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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782449/does-the-shoe-fit-considerations-for-proper-shoe-fitting
#1
Marie Mantini Blazer, Laura Beth Jamrog, Lauren Lindsay Schnack
It is important to be properly evaluated for shoes to avoid complications. Ill-fitting shoes can lead to pathologies in different populations. The focus of this article is to review the components and function of a basic athletic-type shoe, general shoe-fitting techniques, and selecting appropriate footwear for various populations including those with diabetes, elderly, and females. Poorly fitting shoes can exacerbate structural foot deformities. Unevenly distributed plantar pressures and wear can lead to ulcerations in diabetic populations...
May 2018: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782305/tatami-mats-a-source-of-pitted-keratolysis-in-a-martial-arts-athlete
#2
Anamaria Balić, Zrinka Bukvić Mokos, Branka Marinović, Daniela Ledić Drvar
Dear Editor, Pitted keratolysis (PK), also known as keratosis plantaris sulcatum, is a non-inflammatory, bacterial, superficial cutaneous infection, characterized by many discrete superficial crateriform ''pits'' and erosions in the thickly keratinized skin of the weight-bearing regions of the soles of the feet (1). The disease often goes unnoticed by the patient, but when it is noticed it is because of the unbearable malodor and hyperhidrosis of the feet, which are socially unacceptable and cause great anxiety to many of the patients...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772495/walking-variations-in-healthy-women-wearing-high-heeled-shoes-shoe-size-and-heel-height-effects
#3
Enrica Di Sipio, Giulia Piccinini, Cristiano Pecchioli, Marco Germanotta, Chiara Iacovelli, Chiara Simbolotti, Arianna Cruciani, Luca Padua
BACKGROUND: The use of high heels is widespread in modern society in professional and social contests. Literature showed that wearing high heels can produce injurious effects on several structures from the toes to the pelvis. No studies considered shoe length as an impacting factor on walking with high heels. RESEARCH QUESTION: The aim of this study is to evaluate walking parameters in young healthy women wearing high heels, considering not only the heel height but also the foot/shoe size...
May 3, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768332/short-term-effects-of-customized-arch-support-insoles-on-symptomatic-flexible-flatfoot-in-children-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Ru-Lan Hsieh, Hui-Ling Peng, Wen-Chung Lee
BACKGROUND: Limited evidence is available regarding the effects of insoles on pediatric flexible flatfoot because of the heterogeneity and low methodological quality of previous studies. The purpose of this prospective trial is to examine the short-term effects of customized arch support insoles on symptomatic flexible flatfoot in children by using the International Classification of Functioning, randomized controlled Disability, and Health (ICF) framework. METHODS: This study was conducted in a rehabilitation outpatient clinic of a teaching hospital...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767226/evaluation-of-the-wear-and-tear-scale-for-therapeutic-footwear-results-of-a-generalizability-study
#5
Rutger Dahmen, Petra C Siemonsma, Sandra Monteiro, Geoffrey R Norman, Maarten Boers, Gustaaf J Lankhorst, Leo D Roorda
OBJECTIVE: Therapeutic footwear is often prescribed at considerable cost. Foot-care specialists normally assess the wear-and-tear of therapeutic footwear in order to monitor the adequacy of the prescribed footwear and to gain an indicator of its use. We developed a simple, rapid, easily applicable indicator of wear-and-tear of therapeutic footwear: the wear-and-tear scale. The aim of this study was to investigate the intra- and inter-rater reliability of the wear-and-tear scale. METHODS: A test set of 100 therapeutic shoes was assembled; 24 raters (6 inexperienced and 6 experienced physiatrists, and 6 inexperienced and 6 experienced orthopaedic shoe technicians) rated the degree of wear-and-tear of the shoes on the scale (range 0-100) twice on 1 day with a 4-h interval (short-term) and twice over a 4-week interval (long-term)...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764676/effect-of-plantarflexion-resistance-of-an-ankle-foot-orthosis-on-ankle-and-knee-joint-power-during-gait-in-individuals-post-stroke
#6
Toshiki Kobayashi, Michael S Orendurff, Madeline L Singer, Fan Gao, Grace Hunt, K Bo Foreman
Plantarflexion resistance of an ankle-foot orthosis (AFO) plays an important role to prevent foot-drop, but its impact on push-off has not been well investigated in individuals post-stroke. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of plantarflexion resistance of an articulated AFO on ankle and knee joint power of the limb wearing the AFO in individuals post-stroke. Gait analysis was performed on 10 individuals with chronic stroke using a Vicon 3-dimensional motion capture system and a Bertec split-belt instrumented treadmill...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758978/analysis-of-foot-kinematics-wearing-high-heels-using-the-oxford-foot-model
#7
Meizi Wang, Yaodong Gu, Julien Steven Baker
Wearing high heels is thought to lead to various foot disorders and injuries such as metatarsal pain, Achilles tendon tension, plantar fasciitis and Haglund malformation. However, there is little available information explaining the specific mechanisms and reasons why wearing high heels causes foot deformity. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the foot kinematics of high heel wearers and compare any differences with barefoot individuals using the Oxford Foot Model (OFM). Fifteen healthy women aged 20-25 years were measured while walking barefoot and when wearing high heels...
