keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Shoe

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433387/how-do-rocker-soled-shoes-influence-the-knee-adduction-moment-in-people-with-knee-osteoarthritis-an-analysis-of-biomechanical-mechanisms
#1
Elizabeth G Madden, Crystal O Kean, Tim V Wrigley, Kim L Bennell, Rana S Hinman
The primary objective was to examine mechanisms behind previously observed changes in the knee adduction moment (KAM) with rocker-soled shoes, in participants sub-grouped according to whether they experienced an immediate decrease, or increase, in peak KAM. In subgroups where frontal plane knee ground reaction force (GRF) lever-arm emerged as a significant predictor, a secondary aim was to examine biomechanical factors that contributed to change in this parameter. Thirty individuals with symptomatic, radiographic knee osteoarthritis (OA) underwent 3D gait analysis in unstable rocker-soled shoes and non-rocker-soled shoes...
April 9, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431451/-experience-with-the-hind-foot-relaxation-boot
#2
Hans Zwipp, Michael Borrmann, Eberhard Walter
The goal of this paper is to report our experience with hindfoot fractures using our specially developed boot, with a follow-up of 557 cases. This boot works like the well-known Allgöwer-Röck ortheses (ARO), but is a hybrid between a boot and an orthesis. It allows full weightbearing without using crutches and completely protects an acutely operated hind foot fracture, hind foot arthrodesis or a hind foot fracture which is suitable for conservative treatment. In its first generation, this boot was custom made and used in 408 cases, from March 1999 to February 2011...
April 21, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430546/overall-preference-of-running-shoes-can-be-predicted-by-suitable-perception-factors-using-a-multiple-regression-model
#3
Cheryl Sihui Tay, Thorsten Sterzing, Chen Yen Lim, Rui Ding, Pui Wah Kong
OBJECTIVE: This study examined (a) the strength of four individual footwear perception factors to influence the overall preference of running shoes and (b) whether these perception factors satisfied the nonmulticollinear assumption in a regression model. BACKGROUND: Running footwear must fulfill multiple functional criteria to satisfy its potential users. Footwear perception factors, such as fit and cushioning, are commonly used to guide shoe design and development, but it is unclear whether running-footwear users are able to differentiate one factor from another...
May 2017: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429984/partnering-to-improve-care-the-case-of-the-veterans-health-administration-s-quality-enhancement-research-initiative
#4
Alicia A Bergman, Deborah M Delevan, Isomi M Miake-Lye, Lisa V Rubenstein, David A Ganz
Background Within many large health care organizations, researchers and operations partners (i.e., policymakers, managers, clinical leaders) join to conduct studies to improve the quality of patient care. Yet optimal approaches to conducting partnership research and evaluation are only beginning to be clearly defined. The Veterans' Health Administration (VA) Quality Enhancement Research Initiative (QUERI), funded by operations leaders and administered by the VA's research service, now has nearly two decades of experience in fostering research-operations partnerships for improving quality of VA care...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423050/correction-stiffness-effects-in-rocker-soled-shoes-biomechanical-implications
#5
Shih-Yun Lin, Pei-Fang Su, Chia-Hua Chung, Chi-Chun Hsia, Chih-Han Chang
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0169151.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421239/weight-bearing-recommendations-after-operative-fracture-treatment-fact-or-fiction-gait-results-with-and-feasibility-of-a-dynamic-continuous-pedobarography-insole
#6
Benedikt J Braun, Nils T Veith, Mika Rollmann, Marcel Orth, Tobias Fritz, Steven C Herath, Jörg H Holstein, Tim Pohlemann
PURPOSE: Rehabilitation after lower-extremity fractures is based on the physicians' recommendation for non-, partial-, or full weight-bearing. Clinical studies rely on this assumption, but continuous compliance or objective loading rates are unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine the compliance to weight-bearing recommendations by introducing a novel, pedobarography system continuously registering postoperative ground forces into ankle, tibial shaft and proximal femur fracture aftercare and test its feasibility for this purpose...
