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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29802582/functional-capacity-evaluation-in-different-societal-contexts-results-of-a-multicountry-study
#1
Jone Ansuategui Echeita, Matthias Bethge, Berry J van Holland, Douglas P Gross, Jan Kool, Peter Oesch, Maurizio A Trippolini, Elizabeth Chapman, Andy S K Cheng, Robert Sellars, Megan Spavins, Marco Streibelt, Peter van der Wurff, Michiel F Reneman
Purpose To examine factors associated with Functional Capacity Evaluation (FCE) results in patients with painful musculoskeletal conditions, with focus on social factors across multiple countries. Methods International cross-sectional study was performed within care as usual. Simple and multiple multilevel linear regression analyses which considered measurement's dependency within clinicians and country were conducted: FCE characteristics and biopsychosocial variables from patients and clinicians as independent variables; and FCE results (floor-to-waist lift, six-minute walk, and handgrip strength) as dependent variables...
May 25, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792927/bacillus-subtilis-as-probiotic-candidate-for-red-sea-bream-growth-performance-oxidative-status-and-immune-response-traits
#2
Amr I Zaineldin, Sayed Hegazi, Shunsuke Koshio, Manabu Ishikawa, Abdulnasser Bakr, Abeer M S El-Keredy, Mahmoud A O Dawood, Serge Dossou, Weilong Wang, Zhang Yukun
The effects of dietary administration of Bacillus subtilis on the growth, digestive enzyme activity, blood chemistry, oxidative status and immune response of red sea bream (Pagrus major) were evaluated in the current study. Fish fed five different levels of B. subtilis at 0 (BS0), 1 × 104 (BS1), 1 × 106 (BS2), 1 × 108 (BS3) and 1 × 1010 (BS4) CFU kg-1 diet for 60 days. The obtained results showed that B. subtilis supplementation significantly improved growth performance (FBW, WG and SGR), feed utilization (FI, FCE, PER and PG) and whole-body protein content when compared to the control group (P < 0...
May 21, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789988/growth-performance-blood-parameters-carcass-characteristics-and-meat-quality-traits-in-potchefstroom-koekoek-chickens-fed-lippia-javanica-leaf-meal
#3
T B Matshogo, V Mlambo, U Marume, N Sebola
Lippia javanica leaves may have nutraceutical bioactivity and thus could be a viable alternative to antibiotic growth promoters in poultry diets. To test this hypothesis, a feeding trial was carried out to determine the effects of dietary inclusion of Lippia javanica leaf meal (LJ) on growth performance, blood parameters, carcass characteristics and meat quality of indigenous Potchefstroom Koekoek (PK) chickens. The leaf meal was used to dilute a commercial chicken grower diet at a rate of 25 or 50 g/kg diet...
May 22, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785689/the-impact-of-hospital-costing-methods-on-cost-effectiveness-analysis-a-case-study
#4
José Leal, Stefania Manetti, James Buchanan
BACKGROUND: Several methods exist to cost hospital contacts when estimating the cost effectiveness of a new intervention. However, the implications of choosing a particular approach remain unclear. We compare the use of the three main diagnosis-related group (DRG)-based national unit costs in England to determine whether choice of approach can impact on economic evaluation results. METHODS: A cost-utility model was developed to compare secondary fracture prevention models of care for hip fracture patients, using data from large primary and hospital care administrative datasets in England...
May 22, 2018: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784330/risk-assessment-model-for-different-foodstuff-drying-methods-via-ahp-fce-method-a-case-study-of-coal-burning-fluorosis-area-of-yunan-and-guizhou-province-china
#5
Haixia Pu, Kunli Luo, Shixi Zhang
Fluorosis is still a serious public health problem in China according to our field investigation. Current foodstuff drying methods were studied to evaluate the state of foodstuff contamination, including burning mixed coal (MC)/coal washing wastes (CWWs)/lump coal (LC)/fuelwood/fine coal + fixing materials (FCFM)/CWWs + fixing materials (CFM) in open stove (OS), honeycomb briquettes (HB) in improved stove (IS), sun-drying. The results demonstrate that elemental contents of F, As, Cd, Cr and Pb in roasted grain were 1...
