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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092931/the-criteria-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-national-health-checkup-and-education-system-in-japan
#1
Kazumasa Yamagishi, Hiroyasu Iso
Two major definitions of metabolic syndrome have been proposed. One focuses on accumulation of risk factors such as the American Heart Association (AHA) and National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI) criteria; and the other focuses on abdominal obesity such as the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and Japanese criteria. The latter consider waist circumference as an obligatory component, whereas the former does not. In 2009, the IDF, NHLBI, AHA and the other organizations attempted to unify these criteria, and waist circumference is no longer an obligatory component...
January 6, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092422/international-consensus-principles-for-ethical-wildlife-control
#2
Sara Dubois, Nicole Fenwick, Erin A Ryan, Liv Baker, Sandra E Baker, Ngaio J Beausoleil, Scott Carter, Barbara Cartwright, Federico Costa, Chris Draper, John Griffin, Adam Grogan, Gregg Howald, Bidda Jones, Kate E Littin, Amanda T Lombard, David J Mellor, Daniel Ramp, Catherine A Schuppli, David Fraser
Human-wildlife conflicts are commonly addressed by excluding, relocating, or lethally controlling animals with the goal of preserving public health and safety, protecting property, or conserving other valued wildlife. However, declining wildlife populations, a lack of efficacy of control methods in achieving desired outcomes, and changes in how people value animals have triggered widespread acknowledgment of the need for ethical and evidence-based approaches to managing such conflicts. We explored international perspectives on and experiences with human-wildlife conflicts to develop principles for ethical wildlife control...
January 16, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092412/population-dynamics-of-hcv-subtypes-in-injecting-drug-users-on-methadone-maintenance-treatment-in-china-associated-with-economic-and-health-reform
#3
Sheng Zhou, Eleonora Cella, Wang Zhou, Wen-Hua Kong, Man-Qing Liu, Pu-Lin Liu, Massimo Ciccozzi, Marco Salemi, Xin-Guang Chen
The extensive genetic heterogeneity of hepatitis C virus (HCV) requires in-depth understanding of the population dynamics of different viral subtypes for more effective control of epidemic outbreaks. We analyzed HCV sequences data from 125 participants in Wuhan, China. These participants were newly infected by subtype 1b (n=13), 3a (n=15), 3b (n=50), and 6a (n=39) while on methadone maintenance treatment (MMT). Bayesian phylogenies and demographic histories were inferred for these subtypes. Participants infected with HCV-1b and 3a were clustered in well-supported monophyletic clades, indicating local sub-epidemics...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092139/content-of-conventional-therapy-for-the-severely-affected-arm-during-subacute-rehabilitation-after-stroke-an-analysis-of-physiotherapy-and-occupational-therapy-practice
#4
Lex D de Jong, Frederike van Wijck, Roy E Stewart, Alexander C H Geurts, Pieter U Dijkstra
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Physiotherapy (PT) and occupational therapy (OT) are key professions providing treatment for the arm after stroke; however, knowledge about the content of these treatments is scant. Detailed data are needed to replicate interventions, evaluate their effective components, and evaluate PT and OT practice. This paper describes PT and OT treatment for the severely affected arm in terms of duration, content according to components and categories of the International Classification of Human Functioning, Disability and Health, and to analyze differences between professions...
January 16, 2017: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091714/comparison-of-potential-higher-order-reference-methods-for-total-haemoglobin-quantification-an-interlaboratory-study
#5
Claudia Frank, Christine Brauckmann, Marie Palos, Cristian G Arsene, Joerg Neukammer, Maria Estela Del Castillo Busto, Sabine Zakel, Claudia Swart, Bernd Güttler, Rainer Stosch
The total haemoglobin (Hb) concentration in blood is one of the most frequently measured analytes in clinical medicine because of its significance for evaluating the health state of a human. The spectrophotometric cyanmethaemoglobin (HiCN) method is the internationally accepted conventional reference method to determine this biomarker. It is frequently used in clinical routine diagnostics but is not traceable to the International System of Units and thus does not meet highest metrological demands. A further critical issue is the toxicity of the necessary potassium cyanide...
January 14, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091687/analyzing-change-in-nursing-home-information-technology-sophistication-a-2-year-survey
#6
Gregory L Alexander, Richard Madsen, Matthew Newton
Nursing home (NH) health information technology (IT) is becoming more prevalent across the country. Currently, a national sample of NHs is being surveyed for 3 consecutive years to determine trends in NH IT sophistication (e.g., measures of IT capabilities, extent of IT use, IT integration with internal and external stakeholders). IT sophistication is measured in resident care, clinical support, and administrative activities. The current article provides details of the differences in NH IT sophistication reported by administrators completing Year 1 and Year 2 surveys...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091432/depression-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-among-road-traffic-accident-victims-managed-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-southern-nigeria
#7
J E Asuquo, B E Edet, I E Abang, E A Essien, O G Osakwe, E J Aigbomain, K C Chigbundu
BACKGROUND: Psychological responses to traumatic events vary widely across different cultures but studies in the developing countries are scant. The objective of this study is to determine prevalence of depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among patients involved in road traffic accident (RTA) compared with that of the general population using a matched control group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study design was case control and employed the convenient sampling technique...
