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perioperative blood transfusion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137600/perioperative-blood-transfusion-does-not-affect-recurrence-free-and-overall-survivals-after-curative-resection-for-intrahepatic-cholangiocarcinoma-a-propensity-score-matching-analysis
#1
Pei-Yun Zhou, Zheng Tang, Wei-Ren Liu, Meng-Xin Tian, Lei Jin, Xi-Fei Jiang, Han Wang, Chen-Yang Tao, Zhen-Bin Ding, Yuan-Fei Peng, Shuang-Jian Qiu, Zhi Dai, Jian Zhou, Jia Fan, Ying-Hong Shi
BACKGROUND: Whether perioperative blood transfusions (PBTs) adversely influence oncological outcomes for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) patients after curative resection remains undetermined. METHODS: Of the 605 patients who underwent curative liver resection for ICC between 2000 and 2012, 93 received PBT. We conducted Cox regression and variable selection logistic regression analyses to identify confounding factors of PBT. Propensity score matching (PSM) and Cox regression analyses were used to compare the overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) between the patients with or without PBT...
November 14, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137011/a-prospective-observational-study-evaluating-the-efficacy-of-prophylactic-internal-iliac-artery-balloon-catheterization-in-the-management-of-placenta-previa-accreta-a-strobe-compliant-article
#2
Yao Fan, Xun Gong, Nan Wang, Ketao Mu, Ling Feng, Fuyuan Qiao, Suhua Chen, Wanjiang Zeng, Haiyi Liu, Yuanyuan Wu, Qiong Zhou, Yuan Tian, Qiang Li, Meitao Yang, Fanfan Li, Mengzhou He, Rajluxmee Beejadhursing, Dongrui Deng
We studied the efficacy of prophylactic internal iliac artery balloon catheterization for managing severe hemorrhage caused by pernicious placenta previa.This prospective observational study was conducted in Tongji Hospital, Wuhan, China. One hundred sixty-three women past 32-week's gestation with placenta previa-accreta were recruited and managed. Women in the balloon group accepted prophylactic internal iliac artery balloon catheterization before scheduled caesarean delivery and controls had a conventional caesarean delivery...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136561/calibrated-automated-thrombogram-values-in-infants-with-cardiac-surgery-before-and-after-cardiopulmonary-bypass
#3
Alessandra Rizza, Giovina Di Felice, Rosa Luciano, Ottavia Porzio, Ombretta Panizzon, Maurizio Muraca, Paola Cogo
INTRODUCTION: Impaired thrombin generation has been associated to increase bleeding after cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), especially in children. The aim of this study was to evaluate standard coagulation assay, thrombin generation by calibrated automated thrombogram (CAT), thromboelastography (TEG) and procoagulant phospholipids (PPL) activity in infants undergoing cardiac surgery with CPB. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective observational study performed in children aged <24months undergoing cardiac surgery with CPB...
September 21, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134385/robotic-assisted-multivisceral-resection-for-rectal-cancer-short-term-outcomes-at-a-single-center
#4
H Hino, T Yamaguchi, Y Kinugasa, A Shiomi, H Kagawa, Y Yamakawa, M Numata, A Furutani, Y Yamaoka, S Manabe, T Suzuki, S Kato
BACKGROUND: The safety and feasibility of robotic-assisted multivisceral resection for locally advanced rectal cancer remain unclear. The aim of this study was to assess the short-term outcomes of this procedure at our institution. METHODS: From December 2011 to December 2016, patients who underwent robotic-assisted multivisceral resection for rectal cancer were investigated. Patient demographics, treatment characteristics, perioperative outcomes, and pathological results were evaluated retrospectively...
November 13, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130845/restrictive-or-liberal-red-cell-transfusion-for-cardiac-surgery
#5
C David Mazer, Richard P Whitlock, Dean A Fergusson, Judith Hall, Emilie Belley-Cote, Katherine Connolly, Boris Khanykin, Alexander J Gregory, Étienne de Médicis, Shay McGuinness, Alistair Royse, François M Carrier, Paul J Young, Juan C Villar, Hilary P Grocott, Manfred D Seeberger, Stephen Fremes, François Lellouche, Summer Syed, Kelly Byrne, Sean M Bagshaw, Nian C Hwang, Chirag Mehta, Thomas W Painter, Colin Royse, Subodh Verma, Gregory M T Hare, Ashley Cohen, Kevin E Thorpe, Peter Jüni, Nadine Shehata
Background The effect of a restrictive versus liberal red-cell transfusion strategy on clinical outcomes in patients undergoing cardiac surgery remains unclear. Methods In this multicenter, open-label, noninferiority trial, we randomly assigned 5243 adults undergoing cardiac surgery who had a European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation (EuroSCORE) I of 6 or more (on a scale from 0 to 47, with higher scores indicating a higher risk of death after cardiac surgery) to a restrictive red-cell transfusion threshold (transfuse if hemoglobin level was <7...
