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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790197/establishing-a-publicly-available-national-database-of-us-news-articles-reporting-agriculture-related-injuries-and-fatalities
#1
Bryan Weichelt, Marsha Salzwedel, Scott Heiberger, Barbara C Lee
BACKGROUND: The AgInjuryNews system and dataset are a news report repository and information source for agricultural safety professionals, policymakers, journalists, and law enforcement officials. METHODS: AgInjuryNews was designed as a primary storage and retrieval system that allows users to: identify agricultural injury/fatality events; identify injury agents and emerging issues; provide safety messages for media in anticipation of trends; and raise awareness and knowledge of agricultural injuries and prevention strategies...
May 22, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785525/beyond-the-border-and-into-the-heartland-spatial-patterning-of-u-s-immigration-detention
#2
Margot Moinester
The expansion of U.S. immigration enforcement from the borders into the interior of the country and the fivefold increase in immigration detentions and deportations since 1995 raise important questions about how the enforcement of immigration law is spatially patterned across American communities. Focusing on the practice of immigration detention, the present study analyzes the records of all 717,160 noncitizens detained by Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) in 2008 and 2009-a period when interior enforcement was at its peak-to estimate states' detention rates and examine geographic variation in detention outcomes, net of individual characteristics...
May 21, 2018: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783278/an-evidence-based-forensic-taxonomy-of-windows-phone-dating-apps
#3
Niken Dwi Wahyu Cahyani, Kim-Kwang Raymond Choo, Nurul Hidayah Ab Rahman, Helen Ashman
Advances in technologies including development of smartphone features have contributed to the growth of mobile applications, including dating apps. However, online dating services can be misused. To support law enforcement investigations, a forensic taxonomy that provides a systematic classification of forensic artifacts from Windows Phone 8 (WP8) dating apps is presented in this study. The taxonomy has three categories, namely: Apps Categories, Artifacts Categories, and Data Partition Categories. This taxonomy is built based on the findings from a case study of 28 mobile dating apps, using mobile forensic tools...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777946/screening-method-for-rapid-classification-of-psychoactive-substances-in-illicit-tablets-using-mid-infrared-spectroscopy-and-pls-da
#4
Leandro S A Pereira, Fernanda L C Lisboa, José Coelho Neto, Frederico N Valladão, Marcelo M Sena
Several new psychoactive substances (NPS) have reached the illegal drug market in recent years, and ecstasy-like tablets are one of the forms affected by this change. Cathinones and tryptamines have increasingly been found in ecstasy-like seized samples as well as other amphetamine type stimulants. A presumptive method for identifying different drugs in seized ecstasy tablets (n=92) using ATR-FTIR (attenuated total reflectance - Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy) and PLS-DA (partial least squares discriminant analysis) was developed...
May 9, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772071/to-test-or-not-to-test-the-value-of-toxicology-in-a-delayed-overdose-death
#5
Erin E Walsh, Elisa N Shoff, Mary Elizabeth Zaney, George W Hime, Fintan Garavan, Diane M Boland
A case demonstrating the necessity of thorough death investigation processes where toxicology plays an active role is presented. A 33-year-old white man presented to the emergency room in respiratory distress after an overdose episode where he was revived on the scene by fire rescue. His condition continued to deteriorate and he expired 6 days after the initial incident. No admission specimens were available for testing; however, there were specimens drawn 4 and 5 days after the incident. Drug paraphernalia from the scene was obtained by the laboratory through collaboration with local law enforcement...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770428/teaching-preschool-children-to-report-suspicious-packages-to-adults
#6
Michael E May, Ashley M Shayter, Ayla Schmick, Becky Barron, Meghan Doherty, Matthew Johnson
Law enforcement agencies stress that public reporting of terror-related crime is the predominant means for disrupting these actions. However, schools may be unprepared because the majority of the populace may not understand the threat of suspicious materials or what to do when they are found on school grounds. The purpose of this study was to systematically teach preschool children to identify and report suspicious packages across three experiments. In the first experiment, we used multiple exemplar training to teach children to identify the characteristics of safe and unsafe packages...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764321/the-patient-to-prisoner-pipeline-the-imd-exclusion-s-adverse-impact-on-mass-incarceration-in-united-states
#7
Michael E Onah
A component of the 1965 Medicaid Act, the Institutions for Mental Diseases ("IMD") Exclusion was supposed to be a remedy for the brutal, dysfunctional mental healthcare system run through state hospitals. In the years since Medicaid was created, the IMD Exclusion has instead barred thousands of those in need of intensive, inpatient treatment from receiving it. As a result, many severely mentally ill individuals are left without adequate care and without a home. They struggle in the street where they are otherized by those in their community and are susceptible to confrontational episodes with law enforcement...
