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Gratitude

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723302/why-use-group-visits-for-opioid-use-disorder-treatment-in-primary-care-a-patient-centered-qualitative-study
#1
Randi Sokol, Chiara Albanese, Deviney Chaponis, Jessica Early, George Maxted, Diana Morrill, Grace Poirier, Fran Puopolo, Zev Schuman-Olivier
BACKGROUND: Primary care providers are well positioned to respond to the opioid crisis by providing buprenorphine/naloxone (B/N) through shared medical appointments (SMA). While quantitative research has been previously conducted on SMAs with B/N, we conducted a qualitative assessment from the patients' point of view, considering whether and how group visits provide value for patients. METHODS: Twenty-five participants with opioid use disorder (OUD) who were enrolled in a weekly B/N group visit at a family medicine clinic participated in either of two one-hour-long focus groups, which were conducted as actual group visits...
July 19, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721109/association-of-social-support-with-gratitude-and-sense-of-coherence-in-japanese-young-women-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Tomoko Fujitani, Kumiko Ohara, Katsuyasu Kouda, Tomoki Mase, Chiemi Miyawaki, Katsumasa Momoi, Yoshimitsu Okita, Maki Furutani, Harunobu Nakamura
PURPOSE: Recent studies have shown that perceived social support is associated with gratitude and sense of coherence, but evidence for this concept remains scarce. In the present study, we investigated relationships between social support, gratitude, and sense of coherence, focusing on the construct of and source of social support among young women. METHODS: The study was conducted in 2014 in Japan. Participants comprised 208 female university students (aged 19...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718342/reconsidering-the-roles-of-gratitude-and-indebtedness-in-social-exchange
#3
Cong Peng, Rob M A Nelissen, Marcel Zeelenberg
Receiving favors is often a mixed blessing and commonly triggers two emotions: the positive emotion gratitude and negative emotion indebtedness. In three studies, we examined the hypothesis that gratitude and indebtedness have distinct functions in social exchange. Contrary to current views, we believe that the function of gratitude does not primarily reside in facilitating social exchange. Instead, we propose that indebtedness motivates people to repay favours received, and thus accounts for most of the prosocial effects commonly attributed to gratitude...
July 18, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707950/disentangling-gratitude-a-theoretical-and-psychometric-examination-of-the-gratitude-resentment-and-appreciation-test-revised-short-grat-rs
#4
Joseph H Hammer, Rachel E Brenner
This study extended our theoretical and applied understanding of gratitude through a psychometric examination of the most popular multidimensional measure of gratitude, the Gratitude, Resentment, and Appreciation Test-Revised Short form (GRAT-RS). Namely, the dimensionality of the GRAT-RS, the model-based reliability of the GRAT-RS total score and 3 subscale scores, and the incremental evidence of validity for its latent factors were assessed. Dimensionality measures (e.g., explained common variance) and confirmatory factor analysis results with 426 community adults indicated that the GRAT-RS conformed to a multidimensional (bifactor) structure...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704118/gratitude-and-drug-misuse-role-of-coping-as-mediator
#5
Chi-Ching Leung, Eddie M W Tong
BACKGROUND: Positive emotions, such as gratitude has been found to be beneficial to both physical and mental well-being but so far, drug misuse research has yet to identify important emotive predictors related to drug use. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the relationship between gratitude and drug use among a group of drug misusers. It was hypothesized that greater dispositional gratitude was associated with lesser drug use through greater use of adaptive coping methods and lesser use of maladaptive coping methods...
July 13, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698643/effects-of-gratitude-meditation-on-neural-network-functional-connectivity-and-brain-heart-coupling
#6
Sunghyon Kyeong, Joohan Kim, Dae Jin Kim, Hesun Erin Kim, Jae-Jin Kim
A sense of gratitude is a powerful and positive experience that can promote a happier life, whereas resentment is associated with life dissatisfaction. To explore the effects of gratitude and resentment on mental well-being, we acquired functional magnetic resonance imaging and heart rate (HR) data before, during, and after the gratitude and resentment interventions. Functional connectivity (FC) analysis was conducted to identify the modulatory effects of gratitude on the default mode, emotion, and reward-motivation networks...
