon monoxide (CO) inhalation is nowadays the most common cause of fatal poisoning worldwide. CO binds to haemoglobin 230-270 times more avidly than oxygen, thus leading to formation of carboxyhaemoglobin with subsequent reduction of tissue oxygenation. Brain is mainly affected due to its high oxygen requirement. Up to two-thirds of patients who survive the acute phase of this pathology present a delayed leukoencephalopathy, usually in a period ranging from two to 40 days. White matter damage closely relates to long-term prognosis of these patients...
January 1, 2017: Neuroradiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642413/one-person-s-meat-is-another-s-poison
#19
EDITORIAL
Caroline Ash
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641724/methemoglobinemia-caused-by-indoxacarb-poisoning
#20
Chin-Kai Yen, I-Ting Ku, Chien-Ming Chao, Chih-Cheng Lai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
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