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Bogdan Dubis, Katarzyna Bułkowska, Małgorzata Lewandowska, Władysław Szempliński, Krzysztof Józef Jankowski, Jakub Idźkowski, Natalia Kordala, Karolina Szymańska
Miscanthus×giganteus is a perennial rhizomatous grass which is used as a biofuel crop. Due to its high yields, low production costs, resistance to low temperatures, low soil requirements and, above all, high cellulose content, miscanthus can be a useful resource for ethanol production. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of two fertilization regimes (sewage sludge/mineral NPK) during miscanthus cultivation on the chemical composition of biomass, the content of major lignocellulosic factions and the effectiveness of miscanthus conversion to bioethanol...
July 4, 2017: Bioresource Technology
Ruly Terán Hilares, João Vitor Ienny, Paulo Franco Marcelino, Muhammad Ajaz Ahmed, Felipe A F Antunes, Silvio Silvério da Silva, Júlio César Dos Santos
In this study, sugarcane bagasse (SCB) pretreated with alkali assisted hydrodynamic cavitation (HC) was investigated for simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) process for bioethanol production in interconnected column reactors using immobilized Scheffersomyces stipitis NRRL-Y7124. Initially, HC was employed for the evaluation of the reagent used in alkaline pretreatment. Alkalis (NaOH, KOH, Na2CO3, Ca(OH)2) and NaOH recycled black liquor (successive batches) were used and their pretreatment effectiveness was assessed considering the solid composition and its enzymatic digestibility...
July 1, 2017: Bioresource Technology
Sameh Samir Ali, Jian Wu, Rongrong Xie, Feng Zhou, Jianzhong Sun, Miao Huang
The effective fermentation of xylose remains an intractable challenge in bioethanol industry. The relevant xylanase enzyme is also in a high demand from industry for several biotechnological applications that inevitably in recent times led to many efforts for screening some novel microorganisms for better xylanase production and fermentation performance. Recently, it seems that wood-feeding termites can truly be considered as highly efficient natural bioreactors. The highly specialized gut systems of such insects are not yet fully realized, particularly, in xylose fermentation and xylanase production to advance industrial bioethanol technology as well as industrial applications of xylanases...
2017: PloS One
Nozomi Kawazoe, Yukio Kimata, Shingo Izawa
Since acetic acid inhibits the growth and fermentation ability of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, it is one of the practical hindrances to the efficient production of bioethanol from a lignocellulosic biomass. Although extensive information is available on yeast response to acetic acid stress, the involvement of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and unfolded protein response (UPR) has not been addressed. We herein demonstrated that acetic acid causes ER stress and induces the UPR. The accumulation of misfolded proteins in the ER and activation of Ire1p and Hac1p, an ER-stress sensor and ER stress-responsive transcription factor, respectively, were induced by a treatment with acetic acid stress (>0...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
Thais H S Ferreira, Max S Tsunada, Denis Bassi, Pedro Araújo, Lucia Mattiello, Giovanna V Guidelli, Germanna L Righetto, Vanessa R Gonçalves, Prakash Lakshmanan, Marcelo Menossi
Sugarcane is a unique crop with the ability to accumulate high levels of sugar and is a commercially viable source of biomass for bioelectricity and second-generation bioethanol. Water deficit is the single largest abiotic stress affecting sugarcane productivity and the development of water use efficient and drought tolerant cultivars is an imperative for all major sugarcane producing countries. This review summarizes the physiological and molecular studies on water deficit stress in sugarcane, with the aim to help formulate more effective research strategies for advancing our knowledge on genes and mechanisms underpinning plant response to water stress...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
José I Santos, Úrsula Fillat, Raquel Martín-Sampedro, María E Eugenio, María J Negro, Ignacio Ballesteros, Alejandro Rodríguez, David Ibarra
In modern lignocellulosic-based biorefineries, carbohydrates can be transformed into biofuels and pulp and paper, whereas lignin is burned to obtain energy. However, a part of lignin could be converted into value-added products including bio-based aromatic chemicals, as well as building blocks for materials. Then, a good knowledge of lignin is necessary to define its valorisation procedure. This study characterized different lignins from side-streams produced from olive tree pruning bioethanol production (lignins collected from steam explosion pretreatment with water or phosphoric acid as catalysts, followed by simultaneous saccharification and fermentation process) and alkaline pulping (lignins recovered from kraft and soda-AQ black liquors)...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Mingming Guo, Tony Jin, Nhuan P Nghiem, Xuetong Fan, Phoebe X Qi, Chan Ho Jang, Lingxiao Shao, Changqing Wu
Lignin accounts for 15-35% of dry biomass materials. Therefore, developing value-added co-products from lignin residues is increasingly important to improve the economic viability of biofuel production from biomass resources. The main objective of this work was to study the lignin extracts from corn stover residue obtained from a new and improved process for bioethanol production. Extraction conditions that favored high lignin yield were optimized, and antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of the resulting lignin were investigated...
