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Agarose gel

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334501/unravelling-a-direct-role-for-polysaccharide-%C3%AE-strands-in-the-higher-order-structure-of-physical-hydrogels
#1
Anja Rüther, Aurelien Forget, Anjan Roy, Carolina Carballo, Florian Mießmer, Rina K Dukor, Laurence A Nafie, Christian Johannessen, V Prasad Shastri, Steffen Lüdeke
The mechanical properties of agarose-derived hydrogels depend on the scaffolding of the polysaccharide network. To identify and quantify such higher order structure, we applied Raman optical activity (ROA)-a spectroscopic technique that is highly sensitive toward carbohydrates-on native agarose and chemically modified agarose in the gel phase for the first time. By spectral global fitting, we isolated features that change as a function of backbone carboxylation (28, 40, 50, 60, 80, and 93 %) from other features that remain unchanged...
March 23, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330270/expression-and-purification-of-a-gene-encoding-a-9-7%C3%A2-kda-pe-protein-of-mycobacterium-avium-subsp-paratuberculosis
#2
S Chandra Sekar, P P Goswami, R Deb
Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (Map) contains PE family antigens which are Proline and glutamic acid rich and may play important role as T-cell antigens. In the present study, the Map 1507 ORF encoding 9.7 kDa PE protein was amplified by polymerase chain reaction and cloned into E. coli vector pQE30 UA. The recombinant plasmid designated as pQ PE was transformed into E. coli M15 cells and induced with IPTG revealed the high level expression of 11.9 kDa His-fusion protein as estimated by migration in 15 % sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE)...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330145/enhanced-xylitol-production-using-immobilized-candida-tropicalis-with-non-detoxified-corn-cob-hemicellulosic-hydrolysate
#3
Tatyaso Yewale, Shruti Panchwagh, Srinivasan Rajagopalan, Pradip B Dhamole, Rishi Jain
This study reports an industrially applicable non-sterile xylitol fermentation process to produce xylitol from a low-cost feedstock like corn cob hydrolysate as pentose source without any detoxification. Different immobilization matrices/mediums (alginate, polyvinyl alcohol, agarose gel, polyacrylamide, gelatin, and κ-carrageenan) were studied to immobilize Candida tropicalis NCIM 3123 cells for xylitol production. Amongst this calcium alginate, immobilized cells produced maximum amount of xylitol with titer of 11...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324510/analysis-of-telomere-homologous-dna-with-different-conformations-using-2d-agarose-electrophoresis-and-in-gel-hybridization
#4
Zepeng Zhang, Qian Hu, Yong Zhao
In mammalian cells, in addition to double-stranded telomeric DNA at chromosome ends, extra telomere-homologous DNA is present that adopts different conformations, including single-stranded G- or C-rich DNA, extrachromosomal circular DNA (T-circle), and telomeric complex (T-complex) with an unidentified structure. The formation of such telomere-homologous DNA is closely related to telomeric DNA metabolism and chromosome end protection by telomeres. Conventional agarose gel electrophoresis is unable to separate DNA based on conformation...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319884/sodium-chlorate-induces-dna-damage-and-dna-protein-cross-linking-in-rat-intestine-a-dose-dependent-study
#5
Shaikh Nisar Ali, Fariheen Aisha Ansari, Hussain Arif, Riaz Mahmood
Sodium chlorate (NaClO3) is widely used in paper and pulp industries and as a non-selective herbicide. It is also a major by-product generated upon disinfection of drinking water by chlorine dioxide. In this study, we have investigated the genotoxicity of NaClO3 on the small intestine of rats. Adult male rats were divided into 5 groups: one control and four NaClO3 treated groups. The NaClO3 treated groups were given a single acute oral dose of NaClO3 (100, 250, 500 and 750 mg/kg body weight) and sacrificed 24 h later...
