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Dominique Peppers, Stephen F Figoni, Breda W Carroll, Michael M Chen, Sungchan Song, Witaya Mathiyakom
BACKGROUND: Physicians have difficulty predicting patients' occupational limitations, abilities, and success from clinical evaluation (CE) of pathology and impairments, especially in the presence of chronic pain. Additional information from a functional capacity evaluation (FCE) may improve the accuracy of their physical capacity assessments. It is not known whether FCE information will change these assessments. No such study has been published using Veterans or non-Veterans. OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of FCE data on the physician's assessment of the US Department of Labor's Dictionary of Occupational Titles (DOT) work capacity levels of Veterans with chronic moderate-intensity pain...
October 22, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Rohan Chawla, Kanhaiya Mittal, Rajpal Vohra
The authors report the use of optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) (DRI OCT Triton; Topcon, Tokyo, Japan) to localize, characterize, and confirm the presence of a choroidal neovascular membrane in a patient of focal choroidal excavation (FCE) with recent-onset metamorphopsia and visual blurring. En face OCTA images just above the level of the retinal pigment epithelium-Bruch's membrane complex typically showed the presence of a glomerulus-like neovascular network with an adjacent dark area suggestive of a Type 2 choroidal neovascularization (CNV)...
October 1, 2016: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
France Damseaux, Jeremy J Kiszka, Michael R Heithaus, George Scholl, Gauthier Eppe, Jean-Pierre Thomé, Jennifer Lewis, Wensi Hao, Michaël C Fontaine, Krishna Das
The bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) is an upper trophic level predator and the most common cetacean species found in nearshore waters of southern Florida, including the Lower Florida Keys (LFK) and the Florida Coastal Everglades (FCE). The objective of this study was to assess contamination levels of total mercury (T-Hg) in skin and persistent organic pollutants (PCBs, PBDEs, DDXs, HCHs, HCB, Σ PCDD/Fs and Σ DL-PCBs) in blubber samples of bottlenose dolphins from LFK (n = 27) and FCE (n = 24)...
January 2017: Environmental Pollution
Jian Kang, Jixin Zhang, Yongqian Bai
An evaluation of the oil-spill emergency response capability (OS-ERC) currently in place in modern marine management is required to prevent pollution and loss accidents. The objective of this paper is to develop a novel OS-ERC evaluation model, the importance of which stems from the current lack of integrated approaches for interpreting, ranking and assessing OS-ERC performance factors. In the first part of this paper, the factors influencing OS-ERC are analyzed and classified to generate a global evaluation index system...
October 4, 2016: Marine Pollution Bulletin
K A Bartholomew, K E Stover, N J Olby, S A Moore
Fibrocartilaginous embolic myelopathy (FCE) is common in dogs; however, there is conflicting information in the veterinary literature regarding clinical characteristics and data on recovery in severe cases is sparse. A systematic review of canine FCE was performed to delineate the natural history of this disease. 322 previously reported cases and 71 previously unreported cases were identified for inclusion. Source publications were identified via PubMed central search and by references from review articles...
September 28, 2016: Veterinary Record
Cyrille Burrus, Johanne Tuscher, Philippe Vuistiner, Gilles Rivier, Bertrand Léger, François Luthi
OBJECTIVE: Functional capacity evaluation (FCE) based on a safe maximal performance (kinesiophysical criteria), is used to evaluate abilities of a patient to accomplish work-related tasks that may help precise functional limitations. As known in chronic pain, psychosocial factors and behavioral factors have been shown to influence FCE. The influence of the "fear-avoidance" model on FCE is debated (van Abbema, 2011) and has never been studied with a full model. The goal of this study was to evaluate the influence of the fear-avoidance model on FCE performance in patients admitted for vocational rehabilitation after orthopaedic trauma...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Daniel López-Aguirre, Javier Hernández-Meléndez, Rolando Rojo, Fernando Sánchez-Dávila, Nicolás López-Villalobos, Abdel-Fattah Z M Salem, Juan Carlos Martínez-González, José Fernando Vázquez-Armijo, Salomón Ruíz
Pelibuey sheep is the main breed in the tropical and subtropical regions of Mexico, and high demand of sheep meat has favored the finishing of lambs in feedlots with diets containing high levels of grains. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of exogenous enzymes (EE) and application method on nutrient intake and digestibility and performance of growing Pelibuey lambs. Treatments were based on comparison of two different methods of adding an enzyme product (sprayed on the total mixed ration or applied orally to the lambs) versus control treatment (no added enzyme)...
