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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245061/risk-and-prognosis-of-cancer-after-upper-extremity-deep-venous-thrombosis-a-population-based-cohort-study
#1
Kasper Adelborg, Erzsébet Horváth-Puhó, Jens Sundbøll, Paolo Prandoni, Anne Ording, Henrik Toft Sørensen
INTRODUCTION: The association between lower-extremity venous thrombosis and cancer is well-established. However, the extent to which upper-extremity deep venous thrombosis (U-DVT) is a marker of cancer and a prognostic factor for all-cause mortality remains poorly understood. We examined the risk of cancer after a diagnosis of U-DVT compared with cancer risk in the general population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using Danish nationwide population-based medical registries, we identified all patients with first-time U-DVT during 1980-1993 and 2000-2013...
November 22, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244991/cancer-trends-in-mexico-essential-data-for-the-creation-and-follow-up-of-public-policies
#2
Alejandro Mohar-Betancourt, Nancy Reynoso-Noverón, Daniel Armas-Texta, Cristina Gutiérrez-Delgado, Juan A Torres-Domínguez
Purpose Cancer in a country like Mexico is a challenge for the current health system and for public health. However, the statistics about cancer in Mexico are scarce, so epidemiologic surveillance needs to be improved. The objectives of this article were to describe the extent of cancer and to estimate the national burden of cancer through 2020. Materials and Methods To meet this objective, an analysis of secondary official sources was performed. The cancer cases through 2020 were estimated on the basis of trends in mortality and the projection of incident cases reported by GLOBOCAN...
December 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244822/alcohol-consumption-and-breast-cancer-specific-and-all-cause-mortality-in-women-diagnosed-with-breast-cancer-at-the-new-york-site-of-the-breast-cancer-family-registry
#3
Nur Zeinomar, Ashley Thai, Ann J Cloud, Jasmine A McDonald, Yuyan Liao, Mary Beth Terry
PURPOSE: Alcohol consumption is an established and important risk factor for breast cancer incidence in the general population. However, the relationship between alcohol and mortality among women with breast cancer is less clear. This study examines the effect of alcohol consumption on mortality in women affected with breast cancer at baseline from a high-risk family breast and ovarian cancer registry. METHODS: We studied 1116 women affected with breast cancer at baseline from the Metropolitan New York Registry...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244265/herpes-zoster-and-dementia-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#4
Vincent Chin-Hung Chen, Shu-I Wu, Kuo-You Huang, Yao-Hsu Yang, Ting-Yu Kuo, Hsin-Yi Liang, Kuan-Lun Huang, Michael Gossop
OBJECTIVE: Some infectious diseases have been found to be associated with cognitive impairment and dementia. However, the relationship between herpes zoster and dementia has received little attention. This study aimed to investigate this association as well as associations of antiviral treatments for herpes zoster and incident dementia using a large national sample. METHODS: Cases were identified from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database with a new diagnosis of herpes zoster (ICD-9-CM code: 053) between 1997 and 2013...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242184/sex-differences-in-treatments-relative-survival-and-excess-mortality-following-acute-myocardial-infarction-national-cohort-study-using-the-swedeheart-registry
#5
Oras A Alabas, Chris P Gale, Marlous Hall, Mark J Rutherford, Karolina Szummer, Sofia Sederholm Lawesson, Joakim Alfredsson, Bertil Lindahl, Tomas Jernberg
BACKGROUND: This study assessed sex differences in treatments, all-cause mortality, relative survival, and excess mortality following acute myocardial infarction. METHODS AND RESULTS: A population-based cohort of all hospitals providing acute myocardial infarction care in Sweden (SWEDEHEART [Swedish Web System for Enhancement and Development of Evidence-Based Care in Heart Disease Evaluated According to Recommended Therapies]) from 2003 to 2013 was included in the analysis...
