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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936438/stressful-life-transitions-and-wellbeing-a-comparison-of-the-stress-buffering-hypothesis-and-the-social-identity-model-of-identity-change
#1
Nurul F Praharso, Morgan J Tear, Tegan Cruwys
The relationship between stressful life transitions and wellbeing is well established, however, the protective role of social connectedness has received mixed support. We test two theoretical models, the Stress Buffering Hypothesis and the Social Identity Model of Identity Change, to determine which best explains the relationship between social connectedness, stress, and wellbeing. Study 1 (N=165) was an experiment in which participants considered the impact of moving cities versus receiving a serious health diagnosis...
November 29, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936371/testing-cross-sectional-and-prospective-mediators-of-internalized-heterosexism-on-heavy-drinking-alcohol-problems-and-psychological-distress-among-heavy-drinking-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#2
Alexis Kuerbis, Ethan H Mereish, Marie Hayes, Christine M Davis, Sijing Shao, Jon Morgenstern
OBJECTIVE: Minority stress theory is one of the primary theories used to understand substance use among lesbian, gay, and bisexual populations. This study tested whether drinking to cope with stress (DTC), loneliness, and gay community participation (GCP) mediated the relationship between one type of minority stress (i.e., internalized heterosexism) and behavioral health outcomes. METHOD: Using secondary data analysis and the PROCESS procedure, relationships between internalized heterosexism, the mediators (DTC, loneliness, and GCP), and outcomes (heavy drinking, alcohol problems, and psychological distress) were explored, both cross-sectionally and in a lagged manner, among both treatment-seeking and non-treatment-seeking problem drinking men who have sex with men...
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936211/reliability-of-diagnosis-and-clinical-efficacy-of-cranial-osteopathy-a-systematic-review
#3
Albin Guillaud, Nelly Darbois, Richard Monvoisin, Nicolas Pinsault
CONTEXT: In 2010, the World Health Organization released benchmarks for training in osteopathy in which they considered cranial osteopathy as an important osteopathic skill. However, the evidence supporting the reliability of diagnosis and the efficacy of treatment in this field appears scientifically weak and inconsistent. OBJECTIVES: To identify and critically evaluate the scientific literature dealing with the reliability of diagnosis and the clinical efficacy of techniques and therapeutic strategies used in cranial osteopathy...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936118/challenges-in-evaluating-the-severity-of-fibropapillomatosis-a-proposal-for-objective-index-and-score-system-for-green-sea-turtles-chelonia-mydas-in-brazil
#4
Silmara Rossi, Angélica María Sánchez-Sarmiento, Ralph Eric Thijl Vanstreels, Robson Guimarães Dos Santos, Fabiola Eloisa Setim Prioste, Marco Aurélio Gattamorta, José Henrique Hildebrand Grisi-Filho, Eliana Reiko Matushima
Fibropapillomatosis (FP) is a neoplastic disease that affects marine turtles worldwide, especially green sea turtles (Chelonia mydas). FP tumors can develop on the body surface of marine turtles and also internally in the oral cavity and viscera. Depending on their quantity, size and anatomical distribution, these tumors can interfere with hydrodynamics and the ability to feed, hence scoring systems have been proposed in an attempt to quantify the clinical manifestation of FP. In order to establish a new scoring system adapted to geographic regions, we examined 214 juvenile green sea turtles with FP caught or rescued at Brazilian feeding areas, counted their 7466 tumors and classified them in relation to their size and anatomical distribution...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935517/diary-of-a-parliamentary-intern
#5
(no author information available yet)
Parliamentary veterinary intern Anthony Ridge considers the diverse group of people he has met over the past year and how this has changed his perspective on animal health and welfare and the values vets bring to society.
December 3, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935502/disease-surveillance-in-england-and-wales-november-2016
#6
(no author information available yet)
▪Current and emerging issues: recrudescence of Schmallenberg virus▪Highlights from the scanning surveillance network▪Update on international disease threats▪Focus on avian influenza in EuropeThese are among matters discussed in the Animal and Plant Health Agency's (APHA's) November disease surveillance report.
December 3, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935356/evaluation-of-a-new-ostomy-mouldable-seal-an-international-product-evaluation
#7
Chantal Tielemans, Rosalind Probert, Louise Forest-Lalande, Anne Steen Hansen, Søren Aggerholm, Teresa Adeltoft Ajslev
A new mouldable seal, Brava® Protective Seal, was evaluated by patients on aspects related to residue, durability, and preference. A total of 135 patients from four countries participated (Denmark, Germany, Japan and the USA) and the new product was compared to the patients' usual pouching systems. Less residue and easier skin cleansing was observed, which may benefit patient quality of life. The possible benefits of less residue for peristomal skin health need further investigation.