March 2018: American Journal of Law & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764112/human-rights-treaties-are-an-important-part-of-the-international-health-instrumentariam-comment-on-the-legal-strength-of-international-health-instruments-what-it-brings-to-global-health-governance
#8
Lisa Forman
In their commentary, Haik Nikogosian and Ilona Kickbusch argue for the necessity of new binding international legal instruments for health to address complex health determinants and offer a cogent analysis of the implications of such treaties for future global health governance. Yet in doing so they pay no attention to the existing instrumentarium of international legally binding treaties relevant to health, in the form of human rights treaties. International human rights law has entrenched individual entitlements and state obligations in relation to individual and public health through iterative human rights treaties since 1946...
October 2, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759077/regulating-pharmaceutical-companies-financial-largesse
#9
REVIEW
Ronen Avraham, Charles Silver
Nissanholtz-Gannot and Yenkellevich (NGY) explore the impact of a 2010 amendment to the Israeli National Health Insurance Law that requires annual reporting of payments from pharmaceutical companies (PCs) to doctors and healthcare organizations. The amendment was adopted to ensure transparency and to facilitate appropriate regulation of interest conflicts. To learn whether the amendment was having the desired effects, NGY interviewed multiple representatives of an assortment of stakeholders. They found broad agreement among the respondents that financial relationships between PCs and physicians should be transparent...
May 14, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758093/effects-of-human-electro-muscular-incapacitation-hemi-devices-on-cardiovascular-changes-in-anesthetized-swine-as-measured-by-transesophageal-echocardiography-tee
#10
Jacob R Werner, W Bosseau Murray, Mary J Kennett, David M Jenkins, Edward Liszka, Edward L Hughes
The abundance of, and reliance upon, human electro-muscular incapacitation (HEMI) devices, especially in law enforcement, has generated scrutiny and examination of these technologies. The purpose of this study was to examine cardiovascular effects resulting from typical (5 sec) and longer activation (20 sec) HEMI applications studying myocardial function and peripheral vascular system using a combination of invasive cardiovascular catheters and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). Six healthy swine (Sus scrofa) 3-5 months in age and weighing between 60 and 86 kg were anesthetized and exposed to the TASER Model X26 waveform while transesophageal echocardiography was performed...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753154/preliminary-development-of-a-bleeding-layer-to-assess-the-effect-of-a-ballistic-impact-on-textile-damage
#11
D J Carr, M Featherstone, C Malbon, D Miller, M Teagle
When a person is shot, they are generally wearing clothing which will be damaged by the perforation of the bullet. There are relatively few reports of such textile damage in the literature and the effect of blood on the textile damage observed is not reported. The appearance of textile damage caused by bullet impacts is further compounded by the diverse nature of (i) fabrics used in apparel and (ii) ammunition types. In this work, the effect of blood on textile damage due to ballistic impact was investigated by the development of a specimen that incorporated blood...
April 23, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751222/development-of-forensic-medicine-in-post-reform-indonesia
#12
Yoni Fuadah Syukriani, Nita Novita, Deni K Sunjaya
Forensic medicine practice in Indonesia was introduced through the Dutch colonial criminal justice system in the early twentieth century. After more than 70 years of national independence, the development of forensic medicine still faces fundamental challenges, including confusion in the distribution of responsibility with law enforcement agencies, difficulties in managing conflicts of interest, and impediments in scientific practice and professional development. Despite of the golden opportunity from the Indonesian Reform movement in the late 1990s, the impact on forensic medicine development has been less than expected...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749294/questioning-the-current-public-health-approach-to-countering-violent-extremism
#13
Neil Krishan Aggarwal
Since the start of the global War on Terror, governments have used the mental health system for counterintelligence purposes. A recent manifestation of this trend is the call from policymakers and mental health researchers to screen individuals at risk for violent extremism through the public health system. Civil rights organisations have raised alarms that Muslims are being disproportionately referred to law enforcement agencies and that Muslim communities are being selected for surveillance despite government assurances that violent extremism is not exclusive to any ideology...