July 7, 2017: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Zahoor, Yuanyuan Tu, Lingqiang Wang, Tao Xia, Dan Sun, Shiguang Zhou, Yanting Wang, Ying Li, Heping Zhang, Tong Zhang, Meysam Madadi, Liangcai Peng
In this study, a combined pretreatment was performed in four wheat accessions using steam explosion followed with different concentrations of H2SO4 or NaOH, leading to increased hexoses yields by 3-6 folds from enzymatic hydrolysis. Further co-supplied with 1% Tween-80, Talq90 and Talq16 accessions exhibited an almost complete enzymatic saccharification of steam-exploded (SE) residues after 0.5% H2SO4 or 1% NaOH pretreatment, with the highest bioethanol yields at 18.5%-19.4%, compared with previous reports about wheat bioethanol yields at 11%-17% obtained under relatively strong pretreatment conditions...
June 23, 2017: Bioresource Technology
Alejandra Aguilar-Reynosa, Aloia Romaní, Rosa M Rodríguez-Jasso, Cristóbal N Aguilar, Gil Garrote, Héctor A Ruiz
This work describes the application of two forms of heating for autohydrolysis pretreatment on isothermal regimen: conduction-convection heating and microwave heating processing using corn stover as raw material for bioethanol production. Pretreatments were performed using different operational conditions: residence time (10-50 min) and temperature (160-200°C) for both pretreatments. Subsequently, the susceptibility of pretreated solids was studied using low enzyme loads, and high substrate loads. The highest conversion was 95...
June 20, 2017: Bioresource Technology
Jun Zhang, Chunrong Jia, Yi Wu, Xunfeng Xia, Beidou Xi, Lijun Wang, Youlong Zhai
The bioethanol is playing an increasingly important role in renewable energy in China. Based on the theory of circular economy, integration of different resources by polygeneration is one of the solutions to improve energy efficiency and to reduce environmental impact. In this study, three modes of bioethanol production were selected to evaluate the life cycle energy efficiency and environmental impact of sweet potato-based bioethanol. The results showed that, the net energy ratio was greater than 1 and the value of net energy gain was positive in the three production modes, in which the maximum value appeared in the circular economy mode (CEM)...
2017: PloS One
Changjiang Yu, Xiaowen Zhao, Guang Qi, Zetao Bai, Yu Wang, Shumin Wang, Yubin Ma, Qian Liu, Ruibo Hu, Gongke Zhou
BACKGROUND: Duckweed is considered a promising source of energy due to its high starch content and rapid growth rate. Starch accumulation in duckweed involves complex processes that depend on the balanced expression of genes controlled by various environmental and endogenous factors. Previous studies showed that nitrogen starvation induces a global stress response and results in the accumulation of starch in duckweed. However, relatively little is known about the mechanisms underlying the regulation of starch accumulation under conditions of nitrogen starvation...
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
Vishal Anand, Puneet Kumar Singh, Chiranjib Banerjee, Pratyoosh Shukla
Biofuels are the promising sources which are produced by various microalgae or in the form of metabolic by-products from organic or food waste products. Microalgae have been widely reported for the production of biofuels since these have a high storage of lipids as triacylglycerides, which can mainly be converted into biofuels. Recently, products such as biodiesel, bioethanol and biogas have renewed the interest toward the microalgae. The proteomics alone will not pave the way toward finding an ideal alga which will fulfill the current energy demands, but a combined approach of proteomics, genomics and bioinformatics can be pivotal for a sustainable solution...
July 2017: 3 Biotech
Cho-Ryong Lee, Bong Hyun Sung, Kwang-Mook Lim, Mi-Jin Kim, Min Jeong Sohn, Jung-Hoon Bae, Jung-Hoon Sohn
To realize the economical production of ethanol and other bio-based chemicals from lignocellulosic biomass by consolidated bioprocessing (CBP), various cellulases from different sources were tested to improve the level of cellulase secretion in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae by screening an optimal translational fusion partner (TFP) as both a secretion signal and fusion partner. Among them, four indispensable cellulases for cellulose hydrolysis, including Chaetomium thermophilum cellobiohydrolase (CtCBH1), Chrysosporium lucknowense cellobiohydrolase (ClCBH2), Trichoderma reesei endoglucanase (TrEGL2), and Saccharomycopsis fibuligera β-glucosidase (SfBGL1), were identified to be highly secreted in active form in yeast...
