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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909032/midterm-outcomes-of-polyvinyl-alcohol-hydrogel-hemiarthroplasty-of-the-first-metatarsophalangeal-joint-in-advanced-hallux-rigidus
#1
Timothy R Daniels, Alastair S E Younger, Murray J Penner, Kevin J Wing, Sara Lyn Miniaci-Coxhead, Ellie Pinsker, Mark Glazebrook
BACKGROUND: Hallux rigidus is the most common arthritic condition of the foot. A randomized clinical trial of first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint hemiarthroplasty with a polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) hydrogel implant (Cartiva) demonstrated pain relief and functional outcomes equivalent to first MTP arthrodesis at 2 years postoperation, with no cases of implant fragmentation, wear, or bone loss. We prospectively determined 5-year outcomes of first MTP hemiarthroplasty with the PVA hydrogel implant...
November 30, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904728/reconstruction-of-postburn-contracture-of-the-forefoot-using-the-anterolateral-thigh-flap
#2
Sang Hyun Lee, Sung Jin An, Nu Ri Kim, Um Ji Kim, Jeung Il Kim
BACKGROUND: Severe forefoot deformities, particularly those involving the dorsum of the foot, cause inconvenience in daily activities of living including moderate pain on the dorsal aspect of the contracted foot while walking and difficulty in wearing nonsupportive shoes due to toe contractures. This paper presents clinical results of reconstruction of severe forefoot deformity using the anterolateral thigh (ALT) free flap. METHODS: Severe forefoot deformities were reconstructed using ALT flaps in 7 patients (8 cases) between March 2012 and December 2015...
December 2016: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891180/the-effect-of-foot-orthoses-with-forefoot-cushioning-or-metatarsal-pad-on-forefoot-peak-plantar-pressure-in-running
#3
Michaela Hähni, Anja Hirschmüller, Heiner Baur
BACKGROUND: Foot orthoses are frequently used in sports for the treatment of overuse complaints with sufficient evidence available for certain foot-related overuse pathologies like plantar fasciitis, rheumatoid arthritis and foot pain (e.g., metatarsalgia). One important aim is to reduce plantar pressure under prominent areas like metatarsal heads. For the forefoot region, mainly two common strategies exist: metatarsal pad (MP) and forefoot cushioning (FC). The aim of this study was to evaluate which of these orthosis concepts is superior in reducing plantar pressure in the forefoot during running...
2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876118/flat-shoes-increase-neurogenesis
#4
J Flensmark
The impairment of the horizontal is caused by elevation of the heel of the foot from the ground. Receptors in the soles of the feet provide a mapping of body orientation to the upright, and is identical to Mittelstaedt's idiotropic tendency. Initiation of gait wearing flat shoes without elevation of the heel is sufficient to change to a truthful horizontal. Using flat shoes increases neurogenesis and leads to a decreased frequency of diseases of the nervous system.
December 2016: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863443/gait-assessment-with-solesound-instrumented-footwear-in-spinal-muscular-atrophy
#5
Jacqueline Montes, Damiano Zanotto, Sally Dunaway Young, Rachel Salazar, Darryl C De Vivo, Sunil Agrawal
BACKGROUND: Gait impairment is common in spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) and is described using clinical assessments and instrumented walkways. Continuous over-ground walking has not been studied. METHODS: Nine SMA participants completed the six-minute walk test (6MWT) and 10-meter walk/run wearing instrumented footwear (SoleSound). Data were simultaneously collected using a reference system (GAITRite(TM) ). The root mean square error (RMSE) indicated criterion validity...
November 18, 2016: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843738/haglund-s-syndrome-a-commonly-seen-mysterious-condition
#6
REVIEW
Raju Vaishya, Amit Kumar Agarwal, Ahmad Tariq Azizi, Vipul Vijay
Haglund's deformity was first described by Patrick Haglund in 1927. It is also known as retrocalcaneal exostosis, Mulholland deformity, and 'pump bump.' It is a very common clinical condition, but still poorly understood. Haglund's deformity is an abnormality of the bone and soft tissues in the foot. An enlargement of the bony section of the heel (where the Achilles tendon is inserted) triggers this condition. The soft tissue near the back of the heel can become irritated when the large, bony lump rubs against rigid shoes...
October 7, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835963/flip-flop-footwear-with-a-moulded-foot-bed-for-the-treatment-of-foot-pain-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Vivienne Helaine Chuter, Angela Searle, Martin J Spink
BACKGROUND: Foot pain is a common problem affecting up to 1 in 5 adults and is known to adversely affect activities of daily living and health related quality of life. Orthopaedic footwear interventions are used as a conservative treatment for foot pain, although adherence is known to be low, in part due to the perception of poor comfort and unattractiveness of the footwear. The objective of this trial was to assess the efficacy of flip-flop style footwear (Foot Bio-Tec©) with a moulded foot-bed in reducing foot pain compared to participant's usual footwear...
