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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936422/social-network-types-among-older-korean-adults-associations-with-subjective-health
#1
Sung Yun Sohn, Won-Tak Joo, Woo Jung Kim, Se Joo Kim, Yoosik Youm, Hyeon Chang Kim, Yeong-Ran Park, Eun Lee
With population aging now a global phenomenon, the health of older adults is becoming an increasingly important issue. Because the Korean population is aging at an unprecedented rate, preparing for public health problems associated with old age is particularly salient in this country. As the physical and mental health of older adults is related to their social relationships, investigating the social networks of older adults and their relationship to health status is important for establishing public health policies...
December 1, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936336/experiences-of-health-professionals-caring-for-people-presenting-to-the-emergency-department-after-taking-crystal-methamphetamine-ice
#2
Michelle Cleary, Debra Jackson, Cindy Woods, Rachel Kornhaber, Jan Sayers, Kim Usher
Globally, addiction to "ICE" (crystal methamphetamine) is increasing and presents emergency health care services personnel with a number of challenges. This paper reports the first of two major themes arising from a qualitative study investigating health professionals' experiences' managing people presenting to the Emergency Department (ED) after taking "ICE." The theme "Caring for people who use 'ICE' when presenting to EDs" comprises five subthemes. These are: (a) expecting the unexpected: "they're just off their heads"; (b) complexity of care: "underlying trauma and emotional dysregulation";...
December 9, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935960/hydrological-regime-and-water-shortage-as-drivers-of-the-seasonal-incidence-of-diarrheal-diseases-in-a-tropical-montane-environment
#3
Laurie Boithias, Marc Choisy, Noy Souliyaseng, Marine Jourdren, Fabrice Quet, Yves Buisson, Chanthamousone Thammahacksa, Norbert Silvera, Keooudone Latsachack, Oloth Sengtaheuanghoung, Alain Pierret, Emma Rochelle-Newall, Sylvia Becerra, Olivier Ribolzi
BACKGROUND: The global burden of diarrhea is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. In montane areas of South-East Asia such as northern Laos, recent changes in land use have induced increased runoff, soil erosion and in-stream suspended sediment loads, and potential pathogen dissemination. To our knowledge, few studies have related diarrhea incidences to catchment scale hydrological factors such as river discharge, and loads of suspended sediment and of Fecal Indicator Bacteria (FIB) such as Escherichia coli, together with sociological factors such as hygiene practices...
December 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935924/smoking-cessation-and-attitudes-belief-observation-and-education-of-medical-students-in-turkey
#4
E Turhan, T Inandi, M Col, R Bugdayci, O Eker, M Ilhan
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco use is an important public health problem around the world.Aim of this study is to assess attitudes,belief and observation of the students on smoking cessation and medical education. METHODS: This study is part of a multi-country study called "Global Health Profession Student Survey". The study population consisted of third year medical students in Turkey. The sample consisted of a total of 1834 medical students from randomly selected 12 medical schools...
April 2016: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935918/study-of-infertile-couples-attending-a-teaching-hospital-in-eastern-nepal
#5
S Subedi, S Lamichhane, M Chhetry
INTRODUCTION: Infertility is a global health issue and a socially destabilizing condition for couples with several stigmas including medical, social, psychological burdens and a marital disharmony. The aim was to study the incidence of infertility in couples attending outdoor of Nobel Medical College and to know the contributing factors among the infertile couples. METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional study was carried out in the outpatient department of a teaching hospital July 2015-June 2016, where the incidence of infertility and the contributing factors for the same were evaluated...
July 2016: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935804/privilege-and-inclusivity-in-shaping-global-health-agendas
#6
EDITORIAL
Kabir Sheikh, Sara C Bennett, Fadi El Jardali, George Gotsadze
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2016: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935801/maternal-and-neonatal-health-impact-of-obstetrical-risk-insurance-scheme-in-mauritania-a-quasi-experimental-before-and-after-study
#7
Aline Philibert, Marion Ravit, Valéry Ridde, Inès Dossa, Emmanuel Bonnet, Florent Bedecarrats, Alexandre Dumont
A variety of health financing schemes shaped on pre-payment scheme have been implemented across Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) to address the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). In Mauritania, the Obstetric Risk Insurance package (ORI) focusing on maternal and perinatal health has been progressively implemented at the health district level since 2002. Here, our main objective was to assess the effectiveness of the ORI in increasing facility-based delivery rates, as well as increases in family planning, antenatal and postnatal care, caesarean delivery and neonatal health, from demographic and health survey data between 2002 and 2011...
