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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324837/status-of-pesticides-pollution-in-tanzania-a-review
#1
REVIEW
Raheli Elibariki, Mihayo Musabila Maguta
Various studies have been conducted in Tanzania to assess the magnitude of pesticides pollution associated with pesticides application, storage, disposal as well as knowledge of farmers on pesticides handling. The studies analysed samples from different matrices covering vegetation, biota, water, sediments and soil. The objective of this review was to summarise the results of pesticides residues reported in different components of the environment to give a clear picture of pesticides pollution status in the country for law enforcement as well as for taking precaution measures...
March 9, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317609/analysis-of-nitrite-and-nitrate-in-foods-overview-of-chemical-regulatory-and-analytical-aspects
#2
L Merino, U Örnemark, F Toldrá
In this chapter, several factors that should be considered for selecting and developing suitable analytical methods for determining nitrite/nitrate are presented. Nitrite and nitrate occurrence and suitability are a controversial issue. Nitrite is an approved additive considered a foremost curing ingredient for the preservation of meat products. Nitrate is a natural constituent of the human diet that, however, raises fears for its suggested potential harmfulness related to carcinogenesis and environmental contamination...
2017: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316365/extracting-databases-from-dark-data-with-deepdive
#3
Ce Zhang, Jaeho Shin, Christopher Ré, Michael Cafarella, Feng Niu
DeepDive is a system for extracting relational databases from dark data: the mass of text, tables, and images that are widely collected and stored but which cannot be exploited by standard relational tools. If the information in dark data - scientific papers, Web classified ads, customer service notes, and so on - were instead in a relational database, it would give analysts a massive and valuable new set of "big data." DeepDive is distinctive when compared to previous information extraction systems in its ability to obtain very high precision and recall at reasonable engineering cost; in a number of applications, we have used DeepDive to create databases with accuracy that meets that of human annotators...
June 2016: Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315540/hazardous-drugs-legislative-and-regulatory-efforts-to-improve-safe-handling%C3%A2
#4
AnnMarie L Walton, Seth Eisenberg, Christopher R Friese
Several organizations have safety guidelines regarding handling of hazardous drugs. That said, only Washington and California have enforceable laws that regulate these practices. This article shares the experiences of three states-Washington, Michigan, and North Carolina-in advancing legislative and regulatory efforts. It also offers guidance to nurses seeking to improve the way hazardous drugs are handled and how and where to begin.
April 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314707/biometrics-and-policing-a-protocol-for-multichannel-sensor-data-collection-and-exploratory-analysis-of-contextualized-psychophysiological-response-during-law-enforcement-operations
#5
Robert D Furberg, Travis Taniguchi, Brian Aagaard, Alexa M Ortiz, Meghan Hegarty-Craver, Kristin H Gilchrist, Ty A Ridenour
BACKGROUND: Stress experienced by law enforcement officers is often extreme and is in many ways unique among professions. Although past research on officer stress is informative, it is limited, and most studies measure stress using self-report questionnaires or observational studies that have limited generalizability. We know of no research studies that have attempted to track direct physiological stress responses in high fidelity, especially within an operational police setting. The outcome of this project will have an impact on both practitioners and policing researchers...
March 17, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303590/psychiatric-disability-in-law-enforcement-officers
#6
Marilyn Price
Law enforcement officers all across the world are exposed to violence, confrontation, and traumatic incidents. They regularly witness death and suffering and are at risk of personal injury. Psychiatric sequelae include an increased risk for trauma-related symptoms, depression, alcohol-use disorders, and stress-related medical conditions. Law enforcement officers have been applying for early disability retirement pensions at an increased rate for stress-related psychiatric and medical conditions. As a result, law enforcement agencies are prematurely losing valuable resources, officers with training and experience...
March 17, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296466/road-accident-fatality-risks-for-vulnerable-versus-protected-road-users-in-northern-ghana
#7
James Damsere-Derry, Gavan Palk, Mark King
Background Road traffic injuries (RTIs) are a serious epidemic which claims more than a million lives across the globe each year. The burden of RTIs is particularly pronounced in Africa and other low and middle income countries. The unfavourable disparity of the burden of road trauma in the world is largely attributable to unsafe vehicles, lack of appropriate road infrastructure and the predominance of vulnerable road users (VRUs) in developing countries. However, little research exists in Northern Ghana to highlight the scale and risk of death among road users...
