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Woo-Keun Seo, Chang-Woon Choi, Chi Kyung Kim, Kyungmi Oh
The purpose of this study was to validate the feasibility of contrast-enhanced transcranial Doppler sonography (CE-TCCD) in the diagnosis of Moyamoya disease (MMD). CE-TCCD data on patients with MMD were analyzed. The CE-TCCD data were classified qualitatively into four patterns by two independent investigators: normal vascular color Doppler signal (pattern 1), augmented color Doppler signal with identifiable vascular structure (pattern 2), confluent color Doppler signal filling more than two-thirds of the display frame without identifiable vascular structure (pattern 3) and confluent color Doppler signal filling full display (pattern 4)...
March 15, 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Fuat Arikan, Marta Rubiera, Joaquín Serena, Ana Rodríguez-Hernández, Darío Gándara, Carles Lorenzo-Bosquet, Alejandro Tomasello, Ivette Chocrón, Maximiliano Quintana-Corvalan, Juan Sahuquillo
INTRODUCTION: Cerebral revascularization techniques are an indispensable tool in the current armamentarium of vascular neurosurgeons. We present revascularization surgery experience and results in both moyamoya disease and occlusive cerebral ischaemia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with ischaemic occlusive disease and moyamoya disease who underwent microsurgical revascularization between October 2014 and September 2017 were analysed. RESULTS: In the study period, 23 patients with occlusive ischaemic disease underwent microsurgical revascularization...
March 14, 2018: Neurocirugía
Jinbing Zhao, Hongyi Liu, Yuanjie Zou, Wenbin Zhang, Shengxue He
The present retrospective study was performed to evaluate the clinical outcome, as well as post-operative collateral formation and revascularization patterns in combined bypass. Surgical revascularization has been the mainstay of treatment for moyamoya patients. A total of 76 hemispheres from 64 moyamoya patients undergoing combined superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery (STA-MCA) anastomosis and encephalo-duro-myo-synangiosis (EDMS) were retrospectively reviewed. Computed tomography perfusion and DSA were routinely performed...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Ken Kazumata, Haruto Uchino, Kikutaro Tokairin, Masaki Ito, Tohru Shiga, Toshiya Osanai, Masahito Kawabori
BACKGROUND: Cerebral hyperperfusion complicates the postoperative course of patients with moyamoya disease (MMD) following direct revascularization surgery. There is no clear distinction between cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome and benign postoperative increase in regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF). OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to determine clinically relevant changes in rCBF, anatomical correlations, and factors associated with transient neurological symptoms following revascularization surgery in MMD...
March 9, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Shuangxiang Xu, Jianjian Zhang, Sheng Wang, Zhengwei Li, Zhongwei Xiong, Xiaolin Wu, Can Xin, Hao Wang, Yu Wang, Jincao Chen
BACKGROUND: It is still controversial whether surgery should be performed on patients suffering from acute onset of moyamoya disease (MMD). The present study aims at determining an optimum operative time for the patients with MMD. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 57 patients with MMD admitted between January 2016 and June 2017. All of them consented to combined revascularization. Considering the time interval between acute onset and surgery, we accordingly divided all patients into the early group and the later group if the latter exceeded 90 days...
March 9, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Jennifer M Watchmaker, Blaise deB Frederick, Matthew R Fusco, Larry T Davis, Meher R Juttukonda, Sarah K Lants, Howard S Kirshner, Manus J Donahue
BACKGROUND: Surgical revascularization is often performed in patients with moyamoya, however routine tools for efficacy evaluation are underdeveloped. The gold standard is digital subtraction angiography (DSA); however, DSA requires ionizing radiation and procedural risk, and therefore is suboptimal for routine surveillance of parenchymal health. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether parenchymal vascular compliance measures, obtained noninvasively using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), provide surrogates to revascularization success by comparing measures with DSA before and after surgical revascularization...
