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John P Louis, Alex M Wood, George Lockwood, Moon-Ho Ringo Ho, Eamonn Ferguson
Negative schemas have been widely recognized as being linked to psychopathology and mental health, and they are central to the Schema Therapy (ST) model. This study is the first to report on the psychometric properties of the Young Positive Schema Questionnaire (YPSQ). In a combined community sample (Manila, Philippines, n = 559; Bangalore, India, n = 350; Singapore, n = 628), we identified a 56-item, 14-factor solution for the YPSQ. Multigroup confirmatory factor analysis supported the 14-factor model using data from two other independent samples: an Eastern sample from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (n = 229) and a Western sample from the United States (n = 214)...
April 19, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Ashlee Barwell
In late medieval England, women's informal and gratis healthcare services helped them to accumulate and recompense social capital, which improved their families' and their own status and resources. Given the precariousness of health, special skills in the healing arts had a particular power to create a sense of gratitude and obligation. Evidence comes from the 15th century letter collection of the Pastons, an ambitious gentry family from Norfolk. The Paston women appear both performing as healers in their kin networks and sending medical recipes and advice to their male and female relatives...
April 16, 2018: Canadian Bulletin of Medical History, Bulletin Canadien D'histoire de la Médecine
Elisabeth Winnberg, Ulrika Winnberg, Lilian Pohlkamp, Anette Hagberg
Little is known about how people's lives are influenced when going from a 50% risk status of Huntington's disease (HD) to no risk after performing predictive testing. In this study, 20 interviews were conducted to explore the long-term (> 5 years) experiences after receiving predictive test results as a non-carrier of HD. The results showed a broad variety of both positive and negative reactions. The most prominent positive reaction reported was feelings of relief and gratitude, of not carrying the HD mutation for themselves and for their children...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Genetic Counseling
R H C Zegers
Most physicians receive gifts from their patients during their careers, but what to think of these presents and how to react to them? For many years, generous patients led to uneasiness: they might expect special services from the physician; or other patients - who did not give anything - could feel disadvantaged over generous patients. These are good reasons not to be too keen on gifts. They still lead to uneasiness now, but the situation has nevertheless been reappraised as it goes against the general tendency to complain about everything: a token of appreciation is welcome...
2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
Heini Saarimäki, Lara Farzaneh Ejtehadian, Enrico Glerean, Iiro P Jääskeläinen, Patrik Vuilleumier, Mikko Sams, Lauri Nummenmaa
The functional organization of human emotion systems as well as their neuroanatomical basis and segregation in the brain remains unresolved. Here we used pattern classification and hierarchical clustering to characterize the organization of a range of specific emotion categories in the human brain. We induced 14 emotions (6 "basic", e.g. fear and anger; and 8 "non-basic", e.g. shame and gratitude) and a neutral state using guided mental imagery while participants' brain activity was measured with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)...
March 28, 2018: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
Nicole M Le Douarin
My career in research was a second thought. I first (during 8 years) worked as a secondary school teacher and after 4-5 years, during which my two daughters were born, I found a way to escape from what was to be a lifetime job. For two years, my initiation to research was limited to the free time left by my teaching duties. This period of time was a bit "complicated" but not enough to prevent me to realize that research was really what I wanted to do for the rest of my life… And this was when I became acquainted with the chick embryo...
2018: International Journal of Developmental Biology
Sharon Cox
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Nursing Management
Qinglu Wu, Peilian Chi, Xiuyun Lin, Hongfei Du
Child maltreatment, including abuse (physical, emotional, and sexual) and neglect (physical and emotional), is positively associated with depressive symptoms in adulthood. However, most studies have been conducted within a psychopathological framework and focused on underlying dysfunctional processes (e.g., insecure attachment styles, maladaptive schemas, and negative attribution styles). Protective factors that affect the relationship between child maltreatment and adult depressive symptoms are underexplored...
March 20, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
Anna Robinson, Robert Elliott
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake. There was an omission to the original acknowledgement. The acknowledgement should have read: We would also like to express our gratitude to the rater, Mary Hamilton for her expertise and time commitment given freely to this project.
March 16, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Ryan P Donahue, Andrew W Stamm, Robert P Gibbons, Christopher R Porter, Kathleen C Kobashi, John M Corman, Una J Lee
INTRODUCTION: The ureteral stent is engrained in the fabric of urologic practice. Virginia Mason Medical Center had a unique role in its development through the pioneering work of Dr. Robert Gibbons. Here, we review his contribution to the evolution of the modern ureteral stent. METHODS: We reviewed Dr. Gibbons' extensive work through primary sources, including interviews, projector slides, radiology images, stent prototypes, his personal writings and archived documents...
