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Normobaric hypoxia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780328/contractile-activity-is-necessary-to-trigger-intermittent-hypobaric-hypoxia-induced-fiber-size-and-vascular-adaptations-in-skeletal-muscle
#1
David Rizo-Roca, Jèssica B Bonet, Büsra Ínal, Juan Gabriel Ríos-Kristjánsson, Teresa Pagès, Ginés Viscor, Joan R Torrella
Altitude training has become increasingly popular in recent decades. Its central and peripheral effects are well-described; however, few studies have analyzed the effects of intermittent hypobaric hypoxia (IHH) alone on skeletal muscle morphofunctionality. Here, we studied the effects of IHH on different myofiber morphofunctional parameters, investigating whether contractile activity is required to elicit hypoxia-induced adaptations in trained rats. Eighteen male Sprague-Dawley rats were trained 1 month and then divided into three groups: (1) rats in normobaria (trained normobaric inactive, TNI); (2) rats subjected daily to a 4-h exposure to hypobaric hypoxia equivalent to 4,000 m (trained hypobaric inactive, THI); and (3) rats subjected daily to a 4-h exposure to hypobaric hypoxia just before performing light exercise (trained hypobaric active, THA)...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775547/acute-dietary-nitrate-supplementation-does-not-attenuate-oxidative-stress-or-the-hemodynamic-response-during-submaximal-exercise-in-hypobaric-hypoxia
#2
Colin R Carriker, Paige Rombach, Brooke M Stevens, Roger A Vaughan, Ann L Gibson
PURPOSE: To investigate changes in oxidative stress, arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2), blood pressure (BP), and heart rate (HR) while exercising in hypobaric hypoxia following acute dietary nitrate supplementation. METHODS: Nine well-trained (60.8±7.8 ml/kg/min) males (29±7 years) visited the lab on 3 occasions, each separated by 1 week. Visit 1 included a maximal aerobic cycling test (VO2max) and 5 five-minute increasing intensity exercise bouts in a normobaric environment (1600m)...
May 18, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775415/exercise-cardiac-mri-unmasks-right-ventricular-dysfunction-in-acute-hypoxia-and-chronic-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#3
Shareen Kaur Jaijee, Marina Quinlan, Pawel Tokarczuk, Matthew Clemence, Luke S Howard, J Simon R Gibbs, Declan O'Regan
Background - Coupling of right ventricular (RV) contractility to afterload is maintained at rest in the early stages of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), but exercise may unmask depleted contractile reserves. We assessed whether elevated afterload reduces RV contractile reserve despite compensated resting function using non-invasive exercise imaging. Methods and Results - Fourteen patients with PAH (mean age 39.1 years, 10 females) and 34 healthy control subjects (mean age 35.6 years, 17 females) completed real-time cardiac magnetic resonance imaging during sub-maximal exercise breathing room-air...
May 18, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773069/high-altitude-pulmonary-hypertension
#4
Maurizio Bussotti, Giovanni Marchese
The effects of hypoxia on the human organism has been considered doubly fascinating by the scientific community: the knowledge of the discrete mechanisms allowing the acclimatization both at the genetic level or through the cell mediators production in addition to the macroscopic responses of the cardio-circulatory and ventilatory systems to a hypoxic environment has been progressively developed since the last century; moreover granting a safer stay in hypoxic conditions not only for the residents but also for the different cathegories of workers, sportsmen and tourists has been considered a worthy aim of the medical activity...
May 17, 2018: Cardiovascular & Hematological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763371/normobaric-hyperoxia-inhibits-the-progression-of-lung-cancer-by-inducing-apoptosis
#5
Sei Won Kim, In Kyoung Kim, Jick Hwan Ha, Chang Dong Yeo, Hyeon Hui Kang, Jin Woo Kim, Sang Haak Lee
Hypoxia is a critical characteristic of solid tumors with respect to cancer cell survival, angiogenesis, and metastasis. Hyperoxic treatment has been attempted to reverse hypoxia by enhancing the amount of dissolved oxygen in the plasma. In this study, we evaluated the effects of normobaric hyperoxia on the progression of lung cancer to determine whether oxygen toxicity can be used in cancer therapy. Following a tail vein injection of the Lewis lung carcinoma cells, C57BL/6J mice were exposed to a 24-h normobaric hyperoxia/normoxia cycle for two weeks...
