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alpha 2 macroglobulin

L Renee Ruhaak
In recent years, high-throughput glycomics approaches have been developed and applied to either complete biofluids, cell lysates or tissues, or proteins isolated thereof. However, during such analyses the N-glycan are released from the protein backbone and therefore site- and protein-specific information is lost. There exists a need for high-throughput methods that allow quantification of site- and protein-specific glycosylation patterns from complex biological mixtures. We here describe the use of a multiple reaction monitoring mass spectrometry based method for the generation of glycopeptide profiles of the nine high abundance glycoproteins IgG, IgA, IgM, haptoglobin, alpha-1-antitrypsin, alpha-2-macroglobulin, alpha-1-acid glycoprotein, transferrin, and complement C3...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
D von Reibnitz, E D Yorke, J H Oh, A Apte, A J Wu, M Fleisher, E Gelb, J O Deasy, A Rimner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Jason D Keene, Sean Jacobson, Katerina Kechris, Gregory L Kinney, Marilyn G Foreman, Claire M Doerschuk, Barry J Make, Jeffrey L Curtis, Stephen I Rennard, R Graham Barr, Eugene R Bleecker, Richard E Kanner, Eric C Kleerup, Nadia N Hansel, Prescott G Woodruff, MeiLan K Han, Robert Paine Iii, Fernando J Martinez, Russell P Bowler, Wanda K O'Neal
RATIONALE: COPD exacerbations are associated with disease progression, higher healthcare cost, and increased mortality. Published predictors of future exacerbations include previous exacerbation, airflow obstruction, poor overall health, home oxygen use, and gastroesophageal reflux. The value of adding blood biomarkers to clinical variables to predict exacerbations remains unproven. METHODS: Subjects from SPIROMICS (n=1544) and COPDGene (n=602) cohorts had 90 plasma or serum candidate proteins measured on study entry using Myriad-RBM multiplex panels...
August 31, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Eun Sun Ji, Heeyoun Hwang, Gun Wook Park, Ju Yeon Lee, Hyun Kyoung Lee, Na Young Choi, Hoi Keun Jeong, Kwang Hoe Kim, Jin Young Kim, Seungho Lee, Yeong Hee Ahn, Jong Shin Yoo
Fucosylation of N-glycoproteins has been implicated in various diseases, such as hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, few studies have performed site-specific analysis of fucosylation in liver-secreted proteins. In this study, we characterized the fucosylation patterns of liver-secreted proteins in HCC plasma using a workflow to identify site-specific N-glycoproteins, where characteristic B- and/or Y-ion series with and without fucose in collision-induced dissociation were used in tandem mass spectrometry...
November 2016: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Shankar Suman, Trayambak Basak, Prachi Gupta, Sanjay Mishra, Vijay Kumar, Shantanu Sengupta, Yogeshwer Shukla
UNLABELLED: The early diagnosis and successful treatment of breast cancer (BC) is still a challenging task due to the diverse origin and functional heterogeneity of cancer cells. The heterogeneity of BC may likely to explained by molecular BC subtypes, comprises Luminal-A (LA), Luminal-B (LB), Triple-negative (TN) and HER2-positive (HP), which are governed by a variety of cancer associated pathways. To identify protein signatures in different BC subtypes, we performed isobaric tag for absolute and relative quantitation (iTRAQ) of enriched blood plasma samples of BC subtypes (N=32) and healthy subjects (N=8)...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Proteomics
Zhongliang Wang, Bei Wang, Gang Chen, Yishan Lu, Jichang Jian, Zaohe Wu
Alpha-2 macroglobulin (α2M) is a ubiquitous protease inhibitor and considered to be an evolutionarily conserved constituent of innate host defence system. Here, an α2M gene (designated as Pfα2M) was obtained from the pearl oyster Pinctada fucata by RT-PCR, PCR walking and rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE). The Pfα2M cDNA consists of 6394 bp with an open reading frame (ORF) of 5745 bp encoding a protein of 1914 amino acids with a 19 residues signal peptide. Pfα2M sequence contains three putative functional domains, including a bait region, a thiol ester domain and a receptor-binding domain...
August 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
N Gligorijević, O Nedić
Fibrinogen is a plasma glycoprotein and one of the principle participants in blood coagulation. It interacts with many proteins during formation of a blood clot, including insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) and their binding proteins (IGFBP). Fibrinogen complexes were found as minor fractions in fibrinogen preparations independently of the coagulation process, and their presence influences the kinetics of polymerization. The idea of this work was to investigate whether fibrinogen in human plasma interacts with IGFBPs independently of the tissue injury or coagulation process...