November 11, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825592/immediate-effects-of-foot-orthoses-on-pain-during-functional-tasks-in-people-with-patellofemoral-osteoarthritis-a-cross-over-proof-of-concept-study
#8
Natalie J Collins, Rana S Hinman, Hylton B Menz, Kay M Crossley
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to determine whether prefabricated foot orthoses immediately reduce pain during functional tasks in people with patellofemoral osteoarthritis, compared to flat insoles and shoes alone. METHODS: Eighteen people with predominant lateral patellofemoral osteoarthritis (nine women; mean [SD] age 59 [10]years; body mass index 27.9 [3.2]kg/m(2)) performed functional tasks wearing running sandals, and then wearing foot orthoses and flat insoles (random order)...
November 4, 2016: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824657/effect-of-footwear-on-joint-pain-and-function-in-older-adults-with-lower-extremity-osteoarthritis
#9
Amy Wagner, Sarah Luna
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Lower extremity osteoarthritis (OA) is a common condition among older adults; given the risks of surgical and pharmaceutical interventions, conservative, lower-cost management options such as footwear warrant further investigation. This systematic review investigated the effects of footwear, including shoe inserts, in reducing lower extremity joint pain and improving gait, mobility, and quality of life in older adults with OA. METHODS: The CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, PubMed, RECAL, and Web of Knowledge databases were searched for publications from January 1990 to September 2014, using the terms "footwear," "shoes," "gait," "pain," and "older adult...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815810/ankle-foot-orthosis-in-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-a-4%C3%A2-year-experience-in-a-multidisciplinary-neuromuscular-disorders-clinic
#10
Anupam Gupta, Atchayaram Nalini, Shanti Prakash Arya, Seena Vengalil, Meeka Khanna, Rashmi Krishnan, Arun B Taly
OBJECTIVE: To assess Ankle-Foot-Orthosis (AFO) requirement and ambulation in Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) patients seen over a period of 4 y at a multi-disciplinary Neuromuscular disorders clinic (NMD). METHODS: A study was conducted in university quaternary research hospital with DMD patients confirmed by MLPA (multiplex ligation - dependent probe amplification) method and were evaluated between January 2012 and December 2015. Their ambulatory status, detailed neurological and functional status were recorded...
November 5, 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810021/does-the-use-of-high-heeled-shoes-lead-to-fore-foot-pathology-a-controlled-cohort-study-comprising-197-women
#11
Grethe E Borchgrevink, Annja T Viset, Eivind Witsø, Berit Schei, Olav A Foss
BACKGROUND: High-heeled shoes have been suggested as a main explanation for the female dominance in foot pain and deformities. Aim of study was to test this hypothesis scientifically. METHODS: Women 40-66 years were included in two groups. 95 women who had worn high-heeled shoes at work for at least 5 years were compared to 102 women who had never worn high-heeled shoes at work. The investigations were weight bearing radiographs of foot and ankle, the SEFAS questionnaire and the AOFAS Clinical Rating System...
December 2016: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762613/effect-of-vibram-fivefingers-minimalist-shoes-on-the-abductor-hallucis-muscle
#12
Nicholas A Campitelli, Scott A Spencer, Kaitlyn Bernhard, Kristen Heard, Alan Kidon
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the effect of Vibram FiveFingers Bikila minimalist shoes on intrinsic foot musculature. We hypothesized that a gradual transition into minimalist shoes will increase the thickness of the abductor hallucis muscle. METHODS: Forty-one individuals were divided into four groups: control (traditional shod) (n = 9), restricted walking in Vibram FiveFingers (n = 11), running in Vibram FiveFingers (n = 10), and unlimited walking in Vibram FiveFingers (n = 11)...
September 2, 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752287/getting-the-right-balance-insole-design-alters-the-static-balance-of-people-with-diabetes-and-neuropathy
#13
Joanne Paton, Sam Glasser, Richard Collings, Jon Marsden
BACKGROUND: Over 1 in 3 older people with diabetes sustain a fall each year. Postural instability has been identified as independent risk factor for falls within people with Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy (DPN). People with DPN, at increased risk of falls, are routinely required to wear offloading insoles, yet the impact of these insoles on postural stability and postural control is unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a standard offloading insole and its constituent parts on the balance in people with DPN...
2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747750/the-incidence-of-pedestrian-distraction-at-urban-intersections-after-implementation-of-a-streets-smarts-campaign
#14
Pina Violano, Linda Roney, Kirsten Bechtel
BACKGROUND: Pedestrians distracted by digital devices or other activities are at a higher risk of injury as they cross streets. We sought to describe the incidence of pedestrians distracted by digital devices or other activities at two highly traveled urban intersections after the implementation of a pedestrian safety intervention at one of the intersections. METHODS: This was an observational field study of two urban intersections. Two investigators were stationed at each of the four corners of the intersection...
