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Hypnotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196478/efficacy-of-hypnotherapy-compared-to-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-mild-to-moderate-depression-study-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-rater-blind-trial-wiki-d
#1
Kristina Fuhr, Cornelie Schweizer, Christoph Meisner, Anil Batra
INTRODUCTION: Despite a substantial number of studies providing evidence for the efficacy of psychological treatment for mild-to-moderate depression, maximally only 50% of participants respond to treatment, even when using gold-standard treatments such as cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) and interpersonal therapy. New approaches such as the 'third wave' psychotherapies have provided promising results; however, studies concerning the comparison with evidence-based treatments are lacking...
December 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153592/missing-the-mark-for-patient-engagement-mhealth-literacy-strategies-and-behavior-change-processes-in-smoking-cessation-apps
#2
Samantha R Paige, Julia M Alber, Michael L Stellefson, Janice L Krieger
OBJECTIVE: To examine how Transtheoretical Model (TTM)'s processes of change and mHealth literacy strategies are employed in mobile smoking cessation apps. METHODS: A purposive sample of 100 iTunes apps were coded to assess descriptive (price, type, developer, user-rating) and engagement metrics, including processes of change and mHealth literacy strategies (plain language, usability, interactivity). One-way ANOVAs and independent samples t-tests examined associations between descriptive and engagement metrics...
November 12, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023318/comparison-of-gut-directed-hypnotherapy-and-unspecific-hypnotherapy-as-self-help-format-in-children-and-adolescents-with-functional-abdominal-pain-or-irritable-bowel-syndrome-a-randomized-pilot-study
#3
Marco D Gulewitsch, Angelika A Schlarb
OBJECTIVE: Psychosocial treatments for chronic abdominal pain in childhood or adolescence are effective, but time consuming and hardly available. In the present study, gut-directed hypnotherapy (GDHT) and unspecific hypnotherapy (UHT) were compared to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of a hypnotherapeutic self-help intervention. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Children/adolescents between 6 and 17 years of age with chronic abdominal pain were randomized to GDHT or UHT...
October 11, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987037/hypnosis-and-osteopathic-manipulative-treatment-for-visual-disorders-during-pregnancy-a-case-report
#4
Giancarlo Russo, Alessandro Remonato, Roberto Remonato, Emiliano Zanier
Context • Pregnancy causes physiological alterations to the visual system, particularly in relation to retinal vascularization, with a consequent increase of intraocular pressure, and to the lacrimal fluid, with a consequent ocular dryness, which both can lead to a reduction in visual acuity. Numerous case reports refer to the employment of hypnotic treatment in cases of myopia, but the literature does not report any case of decreased visual acuity postpartum that was treated with hypnosis. Objective • For women with visual disorders that had appeared during pregnancy or were preexisting, the study intended to evaluate the benefits of treatment of the diaphragm by hypnotherapy and osteopathy to modify intracorporeal pressure and restore the women's visual function...
July 2017: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970815/the-evolutionary-psychology-of-envy-and-jealousy
#5
Vilayanur S Ramachandran, Baland Jalal
The old dogma has always been that the most complex aspects of human emotions are driven by culture; Germans and English are thought to be straight-laced whereas Italians and Indians are effusive. Yet in the last two decades there has been a growing realization that even though culture plays a major role in the final expression of human nature, there must be a basic scaffolding specified by genes. While this is recognized to be true for simple emotions like anger, fear, and joy, the relevance of evolutionary arguments for more complex nuances of emotion have been inadequately explored...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937449/persistent-encopresis-enuresis-and-anxiety-in-a-7-year-old-girl
#6
Theodora Nelson, Heekyung Chae, Ran D Anbar, Martin T Stein
Sonia is a 7-year-old old girl who was referred to the Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics Clinic by the Pediatric Urology Clinic because of persistent wetting and soiling behaviors. Since age 3 years, she has had a history of encopresis (and wetting) for which she has seen gastroenterology and urology specialists. The mother reports that Sonia has accidents almost daily, and she is not upset when sitting in her urine or feces. She dislikes going into the bathroom or sitting on the toilet by herself. She participated in a behavior modification program associated with the pediatric urology clinic, which helps children learn healthy voiding habits and achieve continence...