March 15, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293104/factors-driving-customers-to-seek-health-care-from-pharmacies-for-acute-respiratory-illness-and-treatment-recommendations-from-drug-sellers-in-dhaka-city-bangladesh
#8
Fahmida Chowdhury, Katharine Sturm-Ramirez, Abdullah Al Mamun, A Danielle Iuliano, Mejbah Uddin Bhuiyan, Mohammod Jobayer Chisti, Makhdum Ahmed, Sabbir Haider, Mahmudur Rahman, Eduardo Azziz-Baumgartner
BACKGROUND: Pharmacies in Bangladesh serve as an important source of health service. A survey in Dhaka reported that 48% of respondents with symptoms of acute respiratory illness (ARI) identified local pharmacies as their first point of care. This study explores the factors driving urban customers to seek health care from pharmacies for ARI, their treatment adherence, and outcome. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 100 selected pharmacies within Dhaka from June to December 2012...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292504/pharmacists-perceptions-regarding-the-impact-of-hydrocodone-rescheduling-on-prescription-volume-workflow-management-and-patient-outcomes
#9
Tyler J Varisco, Motolani E Ogunsanya, Jamie C Barner, Marc L Fleming
OBJECTIVES: To determine (1) pharmacists' perceptions of how rescheduling of hydrocodone combination products (HCPs) from Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) Schedule III to DEA Schedule II has influenced prescription volume and revenue, pharmacy workflow management, and patient outcomes; and (2) whether perceptions differed between pharmacists who support versus those who oppose HCP rescheduling. DESIGN: A cross-sectional mail survey. SETTING: Texas community pharmacies from October to December 2015...
March 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292501/indian-health-service-pharmacists-engaged-in-opioid-safety-initiatives-and-expanding-access-to-naloxone
#10
Hillary Duvivier, Samantha Gustafson, Morgan Greutman, Tenzin Jangchup, Ashlee Knapp Harden, Aimee Reinhard, Keith Warshany
OBJECTIVE: To develop effective pharmacy-based interventions to mitigate harm from opioid use disorders. Programs include responsible opioid prescribing, expanded access to medication-assisted treatment (MAT), naloxone, and community interventions. SETTING: Clinical pharmacists practicing at Indian Health Service (IHS) locations in the Southwest, Midwest, and Great Lakes regions. These pharmacists serve culturally diverse American Indian populations throughout the United States and interface with tribal and federal programs to impact the opioid epidemic in Indian Country...
March 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292314/association-between-blood-lead-and-blood-pressure-a-population-based-study-in-brazilian-adults
#11
Ana Carolina Bertin de Almeida Lopes, Ellen Kovner Silbergeld, Ana Navas-Acien, Rachel Zamoiski, Airton da Cunha Martins, Alissana Ester Iakmiu Camargo, Mariana Ragassi Urbano, Arthur Eumann Mesas, Monica Maria Bastos Paoliello
BACKGROUND: Environmental lead exposure among adults may increase blood pressure and elevate the risk of hypertension. The availability of data on blood lead levels (BLL) in adult Brazilian population is scarce and population-based studies are important for screening the population exposure and also to evaluate associations with adverse health effects. The goal of this study was to examine the association of BLL with blood pressure and hypertension in a population-based study in a city in Southern Brazil...
March 14, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288726/prevalence-of-drink-driving-and-speeding-in-china-a-time-series-analysis-from-two-cities
#12
Q Li, H He, L Duan, Y Wang, D M Bishai, A A Hyder
OBJECTIVES: To confront the public health challenge imposed by road traffic injuries in China. STUDY DESIGN: A consortium of international partners designed and implemented targeted interventions, such as social media campaigns, advocacy for legislative change and law enforcement training, to reduce the percentage of drink driving and speeding in two Chinese cities, Dalian and Suzhou, from 2010 to 2014. METHODS: Time series models were developed to detect changes in the prevalence of drink driving and speeding using data collected through four years of observational studies...
March 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287960/clustering-millions-of-faces-by-identity
#13
Charles Otto, Dayong Wang, Anil Jain
Given a large collection of unlabeled face images, we address the problem of clustering faces into an unknown number of identities. This problem is of interest in social media, law enforcement, and other applications, where the number of faces can be of the order of hundreds of million, while the number of identities (clusters) can range from a few thousand to millions. To address the challenges of run-time complexity and cluster quality, we present an approximate Rank-Order clustering algorithm that performs better than popular clustering algorithms (k-Means and Spectral)...