March 8, 2018: Neurosurgery
Rimal H Dossani, Hai Sun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
D Hervé, M Kossorotoff, D Bresson, T Blauwblomme, M Carneiro, E Touze, F Proust, I Desguerre, S Alamowitch, J-P Bleton, A Borsali, E Brissaud, F Brunelle, L Calviere, M Chevignard, G Geffroy-Greco, S Faesch, M-O Habert, H De Larocque, P Meyer, S Reyes, L Thines, E Tournier-Lasserve, H Chabriat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 5, 2018: Revue Neurologique
R Espert, M Gadea, M Alino, J Oltra-Cucarella, C Perpina
INTRODUCTION: Moyamoya disease (MMD) is an occlusive cerebrovascular disease characterized by progressive stenosis or occlusion in the terminal portion of the bilateral internal carotid arteries, affecting both children and adults. AIM: To conduct a review and update on MMD from a clinical, neuroradiological, neuropsychological and genetic perspective. DEVELOPMENT: In this pathology, which occurs with ischemia or cerebral hemorrhage, an unusual compensatory vascular network (moyamoya vessels) develops at the base of the brain in the form of collateral channels...
March 1, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
Gyang Markus Bot, Sirin Gandhi, Halima Tabani, Jan-Karl Burkhardt, Arnau Benet, Michael T Lawton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 3, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
Jing Yu, Ning Xu, Ying Zhao, Jinlu Yu
The anterior choroidal artery (AChA) is a critical artery in brain physiology and function. The AChA is involved in many diseases, including aneurysm, brain infarct, Moyamoya disease (MMD), brain tumor, arteriovenous malformation (AVM), etc. The AChA is vulnerable to damage during the treatment of these diseases and is thus a very important vessel. However, a comprehensive systematic review of the importance of the AChA is currently lacking. In this study, we used the PUBMED database to perform a literature review of the AChA to increase our understanding of its role in neurophysiology...
2018: International Journal of Medical Sciences
Takeshi Funaki, Jun C Takahashi, Kiyohiro Houkin, Satoshi Kuroda, Shigekazu Takeuchi, Miki Fujimura, Yasutake Tomata, Susumu Miyamoto
OBJECTIVE Choroidal collateral vessels typical of moyamoya disease have received attention as a potential bleeding source. The authors' previous angiographic cross-sectional analysis suggested a possible association between choroidal collaterals and posterior hemorrhage, indicating a high risk for rebleeding. The present longitudinal analysis is intended to determine whether choroidal collaterals are a predictor of rebleeding in hemorrhagic moyamoya disease. METHODS The Japan Adult Moyamoya Trial group designed an ancillary cohort study using 5-year follow-up data on 37 patients included in the nonsurgical arm of the original randomized controlled trial and compared the rebleeding rate of those with and those without choroidal collaterals, represented by the connection between the anterior or posterior choroidal arteries and the medullary arteries...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
Meng Luen Lee, Ming Yuh Chang, Tung Ming Chang, Rei Cheng Yang, Ming Che Chang, Albert D Yang
Concurrent involvement of bilateral renal and cerebral arteries, usually incurred as stenosis, is rare in childhood-onset Takayasu arteritis (c-TA). We report the case of a 14-year-old girl, with c-TA, presenting with transient ischemic attack after endovascular revascularization for renal artery stenosis and cerebrovascular stroke after surgical revascularization for cerebral artery stenosis associated with childhood-onset moyamoya syndrome. We deem that decrease of blood pressure by endovascular revascularization and improvement of cerebral perfusion by surgical revascularization may have jeopardized the cerebral deep watershed zone to cerebral ischemia followed by cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome and caused transient ischemic attack and cerebrovascular stroke in our patient...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Takaaki Morimoto, Jun-Ichiro Enmi, Yorito Hattori, Satoshi Iguchi, Satoshi Saito, Kouji H Harada, Hiroko Okuda, Yohei Mineharu, Yasushi Takagi, Shohab Youssefian, Hidehiro Iida, Susumu Miyamoto, Masafumi Ihara, Hatasu Kobayashi, Akio Koizumi
RNF213 is a susceptibility gene for moyamoya disease, yet its exact functions remain unclear. To evaluate the role of RNF213 in adaptation of cerebral blood flow (CBF) under cerebral hypoperfusion, we performed bilateral common carotid artery stenosis surgery using external microcoils on Rnf213 knockout (KO) and vascular endothelial cell-specific Rnf213 mutant (human p.R4810K orthologue) transgenic (EC-Tg) mice. Temporal CBF changes were measured by arterial spin-labelling magnetic resonance imaging. In the cortical area, no significant difference in CBF was found before surgery between the genotypes...
