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T Needham, L C Hoffman, R M Gous
The interaction between dietary balanced protein, ractopamine (RAC) and Improvac (IMP) on the growth response of 120 individually penned male PIC© pigs was evaluated. The pigs entered the trial at 16 weeks of age and were assigned to 12 treatments using a 2×2×3 factorial design. Three balanced protein diets, formulated with standard illeal digestible lysine levels of 7.50 (low), 9.79 (medium) and 12.07 g/kg (high), were fed from 20 weeks. Improvac was administered at 16 and 20 weeks, the booster being given 4 weeks before slaughter...
February 20, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
Cho-Chen Hsieh, Muh-Shi Lin, Kuo-Feng Hua, Wei-Jung Chen, Chai-Ching Lin
Freshwater clams are a popular health food in Asia and are traditionally used to prevent hepatic inflammation. Freshwater clam extract (FCE) inhibits inflammatory responses in activated macrophages by reducing the activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase and nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells. In this study, we used a mouse model of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropypridine (MPTP; a neurotoxin)-induced Parkinson's disease (PD) to demonstrate the protective effect of FCE on dopamine neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc)...
January 23, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
Jill M Cancio, Robert A Oliver, Kathleen E Yancosek
A functional capacity evaluation (FCE) evaluates the ability of an individual to perform activities related to employment. There is no FCE specific to the military population; therefore, a FCE for the military population (FCE-M) was developed to evaluate an injured service member's (SM) ability to return to duty. The FCE-M is herein described along with descriptions of three active duty SMs who completed the evaluation. The three SMs completed all categories of the FCE-M with the first two cases achieving a work-level classification of Heavy-Very Heavy and the third a classification of Medium-Heavy...
January 2017: Military Medicine
M F Reneman, M Roelofs, H R Schiphorst Preuper
OBJECTIVE: To analyze test-retest reliability and agreement, and to explore safety of Neck Functional Capacity Evaluation tests (Neck-FCE) in patients with chronic multifactorial neck pain. DESIGN: test-retest; 2 FCE sessions were held with a 2 week interval. SETTING: university based outpatient rehabilitation center. PARTICIPANTS: n=18 participants, 14 females, mean age of 34 years. INTERVENTIONS: not applicable...
December 31, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
B Locke Welborn, Benjamin C Gunter, I Stephanie Vezich, Matthew D Lieberman
The false consensus effect (FCE), the tendency to project our attitudes and opinions on to others, is a pervasive bias in social reasoning with a range of ramifications for individuals and society. Research in social psychology has suggested that numerous factors (anchoring and adjustment, accessibility, motivated projection, etc.) may contribute to the FCE. In this study, we examine the neural correlates of the FCE and provide evidence that motivated projection plays a significant role. Activity in reward regions (ventromedial pFC and bilateral nucleus accumbens) during consensus estimation was positively associated with bias, whereas activity in right ventrolateral pFC (implicated in emotion regulation) was inversely associated with bias...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
A M Herrero, C Ruiz-Capillas, T Pintado, P Carmona, F Jimenez-Colmenero
This article reports an infrared spectroscopic study, using attenuated total reflectance (ATR-FTIR), on the structural characteristics of lipids in frankfurters as affected by different strategies to replace animal fat with chia flour and olive oil. Three incorporation strategies were considered: direct addition (FCO) and addition in a conventional emulsion (non-gelled) (FCE) or an emulsion gel using alginate as a gelling agent (FCEG). Reduced-fat (all-pork-fat) frankfurters (FP) were used as reference. Proximate composition and specific technological properties (pH, processing loss, texture) were also evaluated...
April 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
Qing Jun Jia, Xin Yu Chen, De Zhou Li, Juan Juan Xu, Zhi Gang Xu, Zhi Liang Duan, Jin Sheng Wen
In the present study, the complete genomes of four common (4/EV71/Wenzhou/CHN/2014, 15/ EV71/Wenzhou/CHN/2014, 116/EV71/Wenzhou/ CHN/2014, and 120/EV71/Wenzhou/CHN/2014) and two virulent (11/EV71/Wenzhou/CHN/2014 and 109/EV71/Wenzhou/CHN/2014) enterovirus 71 (EV71) isolates were sequenced and described. They are 7405 bp in length and belong to EV71 sub-genotype C4 (C4a cluster). Nucleotide sequence alignment revealed six nucleotide variations (GP151→TP151, GP199→AP199, GP261→TP261, AP328→CP328, GP422→AP422, and GP437→TP437) in the two virulent isolates within the 5'UTR of the IRES element...
