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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818837/parent-coping-support-interventions-during-acute-pediatric-hospitalizations-a-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Stephanie K Doupnik, Douglas Hill, Deepak Palakshappa, Diana Worsley, Hanah Bae, Aleesha Shaik, Maylene Kefeng Qiu, Meghan Marsac, Chris Feudtner
CONTEXT: Parents may experience psychological distress when a child is acutely hospitalized, which can negatively affect child outcomes. Interventions designed to support parents' coping have the potential to mitigate this distress. OBJECTIVE: To describe interventions designed to provide coping support to parents of hospitalized children and conduct a meta-analysis of coping support intervention outcomes (parent anxiety, depression, and stress). DATA SOURCES: We searched Pubmed, Embase, PsycINFO, Psychiatry Online, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature from 1985 to 2016 for English-language articles including the concepts "pediatric," "hospitalization," "parents," and "coping support intervention...
August 17, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816490/evaluation-of-the-effects-of-receiving-trauma-informed-practices-on-domestic-violence-shelter-residents
#2
Cris M Sullivan, Lisa A Goodman, Tyler Virden, Jennifer Strom, Rachel Ramirez
Domestic violence is a potentially traumatizing experience that has devastating psychological and physical consequences. In response, domestic violence shelter programs have focused increasing attention on helping adult and child survivors understand and heal from this trauma. What have come to be called trauma-informed practices include (a) reflecting an understanding of trauma and its many effects on health and behavior, (b) addressing both physical and psychological safety concerns, (c) using a culturally informed strengths-based approach, (d) helping to illuminate the nature and effects of abuse on survivors' everyday experience; and (e) providing opportunities for clients to regain control over their lives...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816058/tscc-and-tscyc-screening-forms-in-a-clinical-sample-reliability-validity-and-creating-local-clinical-norms
#3
Jeffrey N Wherry, Catherine E Dunlop
Clinical norms were developed for two screening tools recently developed by Briere and published by Psychological Assessment Resources. The screening measures were derived from the most predictive items of the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children (TSCC) and the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Young Children (TSCYC). Both screening measures (TSCC-Screening Form and TSCYC-Screening Form) have a total of 20 items measuring general trauma (12 items) and sexual concerns (8 items). Briere and Wherry report on the reliability and validity of the instrument when used with a normative group of children who are not identified as abused...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815654/early-predictors-of-psychosocial-functioning-5-years-after-paediatric-stroke
#4
Mardee Greenham, Vicki Anderson, Anna Cooper, Stephen Hearps, Michael Ditchfield, Lee Coleman, Rod W Hunt, Mark T Mackay, Paul Monagle, Anne L Gordon
AIM: Little is known about psychological and social outcomes after paediatric stroke. This study aimed to evaluate psychosocial outcomes in children 5 years after paediatric stroke and explore the contribution of early presenting factors. METHOD: Thirty-one children (19 males and 12 females) with arterial ischemic stroke were involved in this prospective, longitudinal study. Children underwent intellectual assessment at 12 months poststroke and parents completed questionnaires rating their own mental health and their child's functioning at 12 months and 5 years poststroke...
August 17, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813274/parenting-in-new-family-forms
#5
REVIEW
Susan Golombok
This paper reviews research on parenting and child development in new family forms including families created by assisted reproductive technologies, same-sex parent families, and families headed by single mothers by choice. The research is examined in the context of the issues and concerns that have been raised regarding these families. The findings not only contest popular assumptions about the psychological consequences for children of being raised in new family forms but also challenge the supremacy of the traditional family...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813270/depression-and-parenting-the-need-for-improved-intervention-models
#6
REVIEW
Megan Galbally, Andrew J Lewis
The impact of maternal depression on parenting is well established and there is a clear interaction between maternal depression and parenting that is predictive of child outcomes. The research on paternal depression is more limited but suggests the father's mental health may be an independent risk factor for both parenting and child outcomes. There is insufficient evidence that treatment of depression alone - be it through pharmacological or psychological interventions - is able to substantially reduce the impact of depression on child outcomes...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813249/neuroendocrine-mechanisms-for-parental-sensitivity-overview-recent-advances-and-future-directions
#7
REVIEW
James E Swain, Shao-Hsuan Shaun Ho
Early parent-infant relationships play important roles in infants' development. New parents adapt to the developing relationship with their infants to coordinate parenting behaviors in the milieu of infant needs, hormones, moods, and stress. This review highlights research from the past two years, using non-invasive brain-imaging techniques and naturalistic tasks in mothers and fathers in relation to psychological, and endocrine measures. Recent work also connects parental brain physiology with parental sensitive behavior, parent/child outcomes and parent psychotherapy...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812985/interventions-to-support-integrated-psychological-care-and-holistic-health-outcomes-in-paediatrics
#8
REVIEW
Roz Shafran, Sophie D Bennett, Mhairi McKenzie Smith
There are strong calls from many national and international bodies for there to be a 'holistic' and integrated approach to the understanding and management of psychological and physical health needs. Such holistic approaches are characterized by the treatment of the whole person, taking into account mental and social factors, rather than just the symptoms of a disease. Holistic approaches can impact on mental and physical health and are cost-effective. Several psychological interventions have demonstrated efficacy in improving holistic health outcomes, for example Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, Behavioural Therapies and Problem Solving Therapies...
