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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684654/epidemiology-of-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-a-french-national-incidence-and-mid-term-survival-rate-study
#1
Gérald Luc, Valentine Baert, Joséphine Escutnaire, Michael Genin, Christian Vilhelm, Christophe Di Pompéo, Carlos El Khoury, Nicolas Segal, Eric Wiel, Frédéric Adnet, Karim Tazarourte, Pierre-Yves Gueugniaud, Hervé Hubert
Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is considered an important public health issue but its incidence has not been examined in France. The aim of this study is to define the incidence of OHCA in France and to compare this to other neighbouring countries. Data were extracted from the French OHCA registry. Only exhaustive centres during the period from January 1, 2013, to September 30, 2014 were included. All patients were included, regardless of their age and cause of OHCA. The participating centres covered about 10% of the French population...
April 20, 2018: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684185/factors-associating-with-differences-in-the-incidence-of-renal-replacement-therapy-among-elderly-data-from-the-era-edta-registry
#2
Jaakko Helve, Anneke Kramer, Jose M Abad-Diez, Cecile Couchoud, Gabriel de Arriba, Johan de Meester, Marie Evans, Florence Glaudet, Carola Grönhagen-Riska, James G Heaf, Visnja Lezaic, Maurizio Nordio, Runolfur Palsson, Ülle Pechter, Halima Resic, Rafael Santamaria, Carmen Santiuste de Pablos, Ziad A Massy, Óscar Zurriaga, Kitty J Jager, Patrik Finne
Background: The incidence of renal replacement therapy (RRT) in the general population ≥75 years of age varies considerably between countries and regions in Europe. Our aim was to study characteristics and survival of elderly RRT patients and to find explanations for differences in RRT incidence. Methods: Patients ≥75 years of age at the onset of RRT in 2010-2013 from 29 national or regional registries providing data to the European Renal Association-European Dialysis and Transplant Association Registry were included...
April 18, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683803/is-cemented-or-cementless-femoral-stem-fixation-more-durable-in-patients-older-than-75-years-of-age-a-comparison-of-the-best-performing-stems
#3
Michael Tanzer, Stephen E Graves, Andrea Peng, Andrew J Shimmin
BACKGROUND: There is ongoing debate concerning the best method of femoral fixation in older patients receiving primary THA. Clinical studies have shown high survivorship for cemented and cementless femoral stems. Arthroplasty registry studies, however, have universally shown that cementless stems are associated with a higher rate of revision in this patient population. It is unclear if the difference in revision rate is a reflection of the range of implants being used for these procedures rather than the mode of fixation...
April 9, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683791/is-clinical-assessment-of-addiction-severity-of-individuals-with-substance-use-disorder-using-the-addiction-severity-index-a-predictor-of-future-inpatient-mental-health-hospitalization-a-nine-year-registry-study
#4
Mojgan Padyab, Bengt-Åke Armelius, Kerstin Armelius, Siv Nyström, Björn Blom, Ann-Sofie Grönlund, Lena Lundgren
OBJECTIVE: In Sweden, the Addiction Severity Index (ASI) is the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare's recommended substance use disorder (SUD) assessment tool and used routinely for patient intakes. Our study of 213 individuals assessed for SUD with the ASI, used nine years of the National Patient Register, and examined if clinical social workers' assessments of addiction severity at baseline were associated with later hospitalizations for mental health disorder (MHD). METHODS: ASI Composite Scores (CS) and Interviewer severity rating were used to measure client's problems in seven areas (mental health, family and social relationships, alcohol, drug use, health and legal) at baseline...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681178/-the-significance-of-ecg-recorded-at-hospitalization-in-determining-the-prognosis-of-patients-treated-with-myocardial-infarction
#5
András Jánosi, Péter Ofner, János Tomcsányi, Gábor Müller, Richárd Hável, Asma Réka Soczó, Timea Váradi, Tamás Ferenci
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: By using the database of the National Registry of Myocardial Infarction, the authors examine the prognosis of patients treated with acute myocardial infarction, in case of whom there was new or presumably new left bundle branch block (nLBBB) on the ECG recorded at hospitalization. METHOD: We recorded the details of 18 091 patients treated with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) between 1 January 2014 and 30 June 2015 in the National Registry of Myocardial Infarction...
April 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680182/changing-trends-in-age-and-stage-of-colorectal-cancer-presentation-in-ireland-from-the-nineties-to-noughties-and-beyond
#6
M F Ullah, C A Fleming, K Mealy
BACKGROUND: Recent studies report incidence of colorectal (CRC) in younger adults (<50 years old) is increasing, and these patients are more likely to present with advanced disease. We performed a population-based analysis of these trends in an Irish population. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed of all patients with histologically confirmed CRC in Ireland, using data from the National Cancer Registry of Ireland (NCRI) [1994-2012, inclusive]. Trends in age-adjusted CRC incidence and stage at presentation were tabulated...
