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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445438/reliability-and-validity-of-the-medical-outcomes-study-short-form-12-version-2-sf-12v2-in-adults-with-non-cancer-pain
#1
Corey J Hayes, Naleen Raj Bhandari, Niranjan Kathe, Nalin Payakachat
Limited evidence exists on how non-cancer pain (NCP) affects an individual's health-related quality of life (HRQoL). This study aimed to validate the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-12 Version 2 (SF-12v2), a generic measure of HRQoL, in a NCP cohort using the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Longitudinal Files. The SF Mental Component Summary (MCS12) and SF Physical Component Summary (PCS12) were tested for reliability (internal consistency and test-retest reliability) and validity (construct: convergent and discriminant; criterion: concurrent and predictive)...
April 26, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444844/iranian-clinical-trials-an-analysis-of-registered-trials-in-international-clinical-trial-registry-platform-ictrp
#2
Mansoureh Feizabadi, Fatemeh Fahimnia, Alireza Mosavi Jarrahi, Nader Naghshineh, Shahram Tofighi
BACKGROUND: It is important to specify the disease under investigation in studies registered in clinical trial registration systems. The demand for research on priority public health needs is notably on the rise. One indicator which helps identify the priorities of community public health and medical systems is the burden of disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Information on clinical trials carried out in Iran was downloaded from the portal of the International Clinical Trials Registry website...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444762/screening-allergic-reactions-to-resol-resin-based-on-phenol-and-formaldehyde-in-a-clinic-of-occupational-dermatology
#3
Kristiina Aalto-Korte, Katri Suuronen
BACKGROUND: Allergic reactions to resol-type phenol formaldehyde resin [phenol formaldehyde resin 2 (PFR2)] are relatively common. It has been suggested that PFR2 should be included in baseline series. However, a recent international study found clinical relevance in only 25% of patients. OBJECTIVES: To report the results of screening with PFR2 over a 5-year period (2012-2016), and to study the clinical relevance of allergic reactions to PFR2 over a 15-year period (2002-2016)...
April 25, 2017: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444712/the-urinary-microbiome-and-its-contribution-to-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-ici-rs-2015
#4
REVIEW
Marcus J Drake, Nicola Morris, Apostolos Apostolidis, Mohammad S Rahnama'i, Julian R Marchesi
AIMS: The microbiome is the term used for the symbiotic microbial colonisation of healthy organs. Studies have found bacterial identifiers within voided urine which is apparently sterile on conventional laboratory culture, and accordingly there may be health and disease implications. METHODS: The International Consultation on Incontinence Research Society (ICI-RS) established a literature review and expert consensus discussion focussed on the increasing awareness of the urinary microbiome, and potential research priorities...
April 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444703/how-does-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction-affect-sexual-function-in-men-and-women-ici-rs-2015-part-1
#5
REVIEW
Angie Rantell, Apostolos Apostolidis, Ralf Anding, Ruth Kirschner-Hermanns, Linda Cardozo
AIM: The aim of this paper is to review the literature on the effect of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) on sexual function and dysfunction. METHODS: At the International Consultation on Incontinence-Research Society (ICI-RS) in 2015, a multidisciplinary group presented a literature search of what is known about the effect of lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) on sexual function (SF) in men and women. Wider discussions regarding knowledge gaps and ideal research methodology ensued...
April 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444695/exercise-therapy-for-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#6
REVIEW
Lillebeth Larun, Kjetil G Brurberg, Jan Odgaard-Jensen, Jonathan R Price
BACKGROUND: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is characterised by persistent, medically unexplained fatigue, as well as symptoms such as musculoskeletal pain, sleep disturbance, headaches and impaired concentration and short-term memory. CFS presents as a common, debilitating and serious health problem. Treatment may include physical interventions, such as exercise therapy, which was last reviewed in 2004. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to determine the effects of exercise therapy (ET) for patients with CFS as compared with any other intervention or control...
April 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444253/fear-of-falling-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-which-clinical-characteristics-are-important
#7
Hanan Khalil, Alham Al-Shorman, Khalid El-Salem, Nour Abdo, Alia A Alghwiri, Aseel Aburub, Sarah Shalabi, Firas Al-Mustafa
Background.: Fear of falling (FOF) is an important risk indicator for health related outcomes and quality of life in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). However, factors associated with FOF in MS are not well investigated. Objectives.: This study was done to explore predictors of FOF in this population. Methods.: Seventy relapsing remitting patients with MS were evaluated. FOF was assessed using Fall Efficacy Scale-International (FES-I)...
