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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729378/very-early-great-saphenous-vein-graft-aneurysm-treated-by-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-under-chromaflo-imaging-guidance
#1
Tetsuo Yamaguchi, Takamichi Miyamoto, Kandoh Kawahatsu, Toshihiro Nozato
A 73-year-old man, who had undergone coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) 10 days prior, presented with a great saphenous vein graft aneurysm (SVGA). CT revealed the increasing size of the aneurysm. Since the SVGA occurred immediately after CABG and there were no other complications, the aneurysm was treated percutaneously. While intravascular ultrasonography (IVUS) and optical coherence tomography failed to detect the entry point, an IVUS catheter with the addition of ChromaFlo imaging clearly revealed the entry point, size and length of the SVGA...
July 19, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728480/safety-and-efficacy-of-stenting-nonthrombotic-iliac-vein-lesions-in-octogenarians-and-nonagenarians-in-an-office-setting
#2
Pavel Kibrik, Justin Eisenberg, Ahmad Alsheekh, Syed Ali Rizvi, Afsha Aurshina, Natalie Marks, Anil Hingorani, Enrico Ascher
Objectives Treatment options for venous insufficiency are rapidly evolving in the office setting and include venography, intravascular ultrasound, and venous stenting. Non-thrombotic iliac vein lesions assessment and treatment in an office setting is currently an area of interest. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the safety and efficacy of evaluating non-thrombotic iliac vein lesion with this office-based procedure in octogenarians and nonagenarians. Methods From January 2012 through December 2013, 300 non-thrombotic iliac vein lesion limbs in 192 patients with venous insufficiency ≥80 years old were evaluated for non-thrombotic iliac vein lesion...
January 1, 2017: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724126/comparative-outcomes-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-among-black-and-white-patients-treated-at-us-veterans-affairs-hospitals
#3
Taisei Kobayashi, Thomas J Glorioso, Ehrin J Armstrong, Thomas M Maddox, Mary E Plomondon, Gary K Grunwald, Steven M Bradley, Thomas T Tsai, Stephen W Waldo, Sunil V Rao, Subhash Banerjee, Brahmajee K Nallamothu, Deepak L Bhatt, A Garvey Rene, Robert L Wilensky, Peter W Groeneveld, Jay Giri
Importance: Current comparative outcomes among black and white patients treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the Veterans Affairs (VA) health system are not known. Objective: To compare outcomes between black and white patients undergoing PCI in the VA health system. Design, Setting, and Participants: This study compared black and white patients who underwent PCI between October 1, 2007, and September 30, 2013, at 63 VA hospitals using data recorded in the VA Clinical Assessment, Reporting, and Tracking System for Cardiac Catheterization Laboratories (CART-CL) program...
July 19, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720725/optical-coherence-tomography-findings-in-patients-with-coronary-stent-thrombosis-a-report-of-the-prevention-of-late-stent-thrombosis-by-an-interdisciplinary-global-european-effort-prestige-consortium
#4
Tom Adriaenssens, Michael Joner, Thea Godschalk, Nikesh Malik, Fernando Alfonso, Erion Xhepa, Dries De Cock, Kenichi Komukai, Tomohisa Tada, Javier Cuesta, Vasile Sirbu, Laurent J Feldman, Franz-Josef Neumann, Alison H Goodall, Ton Heestermans, Ian Buysschaert, Ota Hlinomaz, Ann Belmans, Walter Desmet, Jurrien M Ten Berg, Anthony H Gershlick, Steffen Massberg, Adnan Kastrati, Giulio Guagliumi, Robert Byrne
Background -Stent thrombosis (ST) is a serious complication following coronary stenting. Intravascular optical coherence tomography (OCT) may provide insights into mechanistic processes leading to ST. We performed a prospective, multicenter study to evaluate OCT findings in patients with ST. Methods -Consecutive patients presenting with ST were prospectively enrolled in a registry using a centralized telephone registration system. After angiographic confirmation of ST, OCT imaging of the culprit vessel was performed with frequency domain OCT...
