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Repeated sprint training in hypoxia

Marta Camacho-Cardenosa, Alba Camacho-Cardenosa, Ismael Martinezguardado, Marta Marcos Serrano, Rafael Timon, Guillermo Olcina
BACKGROUND: This pilot study had the aim to determine the effects of a new dose of maximal-intensity interval training in hypoxia in active adults. METHODS: Twenty-four university student volunteers were randomly assigned to three groups: hypoxia group, normoxia group or control group. The eight training sessions consisted of 2 sets of 5 repeated sprints of 10 seconds with a recovery of 20 seconds between sprints and a recovery period of 10 minutes between sets...
July 21, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Laurent Trincat, Xavier Woorons, Grégoire P Millet
PURPOSE: Repeated-sprint training in hypoxia (RSH) has been shown as an efficient method for improving repeated sprint ability (RSA) in team-sport players but has not been investigated in swimming. We assessed whether RSH with arterial desaturation induced by voluntary hypoventilation at low lung volume (VHL) could improve RSA to a greater extent than the same training performed under normal breathing (NB) conditions. METHODS: 16 competitive swimmers completed six sessions of repeated sprints (two sets of 16x15 m with 30 s send-off) either with VHL (RSH-VHL, n=8) or with NB (RSN, n=8)...
June 13, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
David Montero, Carsten Lundby
PURPOSE: Few recent studies indicate that short-term repeated sprint training in hypoxia (RSH) improves repeated sprint (RS) performance compared with identical training under normoxic conditions (RSN) in endurance-trained subjects. Herein, we sought to determine the effects of RSH against RSN on RS performance under normoxic and moderate hypoxic conditions, using a randomized, double-blind and cross-over experimental design. METHODS: Fifteen endurance-trained male subjects (age=25±4 years) performed 4 weeks of RS training (3 sessions/week) in normobaric hypoxia (RSH, FiO2=13...
May 3, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Franck Brocherie, Grégoire P Millet, Olivier Girard
PURPOSE: We compared psycho-physiological responses to six repeated-sprint sessions in normobaric hypoxia (RSH) and normoxia (RSN) in team-sport athletes during a 2-wk 'live high-train low' training camp. METHODS: While residing under normobaric hypoxia (≥14 h.d-1; FiO2 14.5-14.2%), twenty-three lowland elite field hockey players performed, in addition to their usual training, six sessions (4 × 5 × 5-s maximal sprints; 25 s passive recovery; 5 min rest) under either normobaric hypoxia (FiO2 ~14...
May 3, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
David Morales-Alamo, Jose A L Calbet
Reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (RONS) are generated during exercise depending on intensity, duration and training status. A greater amount of RONS is released during repeated high-intensity sprint exercise and when the exercise is performed in hypoxia. By activating adenosine monophosphate-activated kinase (AMPK), RONS play a critical role in the regulation of muscle metabolism but also in the adaptive responses to exercise training. RONS may activate AMPK by direct an indirect mechanisms. Directly, RONS may activate or deactivate AMPK by modifying RONS-sensitive residues of the AMPK-α subunit...
September 2016: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Paul S R Goods, Brian Dawson, Grant J Landers, Christopher J Gore, Kevin Croft, Peter Peeling
This investigation examined the oxidative stress (F2-Isoprostane; F2-IsoP) and inflammatory (interleukin-6; IL-6) responses to repeat-sprint training in hypoxia (RSH). Ten trained male team sport athletes performed 3(sets)*9(repetitions)*5 s cycling sprints in simulated altitude (3000 m) and sea-level conditions. Mean and peak sprint power output (MPO and PPO) were recorded, and blood samples were collected pre-exercise, and again at 8 and 60 min post-exercise. Both MPO and PPO were significantly reduced in hypoxia (compared to sea-level) in the second (MPO: 855 ± 89 vs...
November 2016: European Journal of Sport Science
Jaime Morrison, Chris McLellan, Clare Minahan
The present study compared the performance (peak speed, distance, and acceleration) of ten amateur team-sport athletes during a clustered (i.e., multiple sets) repeated-sprint protocol, (4 sets of 4, 4-s running sprints; i.e., RSR444) in normobaric normoxia (FiO2 = 0.209; i.e., RSN) with normobaric hypoxia (FiO2 = 0.140; i.e., RSH). Subjects completed two separate trials (i. RSN, ii. RSH; randomised order) between 48 h and 72 h apart on a non-motorized treadmill. In addition to performance, we examined blood lactate concentration [La(-)] and arterial oxygen saturation (SpO2) before, during, and after the RSR444...
