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Agarose gel

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812774/self-adaptive-hydrogels-to-mineralization
#1
Tooba Shoaib, Ariel Carmichael, R E Corman, Yun Shen, Thanh H Nguyen, Randy H Ewoldt, Rosa M Espinosa-Marzal
Mineralized biological tissues, whose behavior can range from rigid to compliant, are an essential component of vertebrates and invertebrates. Little is known about how the behavior of mineralized yet compliant tissues can be tuned by the degree of mineralization. In this work, a synthesis route to tune the structure and mechanical response of agarose gels via ionic crosslinking and mineralization has been developed. A combination of experimental techniques demonstrates that crosslinking via cooperative hydrogen bonding in agarose gels is disturbed by calcium ions, but they promote ionic crosslinking that modifies the agarose network...
August 16, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809090/the-association-between-p-selectin-glycoprotein-ligand-1-gene-variable-number-of-tandem-repeats-polymorphism-and-risk-of-thrombosis-in-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease
#2
Fulya Cosan, Basar Oku, Ozgun M Gedar Totuk, Neslihan Abaci, Duran Ustek, Reyhan Diz Kucukkaya, Ahmet Gul
OBJECTIVES: Behçet's disease (BD) has been recognized as an unclassified type of vasculitis with an accompanying tendency to thrombosis. No disease-specific pathology has been demonstrated so far to explain the prothrombotic state, and this predisposition is considered to be associated with endothelial activation/dysfunction. P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1) variable number of tandem repeat (VNTR) polymorphism has an impact on the protein length, and heterozygosity affect of the PSGL-1 to P-selectin interaction, which has been found to be associated with an increased risk of thrombosis in patients with antiphospholipid syndrome...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807859/widespread-functional-opsin-transduction-in-the-rat-cortex-via-convection-enhanced-delivery-optimized-for-horizontal-spread
#3
Zeyang Yu, Arto Nurmikko, Ilker Ozden
BACKGROUND: Widespread opsin expression in the cortex of rats, where transgenic models have not been established, is not practical to achieve with the traditional diffusion-based virus transduction methods (DBD). NEW METHOD: We developed protocols for convection-enhanced delivery (CED) of virus for optogenetic transduction of the rat cortex. Targeting the motor forelimb area as an example, we performed dual-site CED (6 μL of virus per site, 3 mm pitch between sites) in the rat motor cortex...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807688/hypochlorous-acid-induced-structural-and-conformational-modifications-in-human-dna-a-multi-spectroscopic-study
#4
Irfan Qadir Tantry, Sana Waris, Safia Habib, Rizwan Hasan Khan, Riaz Mahmood, Asif Ali
Hypochlorous acid (HOCl) is generated by activated phagocytes at the site of inflammation. Exposure of DNA to HOCl results in base and nucleotide modifications causing DNA damage, which is one of the leading causes of various pathological conditions including carcinogenesis. In the present work, various biophysical techniques were used to study HOCl induced structural and conformational changes in human placental DNA. The HOCl modified DNA showed hyperchromicity, reduced fluorescence and decrease in melting temperature...
August 11, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806720/exploration-of-acute-genotoxic-effects-and-antigenotoxic-potential-of-gambogic-acid-using-allium-cepa-assay
#5
Abhishek Shetty, Thejaswini Venkatesh, Padmanaban S Suresh, Rie Tsutsumi
The plant derived xanthanoid gambogic acid (GA) is well known for its anticancer activity. To date, biological actions of GA on plant system have not been reported. In the present study, we evaluated the potential acute genotoxic activity of GA, and its antigenotoxic potential against H2O2 induced genetic damage using Allium cepa root chromosomal aberration assay under hydroponic conditions. There was a significant decrease in the percentage of mitotic index/prophase index with the increase in clastogenicity percentage in a dose and time-dependent manner when Allium cepa bulbs were exposed to GA at 0...
