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blood loss and transfusion

Yangyang Shen, Pang Li, Kai Cui, Zhendan Wang, Fachang Yu, He Tian, Sheng Li
OBJECTIVES: Curative hepatectomy and tumor thrombectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma with complicating biliary tumor thrombosis (HCC/BTT) is associated with high surgical morbidity and mortality. This retrospective study evaluated the effectiveness and safety of neoadjuvant transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) in HCC/BTT patients scheduled for curative resection. METHODS: Thirty consecutive patients with diagnosed HCC/BTT were hospitalized for neoadjuvant TACE and elective curative liver resection (group A; n=20) or curative liver resection alone (group B; n=10)...
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
Xin Jiang, Dong Chen, Yahao Lou, Zhongshi Li
BACKGROUND: Postoperative delirium is a common complication following various operative procedures with an incidence rate of 10-77 %. AIM: To analyze various risk factors for postoperative delirium after spine surgery in the middle- and old-aged patients. METHODS: This study retrospectively reviewed 451 patients (226 males and 225 females, an average age of 65.1 ± 18.3 years) who underwent spinal surgery in our hospital between January 2010 and August 2015...
October 20, 2016: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
Jason Faulds, Anthony Estrera, Hazim Safi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Sammy A Hanna, Anoop Prasad, Joshua Lee, Pramod Achan
Tranexamic acid (TA) is widely used by orthopedic surgeons to decrease blood loss and the need for transfusion following total hip arthroplasty (THA). Although both intravenous and topical applications are described in the literature, there remains no consensus regarding the optimal regimen, dosage and method of delivery of TA during THA. In addition, concerns still exist regarding the risk of thromboembolic events with intravenous administration. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to compare the efficacy and safety of topical versus intravenous administration of TA in THA...
September 19, 2016: Orthopedic Reviews
Zhenyang Mao, Bing Yue, You Wang, Mengning Yan, Kerong Dai
BACKGROUND: Intra-articular injection of tranexamic acid (TXA) is known to be effective in controlling blood loss after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, this method has some disadvantages, such as TXA leakage due to soft tissue release. Peri-articular injection provides an alternative to intra-articular administration of TXA. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of peri-articular injection of TXA in reducing blood loss after TKA and compare them to those of intra-articular TXA injection...
October 19, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Rafael Bello Corassa, Carmen Aceijas, Paula Aryane Brito Alves, Hemda Garelick
AIMS: This article aimed to provide a critical review of the evolution of Chagas' disease (ChD) in Brazil, its magnitude, historical development and management, and challenges for the future. METHODS: A literature search was performed using PubMed, SciELO and Google Scholar and throughout collected articles' references. Narrative analysis was structured around five main themes identified: vector transmission, control programme, transfusion, oral and congenital transmission...
October 10, 2016: Perspectives in Public Health
Francesco Vasques, Luca Spiezia, Alberto Manfrini, Vincenzo Tarzia, Dario Fichera, Paolo Simioni, Gino Gerosa, Carlo Ori, Guido Di Gregorio
This retrospective, observational study compared the impact of a point-of-care rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM(®)) method versus conventional bleeding management in terms of postoperative (24-h) blood loss, intraoperative and postoperative (24-h) transfusion requirement and length of stay in the postoperative intensive care unit (ICU) in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Forty consecutive patients undergoing cardiac surgery under ROTEM(®)-guided hemostatic management were enrolled; the control population included 40 selected patients undergoing similar interventions without ROTEM(®) monitoring...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
S J van Rooijen, D Huisman, M Stuijvenberg, J Stens, R M H Roumen, F Daams, G D Slooter
BACKGROUND: Colorectal anastomotic leakage (CAL) is a major surgical complication in intestinal surgery. Despite many optimizations in patient care, the incidence of CAL is stable (3-19%) [1]. Previous research mainly focused on determining patient and surgery related risk factors. Intraoperative non-surgery related risk factors for anastomotic healing also contribute to surgical outcome. This review offers an overview of potential modifiable risk factors that may play a role during the operation...
October 15, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
Youlong Wang, Wenbin Ji, Xi Zhang, Jingwang Tan
BACKGROUND: Liver resection or enucleation has been the basic treatment for liver hemangioma. However, there were few reports about laparoscopic surgery (LS) of hemangioma. The intention of this study is to explore the indication and efficacy of LS for laparoscopic hepatectomy (LH) and develop an opinion of these modern developments. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-four patients with LH underwent LS, with hemihepatic vascular occlusion (HVO group n = 24) or modified vascular occlusion (MVO group n = 20), and were retrospectively reviewed, including patients' demography, surgical technique, tumor size and location, blood loss, operation time, complications, modes of hepatic vascular occlusion and changes in postoperative liver function, and the difference in patients demography and operative outcome between HVO and MVO groups were compared as well...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Long Peng, Jian Xiao, Zhanying Liu, Yong Li, Weidong Xiao
BACKGROUND: Although laparoscopic left hepatectomy (LLH) for hepatolithiasis had been successfully performed in a series of cases, its advantages over open left hepatectomy (OLH) are still uncertain. This meta-analysis is to compare the clinical outcomes of LLH with those of OLH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic literature research was performed to identify comparative studies on LLH versus OLH for hepatolithiasis from January 1991 to May 2016. Operative outcomes, postoperative outcomes, and gallstone clearance rate were evaluated...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Dafna Willner, Valeria Spennati, Shelly Stohl, Giulia Tosti, Simone Aloisio, Federico Bilotta
Spine surgery has been growing rapidly as a neurosurgical operation, with an increase of 220% over a 15-year period. Intraoperative blood transfusion is a major outcome determinant of spine procedures. Various approaches, including pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic therapies, have been tested to decrease both intraoperative and postoperative blood loss. The aim of this systematic review is to report clinical evidence on the relationship between intraoperative blood loss (primary outcome) and on transfusion requirements and postoperative complications (secondary outcomes) in patients undergoing spine surgery...