February 2016: Biochemistry. Biokhimii︠a︡
Alessio Cortelazzo, Claudio De Felice, Roberto Guerranti, Cinzia Signorini, Silvia Leoncini, Gloria Zollo, Roberto Leoncini, Anna Maria Timperio, Lello Zolla, Lucia Ciccoli, Joussef Hayek
PURPOSE: A role for inflammation and oxidative stress is reported in autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). Here, we tested possible changes in expression and/or oxidative status for plasma proteins in subjects with ASDs. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: To evaluate protein expression and protein adducts of lipid peroxidation-derived aldehyde, analysis of plasma proteins was performed in 30 subjects with ASDs and compared with 30 healthy controls with typical development, using a proteomic approach...
June 1, 2016: Proteomics. Clinical Applications
X Chen, Z H Xie, Y X Lv, Q P Tang, H Zhang, J Y Zhang, B Wu, W H Jiang
BACKGROUND: Proteomics tools can be used to identify the differentially expressed proteins related to allergic rhinitis (AR). However, the large numbers of proteins related to AR have not yet been explored using an advanced quantitative proteomics approach, known as isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ). OBJECTIVES: To identify differentially expressed proteins in persistent AR patients and to explore the regulatory signalling pathways involving the identified proteins...
June 2016: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Sara Carvalho, Esther G C Troost, Judith Bons, Paul Menheere, Philippe Lambin, Cary Oberije
AIM: Improve the prognostic prediction of clinical variables for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), by selecting from blood-biomarkers, non-invasively describing hypoxia, inflammation and tumour load. METHODS: Model development and validation included 182 and 181 inoperable stage I-IIIB NSCLC patients treated radically with radiotherapy (55.2%) or chemo-radiotherapy (44.8%). Least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO), selected from blood-biomarkers related to hypoxia [osteopontin (OPN) and carbonic anhydrase IX (CA-IX)], inflammation [interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-8, and C-reactive protein (CRP)], and tumour load [carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), and cytokeratin fragment 21-1 (Cyfra 21-1)]...
June 2016: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
Mi Young Ahn, Jae Sam Hwang, Min-Ji Kim, Kun-Koo Park
Glycosaminoglycan (GAG) from cricket (Gryllus bimaculatus) was studied as a potential health supplement. Antiatherosclerotic and antilipidemic effects of the GAG of G. bimaculatus (GbG, 5 or 10 mg/kg) were investigated in 15-week old Wistar rats treated with GbG for over a month. GbG produced a meaningful anti-edema effect with inhibition of C-reactive protein (CRP). Also, the weights of abdominal and epididymidal fat were also reduced in conjunction with a mild increase in body weight. Furthermore, the sero-biochemical parameters showed an antihyperlipidemic effect with decreased levels of phospholipid, AST, ALT, total cholesterol and glucose in a dose-dependent manner...
July 2016: Archives of Pharmacal Research
Hiam Elabd, Han-Ping Wang, Adel Shaheen, Hong Yao, Amany Abbass
The current work assessed the potential immunomodulatory and growth-promoting effects of Astragalus membranaceus (AM) and Glycyrrhiza glabra (liquorice) in Yellow perch (Perca flavescens). In this regard, fish with an average weight of 31 ± 1.0 g were divided into five groups, and fed daily with an additive-free basal diet (control); 1, 2, and 3% (w/w) Glycyrrhiza glabra, and the fifth diet was incorporated with a combination of 1% G. glabra-AM for a four-week period. Immunological, biochemical and growth parameters were measured; and sub-groups of fish were exposed to 1-week starvation...
July 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Wenhui Qiu, Yang Shen, Chenyuan Pan, Shuai Liu, Minghong Wu, Ming Yang, Ke-Jian Wang
Bisphenol A (BPA) is a well-known estrogenic endocrine disrupting chemical (EDC) ubiquitously present in various environmental media. The present study aims to identify the responsive genes in male fish chronically exposed to low concentrations of BPA at the transcription level. We screened genes from a suppression subtractive hybridization library constructed from male medaka (Oryzias latipes) livers after 60-d exposure to 10μg/L BPA under the condition at which changes of hepatic antioxidant parameters have been previously reported...
August 2016: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Jaison Arivalagan, Benjamin Marie, Victoria A Sleight, Melody S Clark, Sophie Berland, Arul Marie
Mya truncata, a soft shell clam, is presented as a new model to study biomineralization through a proteomics approach. In this study, the shell and mantle tissue were analysed in order to retrieve knowledge about the secretion of shell matrix proteins (SMPs). Out of 67 and 127 shell and mantle proteins respectively, 16 were found in both shell and mantle. Bioinformatic analysis of SMP sequences for domain prediction revealed the presence of several new domains such as fucolectin tachylectin-4 pentraxin-1 (FTP), scavenger receptor, alpha-2-macroglobulin (α2 M), lipocalin and myosin tail along with previously reported SMP domains such as chitinase, carbonic anhydrase, tyrosinase, sushi, and chitin binding...
