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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137561/mental-health-spending-and-intensity-of-service-use-among-individuals-with-diagnoses-of-eating-disorders-following-federal-parity
#1
Haiden A Huskamp, Hillary Samples, Scott E Hadland, Emma E McGinty, Teresa B Gibson, Howard H Goldman, Susan H Busch, Elizabeth A Stuart, Colleen L Barry
OBJECTIVE: The Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act (MHPAEA) was intended to eliminate differences in insurance coverage for mental health and substance use disorder services and medical-surgical care. No studies have examined mental health service use after federal parity implementation among individuals with diagnoses of eating disorders, for whom financial access to care has often been limited. This study examined whether MHPAEA implementation was associated with changes in use of mental health services and spending in this population...
November 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127114/compared-with-what-estimating-the-effects-of-injury-prevention-policies-using-the-synthetic-control-method
#2
Carl Bonander
INTRODUCTION: This paper discusses the application of the synthetic control method to injury-related interventions using aggregate data from public information systems. The method selects and determines the optimal control unit in the data by minimising the difference between the pre-intervention outcomes in one treated unit (eg, a state) and a weighted combination of potential control units. METHOD: I demonstrate the synthetic control method by an application to Florida's post-2010 policy and law enforcement initiatives aimed at bringing down opioid overdose deaths...
November 10, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126022/the-impact-of-police-presence-on-angry-and-aggressive-driving
#3
Predrag Stanojević, Mark J M Sullman, Dragan Jovanović, Dragana Stanojević
An extensive body of research has found that angry and aggressive driving are both significantly related to crash involvement. There has also been a large body of research investigating the situational factors related to angry and aggressive driving, but one interesting question that has not yet been answered is whether the enforcement of traffic laws causes or reduces angry and aggressive driving. The independent region of Northern Kosovo represents a unique opportunity to investigate the impact of a lack of traffic enforcement on driving behaviour...
November 7, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122313/has-the-question-of-e-waste-opened-a-pandora-s-box-an-overview-of-unpredictable-issues-and-challenges
#4
REVIEW
Bouchra Bakhiyi, Sabrina Gravel, Diana Ceballos, Michael A Flynn, Joseph Zayed
Despite regulatory efforts and position papers, electrical and electronic waste (e-waste) remains ill-managed as evidenced by the extremely low rates of proper e-waste recycling (e-recycling) worldwide, ongoing illegal shipments to developing countries and constantly reported human health issues and environmental pollution. The objectives of this review are, first, to expose the complexity of e-waste problems, and then to suggest possible upstream and downstream solutions. Exploring e-waste issues is akin to opening a Pandora's box...
January 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122198/effect-of-police-mobile-computer-terminal-interface-design-on-officer-driving-distraction
#5
Maryam Zahabi, David Kaber
Several crash reports have identified in-vehicle distraction to be a primary cause of emergency vehicle crashes especially in law enforcement. Furthermore, studies have found that mobile computer terminals (MCTs) are the most frequently used in-vehicle technology for police officers. Twenty police officers participated in a driving simulator-based assessment of visual behavior, performance, workload and situation awareness with current and enhanced MCT interface designs. In general, results revealed MCT use while driving to decrease officer visual attention to the roadway, but usability improvements can reduce the level of visual distraction and secondary-task completion time...
February 2018: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122066/oral-and-dental-aspects-of-child-abuse-and-neglect
#6
Susan A Fisher-Owens, James L Lukefahr, Anupama Rao Tate
In all 50 states, health care providers (including dentists) are mandated to report suspected cases of abuse and neglect to social service or law enforcement agencies. The purpose of this report is to review the oral and dental aspects of physical and sexual abuse and dental neglect in children and the role of pediatric care providers and dental providers in evaluating such conditions. This report addresses the evaluation of bite marks as well as perioral and intraoral injuries, infections, and diseases that may raise suspicion for child abuse or neglect...
July 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120697/enhancing-antibody-patent-protection-using-epitope-mapping-information
#7
Xiaoxiang Deng, Ulrich Storz, Benjamin J Doranz
As the $100B therapeutic monoclonal antibody (mAb) market continues to grow, developers of therapeutic mAbs increasingly face the need to strengthen patent protection of their products and enforce their patents in courts. In view of changes in the patent law landscape, patent applications are strategically using information on the precise binding sites of their mAbs, i.e., the epitopes, to support patent novelty, non-obviousness, subject matter, and a tightened written description requirement for broad genus antibody claims...
