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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044408/testing-a-positive-psychological-intervention-for-osteoarthritis
#1
Leslie R M Hausmann, Ada Youk, C Kent Kwoh, Said A Ibrahim, Michael J Hannon, Debra K Weiner, Rollin M Gallagher, Acacia Parks
Objective: Osteoarthritis is a leading cause of disability for which there is no cure. Psychosocial-oriented treatments are underexplored. We developed and tested an intervention to build positive psychological skills (e.g., gratitude) to reduce osteoarthritis symptom severity, including pain and functioning, and to improve psychosocial well-being in patients with knee or hip osteoarthritis. Design: Two-arm randomized design with six-month follow-up. Setting: An academic Veterans Affairs Medical Center...
October 1, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033282/character-strengths-of-individuals-with-first-episode-psychosis-in-individual-resiliency-training
#2
Julia Browne, Sue E Estroff, Kelsey Ludwig, Carrington Merritt, Piper Meyer-Kalos, Kim T Mueser, Jennifer D Gottlieb, David L Penn
Positive psychology interventions that integrate a person's strengths into treatment result in improvements in life satisfaction and well-being. Character strengths classified within six core virtues (wisdom/knowledge, courage, humanity, justice, temperance, and transcendence) have been the subject of substantial research. Though a number of studies have been conducted in the general population, little is known about the character strengths of individuals with first episode psychosis (FEP). Moreover, positive psychology principles, in particular a focus on personal strengths, have been increasingly integrated into FEP treatment and was a core component of Individual Resiliency Training (IRT), the individual therapy component of NAVIGATE tested in the Recovery After an Initial Schizophrenia Episode Early Treatment Program...
October 12, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024186/fear-of-cancer-recurrence-in-oral-and-oropharyngeal-cancer-patients-an-investigation-of-the-clinical-encounter
#3
G Ozakinci, B Swash, G Humphris, S N Rogers, N J Hulbert-Williams
Fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) is common among individuals treated for cancer. Explorations of how this fear is expressed within an oncology setting and responded to are currently lacking. The aim was to investigate how head and neck cancer survivors in follow-up consultations express FCR, investigate how a healthcare professional addresses recurrence fears, and examine how survivors experience this interaction. We recorded the follow-up consultations of those participants who have reported FCR as a concern on the Patient Concerns Inventory...
October 12, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020861/psilocybin-occasioned-mystical-type-experience-in-combination-with-meditation-and-other-spiritual-practices-produces-enduring-positive-changes-in-psychological-functioning-and-in-trait-measures-of-prosocial-attitudes-and-behaviors
#4
Roland R Griffiths, Matthew W Johnson, William A Richards, Brian D Richards, Robert Jesse, Katherine A MacLean, Frederick S Barrett, Mary P Cosimano, Maggie A Klinedinst
Psilocybin can occasion mystical-type experiences with participant-attributed increases in well-being. However, little research has examined enduring changes in traits. This study administered psilocybin to participants who undertook a program of meditation/spiritual practices. Healthy participants were randomized to three groups (25 each): (1) very low-dose (1 mg/70 kg on sessions 1 and 2) with moderate-level ("standard") support for spiritual-practice (LD-SS); (2) high-dose (20 and 30 mg/70 kg on sessions 1 and 2, respectively) with standard support (HD-SS); and (3) high-dose (20 and 30 mg/70kg on sessions 1 and 2, respectively) with high support for spiritual practice (HD-HS)...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019301/validation-of-the-gratitude-questionnaire-in-filipino-secondary-school-students
#5
Jana Patricia M Valdez, Weipeng Yang, Jesus Alfonso D Datu
Most studies have assessed the psychometric properties of the Gratitude Questionnaire - Six-Item Form (GQ-6) in the Western contexts while very few research has been generated to explore the applicability of this scale in non-Western settings. To address this gap, the aim of the study was to examine the factorial validity and gender invariance of the Gratitude Questionnaire in the Philippines through a construct validation approach. There were 383 Filipino high school students who participated in the research...
