keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Law enforcement

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438218/malaria-elimination-in-lao-pdr-the-challenges-associated-with-population-mobility
#1
REVIEW
Sengchanh Kounnavong, Deyer Gopinath, Bouasy Hongvanthong, Chanthalone Khamkong, Odai Sichanthongthip
Although the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) is comparatively small landlocked country with patterns of both in- and out-migration, its human migration situation has been poorly studied. This is despite all of the country's 18 provinces sharing both official and unofficial border checkpoints with neighboring countries. Economic reforms in the last decade have seen a gradual increase in the promotion of foreign investment, and main towns and transportation networks have been expanding thus offering new opportunities for livelihoods and economic activities...
April 25, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431344/novelty-helmet-use-and-motorcycle-rider-fatality
#2
Thomas M Rice, Lara Troszak, Taryn Erhardt, Roger B Trent, Motao Zhu
OBJECTIVES: To compare the risk of fatal injury across helmet types among collision-involved motorcyclists. METHODS: We used data from a cohort of motorcyclists involved in police-reported traffic collisions. Eighty-four law enforcement agencies in California collected detailed information on helmet and rider characteristics during collision investigations in June 2012 through July 2013. Multiply-adjusted risk ratios were estimated with log-binomial regression. RESULTS: The adjusted fatal injury risk ratio for novelty helmets was 1...
April 18, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427364/national-alcohol-survey-of-households-in-trinidad-and-tobago-nashtt-alcohol-use-in-households
#3
R G Maharaj, M S Motilal, T Babwah, P Nunes, R Brathwaite, G Legall, S D Reid, M E Canavan, E H Bradley
BACKGROUND: To determine the patterns of alcohol use among households in Trinidad and Tobago (T&T) and to estimate the association between alcohol use and negative psychological, social, or physical events experienced by the household. METHODS: A convenience sample of 1837 households across T&T. We identified bivariate correlates of alcohol use, and heavy episodic drinking using chi-square and t-test analyses and used multivariable logistic regression to estimate adjusted associations between household alcohol use and experiences within the past 12 months adjusted for sociodemographic covariates...
April 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423170/us-emergency-department-encounters-for-law-enforcement-associated-injury-2006-2012
#4
Elinore J Kaufman, David N Karp, M Kit Delgado
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422921/population-based-estimate-of-trauma-related-deaths-for-law-enforcement-personnel-risks-for-death-are-higher-and-increasing-over-time
#5
Alexander L Eastman, Michael W Cripps, Kareem R Abdelfattah, Kenji Inaba, Thomas G Weiser, David A Spain, Kristan L Staudenmayer
OBJECTIVE: Trauma-related deaths remain an important public health problem. One group susceptible to death due to traumatic mechanisms is U.S. Law Enforcement (LE). We hypothesized that LE officers experienced a higher chance of violent death compared to the general U.S. population and that risks have increased over time. METHODS: The National Institute on Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) National Occupational Mortality Surveillance (NOMS) is a population-based survey of occupational deaths...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418341/the-knowledge-level-and-opinions-of-physicians-about-the-medical-and-legal-procedures-related-to-physical-child-abuse
#6
Sema Demirçin, Akın Tütüncüler, Fatmagül Aslan, Sevtap Velipaşaoğlu Güney, Mehmet Atılgan, Hakan Gülkesen
BACKGROUND: In order to diagnose child abuse, physicians need to consider the possibility of abuse in every child they encounter, have sufficient information about the topic and manage the cases according to current law. AIMS: To determine the knowledge level of physicians on child abuse and to learn their opinions about the procedures when they suspect child abuse. STUDY DESIGN: A questionnaire (cross-sectional) study. METHODS: A detailed questionnaire was applied to 390 physicians of whom 233 were general practitioners...
April 5, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415359/experimental-investigation-of-the-effect-of-thresholding-on-temporal-statistics-of-avalanches
#7
M A Lebyodkin, I V Shashkov, T A Lebedkina, V S Gornakov
Avalanchelike behavior reflected in power-law statistics is a ubiquitous property of extended systems addressed in a number of generic models. The paper presents an experimental investigation of the effect of thresholding on the statistics of durations and waiting times between avalanches using acoustic emission accompanying unstable plastic deformation. It is found that durations of acoustic events obey power-law statistical distributions robust against thresholding. The quiescent time distributions follow the Poisson law for low threshold values...
