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Stina Lou, Camilla P Nielsen, Lone Hvidman, Olav B Petersen, Mette B Risør
BACKGROUND: It is well documented that pregnant women experience increased worry and uncertainty following a high-risk prenatal screening result. While waiting for diagnostic results this worry continues to linger. It has been suggested that high-risk women put the pregnancy mentally 'on hold' during this period, however, not enough is known about how high-risk women and their partners cope while waiting for diagnostic results. The aim of this study was to identify the strategies employed to cope with worry and uncertainty...
October 21, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Chris D Adrian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Christopher M Celano, Eleanor E Beale, Scott R Beach, Arianna M Belcher, Laura Suarez, Shweta R Motiwala, Parul U Gandhi, Hanna Gaggin, James L Januzzi, Brian C Healy, Jeff C Huffman
OBJECTIVE: Psychological constructs are associated with cardiovascular health, but the biological mechanisms mediating these relationships are unknown. We examined relationships between psychological constructs and markers of inflammation, endothelial function, and myocardial strain in a cohort of post-acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients. METHODS: Participants (N = 164) attended study visits 2 weeks and 6 months after ACS. During these visits, they completed self-report measures of depressive symptoms, anxiety, optimism, and gratitude; and blood samples were collected for measurement of biomarkers reflecting inflammation, endothelial function, and myocardial strain...
September 30, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
Sonja Goedeke, Ken Daniels
In New Zealand, embryo donation (ED) is "open," allowing offspring to access genetic information. Donors and recipients meet prior to donation. Drawing on interviews with 15 recipients, 22 donors, and nine counselors, this article discusses how ED may be constructed as a form of gifting. This discourse may evoke expectations that recipients will express gratitude for the gift, including through honoring contact agreements. Donation becomes a relational practice of obligations and counter-obligations. However, the gift discourse may not adequately capture the emotional sacrifice experienced by donors...
October 13, 2016: Qualitative Health Research
Christina M DuBois, Rachel A Millstein, Christopher M Celano, Deborah J Wexler, Jeff C Huffman
OBJECTIVE: Positive psychological attributes (eg, optimism) have been associated with a healthier lifestyle and superior medical outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes; however, there has been minimal study of behavioral interventions that target positive psychological constructs in this population. Accordingly, we developed a novel, telephone-based, 12-week positive psychology intervention and assessed its feasibility and short-term impact in adults with type 2 diabetes and suboptimal health behavior adherence...
2016: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
Marie-Noëlle Bélanger-Lévesque, Marc Dumas, Simon Blouin, Jean-Charles Pasquier
BACKGROUND: While spirituality is well described in end-of-life care literature, research on its place in the delivery room remains largely limited to mother-oriented qualitative studies focusing on life-threatening situations (e.g., high-risk pregnancies). Our aim was to compare mothers' and fathers' spirituality during childbirth. METHODS: A mixed methods questionnaire was developed from our childbirth-related spirituality categorization and distributed to all parents of newborns, 12-24 h postpartum, over 45 consecutive days...
September 30, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Lili Tian, Luyang Pi, E S Huebner, Minmin Du
Based on the relation between gratitude and general subjective well-being (SWB), and Basic Psychological Needs Theory (Ryan and Deci, 2000), the present study's aim was to use structural equation modeling to test the multiple mediational roles of the satisfaction of three basic psychological needs at school in accounting for the association between gratitude and SWB in school (school satisfaction, school affect) in adolescents. A total of 881 Chinese adolescents (427 males; Mean age = 12.97) completed a multi-measure questionnaire that tapped the targeted variables...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
John D Kelly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 29, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Microorganisms Editorial Office
The editors of Microorganisms would like to express their sincere gratitude to the following reviewers for assessing manuscripts in 2015. [...].