March 12, 2018: Urology
Vickie Hughes
Integrity is a highly desired leadership trait. Authentic leaders reflect on their behavior and seek feedback about how their actions affect others. How can a nurse develop as an authentic leader who consistently demonstrates integrity? The following are discussed: Reflection; Connection to Christ and others; Social and Emotional Intelligence providing perceptive competency and social awareness; Aesthetic Qualities whereby leaders apply experiential knowing in leadership situations; and effective expression of Gratitude as a meaningful act of valuing others...
April 2018: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
Kan Ouyang, Erica Xu, Xu Huang, Wu Liu, Yipeng Tang
Group members gain social status via giving favors to others, but why and when they do so remain unclear in the literature. Building on social exchange theory and social status literature, we identify three types of favor giving among group members (generous, stingy, and matched) and propose that an affective mechanism (i.e., gratitude) and a cognitive mechanism (i.e., perceived competence) underlie the relationship between favor giving and status attainment. Specifically, generous/stingy favor giving has a linear relationship with status attainment through both gratitude and perceived competence, whereas matched favor giving has a curvilinear relationship with status attainment only through perceived competence...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Applied Psychology
Paul S Malchesky
In this Editor's Review, articles published in 2017 are organized by category and summarized. We provide a brief reflection of the research and progress in artificial organs intended to advance and better human life while providing insight for continued application of these technologies and methods. Artificial Organs continues in the original mission of its founders "to foster communications in the field of artificial organs on an international level." Artificial Organs continues to publish developments and clinical applications of artificial organ technologies in this broad and expanding field of organ Replacement, Recovery, and Regeneration from all over the world...
March 2018: Artificial Organs
Ross J Roeser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: International Journal of Audiology
Mojtaba Talaei-Khoei, Neal Chen, David Ring, Ana-Maria Vranceanu
OBJECTIVE: Satisfaction with life buffers the effect of stress on health, but its role in the mechanism through which pain may impact engagement in activities of daily living is not known. We tested whether satisfaction with life protects against engaging in pain catastrophizing and through this explains individual differences in the extent to which pain interferes with activities of daily living. METHOD: One-hundred and 42 patients with upper extremity musculoskeletal illness participated in this cross-sectional study and completed the PROMIS pain intensity, PROMIS pain interference, pain catastrophizing scale (PCS), satisfaction with life scale (SWLS), and demographic variables...
March 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Rebecca J Beese, Deborah Ringdahl
BACKGROUND: Addressing spirituality in health care is important as it improves health outcomes; however, several provider barriers exist to providing spiritually based care. Local problem: A chart audit at a multidisciplinary wellness center serving a population with chronic mental health problems identified a need to improve the number of spiritually based interventions provided to clients by the nurse practitioner. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental design and pre- and post-test questionnaire were used to measure outcomes including the number of spiritually based interventions and provider attitudes...
February 1, 2018: Creative Nursing
Albert Park, Mike Conway, Annie T Chen
Objectives: Social media, including online health communities, have become popular platforms for individuals to discuss health challenges and exchange social support with others. These platforms can provide support for individuals who are concerned about social stigma and discrimination associated with their illness. Although mental health conditions can share similar symptoms and even co-occur, the extent to which discussion topics in online mental health communities are similar, different, or overlapping is unknown...
January 2018: Computers in Human Behavior
Allison Werner-Lin, Lori Zaspel, Mae Carlson, Rebecca Mueller, Sarah A Walser, Ria Desai, Barbara A Bernhardt
Clinical genome and exome sequencing (CGES) may identify variants leading to targeted management of existing conditions. Yet, CGES often fails to identify pathogenic diagnostic variants and introduces uncertainties by detecting variants of uncertain significance (VUS) and secondary findings. This study investigated how families understand findings and adjust their perspectives on CGES. As part of NIH's Clinical Sequencing Exploratory Research Consortium, children were recruited from clinics at the Children's Hospital of Pennsylvania (CHOP) and offered exome sequencing...
March 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Jeffrey Laurence
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2018: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
Kristin J Homan, Tracy L Tylka
Although researchers and clinicians recognize the importance of positive body image for women's well-being, development of theoretical frameworks for understanding positive body image has not kept pace with research documenting its many benefits. The present study proposed and tested a comprehensive model linking gratitude, contingent self-worth, social comparison, body appreciation, and intuitive eating. Path analysis indicated that this model fit the data for a sample of college and online community women (N = 263)...
February 8, 2018: Body Image
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