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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397018/functional-capacity-evaluation-in-upper-limb-reduction-deficiency-and-amputation-development-and-pilot-testing
#1
S G Postema, R M Bongers, M F Reneman, C K van der Sluis
Purpose To develop and pilot test a functional capacity evaluation (FCE) for individuals with upper limb absence (ULA) due to reduction deficiency or amputation, and to examine the relationship between FCE results and presence of musculoskeletal complaints (MSC). Method Five tests (overhead lifting, overhead working, repetitive reaching, fingertip dexterity, and handgrip strength) were selected and adapted if necessary. The newly developed FCE, called FCE-One-Handed (FCE-OH), was pilot tested in 20 adults individuals with ULA, and 20 matched controls...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389973/functional-capacity-evaluation-research-report-from-the-third-international-functional-capacity-evaluation-research-meeting
#2
M J A Edelaar, D P Gross, C L James, M F Reneman
Purpose Based on the success of the first two conferences the Third International FCE Research Conference was held in The Netherlands on September 29, 2016. The aim was to provide ongoing opportunity to share and recent FCE research and discuss its implications. Methods Invitations and call for abstracts were sent to previous attendees, researchers, practicing FCE clinicians and professionals. Fifteen abstracts were selected for presentation. The FCE research conference contained two keynote lectures. Results 54 participants from 12 countries attended the conference where 15 research projects and 2 keynote lectures were presented...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374276/recurrent-focal-choroidal-excavation-following-multiple-evanescent-white-dot-syndrome-mewds-associated-with-acute-idiopathic-blind-spot-enlargement
#3
Mohammad Hossein Jabbarpoor Bonyadi, Kiana Hassanpour, Masoud Soheilian
PURPOSE: To present a recurrent case of conforming focal choroidal excavation (FCE) following multiple evanescent white dot syndrome (MEWDS) in a 25-year-old woman. METHODS: Following spontaneous MEWDS sings resolution our patient noted a recurrent decrease in vision. Repeated OCT revealed elevation and mild disruption of RPE layer at fovea without previous angiographic MEWDS signs. At this time, short-term systemic steroid therapy was started and visual acuity became normal...
April 3, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341045/exogenous-%C3%AE-mannanase-improves-feed-conversion-efficiency-and-reduces-somatic-cell-count-in-dairy-cattle
#4
T A Tewoldebrhan, J A D R N Appuhamy, J-J Lee, M Niu, S Seo, S Jeong, E Kebreab
Exogenous fibrolytic enzymes have been shown to be a promising way to improve feed conversion efficiency (FCE). β-Mannanase is an important enzyme digesting the polysaccharide β-mannan in hemicellulose. Supplementation of diets with β-mannanase to improve FCE has been more extensively studied in nonruminants than in ruminants. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of β-mannanase supplementation on nutrient digestibility, FCE, and nitrogen utilization in lactating Holstein dairy cows...
January 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339418/survey-of-kinesiologists-functional-capacity-evaluation-practice-in-canada
#5
Kathryn E Sinden, Taya L McGillivary, Elizabeth Chapman, Steven L Fischer
BACKGROUND: In Canada, functional capacity evaluations (FCEs) are commonly administered by several health care professions including kinesiologists. Kinesiologists have been recently regulated as health care professionals in Ontario and we know little about their demographics, the frequency of FCE administration, or the types of FCEs used by this group. OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to identify: 1) the demographic characteristics and FCE education of kinesiology FCE practitioners; 2) the FCE systems most used by these practitioners and 3) the constructs from assessments used to determine functional capacity...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332071/the-nutritive-value-of-marula-sclerocarya-birrea-seed-cake-for-broiler-chickens-nutritional-composition-performance-carcass-characteristics-and-oxidative-and-mycotoxin-status
#6
Doctor Mziwenkosi Nhlanhla Mthiyane, Bhekumusa Sabelo Mhlanga
This study was aimed at investigating the nutritive value of marula seed cake (MSC) as an alternative protein source for broilers. In a completely randomised design involving six replicate pens of five chickens assigned to each of five treatments, body weight gain (BWG), feed intake (FI), feed conversion efficiency (FCE) and carcass characteristics were measured in an experiment in which 150 28-day-old broilers were fed maize-based diets containing, respectively, 0, 5, 10, 15 and 20% MSC at finisher phase. The results showed MSC to be remarkably high in CP (470...
April 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281001/acute-complete-paraplegia-of-8-year-old-girl-caused-by-spinal-cord-infarction-following-minor-trauma-complicated-with-longitudinal-signal-change-of-spinal-cord
#7
Kosei Nagata, Yuji Tanaka, Hiroyuki Kanai, Yasushi Oshima
INTRODUCTION: Spinal cord infarction followed by minor trauma in pediatric patients is rare and causes serious paralysis. Fibrocartilaginous embolism (FCE) is a possible diagnosis and there have been no consecutive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) reports. Here, we report a case of an acute complete paraplegia with spinal cord infarction and longitudinal spinal cord signal change following minor trauma in an 8-year-old girl. CASE DESCRIPTION: An 8-year-old girl presented to our hospital emergency services with total paraplegia 2 h after she hit her back and neck after doing a handstand and falling down...