July 18, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710605/current-clinical-applications-of-coronary-optical-coherence-tomography
#5
REVIEW
Teruyoshi Kume, Shiro Uemura
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an intra-coronary diagnostic technique that provides detailed imagings of blood vessels in the current cardiac catheterization laboratory. The higher resolution of OCT often provides superior delineation of each structure compared with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), and it can reliably visualize the microstructure of normal and diseased arteries. The capabilities of OCT are well suited for the identification of calcified plaque and neointima formation after stent implantation...
July 14, 2017: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689183/acute-thrombus-formation-on-phosphorilcholine-surface-modified-flow-diverters
#6
Miklos Marosfoi, Frederic Clarencon, Erin T Langan, Robert M King, Olivia W Brooks, Takamisu Tamura, John M Wainwright, Matthew J Gounis, Srinivasan Vedantham, Ajit S Puri
PURPOSE: Thromboembolic complications remain a limitation of flow diverting stents. We hypothesize that phosphorilcholine surface modified flow diverters (Pipeline Flex with Shield Technology, sPED) would have less acute thrombus formation on the device surface compared with the classic Pipeline Embolization device (cPED). METHODS: Elastase-induced aneurysms were created in 40 rabbits and randomly assigned to receive cPED or sPED devices with and without dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) (four groups, n=10/group)...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667809/coronary-artery-aneurysm-after-bioresorbable-scaffold-implantation
#7
Rodrigo V Wainstein, Gustavo N Araujo, Felipe H Valle, Marco V Wainstein
The clinical course of coronary artery aneurysms after drug-eluting stent implantation is variable. Some aneurysms naturally resolve, but some can lead to complications such as stent thrombosis. In order to avoid such complications, it is important to reduce as much as possible the chance of exposing causal factors, and intravascular imaging may be needed in order to accurately assess the results of stent deployment and apposition. In the presented case, intravascular imaging was shown to be useful in accurately assessing the results of bioresorbable stent deployment and apposition...
July 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664826/differences-in-vascular-response-between-balloon-overstretch-and-stent-overexpansion-in-nonatherosclerotic-porcine-coronary-arteries
#8
Yoshiaki Mitsutake, Jörg Reifart, Wook Bum Pyun, Jennifer K Lyons, Tobias Deuse, Sonja Schrepfer, Fumiaki Ikeno
Which preclinical models are best suited for restenosis research remains uncertain. Here we compared the restenotic responsesafter balloon or stent overstretch injury in a porcine coronary artery. A total of 30 coronary lesions in 5 pigs were treated by balloon overdilatation or oversized stent implantation at various balloon-to-artery (B:A) ratios. Four weeks later, the lesions were examined in vivo by using coronary angiography, intravascular ultrasound, and optical coherence tomography (OCT). At follow-up, the lumen area stenosis and plaque burden at the minimal lumen area site were greater in stented sites than in balloon injury site (lumen area stenosis, 21...
June 29, 2017: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657457/the-spectrum-of-spontaneous-coronary-artery-dissection-illustrated-review-of-the-literature
#9
Marian Vandamme, Julie De Backer, Tine De Backer, Benny Drieghe, Daniel Devos, Sofie Gevaert
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection or SCAD is a rare and challenging disease that is increasingly diagnosed. It is characterized by a non-traumatic, non-iatrogenic separation of the coronary artery wall and occurs predominantly in young and middle-aged women without traditional cardiovascular risk factors. SCAD is often associated with predisposing conditions such as the peripartum period, systemic inflammatory disease and heritable connective tissue disease. More recently, independent investigators have demonstrated an important association with fibromuscular dysplasia...
June 28, 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651809/interventional-cardiology-what-s-new
#10
REVIEW
Brian A Scansen
Interventional cardiology in veterinary medicine continues to expand beyond the standard 3 procedures of patent ductus arteriosus occlusion, balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty, and transvenous pacing. Opportunities for fellowship training; advances in equipment, including high-resolution digital fluoroscopy, real-time 3-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography, fusion imaging, and rotational angiography; ultrasound-guided access and vascular closure devices; and refinement of techniques, including cutting and high-pressure ballooning, intracardiac and intravascular stent implantation, septal defect occlusion, transcatheter valve implantation, and hybrid approaches, are likely to transform the field over the next decade...