June 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
Max Cárdenas-Fernández, Maria Bawn, Charlotte Hamley-Bennett, Penumathsa K V Bharat, Fabiana Subrizi, Nurashikin Suhaili, David P Ward, Sarah Bourdin, Paul A Dalby, Helen C Hailes, Peter Hewitson, Svetlana Ignatova, Cleo Kontoravdi, David J Leak, Nilay Shah, Tom D Sheppard, John M Ward, Gary J Lye
Over 8 million tonnes of sugar beet are grown annually in the UK. Sugar beet pulp (SBP) is the main by-product of sugar beet processing which is currently dried and sold as a low value animal feed. SBP is a rich source of carbohydrates, mainly in the form of cellulose and pectin, including d-glucose (Glu), l-arabinose (Ara) and d-galacturonic acid (GalAc). This work describes the technical feasibility of an integrated biorefinery concept for the fractionation of SBP and conversion of these monosaccharides into value-added products...
June 30, 2017: Faraday Discussions
Marek Vochozka, Vojtěch Stehel, Anna Maroušková
Notable progress has been achieved in the past two decades regarding production of different enzymatic mixtures for hydrolysis of the lignocellulose matrix. Nevertheless, the hydrolysing mixtures remain slow and require tempering, which results in high-energy demands and bad financial results. Use of acids or alkali at a very high temperature and pressure accelerates the process more than ten times wherein the energy requirements are approximately equal. However, these elevated reaction conditions might cause the breakdown of complex lignin formula into substances that have the potential to inhibit subsequent fermentation processes...
July 2017: 3 Biotech
Roi Peretz, Yoram Gerchman, Hadas Mamane
Lignocellulosic biomass is a promising feedstock for ethanol production, but lignin, a polyphenol, hampers the use of enzymes for its saccharification; pretreatment is thus key to preparing such feedstock. Ozonation was previously demonstrated as an effective pretreatment, but claimed to be uneconomical due to the assumed need for lignin mineralization. We analyzed, for the first time, ozonation of highly concentrated tannic acid (TA) solution (60g/L) as a lignin model. Most of the TA disappeared within 3.5h, following triple-phase kinetics with two transition points: at 7min and 60min of ozonation for 0...
October 2017: Bioresource Technology
Laura I de Eugenio, Juan A Méndez-Líter, Manuel Nieto-Domínguez, Lola Alonso, Jesús Gil-Muñoz, Jorge Barriuso, Alicia Prieto, María Jesús Martínez
BACKGROUND: Genomic and proteomic analysis are potent tools for metabolic characterization of microorganisms. Although cellulose usually triggers cellulase production in cellulolytic fungi, the secretion of the different enzymes involved in polymer conversion is subjected to different factors, depending on growth conditions. These enzymes are key factors in biomass exploitation for second generation bioethanol production. Although highly effective commercial cocktails are available, they are usually deficient for β-glucosidase activity, and genera like Penicillium and Talaromyces are being explored for its production...
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
Anderson Albino Gomes, Elisa Pazinatto Telli, Luiz Claudio Miletti, Everton Skoronski, Marcos Gomes Ghislandi, Gustavo Felippe da Silva, Maria de Lourdes Borba Magalhães
Optimization of cellulose enzymatic hydrolysis is crucial for cost-effective bioethanol production from lignocellulosic biomass. Enzyme immobilization in solid support allows enzyme recycling for reuse, lowering hydrolysis costs. Graphene is a nanomaterial isolated in 2004, which possesses exceptional properties for biomolecule immobilization. This study evaluates the potential for β-glucosidase recycling by immobilization on graphene nanosheets. Data reported here demonstrated that graphene-immobilized β-glucosidase can be recycled for at least eight cycles...
June 21, 2017: Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry
Srisakul Trakarnpaiboon, Nantana Srisuk, Kuakoon Piyachomkwan, Kenji Sakai, Vichien Kitpreechavanich
In the present study, solid state fermentation for the production of raw starch degrading enzyme was investigated by thermotolerant Rhizopus microsporus TISTR 3531 using a combination of agro-industrial wastes as substrates. The obtained crude enzyme was applied for hydrolysis of raw cassava starch and chips at low temperature and subjected to non-sterile ethanol production using raw cassava chips. The agro-industrial wastes ratio was optimized using a simplex axial mixture design. The results showed that the substrate mixture consisting of rice bran: corncob: cassava bagasse at 8 g: 10 g: 2 g yielded the highest enzyme production of 201...
June 21, 2017: Preparative Biochemistry & Biotechnology
Rhulani Makhuvele, Ignatious Ncube, Elbert Lukas Jansen van Rensburg, Daniël Coenrad La Grange
Producing biofuels such as ethanol from non-food plant material has the potential to meet transportation fuel requirements in many African countries without impacting directly on food security. The current shortcomings in biomass processing are inefficient fermentation of plant sugars, such as xylose, especially at high temperatures, lack of fermenting microbes that are able to resist inhibitors associated with pre-treated plant material and lack of effective lignocellulolytic enzymes for complete hydrolysis of plant polysaccharides...
June 3, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
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