April 18, 2018: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680172/optimal-timing-of-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-patients-with-non-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-complicated-by-acute-decompensated-heart-failure-from-the-korea-acute-myocardial-infarction-registry-national-institutes-of-health-kamir-nih
#7
Min Chul Kim, Myung Ho Jeong, Doo Sun Sim, Young Joon Hong, Ju Han Kim, Youngkeun Ahn, Tae Hoon Ahn, Ki Bae Seung, Dong-Joo Choi, Hyo-Soo Kim, Hyeon Cheol Gwon, In Whan Seong, Kyung Kuk Hwang, Shung Chull Chae, Seung Ho Hur, Kwang Soo Cha, Seok Kyu Oh, Jei Keon Chae
The optimal timing of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), complicated by acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF), is unclear. A total of 1,027 patients with NSTEMI complicated by ADHF who underwent successful PCI were analyzed using a Korean multicenter registry. All patients were divided into 4 groups by the timing of PCI: group 1 (PCI < 2 hour after admission, n = 149), group 2 (2 to 24 hours, n = 577), group 3 (24 to 72 hours, n = 189), and group 4 (≥72 hours, n = 112)...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679517/urogenital-function-three-years-after-abdominoperineal-excision-for-rectal-cancer
#8
Anna Ledebo, David Bock, Mattias Prytz, Eva Haglind, Eva Angenete
AIM: The aim of this study was to explore urogenital dysfunction and associated risk factors after treatment of rectal cancer, in a large national cohort of patients three years after abdominoperineal excision and to compare outcomes with a reference population and a cohort of patients operated for prostate cancer. METHOD: Patients treated with abdominoperineal excision 2007-2009 were identified using the Swedish ColoRectal Cancer Registry. All consenting patients received a questionnaire...
April 21, 2018: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677955/compatibility-between-metadata-standards-import-pipeline-of-cdisc-odm-to-the-samply-mdr
#9
Ann-Kristin Kock-Schoppenhauer, Hannes Ulrich, Stefanie Wagen-Zink, Petra Duhm-Harbeck, Josef Ingenerf, Philipp Neuhaus, Martin Dugas, Philipp Bruland
The establishment of a digital healthcare system is a national and community task. The Federal Ministry of Education and Research in Germany is providing funding for consortia consisting of university hospitals among others participating in the "Medical Informatics Initiative". Exchange of medical data between research institutions necessitates a place where meta information for this data is made accessible. Within these consortia different metadata registry solutions were chosen. To promote interoperability between these solutions, we have examined whether the portal of Medical Data Models is eligible for managing and communicating metadata and relevant information across different data integration centres of the Medical Informatics Initiative and beyond...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677069/evolution-of-deceased-organ-donation-activity-vs-efficiency-over-a-15-year-period-an-international-comparison
#10
Julius Weiss, Andreas Elmer, Beatriz Mahíllo, Beatriz Domínguez-Gil, Danica Avsec, Alessandro Nanni Costa, Bernadette J J M Haase-Kromwijk, Karim Laouabdia, Franz F Immer
BACKGROUND: The donation rate (DR) per million population is not ideal for an efficiency comparison of national deceased organ donation programs. The DR does not account for variabilities in the potential for deceased donation which mainly depends on fatalities from causes leading to brain death. In this study, the donation activity was put into relation to the mortality from selected causes. Based on that metric, this study assesses the efficiency of different donation programs. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of 2001-2015 deceased organ donation and mortality registry data...
April 19, 2018: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676004/rapidly-changing-myeloma-epidemiology-in-the-general-population-increased-incidence-older-patients-and-longer-survival
#11
REVIEW
Ingemar Turesson, Magnus Bjorkholm, Cecilie Hveding Blimark, Sigurdur Kristinsson, Ramon Velez, Ola Landgren
The incidence of multiple myeloma is characterized by a steep increase with advancing age. Dramatic improvements in survival have been reported in clinical trials; however, elderly patients are generally underrepresented in these. The aims of this study are to review patterns of incidence and survival in multiple myeloma in the general population. We searched PubMed for population-based studies on trends in incidence and survival published between January 1, 2000 and June 30, 2017 and based on regional or national cancer registries and report the following results of the review...
April 20, 2018: European Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676000/the-2016-hiv-diagnosis-and-care-cascade-in-new-south-wales-australia-meeting-the-unaids-90-90-90-targets
#12
Phillip Keen, Richard T Gray, Barbara Telfer, Rebecca Guy, Heather-Marie Schmidt, Bill Whittaker, Jo Holden, Martin Holt, Anthony Kelleher, David Wilson, Denton Callander, David A Cooper, Garrett Prestage, Christine Selvey, Andrew E Grulich
INTRODUCTION: The HIV Strategy in New South Wales (NSW) Australia aims to virtually eliminate HIV transmission by 2020. We estimated the 2016 HIV diagnosis and care cascade for the state of NSW, with a focus on introducing population-based data to improve data quality and assess progress towards the UNAIDS 90-90-90 targets. METHODS: To estimate the number of people living with diagnosed HIV (PLDHIV) we used NSW data from the Australian National HIV Registry, enhanced by surveillance among people recently diagnosed with HIV to improve migration estimates...