October 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736097/the-ratio-of-unesterified-esterified-cholesterol-is-the-major-determinant-of-atherogenicity-of-lipoprotein-fractions
#6
Babak Bagheri, Asal Alikhani, Hossein Mokhtari, Mehdi Rasouli
Background: The hypothesis is proposed that the atherogenicity of lipoporotein fractions is correlated with the content of unesterified cholesterol. Objectives: To evaluate the role and prognostic values of unesterified and esterified cholesterol in lipoprotein fractions for coronary artery disease (CAD). Design and methods: The study population consisted of 400 patients who were divided to CAD controls and cases according to the data of coronary angiography...
April 2018: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538345/transcriptomic-profiles-of-brain-provide-insights-into-molecular-mechanism-of-feed-conversion-efficiency-in-crucian-carp-carassius-auratus
#7
Meixia Pang, Weiwei Luo, Beide Fu, Xiaomu Yu, Ying Zhou, Jingou Tong
Feed efficiency is an economically crucial trait for cultured animals, however, progress has been scarcely made in the genetic analyses of feed conversion efficiency (FCE) in fish because of the difficulties in measurement of trait phenotypes. In the present investigation, we present the first application of RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) combined with differentially expressed genes (DEGs) analysis for identification of functional determinants related to FCE at the gene level in an aquaculture fish, crucian carp ( Carassius auratus )...
March 14, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521595/association-between-social-factors-and-performance-during-functional-capacity-evaluations-a-systematic-review
#8
Jone Ansuategui Echeita, Berry J van Holland, Douglas P Gross, Jan Kool, Peter Oesch, Maurizio A Trippolini, Michiel F Reneman
PURPOSE: Determine the association of different social factors with Functional Capacity Evaluation (FCE) performance in adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed in MEDLINE, CINAHL, and PsycINFO electronic databases. Studies were eligible if they studied social factor's association with the performance of adults undergoing FCE. Studies were assessed on methodological quality and quality of evidence. The review was performed using best-evidence synthesis methods...
March 9, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497066/fat-accretion-measurements-strengthen-the-relationship-between-feed-conversion-efficiency-and-nitrogen-isotopic-discrimination-while-rumen-microbial-genes-contribute-little
#9
Sarah J Meale, Marc D Auffret, Mick Watson, Diego P Morgavi, Gonzalo Cantalapiedra-Hijar, Carol-Anne Duthie, Rainer Roehe, Richard J Dewhurst
The use of biomarkers for feed conversion efficiency (FCE), such as Nitrogen isotopic discrimination (Δ15 N), facilitates easier measurement and may be useful in breeding strategies. However, we need to better understand the relationship between FCE and Δ15 N, particularly the effects of differences in the composition of liveweight gain and rumen N metabolism. Alongside measurements of FCE and Δ15 N, we estimated changes in body composition and used dietary treatments with and without nitrates, and rumen metagenomics to explore these effects...
March 1, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490528/persistent-influence-of-a-narrative-educational-program-on-physician-attitudes-regarding-patient-care
#10
Jennifer N Stojan, Eleanor Y Sun, Arno K Kumagai
PURPOSE: Educational approaches involving patient stories aim at enhancing empathy and patient-centered care; however, it is not known whether the influence of such programs on physician attitudes persists beyond medical school. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Family Centered Experience (FCE) paired preclinical medical students with patient families over two years and engaged students in reflective dialogs about the volunteers' stories. This study examined possible long-term influences on attitudes toward medicine and doctoring...
