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Pathogens CRBSI

Marthie M Ehlers, Wilhelmina Strasheim, Michelle Lowe, Veronica Ueckermann, Marleen M Kock
Staphylococcus epidermidis is one of the most prevalent pathogens implicated in catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSI) at an academic hospital in Pretoria, South Africa. Little is known about the clonality and the prevalence of antibiotic resistance and virulence genes in S. epidermidis (e.g., ica AB, IS 256, mec A, and qac A/B). A total of 508 intravascular catheters (IVCs) from 331 patients were submitted for culture from May to October 2013. Only 50% ( n = 253/508) of the IVCs were accompanied by blood cultures (BCs) taken within 48 h...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
H Bouzidi, A Emirian, A Marty, E Chachaty, A Laplanche, B Gachot, F Blot
OBJECTIVES: Differential time to positivity of cultures of blood drawn simultaneously from central venous catheter and peripheral sites is widely used to diagnose catheter-related bloodstream infections without removing the catheter. However, the accuracy of this technique for some pathogens, such as Staphylococcus aureus, is debated in routine practice. METHODS: In a 320-bed reference cancer centre, the charts of patients with at least one blood culture positive for S...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Hospital Infection
Fernando Chaves, José Garnacho-Montero, José Luis Del Pozo, Emilio Bouza, José Antonio Capdevila, Marina de Cueto, M Ángeles Domínguez, Jaime Esteban, Nuria Fernández-Hidalgo, Marta Fernández Sampedro, Jesús Fortún, María Guembe, Leonardo Lorente, Jose Ramón Paño, Paula Ramírez, Miguel Salavert, Miguel Sánchez, Jordi Vallés
Catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSI) constitute an important cause of hospital-acquired infection associated with morbidity, mortality, and cost. The aim of these guidelines is to provide updated recommendations for the diagnosis and management of CRBSI in adults. Prevention of CRBSI is excluded. Experts in the field were designated by the two participating Societies (Sociedad Española de Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica and the Sociedad Española de Medicina Intensiva, Crítica y Unidades Coronarias)...
February 2018: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
F Chaves, J Garnacho-Montero, J L Del Pozo, E Bouza, J A Capdevila, M de Cueto, M Á Domínguez, J Esteban, N Fernández-Hidalgo, M Fernández Sampedro, J Fortún, M Guembe, L Lorente, J R Paño, P Ramírez, M Salavert, M Sánchez, J Vallés
Catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSI) constitute an important cause of hospital-acquired infection associated with morbidity, mortality, and cost. The aim of these guidelines is to provide updated recommendations for the diagnosis and management of CRBSI in adults. Prevention of CRBSI is excluded. Experts in the field were designated by the two participating Societies (the Spanish Society of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology and [SEIMC] and the Spanish Society of Spanish Society of Intensive and Critical Care Medicine and Coronary Units [SEMICYUC])...
January 2018: Medicina Intensiva
Y-M Lee, C Moon, Y J Kim, H J Lee, M S Lee, K-H Park
BACKGROUND: Gram-negative bacteria are increasingly the cause of catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI), and the prevalence of multi-drug-resistant strains is rising rapidly. This study evaluated the impact of delayed central venous catheter (CVC) removal on clinical outcomes in patients with Gram-negative CRBSI. METHODS: Between January 2007 and December 2016, patients with Gram-negative bacteraemia and CVC placement, from two tertiary care hospitals, were included retrospectively...
May 2018: Journal of Hospital Infection
Orawan Pichitchaipitak, Sineenuch Ckumdee, Siriluk Apivanich, Darunee Chotiprasitsakul, Prapimporn Chattranukulchai Shantavasinkul
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and predictive factors of catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs) acquired through a central venous catheter for delivery of home parenteral nutrition (HPN) therapy among a patient population in Thailand. METHODS: This retrospective review was conducted with adult patients with intestinal failure who received HPN from October 2002 to April 2014, at Ramathibodi Home Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition Referral Center in Bangkok...
