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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224365/evaluation-of-genotoxic-and-modulatory-effects-of-nyctanthes-arbor-tristis-calyx-extract-and-the-isolated-crocin-in-ames-assay
#1
Neha Pawar, Shital Panchal, Dhananjay Kawle, Chhaya Gadgoli, Girish Maru
Flowers of the plant Nyctanthes arbor-tristis (NAT) are widely used in the traditional medicinal systems of several Asian countries. In the present study, potential genotoxicity and modulatory effects of ethanolic extract of NAT flower calyx (NAT FCE) and crocin, a carotenoid principle were evaluated employing standard Salmonella assay. Experiments evaluating the genotoxic potential of NAT FCE and crocin, with and without the S9-activation in TA 98, TA 100 and TA 102 showed a lack of increase in revertant mutants...
December 11, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209087/quantitative-trait-loci-mapping-for-feed-conversion-efficiency-in-crucian-carp-carassius-auratus
#2
Meixia Pang, Beide Fu, Xiaomu Yu, Haiyang Liu, Xinhua Wang, Zhan Yin, Shouqi Xie, Jingou Tong
QTL is a chromosomal region including single gene or gene clusters that determine a quantitative trait. While feed efficiency is highly important in aquaculture fish, little genetic and genomic progresses have been made for this trait. In this study, we constructed a high-resolution genetic linkage map in a full-sib F1 family of crucian carp (Carassius auratus) consisting of 113 progenies with 8,460 SNP markers assigning onto 50 linkage groups (LGs). This genetic map spanned 4,047.824 cM (0.478 cM/marker) and covered 98...
December 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201211/effects-of-freshwater-clam-extract-on-fracture-induced-inflammation-at-early-stage
#3
Kuang-Ting Yeh, Wen-Tien Wu, Yi-Maun Subeq, Chi-Chien Niu, Kuang-Wen Liao, Ing-Ho Chen, Ru-Ping Lee
The inflammatory process after traumatic fracture and soft tissue injury includes release of inflammatory cytokines and activated polymorph nuclear cells (PMN) that can cause subsequent affected limbs delayed healing and vital organ complications. Analgesics have good effect on relief of the symptom but may cause further burden for hepatic and renal metabolism. Freshwater clam extract (FCE) has been demonstrated to suppress the release of the pro-inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor-α production after hemorrhagic shock, and decrease the level of liver injury marker in rats...
November 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166114/communication-recovering-the-flat-plane-condition-in-electronic-structure-theory-at-semi-local-dft-cost
#4
Akash Bajaj, Jon Paul Janet, Heather J Kulik
The flat-plane condition is the union of two exact constraints in electronic structure theory: (i) energetic piecewise linearity with fractional electron removal or addition and (ii) invariant energetics with change in electron spin in a half filled orbital. Semi-local density functional theory (DFT) fails to recover the flat plane, exhibiting convex fractional charge errors (FCE) and concave fractional spin errors (FSE) that are related to delocalization and static correlation errors. We previously showed that DFT+U eliminates FCE but now demonstrate that, like other widely employed corrections (i...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142422/chemotaxonomic-diversity-of-three-ficus-species-their-discrimination-using-chemometric-analysis-and-their-role-in-combating-oxidative-stress
#5
Nawal Al-Musayeib, Sherif S Ebada, Haidy A Gad, Fadia S Youssef, Mohamed Lotfy Ashour
Background: Genus Ficus (Moraceae) constitutes more than 850 species and about 2000 varieties and it acts as a golden mine that could afford effective and safe remedies combating many health disorders. Objectives: Discrimination of Ficus cordata, Ficus ingens, and Ficus palmata using chemometric analysis and assessment of their role in combating oxidative stress. Materials and Methods: Phytochemical profiling of the methanol extracts of the three Ficus species and their successive fractions was performed using high-performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization mass spectrometry...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123542/effects-of-diet-and-genetics-on-growth-performance-of-pigs-in-response-to-repeated-exposure-to-heat-stress
#6
Wendy M Rauw, E Johana Mayorga, Soi Meng Lei, Jack C M Dekkers, John F Patience, Nicholas K Gabler, Steven M Lonergan, Lance H Baumgard
Heat stress (HS) is one of the costliest issues in the U.S. pork industry. Aims of the present study were to determine the consequences of repeated exposure to HS on growth performance, and the effects of a high fiber diet, the genetic potential for high lean tissue accretion, and the genetic potential for residual feed intake (RFI) on resilience to HS. Barrows (n = 97) from three genetic lines (commercial, high RFI, low RFI) where subjected three times to a 4-day HS treatment (HS1, HS2, and HS3) which was preceded by a 9-day neutral (TN) adaptation period (TN1) and alternated by 7-day periods of neutral temperatures (TN2, TN3, and TN4)...