March 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411015/pharmacist-contributions-to-the-ten-essential-services-of-public-health-in-three-national-association-of-boards-of-pharmacy-regions
#8
Mark A Strand, David M Scott, Teri Undem, Gabrielle Anderson, Andrea Clarens, Xiyuan Liu
BACKGROUND: Pharmacists have contributed to improved population health through the delivery of public health services, but their contributions often go unrecognized within the larger health care system. OBJECTIVES: To determine pharmacist perceptions of their contributions to the 10 essential services of public health and to compare those contributions among pharmacists in Iowa, North Dakota, and Manitoba. METHODS: Licensed pharmacists in Iowa, North Dakota, and Manitoba were sent an online survey of their perceived level of achievement of the 10 essential services of public health...
April 12, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409711/silver-alerts-a-notification-system-for-communities-with-missing-adults
#9
Erika Gergerich, Lindsey Davis
As the U.S. population ages, the prevalence of dementia will grow and communities will face the problem of older adults wandering or becoming lost. Silver Alert systems are programs designed to locate missing older adults with dementia or other mental disabilities. Such programs have been initiated in all but five states. Data collection for these programs is often minimal or incomplete. Social workers should be involved in prevention, follow up and education with caregivers, community members and law enforcement officers...
April 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407279/orangutan-trade-confiscations-and-lack-of-prosecutions-in-indonesia
#10
Vincent Nijman
Prosecuting and sentencing law breakers punishes the offender and acts as a deterrent for future law breakers. With thousands of Sumatran and Bornean orangutans (Pongo abelii and P. pygmaeus) having entered private and government rescue centers and facilities, I evaluate the role of successful prosecution in orangutan conservation in Indonesia. Orangutans have been protected in Indonesian since 1931 and they are not allowed to be traded or to be kept as pets. In the period 1993-2016 at least 440 orangutans were formally confiscated, and many more were "donated" to law enforcement agencies...
April 13, 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406883/characteristics-of-fentanyl-overdose-massachusetts-2014-2016
#11
Nicholas J Somerville, Julie O'Donnell, R Matthew Gladden, Jon E Zibbell, Traci C Green, Morgan Younkin, Sarah Ruiz, Hermik Babakhanlou-Chase, Miranda Chan, Barry P Callis, Janet Kuramoto-Crawford, Henry M Nields, Alexander Y Walley
Opioid overdose deaths in Massachusetts increased 150% from 2012 to 2015 (1). The proportion of opioid overdose deaths in the state involving fentanyl, a synthetic, short-acting opioid with 50-100 times the potency of morphine, increased from 32% during 2013-2014 to 74% in the first half of 2016 (1-3). In April 2015, the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) and CDC reported an increase in law enforcement fentanyl seizures in Massachusetts, much of which was believed to be illicitly manufactured fentanyl (IMF) (4)...
April 14, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402177/intersectional-harassment-and-deviant-embodiment-among-autistic-adults-dis-ability-gender-and-sexuality
#12
Jessica Penwell Barnett
Harassment scholarship increasingly attends to the intersectional nature of harassment and its function within systems of domination. However, little of this work includes disability. In-depth interviews with 24 adults on the autism spectrum in the USA demonstrate the intersections of gender, sexuality and (dis)ability in the construction of deviant embodiments as targets for harassment. These intersections also shape how participants made sense of these experiences of violence. Participants' disability characteristics were often read as gender or sexual variance, with harassers relying on sexist and heterosexist constructs to frighten, demean or humiliate them for disability characteristics...
April 12, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400490/flavour-chemicals-in-a-sample-of-non-cigarette-tobacco-products-without-explicit-flavour-names-sold-in-new-york-city-in-2015
#13
Shannon M Farley, Kevin Rj Schroth, Victoria Grimshaw, Wentai Luo, Julia L DeGagne, Peyton A Tierney, Kilsun Kim, James F Pankow
BACKGROUND: Youth who experiment with tobacco often start with flavoured products. In New York City (NYC), local law restricts sales of all tobacco products with 'characterising flavours' except for 'tobacco, menthol, mint and wintergreen'. Enforcement is based on packaging: explicit use of a flavour name (eg, 'strawberry') or image depicting a flavour (eg, a fruit) is presumptive evidence that a product is flavoured and therefore prohibited. However, a tobacco product may contain significant levels of added flavour chemicals even when the label does not explicitly use a flavour name...
April 11, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393635/assessment-of-environmental-policy-implementation-in-solid-waste-management-in-kathmandu-nepal
#14
Mohan B Dangi, Erica Schoenberger, John J Boland
In Nepal, full-fledged environmental legislation was rare before the democratic constitution of 1990. The first law covering the environment and sustainability was the Environment Protection Act 1997. While the Solid Waste Act was introduced in 1987, the problem of solid waste management still surfaces in Kathmandu. In order to understand the bedrock of this unrelenting failure in solid waste management, the manuscript digs deeper into policy implementation by dissecting solid waste rules, environmental legislations, relevant local laws, and solid waste management practices in Kathmandu, Nepal...
