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Parvin Babaei, Samaneh Ghorbani Shirkouhi, Rastegar Hosseini, Bahram Soltani Tehrani
Purpose: Here, we studied the beneficial effects of aerobic exercise on metabolic syndrome components, cognitive performance, brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and irisin in ovariectomized rats with different serum vitamin D (Vit D) status. Methods: Eighty female wistar rats were divided into 2 groups of sham operated (sham, n = 8), and ovariectomized (OVX, n = 72). Then OVX were divided into 9 groups of receiving combination of exercise protocol with low dose of Vit D (OVX + EXE + LD), high dose of Vit D (OVX + EXE + HD), Vit D deficiency (OVX + EXE - D), and (OVX + EXE + Veh)...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
Ahmed F Fasfous, Haya F Al-Joudi, Antonio E Puente, Miguel Pérez-García
Although Arabic is one of the most widely used languages in the world, little is known on the availability of standardized neuropsychological tests in Arabic. We review the literature published before 2016, using the keywords Arab*, cogniti*, and neuropsycholo*, as well as keywords for each Arab country. PubMed, PsycINFO, Education Source, Academic Search Complete, Education Resources Information Center, Shamaa, and Arabpsynet databases were searched, in addition to a selected number of Arabic medical and educational journals...
June 2017: Neuropsychology Review
Rafael Penadés, Alexandre González-Rodríguez, Rosa Catalán, Bàrbara Segura, Miquel Bernardo, Carme Junqué
AIM: To examine the effects of cognitive remediation therapies on brain functioning through neuroimaging procedures in patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: A systematic, computerised literature search was conducted in the PubMed/Medline and PsychInfo databases. The search was performed through February 2016 without any restrictions on language or publication date. The search was performed using the following search terms: [("cogniti*" and "remediation" or "training" or "enhancement") and ("fMRI" or "MRI" or "PET" or "SPECT") and (schizophrenia or schiz*)]...
March 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
Michael J Bonares, A Leonardo de Oliveira Manoel, R Loch Macdonald, Tom A Schweizer
OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the literature on the neuropsychological, psychosocial, and functional profiles of patients with unruptured intracranial aneurysms. METHODS: This review was limited to peer-reviewed research articles that reported cognitive, psychosocial, and/or functional profiles of patients with unruptured intracranial aneurysms. Studies were identified through Medline and PsychINFO by searching "(unruptured [intracranial OR cerebral] aneurysm) AND (cogniti* OR neuropsycholog* OR anxiety OR depression OR [quality of life] OR work OR employment OR [activities of daily living] OR [instrumental activities of daily living])...
March 2014: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
Maria Semkovska, Deborah Keane, Oyemi Babalola, Declan M McLoughlin
To clarify advantages of unilateral electrode placement as an optimisation technique for electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) for depression, aims were to meta-analyse unilateral ECT effects on cognitive performance relative to: (1) bitemporal electrode placement, (2) electrical dosage, and (3) time interval between final treatment and cognitive reassessment. Relevant electronic databases were systematically searched through May 2009, using the terms: "electroconvulsive therapy" and ["cogniti∗", "neuropsycholog∗", "memory", "attention", "executive", "spatial", or "intellectual"]...
June 2011: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Nadia Solowij, Nicole Pesa
OBJECTIVE: Evidence that cannabis use impairs cognitive function in humans has been accumulating in recent decades. The purpose of this overview is to update knowledge in this area with new findings from the most recent literature. METHOD: Literature searches were conducted using the Web of Science database up to February 2010. The terms searched were: "cannabi*" or "marijuana", and "cogniti*" or "memory" or "attention" or "executive function", and human studies were reviewed preferentially over the animal literature...
May 2010: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
Lydia Krabbendam, Baer Arts, Jim van Os, André Aleman
OBJECTIVE: Evidence suggests that cognitive functioning in bipolar disorder may be impaired even in euthymic states, but it is unclear if the pattern of deficits is similar to the deficits found in schizophrenia. The aim of this study was to review quantitatively the studies on cognitive performance in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. METHODS: Articles for consideration were identified through a literature search in MEDLINE and PsycLIT in the period between 1985 and October 2004, using the keywords "schizophrenia" combined with "bipolar disorder", or "manic-depress*" or "manic" combined with "cogniti*" or "neuropsycholog*"...
December 15, 2005: Schizophrenia Research
J Finsterer, D Lubec, K Jellinger, B Mamoli
We report a 74-year-old woman with progressive cognitial deterioration and changes in personality. She had no clinical signs of an inflammatory CNS process, but brain CT and MRI scans and cytologic examination of the CSF were initially indicative of encephalitis and ventriculitis. Antiviral and antibacterial therapy had no effect on the course of symptoms, and patient became comatose. We established the diagnosis of a primary CNS mantle cell lymphoma (PCNSL) and began corticosteroids. Within a few days the patient became alert and was able to walk again...
March 1996: Neurology
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