keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Shoe

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644193/heel-raised-foot-posture-do-not-affect-trunk-and-lower-extremity-biomechanics-during-a-barbell-back-squat-in-recreational-weightlifters
#1
Szu-Ping Lee, Carrie Gillis, Javier J Ibarra, Derek Oldroyd, Ryan Zane
It is claimed that weightlifting shoes with a raised heel may lead to a more upright trunk posture, and thus reduce the risk of back injuries during a barbell back squat. These proclaimed biomechanical effects have not been thoroughly investigated. The purpose of this study was to compare trunk and lower extremity biomechanics during barbell back squats in 3 foot postures.14 recreational weightlifters (7 male and 7 female) between the ages of 18-50 performed barbell back squats in 3 conditions (barefoot on a flat surface, barefoot on a heel-raised platform, and wearing heel-raised weightlifting shoes) at 80% of their 1-RM...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641058/acute-kinematics-changes-in-marathon-runners-using-different-footwear
#2
Tania Socorro Amorim Soares, Camila Fonseca de Oliveira, Federico Pizzuto, Rui Manuel Garganta, João Paulo Vila-Boas, Mario Casimiro da Anunciação Paiva
The effects of running with or without shoes on injury prevention have been extensively studied, and several investigations have assessed biomechanical differences between them. However, findings are not consensual and further insights on biomechanical load associated with differently shod or barefoot conditions may be needed. This study aimed to observe if habitually shod marathon runners show acute alterations when running barefoot or with minimalist shoes, and to determine whether the running kinematical adaptations of wearing minimalist shoes were similar to barefoot running...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632050/effects-of-turf-and-cleat-footwear-on-plantar-load-distributions-in-adolescent-american-football-players-during-resisted-pushing
#3
Jeffrey B Taylor, Anh-Dung Nguyen, Janet R Griffin, Kevin R Ford
Metatarsal and midfoot injuries are common in American football. Footwear design may influence injury rates by altering plantar foot loading patterns in these regions. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of cleat design on in-shoe plantar foot loading during a football-specific, resisted pushing task. Twenty competitive football players (age 14.7 ± 1.8 years, height 1.72 ± 0.10 m, and mass 71.8 ± 26.9 kg) completed three trials of pushing a weighted sled at maximal effort in a standard shoe (CLEAT) and artificial turf-specific shoe (TURF), with flexible in-shoe force measuring insoles...
February 28, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628783/automatic-retrieval-of-shoeprint-images-using-blocked-sparse-representation
#4
Sayyad Alizadeh, Cemal Kose
Shoe marks are regarded as remarkable clues which can be usually detected in crime scenes where forensic experts use them for investigating crimes and identifying the criminals. Hence, developing a robust method for matching shoeprints with one another is of critical significance which can be used for recognizing criminals. In this paper, a promising method is proposed for retrieving shoe marks by means of developing blocking sparse representation technique. In the proposed method, the queried image was divided into two blocks...
June 8, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616080/pedobarography-as-a-clinical-tool-in-the-management-of-diabetic-feet-in-new-zealand-a-feasibility-study
#5
Jason K Gurney, Uwe G Kersting, Dieter Rosenbaum, Ajith Dissanayake, Steve York, Roger Grech, Anthony Ng, Bobbie Milne, James Stanley, Diana Sarfati
BACKGROUND: The peripheral complications of diabetes mellitus remain a significant risk to lower-limb morbidity. In New Zealand, risk of diabetes, comorbidity and lower-limb amputation are highly-differential between demographic groups, particularly ethnicity. There is growing and convincing evidence that the use of pedobarography - or plantar pressure measurement - can usefully inform diabetic foot care, particularly with respect to the prevention of re-ulceration among high-risk patients...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614253/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-into-the-effect-of-lateral-wedge-arch-support-insoles-for-reducing-knee-joint-load-in-patients-with-medial-knee-osteoarthritis
#6
Fei Xing, Bin Lu, Ming-Jie Kuang, Ying Wang, Yun-Long Zhao, Jie Zhao, Lei Sun, Yan Wang, Jian-Xiong Ma, Xin-Long Ma
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the immediate effects of lateral wedge arch support insoles (LWAS) on reducing the knee joint load in patients with medial knee osteoarthritis (OA) compared with an appropriate control. METHODS: Databases including Medline, EMBASE, Web of Science, Wiley Online Library, Cochrane library, and Google Scholar were searched with no limits on study date or language, from the earliest available date to October 31, 2016. The included studies had to have the aim of reducing knee load and have an appropriate control...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609874/two-new-species-of-oswaldocruzia-nematoda-molineidae-parasitising-lizards-in-ukraine
#7
Roman Svitin
Two new species, Oswaldocruzia lisnykiensis sp. n. and Oswaldocruzia lacertica sp. n., are described from Anguis fragilis L. (Reptilia: Anquidae) and Lacerta agilis L. (Reptilia: Lacertidae) respectively. Both species belong to the Palaearctic group of species which have spicules divided in three main branches (blade, fork and shoe) with fork division above its distal third. The new species differs from all previously known Palaearctic species by several morphological characters: type of caudal bursa (type III in O...