July 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686593/the-proximal-experience-of-gratitude
#7
Kristin Layous, Kate Sweeny, Christina Armenta, Soojung Na, Incheol Choi, Sonja Lyubomirsky
Although a great deal of research has tested the longitudinal effects of regularly practicing gratitude, much less attention has been paid to the emotional landscape directly following engagement in gratitude exercises. In three studies, we explored the array of discrete emotions people experience after being prompted to express or recall gratitude. In Studies 1 and 2, two different gratitude exercises produced not only greater feelings of gratitude relative to two positive emotion control conditions (i.e., recalling relief), but also higher levels of other socially relevant states like elevation, connectedness, and indebtedness...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680408/a-potential-role-for-mu-opioids-in-mediating-the-positive-effects-of-gratitude
#8
REVIEW
Max Henning, Glenn R Fox, Jonas Kaplan, Hanna Damasio, Antonio Damasio
Gratitude is a complex emotional feeling associated with universally desirable positive effects in personal, social, and physiological domains. Why or how gratitude achieves these functional outcomes is not clear. Toward the goal of identifying its' underlying physiological processes, we recently investigated the neural correlates of gratitude. In our study, participants were exposed to gratitude-inducing stimuli, and rated each according to how much gratitude it provoked. As expected, self-reported gratitude intensity correlated with brain activity in distinct regions of the medial pre-frontal cortex associated with social reward and moral cognition...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668642/thank-you-letters-from-patients-in-an-intensive-care-unit-from-the-expression-of-gratitude-to-an-applied-ethic-of-care
#9
Alexandre Herbland, Michel Goldberg, Nathalie Garric, Olivier Lesieur
INTRODUCTION: Patients' perception of an intensive care unit stay can lead to a better understanding of the expectations and needs of patients hospitalised in intensive care so that care for critically ill patients can be adapted and improved. Thank you letters are sources of original information which come directly and spontaneously from patients. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyse the thank you letters from patients who required intensive care treatment and to identify messages that could be intended for the intensive care unit team...
June 28, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651463/-what-do-family-medicine-trainees-think-about-gratitude-payment
#10
Zsuzsa Győrffy, László Kalabay, András Mohos, Bernadett Márkus, Anna Nánási, József Rinfel, Edmond Girasek, Péter Torzsa
INTRODUCTION: The issue of gratuity is one of the most important health policy issues in Hungary. AIM: The authors' aim is to investigate the attitude of Hungarian family medicine trainees towards gratitude payment. METHOD: Quantitative, paper-based survey among trainees from four Departments of Family Medicine in Hungary (n = 152). RESULTS: More than 50 percent of the residents do not approve of accepting gratitude money...
July 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640237/broad-consent-for-health-care-embedded-biobanking-understanding-and-reasons-to-donate-in-a-large-patient-sample
#11
Gesine Richter, Michael Krawczak, Wolfgang Lieb, Lena Wolff, Stefan Schreiber, Alena Buyx
PurposeTo facilitate ethically acceptable and practically successful health care-embedded biobanking, the attitudes and understanding of patients and their motivation to participate need to be explored.MethodsA questionnaire study was conducted among 760 outpatients of a northern German university hospital to assess their awareness of, and motivation for giving broad consent to health care-embedded biobanking, also addressing the issue of feedback on individual-level research findings.ResultsThe overall willingness to give broad consent was high (86...
June 22, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637610/an-exploration-of-how-positive-emotions-are-expressed-by-older-people-and-nurse-assistants-in-homecare-visits
#12
Lena Heyn, Lee Ellington, Hilde Eide
OBJECTIVE: We don´t know how positive emotions are being expressed by patients and health care providers in consultations. The aim of this study is to identify positive emotions expressed by older people and nurse assistants to discuss the function of these in the visits. METHOD: This paper presents secondary analysis of consultations in the COMHOME project. In this pilot study, six transcribed consultations between nurse assistants and older people in home health care were analysed using a coding system for positive emotions with seven categories capturing both content and emotional intensity of positive affect...
May 23, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637082/positive-aspects-of-having-had-cancer-a-mixed-methods-analysis-of-responses-from-the-american-cancer-society-survivors-of-cancer-ii-studies
#13
Gail Adorno, Ellen Lopez, Mary Ann Burg, Victoria Loerzel, Michael Killian, Amy B Dailey, Joanne D Iennaco, Cara Wallace, Dinghy Kristine B Sharma, Kevin Stein
PURPOSE: This study focused on understanding positive aspects of cancer amongst a large, national sample of survivors, two, five, and ten years' post-cancer diagnosis, who responded to the American Cancer Society Survivors of Cancer-II survey question "Please tell us about any positive aspects of having cancer." METHODS: A sequential mixed methods approach examined 1) thematic categories of positive aspects from cancer survivors (n = 5149) and 2) variation in themes by sociodemographics, cancer type, stage of disease, and length of survivorship...