May 2018: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750887/the-effects-of-acute-hypoxia-on-tissue-oxygenation-and-circulating-alarmins-in-healthy-adults
#6
C J Boos, C M Lamb, M Midwinter, A Mellor, D R Woods, M Howley, T Stansfield, M Foster, J P O'hara
The binding of high-mobility group box-1 (HMGB-1) to the membrane receptor for advanced glycation end-products (mRAGE) is a key early mediator of non-infectious inflammation and its triggers include ischaemia/hypoxia. The effects of acute hypoxia on soluble RAGE (sRAGE) are unknown. Fourteen healthy adults (50% women; 26.6+/-3.8 years) were assessed at baseline normoxia (T0), followed by four time-points (T90, 95, 100 and 180 minutes) over three hours of continuous normobaric hypoxia (NH, 4450m equivalent) and again 60 minutes after return to normoxia (T240)...
May 10, 2018: Physiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680708/sirt1-mediates-apelin-13-in-ameliorating-chronic-normobaric-hypoxia-induced-anxiety-like-behavior-by-suppressing-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway-in-mice-hippocampus
#7
Junming Fan, Hui Guang, Haizeng Zhang, Danyang Chen, Lu Ding, Xiaofang Fan, Feng Xue, Zhuohui Gan, Yongyu Wang, Sunzhong Mao, Lianggang Hu, Yongsheng Gong
We previously showed that apelin-13 ameliorates chronic normobaric hypoxia (CNH)-induced anxiety-like behavior in mice, the mechanism, however, is not well known. This study aims to investigate whether SIRT1 is involved in the anxiolytic effect of apelin-13 in CNH-treated mice, and to illustrate the potential underlying mechanism. We showed that apelin-13 treatment reversed a decrease of SIRT1 and an increase of acetylated p65 (lysine 310) proteins expression in hippocampus of CNH-treated mice, indicating that apelin-13 inhibited NF-κB signaling pathway by activating SIRT1...
April 19, 2018: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676955/mitochondrial-genome-modulates-myocardial-akt-glut-hk-salvage-pathway-in-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats-adapted-to-chronic-hypoxia
#8
Iveta Nedvedova, David Kolar, Barbara Elsnicova, Daniela Hornikova, Jiri Novotny, Martin Kalous, Michal Pravenec, Jan Neckar, Frantisek Kolar, Jitka M Zurmanova
Recently we have shown that adaptation to continuous normobaric hypoxia (CNH) decreases myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and in conplastic strain (SHR-mtBN ). The protective effect was stronger in the latter group characterized by a selective replacement of SHR mitochondrial genome with that of a more ischemia-resistant Brown Norway strain. The aim of the present study was to examine the possible involvement of the hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)-dependent pathway of the protein kinase B/glucose transporters/hexokinase (Akt/GLUT/HK) in this mitochondrial genome-related difference of the cardioprotective phenotype...
April 20, 2018: Physiological Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628903/hypoxia-worsens-affective-responses-and-feeling-of-fatigue-during-prolonged-bed-rest
#9
Nektarios A M Stavrou, Tadej Debevec, Ola Eiken, Igor B Mekjavic
Previous research, although limited, suggests that both hypoxia and bed rest influence psychological responses by exaggerating negative psychological responses and attenuating positive emotions. The present study investigated the effect of a 21-day prolonged exposure to normobaric hypoxia and bed rest on affective responses and fatigue. Eleven healthy participants underwent three 21-day interventions using a cross-over design: (1) normobaric hypoxic ambulatory confinement (HAMB), (2) normobaric hypoxic bed rest (HBR) and (3) normoxic bed rest (NBR)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577207/assessment-of-cardiac-vegetative-control-during-acute-graduated-exogenous-normobaric-hypoxia-in-rats
#10
V N Kotel'nikov, I O Osipov, Yu V Zayats, B I Gel'tser
The effects of exogenous normobaric hypoxic hypoxia on vegetative control of the heart and BP were examined in Wistar rats. The reference ranges of variation pulsometry parameters were determined in rats with normoxemia for 3 physiological variants of autonomic homeostasis: eutony, sympathicotony, and vagotony. Most rats (80%) demonstrated autonomic eutony. The study showed that saturation of arterial blood with oxygen is the most adequate assessment of severity of acute exogenous normobaric hypoxic hypoxia progressing within a closed hypoxic chamber, which standardizes this method and minimizes inaccuracies resulting from individual sensitivity to hypoxic stress...