December 2015: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
David Montero, Carsten Lundby
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Paul S R Goods, Brian Dawson, Grant J Landers, Christopher J Gore, Peter Peeling
To assess the impact of 'top-up' normoxic or hypoxic repeat-sprint training on sea-level repeat-sprint ability, thirty team sport athletes were randomly split into three groups, which were matched in running repeat-sprint ability (RSA), cycling RSA and 20 m shuttle run performance. Two groups then performed 15 maximal cycling repeat-sprint training sessions over 5 weeks, in either normoxia (NORM) or hypoxia (HYP), while a third group acted as a control (CON). In the post-training cycling RSA test, both NORM (13...
September 2015: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
Dennis-Peter Born, Raphael Faiss, Sarah Jean Willis, Jana Strahler, Gregoire P Millet, Hans-Christer Holmberg, Billy Sperlich
PURPOSE: To assess the circadian variations in salivary immunoglobin A (sIgA) and alpha-amylase activity (sAA), biomarkers of mucosal immune function, together with mood during 2 weeks of repeated sprint training in hypoxia (RSH) and normoxia (RSN). METHODS: Over a 2-week period, 17 competitive cross-country skiers performed six training sessions, each consisting of four sets of five 10-s bouts of all-out double-poling under either normobaric hypoxia (FiO2: 13.8%, 3000 m) or normoxia...
January 2016: European Journal of Applied Physiology
Hannes Gatterer, Kultida Klarod, Dieter Heinrich, Philipp Schlemmer, Stefan Dilitz, Martin Burtscher
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a maximal shuttle-run shock microcycle in hypoxia on repeated sprint ability (RSA, 6 × 40-m (6 × 20 m back and forth, 20" rest in between)), Yo-Yo-intermittent-recovery (YYIR) test performance, and redox-status. Fourteen soccer players (age: 23.9 ± 2.1 years), randomly assigned to hypoxia (∼ 3300 m) or normoxia training, performed 8 maximal shuttle-run training sessions within 12 days. YYIR test performance and RSA fatigue-slope improved independently of the hypoxia stimulus (p < 0...
August 2015: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
Nobukazu Kasai, Sahiro Mizuno, Sayuri Ishimoto, Etsuko Sakamoto, Misato Maruta, Kazushige Goto
BACKGROUND: This study determined the effect of repeated sprint training in hypoxia (RSH) in female athletes. METHODS: Thirty-two college female athletes performed repeated cycling sprints of two sets of 10 × 7-s sprints with a 30-s rest between sprints twice per week for 4 weeks under either normoxic conditions (RSN group; FiO2, 20.9%; n = 16) or hypoxic conditions (RSH group; FiO2, 14.5%; n = 16). The repeated sprint ability (10 × 7-s sprints) and maximal oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]) were determined before and after the training period...
2015: SpringerPlus
Franck Brocherie, Grégoire P Millet, Anna Hauser, Thomas Steiner, Julien Rysman, Jon P Wehrlin, Olivier Girard
PURPOSE: This study aims to investigate physical performance and hematological changes in 32 elite male team-sport players after 14 d of "live high-train low" (LHTL) training in normobaric hypoxia (≥14 h·d at 2800-3000 m) combined with repeated-sprint training (six sessions of four sets of 5 × 5-s sprints with 25 s of passive recovery) either in normobaric hypoxia at 3000 m (LHTL + RSH, namely, LHTLH; n = 11) or in normoxia (LHTL + RSN, namely, LHTL; n = 12) compared with controlled "live low-train low" (LLTL; n = 9) training...
October 2015: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Hannes Gatterer, Marc Philippe, Verena Menz, Florian Mosbach, Martin Faulhaber, Martin Burtscher
The purposes of the present study were to investigate if a) shuttle-run sprint training performed in a normobaric hypoxia chamber of limited size (4.75x2.25m) is feasible, in terms of producing the same absolute training load, when compared to training in normoxia, and b) if such training improves the repeated sprint ability (RSA) and the Yo-Yo intermittent recovery (YYIR) test outcome in young elite soccer players. Players of an elite soccer training Centre (age: 15.3 ± 0.5 years, height: 1.73 ± 0.07 m, body mass: 62...