2016: SpringerPlus
Kavita Walia, Hector Argüello, Helen Lynch, Finola C Leonard, Jim Grant, Dermot Yearsley, Sinead Kelly, Geraldine Duffy, Gillian E Gardiner, Peadar G Lawlor
Pork is an important source of human salmonellosis and low-cost on-farm control measures may provide a useful element in reducing the prevalence of this pathogen in food. This study investigated the effectiveness of dietary supplementation with sodium butyrate administered to finisher pigs for ∼4-weeks prior to slaughter to control Salmonella shedding on highly contaminated farms. Two trials (A and B) were conducted on two commercial pig farms, which had a history of high Salmonella seroprevalence. In both trials, pens (14 pens of 12 pigs/pen in Trial A and 12 pens of 12-17 pigs/pen in Trial B) were randomly assigned to a control (finisher feed without additive) or a treatment group (the same feed with 3kg sodium butyrate/t) for 24-28days, depending on the trial...
September 1, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
Md Sakhawat Hossain, Shunsuke Koshio, Manabu Ishikawa, Saichiro Yokoyama, Nadia Mahjabin Sony
The present study explored the dietary administration effects of guanosine monophosphate (GMP) on growth, digestibility, innate immune responses and stress resistance of juvenile red sea bream, Pagrus major. A semi-purified basal diet supplemented with 0% (Control), 0.1% (GMP-0.1), 0.2% (GMP-0.2), 0.4% (GMP-0.4) and 0.8% (GMP-0.8) purified GMP to formulate five experimental diets. Each diet was randomly allocated to triplicate groups of fish (mean initial weight 3.4 g) for 56 days. The obtained results clearly indicated that, growth performance of red sea bream enhanced by dietary GMP supplementation compared to control and significantly higher final weight was found in fish fed diet group GMP-0...
October 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Imoro Zeba Braimah, Shruthi Rapole, Sunila Dumpala, Jay Chhablani
AIM: To investigate the presence of focal choroidal excavation (FCE) in patients with retinitis pigmentosa (RP), Stargardt's disease (STGD), and Best disease in the Indian population. METHODS: This retrospective consecutive case series included 309 eyes of 157 patients with RP (183 eyes), STGD (93 eyes), and Best disease (33 eyes) with good-quality, enhanced-depth spectral domain optical coherence tomography scans. Comprehensive ophthalmic examination data were collected...
August 17, 2016: Seminars in Ophthalmology
Ryan Eid, Ashok Raj, Darren Farber, Vinay Puri, Salvatore Bertolone
Spinal cord infarction (SCI) is extremely rare in children, and only 2 other reports have described the occurrence of SCI in patients with hemoglobin SC disease (HbSC). Amusement park accidents are serious injuries. Patients with preexisting conditions, such as hypertension, cardiac disease, and recent back or neck injuries, may be at an increased risk. We report the case of a 12-year-old girl with HbSC with a past history of only 2 admissions for pain crises, who presented to the emergency department with symptoms of SCI after riding a roller coaster...
September 2016: Pediatrics
Yao Wang, Zhi-Qing Chen, Wei Wang, Xiao-Yun Fang
Purpose. To investigate the prevalence and characteristics of focal choroidal excavation (FCE) concurrent with central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) using multimodal imaging. Methods. This was a retrospective single-institution study. Clinical features and multimodal imaging findings were analyzed in eyes with CSC and FCEs, using imaging methods including optical coherence tomography (OCT), OCT angiography (OCTA), fluorescein angiography (FA), indocyanine green angiography (ICGA), fundus autofluorescence (FAF), and multispectral imaging...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
Yi-Chi Peng, Fwu-Lin Yang, Yi-Maun Subeq, Chin-Chieh Tien, Ru-Ping Lee
BACKGROUND: The freshwater clam (Corbicula Fluminea) is a widely consumed functional food in Asia and is traditionally used to improve health and either prevent or treat inflammation related diseases. Numerous studies have proposed that freshwater clams act to prevent and attenuate inflammatory responses, and serve as a possible inhibitor to systemic inflammation. However, there is limited information about the effects of freshwater clams on wound healing. RESULTS: Our study investigated the influence of freshwater clam extract (FCE) on wound healing and inflammatory responses in a cutaneous incision model...
