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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236242/study-of-different-environmental-matrices-to-access-the-extension-of-metal-contamination-along-highways
#1
Sônia Zanello, Vander Freitas Melo, Noemi Nagata
Metals are indicators of contamination by anthropic activities, such as road traffic. To assess the extent of the metal contamination, more comprehensive studies analyzing different environmental matrices, such as soils, dust, and plants, collected in different sites that are potential sources of these pollutants along the highways, must be prioritized. Samples of soils, dust, and plants were collected alongside the highways of Brazil at 20 sites selected in strategic locations of metal accumulation (Cr, Pb, Zn, As, and Sb) or different situations of the high ways during two rain conditions (wet and dry weeks of sampling): nearby gutters and water supplies, tolls, petrol stations, a federal road police station, and areas associated with agriculture (yearly culture planting upstream of the highway)...
December 13, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227882/kalaban-young-drug-users-engagements-with-law-enforcement-in-the-philippines
#2
Gideon Lasco
BACKGROUND: A violent 'war on drugs' continues to be waged in the Philippines, even as the use of drugs - particular methamphetamine - continues to rise. Furnishing contextual background to the current situation, this paper explores how long-running law enforcement approaches in the Philippines might be viewed by those in their receiving end by presenting findings of an ethnography among marginalized young men. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews and focus group discussions were conducted among 20 young men throughout a 12-month period of participant-observation from December 2011 to September 2013...
December 8, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227361/association-between-blood-pressure-and-retinal-vessel-diameters-among-police-officers-in-the-us-northeast
#3
Ja K Gu, Luenda E Charles, Ronald Klein, Lisa M Grady, Claudia C Ma, Penelope Baughman, John M Violanti, Michael E Andrew
OBJECTIVE: To examine relationships of blood pressure with central retinal arteriolar equivalent (CRAE) and central retinal venular equivalent (CRVE) among 242 police officers. METHODS: Computerized retinal images of each eye were taken. Mean values of CRAE and CRVE were compared across hypertension status categories using ANOVA and ANCOVA. Associations of mean arterial blood pressure (MABP) with CRAE and CRVE were obtained using regression models. RESULTS: CRAE were significantly narrower in officers with uncontrolled hypertension (142...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227295/an-unusual-presentation-of-pituitary-gland-apoplexy-with-noninfectious-meningitis
#4
Margaret LaPorte, Jenna Pollock, Michael Ward, James Fulcher
Pituitary adenomas make up 10% of intracranial tumors, but because of their location, they may go undetected for long periods. In this article, we report the case of a 68-year-old white man found deceased in his residence, who died of acute pituitary tumor apoplexy. He was known to have severe symptoms including acute headache, vision loss, and altered behavior. When found, his home was in extreme disarray, mimicking a possible assault. At autopsy, the decedent had multiple superficial abrasions about the upper and lower extremities, as well as a 2...
December 7, 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226458/communicating-risk-in-dementia-care-survey-of-health-and-social-care-professionals
#5
Brian J Taylor, Mabel Stevenson, Michelle McDowell
Supporting people to live at home in line with community care policies requires increasing attention to assessing, communicating and managing risks. There is a challenge in supporting client choices that include risk-taking while demonstrating professional accountability. Risk communication becomes increasingly important with the need to engage clients and families in meaningful shared decision-making. This presents particular challenges in dementia services. This survey of risk communication in dementia care was administered to all health and social care professionals in community dementia services in Northern Ireland: June-September 2016...
December 11, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224844/social-management-of-laboratory-rhesus-macaques-housed-in-large-groups-using-a-network-approach-a-review
#6
Brenda McCowan, Brianne Beisner, Darcy Hannibal
Biomedical facilities across the nation and worldwide aim to develop cost-effective methods for the reproductive management of macaque breeding groups, typically by housing macaques in large, multi-male multi-female social groups that provide monkey subjects for research as well as appropriate socialization for their psychological well-being. One of the most difficult problems in managing socially housed macaques is their propensity for deleterious aggression. From a management perspective, deleterious aggression (as opposed to less intense aggression that serves to regulate social relationships) is undoubtedly the most problematic behavior observed in group-housed macaques, which can readily escalate to the degree that it causes social instability, increases serious physical trauma leading to group dissolution, and reduces psychological well-being...