June 21, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635040/verbal-communication-of-families-with-cancer-patients-at-end-of-life-a-questionnaire-survey-with-bereaved-family-members
#14
Kazuhiro Nakazato, Mariko Shiozaki, Kei Hirai, Tatsuya Morita, Ryuhei Tatara, Kaori Ichihara, Shinichi Sato, Megumi Simizu, Satoru Tuneto, Yasuo Shima, Mitsunori Miyasita
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the verbal communication of feelings between families and patients in Japanese palliative care units (PCUs) from the perspective of bereaved family members by examining (1) proportions of families' and patients' verbalization of six feelings (gratitude, love, seeking forgiveness, giving forgiveness, wishes after death, and continuing bonds),(2) recognition of receiving these feelings through verbalization from the family's perspective, and (3) the specific attitudes of family members that influence their verbalizations...
June 21, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604038/it-s-the-motive-that-counts-perceived-sacrifice-motives-and-gratitude-in-romantic-relationships
#15
Mariko L Visserman, Francesca Righetti, Emily A Impett, Dacher Keltner, Paul A M Van Lange
Gratitude is robustly linked to many positive outcomes for individuals and relationships (e.g., greater life and relationship satisfaction). However, little is known about how romantic partners come to feel grateful for each other's pro-relational acts, such as when a partner makes a sacrifice. The present research examines how perceptions of partner sacrifice motives evoke gratitude. We distinguish between partner, relationship, and self-focused motives, and how they are guided by approach or avoidance orientations...
June 12, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602568/online-self-help-forums-on-cannabis-a-content-assessment
#16
Christian Greiner, Anne Chatton, Yasser Khazaal
OBJECTIVE: To investigate online self-help forums related to cannabis users who were searching for help on the Internet. METHODS: We analyzed the content of 717 postings by 328 users in three online forums in terms of fields of interest and self-help mechanisms. Only English-language forums that were free of charge and without registration were investigated. RESULTS: The main self-help mechanisms were disclosure and symptoms, with relatively few posts concerning legal issues and social perceptions...
June 3, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584891/gratitude-mediates-quality-of-life-differences%C3%A2-between-fibromyalgia-patients-and-healthy-controls
#17
Loren Toussaint, Fuschia Sirois, Jameson Hirsch, Annemarie Weber, Christian Vajda, Jorg Schelling, Niko Kohls, Martin Offenbacher
PURPOSE: Despite a growing literature on the benefits of gratitude for adjustment to chronic illness, little is known about gratitude in medical populations compared to healthy populations, or the degree to which potential deficits in gratitude might impact quality of life. The purpose of the present study was to (1) examine levels of gratitude and quality of life in fibromyalgia patients and healthy controls and (2) consider the role of gratitude in explaining quality of life differences between fibromyalgia patients and healthy controls...
June 5, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558535/unpacking-the-gender-differences-on-mental-health
#18
Xiao Dong Yue, Neelam Arjan Hiranandani, Feng Jiang, Zhenhu Hou, Xiaohua Chen
Mental health studies show that women are likely to score higher on subjective well-being and higher on depression than men. To verify this, the present study collected a sample of 5648 undergraduates in 55 universities in China. Results showed that women reported higher optimism, gratitude, subjective well-being, and depression than men, and that optimism and gratitude mediated the relationship between gender and mental health (subjective well-being and depression). By its implication, women were more likely to be optimistic and grateful, and as such they tended to experience higher subjective well-being and depression simultaneously...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554600/gratitude-abstinence-and-alcohol-use-disorders-report-of-a-preliminary-finding
#19
Amy R Krentzman
Gratitude is a central component of addiction recovery for many, yet it has received scant attention in addiction research. In a sample of 67 individuals entering abstinence-based alcohol-use-disorder treatment, this study employed gratitude and abstinence variables from sequential assessments (baseline, 6months, 12months) to model theorized causal relationships: gratitude would increase pre-post treatment and gratitude after treatment would predict greater percent days abstinent 6months later. Neither hypothesis was supported...
July 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552179/informing-the-homeopathic-practice-for-turkish-pharmacists-reviewing-the-example-of-portuguese-community-pharmacies
#20
Afonso Miguel Cavaco, Miray Arslan, Sevgi Şar
INTRODUCTION: Alternative and complementary therapy systems, such as homeopathy, have long been used around the world. Since 1995 homeopathy has been officially recognized in Europe as a system of medicine or a medical specialty. Portuguese community pharmacists have long-standing experience with homeopathic products. By contrast, healthcare professionals in Turkey are less experienced with homeopathic practice although there is a new regulatory setting in place. There are a limited number of studies addressing pharmacists' role within the homeopathic system...
May 2017: Homeopathy: the Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy
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