August 16, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810423/psychological-factors-addressed-in-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-paediatric-functional-abdominal-pain-which-are-most-important-to-target
#9
Shelley Mc van der Veek, Else de Haan, Hhf Derkx, Marc A Benninga, Frits Boer
The effectiveness of cognitive behaviour therapy for paediatric functional abdominal pain leaves room for improvement. We studied which factors addressed in cognitive behaviour therapy relate most strongly to the physical and psychological functioning of children with functional abdominal pain and are thus most important to target. Questionnaires were filled out by 117 children with functional abdominal pain and their parents. Multiple regression analyses showed that children's passive coping and parental and children's positive cognitions relate to child functioning...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806842/clowns-in-paediatric-surgery-less-anxiety-and-more-oxytocin-a-pilot-study
#10
Tabea Scheel, Dorothea Hoeppner, Anne Grotevendt, Winfried Barthlen
Background Hospital stays and medical interventions are accompanied by worries and anxiety in children and parents. Recent studies show that hospital clowns may reduce anxiety and enhance well-being. However, so far studies are based solely on subjective measures and clowns are usually not integrated in medical routine. With this pilot study, we aim to provide both psychological and physiological evidence of positive effects of clowns' interventions in hospitalized children. Patients/Method In a consecutive randomized intervention-control group design with 31 children aged 4 to 13 years, 17 patients were accompanied by a clown prior to surgery or during ward round (intervention group) and 14 were not (control group)...
August 14, 2017: Klinische Pädiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805438/situational-and-structural-variation-in-youth-perceptions-of-maternal-guilt-induction
#11
Wendy M Rote, Judith G Smetana
Parental induction of empathy-related guilt plays an important role in children's moral development. However, guilt induction can also be psychologically controlling and detrimental for youth adjustment. This study provided a more nuanced view of parental guilt induction by examining how the nature of a child's misdeed and the structure and content of the parental guilt inductive statement impact children's perceptions of it. Using hypothetical vignettes, this study experimentally examined the impact of the type (domain) of child behavior, highlighted victim, and focus of parental criticism on 156 children's and early and middle adolescents' (age: Ms = 8...
August 14, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803420/psychosocial-needs-and-facilitators-of-mothers-caring-for-children-with-duchenne-becker-muscular-dystrophy
#12
Holly L Peay, Bettina Meiser, Kathleen Kinnett, Aad Tibben
Care guidelines for Duchenne/Becker muscular dystrophy (DBMD) include recommendations for assessment of caregivers of patients with DBMD followed by proactive psychosocial interventions. To inform clinical assessment, this study described appraisals of psychosocial needs and caregiving facilitators of mothers of individuals with DBMD. Two hundred and five mothers completed an online survey. More than 50% endorsed unmet needs for managing uncertainty about the future and managing DBMD fears. Higher levels of unmet need were associated with less disease progression/earlier stage of DBMD (rho = -0...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799415/evaluation-of-the-revised-sense-of-coherence-scale-in-a-sample-of-older-adults-a-means-to-assess-resilience-aspects
#13
Shauna L Mc Gee, Jan Höltge, Andreas Maercker, Myriam V Thoma
OBJECTIVES: The present study evaluated the revised Sense of Coherence (SOC-R) scale in a sample of older adults, using an extended range of psychological concepts. It further examined the psychometric properties of the revised scale and tested the theoretical assumptions underpinning the SOC-R concept. METHOD: The SOC-R scale was evaluated in 268 Swiss older adults (mean age = 66.9 years), including n = 15 heavily traumatized former indentured child labourers. Standardised questionnaires collected information on positive and negative life experiences, resources, current health, and well-being...
