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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933424/-home-practice-is-the-program-parents-practice-of-program-skills-as-predictors-of-outcomes-in-the-new-beginnings-program-effectiveness-trial
#1
Cady Berkel, Irwin N Sandler, Sharlene A Wolchik, C Hendricks Brown, Carlos G Gallo, Amanda Chiapa, Anne M Mauricio, Sarah Jones
An examination of the content and processes of evidence-based programs is critical for empirically evaluating theories about how programs work, the "action theory" of the program (West et al. in American Journal of Community Psychology, 21, 571-605, 1993). The New Beginnings Program (NBP; Wolchik et al., 2007), a parenting-after-divorce preventive intervention, theorizes that program-induced improvements in parenting across three domains: positive relationship quality, effective discipline, and protecting children from interparental conflict, will reduce the negative outcomes that are common among children from divorced families...
December 8, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931254/feasibility-of-an-online-intervention-stak-d-to-promote-physical-activity-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Holly Blake, Helen Quirk, Paul Leighton, Tabitha Randell, James Greening, Boliang Guo, Cris Glazebrook
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity has important health benefits for children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), yet children and their parents face barriers to participation such as lack of self-efficacy or concerns around hypoglycaemia. Multimedia interventions are useful for educating children about their health and demonstrate potential to improve children's health-related self-efficacy, but few paediatric clinics offer web-based resources as part of routine care. The Steps to Active Kids with Diabetes (STAK-D) programme is an online intervention grounded in psychological theory (social cognitive theory) and informed by extensive preliminary research...
December 8, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929329/parents-posttraumatic-stress-after-burns-in-their-school-aged-child-a-prospective-study
#3
Marthe R Egberts, Rens van de Schoot, Rinie Geenen, Nancy E E Van Loey
OBJECTIVE: This prospective study examined the course and potential predictors of parents' posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) after burn injury in their child (Age 8 to 18 years). METHOD: One hundred eleven mothers and 91 fathers, representing 118 children, participated in the study. Within the first month after the burn event and subsequently at 3, 12, and 18 months postburn, both parents completed the Impact of Event Scale (IES). Parental emotions related to the burn event and appraisal of threat to the child's life were assessed, which were investigated in a multilevel regression model...
December 8, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923441/she-s-supporting-them-who-s-supporting-her-preschool-center-level-social-emotional-supports-and-teacher-well-being
#4
Katherine M Zinsser, Claire G Christensen, Luz Torres
Preschool teachers across the country have been charged to prepare children socially and emotionally for kindergarten. Teachers working in preschool centers are supporting children's social and emotional learning (SEL) within a rich ecology of emotion and social relationships and the present study considers how the supports implemented for children's SEL at the center-level are associated with teachers' psychological health and workplace experiences. Hierarchical linear models were constructed using data from the Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey 2009 cohort...
December 2016: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923185/profiling-perpetrators-of-interpersonal-violence-against-children-in-sport-based-on-a-victim-survey
#5
Tine Vertommen, Jarl Kampen, Nicolette Schipper-van Veldhoven, Kristien Wouters, Kasia Uzieblo, Filip Van Den Eede
The current article reports on perpetrator characteristics gathered in the first large-scale prevalence study on interpersonal violence against children in sport in the Netherlands and Belgium. Using retrospective web survey design, 4043 adults answered questions on their experiences in youth sport. The study looks at the number of perpetrators as well as individual descriptive characteristics (sex, age, and role in the sport organization) of perpetrators of psychological, physical and sexual violence as reported retrospectively by victim-respondents...
December 3, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922239/predictors-of-self-esteem-in-adolescents-with-a-psychiatric-referral
#6
Devrim Akdemir, Tuna Çak, Cihan Aslan, Büşra Sultan Aydos, Kevser Nalbant, Füsun Çuhadaroğlu-Çetin
In the literature self-esteem is found to be lower in clinically referred adolescents compared to adolescents without any psychiatric disorder. The aim of this study is to examine self-esteem and associated socio-demographical and psychological factors in clinically referred adolescents in Turkey. Three hundred forty-nine adolescents aged between 12 and 18 years admitted to the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry with a psychiatric complaint were enrolled. Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI), Parenting Style Scale (PSS) and Sense of Identity Assessment Form (SIAF) were used for the evaluation...
2016: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921373/association-between-the-prevalence-of-dental-caries-in-children-and-factors-related-to-their-mothers
#7
B-M Shin, D-Y Park
OBJECTIVES: We assessed the association between the socio-economic, behavioural, psychological and oral health status factors of Korean mothers with the status of dental caries in their children using nationwide representative data from the Fourth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. METHODS: Children were categorized into child (CG, 6-11 years) and adolescent (AG, 12-18 years) groups. Responses from both the child and his/her mother were included in the analysis...
