keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

chronic respiratory insufficiency

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653187/mid-cervical-spinal-cord-contusion-causes-robust-deficits-in-respiratory-parameters-and-pattern-variability
#1
Philippa M Warren, Cara Campanaro, Frank J Jacono, Warren J Alilain
Mid-cervical spinal cord contusion disrupts both the pathways and motoneurons vital to the activity of inspiratory muscles. The present study was designed to determine if a rat contusion model could result in a measurable deficit to both ventilatory and respiratory motor function under "normal" breathing conditions at acute to chronic stages post trauma. Through whole body plethysmography and electromyography we assessed respiratory output from three days to twelve weeks after a cervical level 3 (C3) contusion...
April 10, 2018: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652272/comparison-of-immediate-extubation-versus-ultrafast-tracking-strategy-in-the-management-of-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery
#2
Amarja Sachin Nagre, Nagesh P Jambures
Introduction: Ultrafast tracking of anesthesia (UFTA) is practiced routinely, whereas immediate on-table extubation after off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) grafting surgery has many concerns. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the safety and feasibility of immediate extubation (IE) versus UFTA. Methods: Sixty patients were enrolled who underwent OPCAB surgery. The two groups IE and UFTA had thirty patients each. Inclusion criteria were patients for OPCAB surgery including left main stenosis...
April 2018: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609727/medical-cannabis-and-the-treatment-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-an-american-academy-of-sleep-medicine-position-statement
#3
Kannan Ramar, Ilene M Rosen, Douglas B Kirsch, Ronald D Chervin, Kelly A Carden, R Nisha Aurora, David A Kristo, Raman K Malhotra, Jennifer L Martin, Eric J Olson, Carol L Rosen, James A Rowley
The diagnosis and effective treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in adults is an urgent health priority. Positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy remains the most effective treatment for OSA, although other treatment options continue to be explored. Limited evidence citing small pilot or proof of concept studies suggest that the synthetic medical cannabis extract dronabinol may improve respiratory stability and provide benefit to treat OSA. However, side effects such as somnolence related to treatment were reported in most patients, and the long-term effects on other sleep quality measures, tolerability, and safety are still unknown...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578426/dysfunction-of-various-organ-systems-induced-by-sepsis-with-underlying-severe-myelomic-diseases-and-prostate-cancer-case-report
#4
L Ratiani, N Intskirveli, L Goliadze, T Chkhikvadze, L Koptonashvili, E Khuchua
A 65-year-old male patient, unconscious, was admitted into the clinic by the Ambulance. From the patient's medical history it was revealed that several hours before the admission in the clinic the following symptoms were present: shortness of breath, fever, hypotonia, consciousness inhibition, because of which emergency brigade was called and was brought by the Emergency Brigade. The history is loaded by chronic pathologies: myeloma disease, prostate cancer, ciliary arrhythmia, heart failure; received several courses of polichemotherapy, last ten days has been treated for pneumonia with antibiotics of ceftriaxone group in outpatient setting...
February 2018: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563802/a-rare-life-threatening-disease-unilateral-kidney-compressed-by-huge-chronic-spontaneous-retroperitoneal-hemorrhage
#5
Hao-Yuan Lu, Wei Wei, Qi-Wei Chen, Qing-Gui Meng, Gao-Hua Hu, Xian-Lin Yi, Xian-Zhong Bai
Objectives: To study an uncommon life-threatening disease, spontaneous retroperitoneal and perirenal hemorrhage. Case descriptions: A 69-year-old male presented with pain in the left waist and back of 1 month duration. The renal abscess was suspected by magnetic resonance imaging before operation. The perirenal hematoma was cleaned by operation. In another case, the patient had a functional solitary left kidney compressed by a huge retroperitoneal mass and uropenia appeared...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523437/active-smoking-in-claudicants-undergoing-lower-extremity-bypass-predicts-decreased-graft-patency-and-worse-overall-survival
#6
Douglas W Jones, Philip P Goodney, Jens Eldrup-Jorgensen, Marc L Schermerhorn, Jeffrey J Siracuse, Jeanwan Kang, Jesse A Columbo, Bjoern D Suckow, David H Stone
OBJECTIVE: Performing lower extremity bypass (LEB) in actively smoking claudicants remains controversial. Whereas some surgeons advocate a strict nonoperative approach to active smokers, citing perceived inferior outcomes, others will proceed with surgical bypass if the patient is anatomically suited and medical management has failed. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of active smoking on LEB outcomes among claudicants. METHODS: All patients undergoing infrainguinal LEB for claudication in the Vascular Study Group of New England from 2003 to 2016 were analyzed...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521037/human-physiological-and-metabolic-responses-to-an-attempted-winter-crossing-of-antarctica-the-effects-of-prolonged-hypobaric-hypoxia
#7
Katie A O'Brien, Ross D Pollock, Mike Stroud, Rob J Lambert, Alex Kumar, Robert A Atkinson, David A Green, Ana Anton-Solanas, Lindsay M Edwards, Steve D R Harridge
An insufficient supply of oxygen to the tissues (hypoxia), as is experienced upon high-altitude exposure, elicits physiological acclimatization mechanisms alongside metabolic remodeling. Details of the integrative adaptive processes in response to chronic hypobaric hypoxic exposure remain to be sufficiently investigated. In this small applied field study, subjects (n = 5, male, age 28-54 years) undertook a 40 week Antarctica expedition in the winter months, which included 24 weeks residing above 2500 m...
