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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439843/development-and-reliability-of-the-rating-of-compensatory-movements-in-upper-limb-prosthesis-wearers-during-work-related-tasks
#1
Tallie M J van der Laan, Sietke G Postema, Michiel F Reneman, Raoul M Bongers, Corry K van der Sluis
STUDY DESIGN: Reliability study. INTRODUCTION: Quantifying compensatory movements during work-related tasks may help to prevent musculoskeletal complaints in individuals with upper limb absence. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: (1) To develop a qualitative scoring system for rating compensatory shoulder and trunk movements in upper limb prosthesis wearers during the performance of functional capacity evaluation tests adjusted for use by 1-handed individuals (functional capacity evaluation-one handed [FCE-OH]); (2) to examine the interrater and intrarater reliability of the scoring system; and (3) to assess its feasibility...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428696/an-actionable-test-using-loss-of-heterozygosity-in-identifying-high-risk-oral-premalignant-lesions
#2
Kelly Y P Liu, X J David Lu, Yi-Shing L Cheng, Hagen Klieb, Samson Ng, Kelly McNeil, Aly Karsan, Catherine F Poh
OBJECTIVES: To develop an actionable test using fluorescence capillary electrophoresis (FCE) to assess loss of heterozygosity (LOH) of histologically similar low-grade lesions (LGLs) to identify high-risk lesions for oral cancer progression. STUDY DESIGN: To determine the cutoffs of LOH, the FCE results of 52 surgical margin samples were used to compare with the existing LOH results from the previously validated 32 P-GE approach. Using the developed FCE workflow, an independent set of 102 LGLs with known progression status was used to determine the LOH molecular risk (MR) patterns and associated risk of progression...
December 18, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428319/characterization-and-functional-correlation-of-multiple-imaging-modalities-with-focal-choroidal-excavation
#3
Yun-Chen Chen, Yu-Bai Chou, Cheng-Kuan Lin, Chia-Chen Tsai, Tsui-Kang Hsu, Yu-Fan Chang, Hsiao-Ming Chao, Tao-Hsin Tung, Shih-Jen Chen, Jorn-Hon Liu
BACKGROUND: To investigate the clinical manifestations and imaging features of near-infrared autofluorescence (NIA), infrared reflectance (IR), fundus autofluorescence (FAF), indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) and fluorescein angiography (FAG) in the detection of patients with focal choroidal excavation (FCE) identified by cross-sectional spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional study included 12 eyes of 10 Taiwanese patients with FCE diagnosed by SD-OCT...
February 7, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401178/decision-making-data-expectations-for-reproducibility-of-lifting-on-separate-days
#4
Marcie C Swift, Robert Townsend, Douglas W Edwards, Janice K Loudon
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the difference in maximal lifting capability between 2 modes of lifting (traditional crate and XRTS Lever Arm) over multiple days. The differences in absolute strength values were compared with existing criteria for sincere effort during distraction-based lifting. In addition, rate of perceived exertion (RPE) is presented for the 2 modes of lifting on each day. PRIMARY PRACTICE SETTING: Workers' compensation. METHODOLOGY AND SAMPLE: Forty-four subjects between the ages of 20 and 44 years participated in this study...
