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Gratitude

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209179/effect-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-of-the-medial-prefrontal-cortex-on-the-gratitude-of-individuals-with-heterogeneous-ability-in-an-experimental-labor-market
#1
Pengcheng Wang, Guangrong Wang, Xiaofei Niu, Huiliang Shang, Jianbiao Li
Gratitude is an important aspect of human sociality, which benefits mental health and interpersonal relationships. Thus, elucidating the neural mechanism of gratitude, which is only now beginning to be investigated, is important. To this end, this study specifies the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) involved in the gratitude of heterogeneous individuals using the transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) technique. Previous neural studies have shown the involvement of mPFC in social cognition and value evaluation, which are closely related to gratitude...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208478/pilot-testing-of-a-brief-couple-based-mind-body-intervention-for-patients-with-metastatic-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-and-their-partners
#2
Kathrin Milbury, Rosalinda Engle, Anne Tsao, Zhongxing Liao, April Owens, Alejandro Chaoul, Eduardo Bruera, Lorenzo Cohen
CONTEXT: Given the generally incurable nature of metastatic lung cancer, patients and their spouses/partners are at risk for psychological and spiritual distress. To address this concern, we developed a couple-based mind-body (CBMB) intervention. OBJECTIVES: This formative research was aimed at examining the intervention's acceptability and initial efficacy in patients with metastatic lung cancer undergoing treatment and their spouses. METHODS: Intervention content evaluation sessions and an ensuing single-arm trial were conducted...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206555/a-connectedness-primer-for-healthcare-providers-adolescents-young-adult-cancer-survivors-perspectives-on-behaviors-that-foster-connectedness-during-cancer-treatment-and-the-resulting-positive-outcomes
#3
Celeste R Phillips, Joan E Haase
PURPOSE: Many healthcare providers (HCPs) struggle to communicate and connect with adolescents and young adults (AYA) with cancer that hinders their ability to adequately assess and address the psychosocial needs of AYA. The purpose of this article is to describe the key behaviors of HCPs AYA perceive as essential to fostering connectedness with them and the outcomes AYA experience from such connectedness. METHODS: The sample for this empirical phenomenological study was nine AYA cancer survivors (aged 20-23 years) who were diagnosed in adolescence...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204133/gratitude-in-organizations-a-contribution-for-healthy-organizational-contexts
#4
Annamaria Di Fabio, Letizia Palazzeschi, Ornella Bucci
This article reviews the construct of gratitude. Gratitude has been shown to be a fundamental resource for strengthening individual well-being. From a positive psychology perspective, gratitude is recognized as a promising opportunity for individuals because it can be enhanced through specific training according to a primary prevention framework. In organizations, gratitude is now thought to be crucial to employees' efficiency, success, and productivity while also improving organizational citizenship behaviors, prosocial organizational behavior, and the organizational climate...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198653/acceptance-of-gold-medal-from-the-catalan-society-of-transplantation-by-drs-lorraine-racusen-and-kim-solez-with-remarks-on-the-banff-meeting-spirit
#5
L C Racusen, K Solez
The awarding of the gold medal from the Catalan Society of Transplantation to the organizers of the Banff Transplant Pathology meetings is an opportunity to acknowledge gratitude to all the people who have helped make these meetings a success over the past 26 years. Other large organizations have given up consensus conferences, but the Banff consensus process is thriving. It is unusual for any organization to have the same leadership for 26 years. It has only worked for the Banff meetings because the leadership was flexible and able to change with the times...
December 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172621/effects-of-oxytocin-administration-on-receiving-help
#6
Lauren J Human, Joshua D Woolley, Wendy Berry Mendes
Receiving help can be a "mixed blessing." Despite the many psychosocial benefits it can carry, it sometimes has negative psychological consequences, such as loss in self-esteem or enhanced guilt. It is, therefore, important to understand the factors that modify responses to receiving help from others. We explored the role of the hormone oxytocin (OT) on affective and social responses to receiving help, given the putative role of OT in social bonding and attunement. To this end, we manipulated whether help was received from a same-sex interaction partner (confederate) versus a control condition, crossed with a double-blind administration of intranasal OT (vs...