April 29, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753998/use-of-high-speed-stereo-radiography-to-assess-the-foot-orthoses-effectiveness-in-controlling-midfoot-posture-during-walking-a-pilot-study
#8
Erin M Mannen, Stuart J Currie, Elizabeth C Bachman, Amira Otmane, Bradley S Davidson, Kevin B Shelburne, Thomas G McPoil
BACKGROUND: The intent of this pilot study was to determine the feasibility of using high-speed stereo radiography (HSSR) to assess the effectiveness of footwear and foot orthoses in controlling the change in the position of the midfoot during walking in individuals with a flexible pes planus foot type. METHODS: Four individuals (1 female; 3 male) with a mean age of 25 years (range 22-29) and a bilateral flexible pes planus foot type participated in the study. The HSSR system was used to measure 3-dimensional changes in the longitudinal arch angle (LAA) with each participant walking barefoot, shoe only and shoes with orthoses...
January 31, 2018: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753125/adaptation-of-kinematic-synergy-and-postural-control-to-mechanical-ankle-constraint-on-an-unsteady-stance-surface
#9
Yi-Ying Tsai, Gwo-Ching Chang, Ing-Shiou Hwang
Joint constraint interferes with the coordinative structure in joint movements used to optimize postural stability. This study aimed to investigate changes in postural synergy when the ankle joints were bilaterally braced during a stabilometer stance. Twenty-four young adults stood on a stabilometer plate while wearing a pair of ankle-foot orthoses, which were either unlocked or locked to restrict ankle motion (the ankle constraint (AC) and non-constraint (NC) conditions). Although ankle constraint did not significantly affect the dynamics of the stabilometer movements, the size and regularity of the first principal component (PC1), which explained more than 80% of the variance of joint movements in the lower limb, were increased...
May 9, 2018: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738294/clinical-application-of-a-3d-printed-scaffold-in-chronic-wound-treatment-a-case-series
#10
Haining Sun, Huayao Lv, Fanghui Qiu, Duolun Sun, Yue Gao, Ning Chen, YongKe Zheng, Kunxue Deng, Yaya Yang, Haitao Zhang, Tao Xu, Dongni Ren
OBJECTIVE: This case series evaluates the safety and effectiveness of 3D-printed scaffold in chronic wounds. The scaffold is a composite of natural and synthetic materials, and can be prepared in the form of powder or membrane. METHOD: We recruited patients with pressure ulcera (PU) and/or a diabetic foot ulcers (DFU). We used two methods: 3D-printed scaffolds alone, or 3D-printing powder mixed with platelet-rich fibrinogen (PRF). Clinicians and patients were asked to rate the scaffold's ease of application and comfort during use...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699592/effects-of-feet-warming-using-bed-socks-on-sleep-quality-and-thermoregulatory-responses-in-a-cool-environment
#11
Yelin Ko, Joo-Young Lee
BACKGROUND: As a way of helping to sleep in winter, methods of warming the feet through footbaths or heating pads before bedtime are tried. In particular, bed socks are popular during winter sleeping in Korea, but scientific evidence about the physiological effects of bed socks on sleep quality is rarely reported. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of feet warming using bed socks on sleep quality and thermoregulatory responses during sleep in a cool environment. METHODS: Six young males (22...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Physiological Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685216/potential-transmission-routes-of-dichelobacter-nodosus
#12
Iwan Locher, Ladina Giger, Sara Frosth, Peter Kuhnert, Adrian Steiner
Footrot caused by Dichelobacter nodosus is a highly contagious bacterial disease affecting the claw of sheep and the main cause of lameness in these animals. It is not only an economic burden but also a serious animal welfare issue. More information about the transmission of D. nodosus is needed for effective footrot control programs. We therefore determined the prevalence of D. nodosus in sheep presented at shows and markets where commingling of animals occurs. Furthermore, possible transmission vectors during foot trimming were investigated and trimming knife decontamination protocols evaluated...
May 2018: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684886/the-effects-of-three-quarter-and-full-length-foot-orthoses-on-knee-mechanics-in-healthy-subjects-and-patellofemoral-pain-patients-when-walking-and-descending-stairs
#13
J Burston, J Richards, J Selfe
BACKGROUND: An increased load of the patellofemoral joint is often attributed to foot function in patients with patellofemoral pain. Foot orthoses are commonly prescribed for this condition; however the mechanisms by which they work are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the kinematics and kinetics of the knee between patellofemoral pain patients and a group of healthy subjects when using a standardised foot orthosis prescription during walking and step descent...