March 26, 2018: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575698/effects-of-short-term-normobaric-hypoxic-walking-training-on-energetics-and-mechanics-of-gait-in-adults-with-obesity
#11
Aitor Fernández Menéndez, Gilles Saudan, Ludovic Sperisen, Didier Hans, Mathieu Saubade, Grégoire P Millet, Davide Malatesta
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of short-term hypoxic versus normoxic training at preferred walking speed (PWS) on energetics, mechanics, efficiency, and metabolic risk markers in individuals with obesity. METHODS: Twenty-three subjects with obesity performed nine 1-hour sessions at PWS under hypoxia (3,000 m, n = 12; BMI: 34.0 ± 0.8 kg/m2 ) or normoxia (360 m, n = 11; BMI: 32.9 ± 0.8 kg/m2 ). Participants performed six 5-minute walking trials at different speeds (PWS, 0...
March 25, 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560100/nod2-deficiency-exacerbates-hypoxia-induced-pulmonary-hypertension-and-enhances-pulmonary-vascular-smooth-muscle-cell-proliferation
#12
Min-Young Kwon, Narae Hwang, Young-Jun Park, Mark A Perrella, Su Wol Chung
Expression of nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain protein 2 (NOD2) is upregulated in pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) during hypoxia. To investigate the involvement of NOD2 in the pulmonary vascular response to hypoxia, we subjected wild-type and NOD2-deficient mice to chronic normobaric hypoxic conditions. Compared to wild-type mice, NOD2-deficient mice developed severe pulmonary hypertension with exaggerated elevation of right ventricular systolic pressure, profound right ventricular hypertrophy and striking vascular remodeling after exposure to hypoxia...
February 27, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559919/cutaneous-microvascular-blood-flow-and-reactivity-in-hypoxia
#13
Benedikt Treml, Axel Kleinsasser, Karl-Heinz Stadlbauer, Iris Steiner, Werner Pajk, Michael Pilch, Martin Burtscher, Hans Knotzer
As is known, hypoxia leads to an increase in microcirculatory blood flow of the skin in healthy volunteers. In this pilot study, we investigated microcirculatory blood flow and reactive hyperemia of the skin in healthy subjects in normobaric hypoxia. Furthermore, we examined differences in microcirculation between hypoxic subjects with and without short-term acclimatization, whether or not skin microvasculature can acclimatize. Fourty-six healthy persons were randomly allocated to either short-term acclimatization using intermittent hypoxia for 1 h over 7 days at an FiO2 0...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557095/transcutaneous-oximetry-variability-in-normal-values-for-the-upper-and-lower-limb
#14
Denise F Blake, Derelle A Young, Lawrence H Brown
INTRODUCTION: Published normal transcutaneous oxygen partial pressures (Ptc O2 ) for the chest and lower limb have defined tissue hypoxia as a value of < 40 mmHg (< 30 mmHg in some patients, < 50 mmHg in others). AIM: To determine 'normal' Ptc O2 for the upper and lower limb in healthy, non-smoking adults using the Radiometer® TCM400 with tc Sensor E5250. METHOD: Thirty-two volunteers had transcutaneous oxygen measurements (TCOM) performed on the chest, upper and lower limbs breathing air, with leg then arm elevated and whilst breathing 100% oxygen...