March 8, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294563/a-new-material-for-tissue-engineered-vagina-reconstruction-acellular-porcine-vagina-matrix
#6
Jing-Kun Zhang, Run-Xuan Du, Lin Zhang, Ya-Nan Li, Ming-le Zhang, Shuo Zhao, Xiang-Hua Huang, Yan-Fang Xu
Acellular matrix materials have been widely used to repair various tissues and organs. According to the plastic principle, when a part of the body is lost, it should be replaced with a similar material. Therefore, the use of a homologous organ-specific acellular vaginal tissue in vagina reconstruction repair surgery may show good results. However, the acellular vagina matrix (AVM) form large vertebrates is difficult to isolate. In this study, we described a multi-step method to prepare porcine AVM and evaluated the efficacy of acellularization...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288092/effect-of-mir-106b-on-invasiveness-of-pituitary-adenoma-via-pten-pi3k-akt
#7
Zhiming Zheng, Yongchao Zhang, Zhen Zhang, Yihang Yang, Tao Song
BACKGROUND Pituitary adenomas are mostly benign tumors, although certain cases have invasiveness, which might be related with high expression of miR-106b. The PTEN-PI3K/AKT signal pathway is known to be related with cell migration and invasion. Among these, PTEN is the target gene for miR-106b. Whether miR-106b affects invasiveness of pituitary adenoma via PTEN-PI3K/AKT is unclear. MATERIAL AND METHODS Both invasive and non-invasive pituitary adenoma tissue samples were collected from our Neurosurgery Department, in parallel with brain tissues after head contusion surgery...
March 13, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285876/one-pot-synthesis-of-a-new-2-substituted-1-2-3-triazole-1-oxide-derivative-from-dipyridyl-ketone-and-isonitrosoacetophenone-hydrazone-nickel-ii-complex-dna-binding-and-cleavage-properties
#8
Ramazan Gup, Oktay Erer, Nefise Dilek
An efficient and simple one-pot synthesis of a new 1,2,3-triazole-1-oxide via reaction between isonitrosoacetophenone hydrazone and dipyridyl ketone in the EtOH/AcOH at room temperature has been developed smoothly in high yield. The reaction proceeds via metal salt free, in-situ formation of asymmetric azine followed by cyclization to provide 1,2,3-triazole 1-oxide compound. It has been structurally characterized. The 1:1 ratio reaction of the 1,2,3-triazole 1-oxide ligand with nickel(II) chloride gives the mononuclear complex [Ni(L)(DMF)Cl2], hexa-coordinated within an octahedral geometry...
March 3, 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281757/liesegang-mechanism-with-a-gradual-phase-transition
#9
Yushiro Shimizu, Jun Matsui, Kei Unoura, Hideki Nabika
We report a novel and generalized chemical model for the Liesegang mechanism that involves gradual phase transitions of macromolecules, unlike previous models that involved definite and discontinuous phase transitions. As a model system, an agarose gel medium doped with an initiator was contacted with a solution containing monomer 2-methoxyethyl acrylate (MEA), in which monomers diffused into the gel medium and initiated a polymerization reaction. As there is a monomer concentration gradient along the diffusion direction, the degree of polymerization and the corresponding degree of insolubility showed a similar spatial gradient in the reaction medium because molecular solubility gradually changes from soluble to insoluble with an increase in the degree of polymerization...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278762/evaluation-of-dna-bsa-binding-and-antimicrobial-activity-of-new-synthesized-neodymium-complex-containing-29-dimethyl-110-phenanthroline
#10
Zohreh Moradi, Mozhgan Khorasani-Motlagh, Ali Reza Rezvani, Meissam Noroozifar
In order to evaluate biological potential of a novel synthesized complex [Nd(dmp)2Cl3.OH2] where dmp is 29-dimethyl 110-phenanthroline, the DNA-binding, cleavage, BSA binding, and antimicrobial activity properties of the complex are investigated by multispectroscopic techniques study in physiological buffer (pH 7.2).The intrinsic binding constant (Kb) for interaction of Nd(III) complex and FS-DNA is calculated by UV-Vis (Kb = 2.7 ± 0.07 × 10(5)) and fluorescence spectroscopy (Kb = 1.13 ± 0.03 × 10(5))...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265615/citrate-stabilized-gold-nanoparticles-hinder-fibrillogenesis-of-a-pathological-variant-of-%C3%AE-2-microglobulin
#11
Cristina Cantarutti, Sara Raimondi, Giorgia Brancolini, Alessandra Corazza, Sofia Giorgetti, Maurizio Ballico, Stefano Zanini, Giovanni Palmisano, Paolo Bertoncin, Loredana Marchese, P Patrizia Mangione, Vittorio Bellotti, Stefano Corni, Federico Fogolari, Gennaro Esposito
Nanoparticles have repeatedly been shown to enhance fibril formation when assayed with amyloidogenic proteins. Recently, however, evidence casting some doubt about the generality of this conclusion started to emerge. Therefore, to investigate further the influence of nanoparticles on the fibrillation process, we used a naturally occurring variant of the paradigmatic amyloidogenic protein β2-microglobulin (β2m), namely D76N β2m where asparagine replaces aspartate at position 76. This variant is responsible for aggressive systemic amyloidosis...
