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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722644/children-diagnosed-with-auditory-processing-disorder-and-their-parents-a-qualitative-study-about-perceptions-of-living-with-apd
#1
Sarah Lawton, Suzanne C Purdy, Rose Thomas Kalathottukaren
BACKGROUND: Negative psychosocial consequences have been reported for children with auditory processing disorder (APD). The current literature surrounding APD does not sufficiently address the emotional and psychological consequences of living with the disorder. It is recommended that data be collected from multiple sources, including the child living with APD. Subjective reports of the perceptions of children with APD and their families have real-life validity and can inform clinical decisions and guide future research...
July 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722481/clinical-management-of-pediatric-acute-onset-neuropsychiatric-syndrome-part-i-psychiatric-and-behavioral-interventions
#2
Margo Thienemann, Tanya Murphy, James Leckman, Richard Shaw, Kyle Williams, Cynthia Kapphahn, Jennifer Frankovich, Daniel Geller, Gail Bernstein, Kiki Chang, Josephine Elia, Susan Swedo
OBJECTIVE: This article outlines the consensus guidelines for symptomatic treatment for children with Pediatric Acute-Onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome (PANS) and Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Syndrome Associated with Streptococcal Infection (PANDAS). METHODS: Extant literature on behavioral, psychotherapeutic, and psychopharmacologic treatments for PANS and PANDAS was reviewed. Members of the PANS Research Consortium pooled their clinical experiences to find agreement on treatment of PANS and PANDAS symptoms...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721603/the-disadapted-animal-niko-tinbergen-on-human-nature-and-the-human-predicament
#3
Marga Vicedo
This paper explores ethologist Niko Tinbergen's path from animal to human studies in the 1960s and 1970s and his views about human nature. It argues, first, that the confluence of several factors explains why Tinbergen decided to cross the animal/human divide in the mid 1960s: his concern about what he called "the human predicament," his relations with British child psychiatrist John Bowlby, the success of ethological explanations of human behavior, and his professional and personal situation. It also argues that Tinbergen transferred his general adaptationist view of animal behavior to the realm of human biology; here, his concern about disadaptation led him to a view of human behavior that was strongly determined by the species' evolutionary past, a position that I call evolutionary determinism...
July 18, 2017: Journal of the History of Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720027/long-term-alteration-of-the-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis-in-children-undergoing-cardiac-surgery-in-the-first-6-months-of-life
#4
Monica McGauran, Brigid Jordan, Roseriet Beijers, Irma Janssen, Candice Franich-Ray, Carolina de Weerth, Michael Cheung
Children with congenital heart disease (CHD) have poorer neurodevelopmental and psychological outcomes. The mechanisms underlying this remain unclear. One mechanism could be that the stressful experience of cardiac surgery early in life influences long-term hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis regulation. Dysregulation of the HPA axis has been linked to poorer neurocognitive and psychological outcomes in other study populations. This case-control study aims to compare HPA-axis regulation (circadian rhythm and reactivity) using salivary cortisol in 3- to 5-year-olds with CHD who did and did not have cardiac surgery prior to 6 months of age...
July 18, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719920/-parenting-concerns-and-psychological-burden-in-cancer-patients-with-minor-and-young-adult-children
#5
Laura Inhestern, Johanna Christine Bultmann, Volker Beierlein, Birgit Möller, Georg Romer, Uwe Koch, Corinna Bergelt
Background Aim of the study was to analyze parenting concerns in cancer survivors and to identify covariats for parenting concerns. Method In a cross-sectional epidemiological sample of cancer survivors with minor children (n=1416) demographic and disease-related variables and psychological distress (HADS) were assessed. Parenting concerns were assessed using the Parenting Concerns Questionnaire (PCQ). The instrument covers the 3 subscales concerns about the 'practical impact' of the disease on the children, about the 'emotional impact' and concerns about the 'co-parent'...
July 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719918/-the-wish-for-a-child-in-the-case-of-permanent-infertility-development-of-the-german-questionnaire-on-attitudes-toward-motherhood
#6
Maike Fliegner, Hertha Richter-Appelt, Kerstin Krupp, Franziska Brunner
Study 1 Development of the questionnaire Most questionnaires on attitudes toward motherhood presume that the subject is fertile and positive and negative attitudes are represented on a one-dimensional scale. Moreover, the questionnaires often do not provide German versions and German norms. The aim of this study is to examine whether the German Questionnaire on Attitudes toward Motherhood ("FEMu") can be used to describe attitudes toward motherhood multi-dimensionally and whether it is applicable independent of a person's fertility status...
