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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221076/lorraine-williams-greene-1950-2016
#1
Guy Seymour, Adrienne Bradford
Presents an obituary for Lorraine Williams Greene who died on February 25, 2016. Lorraine started her professional career as a school psychologist for the Atlanta Public Schools. For the rest of her life, she was involved in her community through her church, her sorority, the Coalition of One Hundred Black Women, and other national and local service organizations. Within the American Psychological Association (APA), Lorraine was active in Division 18, Psychologists in Public Service, first as Chair of the Police and Public Safety Section, then as the division's representative to APA Council, and, in 2016, as President-elect of the Division...
February 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220086/students-wearing-police-uniforms-exhibit-biased-attention-toward-individuals-wearing-hoodies
#2
Ciro Civile, Sukhvinder S Obhi
Police provide an essential public service and they often operate in difficult circumstances, requiring high-speed cognition. Recent incidents involving apparent profiling and aggressive behavior have led to accusations that the police are sometimes biased. Given that previous research has shown a link between clothing and cognition, we investigated the question of whether the police uniform itself might induce a bias in social attention. To address this question, and using a Canadian university student sample, we assessed whether wearing a police uniform biases attention toward black faces compared to white faces, and low-status individuals compared to high-status individuals...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219471/a-descriptive-analysis-of-tactical-casualty-care-interventions-performed-by-law-enforcement-personnel-in-the-state-of-wisconsin-2010-2015
#3
Chad M Stiles, Christopher Cook, Matthew D Sztajnkrycer
: Introduction Based upon military experience, law enforcement has developed guidelines for medical care during high-threat conditions. The purpose of the current study was to provide a descriptive analysis of reported outcomes of law enforcement medical interventions. METHODS: This was a descriptive analysis of a convenience sample of cases submitted to the Wisconsin Tactical Medicine Initiative (Wisconsin USA), after the provision of successful patient care, between January 2010 and December 2015...
February 21, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217602/health-worker-posting-and-transfer-at-primary-level-in-tamil-nadu-governance-of-a-complex-health-system-function
#4
Surekha Garimella, Kabir Sheikh
BACKGROUND: Posting and transfer (PT) of health personnel - placing the right health workers in the right place at the right time - is a core function of any large-scale health service. In the context of government health services, this may be seen as a simple process of bureaucratic governance and implementation of the rule of law. However the literature from India and comparable low and middle-income country health systems suggests that in reality PT is a contested domain, driven by varied expressions of private and public interest throughout the chain of implementation...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216766/forensic-psychiatry-in-india-past-present-and-future
#5
REVIEW
S Nambi, Siva Ilango, Lakshmi Prabha
Forensic psychiatry is a subspecialty of psychiatry, in which scientific and clinical expertise is applied to legal issues in legal contexts embracing civil, criminal, correctional, or legislative matters. Forensic psychiatry is still in an infant stage in India and other developing countries. Law is the sanctioning discipline, and Psychiatry is the therapeutic discipline. Due to various reasons, Forensic Psychiatry is reared as Cinderella in our country; "which is much neglected, ignored, misinterpreted, and misunderstood...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213396/fear-by-association-perceptions-of-anti-immigrant-policy-and-health-outcomes
#6
Edward D Vargas, Gabriel R Sanchez, Melina Juárez
The United States is experiencing a renewed period of immigration and immigrant policy activity as well as heightened enforcement of such policies. This intensified activity can affect various aspects of immigrant health, including mental health. We use the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation 2015 Latino National Health and Immigration Survey (n = 1,493) to examine the relationship between immigration and immigrant policy and Latino health and well-being. We estimate a series of categorical regression models and find that there are negative health consequences associated with Latinos' perceptions of living in states with unfavorable anti-immigration laws, including reporting poor health and problems with mental health...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206885/guideline-on-oral-and-dental-aspects-of-child-abuse-and-neglect
#7
(no author information available yet)
In all 50 states, physicians and dentists are required to report suspected cases of abuse and neglect to social service or law enforcement agencies. The purpose of this report is to review the oral and dental aspects of physical and sexual abuse and dental neglect and the role of physicians and dentists in evaluating such conditions. This report addresses the evaluation of bite marks as well as perioral and intraoral injuries, infections, and diseases that may be suspicious for child abuse or neglect. Physicians receive minimal training in oral health and dental injury and disease and, thus, may not detect dental aspects of abuse or neglect as readily as they do child abuse and neglect involving other areas of the body...