November 12, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129343/prognostic-value-of-hyperlactatemia-and-lactate-clearance-after-mitral-valve-surgery
#6
Adam S Evans, Matthew A Levin, Hung-Mo Lin, Ken Lee, Menachem M Weiner, Anelechi Anyanwu, David H Adams, Alexander J C Mittnacht
OBJECTIVES: Blood lactate is frequently used to guide management in critically ill patients. In patients undergoing mitral valve surgery, an elevated lactate level is frequently observed; however, overall mortality is low. The authors hypothesized that hyperlactemia is not a useful predictor of poor outcomes in this patient population. The main aim of this study was to explore how blood lactate level and lactate clearance are associated with 30-day mortality and major adverse events in patients undergoing mitral valve surgery...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125110/perioperative-safety-of-patients-undergoing-unilateral-or-simultaneous-bilateral-total-knee-arthroplasty
#7
Lu-Lu Ma, Xue-Rong Yu, Yu-Guang Huang, Xi-Sheng Weng
Objective To analyze the perioperative safety of patients undergoing unilateral or simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty(TKA). Methods Totally 500 patients who had undergone unilateral or simultaneous bilateral TKA between December 2014 to December 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. They were divided into two groups:unilateral group(n=310)and bilateral group(n=190).The general data,perioperative transfusion,and complications were compared between these two groups. Results Patients in unilateral group had significantly higher ASA scores(χ(2)=8...
October 30, 2017: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123077/effect-and-outcome-of-intraoperative-fluid-restriction-in-living-liver-donor-hepatectomy
#8
Chih-Hsien Wang, Kwok-Wai Cheng, Chao-Long Chen, Shao-Chun Wu, Tsung-Hsiao Shih, Sheng-Chun Yang, Ying-En Lee, Bruno Jawan, Chiu-En Huang, Sin-Ei Juang, Chia-Jung Huang
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect and outcome of intraoperative fluid restriction in living liver donor hepatectomy, regarding changes in intraoperative CVP levels, blood loss, and postoperative renal function. MATERIAL AND METHODS The charts of 167 patients were reviewed and analyzed retrospectively. Intraoperative central venous pressure levels, blood loss, fluids infused, and urine output per hour, before and after the liver allograft procurement, were calculated. Perioperative renal functions were also analyzed...
November 10, 2017: Annals of Transplantation: Quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122431/nonsurgical-strategies-to-reduce-mortality-in-patients-undergoing-cardiac-surgery-an-updated-consensus-process
#9
Giovanni Landoni, Vladimir Lomivorotov, Simona Silvietti, Caetano Nigro Neto, Antonio Pisano, Gabriele Alvaro, Ludmilla Abrahao Hajjar, Gianluca Paternoster, Hynek Riha, Fabrizio Monaco, Andrea Szekely, Rosalba Lembo, Nesrin A Aslan, Giovanni Affronti, Valery Likhvantsev, Cristiano Amarelli, Evgeny Fominskiy, Martina Baiardo Redaelli, Alessandro Putzu, Massimo Baiocchi, Jun Ma, Giuseppe Bono, Valentina Camarda, Remo Daniel Covello, Nora Di Tomasso, Miriam Labonia, Carlo Leggieri, Rosetta Lobreglio, Giacomo Monti, Paolo Mura, Anna Mara Scandroglio, Daniela Pasero, Stefano Turi, Agostino Roasio, Carmine D Votta, Emanuela Saporito, Claudio Riefolo, Chiara Sartini, Luca Brazzi, Rinaldo Bellomo, Alberto Zangrillo
OBJECTIVE: A careful choice of perioperative care strategies is pivotal to improve survival in cardiac surgery. However, there is no general agreement or particular attention to which nonsurgical interventions can reduce mortality in this setting. The authors sought to address this issue with a consensus-based approach. DESIGN: A systematic review of the literature followed by a consensus-based voting process. SETTING: A web-based international consensus conference...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122422/comparison-of-open-surgical-techniques-for-repair-of-types-iii-and-iv-thoracoabdominal-aortic-aneurysms
#10
Muhammad A Rana, Peter Gloviczki, Audra A Duncan, Manju Kalra, Kevin L Greason, Gustavo S Oderich, Stephen S Cha, Thomas C Bower