March 2018: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485524/active-video-games-as-a-training-tool-for-individuals-with-chronic-respiratory-diseases-a-systematic-review
#8
Stacey J Butler, Annemarie L Lee, Roger S Goldstein, Dina Brooks
PURPOSE: Exercise is an effective treatment for reducing symptom severity and improving quality of life for patients with chronic respiratory diseases. Active video games offer a new and enjoyable way to exercise and have gained popularity in a rehabilitation setting. However, it is unclear whether they achieve comparable physiological and clinical effects as traditional exercise training. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed to identify studies that included an active video game component as a form of exercise training and a comparator group in chronic respiratory disease...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470920/long-term-microevolution-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-differs-between-mildly-and-severely-affected-cystic-fibrosis-lungs
#9
Jens Klockgether, Nina Cramer, Sebastian Fischer, Lutz Wiehlmann, Burkhard Tümmler
RATIONALE: The chronic airway infections with Pseudomonas aeruginosa determine morbidity in most individuals with cystic fibrosis (CF). P. aeruginosa may persist for decades in CF lungs which provides the rare opportunity to study the long-term within-host evolution of a bacterial airway pathogen. OBJECTIVES: To resolve the genetic adaptation of P. aeruginosa in CF lungs from the onset of colonization until the patient's death or permanent replacement by another P...
February 22, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461894/rethinking-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-chronic-pulmonary-insufficiency-and-combined-cardiopulmonary-insufficiency
#10
R Graham Barr
Almost 70 years ago, Drs. Baldwin, Cournand, and Richards defined chronic pulmonary insufficiency by the presence of respiratory symptoms, radiologic evidence of pulmonary emphysema on chest radiography, and physiologic gas trapping. A decade later, airflow obstruction on spirometry was added to the definition and insufficiency became a disease. Contemporary studies are reviving the diagnostic approach described by these early luminaries, with researchers finding that symptomatic smokers with preserved spirometry have increased exacerbations and that smokers and non-smokers with normal spirometry but emphysema on chest computed tomography have increased mortality...
February 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444760/risk-factors-for-persistent-aspergillus-respiratory-isolation-in-cystic-fibrosis
#11
Gina Hong, Kevin J Psoter, Mark T Jennings, Christian A Merlo, Michael P Boyle, Denis Hadjiliadis, Steven M Kawut, Noah Lechtzin
BACKGROUND: Aspergillus species are increasingly detected in the respiratory tracts of individuals with cystic fibrosis (CF), and chronic Aspergillus fumigatus is associated with more frequent hospitalizations for pulmonary exacerbations. However, patient and clinical factors that may contribute to the acquisition of persistent Aspergillus infection have yet to be identified. The objective of this study was to identify risk factors for development of Aspergillus respiratory isolation in CF...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis: Official Journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436001/effects-of-pulsatile-blood-flow-on-oxygenator-performance
#12
Lotte Schraven, Andreas Kaesler, Christian Flege, Rüdger Kopp, Thomas Schmitz-Rode, Ulrich Steinseifer, Jutta Arens
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is mainly used for the therapy of acute respiratory distress syndrome and chronic obstructive lung disease. In the last years, the development of these systems underwent huge steps in optimization, but there are still problems with thrombus formation, clogging, and thus insufficient gas exchange. One idea of ECMO optimization is a pulsatile blood flow through the oxygenator, but this is still a controversy discussion. Analyzing available publications, it was not possible to identify a general statement about the effect of pulsatile blood flow on the gas exchange performance...
February 13, 2018: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434062/glucose-tolerance-insulin-secretion-sensitivity-characteristics-in-indian-children-with-cystic-fibrosis-a-pilot-study
#13
Vandana Jain, Santosh Kumar, Naval K Vikram, Mani Kalaivani, Surya Prakash Bhatt, Rajni Sharma, Kumar Kabra Sushil
Background & objectives: Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a life-limiting genetic condition resulting in chronic respiratory infections, pancreatic enzyme insufficiency and associated complications. This pilot study was undertaken to assess the glucose tolerance and insulin secretion and sensitivity among Indian children with CF. Methods: Children with CF under regular follow up at the Paediatric Pulmonology Clinic of a tertiary care hospital in New Delhi, India, were enrolled...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424256/effect-of-coenzyme-q10-on-mitochondrial-respiratory-proteins-in-trigeminal-neuralgia
#14
Chutikorn Khuankaew, Nattayaporn Apaijai, Passakorn Sawaddiruk, Thidarat Jaiwongkam, Sasiwan Kerdphoo, Surawut Pongsiriwet, Wichittra Tassaneeyakul, Nipon Chattipakorn, Siriporn C Chattipakorn
Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is the neuropathic pain. Mitochondrial dysfunction, increased oxidative stress, and inflammation demonstrated in chronic pain. Carbamazepine (CBZ) is the first-line drug for TN, however, it is still insufficient. Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) has been used as the additional supplement for pain therapy. Nonetheless, mitochondrial respiratory proteins, oxidative stress, and inflammation in TN, and the add-on effects of CoQ10 on those defects have never been investigated. CBZ-treated TN-patients, naïve TN-patients, and control subjects were included...