October 2016: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
Dominique Peppers, Stephen F Figoni, Breda W Carroll, Michael M Chen, Sungchan Song, Witaya Mathiyakom
BACKGROUND: Physicians have difficulty predicting patients' occupational limitations, abilities, and success from clinical evaluation (CE) of pathology and impairments, especially in the presence of chronic pain. Additional information from a functional capacity evaluation (FCE) may improve the accuracy of their physical capacity assessments. It is not known whether FCE information will change these assessments. No such study has been published using Veterans or non-Veterans. OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of FCE data on the physician's assessment of the US Department of Labor's Dictionary of Occupational Titles (DOT) work capacity levels of Veterans with chronic moderate-intensity pain...
October 22, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Rohan Chawla, Kanhaiya Mittal, Rajpal Vohra
The authors report the use of optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) (DRI OCT Triton; Topcon, Tokyo, Japan) to localize, characterize, and confirm the presence of a choroidal neovascular membrane in a patient of focal choroidal excavation (FCE) with recent-onset metamorphopsia and visual blurring. En face OCTA images just above the level of the retinal pigment epithelium-Bruch's membrane complex typically showed the presence of a glomerulus-like neovascular network with an adjacent dark area suggestive of a Type 2 choroidal neovascularization (CNV)...
October 1, 2016: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
France Damseaux, Jeremy J Kiszka, Michael R Heithaus, George Scholl, Gauthier Eppe, Jean-Pierre Thomé, Jennifer Lewis, Wensi Hao, Michaël C Fontaine, Krishna Das
The bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) is an upper trophic level predator and the most common cetacean species found in nearshore waters of southern Florida, including the Lower Florida Keys (LFK) and the Florida Coastal Everglades (FCE). The objective of this study was to assess contamination levels of total mercury (T-Hg) in skin and persistent organic pollutants (PCBs, PBDEs, DDXs, HCHs, HCB, Σ PCDD/Fs and Σ DL-PCBs) in blubber samples of bottlenose dolphins from LFK (n = 27) and FCE (n = 24)...
January 2017: Environmental Pollution
Jian Kang, Jixin Zhang, Yongqiang Bai
An evaluation of the oil-spill emergency response capability (OS-ERC) currently in place in modern marine management is required to prevent pollution and loss accidents. The objective of this paper is to develop a novel OS-ERC evaluation model, the importance of which stems from the current lack of integrated approaches for interpreting, ranking and assessing OS-ERC performance factors. In the first part of this paper, the factors influencing OS-ERC are analyzed and classified to generate a global evaluation index system...
December 15, 2016: Marine Pollution Bulletin
K A Bartholomew, K E Stover, N J Olby, S A Moore
Fibrocartilaginous embolic myelopathy (FCE) is common in dogs; however, there is conflicting information in the veterinary literature regarding clinical characteristics and data on recovery in severe cases is sparse. A systematic review of canine FCE was performed to delineate the natural history of this disease. 322 previously reported cases and 71 previously unreported cases were identified for inclusion. Source publications were identified via PubMed central search and by references from review articles...
December 24, 2016: Veterinary Record
Cyrille Burrus, Johanne Tuscher, Philippe Vuistiner, Gilles Rivier, Bertrand Léger, François Luthi
OBJECTIVE: Functional capacity evaluation (FCE) based on a safe maximal performance (kinesiophysical criteria), is used to evaluate abilities of a patient to accomplish work-related tasks that may help precise functional limitations. As known in chronic pain, psychosocial factors and behavioral factors have been shown to influence FCE. The influence of the "fear-avoidance" model on FCE is debated (van Abbema, 2011) and has never been studied with a full model. The goal of this study was to evaluate the influence of the fear-avoidance model on FCE performance in patients admitted for vocational rehabilitation after orthopaedic trauma...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Daniel López-Aguirre, Javier Hernández-Meléndez, Rolando Rojo, Fernando Sánchez-Dávila, Nicolás López-Villalobos, Abdel-Fattah Z M Salem, Juan Carlos Martínez-González, José Fernando Vázquez-Armijo, Salomón Ruíz
Pelibuey sheep is the main breed in the tropical and subtropical regions of Mexico, and high demand of sheep meat has favored the finishing of lambs in feedlots with diets containing high levels of grains. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of exogenous enzymes (EE) and application method on nutrient intake and digestibility and performance of growing Pelibuey lambs. Treatments were based on comparison of two different methods of adding an enzyme product (sprayed on the total mixed ration or applied orally to the lambs) versus control treatment (no added enzyme)...