July 18, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719564/the-new-apgar-score-a-checklist-to-enhance-quality-of-life-in-geriatric-patients-with-hip-fracture
#7
Joseph Bernstein, Sara Weintraub, Eric Hume, Mark D Neuman, Stephen L Kates, Jaimo Ahn
For geriatric patients with hip fractures, the broken bone is the reason for admission, but only part of the overall disease. Indeed, it may be more helpful to consider the patient having geriatric hip fracture syndrome or sustaining a hip attack, as there are many associated medical, social, psychological, and other problems to which attention must be paid. To that end, we have identified a series of 10 steps, collected into a checklist, that can be undertaken for all patients with geriatric hip fracture. In homage to the maxim "we come into the world under the brim of the pelvis and go out through the neck of the femur," we defined our checklist by the acronym APGAR SCORE, named after the classic checklist of the same name used to assess a newborn child...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718969/child-and-family-related-predictors-of-psychological-outcomes-in-children-adopted-from-abroad-what-is-the-role-of-caregiver-time
#8
Niina Rita, Marko Elovainio, Hanna Raaska, Pekka Lahti-Nuuttila, Jaakko Matomäki, Jari Sinkkonen, Helena Lapinleimu
International adoptees need to cope with stressful transitions and to develop secure attachment with their caregivers at the same time. Although most children adopted from abroad adjust fine, they are at increased risk of psychological problems. We investigated whether both child and family-related factors are associated with later psychological problems and whether the length of time spent at home after adoption before daycare moderates these associations among internationally adopted children in Finland (FinAdo, Finnish Adoption Study)...
August 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718910/permanent-housing-for-child-welfare-involved-families-impact-on-child-maltreatment-overview
#9
Patrick J Fowler, Michael Schoeny
A longitudinal randomized controlled trial tested whether access to permanent housing reduces child maltreatment among inadequately housed families under investigation for child abuse and neglect. The study followed homeless and child welfare-involved families randomly assigned to receive a referral for housing subsidies plus housing case management (n = 75, 196 children) or housing case management alone (n = 75, 186 children). Latent growth models examined change in caregiver-reported frequencies of psychological aggression, physical abuse, and neglect toward children at five time points across 2...
July 18, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718871/-brief-instruments-in-german-for-the-assessment-of-disordered-eating
#10
Felicitas Richter, Bernhard Strauß, Uwe Berger
The development of brief instruments is an important area in the clinical and psychological assessment in the past years. Brief instruments reveal many advantages due to their efficiency and shortness for the users. However, the psychometric standards of development and validation were often neglected during the construction of short forms. The current overview presents 6 brief instruments for the assessment of disordered eating and eating disorders in German: Eating Attitudes Test 8 (EAT-8), Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire 8 (EDE-Q8) and the child version (ChEDE-Q8), ICD-10-Symptom-Rating subscale eating disorders (ISR-E), SCOFF questionnaire, and Short Evaluation of Eating Disorders (SEED)...
June 29, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718221/multidimensional-assessment-of-quality-of-life-of-children-and-problems-of-parents-in-indian-society-after-pediatric-renal-transplant-beyond-the-conventional-thoughts
#11
Priyank Yadav, Sandeep Nunia, Ankur Bansal, Sanjoy K Sureka, Rahul Jena, Mohd Sualeh Ansari, Aneesh Srivastava
This study evaluated multidimensional QoL after renal transplant to find the physical, psychosocial, and economic issues after pediatric transplant. Sixty-two patients under the age of 18 at the time of assessment were asked to complete WHOQOL questionnaires. Assessment of behavioral, emotional status of child, problems of parents, and SEC of family were also performed. The beneficial effect of transplantation was observed across all domains of QoL (physical, psychological, social, environmental, and overall QoL)...
July 17, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717883/first-postpubertal-male-same-sex-sexual-experience-in-the-national-health-and-social-life-survey-current-functioning-in-relation-to-age-at-time-of-experience-and-partner-age
#12
Bruce Rind
This study used an important data set to examine long-term adjustment and functioning in men, who as adolescents had sexual experiences with men. The data came from the National Health and Social Life Survey, which used a national probability sample (Laumann, Gagnon, Michael, & Michaels, 1994). Three perspectives were considered, which offered different predictions. From the "child sexual abuse" (CSA) paradigm, which dominates clinical, legal, and lay views, expected was robust evidence for poorer adjustment, given that intense harm is assumed to be intrinsic...
July 17, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717365/behavioural-problems-in-children-with-46xy-disorders-of-sex-development
#13
Nalini M Selveindran, Syed Zulkifli Syed Zakaria, Muhammad Yazid Jalaludin, Rahmah Rasat
The aim of this study is to determine the behavioural problems of children with 46XY disorders of sex development (DSD) with genital ambiguity and to identify the risk factors that may influence behaviour. The 27 participants (aged 6-18 years) consisted of 21 patients raised as boys and 6 patients raised as girls. Control data were obtained from a representative sibling of each patient who was matched for age and gender. The study tool used was the Child Behaviour Checklist (CBCL), which is a parent-administered questionnaire...