February 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091406/awareness-of-age-related-macular-degeneration-and-its-risk-factors-among-beijing-residents-in-china
#8
Chen-Xi Zhang, Gu-Muyang Zhang, Nan Ma, Song Xia, Jing-Yuan Yang, You-Xin Chen
BACKGROUND: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a major cause of irreversible blindness, and awareness of this disease is important in the prevention of blindness. However, lack of public awareness of AMD was shown in previous studies, and there was no report of AMD awareness in the Mainland of China. Therefore, the aim of our study was to assess the awareness of AMD and its risk factors among Beijing residents in China. METHODS: A cross-sectional, computer-assisted, telephone investigation was conducted to measure the awareness of AMD among Beijing residents...
2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091386/prevalence-of-infection-with-the-larval-form-of-the-cestode-parasite-taenia-saginata-in-cattle-in-northwest-iran-and-its-zoonotic-importance
#9
Mohammad Mirzaei, Ahmad Nematolahi, Javad Ashrafihelan, Hadi Rezaei
OBJECTIVE: Bovine cysticercosis is a cattle infection caused by a tapeworm, Taenia saginata. While the condition is relatively innocuous, the parasite infects the small intestine of humans in its mature stage and causes a few specific symptoms such as abdominal pain and nausea. METHODS: Between February 2013 and February 2014, a total of 640 cattle were randomly selected from all the cattle sent to the abattoir, and some internal organs and skeletal muscles of these cattle were inspected...
December 2016: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090750/professionals-views-on-mental-health-service-users-education-challenges-and-support
#10
I Nieminen, M Kaunonen
: WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: Mental health service users (MHSUs) may experience disruptions in their education. However, education has been shown to have a positive influence on their recovery, potentially offering them broader employment opportunities. The literature suggests that providing support for MHSUs in their educational efforts may be beneficial and is wished for by the service users themselves. However, there is a lack of mental health professionals' views on the topic in the setting of a community mental health centre...
February 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090652/a-systematic-review-of-the-analgesic-efficacy-of-cannabinoid-medications-in-the-management-of-acute-pain
#11
REVIEW
A J Stevens, M D Higgins
BACKGROUND: Cannabinergic medications have been postulated to demonstrate efficacy in the management of pain. The aim of this systematic review was to assess the analgesic efficacy and adverse effects of cannabinoids when used for the management of acute pain. METHODS: A systematic review was performed by searching the MEDLINE, EMBASE and CENTRAL databases, and the World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform for human randomized controlled trials that assessed the analgesic efficacy of cannabinoids compared to placebo or active comparators...
January 16, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090399/breastfeeding-in-samoa-a-study-to-explore-women-s-knowledge-and-the-factors-which-influence-infant-feeding-practices
#12
Lucy E Archer, Thomas F Dunne, Lauren J Lock, Lucy A Price, Zubair Ahmed
A decline in breastfeeding rates in Samoa has been reported over the last century. To assess the length of time women breastfeed, their knowledge of both the advantages of and recommendations for breastfeeding, and the factors that influence their decisions to continue or discontinue breastfeeding, a questionnaire was distributed at Tupua Tamasese Meaole Hospital. One hundred and twenty-one eligible participants were included aged 18-50 years (mean age 28.2). Ninety percent of participants initiated breastfeeding, and the majority (78%) of babies were exclusively breastfed for at least the recommended 6 months...
January 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090336/medical-feminism-working-mothers-and-the-limits-of-home-finding-a-balance-between-self-care-and-other-care-in-cross-cultural-debates-about-health-and-lifestyle-1952-1956
#13
Frederick Cooper
Post-war medical debates about the psychiatric consequences of married women's economic behaviour witnessed far more divergence and collision between perspectives than has often been acknowledged. Practitioners who approached women primarily as facilitators of family health-as wives and mothers-were mistrustful of the competing demands presented by paid employment. They were faced by a growing spectrum of opinion, however, which represented women as atrophying in the confines of domestic life, and which positioned work as a therapeutic act...
July 12, 2016: Palgrave Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089649/magnetic-resonance-imaging-conditional-devices-luxury-or-real-clinical-need
#14
REVIEW
Sophie I Mavrogeni, George Poulos, Genovefa Kolovou, George Theodorakis
Although the risk of MRI scanning on patients with conventional devices is rather lower than initially thought, the patient's safety can only be assured by using MRI-conditional devices. The most important modifications in MRI-conditional devices include: a) Reduction in ferromagnetic components to reduce magnetic attraction and susceptibility artefacts b) Replacement of reed switch by Hall sensor in order to avoid unpredictable reed switch behaviour c) Lead coil design to minimize lead heating and electrical current induction d) Filter circuitry to prevent damage to internal power supply e) Dedicated pacemaker programming to prevent inappropriate pacemaker inhibition and competing rhythms...