February 2, 2018: Professional Case Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385665/improving-the-microbial-safety-of-fresh-cut-endive-with-a-combined-treatment-of-cinnamon-leaf-oil-emulsion-containing-cationic-surfactants-and-ultrasound
#5
Jun-Beom Park, Ji-Hoon Kang, Kyung Bin Song
Endive is widely consumed in a fresh-cut form due to its rich nutritional content. However, fresh-cut vegetables are susceptible to contamination by pathogenic bacteria. This study investigated the antibacterial activities of the combined treatment of cinnamon leaf oil emulsion containing cetylpyridinium chloride or benzalkonium chloride (CLC and CLB, respectively) as a cationic surfactant and ultrasound (US) against Listeria monocytogenes and Escherichia coli O157:H7 on endive. The combined treatment of CLC or CLB with US reduced the population of L...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355128/the-effect-of-load-on-biomechanics-of-the-back-and-upper-limb-in-a-bench-to-shoulder-lift-during-the-workhab-functional-capacity-evaluation
#6
Nathanael West, Suzanne J Snodgrass, Carole James
BACKGROUND: Limited literature exists investigating biomechanical changes during a Functional Capacity Evaluation (FCE). OBJECTIVE: To determine change in joint angle measurement between minimum load to safe maximum load in the bench to shoulder lift of the WorkHab FCE. METHODS: Dartfish ProSuite was used to analyse bench to shoulder lift video from 28 subjects. Measurements of joint angle at lumbar spine, thoracic spine, elbow and shoulder at four points in the ascending and descending lift phases (0/3, 1/3, 2/3, 3/3) in the minimum load and safe maximum lift were collected...
January 18, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224365/evaluation-of-genotoxic-and-modulatory-effects-of-nyctanthes-arbor-tristis-calyx-extract-and-the-isolated-crocin-in-ames-assay
#7
Neha Pawar, Shital Panchal, Dhananjay Kawle, Chhaya Gadgoli, Girish Maru
Flowers of the plant Nyctanthes arbor-tristis (NAT) are widely used in the traditional medicinal systems of several Asian countries. In the present study, potential genotoxicity and modulatory effects of ethanolic extract of NAT flower calyx (NAT FCE) and crocin, a carotenoid principle were evaluated employing standard Salmonella assay. Experiments evaluating the genotoxic potential of NAT FCE and crocin, with and without the S9-activation in TA 98, TA 100 and TA 102 showed a lack of increase in revertant mutants...
December 11, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209087/quantitative-trait-loci-mapping-for-feed-conversion-efficiency-in-crucian-carp-carassius-auratus
#8
Meixia Pang, Beide Fu, Xiaomu Yu, Haiyang Liu, Xinhua Wang, Zhan Yin, Shouqi Xie, Jingou Tong
QTL is a chromosomal region including single gene or gene clusters that determine a quantitative trait. While feed efficiency is highly important in aquaculture fish, little genetic and genomic progresses have been made for this trait. In this study, we constructed a high-resolution genetic linkage map in a full-sib F1 family of crucian carp (Carassius auratus) consisting of 113 progenies with 8,460 SNP markers assigning onto 50 linkage groups (LGs). This genetic map spanned 4,047.824 cM (0.478 cM/marker) and covered 98...
December 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201211/effects-of-freshwater-clam-extract-on-fracture-induced-inflammation-at-early-stage
#9
Kuang-Ting Yeh, Wen-Tien Wu, Yi-Maun Subeq, Chi-Chien Niu, Kuang-Wen Liao, Ing-Ho Chen, Ru-Ping Lee
The inflammatory process after traumatic fracture and soft tissue injury includes release of inflammatory cytokines and activated polymorph nuclear cells (PMN) that can cause subsequent affected limbs delayed healing and vital organ complications. Analgesics have good effect on relief of the symptom but may cause further burden for hepatic and renal metabolism. Freshwater clam extract (FCE) has been demonstrated to suppress the release of the pro-inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor-α production after hemorrhagic shock, and decrease the level of liver injury marker in rats...