2017: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094284/predictive-value-of-the-fear-avoidance-model-on-functional-capacity-evaluation
#7
Johanne Tüscher, Cyrille Burrus, Philippe Vuistiner, Bertrand Léger, Gilles Rivier, François Luthi
Purpose Measuring the predictive value of the Fear-Avoidance Model (FAM) on lifting tasks in Functional Capacity Evaluation (FCE), and on reasons for stopping the evaluation (safe maximal effort, versus self-limited). Methods A monocentric prospective study was conducted on 298 consecutive inpatients. Components of the FAM were analyzed using the Cumulative Psychosocial Factor Index (CPFI: kinesiophobia, catastrophizing, depressive mood) and perceived disability (Hand/Spinal Function Sort: HFS/SFS). Floor-to-waist, waist-to-overhead and dominant-hand lifting tests were measured according to the FCE guidelines...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058420/exploration-of-biological-markers-of-feed-efficiency-in-young-bulls
#8
Sarah J Meale, Diego P Morgavi, Isabelle Cassar-Malek, Donato Andueza, Isabelle Ortigues-Marty, Richard J Robins, Anne-Marie Schiphorst, Sophie Laverroux, Benoit Graulet, Hamid Boudra, Gonzalo Cantalapiedra-Hijar
The efficiency with which ruminants convert feed to desirable products is difficult to measure under normal commercial settings. We explored the use of potential biological markers from easily obtainable samples, that is, blood, hair, and feces, to characterize potential causes of divergent efficiency when considered as residual feed intake (RFI) or feed conversion efficiency (FCE). A total of 54 Charolais bulls, 20 in period 1 and 34 in period 2, were examined for individual dry matter intake (DMI) and growth...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045812/facial-emotion-perception-in-patients-with-epilepsy-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Michelle Edwards, Elizabeth Stewart, Romina Palermo, Suncica Lah
Facial emotion perception is a fundamental social competency relying on a specialised, yet distributed, neural network. This review aimed to determine whether patients with epilepsy have facial emotion perception accuracy impairments overall, or for a subset of emotions (anger, disgust, happiness, sadness, fear, and surprise), and the relationship to epilepsy type, demographic/treatment variables, and brain organisation. Database searches used PRISMA guidelines with strict inclusion/exclusion criteria. Thirty included studies assessed patients with temporal lobe (TLE; n=709), frontocentral (FCE; n=22), and genetic generalised (GGE; n=48) epilepsy...
October 16, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036861/task-intensity-influences-upper-limb-and-torso-kinematics-during-two-common-overhead-functional-capacity-evaluation-tasks
#10
Angelica E Lang, Clark R Dickerson
BACKGROUND: The Functional Capacity Evaluation (FCE) is a tool used in the return-to-work process to guide treatment and decision making. Individual abilities and maximum capacity can be determined through visual observations of changes in mechanics as intensity increases. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine kinematic differences between sexes and intensity levels of two common FCE tasks to establish normative behaviours. METHODS: Upper limb and torso kinematics were collected from 30 participants as they performed the overhead lift and overhead work FCE tasks...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988355/updating-the-evidence-on-functional-capacity-evaluation-methods-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Stijn De Baets, Patrick Calders, Noortje Schalley, Katrien Vermeulen, Sofie Vertriest, Lien Van Peteghem, Marieke Coussens, Fransiska Malfait, Guy Vanderstraeten, Geert Van Hove, Dominique Van de Velde
Objectives To synthesize the evidence on the psychometrics functional capacity evaluation (FCE) methods. Methods A systematic literature search in nine databases. The resulting articles were screened based on predefined in- and exclusion criteria. Two reviewers independently performed this screening. Included studies were appraised based on their methodological quality. Results The search resulted in 20 eligible studies about nine different FCE methods. The Baltimore Therapeutic Equipment work simulator showed a moderate predictive validity...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932940/repeatability-and-safety-of-the-functional-capacity-evaluation-one-handed-for-individuals-with-upper-limb-reduction-deficiency-and-amputation
#12
S G Postema, R M Bongers, C K Van der Sluis, M F Reneman
Purpose To assess repeatability and safety of the functional capacity evaluation-one-handed (FCE-OH), a FCE-OH individuals, consisting of eight items. Method The FCE-OH protocol was administered twice to 23 individuals with upper limb absence (87% male; median age 46 years; median 2 days between sessions). To examine repeatability, test-retest reliability and agreement were assessed with the intraclass correlations coefficient (ICC) and limits of agreement (LoA), respectively. Reliability was considered acceptable when ICC-values were ≥0...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911904/functional-characterization-of-candidate-antigens-of-hyalomma-anatolicum-and-evaluation-of-its-cross-protective-efficacy-against-rhipicephalus-microplus
#13
Binod Kumar, H V Manjunathachar, Gaurav Nagar, G Ravikumar, José de la Fuente, B C Saravanan, Srikant Ghosh
Hyalomma anatolicum and Rhipicephalus microplus seriously affect dairy animals and immunization of host is considered as a sustainable option for the management of the tick species. Identification and validation of protective molecules are the major challenges in developing a cross-protective vaccine. The subolesin (SUB), calreticulin (CRT) and cathepsin L-like cysteine proteinase (CathL) genes of H. anatolicum were cloned, sequenced and analysed for sequence homology. Both Ha-SUB and Ha-CRT genes showed very high level of homogeneity within the species (97...