May 11, 2018: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748748/an-initial-assessment-of-leon-county-florida-s-pre-arrest-adult-civil-citation-program
#14
Albert M Kopak
Momentum is building behind law enforcement-assisted diversion programs. Some of these programs have been designed specifically for drug-involved offenders, while others focus on adults who have no prior involvement in the criminal justice system. The Leon County Pre-Arrest Diversion program, which has been operating since March 2013, offers first-time arrestees the opportunity to participate in an alternative to arrest-as-usual. Successful completion of the program results in avoidance of a formal criminal arrest record...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742625/integrating-population-health-data-on-violence-into-the-emergency-department-a-feasibility-and-implementation-study
#15
Michael N Levas, Jennifer L Hernandez-Meier, Sara Kohlbeck, Nancy Piotrowski, Stephen Hargarten
Geocoded emergency department (ED) data have allowed for the development and evaluation of novel interventions for the prevention of violence in cities outside of the United States. First implemented in Cardiff, United Kingdom, collection of these data provides public health agencies, community organizations, and law enforcement with place-based information on assaults. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of translating this model within the electronic medical record (EMR) in the United States...
May 2018: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739460/international-trade-and-investment-law-a-new-framework-for-public-health-and-the-common-good
#16
Louise Delany, Louise Signal, George Thomson
BACKGROUND: International trade and investment agreements can have positive outcomes, but also have negative consequences that affect global health and influence fundamental health determinants: poverty, inequality and the environment. This article proposes principles and strategies for designing future international law to attain health and common good objectives. ARGUMENT: Basic principles are needed for international trade and investment agreements that are consistent with the common good, public health, and human rights...
May 8, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739241/what-s-holding-back-abuse-deterrent-opioid-formulations-considering-12-u-s-stakeholders
#17
Joseph V Pergolizzi, Robert Taylor, Jo Ann LeQuang, Robert B Raffa
There is no greater public health threat at this time in America than the opioid abuse crisis, and a systematic, level-headed, coherent, and unified approach is needed. Among the many things that have been proposed to help reduce opioid abuse is the development of opioid analgesic products in abuse-deterrent formulations (ADFs). This seems to make perfect sense. Areas Covered: In this article, the viewpoints of 12 stakeholders (physicians, pain patients, payers, manufacturers, regulators, law enforcement, hospitals, first responders, elected officials, rehabilitation centers, opioid addicts, and the general public) were considered in terms of how ADF opioids are regarded and might contribute potential impediments to more widespread use...
May 9, 2018: Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736881/awareness-of-vision-zero-among-united-states-road-safety-professionals
#18
Kelly R Evenson, Seth LaJeunesse, Stephen Heiny
BACKGROUND: Vision Zero is a strategy to eliminate all fatalities and serious injuries from road traffic crashes, while increasing safe and equitable mobility for all. In 2015, the United States' Department of Transportation announced the official target of the federal government transportation safety policy was zero deaths. In 2017, we assessed the dissemination of Vision Zero in the United States. METHODS: We conducted a web-based survey in 2017 among road safety professionals...
May 8, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735625/how-did-we-get-here-heroin-and-fentanyl-trafficking-trends-a-law-enforcement-perspective
#19
Leslie Cooley Dismukes
Illicit heroin and fentanyl are infecting North Carolina's communities, and causing an increasing number of overdose deaths. These trends in drug trafficking and opioid misuse represent a dramatic shift, necessitating a new and coordinated law enforcement response. The North Carolina Attorney General's Office is committed to working toward increased enforcement, prevention, and treatment to address this epidemic.
May 2018: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735622/meeting-opioid-users-where-they-are-a-service-referral-approach-to-law-enforcement
#20
Lars Paul
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: North Carolina Medical Journal
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