December 6, 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920241/effectiveness-of-mindfulness-intervention-on-psychological-behaviors-among-adolescents-with-parental-hiv-infection-a-group-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Myo-Myo Mon, Tippawan Liabsuetrakul, Kyaw-Min Htut
This study aims to identify the effectiveness of mindfulness intervention on the psychological behaviors of adolescents with parental HIV infection and its associated factors in Myanmar. A total of 80 adolescents from 2 intervention townships and 80 adolescents from 2 control townships were enrolled in a group randomized controlled trial with assessments at baseline and 6 months follow-up. The mindfulness intervention involved monthly group sessions for 3 consecutive months led by an experienced mindfulness trainer...
November 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919499/quality-of-life-and-its-correlates-in-adolescent-multiple-sclerosis-patients
#9
Slavica Ostojic, Dejan Stevanovic, Jasna Jancic
INTRODUCTION: Measures of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) are considered to be more comprehensive in health outcome assessments than scales assessing only the degree of neurological deficit. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate HRQOL and its correlates among adolescents with multiple sclerosis (MS) in Serbia. METHODS: Demographic, clinical, and patient-reported outcome data were collected for 21 adolescents with MS, aged 14-18 years...
November 2016: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919000/the-role-of-anger-and-depressive-mood-in-transformation-process-from-victimization-to-perpetration
#10
Yanghee Lee, Sangwon Kim
Violence exerts detrimental influence on children's lives. Reported delinquent behaviors of children have reached an alarming level throughout all societies, and tend to be followed by further victimization. Victimized children suffer various physical and psychological difficulties, with the worst being further involved in perpetrations which puts these children at a greater risk. This study explores the transformation process from victimization to perpetration, by hypothesizing that depressive mood and anger serve as mediators...
December 2, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917556/the-mental-health-of-children-providing-care-to-their-elderly-parent
#11
Dörte Heger
Providing care to a disabled parent can be a psychologically strenuous activity with potential negative consequences for the caregiver's mental health. At the same time, experiencing the declining health of a parent - often the very reason for the parent's care needs - can impact the adult child's mental health negatively. Because both events are usually observed simultaneously, disentangling the "caregiver effect" and the "family effect" remains a challenge. Using longitudinal data of the elderly population in Europe and an instrumental variable approach to address possible endogeneity concerns, this paper separately estimates the effect of caregiving and the decline of a parent's health on adult children's mental health...
December 4, 2016: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915488/psychological-impact-on-caregivers-of-hiv-infected-children-in-udupi-district-karnataka
#12
Md Asadullah, Ramachandra Kamath, Sanjay Pattanshetty, Teddy Andrews, N Sreekumaran Nair
Caregivers of children living with HIV/AIDS (CLWHA) face unique challenges due to disease-related stigma and discrimination, isolation from society, financial constraints, grief and mortality of loved one. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at Udupi ART centre to assess the caregiver burden, psychological distress and their associated factors among the caregivers of CLWHA in Udupi District. The convenience sampling technique was used to collect the data from 171 caregivers and analysed with the help of SPSS version 15...
December 4, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914903/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-and-short-term-psychoanalytical-psychotherapy-versus-a-brief-psychosocial-intervention-in-adolescents-with-unipolar-major-depressive-disorder-impact-a-multicentre-pragmatic-observer-blind-randomised-controlled-superiority-trial
#13
Ian M Goodyer, Shirley Reynolds, Barbara Barrett, Sarah Byford, Bernadka Dubicka, Jonathan Hill, Fiona Holland, Raphael Kelvin, Nick Midgley, Chris Roberts, Rob Senior, Mary Target, Barry Widmer, Paul Wilkinson, Peter Fonagy
BACKGROUND: Psychological treatments for adolescents with unipolar major depressive disorder are associated with diagnostic remission within 28 weeks in 65-70% of patients. We aimed to assess the medium-term effects and costs of psychological therapies on maintenance of reduced depression symptoms 12 months after treatment. METHODS: We did this multicentre, pragmatic, observer-blind, randomised controlled superiority trial (IMPACT) at 15 National Health Service child and adolescent mental health service (CAMHS) clinics in three regions in England...