December 14, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241716/dog-ownership-and-mortality-in-england-a-pooled-analysis-of-six-population-based-cohorts
#6
Ding Ding, Adrian E Bauman, Cathie Sherrington, Paul D McGreevy, Kate M Edwards, Emmanuel Stamatakis
INTRODUCTION: Dog ownership may be associated with reduced risk for cardiovascular disease. However, data are scant on the relationship between dog ownership and all-cause and cause-specific mortality risk. METHODS: Data from six separate cohorts (1995-1997, 2001-2002, 2004) of the Health Survey for England were pooled and analyzed in 2017. Participants were 59,352 adults (mean age 46.5, SD=17.9 years) who consented to be linked to the National Death Registry. Living in a household with a dog was reported at baseline...
December 11, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241615/provision-of-medical-supply-kits-to-improve-quality-of-antenatal-care-in-mozambique-a-stepped-wedge-cluster-randomised-trial
#7
Ana Pilar Betrán, Eduardo Bergel, Sally Griffin, Armando Melo, My Huong Nguyen, Alicia Carbonell, Santos Mondlane, Mario Merialdi, Marleen Temmerman, A Metin Gülmezoglu
BACKGROUND: High levels of maternal and newborn mortality and morbidity remain a daunting reality in many low-income countries. Several interventions delivered during antenatal care have been shown to improve maternal and newborn outcomes, but stockouts of medical supplies at point of care can prevent implementation of these services. We aimed to evaluate whether a supply chain strategy based on the provision of kits could improve quality of care. METHODS: We did a pragmatic, stepped-wedge, cluster-randomised controlled trial at ten antenatal care clinics in Mozambique...
January 2018: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241475/israeli-national-policy-for-carbapenem-resistant-enterobacteriaceae-screening-carrier-isolation-and-discontinuation-of-isolation
#8
Ester Solter, Amos Adler, Bina Rubinovitch, Elizabeth Temkin, David Schwartz, Debby Ben-David, Samira Masarwa, Yehuda Carmeli, Mitchell J Schwaber
Since 2006, Israel has been confronting an outbreak of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE), and in 2007 Israel implemented a national strategy to contain spread. The intervention was initially directed toward acute-care hospitals and later expanded to include an established reservoir of carriage in long-term-care hospitals. It included regular reporting of CRE cases to a central registry and daily oversight of management of the outbreak at the institutional level. Microbiological methodologies were standardized in clinical laboratories nationwide...
December 15, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240564/evaluating-different-criteria-for-defining-a-complete-ambulatory-blood-pressure-monitoring-recording-data-from-the-jackson-heart-study
#9
Samantha G Bromfield, John N Booth, Matthew S Loop, Joseph E Schwartz, Samantha R Seals, Stephen J Thomas, Yuan-I Min, Gbenga Ogedegbe, Daichi Shimbo, Paul Muntner
OBJECTIVE: We determined differences in the prevalence of blood pressure (BP) phenotypes and the association of these phenotypes with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) for individuals who fulfilled and did not fulfill various criteria used for defining a complete ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) recording. METHODS: We analyzed data for 1141 participants from the Jackson Heart Study. Criteria evaluated included having greater than or equal to 80% of planned readings with more than or equal to one reading per hour (Spanish ABPM Registry criteria), more than or equal to 70% of planned readings with a minimum of 20 daytime and seven nighttime readings (2013 European Society of Hypertension criteria), greater than or equal to 14 daytime and greater than or equal to seven nighttime readings (2003 European Society of Hypertension criteria), more than or equal to 10 daytime and more than or equal to 5 nighttime readings (International Database of Ambulatory Blood Pressure in Relation to Cardiovascular Outcome criteria), and greater than or equal to 14 daytime readings (UK National Institute of Health and Clinical Excellence criteria)...
December 13, 2017: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239571/spatial-temporal-analysis-of-prostate-cancer-incidence-from-the-pennsylvania-cancer-registry-2000-2011
#10
Ming Wang, Stephen A Matthews, Khaled Iskandarani, Yimei Li, Zheng Li, Vernon M Chinchilli, Lijun Zhang
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer diagnosed among males, and the incidence in Pennsylvania, USA is considerably higher than nationally. Knowledge of regional differences and time trends in prostate cancer incidence may contribute to a better understanding of aetiologic factors and racial disparities in outcomes, and to improvements in preventive intervention and screening efforts. We used Pennsylvania Cancer Registry data on reported prostate cancer diagnoses between 2000 and 2011 to study the regional distribution and temporal trends of prostate cancer incidence in both Pennsylvania White males and Philadelphia metropolitan area Black males...
