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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070223/medical-grade-footwear-the-impact-of-fit-and-comfort
#1
Bessie Hurst, Helen Branthwaite, Andrew Greenhalgh, Nachiappan Chockalingam
BACKGROUND: Pressure-related skin lesions on the digits are a significant cause of discomfort. Most foot pain related to ill-fitting shoes occurs in the forefoot and digital areas. Pain has been associated with poor shoe fit, reduced toe box volume, as well as contour and shape of the shoe Off-the-shelf medical-grade footwear is designed as an intervention for chronic lesions on the digits. These shoes are designed with a flexible neoprene fabric upper that is thought to reduce pressure on the forefoot and reduce discomfort associated with ill-fitting shoes...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058998/subjective-assessments-of-floor-slipperiness-before-and-after-walk-under-two-lighting-conditions
#2
Kai Way Li, Caijun Zhao, Lu Peng, Ai-Qun Liu
A gait experiment was performed. The participants were tested under shoes, floors, surface, and lighting conditions. They gave floor slipperiness ratings before and after a gait trial. The perceived sense of slip (PSOS) was collected. It was found that the perceived floor slipperiness (PFS) before walking was affected significantly by the lighting, floor, and surface conditions. Relative low PFS values were recorded under wet and detergent contaminated conditions at normal daylight condition as compared to those in the dimmed condition...
January 6, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052381/the-lateral-calcaneal-artery-as-an-alternative-recipient-vessel-option-for-heel-and-lateral-foot-reconstruction
#3
Kyong-Je Woo, Jin-Woo Park, Goo-Hyun Mun
BACKGROUND: Clinical outcomes of consecutive use of the lateral calcaneal artery (LCA) as a recipient vessel for microsurgical reconstruction have not been reported. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and safety of the LCA as a recipient vessel for microsurgical foot reconstruction based on anatomical study of CT angiography and clinical results of using this vessel as the recipient. METHODS: Anatomic study was performed using CT angiography of 61 lower extremities (31 patients)...
January 4, 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050918/unstable-footwear-affects-magnitude-and-structure-of-variability-in-postural-control
#4
Michael Buchecker, Stefan Wegenkittl, Thomas Stöggl, Erich Müller
This study evaluated the amount, and particularly the structure of variability in postural control accompanying an unstable shoe (US) application. Medio-lateral and anterior-posterior center of pressure (COP) signals, plus electromyographic (EMG) profiles of the tibialis anterior and gastrocnemius medialis were recorded in 29 asymptomatic men while wearing both US and flat shoes (FS). Statistical analysis included common measures of dispersion, as well as sample entropy (SEn) and largest Lyapunov exponent (LyE) estimates...
January 4, 2017: Motor Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050435/mucinous-cystadenocarcinoma-in-a-horse-shoe-kidney-masquerading-as-giant-hydronephrosis-a-case-report-diagnostic-challenges-lessons-learnt-and-review-of-literature
#5
Leena Dennis Joseph, Sriram Krishnamoorthy, Rajendiran Swaminathan, Gokul Kripesh, Hariharasudhan Sekar
Primary epithelial tumour of the renal pelvis is a rare entity. So far, very few cases are reported in literature. Of these, mucin secreting adenocarcinomas are distinctly rare. However, mucinous cystadenocarcinoma, that too arising in a horse shoe kidney is extremely rare to be reported. Mucinous cystadenomas and carcinomas arising from the renal pelvis are regarded to be secondary to a metaplastic change in the urothelium. Here, we present a case of a 51-year-old male, who complained of abdominal pain, palpable abdominal mass, haematuria along with passage of mucoid material in the urine, with a very poorly functioning kidney...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049108/spatial-and-temporal-gait-characteristics-of-elderly-individuals-during-backward-and-forward-walking-with-shoes-and-barefoot
#6
Michal Elboim-Gabyzon, Shira Rotchild
Backward walking (BW) is an inherent component of mobility and function in daily activities, particularly indoors, when it is more likely that a person is barefoot. No studies to date have compared the spatio-temporal characteristics of BW with and without shoes in elderly individuals. This study compared spatio-temporal measures of BW and forward walking (FW) among elderly individuals while barefoot or wearing shoes. Forty-seven elderly individuals (13 men and 34 women, 76.7±7.7years of age) were evaluated...