December 8, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935247/focusing-on-situation-specific-expectations-in-major-depression-as-basis-for-behavioural-experiments-development-of-the-depressive-expectations-scale
#8
Tobias Kube, Lisa D'Astolfo, Julia A Glombiewski, Bettina K Doering, Winfried Rief
OBJECTIVES: Dysfunctional expectations are considered to be core features of various mental disorders. The aim of the study was to develop the Depressive Expectations Scale (DES) as a depression-specific measure for the assessment of dysfunctional expectations. Whereas previous research primarily focused on general cognitions and attitudes, the DES assesses 25 future-directed expectations (originally 75 items) which are situation-specific and falsifiable. DESIGN AND METHODS: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the DES, the scale was completed by 175 participants with and without severe depressive symptoms in an online survey...
December 9, 2016: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934657/the-importance-of-quality-specifications-in-safety-assessments-of-amino-acids-the-cases-of-l-tryptophan-and-l-citrulline
#9
REVIEW
Hellen A Oketch-Rabah, Amy L Roe, Bill J Gurley, James C Griffiths, Gabriel I Giancaspro
The increasing consumption of amino acids from a wide variety of sources, including dietary supplements, natural health products, medical foods, infant formulas, athletic and work-out products, herbal medicines, and other national and international categories of nutritional and functional food products, increases the exposure to amino acids to amounts far beyond those normally obtained from the diet, thereby necessitating appropriate and robust safety assessments of these ingredients. Safety assessments of amino acids, similar to all food constituents, largely rely on the establishment of an upper limit [Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL)] considered to be a guide for avoiding high intake, above which adverse or toxic effects might occur...
December 2016: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934539/healthcare-reform-in-the-middle-east-and-the-usa
#10
Mustafa Z Younis
Mustafa Z Younis speaks to Laura Dormer, Commissioning Editor: Dr MZ Younis is an internationally recognized scholar and was a member of the Executive Committee of the International Society for Research of Healthcare Financial Management. Dr Younis has authored and published over 200 articles, abstracts and presentations in refereed journals and meetings, and has presented at national and international conferences. Dr Younis has administrative experience as Senior Adviser for the President at Zirve University, Turkey and as Chair of the Department of Health Policy and Management at Florida International University (FL, USA) where he led the accreditation efforts for the Healthcare Management Program...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933806/influence-of-ship-emissions-on-urban-air-quality-a-comprehensive-study-using-highly-time-resolved-online-measurements-and-numerical-simulation-in-shanghai
#11
Zhanmin Liu, Xiaohui Lu, Junlan Feng, Qianzhu Fan, Yan Zhang, Xin Yang
Shanghai has become an international shipping center in the world. In this study, the multi-year measurements and the high resolution air quality model with hourly ship emission inventory were combined to determine the influence of ship emissions on urban Shanghai. The aerosol time-of-flight mass spectrometer (ATOFMS) measurements were carried at an urban site from March 2009 to January 2013. During the entire sampling time, most of the hourly-averaged number fractions of primary ship emitted particles varied between 1...
December 9, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933614/antiviral-agents-for-infectious-mononucleosis-glandular-fever
#12
REVIEW
Muireann De Paor, Kirsty O'Brien, Tom Fahey, Susan M Smith
BACKGROUND: Infectious mononucleosis (IM) is a clinical syndrome, usually caused by the Epstein Barr virus (EPV), characterised by lymphadenopathy, fever and sore throat. Most cases of symptomatic IM occur in older teenagers or young adults. Usually IM is a benign self-limiting illness and requires only symptomatic treatment. However, occasionally the disease course can be complicated or prolonged and lead to decreased productivity in terms of school or work. Antiviral medications have been used to treat IM, but the use of antivirals for IM is controversial...
December 8, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933504/mental-health-support-provided-throughout-the-bariatric-surgery-clinical-pathway-in-french-specialized-care-centers-for-obesity
#13
Kristopher Lamore, Sandra S Kaci, Sébastien Czernichow, Marion Bretault, Jean-Luc Bouillot, Anne-Jeanne Naudé, Sandra Gribe-Ouaknine, Claire Carette, Cécile Flahault
OBJECTIVE: Pre-operative psychological assessment is recommended by international guidelines for bariatric surgery candidates. Thereby, service teams caring for bariatric patients should include at least one mental health provider (e.g., a psychologist or psychiatrist). The objective of this study was to evaluate the psychology and psychiatry resources and practices in the 37 specialized obesity centers (CSOs) created by the French Ministry of Health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CSO coordinators were contacted by e-mail to collect general information on the centers (e...