November 28, 2017: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238796/sources-of-parent-offspring-resemblance-for-major-depression-in-a-national-swedish-extended-adoption-study
#11
Kenneth S Kendler, Henrik Ohlsson, Kristina Sundquist, Jan Sundquist
Importance: Twin studies have assessed sibling resemblance for major depression (MD) but cannot address sources of resemblance across generations. Objective: To clarify the relative importance of genetic and rearing effects on the parent-offspring resemblance for MD. Design: This Swedish population register-based study examined parents and children from the following 5 family types: intact (2 041 816 offspring), adoptive (14 104 offspring), not-lived-with (NLW) father (116 601 offspring), stepfather (67 826 offspring), and triparental (29 205 offspring)...
December 13, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238225/validity-and-completeness-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-diagnoses-in-the-nationwide-danbio-clinical-register-and-the-danish-national-patient-registry
#12
Else Helene Ibfelt, Jan Sørensen, Dorte V Jensen, Lene Dreyer, Berit Schiøttz-Christensen, Pia H Thygesen, Ada Colic, Johnny L Raun, Natalia Manilo, Anne Rødgaard, Uta E Poulsen, Claus Rasmussen, Torben Hansen, Babara Unger, Randi Pelck, Anita Kincses, Henrik Nordin, Tove Lorenzen, Ali Theibich, Inger Marie Jensen Hansen, Jakob Espesen, Jolanta Grydehøj, Mette Holland-Fischer, Anne Gitte Loft, Merete Lund Hetland
Objectives: In Denmark, patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are registered in the nationwide clinical DANBIO quality register and the Danish National Patient Registry (DNPR). The aim was to study the validity of the RA diagnosis and to estimate the completeness of relevant RA cases in each registry. Study design and setting: Patients registered for the first time in 2011 with a diagnosis of RA were identified in DANBIO and DNPR in January 2013. For DNPR, filters were applied to reduce false-positive cases...
2017: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236892/joinville-stroke-biobank-study-protocol-and-first-year-s-results
#13
Leslie Ecker Ferreira, Paulo Henrique Condeixa de França, Vivian Nagel, Vanessa Venancio, Juliana Safanelli, Felipe Ibiapina Dos Reis, Luis Furtado, Rui Kleber Martins, Gustavo Weiss, Elder Oda, Iscia Lopes-Cendes, Octavio Pontes-Neto, Norberto Luiz Cabral
Aiming to contribute to studies that use detailed clinical and genomic information of biobanks, we present the initial results of the first Latin American Stroke Biobank. METHODS: Blood samples were collected from patients included in the Joinville Stroke Registry and four Brazilian cities. Demographic socio-economic data, cardiovascular risk factors, Causative Classification System for Ischemic Stroke, Trial of Org 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment and National Institutes of Health scores, functional stroke status (modified Rankin) and brain images were recorded...
December 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233331/the-society-of-thoracic-surgeons-adult-cardiac-surgery-database-2018-update-on-outcomes-and-quality
#14
Richard S D'Agostino, Jeffrey P Jacobs, Vinay Badhwar, Felix G Fernandez, Gaetano Paone, David W Wormuth, David M Shahian
Through nearly 3 decades of iterative refinement, The Society of Thoracic Surgeons Adult Cardiac Surgery Database has evolved into one of the most comprehensive and respected clinical data registries in health care. It is a widely acknowledged exemplar for accurately benchmarking risk-adjusted outcomes in cardiac surgery and underpins all quality measurement and improvement activities of The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. This is the latest in a series of annual reports that outlines current national aggregate outcomes and volume trends in cardiac surgery and summarizes database-related work in quality measurement and performance improvement during the past year...
January 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233168/a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-of-economic-evaluation-studies-conducted-on-neonatal-systemic-infections-in-south-asia
#15
Shruti Murthy, Denny John, Isadora Perpetual Godinho, Myron Anthony Godinho, Vasudeva Guddattu, N Sreekumaran Nair
BACKGROUND: Neonatal systemic infections and their consequent impairments give rise to long-lasting health, economic and social effects on the neonate, the family and the nation. Considering the dearth of consolidated economic evidence in this important area, this systematic review aims to critically appraise and consolidate the evidence on economic evaluations of management of neonatal systemic infections in South Asia. METHODS: Full and partial economic evaluations, published in English, associated with the management of neonatal systemic infections in South Asia will be included...