March 7, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252174/molecular-marker-based-genetic-diversity-analysis-of-scantly-studied-brazilian-accessions-of-a-medicinal-plant-morinda-citrifolia-l-noni
#12
P N Bordallo, A M R Monteiro, J A Sousa, F A S Aragão
Morinda citrifolia L., commonly known as noni, has been used for the treatment of various diseases for over two centuries. It was introduced and widely disseminated in Brazil because of its high market value and ease of adaptation to the soil and climatic conditions of the country. The aim of this study was to estimate the genetic variability of noni accessions from the collection of Embrapa Agroindústria Tropical in Brazil. We evaluated 36 plants of the 13 accessions of noni from the germplasm collection of M...
February 23, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247205/the-mechanism-of-jurkat-cells-apoptosis-induced-by-aggregatibacter-actinomycetemcomitans-cytolethal-distending-toxin
#13
Hui-Ping Chen, Lu Li, Xu Chen, Mi-Fang Yang, Yu Ye, Xiao-Qian Wang, Yan Xu
Cytolethal distending toxin (CDT) which is produced by Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans causes apoptosis in lymphocytes. But the specific mechanism is not clear. The aim of our research was to investigate the effect and mechanism during this process. The wild-type CdtA, CdtB, CdtC (CdtA(W), CdtB(W), CdtC(W)) and mutant CdtB (CdtB(M)) were expressed and purified respectively and the purity of each subunit was examined by BandScan software. And the type I deoxyribonuclease and PI-3,4,5-triphosphate (PI-3,4,5-P3, PIP3) phosphatase activity were detected by DNA agarose gel electrophoresis and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay respectively...
February 28, 2017: Apoptosis: An International Journal on Programmed Cell Death
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236649/spectral-characterization-of-tissues-in-high-spectral-and-spatial-resolution-mr-images-implications-for-a-classification-based-synthetic-ct-algorithm
#14
Abbie M Wood, Steven M Shea, Milica Medved, Gregory S Karczmar, Murat Surucu, Sebastien Gros, William Small, John Roeske
PURPOSE: To characterize spectral parameters of tissues with high spectral and spatial resolution magnetic resonance images to be used as a foundation for a classification-based synthetic CT algorithm. METHODS: A phantom was constructed consisting of a section of fresh beef leg with bone embedded in a 1% agarose gel. The high spectral and spatial (HiSS) resolution MR imaging sequence used had 1.0mm in-plane resolution and 11.1Hz spectral resolution. This sequence was used to image the phantom and one patient...
February 25, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215716/validation-of-a-quantitative-susceptibility-mapping-acquisition-and-reconstruction-pipeline-using-a-new-iron-sucrose-based-mr-susceptibility-phantom
#15
Jeremy Deverdun, François Molino, Nicolas Menjot de Champfleur, Emmanuelle Le Bars
PURPOSE: Quantitative susceptibility mapping is a new technique and its processing pipeline has to be validated before clinical practice. We described an easy to build magnetic resonance (MR) susceptibility phantom based on iron sucrose. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a plastic container, Eppendorf tubes containing increasing iron sucrose concentration ranging from 0 to 60μg Fe/mL were inserted in an agarose gel. To estimate susceptibility, multiple coronal gradient echo acquisitions were performed with varying angle of the phantom relative to the B0 field, ranging from 30 to 90°...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Neuroradiology. Journal de Neuroradiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210971/scaffold-free-approach-produces-neocartilage-tissue-of-similar-quality-as-the-use-of-hystem%C3%A2-and-hydromatrix%C3%A2-scaffolds
#16
Janne H Ylärinne, Chengjuan Qu, Mikko J Lammi
Numerous biomaterials are being considered for cartilage tissue engineering, while scaffold-free systems have also been introduced. Thus, it is important to know do the scaffolds improve the formation of manufactured neocartilages. This study compares scaffold-free cultures to two scaffold-containing ones. Six million bovine primary chondrocytes were embedded in HyStem™ or HydroMatrix™ scaffolds, or suspended in scaffold-free chondrocyte culture medium, and then loaded into agarose gel supported culture well pockets...
