keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

tDCS and weight

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738575/adoptive-transfer-of-dendritic-cells-expressing-cd11c-reduces-the-immunological-response-associated-with-experimental-colitis-in-balb-c-mice
#1
Lisiery N Paiatto, Fernanda G D Silva, Áureo T Yamada, Wirla M S C Tamashiro, Patricia U Simioni
INTRODUCTION: In addition to conventional therapies, several new strategies have been proposed for modulating autoimmune diseases, including the adoptive transfer of immunological cells. In this context, dendritic cells (DCs) appear to be one of the most promising treatments for autoimmune disorders. The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of adoptive transfer of DCs obtained from both naïve and ovalbumin (OVA)-tolerant mice on the severity of TNBS induced colitis and analyze the eventual protective mechanisms...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518567/automatic-skull-segmentation-from-mr-images-for-realistic-volume-conductor-models-of-the-head-assessment-of-the-state-of-the-art
#2
Jesper D Nielsen, Kristoffer H Madsen, Oula Puonti, Hartwig R Siebner, Christian Bauer, Camilla Gøbel Madsen, Guilherme B Saturnino, Axel Thielscher
Anatomically realistic volume conductor models of the human head are important for accurate forward modeling of the electric field during transcranial brain stimulation (TBS), electro- (EEG) and magnetoencephalography (MEG). In particular, the skull compartment exerts a strong influence on the field distribution due to its low conductivity, suggesting the need to represent its geometry accurately. However, automatic skull reconstruction from structural magnetic resonance (MR) images is difficult, as compact bone has a very low signal in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
July 1, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499493/non-invasive-brain-stimulation-to-investigate-language-production-in-healthy-speakers-a-meta-analysis
#3
Jana Klaus, Dennis J L G Schutter
Non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) has become a common method to study the interrelations between the brain and language functioning. This meta-analysis examined the efficacy of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and direct current stimulation (tDCS) in the study of language production in healthy volunteers. Forty-five effect sizes from 30 studies which investigated the effects of NIBS on picture naming or verbal fluency in healthy participants were meta-analysed. Further sub-analyses investigated potential influences of stimulation type, control, target site, task, online vs...
June 2018: Brain and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471017/moderate-effects-of-noninvasive-brain-stimulation-of-the-frontal-cortex-for-improving-negative-symptoms-in-schizophrenia-meta-analysis-of-controlled-trials
#4
REVIEW
André Aleman, Stefanie Enriquez-Geppert, Henderikus Knegtering, Jozarni J Dlabac-de Lange
BACKGROUND: Negative symptoms in schizophrenia concern a clinically relevant reduction of goal-directed behavior that strongly and negatively impacts daily functioning. Existing treatments are of marginal effect and novel approaches are needed. Noninvasive neurostimulation by means of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) are novel approaches that may hold promise. OBJECTIVES: To provide a quantitative integration of the published evidence regarding effects of rTMS and tDCS over the frontal cortex on negative symptoms, including an analysis of effects of sham stimulation...
June 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432784/cognitive-and-neuromodulation-strategies-for-unhealthy-eating-and-obesity-systematic-review-and-discussion-of-neurocognitive-mechanisms
#5
REVIEW
Laura Forcano, Fernanda Mata, Rafael de la Torre, Antonio Verdejo-Garcia
We systematically reviewed research on cognitive training and neuromodulation interventions for reducing food craving/intake, unhealthy diet and weight, and discussed their mechanisms of action. We reviewed 50 studies involving six cognitive trainings: Approach and Attentional Bias Modification, Implementation Intentions, Response Inhibition, Episodic Future Thinking and Working Memory; and four neuromodulation approaches: Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS), transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS), Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) and Neurofeedback...
April 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384550/combined-brain-fe-cu-zn-and-neurometabolite-analysis-a-new-methodology-for-unraveling-the-efficacy-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-tdcs-in-appetite-control
#6
Agata Ziomber, Artur Dawid Surowka, Lucyna Antkiewicz-Michaluk, Irena Romanska, Pawel Wrobel, Magdalena Szczerbowska-Boruchowska
Obesity is a chronic, multifactorial origin disease that has recently become one of the most frequent lifestyle disorders. Unfortunately, current obesity treatments seem to be ineffective. At present, transcranial direct current brain stimulation (tDCS) represents a promising novel treatment methodology that seems to be efficient, well-tolerated and safe for a patient. Unfortunately, the biochemical action of tDCS remains unknown, which prevents its widespread use in the clinical arena, although neurobiochemical changes in brain signaling and metal metabolism are frequently reported...