August 5, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806683/asymmetric-polyplex-nanocapsules-loaded-with-photosentisizer-for-light-assisted-gene-transfer
#6
Xuemin Lu, Li Liu
Inefficient intracellular gene delivery is still a limitation for the clinical translation of gene therapy. Recently, photochemical internalization (PCI) has emerged with the opportunity to overcome endo-lysosomal sequestration in gene delivery, which utilizes photosensitizer (PS) plus light generating reactive oxygen species (ROS) at sub-lethal level to facilitate intracellularly targeted drug delivery. In this work, asymmetric polyplex-nanocapsules were prepared based on the triblock copolymers of PEG-PCL-PEI by using the simple solvent-injection method...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803463/bacterial-microcolonies-in-gel-beads-for-high-throughput-screening-of-libraries-in-synthetic-biology
#7
José M Duarte, Içvara Barbier, Yolanda Schaerli
Synthetic biologists increasingly rely on directed evolution to optimize engineered biological systems. Applying an appropriate screening or selection method for identifying the potentially rare library members with the desired properties is a crucial step for success in these experiments. Special challenges include substantial cell-to-cell variability and the requirement to check multiple states (e.g. being ON or OFF depending on the input). Here, we present a high-throughput screening method that addresses these challenges...
August 14, 2017: ACS Synthetic Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802807/acute-phase-response-in-babesia-canis-and-dirofilaria-immitis-co-infections-in-dogs
#8
Zorana Milanović, Anja Ilić, Jelena Francuski Andrić, Vladimir Radonjić, Anđelo Beletić, Milica Kovačević Filipović
Babesia canis and Dirofilaria immitis are emerging and geographically overlapping vector-borne pathogens in dogs. Infection with B. canis leads to acute-phase response (APR) that can be mild to severe and results in either non-complicated or complicated forms of the disease. The aim of this study was to determine whether acute B. canis infection is more severe in dogs with underlying asymptomatic D. immitis infection. Dogs of both sexes, different ages and breeds, with naturally occurring mono-infections with B...
August 2, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802665/no-evidence-of-association-between-optic-neuritis-and-secondary-lhon-mtdna-mutations-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#9
Sasan Andalib, Mahnaz Talebi, Ebrahim Sakhinia, Mehdi Farhoudi, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Nooshin Masoodian, Manouchehr Seyedi Vafaee, Albert Gjedde
Leber's Hereditary Optic Neuropathy (LHON) shares features with Multiple Sclerosis (MS). Both diseases develop optic lesions. Frequent secondary LHON mutations in MS patients may explain the optic damage. Here, we tested the hypothesis that secondary LHON mutations are associated with optic neuritis (ON) in MS patients. We recruited 56 MS subjects with ON and 47 MS subjects without ON. DNA was extracted by salting out, after sampling of peripheral blood from each participant. We completed Polymerase Chain Reaction-Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analysis with appropriate primers and restriction endonucleases for seven secondary LHON mutations...