June 23, 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648482/comparison-of-intravascular-ultrasound-and-centerline-computed-tomography-determined-aortic-diameters-during-thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair
#11
Sukgu M Han, Ramsey S Elsayed, Sung W Ham, Anuj Mahajan, Fernando Fleischman, Vincent L Rowe, Mark J Cunningham, Fred A Weaver
BACKGROUND: Accurate sizing of stent grafts during thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) is critical for a successful outcome. Centerline measurements using three-dimensional reconstruction of preoperative computed tomography angiography (CTA) is the current standard for stent graft sizing. However, this technique is predicated on an idealized straightened aorta and does not account for the variability in the aortic diameter during the cardiac cycle or the overall status of the patient's volume...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640875/percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-left-main-coronary-artery-disease-with-or-without-intravascular-ultrasound-a-meta-analysis
#12
Yicong Ye, Ming Yang, Shuyang Zhang, Yong Zeng
This meta-analysis compared IVUS-guided with angiography-guided PCI to determine the effect of IVUS on the mortality in patients with LM CAD. Current guidelines recommend intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-guided percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with left main coronary artery disease (LM CAD; Class IIa, level of evidence B). A systematic search of the MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases was conducted to identify randomized or non-randomized studies comparing IVUS-guided PCI with angiography-guided PCI in LM CAD...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606023/over-expansion-of-drug-eluting-stents-in-patients-with-left-main-coronary-artery-disease-an-in%C3%A2-vivo-study
#13
Yicong Ye, Hao Qian, Ming Yang, Xueqing Zhu, Tianpeng Gan, Shuyang Zhang, Yong Zeng
Objective We aimed to determine the capacity of drug-eluting stent (DES) over-expansion in left main coronary artery disease. Methods Left main interventions with the largest available DES platforms (4.0 mm) and post-dilation performed with large non-compliant balloons (≥ 4.5 mm) were included. Maximal stent diameter (mm) and area (mm(2)) were measured using post-intervention intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). Stent diameter and area were calculated with the balloon diameter and inflation pressure. The diameter and area expansion indices were defined as follows: maximal/calculated stent diameter and maximal/calculated stent area, respectively...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602923/successful-hybrid-neurovascular-surgery-for-a-ruptured-basilar-artery-dissecting-aneurysm-in-a-patient-with-jeopardized-collateral-circulation-associated-with-aortitis-syndrome-case-report
#14
Kazuaki Yamamoto, Takahisa Mori, Tsuyoshi Watanabe, Tomonori Iwata, Gakuji Gondo, Masahiko Tanaka, Satoshi Tanaka
BACKGROUND: Dissecting aneurysms of the basilar artery (BA) are rare lesions and the management of them has been controversial and challenging. The treatment becomes much more difficult when the patient has a disorder such as aortitis syndrome, which makes cerebral arteries occluded and tortuous. The authors describe a case of a ruptured BA dissecting aneurysm associated with aortitis syndrome, successfully treated with hybrid neurovascular surgery. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 64-year-old woman with a medical history of aortitis syndrome developed a severe headache and was diagnosed with a subarachnoid hemorrhage from a BA dissecting aneurysm...
June 8, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600019/safety-and-efficacy-outcomes-of-second-generation-everolimus-eluting-stents-in-octogenarians-compared-to-non-octogenarians
#15
Hironori Kitabata, Takashi Kubo, Kazuya Mori, Yasunori Yamamoto, Manabu Kashiwagi, Yu Arita, Takashi Tanimoto, Takashi Akasaka
BACKGROUND: In patients ≥80 years of age, the use of second-generation cobalt-chromium everolimus-eluting stents (CoCr-EES) versus bare-metal stents has been shown to reduce myocardial infarction (MI) and target vessel revascularization (TVR) rates, without an increase in bleeding. However, safety and efficacy of CoCr-EES in octogenarians compared to younger populations are less certain. We aimed to compare the clinical outcomes between octogenarian and non-octogenarian patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with CoCr-EES...