April 17, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683857/management-of-tibial-bow-in-fibular-deficiency
#14
David E Westberry, Ashley M Carpenter, John Barrera, Alison Westberry
BACKGROUND: Deformity of the tibia, including shortening and angulation, may accompany severe forms of postaxial hypoplasia (fibular deficiency). The current literature reflects varying opinions on the appropriate management for tibial deformity in the setting of fibular deficiency. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review to determine outcomes of tibial deformity correction in patients with a primary diagnosis of fibular deficiency. Clinical and radiographic outcomes of patients treated with foot ablation were reviewed to establish indications for tibial deformity correction, identify occurrence of additional surgical procedures related to limb alignment or deformity, and characterize difficulties with prosthetic wear potentially related to residual or recurrent tibial deformity...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599517/increasing-prosthetic-foot-energy-return-affects-whole-body-mechanics-during-walking-on-level-ground-and-slopes
#15
W Lee Childers, Kota Z Takahashi
Prosthetic feet are designed to store energy during early stance and then release a portion of that energy during late stance. The usefulness of providing more energy return depends on whether or not that energy transfers up the lower limb to aid in whole body propulsion. This research examined how increasing prosthetic foot energy return affected walking mechanics across various slopes. Five people with a uni-lateral transtibial amputation walked on an instrumented treadmill at 1.1 m/s for three conditions (level ground, +7...
March 29, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587357/importance-of-footwear-for-preventing-xerosis-and-hyperkeratosis-in-older-people-with-psychiatric-disorders-living-in-an-institution
#16
Ana María Pérez-Pico, Félix Marcos-Tejedor, María José Iglesias-Sánchez, Raquel Mayordomo Acevedo
Few studies have focused on the relation between the use and characteristics of footwear and the presence of foot lesions in people with psychiatric disorders. This work analyzes the influence of different footwear habits on the presence of deformities and ungueal and dermal pathologies of the foot of institutionalized people with psychiatric disorders compared to people without these disorders. A transversal and observational study was conducted on 107 participants, divided into two groups who have used different types of shoes throughout their lives...
March 24, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551943/repair-of-bone-defect-of-the-lateral-forefoot-by-double-segment-triangular-fibula-flap-with-vascular-pedicle-a-case-report
#17
Ruifu Yang, Mingwu Zhou, Chaofeng Xing, Shimin Li, Li Song, Jia Chen, Yingjie Xiong, Kai Zhang
Objective: To expound the clinical effect of a new operation by transplanting double segment triangular fibula flap with vascular pedicle to repair the forefoot with lateral bone defect, and to study how to improve the operation method in the following stage. Methods: The inclusion criteria: More than 2 phalangeal and metatarsal bones defects of the lateral forefoot, widespread skin and soft tissue defects on pelma and dorsal foot, and destruction of the anterior aspect of foot arch, which seriously affects the foot function...
December 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517450/use-of-glue-on-shoes-to-improve-conformational-abnormalities-in-two-asian-elephants-elephas-maximus
#18
Gary Johnson, Joanne Smith, Jim Peddie, Linda Peddie, Joe DeMarco, Ellen Wiedner
This report describes the use of custom-made, glue-on shoes for the front feet of two female adult Asian elephants ( Elephas maximus) with conformational abnormalities. Both elephants had unequal leg lengths. The first elephant also had bilateral fetlock varus causing recurrent nail infections of the fourth digits of the front feet. The second elephant displayed weight shifting. Over several years, multiple shoe prototypes were tested. The current version is made of two types of shoe rubber, glued together and attached to the pad of the shorter leg with a liquid adhesive...
March 2018: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506394/rolled-tendon-allograft-interposition-arthroplasty-for-salvage-surgery-of-the-hallux-metatarsophalangeal-joint
#19
Danielle Thomas, David Thordarson
BACKGROUND: Hallux rigidus is a common osteoarthritic disease of the first metatarsophalangeal joint (MTPJ). Few salvage treatment options exist that preserve motion for patients who have failed an initial procedure and who are not amenable to fusion, typically patients who are active or who would like to wear high heels. Allograft tendon interpositional arthroplasty is an unconventional salvage treatment option that may preserve motion and prevent bone loss. METHODS: A retrospective chart review is reported of 19 patients who failed previous procedures and refused fusion who underwent allograft tendon interpositional arthroplasty of the hallux MTPJ by a single surgeon between 2012 and 2015...
April 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487321/foot-strength-and-stiffness-are-related-to-footwear-use-in-a-comparison-of-minimally-vs-conventionally-shod-populations
#20
Nicholas B Holowka, Ian J Wallace, Daniel E Lieberman
The longitudinal arch (LA) helps stiffen the foot during walking, but many people in developed countries suffer from flat foot, a condition characterized by reduced LA stiffness that can impair gait. Studies have found this condition is rare in people who are habitually barefoot or wear minimal shoes compared to people who wear conventional modern shoes, but the basis for this difference remains unknown. Here we test the hypothesis that the use of shoes with features that restrict foot motion (e.g. arch supports, toe boxes) is associated with weaker foot muscles and reduced foot stiffness...
February 27, 2018: Scientific Reports
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