August 9, 2017: Mitochondrion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801080/reprint-of-anticancer-activity-of-hydroxy-and-sulfonamide-azobenzene-platinum-ii-complexes-in-cisplatin-resistant-ovarian-cancer-cells
#10
Katia G Samper, Sierra C Marker, Pau Bayón, Samantha N MacMillan, Ivan Keresztes, Òscar Palacios, Justin J Wilson
The syntheses of three platinum(II) complexes bearing sulfonamide-((E)-2-(4-methylphenylsulfonamido)-2',6'-difluoroazobenzene, HL1) and hydroxy-azo-2,6-difluorobenzene ((E)-2-((2,6-difluorophenyl)diazenyl)phenol, HL2) bidentate ligands is described. These complexes, [Pt(L1)(DMSO)Cl] (1), [Pt(L2)(DMSO)Cl] (2), and [Pt(L2)2] (3), were characterized by multinuclear NMR spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, and X-ray crystallography. Despite bearing azobenzene functional groups, none of the three complexes undergo photoisomerization...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780455/microwave-assisted-synthesis-of-mixed-ligands-organotin-iv-complexes-of-1-10-phenanthroline-and-l-proline-physicochemical-characterization-dft-calculations-chemotherapeutic-potential-validation-by-in-vitro-dna-binding-and-nuclease-activity
#11
Mala Nath, Mridula, Ranjana Kumari
Diorganotin(IV) and triphenyltin(IV) derivatives of L-proline (HPro) having general formula R2Sn(Pro)2 (R=n-Bu (1), Ph (2)) and Ph3Sn(Pro) (3), respectively, and the mixed ligands di-/triorganotin(IV) derivatives of L-proline and 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) with general formula [R2Sn(Pro)(Phen)Cl] and [R3Sn(Pro)(Phen)] (where R=Me (4 and 7), n-Bu (5 and 8), Ph (6 and 9)), respectively, have been synthesized by microwave-assisted method and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, NMR ((1)H, (13)C and (119)Sn) and DART-mass spectral studies...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775267/ectoine-can-enhance-structural-changes-in-dna-in-vitro
#12
S Meyer, M-A Schröter, M B Hahn, T Solomun, H Sturm, H J Kunte
Strand breaks and conformational changes of DNA have consequences for the physiological role of DNA. The natural protecting molecule ectoine is beneficial to entire bacterial cells and biomolecules such as proteins by mitigating detrimental effects of environmental stresses. It was postulated that ectoine-like molecules bind to negatively charged spheres that mimic DNA surfaces. We investigated the effect of ectoine on DNA and whether ectoine is able to protect DNA from damages caused by ultraviolet radiation (UV-A)...
August 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768425/antibacterial-activity-of-hydroxytyrosol-acetate-from-olive-leaves-olea-europaea-l
#13
Jianteng Wei, Shuxian Wang, Dong Pei, Liangjing Qu, Ya Li, Jianjun Chen, Duolong Di, Kun Gao
Vibrio spp. are pathogens of many bacterial diseases which have caused great economic losses in marine aquaculture. The strategy of alternative medical treatment that is utilised by herbalists has expanded in the past decade. The aim of our study is to discover the antibacterial molecules against Vibrio spp. Bacterial growth inhibition, membrane permeabilisation assessment and DNA interaction assays, as well as agarose gel electrophoresis, were employed to elucidate the antibacterial activity of hydroxytyrosol acetate...
August 2, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764975/a-new-prospect-in-magnetic-nanoparticle-based-cancer-therapy-taking-credit-from-mathematical-tissue-mimicking-phantom-brain-models
#14
Mostafa Saeedi, Omid Vahidi, Vahabodin Goodarzi, Mohammad Reza Saeb, Leila Izadi, Masoud Mozafari
Distribution patterns/performance of magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) was visualized by computer simulation and experimental validation on agarose gel tissue-mimicking phantom (AGTMP) models. The geometry of a complex three-dimensional mathematical phantom model of a cancer tumor was examined by tomography imaging. The capability of mathematical model to predict distribution patterns/performance in AGTMP model was captured. The temperature profile vs. hyperthermia duration was obtained by solving bio-heat equations for four different MNPs distribution patterns and correlated with cell death rate...
