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Etiology catheters

Yader Sandoval, Paul Sorajja, Kevin M Harris
Ischemic mitral regurgitation occurs relatively frequently in patients with coronary artery disease and is associated with an increased long term risk. The pathophysiology of ischemic mitral regurgitation is vexing, and poses both diagnostic and therapeutic challenges, leading to the need for a comprehensive, multidisciplinary approach. The management is largely focused on medical therapy, and for those eligible, coronary revascularization and/or cardiac resynchronization therapy may be considered. In select patients, mitral valve surgery or catheter-based therapy may be undertaken with careful consideration of the underlying pathophysiology, surgical risk, and expected long-term outcomes...
February 28, 2018: American Journal of Medicine
Sarah J Swartz, Alicia Neu, Amy Skversky Mason, Troy Richardson, Jonathan Rodean, John Lawlor, Bradley Warady, Michael J G Somers
BACKGROUND: The Standardizing Care to Improve Outcomes in Pediatric End Stage Renal Disease (SCOPE) Collaborative is a quality improvement initiative to reduce dialysis-associated infections. The frequency of peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheter exit site infection (ESI) and variables influencing its development and end result are unclear. We sought to determine ESI rates, to elucidate the epidemiology, risk factors, and outcomes for ESI, and to assess for association between provider compliance with care bundles and ESI risk...
February 26, 2018: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
Marco Falcone, Giusy Tiseo, Francesco Dentali, Micaela La Regina, Emanuela Foglia, Maurizia Gambacorta, Elisabetta Garagiola, Giorgio Bonardi, Pierangelo Clerici, Fabrizio Colombo, Alessio Farcomeni, Ercole Concia, Salvatore Corrao, Mauro Campanini, Antonino Mazzone
OBJECTIVE: To develop a risk-scoring tool to predict multidrug-resistant (MDR) etiology in patients with bloodstream infections (BSI) caused by Gram-negative bacilli (GNB). METHODS: A prospective multicenter study analyzed patients with BSI hospitalized in 31 Internal Medicine wards in Italy from March 2012 to December 2012. Patients with BSI caused by MDR-GNB (non-susceptible to at least one agent in three antimicrobial categories) were compared to those with BSI due to susceptible GNB...
February 6, 2018: European Journal of Internal Medicine
Jung Eun Kim, Mi Kyoung Lee, Dong Kyu Lee, Sang Sik Choi, Jong Sun Park
Intractable hiccups, although rare, may result in severe morbidity, including sleep deprivation, poor food intake, respiratory muscle fatigue, aspiration pneumonia, and death. Despite these potentially fatal complications, the etiology of intractable hiccups and definitive treatment are unknown. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of continuous cervical epidural block in the treatment of intractable hiccups.Records from 28 patients with a history of unsuccessful medical and invasive treatments for hiccups were evaluated...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Ki Hong Kim, Sang Do Shin, Kyoung Jun Song, Young Sun Ro, Yu Jin Kim, Ki Jeong Hong, Joo Jeong, Jeong Ho Park, Tae Han Kim, So Yeon Kong
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether the cooling method used for target temperature management (TTM) was associated with neurological recovery after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). METHODS: From January 2008 to December 2016, adult OHCA patients who survived to hospitalization without any traumatic etiology and who received TTM were included. Patients who did not have information about neurological status at hospital discharge or who did not have information on target temperature management were excluded...
February 4, 2018: Resuscitation
Kota Maekawa, Masunari Shibata, Hideki Nakajima, Akane Mizutani, Yotaro Kitano, Masaru Seguchi, Masayoshi Yamasaki, Kazuto Kobayashi, Takanori Sano, Genshin Mori, Tadashi Yabana, Yutaka Naito, Shigetoshi Shimizu, Fumitaka Miya
BACKGROUND: Only few studies have investigated the relationship between the histopathology of retrieved thrombi and clinical outcomes. This study aimed to evaluate thrombus composition and its association with clinical, laboratory, and neurointerventional findings in patients treated by mechanical thrombectomy due to acute large vessel occlusion. METHODS: At our institution, 79 patients were treated by mechanical thrombectomy using a stent retriever and/or aspiration catheter between August 2015 and August 2016...
