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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538628/the-east-s-injury-control-and-violence-prevention-committee-s-annual-distracted-driving-outreach-event-evaluating-attitude-and-behavior-change-in-high-school-students
#1
Lisa Allee, Tracey Dechert, Sowmya R Rao, Marie Crandall, Ashley Christmas, Alexander Eastman, Thomas Duncan, Shannon Foster
BACKGROUND: The National Center for Statistics and Analysis report at least 8 deaths and 1,160 daily injuries due to distracted driving (DD) in the U.S. Drivers under age 20 are most likely to incur a distraction related fatal crash. We aimed to determine short and long term impact of a multi-modal educational program including student developed interventions, simulated driving experiences, and presentations by law enforcement and medical personnel. METHODS: A single day program aimed at teen DD prevention was conducted at a high school targeting students age 15 to 19 years old...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538338/supporting-a-culture-of-evidence-based-policy-federal-funding-for-public-health-law-evaluation-research-1985-2014
#2
Jennifer K Ibrahim, Aaron A Sorensen, Heidi Grunwald, Scott Burris
OBJECTIVE: Law powerfully influences health and can be a critical tool for promoting population well-being. Evaluation research is needed to measure the health effects of law and guide policy making and implementation. The purpose of this study was to assess trends in National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding for scientific public health law research (PHLR). METHODS: Using data from the UberResearch NIH grant repository, we collected and coded all grants with a focus on health law between FY'85 and FY'14 and then analyzed the grants by funding agency and topic areas...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532205/displayed-wounds-encrypted-messages-hyper-realism-and-imagination-in-medical-moulages
#3
Cristiana Bastos
Moulages are three-dimensional colorful replicas of body parts with particular expressions of ailments. Historically, by operating a transition between illness and disease, moulages were a powerful tool in the consolidation of the medical specialty of dermatovenereology. Yet moulages are not solely an objectification of biological processes suitable for medical teaching; they also activate non-medical cognitions and emotions about life, death, behavior and morality that are rooted in the history of the art of wax modeling...
May 22, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531654/seattle-s-law-enforcement-assisted-diversion-lead-program-effects-on-recidivism-outcomes
#4
Susan E Collins, Heather S Lonczak, Seema L Clifasefi
Drug users and dealers frequently cycle through the criminal justice system in what is sometimes referred to as a "revolving door." Arrest, incarceration and prosecution have not deterred this recidivism. Seattle's Law Enforcement Assisted Diversion (LEAD) program was established to divert these individuals to case management and supportive services instead of jail and prosecution. A nonrandomized controlled evaluation was conducted to examine LEAD effects on criminal recidivism (i.e., arrests, criminal charges)...
May 10, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530077/-the-illegal-synthetic-cannabinoid-drug-market-in-israel-evolution-and-new-challenges
#5
Barak Shapira, Alina Poperno, Ronny Berkovitz
This article represents a short review of the current knowledge on the abuse of synthetic cannabinoids from the perspective of the Division of Enforcement and Inspection of the Israeli Ministry of Health - a body in charge of providing professional assistance to law enforcement bodies in the fields of drug abuse. We describe the principal changes observed in the synthetic cannabinoid market and the Israeli legislators' and enforcement bodies' attempts to cope with these phenomena. These changes relate to the types of synthetic cannabinoids being trafficked, with many structural variations between substances, and a new legal framework which allows for the rapid, temporary scheduling of synthetic cannabinoids using both individual and generic definitions...
September 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527100/parents-expectations-of-high-schools-in-firearm-violence-prevention
#6
Erica Payton, Jagdish Khubchandani, Amy Thompson, James H Price
Firearm violence remains a significant problem in the US (with 2787 adolescents killed in 2015). However, the research on school firearm violence prevention practices and policies is scant. Parents are major stakeholders in relation to firearm violence by youths and school safety in general. The purpose of this study was to examine what parents thought schools should be doing to reduce the risk of firearm violence in schools. A valid and reliable questionnaire was mailed to a national random sample of 600 parents who had at least one child enrolled in a public secondary school (response rate = 47%)...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521917/the-global-health-law-trilogy-towards-a-safer-healthier-and-fairer-world
#7
Lawrence O Gostin, Mary Clare DeBartolo, Rebecca Katz
Global health advocates often turn to medicine and science for solutions to enduring health risks, but law is also a powerful tool. No state acting alone can ward off health threats that span borders, requiring international solutions. A trilogy of global health law-the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, International Health Regulations (2005), and Pandemic Influenza Preparedness Framework-strives for a safer, healthier, and fairer world. Yet, these international agreements are not well understood, and contain gaps in scope and enforceability...