April 2018: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675632/factors-affecting-mortality-and-reoperations-in-high-energy-pelvic-fractures
#13
Peyman Bakhshayesh, Lars Weidenhielm, Anders Enocson
AIM: Factors affecting mortality during the first year following high-energy pelvic fractures has not been reported previously. Nor has surgical complications leading to reoperations been reported in a cohort with only high-energy pelvic trauma patients. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to report and analyse factors affecting outcome, in terms of mortality and reoperations, up to 1 year after the injury in patients with a traumatic pelvic ring injury due to a high-energy trauma...
April 19, 2018: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675491/hypertensive-disorders-of-in-vitro-fertilization-pregnancies-a-study-from-kosovo
#14
Merita Vuniqi-Krasniqi, Myrvete Paçarada, Qëndresë Daka, Zeqir Dervishi, Astrit Bimbashi, Kushtrim Dakaj
Background: Relationships between in-vitro fertilization (IVF), gestational hypertension, and pregnancy outcomes are demonstrated in a number of studies. However, it is still debated if IVF treatment or specific characteristics of infertile patients are responsible for worse obstetrical and neonatal outcomes. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate maternal characteristics associated with hypertensive disorders (HD) in IVF conceived pregnancies and to assess the obstetrical and neonatal outcomes...
February 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674230/association-of-herbal-botanic-supplement-use-with-quality-of-life-recurrence-and-survival-in-newly-diagnosed-stage-ii-colon-cancer-patients-a-2-y-follow-up-study
#15
Qiran Chen, Pengcheng Xun, Cari Lewis Tsinovoi, Beate Henschel, Alyce D Fly, Ka He
OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to investigate the association between herbal/botanic supplement use and perceived quality of life (QoL), cancer recurrence, and all-cause mortality in colon cancer patients. METHODS: Patients (n = 453) newly diagnosed with stage II adenocarcinoma of the colon between 2009 and 2011 were recruited from the North Carolina Central Cancer Registry. Data including demographic variables, herbal medicine use and frequency, lifestyle, diet, cancer treatment, and QoL were collected by interviews at diagnosis (baseline) and 1 and 2 y after diagnosis...
February 13, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673756/hip-fracture-risk-in-patients-with-alcoholic-cirrhosis-a-population-based-study-using-english-and-danish-data
#16
H Otete, T Deleuran, K M Fleming, T R Card, G P Aithal, P Jepsen, J West
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Cirrhosis is a risk factor for osteoporosis and fractures. However, little is known of the actual risk of hip fractures in patients with alcoholic cirrhosis. Using linked primary and secondary care data from the English and Danish nationwide registries, we quantified the hip fracture risk in two national cohorts of patients with alcoholic cirrhosis. METHODS: We followed 3,706 English and 17,779 Danish patients with a diagnosis of alcoholic cirrhosis, and we identified matched controls from the general populations...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673266/level-of-agreement-between-medical-record-and-icd-10-am-coding-of-mental-health-alcohol-and-drug-conditions-in-trauma-patients
#17
Tu Q Nguyen, Pamela M Simpson, Sandra C Braaf, Peter A Cameron, Rodney Judson, Belinda J Gabbe
BACKGROUND: Despite the reliance on administrative data in epidemiological studies, there is little information on the completeness of co-morbidities in administrative data coded from medical records. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to quantify the agreement between the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, Australian Modification (ICD-10-AM) administrative coding of mental health, drug and alcohol co-morbidities and medical records in a severely injured patient population...
January 1, 2018: Health Information Management: Journal of the Health Information Management Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673077/maternal-factors-associated-with-offspring-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome
#18
Anne Z Steiner
In this Swedish national registry-based cohort study Valgeirsdottir et al. sought to determine the association between 1) in-utero exposures and 2) birth indices and the subsequent development of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) after age 15. To do this, they selected 681,123 girls, whose birth was recorded in the Swedish birth registry between 1982 and 1995. They followed the girls in the Swedish Patient Registry until 2010 for a diagnosis of PCOS using International Classification of Diseases (ICD) codes...
April 19, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672828/characteristics-of-children-less-than-2-years-of-age-undergoing-anaesthesia-in-denmark-2005-2015-a-national-observational-study
#19
C Strøm, A Afshari, L H Lundstrøm, N Lohse
There are few data available that describe the current anaesthetic management of children. We have analysed anaesthetic practice and peri-operative complications for children in Denmark aged less than two years. We conducted a population-based observational cohort study using the Danish Anaesthesia Database to identify children who received anaesthesia in hospital from 1 January 2005 until 31 December 2015. Data were combined with that from the Danish National Patient Registry and the Danish Civil Registration System...
April 19, 2018: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672354/regional-comparison-of-cancer-incidence-mortality-and-survival-on-the-level-of-federal-states-in-germany-using-funnel-plots
#20
Karla Geiss, Martin Meyer
Population-based cancer registries allow the assessment of regional differences in cancer burden. Comparative cancer statistics are usually reported as ranked bar charts and choropleth maps, which can lead to misinterpretations of the presented figures. The aim of the present study is a regional comparison of cancer statistics in Germany on the level of federal states using funnel plots. Population-based cancer registry data on incidence, mortality, and survival on the level of federal states for the year 2011 were used...
April 18, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
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