March 1, 2018: Metallomics: Integrated Biometal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329154/effects-on-volume-load-and-ratings-of-perceived-exertion-in-individuals-advanced-weight-training-after-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation
#7
Eduardo Lattari, Blair José Rosa Filho, Sidnei Jorge Fonseca Junior, Eric Murillo-Rodriguez, Nuno Rocha, Sérgio Machado, Geraldo Albuquerque Maranhão Neto
The aim of this study was investigate the effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on volume-load and ratings of perceived exertion. Fifteen young healthy individuals, aged between 20 and 30 years in advanced strength training were recruited. Test and retest of the 10 maximum repetitions (10RM) were performed to determine the reliability of load utilized. Subjects performed three experimental conditions in a randomized, double-blinded crossover design: anodic stimulation (a-tDCS), cathodic stimulation (c-tDCS) and sham (2 mA for 20 minutes targeting the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex cortex left)...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308739/neurostimulation-in-clinical-and-sub-clinical-eating-disorders-a-systematic-update-of-the-literature
#8
Bethan Dalton, Savani Bartholdy, Iain C Campbell, Ulrike Schmidt
INTRODUCTION: Whilst psychological therapies are the main approach to treatment of eating disorders (EDs), advances in aetiological research suggest the need for the development of more targeted, brain-focused treatments. A range of neurostimulation approaches, most prominently repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and deep brain stimulation (DBS), are rapidly emerging as potential novel interventions. We have previously reviewed these techniques as potential treatments of EDs...
January 7, 2018: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217996/switching-between-multiple-codes-of-snarc-like-associations-two-conceptual-replication-attempts-with-anodal-tdcs-in-sham-controlled-cross-over-design
#9
Philipp A Schroeder, Hans-Christoph Nuerk, Christian Plewnia
In societies with left-to-right reading direction, left-side vs. right-side behavioral decisions are faster for relatively small vs. large number magnitudes, and vice versa, a phenomenon termed Spatial-Numerical Associations of Response Codes (SNARC) effect. But also for non-numerical sequential items, SNARC-like effects were observed, suggesting a common neurocognitive mechanism based on the ordinal structures of both numbers and sequences. Modulation of prefrontal networks that are involved in providing spatial associations during cognitive behavior can contribute to elaborate their neuropsychological theoretical foundations...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107706/effects-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-over-the-supplementary-motor-area-body-weight-supported-treadmill-gait-training-in-hemiparetic-patients-after-stroke
#10
Atsushi Manji, Kazu Amimoto, Tadamitsu Matsuda, Yoshiaki Wada, Akira Inaba, Sangkyun Ko
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is used in a variety of disorders after stroke including upper limb motor dysfunctions, hemispatial neglect, aphasia, and apraxia, and its effectiveness has been demonstrated. Although gait ability is important for daily living, there were few reports of the use of tDCS to improve balance and gait ability. The supplementary motor area (SMA) was reported to play a potentially important role in balance recovery after stroke. We aimed to investigate the effect of combined therapy body weight-supported treadmill training (BWSTT) and tDCS on gait function recovery of stroke patients...
January 1, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046305/neuromodulation-directed-at-the-prefrontal-cortex-of-subjects-with-obesity-reduces-snack-food-intake-and-hunger-in-a-randomized-trial
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sascha Heinitz, Martin Reinhardt, Paolo Piaggi, Christopher M Weise, Enrique Diaz, Emma J Stinson, Colleen Venti, Susanne B Votruba, Eric M Wassermann, Miguel Alonso-Alonso, Jonathan Krakoff, Marci E Gluck
Background: Obesity is associated with reduced activation in the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC), a region of the brain that plays a key role in the support of self-regulatory aspects of eating behavior and inhibitory control. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a noninvasive technique used to modulate brain activity. Objectives: We tested whether repeated anodal tDCS targeted at the left DLPFC (compared with sham tDCS) has an immediate effect on eating behavior during ad libitum food intake, resulting in weight change, and whether it might influence longer-term food intake-related appetite ratings in individuals with obesity...
December 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770112/anodal-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-provokes-neuroplasticity-in-repetitive-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-in-rats
#12
Ho Jeong Kim, Soo Jeong Han
Repetitive mild traumatic brain injury (rmTBI) provokes behavioral and cognitive changes. But the study about electrophysiologic findings and managements of rmTBI is limited. In this study, we investigate the effects of anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on rmTBI. Thirty-one Sprague Dawley rats were divided into the following groups: sham, rmTBI, and rmTBI treated by tDCS. Animals received closed head mTBI three consecutive times a day. Anodal tDCS was applied to the left motor cortex. We evaluated the motor-evoked potential (MEP) and the somatosensory-evoked potential (SEP)...
2017: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767360/software-toolbox-for-low-frequency-conductivity-and-current-density-imaging-using-mri
#13
Saurav Z K Sajib, Nitish Katoch, Hyung Joong Kim, Oh In Kwon, Eung Je Woo
OBJECTIVE: Low-frequency conductivity and current density imaging using MRI includes magnetic resonance electrical impedance tomography (MREIT), diffusion tensor MREIT (DT-MREIT), conductivity tensor imaging (CTI), and magnetic resonance current density imaging (MRCDI). MRCDI and MREIT provide current density and isotropic conductivity images, respectively, using current-injection phase MRI techniques. DT-MREIT produces anisotropic conductivity tensor images by incorporating diffusion weighted MRI into MREIT...