December 7, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224386/sexual-homicides-in-china-exploring-the-offender-victim-and-offense-characteristics
#7
Heng Choon Oliver Chan, Feng Li, Sihai Liu, Xuesong Lu, Haipeng Jia
Nearly all information available on sexual homicides are limited to studies conducted in the West. Little is known about sexual homicides that occurred in China. The current study is arguably the first to explore the offender, victim, and offense characteristics of Chinese sexual homicides. Over a period of 23 years (1994 to 2016), the data of 59 cases collected from two data sources (i.e., published Chinese case reports and police data) are examined. Findings indicate that heterosexual assaults are far more prevalent in Chinese sexual homicides...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224237/major-haemorrhage-fatalities-in-the-australian-national-coronial-database
#8
Jacob S Gipson, Erica M Wood, Merrole F Cole-Sinclair, Zoe McQuilten, Neil Waters, Noel W Woodford
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to describe the epidemiology of major bleeding fatalities. METHODS: A case series analysis of Australia's National Coronial Information System was conducted. Keywords were used to search for closed cases of major haemorrhage in the state of Victoria for the period 1 January 2009 to 31 December 2011. Coroners' findings, autopsy reports and police reports of cases were reviewed. Demographic data were extracted, and cases were assigned to a clinical bleeding context...
December 10, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223562/can-adolescent-drivers-motor-vehicle-crash-risk-be-reduced-by-pre-licensure-intervention
#9
Jessica H Mirman, Allison E Curry, Michael R Elliott, Leann Long, Melissa R Pfeiffer
PURPOSE: Although motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death for adolescents, there is a scarcity of research addressing adolescents' lack of pre-licensure practical driving experience, which is theorized to increase their post-licensure crash risk. METHODS: Utilizing police-reported crashes and survey data from a randomized and quasi-randomized trial (n = 458 adolescents, 16 or 17 years of age at enrollment), the impact of a parent-directed supervised practice driving intervention and a comprehensive on-road driving assessment (ODA) with feedback was evaluated on adolescent drivers' motor vehicle crashes involvement...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222031/evaluation-of-the-effect-of-mesotherapy-in-the-management-of-back-pain-in-police-working-dog
#10
João Ca Alves, Ana Mmp Dos Santos, Ângelo Dp Fernandes
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of mesotherapy in dogs compared with a positive control group. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental, randomized, blinded study. ANIMALS: Fifteen working police dogs with chronic back pain. METHODS: Animals were divided randomly into control (CG; n = 5) and treatment groups (TG; n = 10). A combination of 140 mg lidocaine, 15 mg dexamethasone and 20 mg thiocolchicoside was administered to group TG along with a 70-day course of a placebo, administered as if it was carprofen...
August 19, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217847/black-lives-matter-a-call-to-action-for-counseling-psychology-leaders
#11
Candice Crowell, Della Mosley, Jameca Falconer, Reuben Faloughi, Anneliese Singh, Danelle Stevens-Watkins, Kevin Cokley
Police brutality and widespread systemic racism represent historical and current sources of trauma in Black communities. Both the Black Lives Matter movement and counseling psychology propose to confront these realities at multiple levels. Black Lives Matter seeks to increase awareness about systemic racism and promote resilience among Black people. Counseling psychology states values of multiculturalism, social justice, and advocacy. Executive leadership in counseling psychology may seek to promote racial justice, yet struggle with how to participate in Black Lives Matter movements and address racial discrimination within larger systems spontaneously and consistently...
August 2017: Counseling Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216969/legal-issues-for-transgender-people-a-review-of-persistent-threats
#12
Jamison Green
Background The legal status of transgender (trans) people is in constant flux. Over the past 70 years, gradually increasing transgender visibility, national and global advocacy, and, more recently, widespread Internet access, communication, and broadening support from allies, have all contributed to successful campaigns that have improved transgender lives and legitimised transgender. Still, traumatic interactions with the legal system or policing agencies remain plentiful. This is a very general overview of the most common legal issues confronting trans people...