October 22, 2016: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935650/association-between-diabetes-mellitus-and-active-tuberculosis-in-africa-and-the-effect-of-hiv
#8
REVIEW
Sarah Lou Bailey, Helen Ayles
OBJECTIVE: To determine current evidence for the association between diabetes and active tuberculosis in Africa, and how HIV modifies, or not, any association between diabetes and active tuberculosis. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review by searching the EMBASE, Global Health and Medline databases. Studies were eligible for inclusion if they explored the association between diabetes mellitus prevalence and active tuberculosis incidence or prevalence, used a comparison group, were conducted in an African population and adjusted the analysis for at least age...
December 9, 2016: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935142/sharing-information-about-cancer-with-one-s-family-is-associated-with-improved-quality-of-life
#9
Carlo Lai, Beatrice Borrelli, Paola Ciurluini, Paola Aceto
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between cancer patients' ability to share information about their illness with their social network and attachment style dimensions, alexithymia and quality of life. We hypothesised that ability to share information about one's cancer with family, friends and medical teams would be positively associated with quality of life and secure attachment and negatively associated with alexithymia. METHODS: Forty-five cancer patients were recruited from the Psycho-oncology unit of the San Camillo-Forlanini Hospital in Rome...
December 9, 2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934981/novel-dna-sensor-system-for-highly-sensitive-and-quantitative-retrovirus-detection-using-virus-encoded-integrase-as-a-biomarker
#10
Jing Wang, Jiangnan Liu, Jonas Thomsen, Denis Selnihhin, Marianne S Hede, Freja C M Kirsebom, Oskar Franch, Søren Fjelstrup, Magnus Stougaard, Yi-Ping Ho, Finn Skou Pedersen, Birgitta R Knudsen
In the current study we describe a novel DNA sensor system that allows the detection of single catalytic DNA integration events mediated by retrovirus encoded integrase (IN) present in viral particles. This is achieved by rolling circle amplification mediated conversion of enzymatic reactions happening within nanometer dimensions to directly detectable micrometer sized DNA products. The system utilizes the unique integration reaction of IN to generate a surface anchored nicked DNA circle that serves as a substrate for rolling circle amplification and allows for specific, quantitative and sensitive detection of purified recombinant IN or virus particles with a detection limit of less than 30 virus particles per μL of sample...
December 9, 2016: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934901/towards-peptide-vaccines-against-zika-virus-immunoinformatics-combined-with-molecular-dynamics-simulations-to-predict-antigenic-epitopes-of-zika-viral-proteins
#11
Muhammad Usman Mirza, Shazia Rafique, Amjad Ali, Mobeen Munir, Nazia Ikram, Abdul Manan, Outi M H Salo-Ahen, Muhammad Idrees
The recent outbreak of Zika virus (ZIKV) infection in Brazil has developed to a global health concern due to its likely association with birth defects (primary microcephaly) and neurological complications. Consequently, there is an urgent need to develop a vaccine to prevent or a medicine to treat the infection. In this study, immunoinformatics approach was employed to predict antigenic epitopes of Zika viral proteins to aid in development of a peptide vaccine against ZIKV. Both linear and conformational B-cell epitopes as well as cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) epitopes were predicted for ZIKV Envelope (E), NS3 and NS5 proteins...
December 9, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934884/rapid-affordable-and-portable-medium-throughput-molecular-device-for-zika-virus
#12
Kamfai Chan, Scott C Weaver, Pui-Yan Wong, Sherly Lie, Eryu Wang, Mathilde Guerbois, Siva Praneeth Vayugundla, Season Wong
Zika virus (ZIKV) has gained global attention as an etiologic agent of fetal microcephaly and Guillain-Barré syndrome. Existing immuno-based rapid tests often fail to distinguish between Zika and related flaviviruses that are common in affected regions of Central and South Americas and the Caribbean. The US CDC and qualified state health department laboratories can perform the reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) ZIKV test using highly sophisticated instruments with long turnaround times...
December 9, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934199/graphene-oxide-inhibits-antibiotic-uptake-and-antibiotic-resistance-gene-propagation
#13
Wei Zou, Xiaokang Li, Ziyang Lai, Xingli Zhang, Xiangang Hu, Qixing Zhou
Antibiotics and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in the natural environment have become substantial threats to the ecosystem and public health. Effective strategies to control antibiotics and ARG contaminations are emergent. A novel carbon nanomaterial, graphene oxide (GO), has attracted a substantial amount of attention in environmental fields. This study discovered the inhibition effects of GO on sulfamethoxazole (SMZ) uptake for bacteria and ARG transfer among microorganisms. GO promoted the penetration of SMZ from intracellular to extracellular environments by increasing the cell membrane permeability...