June 2016: Marine Genomics
Monali Wakle-Prabagaran, Ramón A Lorca, Xiaofeng Ma, Susan J Stamnes, Chinwendu Amazu, Jordy J Hsiao, Celeste M Karch, Krzysztof L Hyrc, Michael E Wright, Sarah K England
The large-conductance, voltage-gated, calcium (Ca(2+))-activated potassium channel (BKCa) plays an important role in regulating Ca(2+)signaling and is implicated in the maintenance of uterine quiescence during pregnancy. We used immunopurification and mass spectrometry to identify proteins that interact with BKCain myometrium samples from term pregnant (≥37 wk gestation) women. From this screen, we identified alpha-2-macroglobulin (α2M). We then used immunoprecipitation followed by immunoblot and the proximity ligation assay to confirm the interaction between BKCaand both α2M and its receptor, low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP1), in cultured primary human myometrial smooth muscle cells (hMSMCs)...
April 19, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Tsung-Ju Chung, Kai-Yuen Hsu, Jui-Hung Chen, Jhih-Syuan Liu, Hsiao-Wen Chang, Peng-Fei Li, Chia-Luen Huang, Yi-Shing Shieh, Chien-Hsing Lee
AIMS/INTRODUCTION: Studies suggest that salivary proteins can be used as potential non-invasive markers for clinical diagnosis and screening for diabetes. Previous reports showed that plasma alpha 2-macroglobulin (A2MG) levels were higher in diabetic patients, especially with diabetic complications. We investigated the relationship between salivary A2MG values and clinical characteristics in patients with type 2 diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 91 adults were recruited from our outpatient clinics...
March 2016: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
Jing Qian, Chunhua Ren, Jianjun Xia, Ting Chen, Zonghe Yu, Chaoqun Hu
The non-specific protease inhibitor alpha-2-macroglobulin (A2M) is a key macromolecular glycoprotein that involved in host immune defense against pathogens in vertebrates and invertebrates. However, no research regarding A2M has been developed in echinoderms to date. In this study, the full-length cDNA of A2M was cloned from the sea cucumber (Holothuria atra), which is a tropical species widely distributed along the coasts of the South China Sea and designated HaA2M. HaA2M possesses all three conserved functional domains of known A2M proteins, including the bait region domain, thioester domain and receptor-binding domain...
July 10, 2016: Gene
Colby S Shemesh, Rosie Z Yu, Hans J Gaus, Punit P Seth, Eric E Swayze, Frank C Bennett, Richard S Geary, Scott P Henry, Yanfeng Wang
To investigate the pharmacokinetics (PKs) and pharmacodynamics (PDs) for ION-353382, an antisense oligonucleotide (ASO) targeting scavenger receptor class B type I (SRB1) mRNA, using alpha-2-macroglobulin (A2M), murinoglobulin double-knockout (DKO), and wild-type mice. Wild-type and DKO homozygous mice were administered a single subcutaneous injection of ION-353382 at 0, 5, 15, 30, and 60 mg/kg. Mice were sacrificed at 72 h with plasma and organs harvested. Both liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were used to determine ASO exposure with real-time PCR for SRB1 expression...
August 2016: Nucleic Acid Therapeutics
Zein Shaban Ibrahim, Mohamed Abdo Nassan, Mohamed Mohamed Soliman
The present study aimed to investigate the molecular mechanism underlying the hepatoprotective effects of pomegranate (POM) against oxidative stress in a rat model of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced liver damage. Injection of rats with CCl4 resulted in hepatic inflammation and lipid accumulation via the upregulation of interleukin (IL)‑6 and sterol regulatory element‑binding protein 1c (SREBP‑1c) mRNA expression. CCl4 induced downregulation of the anti‑inflammatory factors alpha 2‑macroglobulin (α‑2M) and IL‑10 in comparison with the POM treated group...
April 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Ruschca Jacobs, Enock Tshehla, Stephanus Malherbe, Magdalena Kriel, Andre G Loxton, Kim Stanley, Gian van der Spuy, Gerhard Walzl, Novel N Chegou
BACKGROUND: There is an urgent need for new tools for the rapid diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) disease in resource-constrained settings. Tests based on host immunological biomarkers maybe useful, especially if based on easily available samples. We investigated host biomarkers detected in saliva samples from individuals with suspected pulmonary TB disease, as tools for the diagnosis of TB disease and monitoring of the response to treatment. METHODS: We collected saliva samples from 104 individuals that presented with symptoms requiring investigation for TB disease at a primary health care clinic in the outskirts of Cape Town, South Africa, prior to assessment for TB disease...
May 2016: Cytokine
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