March 9, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246010/case-series-of-two-patients-with-fibrocartilaginous-embolism-mimicking-transverse-myelitis-of-the-spinal-cord
#8
Mahmoud AbdelRazek, Rabab Elsadek, Lobna Elsadek
Fibrocartilaginous Embolism (FCE) refers to the extrusion of some of the fibro-cartilaginous nucleus pulposus material from within the inter-vertebral disc to eventually embolize into one of the spinal cord vessels with resultant spinal cord infarction. According to a 2016 review, AbdelRazek et al. (2106) [1] there are 41 pathologically confirmed and 26 clinically suspected cases in the literature till the end of 2015. We add two more clinically diagnosed cases.
February 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215197/growth-responses-of-entire-and-immunocastrated-male-pigs-to-dietary-protein-with-and-without-ractopamine-hydrochloride
#9
T Needham, L C Hoffman, R M Gous
The interaction between dietary balanced protein, ractopamine (RAC) and Improvac (IMP) on the growth response of 120 individually penned male PIC© pigs was evaluated. The pigs entered the trial at 16 weeks of age and were assigned to 12 treatments using a 2×2×3 factorial design. Three balanced protein diets, formulated with standard illeal digestible lysine levels of 7.50 (low), 9.79 (medium) and 12.07 g/kg (high), were fed from 20 weeks. Improvac was administered at 16 and 20 weeks, the booster being given 4 weeks before slaughter...
February 20, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126590/neuroprotection-by-freshwater-clam-extract-against-the-neurotoxin-mptp-in-c57bl-6-mice
#10
Cho-Chen Hsieh, Muh-Shi Lin, Kuo-Feng Hua, Wei-Jung Chen, Chai-Ching Lin
Freshwater clams are a popular health food in Asia and are traditionally used to prevent hepatic inflammation. Freshwater clam extract (FCE) inhibits inflammatory responses in activated macrophages by reducing the activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase and nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells. In this study, we used a mouse model of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropypridine (MPTP; a neurotoxin)-induced Parkinson's disease (PD) to demonstrate the protective effect of FCE on dopamine neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc)...
March 6, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051990/functional-capacity-evaluation-military-program-description-and-case-series
#11
Jill M Cancio, Robert A Oliver, Kathleen E Yancosek
A functional capacity evaluation (FCE) evaluates the ability of an individual to perform activities related to employment. There is no FCE specific to the military population; therefore, a FCE for the military population (FCE-M) was developed to evaluate an injured service member's (SM) ability to return to duty. The FCE-M is herein described along with descriptions of three active duty SMs who completed the evaluation. The three SMs completed all categories of the FCE-M with the first two cases achieving a work-level classification of Heavy-Very Heavy and the third a classification of Medium-Heavy...
January 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049002/reliability-and-agreement-of-neck-functional-capacity-evaluation-tests-in-patients-with-chronic-multifactorial-neck-pain
#12
M F Reneman, M Roelofs, H R Schiphorst Preuper
OBJECTIVE: To analyze test-retest reliability and agreement, and to explore safety of Neck Functional Capacity Evaluation tests (Neck-FCE) in patients with chronic multifactorial neck pain. DESIGN: test-retest; 2 FCE sessions were held with a 2 week interval. SETTING: university based outpatient rehabilitation center. PARTICIPANTS: n=18 participants, 14 females, mean age of 34 years. INTERVENTIONS: not applicable...
December 31, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991185/neural-correlates-of-the-false-consensus-effect-evidence-for-motivated-projection-and-regulatory-restraint
#13
B Locke Welborn, Benjamin C Gunter, I Stephanie Vezich, Matthew D Lieberman
The false consensus effect (FCE), the tendency to project our attitudes and opinions on to others, is a pervasive bias in social reasoning with a range of ramifications for individuals and society. Research in social psychology has suggested that numerous factors (anchoring and adjustment, accessibility, motivated projection, etc.) may contribute to the FCE. In this study, we examine the neural correlates of the FCE and provide evidence that motivated projection plays a significant role. Activity in reward regions (ventromedial pFC and bilateral nucleus accumbens) during consensus estimation was positively associated with bias, whereas activity in right ventrolateral pFC (implicated in emotion regulation) was inversely associated with bias...
April 2017: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979097/infrared-spectroscopy-used-to-determine-effects-of-chia-and-olive-oil-incorporation-strategies-on-lipid-structure-of-reduced-fat-frankfurters
#14
A M Herrero, C Ruiz-Capillas, T Pintado, P Carmona, F Jimenez-Colmenero
This article reports an infrared spectroscopic study, using attenuated total reflectance (ATR-FTIR), on the structural characteristics of lipids in frankfurters as affected by different strategies to replace animal fat with chia flour and olive oil. Three incorporation strategies were considered: direct addition (FCO) and addition in a conventional emulsion (non-gelled) (FCE) or an emulsion gel using alginate as a gelling agent (FCEG). Reduced-fat (all-pork-fat) frankfurters (FP) were used as reference. Proximate composition and specific technological properties (pH, processing loss, texture) were also evaluated...