2017: International Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716513/update-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-pain-within-pediatric-patients
#14
Jeffrey Rabin, Mackenzie Brown, Sean Alexander
Pediatric chronic pain is a challenging entity to evaluate and treat as it encompasses a wide variety of presentations often with overlapping psychosocial implications. Chronic pain may have significant effects upon a child's involvement in academic, athletic, and social participation. If unrecognized, it may have deleterious effects upon family interactions and stability. The treatment of pediatric chronic pain is focused on not only providing analgesia, but also on assisting the child and family with reintegrating into a more functional lifestyle...
July 14, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716072/effect-of-prenatal-exposure-to-maternal-cortisol-and-psychological-distress-on-infant-development-in-bengaluru-southern-india-a-prospective-cohort-study
#15
Anita Nath, Gudlavalleti Venkata Satyanarayana Murthy, Giridhara R Babu, Gian Carlo Di Renzo
BACKGROUND: The mental health status of a pregnant woman and its consequent impact on foetal well being is not given much importance compared to the risk imposed by obstetric complications and medical conditions. Maternal psychological distress is a major public health problem and needs timely detection and intervention to prevent any adverse pregnancy outcome. There is ample evidence from literature that justifies the association of prenatal maternal mental stress and elevated cortisol with delayed infant motor and cognitive development; evidence from India being rather limited...
July 17, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715786/background-lead-and-mercury-exposures-psychological-and-behavioral-problems-in-children
#16
Brooks B Gump, Matthew J Dykas, James A MacKenzie, Amy K Dumas, Bryce Hruska, Craig K Ewart, Patrick J Parsons, Christopher D Palmer, Kestutis Bendinskas
BACKGROUND: The potential harm from exposure to nonessential metals, particularly mercury (Hg) and lead (Pb), has been the focus of research for years. Initial interest focused on relatively high exposures; however, recent evidence suggests that even background exposures might have adverse consequences for child development. Identifying the extent of these consequences is now a priority. METHODS: We assessed blood Pb and Hg levels in a biracial sample of 9-11 year-old children (N = 203)...
July 14, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715061/physical-activity-assessment-during-gestation-and-its-outcomes-a-review
#17
Wanda Forczek, Marta Curyło, Barbara Forczek
Background: Physical activity recommendations emphasize a positive influence of exercise on health. It is particularly recognized during pregnancy for both the mother and fetus. Aim: This review aims to identify the main trends of activity undertaken by women during gestation and to find out how it affects the expecting mother and her child. Methods: Review of the literature comprising the following databases: PubMed, Academic Search Complete, Health Source-Consumer Edition, Health Source: Nursing/Academic Edition, EMBASE (2000 to May 2013), used detailed search strategies...
July 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714704/planes-of-phenomenological-experience-the-psychology-of-deafness-as-an-early-example-of-american-gestalt-psychology-1928-1940
#18
Marion A Schmidt
When, in 1928, the Clarke School for the Deaf in Northampton, Massachusetts, opened a psychological research division, it was nothing unusual in a time fascinated with the sciences of education. Yet with its longstanding ties to Northampton's Smith College, the school was able to secure the collaboration of eminent Gestalt psychologist Kurt Koffka, who, in turn, engaged 2 more German-speaking emigrants, Margarete Eberhardt and social psychologist Fritz Heider, and Heider's American wife Grace Moore Heider. This collaboration has seen little attention from historians, who have treated Koffka's and Heider's time in Northampton as a transitory phase...
July 17, 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714330/-the-role-of-environmental-factors-in-managing-labour-stress
#19
Melinda Rados, Judit Mészáros
INTRODUCTION: Emotional, cognitive and behavioural aspects of birth and labour stress are strongly associated with the underlying physiological processes. AIM: To study the factors of physical security and social support, the administration of synthetic oxytocin, and how they relate to perceived stress during childbirth. METHOD: Women's experienced physical security, social support and oxytocin administration was measured with targeted questions, and their perceived stress with the short and modified version of the Perceived Stress Scale...
July 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714115/editorial-let-s-talk-about-sex-the-gender-binary-revisited
#20
EDITORIAL
Albertine J Oldehinkel
Sex refers to biological differences and gender to socioculturally delineated masculine and feminine roles. Sex or gender are included as a covariate or effect modifier in the majority of child psychology and psychiatry studies, and differences found between boys and girls have inspired many researchers to postulate underlying mechanisms. Empirical tests of whether including these proposed explanatory variables actually reduces the variance explained by gender are lagging behind somewhat. That is a pity, because a lot can be gained from a greater focus on the active agents of specific gender differences...
August 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
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