November 9, 2017: MAbs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117858/measuring-improvement-in-knowledge-of-drug-policy-reforms-following-a-police-education-program-in-tijuana-mexico
#8
J Arredondo, S A Strathdee, J Cepeda, D Abramovitz, I Artamonova, E Clairgue, E Bustamante, M L Mittal, T Rocha, A Bañuelos, H O Olivarria, M Morales, G Rangel, C Magis, L Beletsky
BACKGROUND: Mexico's 2009 "narcomenudeo reform" decriminalized small amounts of drugs, shifting some drug law enforcement to the states and mandating drug treatment diversion instead of incarceration. Data from Tijuana suggested limited implementation of this harm reduction-oriented policy. We studied whether a police education program (PEP) improved officers' drug and syringe policy knowledge, and aimed to identify participant characteristics associated with improvement of drug policy knowledge...
November 8, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116879/health-care-professionals-and-law-enforcement
#9
Arthur R Derse
Health care professionals generally have a respectful, sometimes even friendly, attitude toward law enforcement. We may feel we’re on the same team as the police when we’re treating victims of crime, and police may be called to protect us from people who seek to harm us in the hospital. Some health..
November 8, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112856/the-experience-of-violence-against-children-in-domestic-servitude-in-haiti-results-from-the-violence-against-children-survey-haiti-2012
#10
Leah Gilbert, Avid Reza, James Mercy, Veronica Lea, Juliette Lee, Likang Xu, Louis Herns Marcelin, Marisa Hast, John Vertefeuille, Jean Wysler Domercant
BACKGROUND: There have been estimates that over 150,000 Haitian children are living in servitude. Child domestic servants who perform unpaid labor are referred to as "restavèks." Restavèks are often stigmatized, prohibited from attending school, and isolated from family placing them at higher risk for experiencing violence. In the absence of national data on the experiences of restavèks in Haiti, the study objective was to describe the sociodemographic characteristics of restavèks in Haiti and to assess their experiences of violence in childhood...
November 4, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112689/hiv-prevalence-and-behavioral-and-psychosocial-factors-among-transgender-women-and-cisgender-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-8-african-countries-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#11
Tonia Poteat, Benjamin Ackerman, Daouda Diouf, Nuha Ceesay, Tampose Mothopeng, Ky-Zerbo Odette, Seni Kouanda, Henri Gautier Ouedraogo, Anato Simplice, Abo Kouame, Zandile Mnisi, Gift Trapence, L Leigh Ann van der Merwe, Vicente Jumbe, Stefan Baral
INTRODUCTION: Sub-Saharan Africa bears more than two-thirds of the worldwide burden of HIV; however, data among transgender women from the region are sparse. Transgender women across the world face significant vulnerability to HIV. This analysis aimed to assess HIV prevalence as well as psychosocial and behavioral drivers of HIV infection among transgender women compared with cisgender (non-transgender) men who have sex with men (cis-MSM) in 8 sub-Saharan African countries. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Respondent-driven sampling targeted cis-MSM for enrollment...
November 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112482/regulating-the-advertising-and-promotion-of-stem-cell-therapies
#12
Barbara von Tigerstrom
There are widespread concerns with the ways in which 'unproven' stem cell therapies are advertised to patients. This article explores the potential and limits of using laws that regulate advertising and promotion as a tool to address these concerns. It examines general consumer protection laws and laws and policies on advertising medical products and services, focusing on the USA, Canada and Australia. The content of existing laws and policies covers most of the marketing practices that cause concern, but several systemic factors are likely to limit enforcement efforts...
October 2017: Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109593/legality-racialization-and-immigrants-experience-of-ethnoracial-harassment-in-russia
#13
Victor Agadjanian, Cecilia Menjívar, Natalya Zotova
Using data from a structured survey and in-depth interviews in three Russian cities, our study engages the scholarship on immigration legal regimes and racialization practices to examine the experiences of ethnoracially motivated harassment among working migrant women from Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan in Russia. The results of statistical analyses show that regularized legal status is associated with a significantly lower likelihood of experiencing harassment at the hands of law enforcement agents and other actors alike...