October 3, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Sherif Galal
: Developmental coxa vara (DCV) develops during early childhood between the age of independent walking and 6 years. The deformity includes a decrease in the neck-shaft angle and femoral retroversion. Recently, good results have been reported using external fixator systems for the correction of proximal femoral deformities secondary to slipped capital femoral epiphysis, Perthes' disease in children, and percutaneous proximal femoral osteotomy for coxa vara. This preliminary study was performed to evaluate the results of percutaneous subtrochanteric osteotomy in restoring the normal alignment and orientation (radiographic outcome), thereby restoring the normal mechanics of the hip joint, overcoming shortening of the limb, and re-establishing the length-tension relationship of the abductor muscles (functional outcome)...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
Genevieve K Lennox, Allan Covens
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate recurrence-free survival (RFS) and short-term morbidity in patients with early cervical cancer who undergo bilateral pelvic lymphadenectomy (BPLND) versus bilateral sentinel lymph node biopsy only (BSLNB) at primary surgery. METHODS: All patients with pathologically confirmed node negative stage IA/IB cervical cancer managed with BPLND or BSLNB were identified in the University of Toronto's prospective cervical cancer database from May 1984-June 2015...
October 11, 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
Yongcai Chen, Zhuo Chen, Shuo Cui, Zhiyang Li, Zhengjiang Yuan
BACKGROUND: Tranexamic acid (TXA) is an antifibrinolytic drug widely used to reduce blood loss during joint replacements, including total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and total hip arthroplasty (THA). However, there is no final consensus regarding the composition of an optimal administration of TXA regime between topical and systemic (intravenous). The purpose of our study was to compare the efficacy of topical and intravenous (IV) regimen of TXA during TKA and THA. METHODS: Five relevant electronic online databases, PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Web of Science and Chinese Biomedical Database were systematically searched in November 2015...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Mun Keong Kwan, Chee Kidd Chiu, Chris Yin Wei Chan
PURPOSE: To assess the pattern of intra-operative blood loss at various surgical stages comparing between single and two surgeons. METHODS: Lenke 1 and 2 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients who underwent instrumented posterior spinal fusion (PSF) surgery from two centres between June 2014 and December 2015 were prospectively recruited into this study. The patients were grouped into Group 1 (single surgeon) and Group 2 (two surgeons). One to one matching using 'prospective propensity score-matched cohort patient sampling method' was done...
October 12, 2016: European Spine Journal
M A Machado, R Surjan, T Basseres, F Makdissi
BACKGROUND: Associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) allows R0 resection even for patients with extremely small future liver remnants. The ALPPS procedure was initially described for two-stage right trisectionectomy. Reversal ALPPS is a denomination in which the future liver remnant is the right posterior section of the liver. PATIENT: A 42-year-old woman with colorectal metastases in all segments except segment 1 underwent chemotherapy with objective response and was referred for surgical treatment...
October 12, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Omar J Shah, Sadaf A Bangri, Manmohan Singh, Reyaz A Lattoo, Mohammad Y Bhat, Feroze A Khan
BACKGROUND: Fast track strategy in the management of patients undergoing intra-abdominal surgery of various types has emerged as a landmark approach to reduce surgical stress and accelerate recovery. This study was to evaluate the effect of fast track strategy on patients subjected to pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) from an individual unit during transit from low to a high volume center. METHODS: A total of 142 PD patients who had been subjected to fast track strategy between June 2008 and September 2012 were compared with 46 patients who had received conventional surgery between January 2006 and May 2008...
October 2016: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
Abdelrahman A Nimeri, Ahmed Maasher, Talat Al Shaban, Elnazeer Salim, Maha Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: Conversion of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) to other operations is commonly done for significant weight recidivism and complications. METHODS: This is a consecutive series of LAGB converted to RYGB done at the Bariatric and Metabolic Institute (BMI) Abu Dhabi from 2009 to 2013 for weight recidivism. Our preferred approach is to convert LAGB to LRYGB in one stage. All patients undergo upper endoscopy (EGD) and upper gastrointestinal series and are started on clears liquids 2 h after surgery without performing UGI studies...
October 12, 2016: Obesity Surgery
Rajiv R Iyer, Rafael Uribe-Cardenas, Edward S Ahn
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to present the novel technique and associated results of a single-incision endoscope-assisted procedure for the treatment of sagittal craniosynostosis. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the charts of infants who underwent single-incision endoscope-assisted sagittal craniectomy for craniosynostosis at our institution. Demographic data collected included patient age, blood loss, operative time, pre- and post-operative hemoglobin, pre- and post-operative cephalic index (CI), and hospital length of stay...
October 11, 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
A K Aderoba, B N Olagbuji, A L Akintan, O L Oyeneyin, O O Owa, J A Osaikhuwuomwan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the outcomes and factors associated with postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) treatment with condom-catheter uterine balloon tamponade (C-UBT). DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: A secondary healthcare facility in Nigeria. POPULATION: Women with PPH refractory to first-line treatment. METHODS: Demographic and clinical characteristics were compared in women with successful and unsuccessful treatment...
October 11, 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
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