April 19, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420258/lace-up-for-healthy-feet-the-impact-of-shoe-closure-on-plantar-stress-response
#7
Hadi Rahemi, David G Armstrong, Ana Enriquez, Joshua Owl, Talal K Talal, Bijan Najafi
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the impact of shoe closure on plantar thermal stress response (TSR), which is known to be a surrogate of shear stress and skin perfusion. It is aimed to explore potential impact of shoe closure on increasing risk factors associated with plantar ulcers in people with diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN). METHODS: Fifteen eligible subjects were enrolled. The left foot was used as a reference and fitted to a self-adjusted and habitual lace-tightening method by each subject...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417667/immediate-and-short-term-biomechanical-adaptation-of-habitual-barefoot-runners-who-start-shod-running
#8
Ivan P H Au, Fannie O Y Lau, Winko W An, Janet H Zhang, Tony L Chen, Roy T H Cheung
This study investigated the immediate and short-term effects of minimalist shoes (MS) and traditional running shoes (TRS) on vertical loading rates, foot strike pattern and lower limb kinematics in a group of habitual barefoot runners. Twelve habitual barefoot runners were randomly given a pair of MS or TRS and were asked to run with the prescribed shoes for 1 month. Outcome variables were obtained before, immediate after and 1 month after shoe prescription. Average and instantaneous vertical loading rates at the 1-month follow-up were significantly higher than that at the pre-shod session (P < 0...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416827/-comparison-of-the-effects-of-total-hip-arthroplasty-via-direct-anterior-approach-and-posterolateral-piriformis-sparing-approach
#9
J Xu, W D Zhuang, X W Li, G Y Yu, Y Lin, F Q Luo, Y H Xiao
OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical effects of direct anterior approach (DAA) and posterolateral piriformis-sparing approach (Mis-PLA) for minimally invasive surgery of total hip arthroplasty. METHODS: The patients who had total hip arthroplasty from March 2015 to February 2016 were randomly divided into 2 groups: DAA group and Mis-PLA group. In the study, 43 patients (45 hips) were performed with total hip replacement via the direct anterior approach (DAA group)...
April 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411472/thin-and-sexy-vs-muscular-and-dominant-prevalence-of-gendered-body-ideals-in-popular-dolls-and-action-figures
#10
Hope Boyd, Sarah K Murnen
We examined the extent to which popular dolls and action figures were portrayed with gendered body proportions, and the extent to which these gendered ideals were associated with heterosexual "success." We coded internet depictions of 72 popular female dolls and 71 popular male action figures from the websites of three national stores in the United States. Sixty-two percent of dolls had a noticeably thin body, while 42.3% of action figures had noticeably muscular bodies. Further, more thin dolls were portrayed with more sex object features than less thin dolls, including revealing, tight clothing and high-heeled shoes; bodies positioned with a curved spine, bent knee, and head cant; and with a sexually appealing facial expression...
April 12, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408141/the-effects-of-heel-height-on-head-position-long-term-average-spectra-and-perceptions-of-female-singers
#11
Amelia A Rollings
Female singers often wear high heels for auditions and performances. Heel height research in non-singing contexts indicates that wearing heels can affect body alignment and head position. Studies in orthodontics, sleep apnea, and voice science suggest that head and neck positioning can alter the vocal tract. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects, if any, of heel height (barefoot, 10.16-cm stilettos) on three angles of singer head position (calculated from C7-tragus-nasion), long-term average spectra data, and perceptual data (questionnaire) acquired from female (N = 30) soloists during alternating periods of silence and singing...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407504/high-heeled-walking-decreases-lumbar-lordosis
#12
Edeny Baaklini, Michael Angst, Florian Schellenberg, Marina Hitz, Stefan Schmid, Amir Tal, William R Taylor, Silvio Lorenzetti
An estimated 78% of women regularly walk in high heels. However, up to 58% complain about low back pain, which is commonly thought to be caused by increased lumbar lordosis. However, the extent to which a subject's posture is modified by high-heeled shoes during dynamic activities remains unknown. Therefore, we sought to evaluate whether low- or high-heeled shoes influence the kinematics of the pelvis and the spine during walking. Twenty-three inexperienced women, and seventeen women experienced in wearing high-heeled shoes, all aged 20-55 years, were measured barefoot and while wearing low- (4cm) and high-heeled (10cm) shoes during gait at a self-selected speed...
March 31, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406380/inferring-perspective-versus-getting-perspective-underestimating-the-value-of-being-in-another-person-s-shoes
#13
Haotian Zhou, Elizabeth A Majka, Nicholas Epley
People use at least two strategies to solve the challenge of understanding another person's mind: inferring that person's perspective by reading his or her behavior (theorization) and getting that person's perspective by experiencing his or her situation (simulation). The five experiments reported here demonstrate a strong tendency for people to underestimate the value of simulation. Predictors estimated a stranger's emotional reactions toward 50 pictures. They could either infer the stranger's perspective by reading his or her facial expressions or simulate the stranger's perspective by watching the pictures he or she viewed...