May 9, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607766/hallux-rigidus
#8
REVIEW
Bryant Ho, Judith Baumhauer
An estimated 40% of the US population have foot problems.Of all patients aged over 50 years, 2.5% report degenerative arthritis of the first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint, termed 'hallux rigidus'. First MTP osteoarthritis is the most common arthritic condition in the foot.Progression of great toe arthritis is associated with pain and loss of motion. Non-surgical intervention begins with shoe modifications and orthotics designed to limit MTP motion.In patients with mild arthritis, operative procedures focus on removing excess osteophytes (cheilectomy) to prevent dorsal impingement with or without a concomitant osteotomy (Moberg) to improve or shift range of motion into a less painful arc...
January 2017: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605225/effect-of-shoes-on-stiffness-and-energy-efficiency-of-ankle-foot-orthosis-bench-testing-analysis
#9
Toshiki Kobayashi, Fan Gao, Nicholas LeCursi, K Bo Foreman, Michael S Orendurff
Understanding the mechanical properties of ankle-foot orthoses (AFOs) is important to maximize their benefit for those with movement disorders during gait. Though mechanical properties such as stiffness and/or energy efficiency of AFOs have been extensively studied, it remains unknown how and to what extent shoes influence their properties. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of shoes on stiffness and energy efficiency of an AFO using a custom mechanical testing device. Stiffness and energy efficiency of the AFO were measured in the plantarflexion and dorsiflexion range, respectively, under AFO-alone and AFO-Shoe combination conditions...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604043/in-your-shoes-or-mine-shifting-from-other-to-self-perspective-is-vital-for-emotional-empathy
#10
Chui-De Chiu, Yei-Yu Yeh
Emotional empathy-feeling another person's affective states-entails simulating how one would feel in the same circumstance. Prior research has implicated the role of executive controls and shown a link between visuospatial perspective taking and personal disposition of empathy. No study has investigated how executive control processes involved in perspective shifting relate to emotional empathy. Incorporating a spatial perspective-taking task in a set switch paradigm, we investigated whether swiftly switching from the altercentric to the egocentric perspective is associated with heightened emotional empathy but not with accurate classification of low-level perceptual affective cues...
June 12, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599798/determination-of-optimal-shoe-fitting-for-children-tennis-players-effects-of-inner-shoe-volume-and-upper-stiffness
#11
Alexis Herbaut, Maxime Roux, Nils Guéguen, Pascale Chavet, Franck Barbier, Emilie Simoneau-Buessinger
The purpose of this study was to determine the optimal inner-shoe volume for children tennis players. Sixteen participants, aged from 8 to 12 years old assessed comfort of 6 shoes, which were a combination of 3 lasts (thin, medium and wide) and 2 upper constructions (flexible and stiff), while a sock equipped with textile sensors was measuring the pressure applied on their foot. The thin last was based on the proportion of an adult last. The widest shoes produced the lowest pressure on the 1st and 5th metatarsal heads, the medial midfoot and the medial and lateral heel (p < 0...
June 6, 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599012/influence-of-textured-insoles-on-dynamic-postural-balance-of-young-dancers
#12
Nili Steinberg, Oren Tirosh, Roger Adams, Janet Karin, Gordon Waddington
BACKGROUND: Postural balance (PB) is a significant factor in dance performance and injury prevention. We aimed to determine whether the use of textured insoles inserted into casual walking shoes of dancers improved their dynamic PB and whether dancers with previous injury manifested different dynamic PB compared with non-injured dancers. METHODS: In this crossover design study, 26 ballet dancers from the Australian Ballet School, aged 14-19 yrs, were divided into two groups matched by sex and class levels...