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare outcomes after repair of type III and type IV thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAAs) by three different open surgical techniques at a tertiary care institution. METHODS: Consecutive patients who underwent elective repair of type III and type IV TAAAs at our institution between 1999 and 2011 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were divided into three groups according to surgical technique: clamp and sew (CS), left-sided heart bypass (LHB), and visceral branching (VB) followed by aortic reconstruction...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121786/perioperative-morbidity-of-open-versus-minimally-invasive-partial-nephrectomy-a-contemporary-analysis-of-the-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program-nsqip
#11
Jorge Francisco Pereira, Joseph Renzulli, Gyan Pareek, Daniel Moreira, Ruiting Guo, Zheng Zhang, Ali Amin, Anthony Mega, Dragan Golijanin, Boris Gershman
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: In recent years, there has been a shift to minimally invasive partial nephrectomy (MIPN) with the dissemination of robotic-assisted technology. However, contemporary data on the comparative morbidity of open PN and MIPN are lacking. We therefore evaluated the perioperative morbidity of MIPN and OPN using a contemporary national cohort. METHODS: We identified 13,658 patients aged 18-89 who underwent PN from 2010-2015 in the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database, of whom 9,018 (66...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112662/perioperative-complications-of-cesarean-delivery-myomectomy-a-meta-analysis
#12
Vasilios Pergialiotis, Ilias Sinanidis, Ioannis-Evangelos Louloudis, Theodoros Vichos, Despina N Perrea, Stergios K Doumouchtsis
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association of myomectomy during cesarean delivery with intraoperative and perioperative maternal morbidity. DATA SOURCES: We searched MEDLINE (1966-2017), Scopus (2004-2017), ClinicalTrials.gov (2008-2017), EMBASE (1980-2017), and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials CENTRAL (1999-2017) databases. METHODS OF STUDY SELECTION: We selected all observational studies that reported outcomes on patients undergoing myomectomy at the time of cesarean delivery...
November 3, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112541/european-guidelines-on-perioperative-venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-cardiovascular-and-thoracic-surgery
#13
Aamer B Ahmed, Andreas Koster, Marcus Lance, David Faraoni
: None of the predictive models for venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis have been designed for and validated in patients undergoing cardiothoracic and vascular surgery. The presence of one or more risk factors [age over 70 years old, transfusion of more than 4 U of red blood cells/fresh frozen plasma/cryoprecipitate, mechanical ventilation lasting more than 24 h, postoperative complication (e.g. acute kidney injury, infection/sepsis, neurological complication)] should place the cardiac population at high risk for VTE...
November 6, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110696/a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-the-effects-of-collagen-sponge-and-topical-tranexamic-acid-in-posterior-spinal-fusion-surgeries
#14
Derong Xu, Qianyu Zhuang, Zheng Li, Zhinan Ren, Xin Chen, Shugang Li
BACKGROUND: This is a randomized controlled trial research to assess the hemostatic efficacy of gelatin sponge, collagen sponge, and topical use of tranexamic acid (TXA) on postoperative blood loss in posterior spinal fusion surgeries. METHODS: We recruited patients with spinal degenerative diseases into the study from November 2013 to October 2016. All the participants were assigned to 3 groups using a simple, equal-probability randomization scheme: group A is a control group utilizing gelatin sponge, while groups B and C are experimental groups, applying collagen hemostatic sponge and topical TXA respectively...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108705/metabolic-syndrome-is-associated-with-increased-postoperative-complications-and-use-of-hospital-resources-in-patients-undergoing-laparoscopic-adrenalectomy
#15
Omair A Shariq, Kristin M Fruth, Kristine T Hanson, Patricia A Cronin, Melanie L Richards, David R Farley, Geoffrey B Thompson, Elizabeth B Habermann, Travis J McKenzie
BACKGROUND: Rates of obesity and metabolic syndrome continue to rise worldwide; however, the impact of metabolic syndrome on outcomes following adrenalectomy has not been described. In this study, we sought to investigate the effects of metabolic syndrome on postoperative 30-day morbidity, mortality, and utilization of hospital resources in a large cohort of patients undergoing elective laparoscopic adrenalectomy. METHODS: Patients who underwent laparoscopic adrenalectomy from 2005 to 2014 were identified in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database...