February 26, 2018: Scientific Reports
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Sara C Tho-Calvi, Dominic Thompson, Dawn Saunders, Shakti Agrawal, Anna Basu, Manali Chitre, Gabriel Chow, Frances Gibbon, Anthony Hart, Krishnaraya Kamath Tallur, Fenella Kirkham, Rachel Kneen, Helen McCullagh, Leena Mewasingh, Grace Vassallo, Kayal Vijayakumar, Elizabeth Wraige, Tong Hong Yeo, Vijeya Ganesan
OBJECTIVE: To describe characteristics and course of a large UK cohort of children with moyamoya from multiple centers and examine prognostic predictors. METHODS: Retrospective review of case notes/radiology, with use of logistic regression to explore predictors of outcome. RESULTS: Eighty-eight children (median presentation age 5.1 years) were included. Thirty-six presented with arterial ischemic stroke (AIS) and 29 with TIA. Eighty had bilateral and 8 unilateral carotid circulation disease; 29 patients had posterior circulation involvement...
February 27, 2018: Neurology
Brittany L Ko, John H Unkel
Moyamoya disease (MMD) is a rare cerebrovascular disorder involving progressive constriction of the internal carotid artery and its branches. The disease has a particularly aggressive course in very young patients, and early surgical intervention is often necessary to prevent permanent neurological damage. MMD patients have an increased risk of stroke development, which may be provoked by pain or anxiety. Currently, no reports of pediatric patients with MMD exist in the dental literature. The purpose of this paper was to discuss the dental management of a two-year-old with moyamoya disease who presented with early childhood caries and dental fear, offering recommendations for dental providers with emphasis on stroke prevention, collaboration with the medical team, anesthesia considerations for patients with increased stroke risk, and the challenges to maintain the oral health of a patient undergoing complex medical treatment...
January 1, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
Shinsuke Hoshino, Etsuko Tsuda, Aya Miyazaki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 26, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
Zainah A Abuoliat, Basma A AlFarhan, Aysha A Alshahrani, Amal A AlFarhan, Makki A Almuntashri, Naser Alotaibi
Moyamoya disease is a chronic, progressive bilateral occlusion or stenosis of terminal internal carotid arteries as well as the proximal anterior and middle cerebral arteries. Hemorrhage of the splenium of the corpus callosum rarely occurs with moyamoya disease. In this article, we report a case of a 53-year-old woman diagnosed with moyamoya disease by cerebral angiography. She presented to the emergency department complaining of unsteadiness and a tendency to fall forward for one week. The patient was investigated with head computed tomography (CT) scan upon presentation revealing atypical location of hemorrhage in the corpus callosum, mainly in the splenium...
December 14, 2017: Curēus
Z Chen, L Zhang, J Qu, Y Wu, G Mao, X Zhu, J Zhu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical efficacy of superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery anastomosis (STA-MCA)+encephalo-duro-myo-synangiosis (EDMS) in treating ischemic Moyamoya disease (IMD) in adults. METHODS: A total of 30 adult patients with IMD were selected to be included in the study; they underwent STA-MCA+EDMS and were followed up for 3 months to 2 years. The digital subtraction angiography findings, modified Rankin scale (mRs) score, and complications of all the patients were compared...
February 15, 2018: Neuro-Chirurgie
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