December 8, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933450/effects-of-exercise-intervention-in-breast-cancer-patients-is-mobile-health-mhealth-with-pedometer-more-effective-than-conventional-program-using-brochure
#14
Kyeong Eun Uhm, Ji Sung Yoo, Seung Hyun Chung, Jong Doo Lee, Ilkyun Lee, Joong Il Kim, Se Kyung Lee, Seok Jin Nam, Yong Hyun Park, Ji Youl Lee, Ji Hye Hwang
PURPOSE: To investigate and compare the effects of mobile health (mHealth) and pedometer with conventional exercise program using a brochure on physical function and quality of life (QOL). METHODS: The study was a prospective, quasi-randomized multicenter trial where 356 patients whose cancer treatment had been terminated were enrolled. All patients were instructed to perform a 12-week regimen of aerobic and resistance exercise. The mHealth group received a pedometer and a newly developed smartphone application to provide information and monitor the prescribed exercises...
December 8, 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933429/establishing-the-values-for-patient-engagement-pe-in-health-related-quality-of-life-hrqol-research-an-international-multiple-stakeholder-perspective
#15
Kirstie Haywood, Anne Lyddiatt, Samantha J Brace-McDonnell, Sophie Staniszewska, Sam Salek
PURPOSE: Active patient engagement is increasingly viewed as essential to ensuring that patient-driven perspectives are considered throughout the research process. However, guidance for patient engagement (PE) in HRQoL research does not exist, the evidence-base for practice is limited, and we know relatively little about underpinning values that can impact on PE practice. This is the first study to explore the values that should underpin PE in contemporary HRQoL research to help inform future good practice guidance...
December 8, 2016: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933228/who-inrud-prescribing-indicators-and-prescribing-trends-of-antibiotics-in-the-accident-and-emergency-department-of-bahawal-victoria-hospital-pakistan
#16
Muhammad Atif, Muhammad Azeem, Muhammad Rehan Sarwar, Samia Shahid, Sidra Javaid, Huria Ikram, Uzma Baig, Shane Scahill
A descriptive, retrospective and cross sectional study was conducted to assess the prescribing practices and antibiotic use patterns in the Accident and Emergency department of the Bahawal Victoria Hospital, Bahawalpur, Pakistan. A sample of 4320 prescriptions (systematic random sampling) was drawn out of a total of 1,080,000 prescriptions written during the period 1st January-31st December 2014. The standard World Health Organization/International Network for Rational Use of Drugs prescribing indicators were used to determine the prescribing practices of physicians...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933196/independent-association-of-glucocorticoids-with-damage-accrual-in-sle
#17
Diane Apostolopoulos, Rangi Kandane-Rathnayake, Sudha Raghunath, Alberta Hoi, Mandana Nikpour, Eric F Morand
OBJECTIVES: To determine factors associated with damage accrual in a prospective cohort of patients with SLE. METHODS: Patients with SLE who attended the Lupus Clinic at Monash Health, Australia, between 2007 and 2013 were studied. Clinical variables included disease activity (Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index-2K, SLEDAI-2K), time-adjusted mean SLEDAI, cumulative glucocorticoid dose and organ damage (Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics Damage Index (SDI))...
2016: Lupus Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933156/improving-the-accuracy-of-electronic-prescribing-in-west-bay-health-center-in-qatar
#18
Wafaa Yousuf, Sheren Elkomy, Mona Soliman, Noof Al-Mansouri, Mohamed Salem, Amal Al-Ali, Mohamed H Mahmoud, Hisham Elmahdi
Primary healthcare in Qatar uses electronic prescribing to reduce the risk of medication errors. Electronic prescribing is supported by computerized Physician Order Entry systems through Cerner (electronic medical record system). There are still prescription errors, despite electronic prescribing being in place for one year at West Bay Health Center. West Bay Health Center is a famous primary healthcare center in Qatar. It is a training center for the family medicine residency program, which is accredited by the accreditation council of general medical education international (ACGME-I)...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932869/person-centered-dementia-care-current-perspectives
#19
REVIEW
Jill Manthorpe, Kritika Samsi
Person-centered dementia care is widely accepted as a value-based commitment to supporting people with dementia and is a guiding principle in care services. Policy ambitions to put people at the center of their own care are being developed internationally. These may be seen as part of the evolution of person-centered care which has its origins in critical perspectives on practice and social responses to people with dementia. In England, one further development of person-centered care has been personalization - a government policy to extend individuals' choice and control over their social care and, latterly, ways to meet their health care needs...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932489/psychometric-properties-of-the-irish-management-standards-indicator-tool
#20
S Boyd, R Kerr, P Murray
BACKGROUND: Work Positive is Ireland's national policy initiative to control work-related stress. Since the introduction of the UK Health and Safety Executive's Management Standards (MS) in 2004, a number of studies have been undertaken to assess the potential adaptation of the MS framework within Ireland. AIMS: To investigate the dimensionality, reliability and validity of the Irish version of the MS Indicator Tool (ROI-MSIT). METHODS: Between February 2011 and June 2014, we collected data from a wide range of public and private sector organizations that used the ROI-MSIT...
December 7, 2016: Occupational Medicine
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