February 2018: Nutrition
C Q Tang, J Q Li, B M Shou, B H Pan, T S Chen, Y Q Xiao, X P Zheng, S C Xiao, Q Tan, Z F Xia
OBJECTIVES: To determine the characteristics of bloodstream infections (BSIs) and to evaluate the impact of BSIs on mortality in severe burn patients. METHODS: A retrospective observational study was conducted in 20 tertiary hospitals. A total of 185 patients who experienced a massive dust explosion in eastern China were included. RESULTS: After exclusion, 177 patients were analysed. The median total body surface area (TBSA) burned was 95% (interquartile range 85%-98%)...
February 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
Rajeev Soman, Neha Gupta, Mitesh Suthar, Jatin Kothari, Alan Almeida, Anjali Shetty, Camilla Rodrigues
BACKGROUND: Central-line-associated blood-stream infection (CLABSI) is a highly consequential nosocomial infection. The most effective management includes the removal of the infected catheter. Retention of the catheter and antibiotic lock therapy (ALT) along with systemic antibiotics may be attempted only if there are unusual extenuating circumstances. CLABSIs due to Gram-negative bacteria (GNB) is more common in our setting and the organisms are often highly resistant. Hence, there is a need to explore the use of novel antimicrobials for catheter lock solutions along with antibiofilm agents...
February 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Esraa S Al-Tawil, Alanoud M Almuhareb, Hamdy M Amin
BACKGROUND/AIM: Parenteral nutrition (PN) is a lifesaving therapy for patients with many severe conditions, including intestinal failure. Some patients require long-term PN therapy, which makes home parenteral nutrition (HPN) an attractive option to improve the quality of life. Among the most common and serious complications observed in these patients are catheter-related blood stream infections (CRBSIs). The aim of our study is to determine the frequency of CRBSI among patients receiving long-term HPN...
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
Li Fang, Fan Wang, Kedai Sun, Tao Zhou, Yali Gong, Yizhi Peng
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of central venous catheter-related infection (CRI) in burn patients and its risk factors, so as to guide the clinical practice. METHODS: Clinical data of 5 026 days of 480 cases of central venous catheterization altogether in 228 burn patients admitted to our ward from June 2011 to December 2014, conforming to the study criteria, were retrospectively analyzed. (1) The incidence of CRI and that of catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) in patients (the infection rates per thousand days were calculated) and mortality due to them, and detection of concerning bacteria were recorded after each case of catheterization...
April 2016: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
Dan-ni Li, Chao He, Yuan-fang Wang, Mei Kang, Zhi-xing Chen, Yi Xie
OBJECTIVE: To determine thepathogen characteristics of catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI). METHODS: The clinical data of patients with CRBSI who were admitted in West China Hospital, Sichuan University during January 1, 2011 and October 15, 2014 were retrieved, along with findings of pathogen culture and drug susceptibility tests. RESULTS: Eighty-four strains of pathogens were isolated from 77 patients, which included 41 strains (48...
September 2015: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
L Zhang, J Gowardman, M Morrison, N Runnegar, C M Rickard
Catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) is one of the most serious complications in hospitalised patients, leading to increased hospitalisation, intensive care admissions, extensive antibiotic treatment and mortality. A greater understanding of these bacterial infections is needed to improve the prevention and the management of CRBSIs. We describe here the systematic culture-independent evaluation of intravascular catheter (IVC) bacteriology. Twelve IVCs (6 central venous catheters and 6 arterial catheters) were collected from 6 patients...
February 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Julie M Flynn, Samantha J Keogh, Nicole C Gavin
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine whether a variation in practice from an aseptic non-touch technique (ANTT) to a sterile technique when changing needleless connectors on central venous access devices (CVAD) was associated with any change in catheter related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) rates in the bone marrow transplant (BMT) population. METHODS: A two group comparative study without concurrent controls using a retrospective cohort was conducted in a large metropolitan hospital in Brisbane, Australia...
December 2015: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
Hong-mei Li
This paper on analysis pathogenic bacterial distribution of central veins Catheter-related Blood-Stream infection (CRBS) and clinical features of different infection. Ninety-one patients with CRBSI were selected, to analyze and research for etiological distribution, clinical characteristics, inflammatory markers and prognosis.Among the 91 cases, 31 cases were infected by Candida, accounting for 34.1%; 31 cases were infected by Gram-negative bacilli, accounting for 34.1%; 29 cases were infected by Gram-positive cocci, accounting for 31...