March 7, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285488/graduate-medical-education-in-tactical-medicine-and-the-impact-of-acgme-accreditation-of-ems-fellowships
#14
Nelson Tang, Matthew J Levy, Asa M Margolis, Nathan Woltman
Physician interest in tactical medicine as an area of professional practice has grown significantly over the past decade. The prevalence of physician involvement in terms of medical oversight and operational support of civilian tactical medicine has experienced tremendous growth during this timeframe. Factors contributing to this trend are multifactorial and include enhanced law enforcement agency understanding of the role of the tactical physician, support for the engagement of qualified medical oversight, increasing numbers of physicians formally trained in tactical medicine, and the ongoing escalation of intentional mass-casualty incidents worldwide...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284121/a-global-epidemiological-perspective-on-the-toxicology-of-drug-facilitated-sexual-assault-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Laura Jane Anderson, Asher Flynn, Jennifer Lucinda Pilgrim
PURPOSE: A systematic review was undertaken to determine the current global prevalence of drug-facilitated sexual assault (DFSA) reported in adults in order to identify trends in the toxicology findings in DFSA around the world over the past 20 years. METHODS: Databases PubMed, PsycINFO and Scopus were systematically searched using the terms: "drug-facilitated sexual assault", "chemical submission", "date rape", "rape drugs" and "drink-spiking" to identify relevant studies for inclusion in the review...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282013/involving-law-enforcement-and-emergency-management-officials-in-exercises
#16
Scott Shaw
This article reveals the benefits of having public sector participation in your exercises. It also outlines simple tips to having successful business continuity exercises for your organisation.
January 1, 2017: Journal of Business Continuity & Emergency Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279856/a-time-period-study-on-the-efficiency-of-luminol-in-the-detection-of-bloodstains-concealed-by-paint-on-different-surfaces
#17
Deepthi Nagesh, Shayani Ghosh
Forensic Science is the application of science to the criminal and civil laws that are enforced by police agencies in a criminal justice system. It is a science which relies on physical evidence; one of the important physical evidences being blood. The purpose of this research was to determine the efficacy of luminol reagent in detecting bloodstains on different surfaces, concealed by multiple layers of paint, over a period of time and also to compare the intensities of chemiluminescence exhibited by them. In this study, dry wall, wooden planks and metal surfaces were identified as commonly encountered surfaces at crime scenes and hence 25 of each surface were simulated and blood was spattered, which were then concealed by progressive layers of paint specific to each surface...
February 11, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275447/from-the-millennium-development-goals-to-sustainable-development-goals-the-response-to-the-hiv-epidemic-in-indonesia-challenges-and-opportunities
#18
EDITORIAL
Fetty Wijayanti, Siti Nadia Tarmizi, Viny Tobing, Tiara Nisa, Muhammad Akhtar, Indang Trihandini, Ratna Djuwita
Since the first case was reported in 1981, the Indonesian government and civil society have implemented many initiatives to respond to the HIV/AIDS epidemic. From an historical perspective, the country now has the means to rapidly diagnose cases of HIV infection and provide antiretroviral therapy. The concern expressed by international health agencies about a potential major HIV epidemic in the country has not been confirmed, as evidenced by a slowing down of the number cases. The threat from non-sterile needle sharing has been relatively well controlled through harm-reduction programmes; however, drug trafficking remains a challenge...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Virus Eradication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274382/legal-priorities-for-prevention-of-non-communicable-diseases-innovations-from-who-s-eastern-mediterranean-region
#19
REVIEW
L O Gostin, H Abou-Taleb, S A Roache, A Alwan
OBJECTIVES: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading cause of death globally and in the World Health Organization's (WHO) Eastern Mediterranean region (EMR). This paper reports on a research collaboration between the WHO's Eastern Mediterranean Office (EMRO) and the O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law at Georgetown University that aims to identify (1) regionally relevant, cost-effective and affordable legal interventions to prevent NCDs, and (2) methods to strengthen implementation and enforcement...
March 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268796/validity-of-the-small-swine-model-for-human-electrical-safety-risks
#20
Michael A Brave, Dhanunjaya R Lakkireddy, Mark W Kroll, Dorin Panescu
Small swine are the most common model now used for electrical safety studies. Because of the significant anatomical and electrophysiological differences and the effect of animal size on the ventricular fibrillation (VF) threshold, there are concerns that these differences may exaggerate the risks of electrical devices to humans. We chose, as an illustrative and relevant example, swine studies of the TASER® conducted electrical weapon (CEW) as it has numerous published VF studies. We reviewed the published electrical swine safety studies for CEWs and compared them to finite element modeling studies, electrical safety standards, and epidemiological experience from field usage...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
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