March 31, 2018: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541487/pbto-2-monitoring-in-normobaric-hyperoxia-targeted-therapy-in-acute-subarachnoidal-hemorrhage
#15
Vasilije Stambolija, Martina Miklić Bublić, Marin Lozić, Jakob Nemir, Miroslav Ščap
Background: Low brain tissue oxygen tension (PbtO2 ), or brain hypoxia, is an independent predictor of poor outcome. Increasing inspirational fraction of oxygen could have a significant influence on treating lower PbtO2 . Combined PbtO2 therapy, compared to the approach that focus only on regulation of cerebral perfusion pressure and intracranial pressure, shows better patient outcomes. Monitoring of PbtO2 could be helpful in individualizing treatment, preventing or limiting secondary brain injury, and maintaining better patient outcome...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541032/the-influence-of-co-2-and-exercise-on-hypobaric-hypoxia-induced-pulmonary-edema-in-rats
#16
Ryan L Sheppard, Joshua M Swift, Aaron Hall, Richard T Mahon
Introduction: Individuals with a known susceptibility to high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) demonstrate a reduced ventilation response and increased pulmonary vasoconstriction when exposed to hypoxia. It is unknown whether reduced sensitivity to hypercapnia is correlated with increased incidence and/or severity of HAPE, and while acute exercise at altitude is known to exacerbate symptoms the effect of exercise training on HAPE susceptibility is unclear. Purpose: To determine if chronic intermittent hypercapnia and exercise increases the incidence of HAPE in rats...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522371/ubc-nepal-expedition-imposed-oscillatory-shear-stress-does-not-further-attenuate-flow-mediated-dilation-during-acute-and-sustained-hypoxia
#17
Joshua C Tremblay, Connor A Howe, Philip N Ainslie, Kyra Ellen Pyke
Experimentally-induced oscillatory shear stress (OSS) and hypoxia reduce endothelial function in humans. Acute and sustained hypoxia may cause increases in resting OSS; however, whether this influences endothelial susceptibility to further increases in OSS is unknown. Healthy lowlanders (n=15, 30{plus minus}6 years [mean{plus minus}SD]) participated in three OSS interventions; two at sea level (normoxia and following 20-minutes of normobaric hypoxia [acute hypoxia, 11% O2 ]) and one 5-7 days after a 9-day ascent to 5050m (sustained hypoxia)...
March 9, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521064/the-effect-of-high-intensity-physical-exercise-and-hypoxia-on-glycemia-angiogenic-biomarkers-and-cardiorespiratory-function-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes
#18
Aleksandra Żebrowska, Barbara Hall, Aleksandra Kochańska-Dziurowicz, Grażyna Janikowska
BACKGROUND: An integral part of the treatment of diabetes is physical activity. Scientific reports have shown the beneficial effects of hypoxia and exercise on cardiovascular and metabolic variables in patients with diabetes. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess the effect of normobaric hypoxia and exercise on the serum concentrations of proangiogenic factors and glycemia in patients with type 1 diabetes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 28 adults (aged 30...
February 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502264/pulmonary-hemodynamics-responses-to-hypoxia-and-or-co-2-inhalation-during-moderate-exercise-in-humans
#19
Stéphane Doutreleau, Irina Enache, Cristina Pistea, Bernard Geny, Anne Charloux
In this study, we hypothesized that adding CO2 to an inhaled hypoxic gas mixture will limit the rise of pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) induced by a moderate exercise. Eight 20-year-old males performed four constant-load exercise tests on cycle at 40% of maximal oxygen consumption in four conditions: ambient air, normobaric hypoxia (12.5% O2 ), inhaled CO2 (4.5% CO2 ), and combination of hypoxia and inhaled CO2 . Doppler echocardiography was used to measure systolic (s)PAP, cardiac output (CO). Total pulmonary resistance (TPR) was calculated...
March 3, 2018: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488785/highs-and-lows-of-hyperoxia-physiological-performance-and-clinical-aspects
#20
Julien Vincent Brugniaux, Geoff B Coombs, Otto F Barak, Zeljko Dujic, Mypinder S Sekhon, Philip N Ainslie
Molecular oxygen (O2 ) is a vital element in human survival and plays a major role in a diverse range of biological and physiological processes. Although normobaric hyperoxia can increase arterial oxygen content (CaO2 ), it also causes vasoconstriction and hence reduces O2 delivery in various vascular beds including the heart, skeletal muscle, and brain. Thus, a seemingly paradoxical situation exists in which the administration of oxygen may place tissues at increased risk of hypoxic stress. Nevertheless, with various degrees of effectiveness, and not without consequences, supplemental oxygen is used clinically in an attempt to correct tissue hypoxia (e...
February 28, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
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