October 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206785/relationships-among-traumatic-experiences-ptsd-and-posttraumatic-growth-for-police-officers-a-path-analysis
#8
Brian A Chopko, Patrick A Palmieri, Richard E Adams
OBJECTIVE: Law enforcement officers tend to be exposed to a high frequency of potentially traumatic incidents. A dichotomous distinction among these events involves the witnessing of threat or harm to others and the experiencing of threat or harm directly to oneself. Past research suggests that different types of trauma exposure produce varying levels of negative posttraumatic responses including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and positive outcomes such as posttraumatic growth (PTG)...
February 16, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190670/assessing-the-concordance-between-illicit-drug-laws-on-the-books-and-drug-law-enforcement-comparison-of-three-states-on-the-continuum-from-decriminalised-to-punitive
#9
Vendula Belackova, Alison Ritter, Marian Shanahan, Caitlin E Hughes
BACKGROUND: Variations in drug laws, as well as variations in enforcement practice, exist across jurisdictions. This study explored the feasibility of categorising drug laws "on the books" in terms of their punitiveness, and the extent of their concordance with "laws in practice" in a cross-national comparison. METHODS: "Laws on the books", classified with respect to both cannabis and other drug offences in the Czech Republic, NSW (AU) and Florida (USA) were analysed in order to establish an ordinal relationship between the three states...
February 9, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178953/human-rights-violations-in-organ-procurement-practice-in-china
#10
Norbert W Paul, Arthur Caplan, Michael E Shapiro, Charl Els, Kirk C Allison, Huige Li
BACKGROUND: Over 90% of the organs transplanted in China before 2010 were procured from prisoners. Although Chinese officials announced in December 2014 that the country would completely cease using organs harvested from prisoners, no regulatory adjustments or changes in China's organ donation laws followed. As a result, the use of prisoner organs remains legal in China if consent is obtained. DISCUSSION: We have collected and analysed available evidence on human rights violations in the organ procurement practice in China...
February 8, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177847/the-forensic-application-of-dna-barcoding-for-identification-of-illegally-traded-african-pangolin-scales
#11
Monica Mwale, Desire Lee Dalton, Raymond Jansen, Marli Roelofse, Darren William Pietersen, Prudent Sankwetea Mokgokong, Antoinette Kotze
The escalating growth in illegal wildlife trade (IWT) and anthropogenic habitat changes threaten the survival of pangolin species globally. All eight extant species have experienced drastic population size reductions globally with high extinction risk in Asia. Consequently, forensic services have become critical for law enforcement of IWT, with a need for standardised and validated genetic identification methods. The seizure of three tonnes of pangolin scales, originating from Africa, by the Hong Kong Customs Authority provided an opportunity for the forensic application of DNA barcoding for identification...
October 27, 2016: Genome Génome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173985/improving-research-on-drug-law-enforcement
#12
Jonathan P Caulkins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 4, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173685/tobacco-use-among-students-aged-13-15-years-in-south-korea-the-2013-global-youth-tobacco-survey
#13
Sunhye Choi, Yoonjung Kim, Jihye Lee, Mina Kashiwabara, Kyungwon Oh
Objectives: We examined the prevalence of tobacco use and exposure to secondhand smoke among middle-school students in Korea using the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) in 2013. Methods: The GYTS in Korea was conducted between July and August 2013 by the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Data were collected using a self-administered anonymous questionnaire from a nationally representative sample of middle-school students aged 13-15 years in sampled classrooms...