December 7, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933870/tools-for-defusing-a-major-global-food-and-feed-safety-risk-nonbiological-postharvest-procedures-to-decontaminate-mycotoxins-in-foods-and-feeds
#14
Benigni A Temba, Yasmina Sultanbawa, Darren J Kriticos, Glen P Fox, Jagger J W Harvey, Mary T Fletcher
Mycotoxin contamination of foods and animal feeds is a worldwide problem for human and animal health. Controlling mycotoxin contamination has drawn the attention of scientists and other food and feed stakeholders all over the world. Despite best efforts targeting field and storage preventive measures, environmental conditions can still lead to mycotoxin contamination. This raises a need for developing decontamination methods to inactivate or remove the toxins from contaminated products. At present, decontamination methods applied include an array of both biological and nonbiological methods...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933782/integration-of-global-analyses-of-host-molecular-responses-with-clinical-data-to-evaluate-pathogenesis-and-advance-therapies-for-emerging-and-re-emerging-viral-infections
#15
Shane D Falcinelli, Daniel S Chertow, Jason Kindrachuk
Outbreaks associated with emerging and re-emerging viral pathogens continue to increase in frequency and are associated with an increasing burden to global health. In light of this, there is a need to integrate basic and clinical research for investigating the connections between molecular and clinical pathogenesis and for therapeutic development strategies. Here, we will discuss this approach with a focus on the emerging viral pathogens Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), Ebola virus (EBOV), and monkeypox virus (MPXV) from the context of clinical presentation, immunological and molecular features of the diseases, and OMICS-based analyses of pathogenesis...
November 11, 2016: ACS Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933382/the-impact-of-hereditary-multiple-exostoses-on-quality-of-life-satisfaction-global-health-status-and-pain
#16
Riccardo D'Ambrosi, Vincenza Ragone, Camilla Caldarini, Nicola Serra, Federico Giuseppe Usuelli, Renato Mario Facchini
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to evaluate quality of life (QOL), global health status, pain, and level of satisfaction in patients with hereditary multiple exostoses (HME), and to correlate the association between the severity of diseases and age, sex, number of surgical procedures, and number of exostoses. METHODS: The data of 50 patients with HME were retrospectively evaluated and recorded. QOL was evaluated with the Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12) questionnaire, the 12-Item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12), and Quality of Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire (Q-LES-Q-SF); intensity of pain was measured using the visual analogue scale (VAS)...
December 8, 2016: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933359/raccoons-procyon-lotor-as-sentinels-of-trace-element-contamination-and-physiological-effects-of-exposure-to-coal-fly-ash
#17
Felipe Hernández, Ricki E Oldenkamp, Sarah Webster, James C Beasley, Lisa L Farina, Samantha M Wisely
Anthropogenic pollutants disrupt global biodiversity, and terrestrial sentinels of pollution can provide a warning system for ecosystem-wide contamination. This study sought to assess whether raccoons (Procyon lotor) are sentinels of local exposure to trace element contaminants at a coal fly ash site and whether exposure resulted in health impairment or changes in the intestinal helminth communities. We compared trace element accumulation and the impact on health responses and intestinal helminth communities of raccoons inhabiting contaminated and reference sites of the U...
December 8, 2016: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933140/mitigating-pharmaceutical-waste-exposures-policy-and-program-considerations
#18
EDITORIAL
Eric D Amster
Pharmaceutical disposal and the environmental fate of medication metabolites directly impacts the public's health in two significant ways: accidental medication ingestion of pharmaceuticals that were not disposed of properly results in inadvertent toxicity; and environmental health consequences of pharmaceuticals that were inappropriately disposed and which contaminate municipal water supply. In reviewing the effectiveness of medication disposal policy globally, it is crucial to not only determine which policies are effective but also to assess why they are effective...
2016: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933044/antibiotic-resistance-in-the-food-chain-a-developing-country-perspective
#19
REVIEW
Luria Leslie Founou, Raspail Carrel Founou, Sabiha Yusuf Essack
Antibiotics are now "endangered species" facing extinction due to the worldwide emergence of antibiotic resistance (ABR). Food animals are considered as key reservoirs of antibiotic-resistant bacteria with the use of antibiotics in the food production industry having contributed to the actual global challenge of ABR. There are no geographic boundaries to impede the worldwide spread of ABR. If preventive and containment measures are not applied locally, nationally and regionally, the limited interventions in one country, continent and for instance, in the developing world, could compromise the efficacy and endanger ABR containment policies implemented in other parts of the world, the best-managed high-resource countries included...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932788/health-system-productivity-change-in-zambia-a-focus-on-the-child-health-services
#20
Tom Achoki, Yohannes Kinfu, Felix Masiye, Geert W J Frederix, Anke Hovels, Hubert G Leufkens
Efficiency and productivity improvement have become central in global health debates. In this study, we explored productivity change, particularly the contribution of technological progress and efficiency gains associated with improvements in child survival in Zambia (population 15 million). Productivity was measured by applying the Malmquist productivity index on district-level panel data. The effect of socioeconomic factors was further analyzed by applying an ordinary least squares regression technique. During 2004-2009, overall productivity in Zambia increased by 5...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
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