December 2014: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
Raphael Faiss, Sarah Willis, Dennis-Peter Born, Billy Sperlich, Jean-Marc Vesin, Hans-Christer Holmberg, Grégoire P Millet
PURPOSE: Repeated-sprint training in hypoxia (RSH) was recently shown to improve repeated-sprint ability (RSA) in cycling. This phenomenon is likely to reflect fiber type-dependent, compensatory vasodilation, and therefore, our hypothesis was that RSH is even more beneficial for activities involving upper body muscles, such as double poling during cross-country skiing. METHODS: In a double-blinded fashion, 17 competitive cross-country skiers performed six sessions of repeated sprints (each consisting of four sets of five 10-s sprints, with 20-s intervals of recovery) either in normoxia (RSN, 300 m; FiO2, 20...
April 2015: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Franck Brocherie, Olivier Girard, Raphael Faiss, Grégoire P Millet
This study examined the effects of 5 weeks (∼60 minutes per training, 2 d·wk) of run-based high-intensity repeated-sprint ability (RSA) and explosive strength/agility/sprint training in either normobaric hypoxia repeated sprints in hypoxia (RSH; inspired oxygen fraction [FIO2] = 14.3%) or repeated sprints in normoxia (RSN; FIO2 = 21.0%) on physical performance in 16 highly trained, under-18 male footballers. For both RSH (n = 8) and RSN (n = 8) groups, lower-limb explosive power, sprinting (10-40 m) times, maximal aerobic speed, repeated-sprint (10 × 30 m, 30-s rest) and repeated-agility (RA) (6 × 20 m, 30-s rest) abilities were evaluated in normoxia before and after supervised training...
January 2015: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Blake D McLean, Christopher J Gore, Justin Kemp
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Hypoxic training techniques are increasingly used by athletes in an attempt to improve performance in normoxic environments. The 'live low-train high (LLTH)' model of hypoxic training may be of particular interest to athletes because LLTH protocols generally involve shorter hypoxic exposures (approximately two to five sessions per week of <3 h) than other traditional hypoxic training techniques (e.g., live high-train high or live high-train low). However, the methods employed in LLTH studies to date vary greatly with respect to exposure times, training intensities, training modalities, degrees of hypoxia and performance outcomes assessed...
September 2014: Sports Medicine
Harvey M Galvin, Karl Cooke, David P Sumners, Katya N Mileva, Joanna L Bowtell
Repeated sprint ability (RSA) is a critical success factor for intermittent sport performance. Repeated sprint training has been shown to improve RSA, we hypothesised that hypoxia would augment these training adaptations. Thirty male well-trained academy rugby union and rugby league players (18.4 ± 1.5 years, 1.83 ± 0.07 m, 88.1 ± 8.9 kg) participated in this single-blind repeated sprint training study. Participants completed 12 sessions of repeated sprint training (10 × 6 s, 30 s recovery) over 4 weeks in either hypoxia (13% FiO₂) or normoxia (21% FiO₂)...
December 2013: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Raphaël Faiss, Olivier Girard, Grégoire P Millet
Over the past two decades, intermittent hypoxic training (IHT), that is, a method where athletes live at or near sea level but train under hypoxic conditions, has gained unprecedented popularity. By adding the stress of hypoxia during 'aerobic' or 'anaerobic' interval training, it is believed that IHT would potentiate greater performance improvements compared to similar training at sea level. A thorough analysis of studies including IHT, however, leads to strikingly poor benefits for sea-level performance improvement, compared to the same training method performed in normoxia...
December 2013: British Journal of Sports Medicine
François Billaut, Robert J Aughey
The internationalism of field-based team sports (TS) such as football and rugby requires teams to compete in tournaments held at low to moderate altitude (∼1200-2500 m). In TS, acceleration, speed and aerobic endurance are physical characteristics associated with ball possession and, ultimately, scoring. While these qualities are affected by the development of neuromuscular fatigue at sea level, arterial hypoxaemia induced by exposure to altitude may further hinder the capacity to perform consecutive accelerations (CAC) or sprint endurance and thereby change the outcome of a match...
December 2013: British Journal of Sports Medicine
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