February 9, 2018: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411860/self-management-for-bronchiectasis
#15
REVIEW
Carol Kelly, Seamus Grundy, Dave Lynes, David Jw Evans, Sharada Gudur, Stephen J Milan, Sally Spencer
BACKGROUND: Bronchiectasis is a long term respiratory condition with an increasing rate of diagnosis. It is associated with persistent symptoms, repeated infective exacerbations, and reduced quality of life, imposing a burden on individuals and healthcare systems. The main aims of therapeutic management are to reduce exacerbations and improve quality of life. Self-management interventions are potentially important for empowering people with bronchiectasis to manage their condition more effectively and to seek care in a timely manner...
February 7, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395564/-cohort-of-patients-initiated-to-home-ventilation-observational-and-prospective-study
#16
C Rabec, J Gonzalez-Bermejo, A Cuvelier, P Cervantes, D Foret, L Mounier, B Melloni, J-F Muir
Cohort of patients initiated to home ventilation. Observational and prospective study. The effectiveness of home noninvasive ventilation (NIV) for chronic respiratory failure (CRF) is well established. However, few data are available about home NIV prescription and utilization according to the different etiologies of respiratory failure. The ANTADIR Federation, in partnership with the Ventilatory Support Group of the French Speaking Pulmonary Society, has set up a national, observational and multicenter cohort study...
January 29, 2018: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383510/epidemiology-causes-evolution-and-outcome-in-a-single-center-cohort-of-1116-critically-ill-patients-with-hypoxic-hepatitis
#17
Astrid Van den Broecke, Laura Van Coile, Alexander Decruyenaere, Kirsten Colpaert, Dominique Benoit, Hans Van Vlierberghe, Johan Decruyenaere
BACKGROUND: Hypoxic hepatitis (HH) is a type of acute hepatic injury that is histologically characterized by centrilobular liver cell necrosis and that is caused by insufficient oxygen delivery to the hepatocytes. Typical for HH is the sudden and significant increase of aspartate aminotransferase (AST) in response to cardiac, circulatory or respiratory failure. The aim of this study is to investigate its epidemiology, causes, evolution and outcome. METHODS: The screened population consisted of all adults admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) at the Ghent University Hospital between January 1, 2007 and September 21, 2015...
January 30, 2018: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372630/what-can-we-apply-to-manage-acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-with-acute-respiratory-failure
#18
REVIEW
Deog Kyeom Kim, Jungsil Lee, Ju Hee Park, Kwang Ha Yoo
Acute exacerbation(s) of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) tend to be critical and debilitating events leading to poorer outcomes in relation to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) treatment modalities, and contribute to a higher and earlier mortality rate in COPD patients. Besides pro-active preventative measures intended to obviate acquisition of AECOPD, early recovery from severe AECOPD is an important issue in determining the long-term prognosis of patients diagnosed with COPD. Updated GOLD guidelines and recently published American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society clinical recommendations emphasize the importance of use of pharmacologic treatment including bronchodilators, systemic steroids and/or antibiotics...
January 24, 2018: Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349730/ccn5-in-alveolar-epithelial-proliferation-and-differentiation-during-neonatal-lung-oxygen-injury
#19
Najla Fiaturi, Joshua W Russo, Heber C Nielsen, John J Castellot
Lung immaturity is the major cause of morbidity and mortality in premature infants, especially those born <28 weeks of gestation. These infants are at high risk of developing respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), a lung disease caused by insufficient surfactant production and immaturity of saccular/alveolar type II epithelial cells in the lung. RDS treatment includes oxygen and respiratory support that improve survival but also increase the risk for bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), a chronic lung disease characterized by arrested alveolarization, airway hyperreactivity, and pulmonary hypertension...
March 2018: Journal of Cell Communication and Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329328/early-occurrence-of-inspiratory-muscle-weakness-in-parkinson-s-disease
#20
Guillaume Baille, Thierry Perez, David Devos, Valérie Deken, Luc Defebvre, Caroline Moreau
INTRODUCTION: In Parkinson's disease (PD), respiratory insufficiency (including functional and muscle disorders) can impact dysarthria and swallowing. Most studies of this topic have been performed retrospectively in populations of patients with advanced PD. The objective of the present study was to characterize lung function (under off-drug conditions) in early-stage PD patients at baseline and then again two years later. METHODS: Forty-one early-stage PD patients (mean ± SD age: 61...
2018: PloS One
keyword
keyword
35797
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"