2016: SpringerPlus
Kavita Walia, Hector Argüello, Helen Lynch, Finola C Leonard, Jim Grant, Dermot Yearsley, Sinead Kelly, Geraldine Duffy, Gillian E Gardiner, Peadar G Lawlor
Pork is an important source of human salmonellosis and low-cost on-farm control measures may provide a useful element in reducing the prevalence of this pathogen in food. This study investigated the effectiveness of dietary supplementation with sodium butyrate administered to finisher pigs for ∼4-weeks prior to slaughter to control Salmonella shedding on highly contaminated farms. Two trials (A and B) were conducted on two commercial pig farms, which had a history of high Salmonella seroprevalence. In both trials, pens (14 pens of 12 pigs/pen in Trial A and 12 pens of 12-17 pigs/pen in Trial B) were randomly assigned to a control (finisher feed without additive) or a treatment group (the same feed with 3kg sodium butyrate/t) for 24-28days, depending on the trial...
September 1, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
Md Sakhawat Hossain, Shunsuke Koshio, Manabu Ishikawa, Saichiro Yokoyama, Nadia Mahjabin Sony
The present study explored the dietary administration effects of guanosine monophosphate (GMP) on growth, digestibility, innate immune responses and stress resistance of juvenile red sea bream, Pagrus major. A semi-purified basal diet supplemented with 0% (Control), 0.1% (GMP-0.1), 0.2% (GMP-0.2), 0.4% (GMP-0.4) and 0.8% (GMP-0.8) purified GMP to formulate five experimental diets. Each diet was randomly allocated to triplicate groups of fish (mean initial weight 3.4 g) for 56 days. The obtained results clearly indicated that, growth performance of red sea bream enhanced by dietary GMP supplementation compared to control and significantly higher final weight was found in fish fed diet group GMP-0...
October 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Imoro Zeba Braimah, Shruthi Rapole, Sunila Dumpala, Jay Chhablani
AIM: To investigate the presence of focal choroidal excavation (FCE) in patients with retinitis pigmentosa (RP), Stargardt's disease (STGD), and Best disease in the Indian population. METHODS: This retrospective consecutive case series included 309 eyes of 157 patients with RP (183 eyes), STGD (93 eyes), and Best disease (33 eyes) with good-quality, enhanced-depth spectral domain optical coherence tomography scans. Comprehensive ophthalmic examination data were collected...
August 17, 2016: Seminars in Ophthalmology
Ryan Eid, Ashok Raj, Darren Farber, Vinay Puri, Salvatore Bertolone
Spinal cord infarction (SCI) is extremely rare in children, and only 2 other reports have described the occurrence of SCI in patients with hemoglobin SC disease (HbSC). Amusement park accidents are serious injuries. Patients with preexisting conditions, such as hypertension, cardiac disease, and recent back or neck injuries, may be at an increased risk. We report the case of a 12-year-old girl with HbSC with a past history of only 2 admissions for pain crises, who presented to the emergency department with symptoms of SCI after riding a roller coaster...
September 2016: Pediatrics
Yao Wang, Zhi-Qing Chen, Wei Wang, Xiao-Yun Fang
Purpose. To investigate the prevalence and characteristics of focal choroidal excavation (FCE) concurrent with central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) using multimodal imaging. Methods. This was a retrospective single-institution study. Clinical features and multimodal imaging findings were analyzed in eyes with CSC and FCEs, using imaging methods including optical coherence tomography (OCT), OCT angiography (OCTA), fluorescein angiography (FA), indocyanine green angiography (ICGA), fundus autofluorescence (FAF), and multispectral imaging...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
Yi-Chi Peng, Fwu-LinYang, Yi-Maun Subeq, Chin-Chieh Tien, Ru-Ping Lee
BACKGROUND: The freshwater clam (Corbicula fluminea) is a widely consumed functional food in Asia and is traditionally used to improve health and either prevent or treat inflammation-related diseases. Numerous studies have proposed that freshwater clams act to prevent and attenuate inflammatory responses, and also serve as a possible inhibitor to systemic inflammation. However, there is limited information available about the effects of freshwater clams on wound healing. RESULTS: The present study investigated the influence of freshwater clam extract (FCE) on wound healing and inflammatory responses in a cutaneous incision model...
March 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
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