January 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171817/public-attitudes-towards-alcohol-control-policies-in-scotland-and-england-results-from-a-mixed-methods-study
#14
Jessica Li, Melanie Lovatt, Douglas Eadie, Fiona Dobbie, Petra Meier, John Holmes, Gerard Hastings, Anne Marie MacKintosh
The harmful effects of heavy drinking on health have been widely reported, yet public opinion on governmental responsibility for alcohol control remains divided. This study examines UK public attitudes towards alcohol policies, identifies underlying dimensions that inform these, and relationships with perceived effectiveness. A cross-sectional mixed methods study involving a telephone survey of 3477 adult drinkers aged 16-65 and sixteen focus groups with 89 adult drinkers in Scotland and England was conducted between September 2012 and February 2013...
January 25, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169048/creating-a-drug-law-enforcement-research-agenda
#15
Peter Reuter
Drug law enforcement (DLE) research has been poorly funded relative to drug treatment research. The literature is slight in volume and not yet very insightful. Taking the lack of funding to represent a chronic lack of public interest in the effects of DLE, the article offers a set of suggestions for how to create of a stronger DLE research community.
February 3, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168787/commentary-on-mazerolle-et-al-2017-the-tide-has-turned-the-shift-to-international-supply-undermines-novel-and-effective-local-law-enforcement-efforts
#16
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165373/a-profile-of-injuries-sustained-by-law-enforcement-officers-a-critical-review
#17
REVIEW
Kate Lyons, Cameron Radburn, Robin Orr, Rodney Pope
Due to the unpredictable, varied and often physical nature of law enforcement duties, police officers are at a high risk of work-related physical injury. The aim of this critical narrative review was to identify and synthesize key findings of studies that have investigated musculoskeletal injuries sustained by law enforcement officers during occupational tasks. A systematic search of four databases using key search terms was conducted to identify potentially relevant studies, which were assessed against key inclusion and exclusion criteria to determine studies to be included in the review...
February 3, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165152/memory-errors-in-alibi-generation-how-an-alibi-can-turn-against-us
#18
William E Crozier, Deryn Strange, Elizabeth F Loftus
Alibis play a critical role in the criminal justice system. Yet research on the process of alibi generation and evaluation is still nascent. Indeed, similar to other widely investigated psychological phenomena in the legal system - such as false confessions, historical claims of abuse, and eyewitness memory - the basic assumptions underlying alibi generation and evaluation require closer empirical scrutiny. To date, the majority of alibi research investigates the social psychological aspects of the process...
February 6, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159533/guidelines-law-and-governance-disconnects-in-the-global-control-of-airline-associated-infectious-diseases
#19
REVIEW
Andrea Grout, Natasha Howard, Richard Coker, Elizabeth M Speakman
International air travel is increasingly affecting the epidemiology of infectious diseases. A particular public health, economic, and political concern is the role of air travel in bringing infectious passengers or vectors to previously non-endemic areas. Yet, little research has been done to investigate either the infection risks associated with air travel or the empirical evidence for the effectiveness of infection control measures on aircraft and at borders. We briefly review the interface between international and national legislation, policy, and guidelines in the context of existing infection risks and possible scenarios...
January 31, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154816/assistance-dogs-historic-patterns-and-roles-of-dogs-placed-by-adi-or-igdf-accredited-facilities-and-by-non-accredited-u-s-facilities
#20
Sandra Walther, Mariko Yamamoto, Abigail Paige Thigpen, Anaissa Garcia, Neil H Willits, Lynette A Hart
Dogs' roles to support people with disabilities are increasing. Existing U.S. laws and regulations pertaining to the use of dogs for people with disabilities are only minimally enforced. Pushback legislation against some aspects of uses of assistance dogs currently is being passed or proposed in several states. Further, the U.S. Department of the Army and the Veterans' Administration support only dogs trained by an Assistance Dogs International (ADI) or International Guide Dog Federation (IGDF) accredited facility...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
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