May 2015: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Jun Li, Li Yu, Junhui Yang, Ding Long, Yuanchao Zhang, Xiaofen Bu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the incidence and species distribution of catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) in intensive care unit (ICU) at our hospital and analyze the risk factors for CRBSI. METHODS: Hospitalized patients microbiologically diagnosed as CRBSI were recruited from January 2012 to June 2013. And the clinical data were collected retrospectively and analyzed by software IBM SPSS 19.0. RESULTS: Among 67 patients diagnosed as nosocomial CRBSI, 24 cases (35...
March 10, 2015: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
David Lebeaux, Véronique Leflon-Guibout, Jean-Marc Ghigo, Christophe Beloin
OBJECTIVES: Treatment of catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSI) is hampered by the characteristic tolerance of bacterial biofilms towards antibiotics. Our objective was to study the effect of the combination of antibiotics and the alkaline amino acid l-arginine or the cation chelator EDTA on the bacterial killing of in vitro biofilms formed by an array of clinical strains responsible for CRBSI and representative of epidemiologically relevant bacterial species. METHODS: Among 32 strains described in a previous clinical study, we focused on the most antibiotic-tolerant strains including CoNS (n = 4), Staphylococcus aureus (n = 4), Enterococcus faecalis (n = 2), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (n = 4) and Enterobacteriaceae (n = 4)...
2015: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Fuzheng Tao, Ronglin Jiang, Yingzi Chen, Renhui Chen
BACKGROUND: Catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) is a life-threatening condition encountered in patients with long-term central venous catheter (CVC) indwelling. The objective was to investigate the clinical characteristics, treatment, and prognosis of CRBSI in the intensive care unit (ICU) in a Chinese center, as well as the risk factors for early CRBSI. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 73 CRBSI patients were retrospectively studied in relation to patients' clinical and epidemiological data, microbiological culture, and treatment...
2015: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Wilhelmina Strasheim, Martha M Kock, Veronica Ueckermann, Ebrahim Hoosien, Andries W Dreyer, Marthie M Ehlers
BACKGROUND: The burden of catheter-related infections (CRIs) in developing countries is severe. In South Africa, a standardised surveillance definition does not exist and the collection of catheter days is challenging. The aim of the study was to provide baseline data on the prevalence of CRIs and to describe the epidemiology of CRI events within a tertiary academic hospital. METHODS: Surveillance was laboratory-based and conducted for a six month period. A microbiologically confirmed CRBSI (MC-CRBSI) event was defined as the isolation of the same microorganism from the catheter and concomitant blood cultures (BCs), within 48 h of catheter removal, which were not related to an infection at another site...
January 8, 2015: BMC Infectious Diseases
Hsing-Chen Tsai, Li-Min Huang, Luan-Yin Chang, Ping-Ing Lee, Jong-Ming Chen, Pei-Lan Shao, Po-Ren Hsueh, Wang-Huei Sheng, Yu-Ching Chang, Chun-Yi Lu
BACKGROUND: Central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) is a serious complication in hematology-oncology patients. This study aimed to analyze the prevalence of CLABSI and the effectiveness of antimicrobial lock therapy (ALT) in pediatric patients. METHODS: BSIs of all pediatric hematology-oncology patients admitted to a children's hospital between January 2009 and December 2013 were reviewed. The United States National Healthcare Safety Network and Infectious Diseases Society of America guidelines were used to define CLABSI and catheter-related BSI (CRBSI)...
December 2015: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
Wataru Sumida, Yoshio Watanabe, Hidemi Takasu, Kazuo Oshima
PURPOSE: Catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) is a serious complication associated with parenteral nutrition (PN). We retrospectively examined the features of CRBSI in patients with motility disorder (MD) by reviewing medical records. METHODS: Patients who received PN for more than 100 days in our hospital between January 2009 and September 2013 were reviewed. They were divided into two groups based on the presence or absence of MD. The frequency of CRBSI and the pathogenic organisms detected were compared...
September 2014: Pediatric Surgery International
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