January 15, 2018: Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra
Patrick Hangge, Lisa Rotellini-Coltvet, Amy R Deipolyi, Hassan Albadawi, Rahmi Oklu
Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) is a rare clinical entity with many etiologies. Venous thoracic outlet syndrome (VTOS), also called Paget-Schroetter syndrome (PSS), is a primary "effort" thrombosis. Here we will focus on the pathophysiology, anatomy, clinical presentation, treatments, and outcomes of VTOS. Treatment involves anticoagulation, catheter-directed thrombolysis, and surgical decompression. Early diagnosis and treatment can improve symptoms and quality of life.
December 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
Venkatesh Thammishetti, Anupama Kaul, Dharmendra S Bhadauria, Karthikeyan Balasubramanian, Narayan Prasad, Amit Gupta, Raj K Sharma
BACKGROUND: Refractory peritonitis is defined as failure of clearance of peritoneal fluid despite 5 days of appropriate antibiotic therapy. Catheter removal decreases morbidity and mortality. Data on the outcomes of refractory peritonitis and of reinitiation of peritoneal dialysis (PD) in this group of patients are sparse. The present study analyzed etiology, outcomes, and prognostic factors of refractory peritonitis as well as survival of the reinitiation of the technique. METHODS: This was a single-center retrospective study that included 90 patients of refractory continuous ambulatory PD (CAPD) peritonitis at a tertiary care center in North India...
January 31, 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
Domenico A Restivo, Shaheen Hamdy
Neurogenic dysphagia (ND) can occur in patients with nervous system diseases of varying etiologies. Moreover, recovery from ND is not guaranteed. The therapeutic approaches for oropharyngeal ND have drastically changed over the last decade, mainly due to a better knowledge of the neurophysiology of swallowing along with the progress of neuroimaging and neurophysiological studies. For this reason, it is a priority to develop a treatment that is repeatable, safe, and can be carried out at the bedside as well as for outpatients...
2018: Medical Devices: Evidence and Research
Chin-Yu Lin, Fa-Po Chung, Yenn-Jiang Lin, Shih-Lin Chang, Li-Wei Lo, Yu-Feng Hu, Jo-Nan Liao, Ta-Chuan Tuan, Tze-Fan Chao, Yao-Ting Chang, Yun-Yu Chen, Abigail Louise D Te, Shinya Yamada, Shih-Ann Chen
Background: Epicardial catheter ablation has been shown to be an effective strategy for treating ventricular arrhythmias (VA). We investigated the efficacy and safety from a tertiary referral center in Taiwan. Methods: From 2010 to 2016, patients undergoing epicardial ablation for VAs were consecutively enrolled. The clinical characteristics, disease entity, electrophysiological studies, and ablation outcome were extracted for further analysis. Results: A total of 80 patients were eligible, including 34 patients for arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC), 16 for Brugada syndrome (BrS), 13 for idiopathic VAs, 11 for idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM), 2 for ischemic cardiomyopathy, and 4 for other nonischemic cardiomyopathies (NICM)...
January 2018: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
Peter B Sporns, Thomas Niederstadt, Walter Heindel, Michael J Raschke, René Hartensuer, Ralf Dittrich, Uta Hanning
INTRODUCTION: Cervical artery dissection (CAD) is an important etiology of ischemic stroke and early recognition is vital to protect patients from the major complication of cerebral embolization by administration of anticoagulants. The etiology of arterial dissections differ and can be either spontaneous or traumatic. Even though the historical gold standard is still catheter angiography, recent studies suggest a good performance of computed tomography angiography (CTA) for detection of CAD...
January 26, 2018: Clinical Neuroradiology
Kemal Dolay, Mustafa Hasbahçeci, Engin Hatipoğlu, Fatma Ümit Malya, Adem Akçakaya
In the differential diagnosis of biliary obstruction with unknown etiology, biliary fascioliasis should be considered in endemic and nonendemic regions. After diagnostic evaluation, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) was performed for etiological evaluation and/or treatment of biliary obstruction in five patients with a mean age of 55.8 years. Endoscopic sphincterotomy and cholangiogram revealed linear filling defects in the biliary system. Fasciola hepatica parasites were extracted using balloon and basket catheters in two and three patients, respectively...