September 11, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812825/evaluating-global-health-partnerships-a-case-study-of-a-gavi-hpv-vaccine-application-process-in-uganda
#14
Carol Kamya, Jessica Shearer, Gilbert Asiimwe, Emily Carnahan, Nicole Salisbury, Peter Waiswa, Jennifer Brinkerhoff, Dai Hozumi
BACKGROUND: Global health partnerships have grown rapidly in number and scope, yet there has been less emphasis on their evaluation. Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance, is one such public-private partnership; in Gavi-eligible countries partnerships are dynamic networks of immunization actors who work together to support all stages and aspects of Gavi support. This paper describes a conceptual framework - the partnership framework - and analytic approach for evaluating the perceptions of partnerships' added value as well as the results from an application to one case in Uganda...
October 26, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806214/choroidal-nevi-with-focal-choroidal-excavation-and-polypoidal-choroidal-neovascularization
#15
Daniel Simhaee, Rosa Dolz-Marco, K Bailey Freund
PURPOSE: To report two cases of choroidal nevi associated with focal choroidal excavation (FCE) and polypoidal choroidal neovascularization (PCN). METHODS: Report of two patients with choroidal nevi showing FCE and PCN who underwent multimodal imaging including color fundus photography, fluorescein angiography, indocyanine green angiography, fundus autofluorescence, spectral domain optical coherence tomography, swept-source optical coherence tomography, and optical coherence tomography angiography...
August 10, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800018/the-expanding-clinical-spectrum-of-choroidal-excavation-in-macular-dystrophies
#16
Maurizio Battaglia Parodi, Giuseppe Casalino, Pierluigi Iacono, Ugo Introini, Tatevik Adamyan, Francesco Bandello
PURPOSE: To assess the prevalence and the clinical course of focal choroidal excavation (FCE) in patients affected by macular dystrophies. METHODS: Prospective case series. All the patients underwent a complete ophthalmologic examination, including best-corrected visual acuity and spectral domain optical coherence tomography. The presence of choroidal neovascularization (CNV) was assessed on the basis of the leakage detected on fluorescein angiography. RESULTS: A total of 162 eyes from 81 patients with macular dystrophy were included in the study...
August 9, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759867/fuzzy-comprehensive-evaluation-of-multiple-environmental-factors-for-swine-building-assessment-and-control
#17
Qiuju Xie, Ji-Qin Ni, Zhongbin Su
In confined swine buildings, temperature, humidity, and air quality are all important for animal health and productivity. However, the current swine building environmental control is only based on temperature; and evaluation and control methods based on multiple environmental factors are needed. In this paper, fuzzy comprehensive evaluation (FCE) theory was adopted for multi-factor assessment of environmental quality in two commercial swine buildings using real measurement data. An assessment index system and membership functions were established; and predetermined weights were given using analytic hierarchy process (AHP) combined with knowledge of experts...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740505/object-extraction-in-cluttered-environments-via-a-p300-based-ifce
#18
Xiaoqian Mao, Wei Li, Huidong He, Bin Xian, Ming Zeng, Huihui Zhou, Linwei Niu, Genshe Chen
One of the fundamental issues for robot navigation is to extract an object of interest from an image. The biggest challenges for extracting objects of interest are how to use a machine to model the objects in which a human is interested and extract them quickly and reliably under varying illumination conditions. This article develops a novel method for segmenting an object of interest in a cluttered environment by combining a P300-based brain computer interface (BCI) and an improved fuzzy color extractor (IFCE)...
2017: Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731055/choroidal-excavation-in-choroidal-osteoma-complicated-by-choroidal-neovascularization
#19
L Pierro, A Marchese, M Gagliardi, U Introini, M Battaglia Parodi, G Casalino, F Bandello
PurposeTo describe multimodal imaging features of choroidal osteoma (CO) complicated by choroidal neovascularization (CNV) and focal choroidal excavation (FCE).MethodsPatients presenting with CO and CNV between January and October 2016 were considered for this study. Diagnosis of CO was confirmed by ultrasound examination. All patients underwent multimodal imaging including optical coherence tomography (OCT), swept-source OCT angiography (DRI OCT Triton, Topcon, Inc., Tokyo, Japan) and fluorescein angiography (Spectralis HRA+OCT; Heidelberg Engineering, Heidelberg, Germany)...
July 21, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725175/how-different-eeg-references-influence-sensor-level-functional-connectivity-graphs
#20
Yunzhi Huang, Junpeng Zhang, Yuan Cui, Gang Yang, Ling He, Qi Liu, Guangfu Yin
Highlights: Hamming Distance is applied to distinguish the difference of functional connectivity networkThe orientations of sources are testified to influence the scalp Functional Connectivity Graph (FCG) from different references significantlyREST, the reference electrode standardization technique, is proved to have an overall stable and excellent performance in variable situations. The choice of an electroencephalograph (EEG) reference is a practical issue for the study of brain functional connectivity. To study how EEG reference influence functional connectivity estimation (FCE), this study compares the differences of FCE resulting from the different references such as REST (the reference electrode standardization technique), average reference (AR), linked mastoids (LM), and left mastoid references (LR)...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
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