June 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594688/treatment-of-the-lower-extremity-contracture-deformities
#13
Harold J P van Bosse, Eva Pontén, Akifusa Wada, Olga E Agranovich, Bartłomiej Kowalczyk, Ehud Lebel, Hakan Şenaran, Denis V Derevianko, Maxim A Vavilov, Ekaterina V Petrova, Dmitry B Barsukov, Sergey F Batkin, Sharon Eylon, Vladimir M Kenis, Yulia V Stepanova, Dmitry S Buklaev, Guney Yilmaz, Oksana Köse, Svetlana I Trofimova, Fatih Durgut
Lower extremity deformities of patients with arthrogryposis multiplex congenita present a wide spectrum of severity and deformity combinations. Treatment goals range from merely ensuring comfortable seating and shoe wear, to fully independent and active ambulation, but the overarching intention is to help realize the patient's greatest potential for independence and function. Treatment of hip and knee contractures and dislocations has become more interventional, whereas treatment of foot deformities has paradoxically become much less surgical...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588901/development-and-evaluation-of-adsorption-sheet-hd-safe-sheet-u-using-active-carbon-for-the-purpose-of-the-preventing-the-contamination-diffusion-of-urinary-excreted-anticancer-drug
#14
Junya Sato, Haruka Ohkubo, Yuki Sasaki, Makoto Yokoi, Yasunori Hotta, Kenzo Kudo
BACKGROUND: Certain amount of anticancer drugs is excreted in the urine of patients receiving anticancer drugs, and urinary scattering including anticancer drugs at excretion has become a route of anticancer drug contamination. Therefore, we developed an active carbon sheet (HD safe sheet-U) that prevented diffusion by adsorbing anticancer drugs including that excreted in urine. The present study conducted a performance evaluation of this sheet. METHODS: The adsorption performance of active carbon to anticancer drug in the urine was evaluated by determining concentration changes in the active carbon suspension (5 mg/mL) of 14 kinds of anticancer drugs (cyclophosphamide, ifosfamide, carboplatin, cisplatin, methotrexate, 5-fluorouracil, cytarabine, gemcitabine, doxorubicin, epirubicin, paclitaxel, docetaxel, etoposide, and irinotecan) diluted with artificial urine...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577440/effects-of-unstable-footwear-on-gait-characteristic-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Maede Farzadi, Zahra Nemati, Maryam Jalali, Roghaye Sheikhy Doulagh, Mohammd Kamali
BACKGROUND: Over the last three decades, several designs of unstable footwear have been developed in the forms of shoes, sandals and boots. There are marketing claims related to the positive effects of these shoes on the training of lower limb muscles and improving gait. Many studies have been performed on the effects of unstable footwear on muscle activity, balance, posture, energy expenditure, lower extremity disorders, and biomechanical changes. The analysis of the kinetics and kinematics characteristics of gait would provide objective representation of body movement...
June 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577029/-osteoarthritis-of-the-upper-ankle-joint
#16
N Harrasser, R von Eisenhart-Rothe, F Pohlig, H Waizy, A Toepfer, L Gerdesmeyer, K Eichelberg
The majority of cases of upper ankle joint (UAJ) osteoarthritis are due to secondary causes. Clinically, osteoarthritis is usually characterized by an increasing limitation in dorsal extension of the UAJ with often relatively mild symptoms. In the course of time the full scale of the typical symptoms and the progressive restriction of the global function of the joint develop. Conservative therapy is often able to provide long-term improvement of the symptoms for the majority of patients by means of intermittent analgesics and orthoses as well as shoe modifications...
June 2, 2017: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573909/mobile-gait-analysis-via-eshoes-instrumented-shoe-insoles-a-pilot-study-for-validation-against-the-gold-standard-gaitrite-%C3%A2
#17
Harald Jagos, Katharina Pils, Michael Haller, Claudia Wassermann, Christa Chhatwal, Dietmar Rafolt, Frank Rattay
Clinical gait analysis contributes massively to rehabilitation support and improvement of in-patient care. The research project eSHOE aspires to be a useful addition to the rich variety of gait analysis systems. It was designed to fill the gap of affordable, reasonably accurate and highly mobile measurement devices. With the overall goal of enabling individual home-based monitoring and training for people suffering from chronic diseases, affecting the locomotor system. Motion and pressure sensors gather movement data directly on the (users) feet, store them locally and/or transmit them wirelessly to a PC...
July 2017: Journal of Medical Engineering & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567339/hallux-rigidus-how-do-i-approach-it
#18
REVIEW
Aaron Lam, Jimmy J Chan, Michele F Surace, Ettore Vulcano
Hallux rigidus is a degenerative disease of the first metatarsalphalangeal (MTP) joint and affects 2.5% of people over age 50. Dorsal osteophytes and narrowed joint space leads to debilitating pain and limited range of motion. Altered gait mechanics often ensued as 119% of the body force transmit through the 1(st) MTP joint during gait cycle. Precise etiology remains under debate with trauma being often cited in the literature. Hallux valgus interphalangeus, female gender, inflammatory and metabolic conditions have all been identified as associative factors...
May 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566641/rice-bran-oil-a-versatile-source-for-edible-and-industrial-applications
#19
Yogita P Pal, Amit P Pratap
Rice bran oil (RBO) is healthy gift generously given by nature to mankind. RBO is obtained from rice husk, a byproduct of rice milling industry and is gaining lot of importance as cooking oil due to presence of important micronutrient, gamma oryzanol. Its high smoke point is beneficial for its use for frying and deep frying of food stuff. It is popular because of balanced fatty acid profile (most ideal ratio of saturated, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids), antioxidant capacity, and cholesterollowering abilities...
2017: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561867/effectiveness-of-evenup%C3%A2-shoe-lift-use-among-individuals-prescribed-a-walking-boot
#20
David Kipp, David Village, Kenneth J Edwards
BACKGROUND: Walking boots are prescribed after foot and ankle injuries, allowing immediate ambulation for patients. However, temporary limb-length inequality (LLI) may result, causing dysfunction and pain, including low back pain. The Evenup™ shoe-lift was designed to eliminate joint pathology, pain, and gait deviations resulting from walking-boot-induced LLI, yet no clinical trials have been reported on its effectiveness. METHODS: Thirty-four subjects undergoing unilateral lower-extremity orthopedic medical and rehabilitative care were recruited for this study...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
keyword
keyword
35864
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"