November 30, 2016: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913921/language-difficulty-at-school-entry-and-the-trajectories-of-hyperactivity-inattention-problems-from-ages-4-to-11-evidence-from-a-population-representative-cohort-study
#14
Shaun Goh Kok Yew, Richard O'Kearney
Latent growth curve modelling was used to contrast the developmental trajectories of hyperactivity-inattention (H-I) problems across childhood for children with a language difficulty at the start of school and those with typical language and to examine if the presence of a language difficulty moderates the associations of child, parent and peer predictors with these trajectories. Unconditional and language-status conditional latent growth curves of H-I problems were estimated for a large nationally representative cohort of children, comprising 1627 boys (280 - language difficulty) and 1609 girls (159 - language difficulty) measured at age 4 to 5, 6 to 7, 8 to 9 and 10 to 11...
December 3, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910175/postanesthesia-evaluation-of-emotional-and-psychological-satisfaction-in-a-hispanic-population
#15
Angela Zauner, Alvaro Pinilla, Daniel Benitez, Alejandra Tellez, David Romero, Ana Suarez, Vanessa López, Eduardo Hermida
BACKGROUND: Patient satisfaction has a positive impact on clinical care. Different strategies, such as questionnaires, have been developed to evaluate and improve patient satisfaction. A validated pediatric anesthesia questionnaire previously showed the importance of perioperative care built upon a relationship of trust between healthcare providers and children and parents, and a comfortable environment in which satisfactory answers are provided. However, the questionnaire was validated in English, and no research exists on the use of satisfaction questionnaires in Spanish...
December 2, 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909423/how-do-you-play-a-comparison-among-children-aged-4-10
#16
Elisa Delvecchio, Jian-Bin Li, Chiara Pazzagli, Adriana Lis, Claudia Mazzeschi
Pretend play has a central role for children's development and psychological well-being. However, there is a paucity of standardized and valid measures specifically devoted to assess the core domains involved in play activities in preschool and primary school children. The Affect in Play Scale-Preschool (4-5 years) and the Affect in Play Scale-Preschool Extended Version (6-10 years) are semi-structured parallel tools designed to explore child's cognitive and affective processes using a standardized play task...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906588/fertility-preservation-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-oncology-patients-the-decision-making-process-of-parents
#17
Nancy Li, Yasmin Jayasinghe, Matthew A Kemertzis, Paddy Moore, Michelle Peate
PURPOSE: Decisions surrounding fertility preservation (FP) in children, adolescents, and adults can be difficult due to the distress of a cancer diagnosis, time constraints for decision-making, and lack of efficacy data. This review examines the decision-making process of oncology patients and their parents (if patients are in the pediatric or adolescent population) to better understand experiences of decisional conflict and regret. METHODS: Two electronic databases, Embase and Pubmed, were searched using the terms (Decision-making OR Conflict (Psychology) OR Decision regret) AND (Freezing OR Oocyte OR Ovarian tissue OR Semen preservation OR Fertility preservation OR Cryopreservation) AND (Neoplasms OR Cancer OR Chemotherapy OR Drug therapy OR Radiotherapy)...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903246/emotional-and-behavioral-problems-in-late-preterm-and-early-term-births-outcomes-at-child-age-36-months
#18
Kim Stene-Larsen, Astri M Lang, Markus A Landolt, Beatrice Latal, Margarete E Vollrath
BACKGROUND: Recent findings has shown that late preterm births (gestational weeks 34-36) and early term births (gestational weeks 37-38) is associated with an increased risk of several psychological and developmental morbidities. In this article we investigate whether late preterm and early term births is associated with an increased risk of emotional and behavioral problems at 36 months of age and whether there are gender differences in risk of these outcomes. METHODS: Forty-three thousand, two hundred ninety-seven children and their mothers participating in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa)...
December 1, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899714/parental-sleep-quality-and-behavior-problems-of-children-with-autism
#19
Iulia Mihaila, Sigan L Hartley
This study explored the impact of parental sleep quality on the experience of behavior problems by children with autism spectrum disorder. A 14-day daily diary was used in a sample of 176 mother-father couples. Dyadic multilevel models were conducted to examine the between-person and within-person effects of previous-night sleep quality on parents' rating of level of behavior problems by the child with autism spectrum disorder and level of positive and negative affect. Results indicated that persistently poor sleep quality was associated with between-person differences in initial rating of level of behavior problems by the child with autism spectrum disorder for mothers...
November 29, 2016: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897316/internalizing-symptoms-and-personality-traits-color-parental-reports-of-child-temperament
#20
D Angus Clark, C Emily Durbin, M Brent Donnellan, Tricia K Neppl
OBJECTIVE: Depressed parents have negatively distorted views of the personalities and behaviors of their children. Our goal was to evaluate how other internalizing symptoms and personality traits relate to perceptions of child temperament using data from mothers and fathers as well as novel statistical method for modeling multi-informant data. METHOD: We applied the trifactor model (Bauer et al., 2013) to data collected from the parents of 273 children (ages 3-5 years)...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Personality
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