November 27, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165001/beyond-home-like-design-visitor-responses-to-an-immersive-creative-space-in-a-canadian-long-term-care-facility
#7
Megan E Graham, Andréa Fabricius
This study examined the benefits of expanding upon the "home-like" design by introducing an immersive creative space for residents, staff, and visitors to explore in a long-term care facility in Eastern Ontario, Canada. Data were collected through guestbook comments ( N = 93) and coded for themes according to guidelines for thematic analysis. Selected themes included visitors' enjoyment of the winter aesthetic, expressions of gratitude to the artists, time spent socializing with family and visitors in a creative milieu, and the experience of remembering in an evocative space...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123352/spiritual-needs-and-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-cancer
#8
Mansooreh Azizzadeh Forouzi, Batool Tirgari, Mohammad Hossein Safarizadeh, Yunes Jahani
Background and Aim: Information about spiritual needs and quality of life (QoL) is limited in Iranian cancer patients. This study was conducted to determine the relationship between spiritual needs and QoL among cancer patients in Iran. Methods: This correlational study included a convenience sample of 150 eligible cancer patients who were hospitalized in the oncology wards and outpatient clinics. Using two questionnaires; the spiritual needs survey and the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer QoL Questionnaire-C30 data were collected...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121511/medical-egg-freezing-and-cancer-patients-hopes-fertility-preservation-at-the-intersection-of-life-and-death
#9
Marcia C Inhorn, Daphna Birenbaum-Carmeli, Pasquale Patrizio
Egg freezing (i.e., oocyte cryopreservation) is a new reproductive technology that allows women's eggs to be frozen and stored for future use. Over the past five years, so-called "medical egg freezing" (MEF) has begun to play a major role as a form of fertility preservation for young women with cancer and other fertility-threatening medical conditions. Indeed, women who are candidates for MEF are often facing the "double jeopardy" of fertility loss and potential death. In this article, we examine the experiences of the first generation of women to use MEF in the United States and Israel, two countries where experimental use of MEF began early, and where MEF is now offered clinically in many in vitro fertilization (IVF) clinics...
October 31, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115731/it-is-our-greatest-pleasure-to-recognize-the-many-individuals-who-have-provided-their-valuable-time-and-expertise-to-support-digestive-endoscopy-the-editorial-board-wishes-to-acknowledge-with-particular-gratitude-the-following-reviewers-who-have-reviewed-papers
#10
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108522/telling-life-stories-a-dyadic-intervention-for-older-korean-couples-affected-by-mild-alzheimer-s-disease
#11
Minyoung Kwak, Ji Won Han, Jung-Hwa Ha
BACKGROUND: Dementia has negative consequences for both persons with dementia and their family caregivers. Dyadic interventions in which both groups participate together have shown an effective and promising approach. The Couples Life Story Approach (CLSA) that was recently developed for older couples dealing with dementia in the USA was adapted and implemented for the older Korean population in this study. The purpose of this paper is to understand how older Korean couples dealing with dementia experienced the CLSA...
November 7, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097353/-a-phenomenal-person-and-doctor-thank-you-letters-to-medical-care-providers
#12
Talya Miron-Shatz, Stefan Becker, Franklin Zaromb, Alexander Mertens, Avi Tsafrir
BACKGROUND: Thank you letters to physicians and medical facilities are an untapped resource, providing an invaluable glimpse into what patients notice and appreciate in their care. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze such thank you letters as posted on the Web by medical institutions to find what patients and families consider to be good care. In an age of patient-centered care, it is pivotal to see what metrics patients and families apply when assessing their care and whether they grasp specific versus general qualities in their care...
November 2, 2017: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092868/patients-outcomes-after-acute-respiratory-failure-a-qualitative-study-with-the-promis-framework
#13
Michelle N Eakin, Yashika Patel, Pedro Mendez-Tellez, Victor D Dinglas, Dale M Needham, Alison E Turnbull
BACKGROUND: As mortality rates for patients treated in intensive care units decrease, greater understanding of the impact of critical illness on patients' well-being is needed. OBJECTIVE: To describe the survivorship experience of patients who had acute respiratory failure by using the Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) framework. METHODS: A total of 48 adult patients who had acute respiratory failure completed at least 1 semistructured telephone-based interview between 5 and 18 months after their stay in the intensive care unit...
November 2017: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075380/a-curriculum-to-enhance-resilience-in-internal-medicine-interns
#14
Amber-Nicole Bird, Michelle Martinchek, Amber T Pincavage
BACKGROUND : Burnout is a serious concern in graduate medical education. While enhancing resilience in trainees is considered beneficial, there are few studies showing successful interventions. OBJECTIVE : We developed and implemented a curriculum to teach resilience skills to internal medicine (IM) residents. METHODS : Our resilience curriculum focused on 4 small group skill-building workshops: setting realistic goals, managing expectations, letting go after stressful clinical events, and finding gratitude...