April 1, 2017: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390222/recovery-of-deceased-scuba-divers-from-within-flooded-subterranean-caves
#15
Peter Buzzacott, Craig Nelson, Ken Hill, Lamar Hires
Each year in the US three divers, on average, perish inside flooded caves and their remains require recovery. Recovery is a hazardous undertaking often performed by members of the International Underwater Cave Rescue and Recovery (IUCRR) team, in collaboration with local law enforcement and medical examiners/coroners. Since forming in 1999 the IUCRR have established standard recovery procedures for cave diving fatalities. This article reviews each stage of the recovery; the call out, arrival on site, the search, recording/preserving the evidence, the recovery, the handover and post-recovery record-keeping...
March 27, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388824/conservation-strategies-for-understanding-and-combating-the-primate-bushmeat-trade-on-bioko-island-equatorial-guinea
#16
REVIEW
Drew T Cronin, Paul R Sesink Clee, Matthew W Mitchell, Demetrio Bocuma Meñe, David Fernández, Cirilo Riaco, Maximiliano Fero Meñe, Jose Manuel Esara Echube, Gail W Hearn, Mary Katherine Gonder
Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea is among the important places in Africa for the conservation of primates, but a cultural preference for bushmeat and a lack of effective law enforcement has encouraged commercial bushmeat hunting, threatening the survival of the remaining primate population. For over 13 years, we collected bushmeat market data in the Malabo market, recording over 35,000 primate carcasses, documenting "mardi gras" consumption patterns, seasonal carcass availability, and negative effects resulting from government intervention...
April 7, 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382619/self-compatibility-is-over-represented-on-islands
#17
Dena L Grossenbacher, Yaniv Brandvain, Josh R Auld, Martin Burd, Pierre-Olivier Cheptou, Jeffrey K Conner, Alannie G Grant, Stephen M Hovick, John R Pannell, Anton Pauw, Theodora Petanidou, April M Randle, Rafael Rubio de Casas, Jana Vamosi, Alice Winn, Boris Igic, Jeremiah W Busch, Susan Kalisz, Emma E Goldberg
Because establishing a new population often depends critically on finding mates, individuals capable of uniparental reproduction may have a colonization advantage. Accordingly, there should be an over-representation of colonizing species in which individuals can reproduce without a mate, particularly in isolated locales such as oceanic islands. Despite the intuitive appeal of this colonization filter hypothesis (known as Baker's law), more than six decades of analyses have yielded mixed findings. We assembled a dataset of island and mainland plant breeding systems, focusing on the presence or absence of self-incompatibility...
April 6, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379834/ethical-considerations-in-electronic-monitoring-of-the-cognitively-impaired
#18
Y Tony Yang, Charles G Kels
Cognitive impairment afflicts an estimated 16 million people in the United States. Wandering is a concerning behavior associated with cognitive impairment, as it may threaten patient safety. The risks posed by wandering place severe burdens on both professional and informal caregivers, as well as law enforcement institutions throughout the United States. As such, location trackers that could reduce this burden have become increasingly prevalent. As with many assistive technologies, the substantial promise of location trackers is counterbalanced by potential pitfalls with respect to loss of privacy and autonomy...
March 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378323/trends-in-officer-involved-firearm-deaths-in-oklahoma-from-2000-to-2015
#19
Kyla M Jorgenson, Andrea L Wiens, Eric A Pfeifer, Joshua Lanter
The purpose of this study was to collect data and disseminate trends in officer-involved firearm deaths in Oklahoma from 2000 to 2015. The Oklahoma Office of the Chief Medical Examiner (OCME) database was searched for civilian decedents with gunshot wounds inflicted by law enforcement officers and officer decedents with gunshot wounds inflicted by civilians. Five decedents were law enforcement officers, while 274 decedents were civilians. The number of civilian decedents throughout the study followed a quadratic trend...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376991/successful-public-private-partnerships-the-nypd-shield-model
#20
Vincent Amadeo, Stephen Iannone
This article will identify the challenges that post 9/11 law enforcement faces regarding privatepublic partnerships and describe in detail the NYPD Shield programme, created to combat those challenges. Recommendations made by the 911 Commission included the incorporation of the private sector into future homeland security strategies. One such strategy is NYPD Shield. This programme is a nationally recognized award-winning public-private partnership dedicated to providing counterterrorism training and information sharing with government agencies, non-government organizations, private businesses, and the community...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Business Continuity & Emergency Planning
keyword
keyword
3590
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"