February 28, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468409/performance-of-arsi-bale-sheep-fed-urea-treated-maize-cob-as-basal-diet-and-supplemented-with-graded-levels-of-concentrate-mixture
#11
Tesfaye Negewo, Solomon Melaku, Bimrew Asmare, Adugna Tolera
The experiment was conducted using 20 yearling intact male Arsi-Bale sheep with a mean body weight of 20.56 ± 0.45 (mean ± SD) to investigate the performance and economic benefit of graded levels of concentrate supplementation to urea-treated maize cob (UTMC)-based diet. The experiment consisted of 7 days of digestibility trial and subsequent 90 days of feeding trial. Before the commencement of the experiment, sheep were vaccinated against common infectious diseases, dewormed, and disinfected against internal and external parasites, respectively...
February 21, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439843/development-and-reliability-of-the-rating-of-compensatory-movements-in-upper-limb-prosthesis-wearers-during-work-related-tasks
#12
Tallie M J van der Laan, Sietke G Postema, Michiel F Reneman, Raoul M Bongers, Corry K van der Sluis
STUDY DESIGN: Reliability study. INTRODUCTION: Quantifying compensatory movements during work-related tasks may help to prevent musculoskeletal complaints in individuals with upper limb absence. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: (1) To develop a qualitative scoring system for rating compensatory shoulder and trunk movements in upper limb prosthesis wearers during the performance of functional capacity evaluation tests adjusted for use by 1-handed individuals (functional capacity evaluation-one handed [FCE-OH]); (2) to examine the interrater and intrarater reliability of the scoring system; and (3) to assess its feasibility...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428696/an-actionable-test-using-loss-of-heterozygosity-in-identifying-high-risk-oral-premalignant-lesions
#13
Kelly Y P Liu, X J David Lu, Yi-Shing L Cheng, Hagen Klieb, Samson Ng, Kelly McNeil, Aly Karsan, Catherine F Poh
OBJECTIVES: To develop an actionable test using fluorescence capillary electrophoresis (FCE) to assess loss of heterozygosity (LOH) of histologically similar low-grade lesions (LGLs) to identify high-risk lesions for oral cancer progression. STUDY DESIGN: To determine the cutoffs of LOH, the FCE results of 52 surgical margin samples were used to compare with the existing LOH results from the previously validated 32 P-GE approach. Using the developed FCE workflow, an independent set of 102 LGLs with known progression status was used to determine the LOH molecular risk (MR) patterns and associated risk of progression...
December 18, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428319/characterization-and-functional-correlation-of-multiple-imaging-modalities-with-focal-choroidal-excavation
#14
Yun-Chen Chen, Yu-Bai Chou, Cheng-Kuan Lin, Chia-Chen Tsai, Tsui-Kang Hsu, Yu-Fan Chang, Hsiao-Ming Chao, Tao-Hsin Tung, Shih-Jen Chen, Jorn-Hon Liu
BACKGROUND: To investigate the clinical manifestations and imaging features of near-infrared autofluorescence (NIA), infrared reflectance (IR), fundus autofluorescence (FAF), indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) and fluorescein angiography (FAG) in the detection of patients with focal choroidal excavation (FCE) identified by cross-sectional spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional study included 12 eyes of 10 Taiwanese patients with FCE diagnosed by SD-OCT...
May 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401178/decision-making-data-expectations-for-reproducibility-of-lifting-on-separate-days
#15
Marcie C Swift, Robert Townsend, Douglas W Edwards, Janice K Loudon
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the difference in maximal lifting capability between 2 modes of lifting (traditional crate and XRTS Lever Arm) over multiple days. The differences in absolute strength values were compared with existing criteria for sincere effort during distraction-based lifting. In addition, rate of perceived exertion (RPE) is presented for the 2 modes of lifting on each day. PRIMARY PRACTICE SETTING: Workers' compensation. METHODOLOGY AND SAMPLE: Forty-four subjects between the ages of 20 and 44 years participated in this study...