April 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198985/cell-aggregation-enhances-bone-formation-by-human-mesenchymal-stromal-cells
#17
A Chatterjea, V L LaPointe, A Barradas, H Garritsen, H Yuan, A Renard, C A van Blitterswijk, J de Beor
The amount of bone generated using current tissue engineering approaches is insufficient for many clinical applications. Previous in vitro studies suggest that culturing cells as 3D aggregates can enhance their osteogenic potential, but the effect on bone formation in vivo is unknown. Here, we use agarose wells to generate uniformly sized mesenchymal stromal cell (MSC) aggregates. When combined with calcium phosphate ceramic particles and a gel prepared from human platelet-rich plasma, we generated a tissue engineered construct which significantly improved in vivo bone forming capacity as compared to the conventional system of using single cells seeded directly on the ceramic surface...
February 15, 2017: European Cells & Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185831/use-of-dual-priming-oligonucleotide-system-based-multiplex-rt-pcr-combined-with-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-assay-for-simultaneous-detection-of-five-enteric-viruses-associated-with-acute-enteritis
#18
Wen-Lu Fan, Zi-Wei Wang, Yue Qin, Chao Sun, Zhong-Mei Liu, Yan-Ping Jiang, Xin-Yuan Qiao, Li-Jie Tang, Yi-Jing Li, Yi-Gang Xu
In this study, a specific and sensitive method for simultaneous detection of human astrovirus, human rotavirus, norovirus, sapovirus and enteric adenovirus associated with acute enteritis was developed, based on the specific dual priming oligonucleotide (DPO) system and the sensitive high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis. The DPO system-based multiplex reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) combined with HPLC assay was more sensitive than agarose gel electrophoresis analysis and real-time SYBR Green PCR assay, and showed a specificity of 100% and sensitivity of 96%-100%...
May 2017: Journal of Virological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179695/a-pcr-method-based-on-18s-rrna-gene-for-detection-of-malaria-parasite-in-balochistan
#19
Zubeda Shahwani, Abdul Aleem, Nazeer Ahmed, Muhammad Mushtaq, Sarwat Afridi
OBJECTIVE: To establish a polymerase chain reaction method based on 18S ribosomal ribonucleic acid gene for the detection of plasmodium deoxyribonucleic acid in patients suffering from malaria symptoms. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted from September 2013 to October 2014 in district Quetta of Pakistan's Balochistan province. Blood samples were collected from patients suffering from general symptoms of malaria. A polymerase chain reaction-based technique was applied for the diagnosis of malaria and detection of responsible species in the patients who were suspected to carry the parasite...
December 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178907/investigation-of-agid-and-two-commercial-elisas-for-the-detection-of-bovine-viral-diarrhea-virus-specific-antibodies-in-sheep-serum
#20
Caitlin A Evans, Sasha R Lanyon, Michael P Reichel
Effective control and the eventual eradication of Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) from cattle populations depend on the accurate identification of infected animals. Although typically a disease agent of cattle, BVDV is known to infect a wide variety of nonbovine species, including sheep. However, validation of serologic tests in these nonbovine species, particularly sheep, is lacking. We analyzed 99 sheep sera (57 samples from Pestivirus-naive sheep, and 42 samples from BVDV-inoculated sheep) in order to investigate 3 serologic tests: the agarose gel immunodiffusion (AGID) and 2 commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) for detection of BVDV antibodies...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
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