November 3, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108404/assessment-of-rotational-thromboelastometry-for-the-prediction-of-red-blood-cell-requirements-in-orthotopic-liver-transplantation
#16
Antoni Sabate, Annabel Blasi, Marta Costa, Raquel Reyes, Joan Beltran, Ferran Torres
BACKGROUND: In liver transplantation most studies were designed to predict massive transfusion rather than whether or not transfusion is required. We hypothesized that (presurgery) data from thromboelastometry may predict perioperative blood requirements. METHODS: A post-hoc analysis of data from a controlled trial was performed with the primary end point of predicting zero red blood cells. Of the 92 patients studied, 6 were excluded because of incomplete EXTEM and / or FIBTEM data...
November 6, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108378/preoperative-risk-factors-for-massive-blood-loss-in-adrenalectomy-for-pheochromocytoma
#17
Hongju Liu, Bin Li, Xuerong Yu, Yuguang Huang
Background: This retrospective analysis of patients who underwent adrenalectomy for pheochromocytoma aimed to determine preoperative risk factors for intraoperative massive blood loss. Preoperative identification of patients at high-risk of massive blood loss may be helpful in anesthesia management and preoperative preparation. Materials and Methods: The study involved data of 268 patients who had undergone pheochromocytoma surgery at the Peking Union Medical College Hospital between January 1, 2013 and October 31, 2016...
October 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108091/effects-of-low-dose-epinephrine-on-perioperative-hemostasis-and-inflammatory-reaction-in-major-surgeries-a%C3%A2-randomized%C3%A2-clinical-trial
#18
J L Liu, W N Zeng, F Y Wang, C Chen, X Y Gong, H Yang, Z J Tan, X L Jia, L Yang
BACKGROUND: Haemostasis, thrombosis, and surgical stress-induced immune reaction are important for perioperative morbidity and recovery in major surgeries. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of combined administration of low-dose epinephrine (LDEPI) plus tranexamic acid (TXA) on perioperative blood loss, thromboembolic complications, and inflammatory response in total hip arthroplasty (THA). PATIENTS /METHODS: Patients scheduled for THA (n = 195) were randomized into 3 interventions: intravenous (IV) LDEPI plus TXA (Group IV); topical (TP) diluted-epinephrine plus TXA (Group TP); and TXA alone as control (CT) (Group CT)...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107032/the-effect-of-continued-low-dose-aspirin-therapy-in-patients-undergoing-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy
#19
Brandon J Otto, Russell S Terry, Forat G Lutfi, Jamil Syed, Harold C Hamann, Mohit Gupta, Vincent G Bird
PURPOSE: Aspirin is often stopped prior to percutaneous nephrolithotomy over concern for surgical bleeding risk. There is evidence that discontinuing ASA perioperatively increases thromboembolic events and that continuing it may be safe. We sought to assess the effect of low-dose ASA continuation through PCNL and its effect on surgical and safety outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 285 consecutive PCNLs between 2012-2015 at our institution...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101558/perioperative-bleeding-and-blood-transfusion-are-major-risk-factors-for-venous-thromboembolism-following-bariatric-surgery
#20
Alexander W Nielsen, Melissa C Helm, Tammy Kindel, Rana Higgins, Kathleen Lak, Zachary M Helmen, Jon C Gould
BACKGROUND: Morbidly obese patients are at increased risk for venous thromboembolism (VTE) after bariatric surgery. Perioperative chemoprophylaxis is used routinely with bariatric surgery to decrease the risk of VTE. When bleeding occurs, routine chemoprophylaxis is often withheld due to concerns about inciting another bleeding event. We sought to evaluate the relationship between perioperative bleeding and postoperative VTE in bariatric surgery. METHODS: The American College of Surgeons-National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) dataset between 2012 and 2014 was queried to identify patients who underwent bariatric surgery...
November 3, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
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