May 15, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516849/identification-of-nonfatal-strangulation-by-911-dispatchers-suggestions-for-advances-toward-evidence-based-prosecution
#8
Amy Reckdenwald, Chelsea Nordham, Adam Pritchard, Brielle Francis
Research highlights the need for systematic law enforcement training on nonfatal strangulation in domestic violence situations to improve evidence-based prosecution of these violent felonies. However, most of this research focuses on the role of police officers in the safety response. Although often overlooked, this research examines the role of 911 dispatchers, who are many times the first person the victim calls for assistance. This study examines official domestic violence records, gathered through a partnership with a County Sheriff's agency, to determine whether domestic violence strangulation is being adequately identified and documented by first responders...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515947/the-impact-of-body-armor-on-physical-performance-of-law-enforcement-personnel-a-systematic-review
#9
Colin Tomes, Robin Marc Orr, Rodney Pope
BACKGROUND: The law enforcement officer profession requires performance of arduous occupational tasks while carrying an external load, consisting of, at minimum, a chest rig, a communication system, weaponry, handcuffs, personal protective equipment and a torch. The aim of this systematic review of the literature was to identify and critically appraise the methodological quality of published studies that have investigated the impacts of body armour on task performance and to synthesize and report key findings from these studies to inform law enforcement organizations...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493425/law-enforcement-derived-data-on-gabapentin-diversion-and-misuse-2002-2015-diversion-rates-and-qualitative-research-findings
#10
Mance E Buttram, Steven P Kurtz, Richard C Dart, Zachary R Margolin
PURPOSE: Recent limited epidemiologic and case reports suggest that gabapentin is being misused, especially among prescription opioid misusers. However, no apparent studies have reported data from law enforcement on the diversion and misuse of gabapentin. METHODS: Case report data are drawn from a quarterly survey of prescription drug diversion completed by a national sample of law enforcement and regulatory agencies who engage in drug diversion investigations. Rates of gabapentin diversion per 100 000 population were calculated for each quarter from 2002 through 2015...
May 10, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488993/physician-guide-to-appropriate-opioid-prescribing-for-noncancer-pain
#11
Timothy Munzing
Prescription opioid use for relief of noncancer pain has risen dramatically in the last 15 years, contributing to a quadrupling of opioid overdoses and prescription opioid-related deaths. This crisis is resulting in heightened attention by health care professionals and organizations, law enforcement, and the government. In this article, I highlight key topics in the management of patients using opioids (or potentially needing opioids) in outpatient clinical practice; federal and state law enforcement actions regarding physicians' illegal prescribing of opioids; multimodal approaches to pain control; nonmedication management of pain; response strategies when suspecting a patient of diverting or misusing opioids; and warning signs for abuse or diversion...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486327/tourniquets-in-trauma-care-a-review-of-application
#12
Brian Cornelius, Ryan Campbell, Pat McGauly
Traumatic hemorrhage has been identified as the leading cause of battlefield death in recent conflicts. Although injury patterns are not directly reproducible to the civilian world, treatment advancements can be used to provide care to patients worldwide. Long-standing dogma regarding the use of tourniquets has been disproved, and there is now recognition of the critical role that tourniquets play in trauma care. The history and evolution of tourniquets, including the identification of previous faults in application, will lead to an examination of the current devices in use along with evidence-based recommendations for use...
May 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484961/environmental-factors-associated-with-psychotropic-drug-use-in-brazilian-nightclubs
#13
Claudia Carlini, Solange Andreoni, Zila M Sanchez
The purpose of this study was to identify environmental factors associated with patterns of psychotropic drug use in nightclubs. Mixed methods were used to investigate psychotropic drugs consumption among patrons of 31 nightclubs in São Paulo, Brazil. A total of 1822 patrons at the entrance and exit of the venues and 30 staff members of the nightclubs were interviewed. The observational data were collected through 307 h of observational research using a structured guide to register environmental measures...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477275/heavy-metal-accumulation-in-organs-of-oreochromis-niloticus-linnaeus-1758-from-industrial-effluent-polluted-aquatic-ecosystem-in-lagos-nigeria
#14
Prince Emeka Ndimele, Musa O Pedro, Julius Ibukun Agboola, Kanayo Stephen Chukwuka, Alice O Ekwu
The concentrations of four heavy metals (Zn, Fe, Cu, and Pb) in water, sediment, and tissues (gill, muscle, brain, and intestine) of Oreochromis niloticus from a segment of the Lagos Lagoon complex were monitored for 10 months (July 2012-April 2013) spanning wet and dry seasons. Three sampling stations were selected: Ologe Lagoon, the nearest to the point where effluent is discharged from Agbara Industrial Estate, the Owo River is upstream before the point of discharge of industrial effluent, and Etegbin is downstream...