October 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936932/-guideline-on-functional-abdominal-pain-in-children
#7
J M T M Rutten, J J Korterink, L M A J Venmans, M A Benninga, M M Tabbers
- The guideline entitled 'Functional abdominal pain in children' has been developed by a multidisciplinary working group on behalf of the Dutch Pediatric Association in 2015. - History and physical examination are essential in diagnosing pediatric functional abdominal pain. Additional diagnostic testing is of limited value when alarm symptoms are absent. - Reassurance and education of both the child and parent(s), are the cornerstones in the treatment of pediatric functional abdominal pain. - In case of persisting symptoms, hypnotherapy or cognitive behavioral therapy can be started...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827081/management-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#8
C Prakash Gyawali, Ronnie Fass
Management of GERD commonly starts with an empiric trial of proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy and complementary lifestyle measures, for patients without alarm symptoms. Optimization of therapy (improving compliance and timing of PPI doses), or increasing PPI dosage to twice daily in select circumstances, can reduce persistent symptoms. Patients with continued symptoms can be evaluated with endoscopy and tests of esophageal physiology, to better determine their disease phenotype and optimize treatment. Laparoscopic fundoplication, magnetic sphincter augmentation, and endoscopic therapies can benefit patients with well-characterized GERD...
August 4, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801149/hypnosis-for-reduction-of-background-pain-and-pain-anxiety-in-men-with-burns-a-blinded-randomised-placebo-controlled-study
#9
Hossein Jafarizadeh, Mojgan Lotfi, Fardin Ajoudani, Arezou Kiani, Vahid Alinejad
INTRODUCTION: 'Background pain' and 'pain anxiety' are among the numerous problems of patients with burns. Non-pharmacological and pharmacological interventions have been used to reduce background pain and pain anxiety. This study compared the effectiveness of hypnosis and 'neutral hypnosis' (as a placebo in the control group) in decreasing the background burn pain and pain anxiety of adult male survivors with burns. DESIGN: This is a blinded, randomised, placebo-controlled study...
August 8, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794633/sleep-problems-in-university-students-an-intervention
#10
Angelika Anita Schlarb, Anja Friedrich, Merle Claßen
INTRODUCTION: Up to 60% of all college students suffer from a poor sleep quality, and 7.7% meet all criteria of an insomnia disorder. Sleep problems have a great impact on the students' daily life, for example, the grade point average. Due to irregular daytime routines, chronotype changes, side jobs and exam periods, they need specialized treatments for improving sleep. "Studieren wie im Schlaf" (SWIS; (studying in your sleep)) is a multicomponent sleep training that combines Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia and Hypnotherapy for Insomnia to improve students' sleep, insomnia symptoms and nightmares...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629342/hypnosis-in-patients-with-perceived-stress-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
S Fisch, B Brinkhaus, M Teut
BACKGROUND: Although hypnosis and hypnotherapy have become more popular in recent years, the evidence for hypnosis to influence perceived stress is unclear. In this systematic review we searched and evaluated randomized clinical studies investigating the effect of hypnosis on perceived stress reduction and coping. METHODS: The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, the Database of Abstracts of Review of Effects, EMBASE, Medline, PsycINFO, PSYNDEX and PubMed were systematically screened from their inception until December 2015 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) reporting about hypnosis or hypnotherapy for stress reduction in healthy participants...
June 19, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619308/what-the-public-think-about-hypnosis-and-hypnotherapy-a-narrative-review-of-literature-covering-opinions-and-attitudes-of-the-general-public-1996-2016
#12
REVIEW
Matthew Krouwel, Kate Jolly, Sheila Greenfield
OBJECTIVES: To describe the public's understanding of hypnosis and openness to hypnotherapy. METHODS: A comprehensive search of English language peer reviewed journal articles from 1st January 1996-11th March 2016 was performed over 9 databases (Medline, PubMed, PsycARTICLES, CINAHL, Embase (excerpta medica), PsychInfo, Cochrane, Science citation index-expanded, Conference citation index) and a title-only search of Google scholar. 39 keyword combinations were employed: hypnosis, hypnotherapy, hypnotic, perception, beliefs, knowledge, view, opinion and understanding, in singular and plural where appropriate...
June 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618185/let-s-talk-about-sleep-a-systematic-review-of-psychological-interventions-to-improve-sleep-in-college-students
#13
REVIEW
Anja Friedrich, Angelika A Schlarb
Sleep problems are a common occurrence in college students. Insomnia, nightmares and impaired sleep quality lead to several mental health issues, as well as impaired academic performance. Although different sleep programmes exist, a systematic overview comparing their effectiveness is still missing. This systematic review aims to provide an overview of psychological interventions to improve sleep in college students. Seven databases were searched from November to December 2016 (MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Cinahl, Cochrane Library, PubMed, OpenSigle)...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573818/the-journey-between-brain-and-gut-a-systematic-review-of-psychological-mechanisms-of-treatment-effect-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#14
Sula Windgassen, Rona Moss-Morris, Joseph Chilcot, Alice Sibelli, Kimberley Goldsmith, Trudie Chalder
PURPOSE: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorder characterized by abdominal pain and altered bowel habits. It is estimated to affect 10-22% of the UK population. The use of psychological interventions in IBS is increasingly empirically supported, but little is known about the mechanism of psychological treatment approaches. The present systematic review aimed to investigate the mechanisms of psychological treatment approaches applied to IBS. METHODS: The systematic review included studies conducting mediation analysis in the context of psychological interventions for IBS, focusing on the outcomes of symptom severity and/or quality of life (QoL)...