December 6, 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046009/stiffness-effects-in-rocker-soled-shoes-biomechanical-implications
#7
Shih-Yun Lin, Pei-Fang Su, Chia-Hua Chung, Chi-Chun Hsia, Chih-Han Chang
Rocker-soled shoes provide a way to reduce the possible concentration of stress, as well as change movement patterns, during gait. This study attempts to examine how plantar force and spatio-temporal variables are affected by two rocker designs, one with softer and one with denser sole materials, by comparing them with the barefoot condition and with flat-soled shoes. Eleven subjects' gait parameters during walking and jogging were recorded. Our results showed that compared with barefoot walking, plantar forces were higher for flat shoes while lower for both types of rocker shoes, the softer-material rocker being the lowest...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035908/plantar-pressures-increase-with-raising-body-weight-a-standardised-approach-with-paired-sample-using-neutral-shoes
#8
T Hotfiel, H D Carl, F Wendler, A Jendrissek, R Heiß, B Swoboda
BACKGROUND: Plantar pressure leads to stress on plantar tissue and can be seen as risk factor for metatarsal stress fractures or plantar ulcers and is associated with prolonged and complicated recurrence of existing tissue damages. A clear demarcation of a systematic raise of body load regarding its effect on plantar pressure has not been described. OBJECTIVE: Assessing plantar pressure in different conditions of body weight, comparing data to initial body weight...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033057/calcaneal-bone-mass-modification-in-recreational-runners
#9
Elena Escamilla-Martínez, Alfonso Martínez-Nova, Beatriz Gómez-Martín, Raquel Sánchez-Rodríguez, Lourdes María Fernández-Seguín, Juan Diego Pedrera-Zamorano
BACKGROUND: The calcaneus is the bone of the foot that first receives the impact of running, generating vibrations that might have a positive effect in modifying the trabecular bone mass. The objective of this study was to determine the variation in calcaneal bone density in runners during a 6-month training season, comparing it with a control sample. METHODS: Bone density of the heel was measured in 33 male recreational runners by means of a contact ultrasonic bone analyzer...
November 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031517/review-article-operative-versus-nonoperative-treatment-for-displaced-intraarticular-calcaneal-fracture-a-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#10
Sanjay Meena, Shreesh Kumar Gangary, Pankaj Sharma
We reviewed 8 randomised controlled trials that compared operative and non-operative treatment for displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures. Patients with operative treatment were more likely to resume pre-injury work (relative risk [RR]=0.60, p=0.04), had fewer problems when wearing shoes (RR=0.42, p=0.0004), and had a higher physical component summary score of SF-36 (difference in means=6.75, p<0.0001) but a higher complication rate (RR=1.74, p=0.0005).
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025357/deconstructing-chronic-low-back-pain-in-the-older-adult-step-by-step-evidence-and-expert-based-recommendations-for-evaluation-and-treatment-part-xii-leg-length-discrepancy
#11
Mark Havran, Joel D Scholten, Paula Breuer, Jennifer Lundberg, Gary Kochersberger, Dave Newman, Debra K Weiner
 To present the last in a 12-part series designed to deconstruct chronic low back pain (CLBP) in older adults. This article focuses on leg length discrepancy (LLD) and presents an algorithm outlining approaches to diagnosis and management of LLD in older adults, along with a representative clinical case. METHODS : Using a modified Delphi approach, the LLD evaluation and treatment algorithm was developed by a multidisciplinary expert panel representing expertise in physical therapy, geriatric medicine, and physical medicine and rehabilitation...
December 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024305/lower-extremity-reconstruction-with-free-gracilis-flaps
#12
Michael J Franco, Michael C Nicoson, Rajiv P Parikh, Thomas H Tung
Background There have been significant advancements in lower extremity reconstruction over the last several decades, and the plastic surgeon's armamentarium has grown to include free muscle and fasciocutaneous flaps along with local perforator and propeller flaps. While we have found a use for a variety of techniques for lower extremity reconstruction, the free gracilis has been our workhorse flap due to the ease of harvest, reliability, and low donor site morbidity. Methods This is a retrospective review of a single surgeon's series of free gracilis flaps utilized for lower extremity reconstruction...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024170/reaction-time-profiles-of-adults-action-prediction-reveal-two-mindreading-systems
#13
Katheryn Edwards, Jason Low
Human beings are able to quickly step into others' shoes to predict peoples' actions. There is little consensus over how this cognitive feat might be accomplished. We tested the hypotheses that an efficient, but inflexible, mindreading system gives rise to appropriate reaction time facilitation in a standard unexpected transfer task, but not in a task involving an identity component. We created a new behavioural paradigm where adults had to quickly select whether an actor would reach, or not reach, for an object based on the actor's false belief about the object's location...
December 23, 2016: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018488/relationship-between-patient-reported-outcome-measures-prom-and-three-measures-of-foot-ankle-alignment-in-patients-with-metatarsal-head-pain-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Manuel González-Sánchez, Esther Velasco-Ramos, Maria Ruiz Muñoz, Antonio I Cuesta-Vargas
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study is to establish the relationship between foot-ankle patient-reported outcome measures (PROM) and three measures of foot-ankle alignment (MoFAA) in patients with metatarsal head pain. METHODS: A cross-sectional study where 206 patients completed three PROMs and a clinician recorded three MoFAA bilaterally (three times each). A reliability analysis of the MoFAA, a correlation analysis (between MoFAA and PROM) and regression analysis (dependent variable: PROM; independent variables: MoFAA) were performed...