October 11, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968183/oxytocin-and-social-bonds-the-role-of-oxytocin-in-perceptions-of-romantic-partners-bonding-behavior
#6
Sara B Algoe, Laura E Kurtz, Karen Grewen
In this research, we tested hypotheses about the role of oxytocin in adult human bonding. Inspired by revisiting the research on pair bonding in microtine voles that fueled psychologists' interest in the role of oxytocin in social life, we drew on recent theory from affective and relationship science to identify a well-defined bonding context for human romantic relationships. We then paired these behaviors and subjective psychological responses with a measure of naturally circulating oxytocin. In 129 romantically involved adults whose partner expressed gratitude to them in the lab, greater oxytocin over the prior 24 hr was associated with greater perceptions of the expresser's responsiveness and gratitude, as well as greater experienced love, but not general affective reward...
September 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958591/experience-of-fathers-of-neonates-with-congenital-heart-disease-in-south-korea
#7
Jeonghyun Kim, Chiyoung Cha
BACKGROUND: Although the 1st month is critical for establishing fatherhood, rare studies have focused on this topic. OBJECTIVE: To understand experiences of fathers of neonates with congenital heart disease. METHODS: Descriptive phenomenology study. RESULTS: The fathers were initially unaware of the seriousness of their neonates' condition. After they learned about it, they felt despair. They experienced guilt regarding their neonates' diagnosis and tried to take full responsibility for the situation to save their family from crisis...
September 25, 2017: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950966/communal-relational-context-or-lack-thereof-shapes-emotional-lives
#8
REVIEW
Margaret S Clark, Lucylle A Armentano, Erica J Boothby, Jennifer L Hirsch
A case is made that a communal relationship context (or lack thereof) shapes people's emotional lives for three reasons. First, a person's communal partners assume some degree of non-contingent responsibility for the person's welfare. This allows the person, when with or, at times, when thinking about such partners, to drop some self-protective vigilance, appraise situations as less threatening, focus attention outward on to situations and to see those situations through the partner's eyes often enhancing the emotional impact of those situations, express emotions which convey individual vulnerabilities and, in turn, receive and accept emotion regulation from partners...
October 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943753/grateful-parents-raising-grateful-children-niche-selection-and-the-socialization-of-child-gratitude
#9
William A Rothenberg, Andrea M Hussong, Hillary A Langley, Gregory A Egerton, Amy G Halberstadt, Jennifer L Coffman, Irina Mokrova, Philip R Costanzo
Given that children's exposure to gratitude-related activities may be one way that parents can socialize gratitude in their children, we examined whether parents' niche selection (i.e., tendency to choose perceived gratitude-inducing activities for their children) mediates the association between parents' reports of their own and their children's gratitude. Parent-child dyads (N =101; children aged 6-9; 52% girls; 80% Caucasian; 85% mothers) participated in a laboratory visit and parents also completed a seven-day online diary regarding children's gratitude...
2017: Applied Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930218/acknowledgement-to-reviewers-of-medicines-in-2016
#10
EDITORIAL
Medicines Editorial Office
The editors of Medicines would like to express their sincere gratitude to the following reviewers for assessing manuscripts in 2016.[...].
January 11, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919873/evaluation-of-the-gratitude-questionnaire-in-a-chinese-sample-of-adults-factorial-validity-criterion-related-validity-and-measurement-invariance-across-sex
#11
Feng Kong, Xuqun You, Jingjing Zhao
The Gratitude Questionnaire (GQ; McCullough et al., 2002) is one of the most widely used instruments to assess dispositional gratitude. The purpose of this study was to validate a Chinese version of the GQ by examining internal consistency, factor structure, convergent validity, and measurement invariance across sex. A total of 1151 Chinese adults were recruited to complete the GQ, Positive Affect and Negative Affect Scales, and Satisfaction with Life Scale. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated that the original unidimensional model fitted well, which is in accordance with the findings in Western populations...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904446/levodopa-history-and-therapeutic-applications
#12
Sujith Ovallath, Bahiya Sulthana
Levodopa - the aromatic amino acid L-3,4-dihydroxy phenylalanine has held the attention of neurologists and pharmacologists alike for more than half a century. Even though extensive research has been done across the globe in treatment of Parkinson's disease, with different molecules, none could replace the gold standard treatment or provide complete relief for the debilitated. Although research brought us better tips and tricks to modulate the dopamine blood levels to balance between the desired and deleterious effects, it could never replace the basic substrate...