December 2015: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721122/the-effectiveness-of-felt-padding-for-offloading-diabetes-related-foot-ulcers-at-baseline-and-after-one-week-of-wear
#15
Anita Raspovic, Kate Waller, Wan Mun Wong
AIM: Felt padding is used to offload diabetes-related foot ulceration although limited quality data exists to support its use. This study aimed to quantify pressure offloading from neuropathic plantar foot ulcers in a clinical setting, when felt padding is first applied and after wear. METHODS: This study used a within-subjects, repeated measures design. Data was collected in a high-risk foot service. Peak plantar pressures, contact area and contact time were measured in 15 diabetes subjects with 16 non-complicated plantar neuropathic foot ulcers, with: no felt padding, newly applied felt padding and felt padding after one week of wear...
September 28, 2016: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702444/increasing-ankle-push-off-work-with-a-powered-prosthesis-does-not-necessarily-reduce-metabolic-rate-for-transtibial-amputees
#16
Roberto E Quesada, Joshua M Caputo, Steven H Collins
Amputees using passive ankle-foot prostheses tend to expend more metabolic energy during walking than non-amputees, and reducing this cost has been a central motivation for the development of active ankle-foot prostheses. Increased push-off work at the end of stance has been proposed as a way to reduce metabolic energy use, but the effects of push-off work have not been tested in isolation. In this experiment, participants with unilateral transtibial amputation (N=6) walked on a treadmill at a constant speed while wearing a powered prosthesis emulator...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693021/adipofascial-fold-down-flaps-based-on-the-posterior-tibial-artery-perforator-to-cover-the-medial-foot-and-ankle-defects
#17
K J Lee, S H Lee, M B Kim, Y H Lee
PURPOSE: We report the clinical outcome after coverage for soft-tissue defect on the medial foot and ankle with an adipofascial fold-down flap based on the posterior tibial artery perforator branch proximal to the defect. MATERIALS: Nine patients (five males and four females) with soft-tissue defects on the medial foot and ankle area underwent the procedure from March 2009 to May 2014. The average age of the patients was 54 years (range, 8-82). The pivot point of transposition of this flap is the posterior tibial artery perforator proximal to the defect...
December 2016: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689598/ergonomic-footwear-for-sri-lankan-primary-schoolchildren-a-review-of-the-literature
#18
I S Hettigama, H K G Punchihewa, N K Heenkenda
BACKGROUND: Foot ailments are common among schoolchildren, some of which may be attributed to wearing ill-fitting footwear. As schoolchildren often participate in athletic activity, they are doubly vulnerable to foot ailments, and are particularly vulnerable to conditions such as hallux valgus, Achilles tendonitis, athlete's foot, corns and calluses. Thus, there is an acute need for the design and manufacture of ergonomic footwear for this target group. While research on appropriate footwear for children has been carried out in relation to child populations in other societies, research on the circumstances of Sri Lankan schoolchildren is lacking...
October 17, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688813/a-survey-exploring-self-reported-indoor-and-outdoor-footwear-habits-foot-problems-and-fall-status-in-people-with-stroke-and-parkinson-s
#19
Catherine Bowen, Ann Ashburn, Mark Cole, Margaret Donovan-Hall, Malcolm Burnett, Judy Robison, Louis Mamode, Ruth Pickering, Dan Bader, Dorit Kunkel
BACKGROUND: Ill-fitting shoes have been implicated as a risk factor for falls but research to date has focused on people with arthritis, diabetes and the general older population; little is known about people with neurological conditions. This survey for people with stroke and Parkinson's explored people's choice of indoor and outdoor footwear, foot problems and fall history. METHODS: Following ethical approval, 1000 anonymous postal questionnaires were distributed to health professionals, leads of Parkinson's UK groups and stroke clubs in the wider Southampton area, UK...
2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677041/posterior-intraductal-lombar-tumor%C3%A2-about-a-migration-disc
#20
Samia Frioui Mahmoudi, Emna Toulgui, Sonia Jemni, Khalil Ben Jeddou, Mariem Gaddour, Afif Zaoui, Faycel Khachnaoui
OBJECTIVE: To talk through our observation and a review of the literature about radiological features and diagnostic difficulties of this particular form of disk migration. OBSERVATIONS: We report the case of a 29 year-old patient who presented following the wearing of a heavy load bilateral acute lombosciatalgies associated with a deficit of both lower limbs and urinary incontinence. Clinical examination revealed a motor deficit of sural triceps and foot relievers estimated1 in bilateral, hypoesthesia of the anterolateral side of the two legs and the feet, low bone tendon reflexes were abolished, anesthesia in the saddle, hypotonic anal sphincter and bladder distension...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
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