January 25, 2016: Microorganisms
Milka Kostic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 22, 2016: Cell Chemical Biology
Xavier Oriol, Alberto Amutio, Michelle Mendoza, Silvia Da Costa, Rafael Miranda
OBJECTIVE: Emotional creativity (EC) implies experiencing a complex emotional life, which is becoming increasingly necessary in societies that demand innovation and constant changes. This research studies the relation of EC as a dispositional trait with intrinsic motivation (IM) and academic engagement (AE). METHODS: A sample of 428 university Chilean students, 36.5% men and 63.5% women, with ages from 18 to 45 years-old (M = 20.37; DT = 2.71). Additionally, the mediating function of class-related positive emotions in this relation is explored...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Marina Picciotto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 7, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Vivian W M Mak, Samuel M Y Ho, Regina W Y Kwong, W L Li
With increasing evidence suggesting a disparity in female and male offenders in terms of rehabilitative needs, growing concern has been placed on the development of gender-specific services for female offenders. As such, a prison-based psychological gymnasium (PSY GYM), with distinctive features in integrating cognitive-behavioral and positive-psychology concepts to address female offenders' needs, was set up in 2011. The present study aims to introduce the concept as well as present findings to evaluate the overall effectiveness of PSY GYM...
September 7, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Barbara Loera, Mara Martini, Sara Viotti, Daniela Converso
Social support is an important resource for reducing the risks of stress and burnout at work. It seems to be particularly helpful for educational and social professionals. The constant and intense relationships with users that characterize this kind of service can be very demanding, increasing stress and leading to burnout. While significant attention has been paid to supervisors and colleagues in the literature, users have rarely been considered as possible sources of social support. The only exception is the Zimmermann et al...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Microarrays Editorial Office
The editors of Microarrays would like to express their sincere gratitude to the following reviewers for assessing manuscripts in 2015. [...].
2016: Microarrays
(no author information available yet)
The European Federation for Medical Informatics (EFMI) Association is the leading organisation in medical informatics in Europe as a federation of national societies of 30 countries. EFMI is organized as a non-profit organization concerned with the theory and practice of information science and technology within health and health science in a European context. The objectives of the EFMI are: • To advance international co-operation and dissemination of information in medical informatics at the European level; • To promote high standards in the application of medical informatics; • To promote research and development in medical informatics; • To encourage high standards in education in medical informatics; • To function as the autonomous European Regional Council of IMIA...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Sara B Algoe, Laura E Kurtz, Nicole M Hilaire
Although positive emotions as a class can build interpersonal resources, recent evidence suggests a unique and direct role for gratitude. In the current research, we shine the spotlight on what happens between a grateful person and the benefactor to illuminate what can build a bridge between them. Specifically, we draw on work calling gratitude an "other-praising" emotion. In an original study and a conceptual replication that included two independent samples, couples had video-recorded conversations in which one member expressed gratitude to the other (n = 370)...
September 2016: Social Psychological and Personality Science
Shelley Gower, Ravani Duggan, Jaya A R Dantas, Duncan Boldy
BACKGROUND: International clinical placements are common in preregistration nursing programs in Australian universities to enhance awareness of cultural needs and global health issues. Yet, little is known about the motivations and expectations of nursing students who choose to participate. METHOD: Using a qualitative exploratory design, individual semistructured interviews were undertaken with 52 preregistration final-year nursing students from four Western Australian universities 2 weeks prior to departure to the developing countries of Tanzania, Thailand, the Philippines, Cambodia, and India...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Education
Julie Vieselmeyer, Jeff Holguin, Amy Mezulis
Objective: This study investigated the role of resilience and gratitude in the relationship between trauma exposure, posttraumatic stress (PTS), and posttraumatic growth (PTG) following the campus shooting at Seattle Pacific University. The prevalence of community traumatic events such as school shootings has increased dramatically in the last decade. However, a significant number of individuals report positive changes such as enhanced appreciation for life, suggesting that some people are able to convert adverse experiences into personal growth...
August 22, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
Katia G Reinert, Jacquelyn C Campbell, Karen Bandeen-Roche, Jerry W Lee, Sarah Szanton
The purpose of this study was to determine the role of religious involvement and related indicators - religious coping, intrinsic religiosity, forgiveness and gratitude - in reducing the negative impact of early traumatic stress on the mental and physical health of adult survivors. Multiple linear regressions were used to analyze self-reported data of 10,283 Seventh-day Adventist men and women across North America. The study also included an original analysis on a subsample (n = 496) of the larger group, examining diabetes risk factors in conjunction with Adverse Childhood Events (ACE) data...
2016: Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma
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