June 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475905/the-social-cost-of-illicit-drugs-use-in-spain
#15
Berta Rivera, Bruno Casal, Luis Currais
BACKGROUND: Illegal drugs consumption not only has a notable impact on the population's health, but also leads to major socio-economic costs. A significant characteristic of drug consumers is that the majority are of working age. The main aim of this study is to estimate the economic impact of drug consumption in Spain from a social perspective. METHODS: A cost-of-illness methodology is carried out and a distinction is made between health-related and non-health related direct costs, as well as indirect costs...
May 2, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475812/awareness-about-anti-smoking-related-laws-and-legislation-among-general-population-in-slums-of-delhi-india
#16
Nandini Sharma, Tanu Anand, Shekhar Grover, Arun Kumar, M M Singh, G K Ingle
Introduction: Almost 40% of Delhi's population lives in slums and is vulnerable to tobacco use. It is therefore important to assess their opinion and ensure compliance to anti-smoking legislation. The present study was undertaken to assess the awareness of the general public residing in slums in Delhi regarding the smoke free initiative of 2009, 3 years after intensive implementation. Methods: It was a cross-sectional study conducted amongst participants selected by cluster sampling from the slums in 6 districts of Delhi using a pre-tested semi-structured questionnaire...
May 5, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473746/practices-related-to-tobacco-sale-promotion-and-protection-from-tobacco-smoke-exposure-in-restaurants-and-bars-in-kampala-before-implementation-of-the-uganda-tobacco-control-act-2015
#17
Steven Ndugwa Kabwama, Daniel Kadobera, Sheila Ndyanabangi, Kellen Namusisi Nyamurungi, Shannon Gravely, Lindsay Robertson, David Guwatudde
BACKGROUND: The Word Health Organization's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control calls on parties to implement evidenced-based tobacco control policies, which includes Article 8 (protect the public from exposure to tobacco smoke), and Article 13 (tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship (TAPS)). In 2015, Uganda passed the Tobacco Control Act 2015 which includes a comprehensive ban on smoking in all public places and on all forms of TAPS. Prior to implementation, we sought to assess practices related to protection of the public from tobacco smoke exposure, limiting access to tobacco products and TAPS in restaurants and bars in Kampala City to inform implementation of the new law...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472731/online-test-purchased-new-psychoactive-substances-in-5-different-european-countries-a-snapshot-study-of-chemical-composition-and-price
#18
Tibor Markus Brunt, Amanda Marie Atkinson, Thomas Nefau, Magali Martinez, Emmanuel Lahaie, Artur Malzcewski, Martin Pazitny, Vendula Belackova, Simon D Brandt
BACKGROUND: New psychoactive substances (NPS) are on offer worldwide online, in order to shed light on the purity and price of these substances in the European Union, a research collaboration was set up involving France, United Kingdom (UK), the Netherlands, Czech Republic and Poland. METHODS: Per country, around 10 different NPS were test purchased from different webshops. Then, chemical analysis of NPS was done with according reference standards to identify and quantify the contents...
May 1, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468688/erroneous-formulation-of-delayed-release-omeprazole-capsules-alert-for-importing-countries
#19
Mohammad Sofiqur Rahman, Naoko Yoshida, Hirohito Tsuboi, Tep Keila, Tey Sovannarith, Heng Bun Kiet, Eav Dararth, Theingi Zin, Tsuyoshi Tanimoto, Kazuko Kimura
BACKGROUND: Poor drug quality is a matter of serious concern, especially in countries where drug regulation and law enforcement are constrained by limited resources. This study was carried out to investigate the cause of quality failure of omeprazole in Cambodia in 2010 and Myanmar in 2014. METHODS: We conducted pharmacopoeial quantity, content uniformity and dissolution tests of 156 samples of omeprazole capsules collected in Cambodia in 2010 and Myanmar in 2014...
May 3, 2017: BMC Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464324/the-cane-sword
#20
Timothy R Wysozan, Joseph A Prahlow
This report provides an overview of the injuries caused by a unique blade-type weapon known as a cane sword. The cane sword usually consists of a blade that is stored in a cylindrical "cane" that can be released at the handle to reveal the hidden blade within. The victim of the case was found to have a stab wound in the left mid-back that caused perforation of both the lower and upper lobes of the left lung, resulting in a left hemothorax. Upon autopsy, it was concluded that the patient died from injuries caused by the stab wound to the back...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
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