November 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716588/cathodal-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-of-the-extrastriate-visual-cortex-modulates-implicit-anti-fat-bias-in-male-but-not-female-participants
#14
Valentina Cazzato, Stergios Makris, Cosimo Urgesi
Explicit negative attitudes toward obese individuals are well documented and seem to modulate the activity of perceptual areas, such as the Extrastriate Body Area (EBA) in the lateral occipito-temporal cortex, which is critical for body-shape perception. Nevertheless, it is still unclear whether EBA serves a role in implicit weight-stereotypical bias, thus reflecting stereotypical trait attribution on the basis of perceptual cues. Here, we used an Implicit Association Test (IAT) to investigate whether applying transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) over bilateral extrastriate visual cortex reduces pre-existing implicit weight stereotypical associations (i...
July 14, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663570/brain-stimulation-in-obesity
#15
REVIEW
C H Göbel, V M Tronnier, T F Münte
Obesity is taking up epidemic proportions worldwide with significant impacts on the health of both the affected individual and on society as a whole. Treatment approaches consist of behavioural and pharmacological approaches, however, these are often found to be ineffective. In severe obesity, bariatric surgery is frequently performed. Unfortunately, 40% of patients show substantial weight gain over the long term or display the associated metabolic syndrome, making the development of novel therapies necessary...
December 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457836/imaging-of-current-flow-in-the-human-head-during-transcranial-electrical-therapy
#16
A K Kasinadhuni, A Indahlastari, M Chauhan, Michael Schär, T H Mareci, R J Sadleir
BACKGROUND: It has been assumed that effects caused by tDCS or tACS neuromodulation are due to electric current flow within brain structures. However, to date, direct current density distributions in the brains of human subjects have not been measured. Instead computational models of tDCS or tACS have been used to predict electric current and field distributions for dosimetry and mechanism analysis purposes. OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: We present the first in vivo images of electric current density distributions within the brain in four subjects undergoing transcranial electrical stimulation...
July 2017: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396289/food-craving-food-choice-and-consumption-the-role-of-impulsivity-and-sham-controlled-tdcs-stimulation-of-the-right-dlpfc
#17
Claudio Georgii, Philipp Goldhofer, Adrian Meule, Anna Richard, Jens Blechert
BACKGROUND: Impulsivity has been found to be associated with overeating and obesity. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) may enhance inhibitory control while reducing food craving and intake. Thus, the aim of the present study was to investigate whether tDCS stimulation modifies food choice, craving and consumption as a function of trait impulsivity. METHODS: Forty-two predominantly healthy-weight women received active tDCS stimulation to the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and sham stimulation in a within participant design...
August 1, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389339/modulating-the-activity-of-the-dorsolateral-prefrontal-cortex-by-tdcs-alters-distributive-decisions-behind-the-veil-of-ignorance-via-risk-preference
#18
Jun Luo, Hang Ye, Haoli Zheng, Shu Chen, Daqiang Huang
Distributive justice concerns how individuals and societies distribute income in a just or equal manner. Previous studies from behavioural experiments have revealed that participants' distributive decisions vary according to the contexts of income distribution. Despite the long history of work on distributive behaviour, however, its psychological and neural underpinnings remain poorly understood. There many debates on whether and how the "weights" that are assigned to the individual payoffs (self-interest or risk aversion) and the payoff distribution of the others (social preference or fairness) in participants' objective functions, especially behind the veil of ignorance...
June 15, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288802/non-invasive-brain-stimulation-for-food-cravings-consumption-and-disorders-of-eating-a-review-of-methods-findings-and-controversies
#19
REVIEW
Peter A Hall, Corita M Vincent, Amer M Burhan
OBJECTIVE: To describe the state of the human research literature pertaining to the use of non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) procedures for modulating food cravings, food consumption, and treating disorders of eating (i.e., obesity, bulimia nervosa, and anorexia nervosa). METHODS: A narrative review of methods, empirical findings, and current areas of controversy. Both single-session experimental and multi-session therapeutic modalities are considered, separately for repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) technologies...
May 1, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094034/dynamical-representation-of-dominance-relationships-in-the-human-rostromedial-prefrontal-cortex
#20
Romain Ligneul, Ignacio Obeso, Christian C Ruff, Jean-Claude Dreher
Humans and other primates have evolved the ability to represent their status in the group's social hierarchy, which is essential for avoiding harm and accessing resources. Yet it remains unclear how the human brain learns dominance status and adjusts behavior accordingly during dynamic social interactions. Here we address this issue with a combination of fMRI and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS). In a first fMRI experiment, participants learned an implicit dominance hierarchy while playing a competitive game against three opponents of different skills...
December 5, 2016: Current Biology: CB
keyword
keyword
35902
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"