June 1, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557680/psychological-effects-of-group-hypnotherapy-on-breast-cancer-patients-during-chemotherapy
#15
Arnoldo Téllez, Cristina Rodríguez-Padilla, Jorge Luis Martínez-Rodríguez, Dehisy M Juárez-García, Omar Sanchez-Armass, Teresa Sánchez, Guillermo Segura, Leticia Jaime-Bernal
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of group hypnotherapy on anxiety, depression, stress, self-esteem, optimism, and social support during chemotherapy, in patients with breast cancer, compared with a control group with standard medical care. Hypnotherapy consisted of 24 sessions that included suggestions to encourage relaxation, self-esteem, the resolution of past traumatic events, physical healing, and optimism. Results show that the hypnotherapy group significantly decreased anxiety, distress, increased self-esteem, and optimism in the first 12 sessions...
July 2017: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528570/hypnotherapy-to-reduce-hot-flashes
#16
Jim R Sliwinski, Gary R Elkins
The mechanism of action responsible for hypnotherapy's effect in reducing hot flashes is not yet known. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of response expectancies as a potential mediator. Hypnotizability was also tested as an effect moderator. Data were collected from a sample of 172 postmenopausal women, who had been randomized to receive either a 5-week hypnosis intervention or structured attention counseling. Measures of response expectancies were analyzed to determine if the relationship between group assignment and hot flashes frequency was mediated by expectancies for treatment efficacy...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506141/a-pragmatic-guide-to-the-setting-up-of-integrated-hypnotherapy-services-in-primary-care-and-clinical-settings
#17
Paul Andrew Entwistle
Despite the continued debate and lack of a clear consensus about the true nature of the hypnotic phenomenon, hypnosis is increasingly being utilized successfully in many medical, health, and psychological spheres as a research method, motivational tool, and therapeutic modality. Significantly, however, although hypnotherapy is widely advertised, advocated, and employed in the private medical arena for the management and treatment of many physical and emotional disorders, too little appears to be being done to integrate hypnosis into primary care and national health medical services...
July 2017: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489735/impact-of-a-preoperative-conversational-hypnotic-session-on-propofol-consumption-using-closed-loop-anesthetic-induction-guided-by-the-bispectral-index-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Aurélien Bataille, Sébastien Besset, Barbara Szekely, Mireille Michel-Cherqui, Virginie Dumans, Ngai Liu, Thierry Chazot, Marc Fischler, Morgan Le Guen
OBJECTIVE: The automated administration of propofol in a closed loop could be used to objectively evaluate the nonpharmacological anesthetic action of hypnotherapy. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of a conversational hypnosis session on the consumption of propofol for anesthetic induction. DESIGN: A randomized, usual care-controlled, single-center, patient-blind trial. SETTING: Tertiary care center in France from November 2012 to December 2013...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465194/physical-therapy-under-hypnosis-for-the-treatment-of-patients-with-type-1-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-of-the-hand-and-wrist-retrospective-study-of-20-cases
#19
J Lebon, M Rongières, C Apredoaei, S Delclaux, P Mansat
Type 1 complex regional painful syndrome (CRPS-1) has a complex physiopathology. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of physical therapy under hypnotherapy to treat this condition. Twenty patients with CRPS-1 at the wrist and hand were evaluated retrospectively: 13 women and 7 men with an average age of 56 years (34-75). Thirteen patients were in the inflammatory phase and 7 in the dystrophic phase. The main endpoints were pain (VAS, analgesic use), stiffness (wrist and finger range of motion), and strength (pinch and grasp)...
March 1, 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434123/conversion-disorder-functional-neurological-symptom-disorder-and-chronic-pain-comorbidity-assessment-and-treatment
#20
REVIEW
Patricia Tsui, Andrew Deptula, Derek Y Yuan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This paper examines the overlap of conversion disorder with chronic pain conditions, describes ways to assess for conversion disorder, and provides an overview of evidence-based treatments for conversion disorder and chronic pain, with a focus on conversion symptoms. RECENT FINDINGS: Conversion disorder is a significant problem that warrants further study, given that there are not many well-established guidelines. Accurate and timely assessment should help move treatment in a more fruitful direction and avoid unnecessary medical interventions...
June 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
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