Read by QxMD icon Read

Child psychology

N Tehrani
Background: Working with victims and offenders of child abuse can impact on the health and well-being of police officers and staff. Aims: To identify the effects of tenure, work ability, gender and a personal experience of child abuse on symptoms of anxiety, depression and primary and secondary trauma in child abuse investigators (CAIs). Methods: Screening questionnaires were sent to police officers and staff. The officers and staff worked in child protection in seven police forces...
March 13, 2018: Occupational Medicine
Anna Gassman-Pines, Ann T Skinner
This study examined the relation between mothers' and fathers' psychological acculturation and parenting behaviors in two samples of Mexican immigrant families. The middle childhood sample included 47 mothers, 38 fathers and 46 children in families with children age 9 - 12, and the early childhood sample included 185 mothers and 155 fathers in families with children age 2 - 6. In both samples, compared to families in which fathers reported feeling connected only to Latino culture, fathers who reported feeling connected to both Latinos and Americans engaged in fewer aversive and withdrawn interactions and more warm interactions with children...
2018: Journal of Family Issues
Siman Zhao, Xinyin Chen
This 1-year longitudinal study examined maternal involvement in children's leisure activities and its relations with children's adjustment in rural China. Participants included 184 children (93 boys and 91 girls) initially in third grade (mean age = 9.31 years). Children were asked to report the frequencies of mothers' involvement in leisure activities. Information on children's social, school, and psychological adjustment were collected from multiple sources including peer evaluations, teacher ratings, self-reports, and school records...
February 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Kate Guastaferro, Betty S Lai, Katy Miller, Jenelle Shanley Chatham, Daniel J Whitaker, Shannon Self-Brown, Allison Kemner, John R Lutzker
Child maltreatment is a significant public health problem best addressed through evidence-based parent-support programs. There is a wide range of programs with different strengths offering a variety of options for families. Choosing one single evidence-based program often limits the range of services available to meet the unique needs of families. This paper presents findings from a study to examine the systematic braiding of two evidence-based programs, Parents as Teachers and SafeCare at Home (PATSCH), with the goal to provide a more robust intervention for higher risk families...
February 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Melissa H Bellin, Angelica Newsome, Cassie Lewis-Land, Joan Kub, Shawna S Mudd, Rachel Margolis, Arlene M Butz
INTRODUCTION: Low-income caregiver perspectives on asthma management are understudied but may illuminate strategies to improve care delivery and child outcomes. METHOD: Purposive sampling methods were used to recruit 15 caregivers of children with frequent asthma emergency department visits. Interviews explored how poverty and stress affect asthma management. Grounded theory coding techniques were used to analyze the data. RESULTS: Participants were the biological mother (100%) and were poor (75% had mean annual income ≤ $30,000)...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Linda M Richter, Stephen J Lye, Kerrie Proulx
Forced displacement worldwide is at its highest in decades and millions of young children are living in conflict zones, in transitional or enduring refugee contexts, and in demographically diverse marginalized and informal settlements. There is a huge unmet need for delivering early childhood development interventions to ensure the safety and continued development of young children in these vulnerable contexts. In this paper, we discuss nurturing care as an important entry point for multisectoral collaborations to support families and reach young children...
March 2018: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
Johan Bester, Maya Sabatello, Clara D M van Karnebeek, John D Lantos
A 38-year-old woman is diagnosed with Li-Fraumeni syndrome, an autosomal dominant genetic condition that predisposes to a variety of cancers. The woman has an 11-year-old daughter. The geneticist recommends that the child be tested for the Li-Fraumeni genetic variant. The mother is concerned about the impact of testing and diagnosis on Karen's psychological well-being. She describes Karen as "highly strung" and as "a worrier." The child has been diagnosed with an anxiety disorder and is managed by a psychologist for counseling...
March 13, 2018: Pediatrics
R M Pasco Fearon
This special issue presents a series of conceptually interlinked papers on the construct of insightfulness and its role in child development and intervention. In this commentary, I provide some reflections on the nature of insightfulness from the point of view of developmental and clinical psychology. Four themes are highlighted: (1) the potential role of insightfulness in understanding the parenting mediators of attachment transmission, (2) the role of insightfulness in understanding the connections between early experiences and later social outcomes, (3) the dynamic evolution of insightfulness across development, and (4) the different elements of insightfulness and their distinct contributions to caregiving behavior...
March 13, 2018: Attachment & Human Development
Jeong-Ah Ahn, Sunhee Lee
Mothers of children with congenital heart disease (CHD) tend to be concerned about their child's normal life. The majority of these mothers tend to experience negative psychological problems. In this study, the adaptation process of mothers raising a child with complex CHD was investigated based on the sociocultural context of Korea. The data collection was conducted by in-depth interviews and theoretical sampling was performed until the data were saturated. The collected data were analyzed using continuous theoretical comparisons...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
Gal Podjarny, Deepthi Kamawar, Katherine Andrews
Morra, Panesi, Traverso, and Usai's (Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2017, Vol. 167, pp. 246-258) effort to clarify theoretical models and nomenclature confusion surrounding young children's executive functions development is laudable and important. In this article, we address some of the points these authors raised regarding our previous article (Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2017, Vol. 159, pp. 199-218). Although we agree that the Multidimensional Card Selection Task makes working memory demands, it goes beyond working memory to measure concurrent cognitive flexibility in preschoolers...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
Jonas Kneer, Viola Borchardt, Christian Kärgel, Christopher Sinke, Claudia Massau, Gilian Tenbergen, Jorge Ponseti, Henrik Walter, Klaus M Beier, Boris Schiffer, Kolja Schiltz, Martin Walter, Tillmann H C Kruger
BACKGROUND: Child sexual abuse and neglect have been related to an increased risk for the development of a wide range of behavioral, psychological, and sexual problems and increased rates of suicidal behavior. Contrary to the large amount of research focusing on the negative mental health consequences of child sexual abuse, very little is known about the characteristics of child sexual offenders and the neuronal underpinnings contributing to child sexual offending. METHODS AND SAMPLE: This study investigates differences in resting state functional connectivity (rs-FC) between non-pedophilic child sexual offenders (N = 20; CSO-P) and matched healthy controls (N = 20; HC) using a seed-based approach...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Marco Tosi, Emily Grundy
OBJECTIVE: We investigate the association between parent-child contact frequency and changes in older parents' depressive symptoms in Bulgaria, Georgia and Russia. These are countries in which societal transformations may mean that psychological feelings of security engendered by having children in close contact may have particularly important implications for the mental health of older parents. METHODS: We analysed data from two waves of the Generation and Gender Surveys conducted three years apart and took account of relationships with more than one child...