January 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
Jose Cardenas-Garcia, Neal Fitzpatrick, George Z Cheng
Indwelling pleural catheter (IPC) infections lead to increased morbidity and treatment failure in patients with chronic recurrent pleural effusions. Ultrasonography is a readily available diagnostic tool used by pulmonologists on a daily basis. Ultrasonography has been used to identify the etiology of indwelling peritoneal catheter obstruction, including infection of the exit site and tunnel tract. The use of ultrasonography to identify tunnel-tract infection involving IPC has not been reported. We describe the ultrasonographic characteristics of 3 cases of confirmed tunnel-tract infection and compared them with noninfected chronic IPCs...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
Matthias Gmeiner, Helga Wagner, Willem J R van Ouwerkerk, Wolfgang Senker, Kurt Holl, Andreas Gruber
OBJECTIVE: An abdominal pseudocyst (APC) is a distal catheter site specific failure in patients treated with ventriculoperitoneal shunts and few studies with more than ten patients have been reported. The aim of this study was to analyze causes of peritoneal catheter revisions with special emphasis on revisions due to an APC. METHODS: Pediatric patients with first shunt operation between 1982 and 1992 were included and time, cause and modality of peritoneal catheter revision were retrospectively determined...
January 8, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Sahibzada Nasir Mansoor, Farooq Azam Rathore
CONTEXT/OBJECTIVE: Inadequate bladder management in spinal cord injury (SCI) patients results in significant morbidity and even mortality. Clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) is the recommended option for SCI patients. The objective of the study was to document the bladder management practices of SCI patients in a developing country. DESIGN: Questionnaire based cross sectional survey Setting: Armed Forces Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine, Rawalpindi, Pakistan Participants: All patients with SCI (irrespective of duration, level and etiology) Interventions: Data documentation included demographics, level, severity and time since injury, bladder management techniques used, details of CIC, results of Urodynamic studies (if available), complications resulting from bladder management technique and patient awareness of the yearly follow up...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Raj Munshi, Christine B Sethna, Troy Richardson, Jonathan Rodean, Samhar Al-Akash, Sushil Gupta, Alicia M Neu, Bradley A Warady
BACKGROUND: Fungal peritonitis is a serious complication among peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. The Standardizing Care to Improve Outcomes in Pediatric End Stage Renal Disease (SCOPE) Collaborative is a North American multicenter quality improvement initiative with the primary aim to reduce catheter-related infections in children on chronic dialysis. OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of fungal peritonitis and outcomes of affected patients among pediatric subjects receiving chronic PD and enrolled in SCOPE...
January 8, 2018: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
David L Penn, Arianna B Lanpher, Jennifer M Klein, Harry P W Kozakewich, Kristopher T Kahle, Edward R Smith, Darren B Orbach
The most common primary cardiac tumor is myxoma, typically originating in the left atrium. Emboli to the central nervous system can cause cerebral infarction or, rarely, seed tumor growth within vessel walls, causing myxomatous aneurysms. Fewer than 60 myxomatous aneurysms have been reported, including 2 cases in children. Here, the authors describe 2 different growing myxomatous aneurysms in a child successfully managed using a combined multidisciplinary approach. A 12-year-old boy developed a sudden headache, diplopia, gait instability, and speech difficulty...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Samie Asghar, Faisal Shamim
A young male underwent decompressive craniotomy for an intracerebral bleed. A right-sided subclavian central venous catheter was placed in the operating room after induction of anesthesia. Postoperatively, he was shifted to Intensive Care Unit (ICU) for mechanical ventilation due to low Glasgow coma scale. He had an episode of severe agitation and straining on the tracheal tube in the evening same day. On the 2nd postoperative day in ICU, his airway pressures were high, and chest X-ray revealed massive pleural effusion on right side...
October 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Ming Zhang, Yongqing Xu, Zhiming Jiang, Junying Qian, Zhonghui Zhang, Nannan Sun, Jian Xie, Tao Li
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the etiology and risk factors of central venous catheter (CVCs) infections, and to explore the prophylaxis and treatment for catheter-related infections. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted. The patients with CVCs admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of Qianfoshan Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University from January 2000 to December 2016 were enrolled. The gender, age, catheter data and microorganism culture results of all patients were collected...
December 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
Bruce E Reidenberg, Christoph Wanner, Bruce Polsky, Mariana Castanheira, Alla Shelip, Dirk Stalleicken, Antony E Pfaffle
Catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSI) are major complications for patients with life-threatening conditions requiring chronic vascular catheterization. The wide range of etiologic microbes and the ongoing development of resistance to antimicrobials with specific mechanisms of action make this an appropriate target for applying a nonspecific antimicrobial therapeutic. Taurolidine hydrolyzes into two antimicrobial moieties, formaldehyde and methylene glycol, which react with microbial surfaces. Neutrolin® (taurolidine, heparin, calcium citrate) was recently introduced in Germany as an antimicrobial catheter lock solution...
December 6, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
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