December 12, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232466/real-world-evidence-in-the-treatment-of-ovarian-cancer
#16
E A Eisenhauer
Introduction: 'Real-world evidence (RWE)' refers to information on the utilization and outcome of new therapies and technologies in clinical practice. RWE may include single institution cohort studies, population-based health services studies, or (inter)national data on survival and mortality. This paper reviews RWE on the impact of treatment in ovarian cancer. Materials and methods: A literature review of publications addressing population level survival outcomes of new surgical and systemic treatment interventions in ovarian cancer was undertaken...
November 1, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229741/accuracy-of-blood-pressure-measurement-devices-in-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-of-validation-studies
#17
Natalie A Bello, Jonathan J Woolley, Kirsten Lawrence Cleary, Louise Falzon, Bruce S Alpert, Suzanne Oparil, Gary Cutter, Ronald Wapner, Paul Muntner, Alan T Tita, Daichi Shimbo
The accurate measurement of blood pressure (BP) in pregnancy is essential to guide medical decision making that affects both mother and fetus. The aim of this systematic review was to determine the accuracy of ambulatory, home, and clinic BP measurement devices in pregnant women. We searched Ovid MEDLINE, The Cochrane Library, EMBASE, CINAHL EBSCO, Clinicaltrials.gov, International Clinical Trials Registry Platform, and dabl from inception through August 3, 2017 for articles that assessed the validity of an upper arm BP measurement device against a mercury sphygmomanometer in pregnant women...
December 11, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229589/the-effect-of-group-support-psychotherapy-delivered-by-trained-lay-health-workers-for-depression-treatment-among-people-with-hiv-in-uganda-protocol-of-a-pragmatic-cluster-randomized-trial
#18
Etheldreda Nakimuli-Mpungu, Seggane Musisi, Kizito Wamala, James Okello, Sheila Ndyanabangi, Ramin Mojtabai, Jean Nachega, Ofir Harari, Edward Mills
BACKGROUND: There is limited information on the effectiveness of task shifting of mental health services in populations with HIV. OBJECTIVE: This trial aims to evaluate the effectiveness of group support psychotherapy delivered by trained lay health workers to persons living with HIV (PLWH) with depression in primary care. METHODS: Thirty eligible primary care health centers across three districts were randomly allocated to have their lay health workers trained to deliver group support psychotherapy (intervention arm) or group HIV education and treatment as usual (control arm) to PLWH with depression...
December 11, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228927/treatment-with-botulinum-toxin-a-in-a-total-population-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-retrospective-cohort-registry-study
#19
Maria Franzén, Gunnar Hägglund, Ann Alriksson-Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Botulinum toxin A (BTX-A) has been used to reduce spasticity in children with cerebral palsy (CP) for decades. The purpose of this study was to analyze to what extent BTX-A treatment was used to treat spasticity in a total population of children with CP. We investigated 1) the use of BTX-A in relation to age, sex, and Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) level, 2) the most common muscle groups treated with BTX-A in relation to the same variables, and 3) changes in the proportions of children treated with BTX-A between two time points (2010 and 2015)...
December 11, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226335/cancer-incidence-in-northern-thailand-results-from-six-population-based-cancer-registries-1993-2012
#20
Donsuk Pongnikorn, Karnchana Daoprasert, Narate Waisri, Mathieu Laversanne, Freddie Bray
Rapid changes in social and economic development have led to cancer becoming a major cause of national morbidity and mortality in Thailand. Cancer registries have been critical in documenting subnational cancer patterns and transitions in the country; with the establishment of six registries in northern Thailand, a comprehensive assessment of the scale and profile of cancer is now possible in the region. Cancers of the liver, lung, colorectum, breast and cervix were the major cancers 2008-12, although variations in the profiles of cancer were observed, with a very high incidence of liver cancer seen among males in Phrae, corresponding to one in 11 men developing the disease in a lifetime...
December 11, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
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