October 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056662/acknowledgement-to-reviewers-of-veterinary-sciences-in-2016
#15
EDITORIAL
Veterinary Sciences Editorial Office
The editors of Veterinary Sciences would like to express their sincere gratitude to the following reviewers for assessing manuscripts in 2016.[...].
January 10, 2017: Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051684/a-tripartite-taxonomy-of-character-evidence-for-intrapersonal-interpersonal-and-intellectual-competencies-in-children
#16
Daeun Park, Eli Tsukayama, Geoffrey P Goodwin, Sarah Patrick, Angela L Duckworth
Other than cognitive ability, what competencies should schools promote in children? How are they organized, and to what extent do they predict consequential outcomes? Separate theoretical traditions have suggested interpersonal, intrapersonal, and intellectual dimensions, reflecting how children relate to other people, manage their own goals and impulses, and engage with ideas, respectively. However, very little work has examined character empirically. In the current investigation, we partnered with middle schools that had previously identified character strengths relevant in their communities...
January 2017: Contemporary Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044408/testing-a-positive-psychological-intervention-for-osteoarthritis
#17
Leslie R M Hausmann, Ada Youk, C Kent Kwoh, Said A Ibrahim, Michael J Hannon, Debra K Weiner, Rollin M Gallagher, Acacia Parks
Objective: Osteoarthritis is a leading cause of disability for which there is no cure. Psychosocial-oriented treatments are underexplored. We developed and tested an intervention to build positive psychological skills (e.g., gratitude) to reduce osteoarthritis symptom severity, including pain and functioning, and to improve psychosocial well-being in patients with knee or hip osteoarthritis. Design: Two-arm randomized design with six-month follow-up. Setting: An academic Veterans Affairs Medical Center...
October 1, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033282/character-strengths-of-individuals-with-first-episode-psychosis-in-individual-resiliency-training
#18
Julia Browne, Sue E Estroff, Kelsey Ludwig, Carrington Merritt, Piper Meyer-Kalos, Kim T Mueser, Jennifer D Gottlieb, David L Penn
Positive psychology interventions that integrate a person's strengths into treatment result in improvements in life satisfaction and well-being. Character strengths classified within six core virtues (wisdom/knowledge, courage, humanity, justice, temperance, and transcendence) have been the subject of substantial research. Though a number of studies have been conducted in the general population, little is known about the character strengths of individuals with first episode psychosis (FEP). Moreover, positive psychology principles, in particular a focus on personal strengths, have been increasingly integrated into FEP treatment and was a core component of Individual Resiliency Training (IRT), the individual therapy component of NAVIGATE tested in the Recovery After an Initial Schizophrenia Episode Early Treatment Program...
October 12, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024186/fear-of-cancer-recurrence-in-oral-and-oropharyngeal-cancer-patients-an-investigation-of-the-clinical-encounter
#19
G Ozakinci, B Swash, G Humphris, S N Rogers, N J Hulbert-Williams
Fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) is common among individuals treated for cancer. Explorations of how this fear is expressed within an oncology setting and responded to are currently lacking. The aim was to investigate how head and neck cancer survivors in follow-up consultations express FCR, investigate how a healthcare professional addresses recurrence fears, and examine how survivors experience this interaction. We recorded the follow-up consultations of those participants who have reported FCR as a concern on the Patient Concerns Inventory...
October 12, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020861/psilocybin-occasioned-mystical-type-experience-in-combination-with-meditation-and-other-spiritual-practices-produces-enduring-positive-changes-in-psychological-functioning-and-in-trait-measures-of-prosocial-attitudes-and-behaviors
#20
Roland R Griffiths, Matthew W Johnson, William A Richards, Brian D Richards, Robert Jesse, Katherine A MacLean, Frederick S Barrett, Mary P Cosimano, Maggie A Klinedinst
Psilocybin can occasion mystical-type experiences with participant-attributed increases in well-being. However, little research has examined enduring changes in traits. This study administered psilocybin to participants who undertook a program of meditation/spiritual practices. Healthy participants were randomized to three groups (25 each): (1) very low-dose (1 mg/70 kg on sessions 1 and 2) with moderate-level ("standard") support for spiritual-practice (LD-SS); (2) high-dose (20 and 30 mg/70 kg on sessions 1 and 2, respectively) with standard support (HD-SS); and (3) high-dose (20 and 30 mg/70kg on sessions 1 and 2, respectively) with high support for spiritual practice (HD-HS)...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
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