April 21, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444155/hospitalization-rates-among-people-with-hiv-aids-in-new-york-city-2013
#8
Rachael Lazar, Laura Kersanske, Qiang Xia, Demetre Daskalakis, Sarah L Braunstein
Background: Hospitalizations are an important indicator of health care quality and access for people with HIV/AIDS. This study assesses hospitalization rates among people with HIV/AIDS in New York City. Methods: We performed a deterministic match between people in the New York City HIV surveillance registry alive as of 1/1/2013 and diagnosed with HIV as of 12/31/2013 and patient-level inpatient hospitalization records during 2013. Event-level data were analyzed to determine characteristics of and reasons for hospitalizations...
April 24, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444058/-quality-of-life-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-study-among-primary-care-users
#9
Carolina Coelho Scholl, Viviane Porto Tabeleão, Rafaelle Stark Stigger, Jéssica Puchalski Trettim, Mariana Bonati de Mattos, Andressa Jacondino Pires, Mariane Acosta Lopez Molina, Ricardo Azevedo da Silva, Elaine Tomasi, Luciana de Avila Quevedo
Quality of life (QOL) can be affected by the presence of mental disorders, like Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD). Thus, the evaluation and monitoring of QOL in patients with mental disorders enables the identification of priorities, making it possible to implement actions to improve QOL among health system users. The scope of this article is to measure QOL in OCD patients in primary health care. It involves a cross-sectional study with a convenience sample including all users of three Basic Health Units of Pelotas in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil...
April 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444034/brazilian-healthcare-in-the-context-of-austerity-private-sector-dominant-government-sector-failing
#10
Nilson do Rosário Costa
This paper presents the arguments in favor of government intervention in financing and regulation of health in Brazil. It describes the organizational arrangement of the Brazilian health system, for the purpose of reflection on the austerity agenda proposed for the country. Based on the literature in health economics, it discusses the hypothesis that the health sector in Brazil functions under the dominance of the private sector. The categories employed for analysis are those of the national health spending figures...
April 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443378/toxicity-resulting-from-exposure-to-oven-cleaners-as-reported-to-the-uk-national-poisons-information-service-npis-from-2009-to-2015
#11
Rachael C Day, Sally M Bradberry, Euan A Sandilands, Simon H L Thomas, John P Thompson, J Allister Vale
INTRODUCTION: Oven cleaning products contain corrosive substances, typically sodium or potassium hydroxide. OBJECTIVE: To determine the reported toxicity from exposure to oven cleaning products. METHODS: Telephone enquiries to the UK National Poisons Information Service regarding oven cleaning products were analysed retrospectively for the period January 2009 to December 2015. RESULTS: There were 796 enquiries relating to 780 patients...
April 26, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443283/vascular-access-site-for-renal-replacement-therapy-in-acute-kidney-injury-a-post-hoc-analysis-of-the-atn-study
#12
Yue-Harn Ng, Kavitha Ganta, Herbert Davis, V Shane Pankratz, Mark Unruh
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury requiring renal replacement therapy (RRT) in the intensive care unit portends a poor prognosis. The decisions regarding dialysis catheter placement is based mainly on physician discretion with little evidence to support the choice of dialysis catheter location. METHODS: The Veterans Affairs/National Institutes of Health Acute Renal Failure Trial Network Study was a multicenter, prospective, randomized trial of intensive vs. less intensive RRT in critically ill patients with AKI...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443274/the-guatemala-penn-partners-an-innovative-inter-institutional-model-for-scientific-capacity-building-healthcare-education-and-public-health
#13
Maria Alejandra Paniagua-Avila, Elizabeth Messenger, Caroline A Nelson, Erwin Calgua, Frances K Barg, Kent W Bream, Charlene Compher, Anthony J Dean, Sergio Martinez-Siekavizza, Victor Puac-Polanco, Therese S Richmond, Rudolf R Roth, Charles C Branas
Population health outcomes are directly related to robust public health programs, access to basic health services, and a well-trained health-care workforce. Effective health services need to systematically identify solutions, scientifically test these solutions, and share generated knowledge. The World Health Organization (WHO)'s Global Healthcare Workforce Alliance states that the capacity to perform research is an essential factor for well-functioning public health systems. Low- and middle-income countries have greater health-care worker shortages and lower research capacity than higher-income countries...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443273/utilizing-the-plan-do-study-act-framework-to-explore-the-process-of-curricular-assessment-and-redesign-in-a-physical-therapy-education-program-in-suriname
#14
Jennifer Gail Audette, Se-Sergio Baldew, Tony C M S Chang, Jessica de Vries, Nancy Ho A Tham, Johanna Janssen, Andre Vyt