November 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166114/communication-recovering-the-flat-plane-condition-in-electronic-structure-theory-at-semi-local-dft-cost
#10
Akash Bajaj, Jon Paul Janet, Heather J Kulik
The flat-plane condition is the union of two exact constraints in electronic structure theory: (i) energetic piecewise linearity with fractional electron removal or addition and (ii) invariant energetics with change in electron spin in a half filled orbital. Semi-local density functional theory (DFT) fails to recover the flat plane, exhibiting convex fractional charge errors (FCE) and concave fractional spin errors (FSE) that are related to delocalization and static correlation errors. We previously showed that DFT+U eliminates FCE but now demonstrate that, like other widely employed corrections (i...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142422/chemotaxonomic-diversity-of-three-ficus-species-their-discrimination-using-chemometric-analysis-and-their-role-in-combating-oxidative-stress
#11
Nawal Al-Musayeib, Sherif S Ebada, Haidy A Gad, Fadia S Youssef, Mohamed Lotfy Ashour
Background: Genus Ficus (Moraceae) constitutes more than 850 species and about 2000 varieties and it acts as a golden mine that could afford effective and safe remedies combating many health disorders. Objectives: Discrimination of Ficus cordata, Ficus ingens, and Ficus palmata using chemometric analysis and assessment of their role in combating oxidative stress. Materials and Methods: Phytochemical profiling of the methanol extracts of the three Ficus species and their successive fractions was performed using high-performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization mass spectrometry...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123542/effects-of-diet-and-genetics-on-growth-performance-of-pigs-in-response-to-repeated-exposure-to-heat-stress
#12
Wendy M Rauw, E Johana Mayorga, Soi Meng Lei, Jack C M Dekkers, John F Patience, Nicholas K Gabler, Steven M Lonergan, Lance H Baumgard
Heat stress (HS) is one of the costliest issues in the U.S. pork industry. Aims of the present study were to determine the consequences of repeated exposure to HS on growth performance, and the effects of a high fiber diet, the genetic potential for high lean tissue accretion, and the genetic potential for residual feed intake (RFI) on resilience to HS. Barrows (n = 97) from three genetic lines (commercial, high RFI, low RFI) where subjected three times to a 4-day HS treatment (HS1, HS2, and HS3) which was preceded by a 9-day neutral (TN) adaptation period (TN1) and alternated by 7-day periods of neutral temperatures (TN2, TN3, and TN4)...
2017: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094284/predictive-value-of-the-fear-avoidance-model-on-functional-capacity-evaluation
#13
Johanne Tüscher, Cyrille Burrus, Philippe Vuistiner, Bertrand Léger, Gilles Rivier, François Luthi
Purpose Measuring the predictive value of the Fear-Avoidance Model (FAM) on lifting tasks in Functional Capacity Evaluation (FCE), and on reasons for stopping the evaluation (safe maximal effort, versus self-limited). Methods A monocentric prospective study was conducted on 298 consecutive inpatients. Components of the FAM were analyzed using the Cumulative Psychosocial Factor Index (CPFI: kinesiophobia, catastrophizing, depressive mood) and perceived disability (Hand/Spinal Function Sort: HFS/SFS). Floor-to-waist, waist-to-overhead and dominant-hand lifting tests were measured according to the FCE guidelines...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058420/exploration-of-biological-markers-of-feed-efficiency-in-young-bulls
#14
Sarah J Meale, Diego P Morgavi, Isabelle Cassar-Malek, Donato Andueza, Isabelle Ortigues-Marty, Richard J Robins, Anne-Marie Schiphorst, Sophie Laverroux, Benoit Graulet, Hamid Boudra, Gonzalo Cantalapiedra-Hijar
The efficiency with which ruminants convert feed to desirable products is difficult to measure under normal commercial settings. We explored the use of potential biological markers from easily obtainable samples, that is, blood, hair, and feces, to characterize potential causes of divergent efficiency when considered as residual feed intake (RFI) or feed conversion efficiency (FCE). A total of 54 Charolais bulls, 20 in period 1 and 34 in period 2, were examined for individual dry matter intake (DMI) and growth...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045812/facial-emotion-perception-in-patients-with-epilepsy-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Michelle Edwards, Elizabeth Stewart, Romina Palermo, Suncica Lah
Facial emotion perception is a fundamental social competency relying on a specialised, yet distributed, neural network. This review aimed to determine whether patients with epilepsy have facial emotion perception accuracy impairments overall, or for a subset of emotions (anger, disgust, happiness, sadness, fear, and surprise), and the relationship to epilepsy type, demographic/treatment variables, and brain organisation. Database searches used PRISMA guidelines with strict inclusion/exclusion criteria. Thirty included studies assessed patients with temporal lobe (TLE; n=709), frontocentral (FCE; n=22), and genetic generalised (GGE; n=48) epilepsy...