November 1, 2017: Social Problems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109517/workplace-violence-among-female-sex-workers-who-use-drugs-in-vancouver-canada-does-client-targeted-policing-increase-safety
#14
Amy Prangnell, Kate Shannon, Ekaterina Nosova, Kora DeBeck, M-J Milloy, Thomas Kerr, Kanna Hayashi
Workplace violence, by clients or predators, poses serious negative health consequences for sex workers. In 2013, the Vancouver (British Columbia), Canada Police Department changed their guidelines with the goal of increasing safety for sex workers by focusing law enforcement on clients and third parties, but not sex workers. We sought to examine the trends and correlates of workplace violence among female sex workers (FSW) before and after the guideline change, using data collected from prospective cohorts of persons who use illicit drugs in Vancouver, Canada...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104363/towards-total-energy-shaping-control-of-lower-limb-exoskeletons
#15
Ge Lv, Robert D Gregg
Current robotic exoskeletons enforce fixed reference joint patterns during gait rehabilitation. These control methods aim to replicate normative joint kinematics but do not facilitate learning patient-specific kinematics. Trajectory-free control methods for exoskeletons are required to promote user control over joint kinematics. Our prior work on potential energy shaping provides virtual body-weight support through a trajectory-free control law, but altering only the gravitational forces does not assist the subject in accelerating/decelerating the body forward...
May 2017: Proceedings of the ... American Control Conference
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097230/non-sanctioning-of-illegal-tackles-in-south-african-youth-community-rugby
#16
J C Brown, S J Boucher, M Lambert, W Viljoen, C Readhead, S Hendricks, W J Kraak
OBJECTIVES: The tackle event in rugby union ('rugby') contributes to the majority of players' injuries. Referees can reduce this risk by sanctioning dangerous tackles. A study in elite adult rugby suggests that referees only sanction a minority of illegal tackles. The aim of this study was to assess if this finding was similar in youth community rugby. DESIGN: Observational study. METHODS: Using EncodePro, 99 South African Rugby Union U18 Youth Week tournament matches were coded between 2011 and 2015...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096015/the-impact-of-smoking-on-expected-lifetime-with-and-without-chronic-disease-among-palestinian-men-in-the-west-bank
#17
Henrik Brønnum-Hansen, Marie Jonassen, Amira Shaheen, Mohammed Duraidi, Khaled Qalalwa, Bernard Jeune
Background: The purpose of the study was to estimate life expectancy and the average lifetime with and without chronic disease among male never smokers, ex-smokers and smokers living in the West Bank of the occupied Palestinian territory. Methods: The study used a life table for the West Bank male population and Danish relative risk estimates for death for smokers and ex-smokers vs. never smokers and utilized data from the Palestinian Family Survey 2010. Expected lifetime with and without chronic disease was estimated and the contributions from the mortality and the morbidity effect to smoking related difference in average lifetime with and without chronic disease were assessed by decomposition...
October 31, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091234/teaching-nursing-students-to-care-for-patients-who-are-inmates
#18
Kathleen S Ashton
BACKGROUND: Inmates in federal or state correctional facilities or those who are under the custody of local law enforcement officials receive health care in acute care settings, and caring for these inmate-patients is difficult for many nurses. Nurse educators should teach nursing students that nurses care for all patients in all situations with respect for a person's inherent dignity and worth. METHOD: Information from relevant nursing publications was synthesized to provide nurse educators with content that can be useful when teaching nursing students to care for inmate-patients in acute care settings...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089008/specialized-police-based-mental-health-crisis-response-the-first-10-years-of-colorado-s-crisis-intervention-team-implementation
#19
Hari-Mandir K Khalsa, Attila C Denes, Diane M Pasini-Hill, Jeffrey C Santelli, Ross J Baldessarini
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the implementation of crisis intervention teams by law enforcement agencies in Colorado. METHODS: Rates of Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT) use, arrests, use of force, and injuries were assessed during 6,353 incidents involving individuals experiencing a mental health crisis. Relationships among original complaint, psychiatric illness, substance abuse, violence risk, and disposition of crisis calls were analyzed. RESULTS: Rates of SWAT use (<1%), injuries (<1%), arrests (<5%), and use of force (<5%) were low...
November 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083346/indoors-and-health-results-of-a-systematic-literature-review-assessing-the-potential-health-effects-of-living-in-basements
#20
Angelo Giosué Mezzoiuso, Marco Gola, Andrea Rebecchi, Matteo Riccò, Stefano Capolongo, Maddalena Buffoli, Marcello Tirani, Anna Odone, Carlo Signorelli
A new law approved in March 2017 in the Lombardy Region makes it possible to live in basements. Basements are defined as buildings partly below curb level but with at least one-half of its height above the curb. Basements' features and structural characteristics might pose risks to human health. In this paper we adopt a multidisciplinary approach to assess the potential health effects of living in basements. In particular, we define a conceptual framework to describe basements' structural characteristics which are risk factors, as well as the mechanisms through which they impact on human health...
October 23, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
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