April 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403112/footwear-used-by-older-people-and-a-history-of-hyperkeratotic-lesions-on-the-foot-a-prospective-observational-study
#14
Patricia Palomo-López, Ricardo Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo, Marta Elena Losa-Iglesias, David Rodríguez-Sanz, César Calvo-Lobo, Daniel López-López
Inadequate footwear, painful and hyperkeratotic lesions (HL) are an extremely common problems amongst older people. Such problems increase the risk of falls, hamper mobility, reduction of quality of life, dignity, and ability to remain independent. The etiology of painful and feet conditions is poorly understood.To discover footwear preferences of older people, pain tolerance may favor presence of HL for the use of inadequate footwear in old age.A sample of 100 participants with a mean age of 74.90 ± 7...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391429/femoral-neck-fracture-osteosynthesis-by-the-biplane-double-supported-screw-fixation-method-bdsf-reduces-the-risk-of-fixation-failure-clinical-outcomes-in-207-patients
#15
Orlin Filipov, Karl Stoffel, Boyko Gueorguiev, Christoph Sommer
INTRODUCTION: Osteosynthesis of femoral neck fractures is related up to 46% rate of complications. The novel method of biplane double-supported screw fixation (BDSF; Filipov's method) offers better stability using three medially diverging cannulated screws with two of them buttressed on the calcar. Biomechanically, the most effective component is the distal screw placed at steeper angle and supported on a large area along the distal and posterior cortex of the femoral neck following its spiral anterior curve...
April 8, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388780/effect-of-footwear-on-dynamic-stability-during-single-leg-jump-landings
#16
Bradley J Bowser, William C Rose, Robert McGrath, Jilian Salerno, Joshua Wallace, Irene S Davis
Barefoot and minimal footwear running has led to greater interest in the biomechanical effects of different types of footwear. The effect of running footwear on dynamic stability is not well understood. The purpose of this study was to compare dynamic stability and impact loading across 3 footwear conditions; barefoot, minimal footwear and standard running shoes. 25 injury free runners (21 male, 4 female) completed 5 single-leg jump landings in each footwear condition. Dynamic stability was assessed using the dynamic postural stability index and its directional components (mediolateral, anteroposterior, vertical)...
April 7, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385562/shoe-cushioning-reduces-impact-and-muscle-activation-during-landings-from-unexpected-but-not-self-initiated-drops
#17
Weijie Fu, Ying Fang, Yaodong Gu, Lingyan Huang, Li Li, Yu Liu
OBJECTIVES: To date, few rigorous scientific studies have been conducted to understand the impact mechanics and muscle activation characteristics of different landing tasks and the influence of shoe properties. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of shoe cushioning on impact biomechanics and muscular responses during drop landings. DESIGN: A single-blinded and randomized design. METHODS: Twelve male collegiate basketball players performed bipedal landings from self-initiated and unexpected drops (SIDL and UDL) from a 60-cm height wearing highly-cushioned basketball shoes (Bball) and less cushioned control shoes (CC)...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371739/immediate-effects-of-shoes-inducing-ankle-destabilization-around-henke-s-axis-during-challenging-walking-gaits-gait-kinematics-and-peroneal-muscles-activities
#18
Lilian Fautrelle, Alexandre Kubicki, Nicolas Babault, Christos Paizis
Due to its high frequency of occurrence, as well as possible residual symptoms, proper treatment of lateral ankle sprains (LAS) is important. From a physiological point of view, increasing the quantity of electromyographic (EMG) activity in the peroneal muscles will mechanically improve the functional stability of the ankle joint. The present study investigated the immediate effects of an ankle destabilization device (ADD) specifically designed to induce imbalances along the Henke's axis during 3 challenging walking tasks...
March 23, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365220/adaptation-of-running-pattern-to-the-drop-of-standard-cushioned-shoes-a-randomised-controlled-trial-with-a-6-month-follow-up
#19
Laurent Malisoux, Paul Gette, Nicolas Chambon, Axel Urhausen, Daniel Theisen
OBJECTIVES: While several cross-sectional studies have investigated the acute effects of shoe drop on running biomechanics, the long-term consequences are currently unknown. This study aimed to investigate if the drop of standard cushioned shoes induces specific adaptations in running technique over a six-month period in leisure-time runners. DESIGN: Double-blinded randomised controlled trial. METHODS: The participants (n=59) received a pair of shoes with a heel-to-toe drop of 10mm (D10), 6mm (D6) or 0mm (D0) and were followed-up regarding running training over 6 months or 500km, whichever came first...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356626/effects-of-wearing-functional-foot-orthotic-on-pelvic-angle-among-college-students-in-their-20s-with-flatfoot
#20
KwangYong Park
[Purpose] This study examined the impact of wearing a functional foot orthotic on the pelvic angle of young adults who have flatfoot. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 15 college students diagnosed with flatfoot were included in the study. Changes in the pelvic angle in the stance period during walking before and after orthotic use were measured using a VICON Motion System (VICON, Hansung, Korea). The data were analyzed using SPSS 12.0 for Windows. [Results] In the experimental group, the pelvic angle during the mid-stance and mid-swing periods of the gait cycle significantly decreased on the left and right sides after wearing the orthotic, compared to the measurements taken before orthotic usage...
March 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
keyword
keyword
35864
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"