October 16, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036861/task-intensity-influences-upper-limb-and-torso-kinematics-during-two-common-overhead-functional-capacity-evaluation-tasks
#16
Angelica E Lang, Clark R Dickerson
BACKGROUND: The Functional Capacity Evaluation (FCE) is a tool used in the return-to-work process to guide treatment and decision making. Individual abilities and maximum capacity can be determined through visual observations of changes in mechanics as intensity increases. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine kinematic differences between sexes and intensity levels of two common FCE tasks to establish normative behaviours. METHODS: Upper limb and torso kinematics were collected from 30 participants as they performed the overhead lift and overhead work FCE tasks...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988355/updating-the-evidence-on-functional-capacity-evaluation-methods-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Stijn De Baets, Patrick Calders, Noortje Schalley, Katrien Vermeulen, Sofie Vertriest, Lien Van Peteghem, Marieke Coussens, Fransiska Malfait, Guy Vanderstraeten, Geert Van Hove, Dominique Van de Velde
Objectives To synthesize the evidence on the psychometrics functional capacity evaluation (FCE) methods. Methods A systematic literature search in nine databases. The resulting articles were screened based on predefined in- and exclusion criteria. Two reviewers independently performed this screening. Included studies were appraised based on their methodological quality. Results The search resulted in 20 eligible studies about nine different FCE methods. The Baltimore Therapeutic Equipment work simulator showed a moderate predictive validity...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932940/repeatability-and-safety-of-the-functional-capacity-evaluation-one-handed-for-individuals-with-upper-limb-reduction-deficiency-and-amputation
#18
S G Postema, R M Bongers, C K Van der Sluis, M F Reneman
Purpose To assess repeatability and safety of the functional capacity evaluation-one-handed (FCE-OH), a FCE-OH individuals, consisting of eight items. Method The FCE-OH protocol was administered twice to 23 individuals with upper limb absence (87% male; median age 46 years; median 2 days between sessions). To examine repeatability, test-retest reliability and agreement were assessed with the intraclass correlations coefficient (ICC) and limits of agreement (LoA), respectively. Reliability was considered acceptable when ICC-values were ≥0...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911904/functional-characterization-of-candidate-antigens-of-hyalomma-anatolicum-and-evaluation-of-its-cross-protective-efficacy-against-rhipicephalus-microplus
#19
Binod Kumar, H V Manjunathachar, Gaurav Nagar, G Ravikumar, José de la Fuente, B C Saravanan, Srikant Ghosh
Hyalomma anatolicum and Rhipicephalus microplus seriously affect dairy animals and immunization of host is considered as a sustainable option for the management of the tick species. Identification and validation of protective molecules are the major challenges in developing a cross-protective vaccine. The subolesin (SUB), calreticulin (CRT) and cathepsin L-like cysteine proteinase (CathL) genes of H. anatolicum were cloned, sequenced and analysed for sequence homology. Both Ha-SUB and Ha-CRT genes showed very high level of homogeneity within the species (97...
September 11, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812825/evaluating-global-health-partnerships-a-case-study-of-a-gavi-hpv-vaccine-application-process-in-uganda
#20
Carol Kamya, Jessica Shearer, Gilbert Asiimwe, Emily Carnahan, Nicole Salisbury, Peter Waiswa, Jennifer Brinkerhoff, Dai Hozumi
BACKGROUND: Global health partnerships have grown rapidly in number and scope, yet there has been less emphasis on their evaluation. Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance, is one such public-private partnership; in Gavi-eligible countries partnerships are dynamic networks of immunization actors who work together to support all stages and aspects of Gavi support. This paper describes a conceptual framework - the partnership framework - and analytic approach for evaluating the perceptions of partnerships' added value as well as the results from an application to one case in Uganda...
October 26, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
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