2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012341/walking-cadence-affects-rate-of-plantar-foot-temperature-change-but-not-final-temperature-in-younger-and-older-adults
#15
Prabhav Nadipi Reddy, Glen Cooper, Andrew Weightman, Emma Hodson-Tole, Neil D Reeves
This study examined the relationship between (1) foot temperature in healthy individuals and walking cadence, (2) temperature change at different locations of the foot, and (3) temperature change and its relationship with vertical pressures exerted on the foot. Eighteen healthy adult volunteers (10 between 30 and 40 years - Age: 33.4±2.4years; 8 above 40 years - Age: 54.1±7.7years) were recruited. A custom-made insole with temperature sensors was placed directly onto the plantar surface of the foot and held in position using a sock...
December 6, 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011408/measurement-of-fidgeting-in-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa-using-a-novel-shoe-based-monitor
#16
Lauren Belak, Loren Gianini, Diane A Klein, Edward Sazonov, Kathryn Keegan, Esther Neustadt, B Timothy Walsh, Evelyn Attia
OBJECTIVE: To objectively assess seated non-exercise physical activity in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) relative to healthy controls (HCs) and examine the associations between this physical activity, eating disorder pathology, and levels of anxiety and depression. METHOD: Eleven inpatients with AN and 10 HCs wore a shoe-based accelerometer (SmartShoe) at three time points: a) while eating lunch, b) filling out questionnaires, and c) watching television for 1h...
December 9, 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003995/gait-training-in-chronic-stroke-using-walk-even-feedback-device-a-pilot-study
#17
V Krishnan, I Khoo, P Marayong, K DeMars, J Cormack
Asymmetrical gait and a reduction in weight bearing on the affected side are a common finding in chronic stroke survivors. The purpose of this pilot study was to determine the effectiveness of a shoe insole device that we developed, called Walk-Even, in correcting asymmetric gait in chronic stroke survivors. Six individuals with chronic (>6 months) stroke underwent 8 weeks of intervention with 2 sessions/week, each consisting of 20 minutes of gait training and 20 minutes of lower-extremity strength training...
2016: Neuroscience Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002322/the-effect-of-polydeoxyribonucleotide-prolotherapy-on-posterior-tibial-tendon-dysfunction-after-ankle-syndesmotic-surgery-a-case-report
#18
Tae-Ha Lim, Hyung Rae Cho, Keum Nae Kang, Chang Joon Rhyu, Sung Won Chon, Young Su Lim, Jee In Yoo, Jung-Won Kim, Young Uk Kim
RATIONALE: Ankle syndesmotic injuries occasionally require long-term therapy for recovery and can result in tendon injury. Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction (PTTD) is an acquired deformity that can cause flatfoot deformity. The current nonoperative management of PTTD includes nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), orthopedic devices. Although various treatment options have been attempted, optimal treatments for each stage of the condition are debated. Polydeoxyribonucleotide (PDRN) is effective in healing of chronic wounds associated with tissue damage by attracting tissue growth factors...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002103/total-matricectomy-and-v-y-advancement-flap-technique-in-the-treatment-of-onychogryphosis
#19
Kaan Gürbüz, Frat Ozan, Cemil Kayal, Taşkn Altay
BACKGROUND: Onychogryphosis is manifested by irregular thickening and curving of nails and the nailfold, resulting in ram horn appearance. No therapeutic modality that can normalize nails with onychogryphosis is yet available. Recommended therapies include palliative measures and various surgical interventions. OBJECTIVE: The authors reviewed the outcomes of total matricectomy and V-Y advancement flap technique used for nail removal in patients with onychogryphosis at the big toe...
December 19, 2016: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001235/dermatitis-after-contact-with-pheropsophus-sp-coleoptera-carabidae-brachininae-in-the-par%C3%A3-state-brazilian-amazon
#20
Pedro Pereira de Oliveira Pardal, Cristiane Tárcis Cunha da Silva, Wuelton Marcelo Monteiro, Maria Apolônia da Costa Gadelha
Dermatitis caused by bombardier beetles is rarely reported. Here, we report a case of beetle-caused dermatitis that occurred in Pará State, the Brazilian Amazon. A female patient while putting on her shoes, felt a burning pain in the right hallux and noticed a beetle inside the shoe. During medical consultation, the physician observed that the injury site was brown and discolored. The patient complained of localized burning pain and blurred vision. The beetle responsible for the injury was identified as Pheropsophus sp...
November 2016: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
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