January 9, 2017: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089304/management-of-prostate-cancer-in-elderly-patients-recommendations-of-a-task-force-of-the-international-society-of-geriatric-oncology
#15
REVIEW
Jean-Pierre Droz, Gilles Albrand, Silke Gillessen, Simon Hughes, Nicolas Mottet, Stéphane Oudard, Heather Payne, Martine Puts, Gilbert Zulian, Lodovico Balducci, Matti Aapro
CONTEXT: Prostate cancer is the most frequent male cancer. Since the median age of diagnosis is 66 yr, many patients require both geriatric and urologic evaluation if treatment is to be tailored to individual circumstances including comorbidities and frailty. OBJECTIVE: To update the 2014 International Society of Geriatric Oncology (SIOG) guidelines on prostate cancer in men aged >70 yr. The update includes new material on health status evaluation and the treatment of localised, advanced, and castrate-resistant disease...
January 11, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089279/perspective-on-pre-and-post-natal-agro-food-exposure-to-persistent-organic-pollutants-and-their-effects-on-quality-of-life
#16
REVIEW
Tania Fernández-Cruz, Elena Martínez-Carballo, Jesús Simal-Gándara
BACKGROUND: Adipose tissue constitutes a continual source of internal exposure to organic pollutants (OPs). When fats mobilize during pregnancy and breastfeeding, OPs could affect foetal and neonatal development, respectively. SCOPE AND APPROACH: The main aim of this review is to deal with pre- and post-natal external exposure to organic pollutants and their effects on health, proposing prevention measures to reduce their risk. The goal is the development of a biomonitoring framework program to estimate their impact on human health, and prevent exposure by recommending some changes in personal lifestyle habits...
January 11, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089230/metastatic-fractures-of-long-limb-bones
#17
REVIEW
P Anract, D Biau, P Boudou-Rouquette
The diagnosis of pathological fracture should be considered routinely in patients with long limb-bone fractures. Investigations must be performed to establish the diagnosis of pathological fracture then to determine that the bone lesion is a metastasis. In over 85% of cases, the clinical evaluation combined with a detailed analysis of the radiographs is sufficient to determine that the fracture occurred at a tumour site. Aetiological investigations establish that the tumour is a metastasis. In some patients, the diagnosis of metastatic cancer antedates the fracture...
January 11, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089163/fragment-specific-fixation-versus-volar%C3%A2-locking-plates-in-primarily-nonreducible-or-secondarily-redisplaced%C3%A2-distal-radius-fractures-a%C3%A2-randomized-controlled-study
#18
Marcus Landgren, Antonio Abramo, Mats Geijer, Philippe Kopylov, Magnus Tägil
PURPOSE: To compare the patient-reported, clinical, and radiographic outcome of 2 methods of internal fixation in distal radius fractures. METHODS: Fifty patients, mean age 56 years (range, 21-69 years) with primarily nonreducible or secondarily redisplaced distal radius fractures were randomized to open reduction internal fixation using volar locking plates (n = 25) or fragment-specific fixation (n = 25). The patients were assessed on grip strength, range of motion, patient-reported outcome (Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand), pain (visual analog scale), health-related quality of life (Short Form-12 [SF-12]), and radiographic evaluation...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088674/people-s-reasons-for-wanting-to-complete-probation-use-and-predictive-validity-in-an-e-health-intervention
#19
Stephanie A Spohr, Faye S Taxman, Scott T Walters
The criminal justice system tends to emphasize external contingencies (e.g., fees, jail time) to motivate offender compliance. However, people's reasons for desistance vary considerably. This study evaluated the acceptability, utility, and predictive validity of questions that ask about people's reasons for wanting to successfully complete probation. Substance-using probationers (N=113) participated in a web-based computer intervention that targeted substance use and treatment initiation. Questions around seven dimensions of reasons for completing probation were developed to provide tailored feedback during the web-based program...
January 6, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088583/environmental-carcinogenesis-and-ph-homeostasis-not-only-a-matter-of-dysregulated-metabolism
#20
REVIEW
Kévin Hardonniere, Laurence Huc, Odile Sergent, Jørn A Holme, Dominique Lagadic-Gossmann
According to the World Health Organization, around 20% of all cancers would be due to environmental factors. Among these factors, several chemicals are indeed well recognized carcinogens. The widespread contaminant benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P), an often used model carcinogen of the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons' family, has been suggested to target most, if not all, cancer hallmarks described by Hanahan and Weinberg. It is classified as a group I carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer; however, the precise intracellular mechanisms underlying its carcinogenic properties remain yet to be thoroughly defined...
January 11, 2017: Seminars in Cancer Biology
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