June 14, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Daniel T L Shek, Lu Yu
This study evaluated a university general education subject on leadership and intrapersonal development ("Tomorrow's Leaders", TL) offered at The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU) based on an online survey using the Student Feedback Questionnaire (SFQ). At the end of the first semester of the 2013/2014 academic year, 725 Year-1 students completed the online questionnaire. Results showed that the students generally had positive ratings on both the subject attributes and the qualities of teachers. The majority of the participants perceived the subject as beneficial to their holistic development and leadership competencies...
June 14, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Jomol Antony, P Natarajan
In aquaculture, growth hormones attract many researchers as they play a key role in the regulation of body weight and metabolism. In this study, we observed the influence of hCG on growth in Barilius bakeri, a common ornamental fish endemic to the Western Ghats, Kerala, India. Juveniles of B. bakeri 2.19 ± 0.92 g were selected and stocked in the experimental tanks of size 90 x 45 x 45 cm. Water quality parameters were examined periodically and were maintained under tolerable limits. The feeds were formulated at 40% protein level...
March 2016: Indian Journal of Experimental Biology
María Magdalena Iracheta-Cárdenas, Mario A Rocha-Peña, Luis J Galán-Wong, Katiushka Arévalo-Niño, Omar Eduardo Tovar-Herrera
A laccase from the basidiomycete Pycnoporus sanguineus strain RVAN5 was evaluated for its ability to decolorize synthetic dyes and denim bleaching. Dye color reduction and denim bleaching were monitored at different dye concentrations and incubation times. Dye decolorization by Pycnoporus sanguineus fungal crude extract (FCE) ranged from 80 to 96% within 2-4 h at 25-65 °C. Comparable results were obtained when violuric acid (VA) was added as mediator to the FCE, however, the number of decolorized dyes increased significantly...
July 15, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
Norashikin Mahmud, Frederieke G Schaafsma, Jean-Baptiste Fassier, Jos H Verbeek, Michiel F Reneman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Ruimin Liu, Yaxin Chen, Wenwen Yu, Fei Xu, Zhenyao Shen
Based on water sample data collected from the Yangtze River Estuary (YRE) during four sampling periods in 2010 and 2011, the total nitrogen (TN) and total phosphorus (TP) content were evaluated using the traditional single-factor evaluation (TSE) and the fuzzy comprehensive evaluation (FCE). Statistical analyses showed that the average TN and TP for the four periods were 2.60 mg/L and 0.11 mg/L, respectively. August 2010 showed the lowest TN (1.57 mg/L), and February 2011 showed the highest TP (0.15 mg/L). The annual spatial distribution results indicated that an area of high TN concentration (TN ≥ 3...
2016: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Mahmoud A AbdelRazek, Ashkan Mowla, Salman Farooq, Nicholas Silvestri, Robert Sawyer, Gil Wolfe
BACKGROUND: Most spinal cord infarctions are due to aortic pathologies and aortic surgeries. Fibrocartilaginous Embolism (FCE) has been reported to represent 5.5% of spinal cord infarctions. Some believe that FCE is more common than presumed and is rather under-diagnosed due to vagueness surrounding its clinical presentation. METHOD: A literature search was conducted for case reports of FCE published before August 2014. PubMed, the Cochrane Central Register and Google Scholar were searched for different combinations of the key words "fibrocartilaginous, "nucleus pulposus", "embolism", "spinal cord", "inter-vertebral disc", "infarction", "stroke", "paraplegia", "quadriplegia", "myelopathy"...
2016: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Daniel D Bohl, Junyoung Ahn, Michael Collins, Benjamin C Mayo, Dustin H Massel, Khaled Aboushaala, Rahul Kamath, Gabriel Duhancioglu, Moustafa Elbeik, Kern Singh
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of prospectively collected data. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to characterize outcomes of functional capacity evaluations (FCEs) amongst patients undergoing spinal fusion surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Injured workers often undergo an FCE upon reaching maximal medical improvement following surgery. To date, few studies have examined the results of FCEs following spinal fusion. METHODS: Patients undergoing an FCE following a minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) or anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) were retrospectively identified...
July 1, 2016: Spine
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