October 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215825/ems-vs-police-transport-should-we-allow-police-officers-to-transport-trauma-patients
#13
Keith Wesley, Karen Wesley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: JEMS: a Journal of Emergency Medical Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215381/has-the-licensing-act-2003-affected-violence-rates-in-england-and-wales-a-systematic-review-of-hospital-and-police-studies
#14
Caitríona M Callan, Adrian A Boyle
Violence has been declining in the UK for two decades, with most assaults being alcohol related. The Licensing Act 2003 (England and Wales) aimed to reduce alcohol-related crime, giving local authorities control over premises licensing. We performed a systematic review of original research with the primary outcome of change in violence rates since the Act's implementation, including hospital-defined and police-defined measures of violence. Our secondary outcome was temporal distribution of violence. Fifteen studies were included, which were of overall poor quality...
December 5, 2017: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211735/-lowering-the-threshold-of-effective-deterrence-testing-the-effect-of-private-security-agents-in-public-spaces-on-crime-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-a-mass-transit-system
#15
Barak Ariel, Matthew Bland, Alex Sutherland
Supplementing local police forces is a burgeoning multibillion-dollar private security industry. Millions of formal surveillance agents in public settings are tasked to act as preventative guardians, as their high visibility presence is hypothesized to create a deterrent threat to potential offenders. Yet, rigorous evidence is lacking. We randomly assigned all train stations in the South West of England that experienced crime into treatment and controls conditions over a six-month period. Treatment consisted of directed patrol by uniformed, unarmed security agents...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211633/prevalence-and-patterns-of-victimization-and-polyvictimization-among-female-sex-workers-in-soweto-a-south-african-township-a-cross-sectional-respondent-driven-sampling-study
#16
J Coetzee, G E Gray, R Jewkes
BACKGROUND: Female sex workers (FSWs) are disproportionately affected by violence from multiple partner categories. This increases their vulnerability to HIV. OBJECTIVES: To describe patterns of violence and polyvictimization among female SWs in Soweto. METHODS: A respondent-driven sampling (RDS) recruitment methodology was used to enrol 508 Soweto-based FSWs using a survey instrument. Raw and RDS adjusted data were descriptively analysed, Spearman's correlation and chi2 test of association were used to show associations...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211499/prevalence-of-alcohol-impairment-and-odds-of-a-driver-injury-or-fatality-in-on-road-farm-equipment-crashes
#17
Karisa K Harland, Ronald Bedford, Hongqian Wu, Marizen Ramirez
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of alcohol impairment in crashes involving farm equipment on public roadways and the effect of alcohol impairment on the odds of crash injury or fatality. METHODS: On-road farm equipment crashes were collected from four Great Plains state Departments of Transportation during 2005-2010. Alcohol impairment was defined as an involved driver having blood alcohol content of ≥0.08 g/100 ml or a finding of alcohol-impaired as a driver contributing circumstance recorded on the police crash report...
December 6, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210547/police-transports-mci-plans-should-consider-alternatives-to-ems-transport
#18
Stephen R Wirth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: JEMS: a Journal of Emergency Medical Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207741/prevalence-of-chronic-morbidity-and-sociodemographic-profile-of-police-personnel-a-study-from-gujarat
#19
Kishankumar Maheshkumar Bhatia, Niraj Pandit
Introduction: The police personnel are special group of population that work for minimum 12 hours a day. They are at risk of various types of chronic morbidities. Aim: To determine the sociodemographic, chronic morbidity and health profile of police personnel of Vadodara district. Materials and Methods: It was a cross-sectional study conducted on the police force of Vadodara district, Gujarat, India. The present study was the outcome of health checkup camp for police personnel...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205471/gender-and-mental-health-an-examination-of-procedural-justice-in-a-specialized-court-context
#20
Logan J Somers, Kristy Holtfreter
The procedural justice framework has been applied in the criminal justice contexts of policing, corrections, and courts. According to this perspective, fair treatment, respectful dialogue and being given a proper voice will contribute to citizens' positive views of authority figures. While this literature has grown immensely, several questions remain unanswered. Do males and females perceive similar levels of procedural justice? Does mental health status influence perceptions of fair treatment? Whether procedural justice is a general perspective that can be applied across social groupings has important implications for correctional treatment in that programs that truly "work" for all are more cost-effective...
December 5, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
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