June 1, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592484/analysis-of-neointima-development-in-flow-diverters-using-optical-coherence-tomography-imaging
#16
Yoshikazu Matsuda, Joonho Chung, Demetrius K Lopes
BACKGROUND: Flow diverters are used for the treatment of intracranial aneurysms. Surface modification may decrease the thrombogenicity of flow diverters but the details are unknown. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an intravascular imaging test with high resolution which identifies neointimal growth over stents. We compared the development of neointima in a flow diverter and stents with and without surface modification in a swine model. METHODS: In this study we implanted four devices (two in each carotid artery) in four pigs...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581348/safety-and-efficacy-of-the-tryton-side-branch-stent%C3%A2-for-the-treatment-of-coronary-bifurcation-lesions-an-update
#17
Maik J Grundeken, Robbert J de Winter, Joanna J Wykrzykowska
Percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) involving coronary bifurcation lesions are associated with adverse outcomes compared with non-bifurcation lesions. The Tryton Side Branch Stent has been developed to improve clinical outcomes after bifurcation PCI. Areas covered: We will discuss observational data (clinical registries and intravascular imaging studies) and randomized data from the TRYTON trial (comparing Tryton [used in combination with a main branch drug-eluting stent (DES)] with side branch balloon angioplasty [in combination with a main branch DES; also referred to the provisional strategy])...
June 13, 2017: Expert Review of Medical Devices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581259/clinical-implication-of-optical-coherence-tomography-based-neoatherosclerosis
#18
REVIEW
Sung Jin Hong, Seung Yul Lee, Myeong Ki Hong
Recent research has indicated neoatherosclerosis (NA), the de novo development of atherosclerosis within the neointimal region of the stented segment after coronary stent implantation, as a mechanism of late/very late stent thrombosis (VLST) and restenosis. This research is based on histologic and intravascular imaging studies. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an imaging tool that is superior with regard to resolution capacity, and can be used to visualize detailed information about distinct morphological characteristics of the restenotic tissue...
July 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574042/-first-experience-with-intravascular-ultrasonographic-examination-in-diagnosis-of-post-traumatic-obstruction-of-deep-veins
#19
E V Shaĭdakov, O Ia Porembskaia, A G Grigorian, V L Bulatov, D A Rosukhovskiĭ
Intravascular ultrasonography (IVUS) is a highly effective method of diagnosis of post-thrombotic obstructions. Its possibilities by determining the degree and extension of obstructions of deep veins are superior to those of not only non-invasive methods of examination (ultrasonography, CT and MRI) but of phlebography whose results until recently were considered fundamental in diagnosis of the disease concerned. Limited possibilities of phlebography often lead to diagnostic errors when determining the degree and extension of post-thrombotic obstructions...
2017: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566599/simultaneous-idiopathic-dissections-of-the-coronary-and-superior-mesenteric-arteries
#20
Masato Nishi, Daisuke Sueta, Takashi Miyazaki, Kenji Sakamoto, Eiichiro Yamamoto, Yasuhiro Izumiya, Kenichi Tsujita, Sunao Kojima, Koichi Kaikita, Osamu Ikeda, Yasuyuki Yamashita, Seiji Hokimoto
A 49-year-old man complained of sudden upper abdominal pain but was not given a definitive diagnosis. The day after he was discharged, he noticed left chest pain. An in-depth electrocardiogram indicated acute myocardial infarction, and emergent coronary angiography revealed 99% stenosis of his left coronary artery. An intravascular ultrasound revealed spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD), and the lesion was successfully stented. In an atherosclerosis screening, superior mesenteric artery dissection (SMAD) was confirmed, after which the lesion was successfully stented...
2017: Internal Medicine
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