PURPOSE: To describe how a multinational team worked together to transition a physical therapy (PT) educational program in Paramaribo, Suriname, from a Bachelor level to a Master of Science in Physical Therapy (MSPT) level. The team was made up of PT faculty from Anton De Kom Universiteit van Suriname (AdeKUS), the Flemish Interuniversity Council University Development Cooperation (VLIR-UOS) leadership, and Health Volunteers Overseas volunteers. In this case study, the process for curricular assessment, redesign, and upgrade is described retrospectively using a Plan, Do, Study, Act (PDSA) framework...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442454/impact-of-information-and-communication-technologies-on-nursing-care-results-of-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#15
Geneviève Rouleau, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, José Côté, Julie Payne-Gagnon, Emilie Hudson, Carl-Ardy Dubois
BACKGROUND: Information and communication technologies (ICTs) are becoming an impetus for quality health care delivery by nurses. The use of ICTs by nurses can impact their practice, modifying the ways in which they plan, provide, document, and review clinical care. OBJECTIVE: An overview of systematic reviews was conducted to develop a broad picture of the dimensions and indicators of nursing care that have the potential to be influenced by the use of ICTs. METHODS: Quantitative, mixed-method, and qualitative reviews that aimed to evaluate the influence of four eHealth domains (eg, management, computerized decision support systems [CDSSs], communication, and information systems) on nursing care were included...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442210/issues-of-survivorship-and-rehabilitation-in-soft-tissue-sarcoma
#16
C Gerrand, S Furtado
As the number of survivors of extremity soft tissue sarcoma increases, so does the need to understand the experience of survivors and develop measures, systems and services that support rehabilitation into normal life roles. Survivorship includes considerations of the physical, psychological and social domains, of which the physical sequelae of treatment are the best characterised in the literature. The survivorship experience may include disability, pain, lymphoedema, psychological problems, as well as difficulty with employment, relationships and lower quality of life...
April 22, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442175/reframing-continence-care-in-care-dependence
#17
Joan Ostaszkiewicz
International guidelines promote active investigation and treatment of incontinence; however, these guidelines do not fully accommodate the psychosocial aspects associated with providing continence care i.e. the caregiving dynamics. The author developed a new framework that aims to support nurses and care workers in their efforts to identify and meet the continence care needs of individuals with complex health conditions who are dependent on another person for assistance to manage incontinence or to maintain continence...
April 23, 2017: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442104/zika-virus-infection-and-its-emerging-trends-in-southeast-asia
#18
REVIEW
Ahmad Ruzain Salehuddin, Haszianaliza Haslan, Norshalizah Mamikutty, Nurul Hannim Zaidun, Mohamad Fairuz Azmi, Mohamad Mu'izuddin Senin, Syed Baharom Syed Ahmad Fuad, Zar Chi Thent
Zika virus is a mosquito-borne flavivirus that represents a public health emergency at the ongoing epidemic. Previously, this rare virus was limited to sporadic cases in Africa and Asia until its emergence in Brazil, South America in 2015, where it rapidly spread throughout the world. Recently, a high number of cases were reported in Singapore and other Southeast Asia countries. A combination of factors explains the current Zika virus outbreak although it is highly likely that the changes in the climate and high frequency of travelling contribute to the spread of Aedes vector carrying the Zika virus mainly to the tropical climate countries such as the Southeast Asia...
March 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442074/predictors-of-perceived-barriers-to-physical-activity-in-the-general-adult-population-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Yaneth Herazo-Beltrán, Yisel Pinillos, José Vidarte, Estela Crissien, Damaris Suarez, Rafael García
BACKGROUND: The perception of personal barriers to physical activity varies according to the sociodemographic characteristics of individuals. OBJECTIVE: To determine the predictors of the perception of barriers to physical activity in the adult population. METHOD: A cross-sectional study with 1066 adult women and 1036 adult men. The sociodemographic variables (age, gender, marital status, socioeconomic level, level of education), the perception of barriers that do not allow performance of physical activity (i...
January 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442072/predictive-equations-for-maximal-respiratory-pressures-of-children-aged-7-10
#20
George J da Rosa, André M Morcillo, Maíra S de Assumpção, Camila I S Schivinski
BACKGROUND: Measurements of respiratory muscle strength are widely used for assessment in children; however, clearly defined predictive equations for the Brazilian pediatric population have yet to be established. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prediction equations for maximal respiratory pressures in healthy children. METHOD: Cross-sectional observational study with normal-weight students aged 7-10 years (n=399, 198 boys) with health attested by the (International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood) questionnaire and medical history...
January 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
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