August 11, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794060/assessment-of-health-related-quality-of-life-and-psychological-well-being-of-children-and-adolescents-with-obesity-enrolled-in-a-new-zealand-community-based-intervention-programme-an-observational-study
#14
Yvonne C Anderson, Lisa E Wynter, Katharine F Treves, Cameron C Grant, Joanna M Stewart, Tami L Cave, Trecia A Wouldes, José G B Derraik, Wayne S Cutfield, Paul L Hofman
OBJECTIVE: To describe health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and psychological well-being of children and adolescents at enrolment in a multidisciplinary community-based obesity programme and to determine association with ethnicity. This programme targeted indigenous people and those from most deprived households. Further, this cohort was compared with other populations/normative data. METHODS: This study examines baseline demographic data of an unblinded randomised controlled clinical trial...
August 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792561/-childhood-maltreatment-and-mental-health-problems-in-adulthood-a-national-study-of-women-in-quebec
#15
Geneviève Paquette, Marc Tourigny, Karine Baril, Jacques Joly, Monique Séguin
Objective The study aims to estimate the specific contribution of various forms of child maltreatment on the mental health among a Quebeckers' women representative sample. Method A telephone survey was conducted with a representative sample of 1001 women from the province of Quebec (Canada). Different demographic variables, all four child maltreatment forms (sexual, physical, psychological and neglect) and intimate partner violence experienced in the last 12 months were evaluated to explore their links with depression and post-traumatic stress symptoms of the participants at the time of the investigation...
2017: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782300/associations-between-social-support-psychological-well-being-decision-making-empowerment-infant-and-young-child-feeding-and-nutritional-status-in-ugandan-children-ages-0-to-24%C3%A2-months
#16
Scott B Ickes, Michael Wu, Maia P Mandel, Alison C Roberts
Maternal capabilities-qualities of mothers that enable them to leverage skills and resources into child health-hold potential influence over mother's adoption of child caring practices, including infant and young child feeding. We developed a survey (n = 195) that assessed the associations of 4 dimensions of maternal capabilities (social support, psychological health, decision making, and empowerment) with mothers' infant and young child feeding practices and children's nutritional status in Uganda. Maternal responses were converted to categorical subscales and an overall index...
August 7, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777771/longitudinal-change-in-parent-and-child-functioning-after-internet-delivered-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-chronic-pain
#17
Emily F Law, Emma Fisher, Waylon J Howard, Rona Levy, Lee Ritterband, Tonya M Palermo
Theoretical models of pediatric chronic pain propose longitudinal associations between children's pain experiences and parent and family factors. A large body of cross-sectional research supports these models, demonstrating that greater parent distress and maladaptive parenting behaviors are associated with greater child disability. Family-based cognitive-behavioral therapy interventions have been developed for youth with chronic pain which aim to improve child disability and reduce maladaptive parenting behaviors...
July 3, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777106/treatment-of-eating-disorders-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry
#18
Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recent research on the multimodal treatment of eating disorders in child and adolescent psychiatry has yielded a significant increase in randomized controlled trials and systematic reviews. This review aims to present relevant findings published during the last 2 years related to medical and psychological treatment of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID). RECENT FINDINGS: For anorexia nervosa, recent reports described the efficacy of different treatment settings, lengths of hospital stay and high vs...
August 1, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776780/the-construct-of-maternal-positivity-in-mothers-of-children-with-intellectual-disability
#19
M Jess, R P Hastings, V Totsika
BACKGROUND: Despite the elevated levels of stress, anxiety and depression reported by mothers of children with intellectual disabilities (ID), these mothers also experience positive well-being and describe positive perceptions of their child. To date, maternal positivity has been operationalised in different ways by using a variety of measures. In the present study, we tested whether a latent construct of maternal positivity could be derived from different measures of positivity. METHOD: One hundred and thirty-five mothers of 89 boys and 46 girls with ID between 3 and 18 years of age completed measures on parental self-efficacy, their satisfaction with life, family satisfaction, their positive affect and their positive perceptions of their child with ID...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776749/psychosocial-functioning-self-image-and-quality-of-life-in-children-and-adolescents-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#20
S Cipolletta, G Spina, A Spoto
BACKGROUND: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a genetic disorder associated with neurocutaneus manifestations, as well as attention and learning problems. The aim of this study was to examine the psychosocial functioning, quality of life, and self-image of children with NF1. METHOD: Two hundred forty participants were recruited, comprising 60 children and adolescents with NF1, 60 parents of children with NF1, 60 children and adolescents without NF1, and 60 parents of children without NF1...
August 3, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
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