April 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927278/comparative-genomic-analysis-of-enterovirus-71-revealed-six-new-potential-neurovirulence-associated-sites
#15
Qing Jun Jia, Xin Yu Chen, De Zhou Li, Juan Juan Xu, Zhi Gang Xu, Zhi Liang Duan, Jin Sheng Wen
In the present study, the complete genomes of four common (4/EV71/Wenzhou/CHN/2014, 15/ EV71/Wenzhou/CHN/2014, 116/EV71/Wenzhou/ CHN/2014, and 120/EV71/Wenzhou/CHN/2014) and two virulent (11/EV71/Wenzhou/CHN/2014 and 109/EV71/Wenzhou/CHN/2014) enterovirus 71 (EV71) isolates were sequenced and described. They are 7405 bp in length and belong to EV71 sub-genotype C4 (C4a cluster). Nucleotide sequence alignment revealed six nucleotide variations (GP151→TP151, GP199→AP199, GP261→TP261, AP328→CP328, GP422→AP422, and GP437→TP437) in the two virulent isolates within the 5'UTR of the IRES element...
October 2016: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780768/influence-of-functional-capacity-evaluation-on-physician-s-assessment-of-physical-capacity-of-veterans-with-chronic-pain-a-retrospective-analysis
#16
Dominique Peppers, Stephen F Figoni, Breda W Carroll, Michael M Chen, Sungchan Song, Witaya Mathiyakom
BACKGROUND: Physicians have difficulty predicting patients' occupational limitations, abilities, and success from clinical evaluation (CE) of pathology and impairments, especially in the presence of chronic pain. Additional information from a functional capacity evaluation (FCE) may improve the accuracy of their physical capacity assessments. It is not known whether FCE information will change these assessments. No such study has been published using Veterans or non-Veterans. OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of FCE data on the physician's assessment of the US Department of Labor's Dictionary of Occupational Titles (DOT) work capacity levels of Veterans with chronic moderate-intensity pain...
October 22, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759866/optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-study-of-choroidal-neovascularization-associated-with-focal-choroidal-excavation
#17
Rohan Chawla, Kanhaiya Mittal, Rajpal Vohra
The authors report the use of optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) (DRI OCT Triton; Topcon, Tokyo, Japan) to localize, characterize, and confirm the presence of a choroidal neovascular membrane in a patient of focal choroidal excavation (FCE) with recent-onset metamorphopsia and visual blurring. En face OCTA images just above the level of the retinal pigment epithelium-Bruch's membrane complex typically showed the presence of a glomerulus-like neovascular network with an adjacent dark area suggestive of a Type 2 choroidal neovascularization (CNV)...
October 1, 2016: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742439/spatial-variation-in-the-accumulation-of-pops-and-mercury-in-bottlenose-dolphins-of-the-lower-florida-keys-and-the-coastal-everglades-south-florida
#18
France Damseaux, Jeremy J Kiszka, Michael R Heithaus, George Scholl, Gauthier Eppe, Jean-Pierre Thomé, Jennifer Lewis, Wensi Hao, Michaël C Fontaine, Krishna Das
The bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) is an upper trophic level predator and the most common cetacean species found in nearshore waters of southern Florida, including the Lower Florida Keys (LFK) and the Florida Coastal Everglades (FCE). The objective of this study was to assess contamination levels of total mercury (T-Hg) in skin and persistent organic pollutants (PCBs, PBDEs, DDXs, HCHs, HCB, Σ PCDD/Fs and Σ DL-PCBs) in blubber samples of bottlenose dolphins from LFK (n = 27) and FCE (n = 24)...
January 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717575/modeling-and-evaluation-of-the-oil-spill-emergency-response-capability-based-on-linguistic-variables
#19
Jian Kang, Jixin Zhang, Yongqiang Bai
An evaluation of the oil-spill emergency response capability (OS-ERC) currently in place in modern marine management is required to prevent pollution and loss accidents. The objective of this paper is to develop a novel OS-ERC evaluation model, the importance of which stems from the current lack of integrated approaches for interpreting, ranking and assessing OS-ERC performance factors. In the first part of this paper, the factors influencing OS-ERC are analyzed and classified to generate a global evaluation index system...
December 15, 2016: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682506/clinical-characteristics-of-canine-fibrocartilaginous-embolic-myelopathy-fce-a-systematic-review-of-393-cases-1973-2013
#20
K A Bartholomew, K E Stover, N J Olby, S A Moore
Fibrocartilaginous embolic myelopathy (FCE) is common in dogs; however, there is conflicting information in the veterinary literature regarding clinical characteristics and data on recovery in severe cases is sparse. A systematic review of canine FCE was performed to delineate the natural history of this disease. 322 previously reported cases and 71 previously unreported cases were identified for inclusion. Source publications were identified via PubMed central search and by references from review articles...
December 24, 2016: Veterinary Record
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