March 12, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
Michael F Lorber, Shu Xu, Richard E Heyman, Amy M Smith Slep, Theodore P Beauchaine
OBJECTIVES: We sought to identify subgroups of individuals based on patterns of psychological health problems (PH; e.g., depressive symptoms, hazardous drinking) and family maltreatment (FM; e.g., child and partner abuse). METHOD: We analyzed data from very large surveys of United States Air Force active duty members with romantic partners and children. RESULTS: Latent class analyses indicated six replicable patterns of PH problems and FM...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
Suzanne Jolley, Elizabeth Kuipers, Catherine Stewart, Sophie Browning, Karen Bracegirdle, Nedah Basit, Kimberley Gin, Colette Hirsch, Richard Corrigall, Partha Banerjea, Grainne Turley, Daniel Stahl, Kristin R Laurens
OBJECTIVES: Health care guidelines recommend psychological interventions for childhood unusual experiences that are associated with distress or adverse functional impact (UEDs), based on adult, rather than child-specific, evidence. We report the first randomized controlled evaluation of the acceptability and potential clinical utility of cognitive behavioural therapy for childhood UEDs (CBT-UED). DESIGN: Pilot randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Participants aged 8-14 years were recruited from referrals to community services for children with emotional/behavioural problems and screened for self-reported UEDs...
March 12, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Leontien de Kwaadsteniet, York Hagmayer
Evidence-based psychotherapy requires clinicians to consider theories of psychopathology and evidence about effectiveness, and their experience when choosing interventions. Research on clinical decision making indicates that clinicians' theories of disorders might be personal and inform judgments and choices beyond current scientific theory and evidence. We asked 20 child therapists to draw models of how they believed that biological, psychological, environmental, and behavioral factors interact to cause and maintain four common developmental disorders...
March 2018: Clinical Psychological Science
Richa Sharma, Gita Radhakrishnan, M S Bhatia, Rashmi Gupta, Anita Mehdiratta
Psychological assessment using the Beck Depression Inventory II (BDI) on 196 eligible Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) seekers showed that the depression rate prior to MTP was 12 (6.1%) and had increased to 21 (10.7%) 1 month after MTP. Risk factors included primipara, second-trimester abortion, MTP on humanitarian grounds (rape), foetal congenital anomalies and maternal illness. Psychological morbidity due to abortion greatly interferes with the interpersonal, spousal and mother-child relationships. This demands the need of counselling centres so that each MTP seeker could be counselled prior to and after MTP...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Martin Picard, Aric A Prather, Eli Puterman, Alexanne Cuillerier, Michael Coccia, Kirstin Aschbacher, Yan Burelle, Elissa S Epel
BACKGROUND: Chronic life stress, such as the stress of caregiving, can promote pathophysiology, but the underlying cellular mechanisms are not well understood. Chronic stress may induce recalibrations in mitochondria leading to changes either in mitochondrial content per cell, or in mitochondrial functional capacity (i.e., quality). METHODS: Here we present a functional index of mitochondrial health (MHI) for human leukocytes that can distinguish between these two possibilities...
February 3, 2018: Biological Psychiatry
Megan Rose Stafford, Mick Cooper, Michael Barkham, Jeni Beecham, Peter Bower, Karen Cromarty, Andrew J B Fugard, Charlie Jackson, Peter Pearce, Rebekah Ryder, Cathy Street
BACKGROUND: One in ten children in Britain have been identified as experiencing a diagnosable mental health disorder. School-based humanistic counselling (SBHC) may help young people identify, address, and overcome psychological distress. Data from four pilot trials suggest that SBHC may be clinically effective. However, a fully powered randomised controlled trial (RCT) is needed to provide a robust test of its effectiveness, to assess its cost-effectiveness, and to determine the process of change...
March 9, 2018: Trials
Peter Fromberger, Kirsten Jordan, Jürgen L Müller
Despite the successful application of virtual reality (VR) in a wide variety of mental disorders and the obvious potentials that VR provides, the use of VR in the context of criminology and forensic psychology is sparse. For forensic mental health professionals, VR provides some advantages that outrun general advantages of VR, e.g., ecological validity and controllability of social situations. Most important seems to be the unique possibility to expose offenders and to train coping skills in virtual situations, which are able to elicit disorder-relevant behavior-without endangering others...
March 9, 2018: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
Katherine Bain, Carla Durbach
Much research details the psychological risks to individuals exposed as children to intimate partner violence (IPV). However, resilience has been a neglected area of study within this population. This article details adaptive responses in six participants exposed to IPV in childhood. Adult attachment interviews (AAI) and follow-up semi-structured interviews analyzed using an interpretive thematic analysis revealed common themes relating to psychological defenses and adaptive strategies. Despite exposure to IPV in childhood, these six women were found to have secure attachment states of mind...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"