July 29, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761491/evaluation-of-microsatellites-markers-to-discriminate-four-main-taeniid-tapeworms-of-dogs
#15
Saeedeh Shamsaddini, Mohammad Ali Mohammadi, Seyed Reza Mirbadie, Saeid Nasibi, Sima Rostami, Mansoureh Dehghani, Majid Fasihi Harandi
BACKGROUND: Echinococcus granulosus, Taenia multiceps, Taenia ovis and Taenia hydatigena are among the most prevalent taeniid species of dogs. These tapeworms infect ruminant and humans as intermediate hosts and domestic/wild carnivores as the definitive hosts. Molecular tools using hypervariable microsatellite regions might provide more information about parasite variation. Highly variable and specific tools are needed for transmission tracking studies of canine echinococcosis as an essential element for implementation of hydatid control programs...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761484/comparison-of-three-different-dna-extraction-methods-for-linguatula-serrata-as-a-food-born-pathogen
#16
Gilda Eslami, Sepideh Khalatbari-Limaki, Mohammad Hasan Ehrampoush, Mostafa Gholamrezaei, Bahador Hajimohammadi, Ahmad Oryan
BACKGROUND: One of the most important items in molecular characterization of food-borne pathogens is high quality genomic DNA. In this study, we investigated three protocols and compared their simplicity, duration and costs for extracting genomic DNA from Linguatula serrata. METHODS: The larvae were collected from the sheep's visceral organs from the Yazd Slaughterhouse during May 2013. DNA extraction was done in three different methods, including commercial DNA extraction kit, Phenol Chloroform Isoamylalcohol (PCI), and salting out...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761326/concentrations-of-muc16-and-muc5ac-using-three-tear-collection-methods
#17
Anna F Ablamowicz, Jason J Nichols
PURPOSE: To determine the optimal tear collection method for analysis of ocular surface mucins MUC5AC and MUC16. METHODS: Fifteen subjects without ocular surface disease were recruited. Subjects presented for tear collection on three separate days for three different tear collection methods with the order of method randomized. Methods used to collect tears from right and left eyes included Schirmer's strip, basal tear collection, and flush tear collection. All samples from the right eyes were individually analyzed for MUC5AC whereas the left eye samples were individually analyzed for MUC16...
2017: Molecular Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760672/electrochemical-detection-of-interaction-between-capsaicin-and-nucleic-acids-in-comparison-to-agarose-gel-electrophoresis
#18
Nilay Yilmaz, Ece Eksin, Bilge Karacicek, Yasemin Eraç, Arzum Erdem
In this study, the biomolecular interaction occured between nucleic acids and Capsaicin (CPS), the active compound in chilli peppers, which has been reported to have anti-carcinogenic properties, was investigated for the first time herein using disposable electrochemical biosensor. It is aimed to perform the surface-confined interaction between CPS and different types of nucleic acids and under this aim, the experimental conditions were optimized; such as, the concentration of CPS and DNA, DNA immobilizaton time and interaction time etc...
July 28, 2017: Analytical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758677/a-simple-method-to-estimate-the-isoelectric-point-of-modified-tomato-bushy-stunt-virus-tbsv-particles
#19
Mario Braun, Wolfgang Gebauer, Gabriela Krczal, Christiane Ziegler, Christine Müller-Renno, Kajohn Boonrod
We present a simple method to estimate the isoelectric point (pI) of Tomato Bushy Stunt (TBSV) particles. We demonstrate that the combination of agarose gels with different pH buffers can be used to electrophorese the virus particles and their migration patterns can be compared. This method allows to estimate the pI of the virus particles (wild type, wt) and genetically modified particles) and to monitor the effect of the pI of modified peptide side-chains of the viral capsid subunit on the pI of the whole virus particle...
July 31, 2017: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757523/operative-techniques-of-percutaneous-endoscopic-mini-hemilaminectomy-using-a-uniportal-approach-in-dogs
#20
Hee-Sup Moon, Yong-Hyun Hwang, Hee-Chun Lee, Jae-Hoon Lee
The present study aimed to investigate the technical feasibility of percutaneous endoscopic mini-hemilaminectomy via a uniportal approach, and to evaluate the possibility of decompression and endoscopic examination of the thoracic and lumbar spinal canals in small dogs during such procedures. Fresh canine cadavers of mixed-breed dogs (n=7) were used in this study. Following injection of a barium and agarose mixture (BA-gel) to stimulate intervertebral disc herniation, percutaneous endoscopic mini-hemilaminectomy was performed using a lateral approach to the thoracic and lumbar vertebrae...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
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