July 2017: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903637/helping-others-regulate-emotion-predicts-increased-regulation-of-one-s-own-emotions-and-decreased-symptoms-of-depression
#13
Bruce P Doré, Robert R Morris, Daisy A Burr, Rosalind W Picard, Kevin N Ochsner
Although much research considers how individuals manage their own emotions, less is known about the emotional benefits of regulating the emotions of others. We examined this topic in a 3-week study of an online platform providing training and practice in the social regulation of emotion. We found that participants who engaged more by helping others (vs. sharing and receiving support for their own problems) showed greater decreases in depression, mediated by increased use of reappraisal in daily life. Moreover, social regulation messages with more other-focused language (i...
May 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899270/liberating-discoveries
#14
Sandra Schmidt Bunkers
The author in this article identifies two liberating discoveries that foster human flourishing: the potential of new knowledge and the importance of living gratitude. These two liberating discoveries are explored from the humanbecoming perspective and cite important inquiries that expand understanding of the phenomena of new knowledge and feeling grateful.
July 2017: Nursing Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893676/rationale-and-design-of-the-staying-positive-with-arthritis-spa-study-a-randomized-controlled-trial-testing-the-impact-of-a-positive-psychology-intervention-on-racial-disparities-in-pain
#15
Leslie R M Hausmann, Said A Ibrahim, C Kent Kwoh, Ada Youk, D Scott Obrosky, Debra K Weiner, Ernest Vina, Rollin M Gallagher, Genna T Mauro, Acacia Parks
Knee osteoarthritis is a painful, disabling condition that disproportionately affects African Americans. Existing arthritis treatments yield small to moderate improvements in pain and have not been effective at reducing racial disparities in the management of pain. The biopsychosocial model of pain and evidence from the positive psychology literature suggest that increasing positive psychological skills (e.g., gratitude, kindness) could improve pain and functioning and reduce disparities in osteoarthritis pain management...
September 8, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885795/national-doctors%C3%A2-day-initiative-highlights-gratitude-for-mentors
#16
William F Sasser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Bulletin of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880807/-my-heart-is-in-his-hands-the-lived-spiritual-experiences-of-congolese-refugee-women-survivors-of-sexual-violence
#17
Melissa A Smigelsky, Alison R Gill, Deb Foshager, Jamie D Aten, Hannah Im
The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has experienced widespread violence, including sexual violence. Sexual violence toward women includes rape, genital mutilation, and sexual slavery. Many Congolese have sought to escape such conditions as refugees in the USA. In the present study, we examined lived spiritual experiences of nine Congolese refugee women survivors of sexual violence. Overall, this study provides new insights into participants' experiences of spirituality in the aftermath of sexual trauma and in living as a refugees...
October 2017: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877119/the-lifestyle-change-experiences-of-cancer-survivors
#18
Shiow-Luan Tsay, Wang-Sheng Ko, Kuan-Pin Lin
BACKGROUND: Leading a healthy lifestyle not only alleviates the physical problems but also improves the quality of life of cancer survivors. Healthcare professionals should understand the benefits of altering lifestyle behaviors to provide effective intervention programs to assist cancer survivors to improve their health. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to understand the experiences of cancer survivors in changing their lifestyle after a cancer diagnosis. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive study was conducted on 13 cancer survivors who were sampled purposively from a regional teaching hospital in central Taiwan...
October 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874150/what-are-families-most-grateful-for-after-receiving-palliative-care-content-analysis-of-written-documents-received-a-chance-to-improve-the-quality-of-care
#19
María Aparicio, Carlos Centeno, José Miguel Carrasco, Antonio Barbosa, María Arantzamendi
BACKGROUND: Family members are involved in the care of palliative patients at home and therefore, should be viewed as important sources of information to help clinicians better understand the quality palliative care service patients receive. The objective of the study was to analyse what is valued most by family carers undergoing bereavement of a palliative care home service in order to identify factors of quality of care. METHODS: Qualitative exploratory study based on documentary analysis...
September 6, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871280/impacting-binational-health-through-leadership-development-a-program-evaluation-of-the-leaders-across-borders-program-2010-2014
#20
REVIEW
Omar A Contreras, Cecilia B Rosales, Eduardo Gonzalez-Fagoaga, Celina I Valencia, Maria Gudelia Rangel
BACKGROUND: Workforce and leadership development is imperative for the advancement of public health along the U.S./Mexico border. The Leaders across borders (LaB) program aims to train the public health and health-care workforce of the border region. The LaB is a 6-month intensive leadership development program, which offers training in various areas of public health. Program curriculum topics include: leadership, border health epidemiology, health diplomacy, border public policies, and conflict resolution...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
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