February 2, 2018: Professional Case Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385665/improving-the-microbial-safety-of-fresh-cut-endive-with-a-combined-treatment-of-cinnamon-leaf-oil-emulsion-containing-cationic-surfactants-and-ultrasound
#16
Jun-Beom Park, Ji-Hoon Kang, Kyung Bin Song
Endive is widely consumed in a fresh-cut form owing to its rich nutritional content. However, fresh-cut vegetables are susceptible to contamination by pathogenic bacteria. This study investigated the antibacterial activities of the combined treatment of cinnamon leaf oil emulsion containing cetylpyridinium chloride or benzalkonium chloride (CLC and CLB, respectively) as a cationic surfactant and ultrasound (US) against Listeria monocytogenes and Escherichia coli O157:H7 on endive. The combined treatment of CLC or CLB with US reduced the population of L...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355128/the-effect-of-load-on-biomechanics-of-the-back-and-upper-limb-in-a-bench-to-shoulder-lift-during-the-workhab-functional-capacity-evaluation
#17
Nathanael West, Suzanne J Snodgrass, Carole James
BACKGROUND: Limited literature exists investigating biomechanical changes during a Functional Capacity Evaluation (FCE). OBJECTIVE: To determine change in joint angle measurement between minimum load to safe maximum load in the bench to shoulder lift of the WorkHab FCE. METHODS: Dartfish ProSuite was used to analyse bench to shoulder lift video from 28 subjects. Measurements of joint angle at lumbar spine, thoracic spine, elbow and shoulder at four points in the ascending and descending lift phases (0/3, 1/3, 2/3, 3/3) in the minimum load and safe maximum lift were collected...
2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224365/evaluation-of-genotoxic-and-modulatory-effects-of-nyctanthes-arbor-tristis-calyx-extract-and-the-isolated-crocin-in-ames-assay
#18
Neha Pawar, Shital Panchal, Dhananjay Kawle, Chhaya Gadgoli, Girish Maru
Flowers of the plant Nyctanthes arbor-tristis (NAT) are widely used in the traditional medicinal systems of several Asian countries. In the present study, potential genotoxicity and modulatory effects of ethanolic extract of NAT flower calyx (NAT FCE) and crocin, a carotenoid principle were evaluated employing standard Salmonella assay. Experiments evaluating the genotoxic potential of NAT FCE and crocin, with and without the S9-activation in TA 98, TA 100 and TA 102 showed a lack of increase in revertant mutants...
December 11, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209087/quantitative-trait-loci-mapping-for-feed-conversion-efficiency-in-crucian-carp-carassius-auratus
#19
Meixia Pang, Beide Fu, Xiaomu Yu, Haiyang Liu, Xinhua Wang, Zhan Yin, Shouqi Xie, Jingou Tong
QTL is a chromosomal region including single gene or gene clusters that determine a quantitative trait. While feed efficiency is highly important in aquaculture fish, little genetic and genomic progresses have been made for this trait. In this study, we constructed a high-resolution genetic linkage map in a full-sib F1 family of crucian carp (Carassius auratus) consisting of 113 progenies with 8,460 SNP markers assigning onto 50 linkage groups (LGs). This genetic map spanned 4,047.824 cM (0.478 cM/marker) and covered 98...
December 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201211/effects-of-freshwater-clam-extract-on-fracture-induced-inflammation-at-early-stage
#20
Kuang-Ting Yeh, Wen-Tien Wu, Yi-Maun Subeq, Chi-Chien Niu, Kuang-Wen Liao, Ing-Ho Chen, Ru-Ping Lee
The inflammatory process after traumatic fracture and soft tissue injury includes release of inflammatory cytokines and activated polymorph nuclear cells (PMN) that can cause subsequent affected limbs delayed healing and vital organ complications. Analgesics have good effect on relief of the symptom but may cause further burden for hepatic and renal metabolism. Freshwater clam extract (FCE) has been demonstrated to suppress the release of the pro-inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor-α production after hemorrhagic shock, and decrease the level of liver injury marker in rats...
November 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
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