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Repeated sprint in hypoxia

Michael J Hamlin, Peter D Olsen, Helen C Marshall, Catherine A Lizamore, Catherine A Elliot
This study aims to investigate the performance changes in 19 well-trained male rugby players after repeat-sprint training (six sessions of four sets of 5 × 5 s sprints with 25 s and 5 min of active recovery between reps and sets, respectively) in either normobaric hypoxia (HYP; n = 9; FIO2 = 14.5%) or normobaric normoxia (NORM; n = 10; FIO2 = 20.9%). Three weeks after the intervention, 2 additional repeat-sprint training sessions in hypoxia (FIO2 = 14.5%) was investigated in both groups to gauge the efficacy of using "top-up" sessions for previously hypoxic-trained subjects and whether a small hypoxic dose would be beneficial for the previously normoxic-trained group...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
Franck Brocherie, Olivier Girard, Raphaël Faiss, Grégoire P Millet
BACKGROUND: Repeated-sprint training in hypoxia (RSH) is a recent intervention regarding which numerous studies have reported effects on sea-level physical performance outcomes that are debated. No previous study has performed a meta-analysis of the effects of RSH. OBJECTIVE: We systematically reviewed the literature and meta-analyzed the effects of RSH versus repeated-sprint training in normoxia (RSN) on key components of sea-level physical performance, i.e., best and mean (all sprint) performance during repeated-sprint exercise and aerobic capacity (i...
February 13, 2017: Sports Medicine
Nobukazu Kasai, Chihiro Kojima, Kazushige Goto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Marta Camacho-Cardenosa, Alba Camacho-Cardenosa, Ismael Martínez Guardado, Marta Marcos-Serrano, Rafael Timon, Guillermo Olcina
BACKGROUND: This pilot study had the aim to determine the effects of a new dose of maximal-intensity interval training in hypoxia in active adults. METHODS: Twenty-four university student volunteers were randomly assigned to three groups: hypoxia group, normoxia group or control group. The eight training sessions consisted of 2 sets of 5 repeated sprints of 10 seconds with a recovery of 20 seconds between sprints and a recovery period of 10 minutes between sets...
January 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Laurent Trincat, Xavier Woorons, Grégoire P Millet
PURPOSE: Repeated-sprint training in hypoxia (RSH) has been shown as an efficient method for improving repeated sprint ability (RSA) in team-sport players but has not been investigated in swimming. We assessed whether RSH with arterial desaturation induced by voluntary hypoventilation at low lung volume (VHL) could improve RSA to a greater extent than the same training performed under normal breathing (NB) conditions. METHODS: 16 competitive swimmers completed six sessions of repeated sprints (two sets of 16x15 m with 30 s send-off) either with VHL (RSH-VHL, n=8) or with NB (RSN, n=8)...
June 13, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
David Montero, Carsten Lundby
PURPOSE: Few recent studies indicate that short-term repeated sprint training in hypoxia (RSH) improves repeated sprint (RS) performance compared with identical training under normoxic conditions (RSN) in endurance-trained subjects. Herein, we sought to determine the effects of RSH against RSN on RS performance under normoxic and moderate hypoxic conditions, using a randomized, double-blind and cross-over experimental design. METHODS: Fifteen endurance-trained male subjects (age=25±4 years) performed 4 weeks of RS training (3 sessions/week) in normobaric hypoxia (RSH, FiO2=13...
May 3, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Franck Brocherie, Grégoire P Millet, Olivier Girard
PURPOSE: To compare psychophysiological responses to 6 repeated-sprint sessions in normobaric hypoxia (RSH) and normoxia (RSN) in team-sport athletes during a 2-wk "live high-train low" training camp. METHODS: While residing under normobaric hypoxia (≥14 h/d, FiO2 14.5-14.2%), 23 lowland elite field hockey players performed, in addition to their usual training, 6 sessions (4 × 5 × 5-s maximal sprints, 25-s passive recovery, 5 min rest) under either RSH (FiO2 ~14...
January 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Franck Brocherie, Grégoire P Millet, Jean-Benoit Morin, Olivier Girard
PURPOSE: Compelling evidence suggests larger performance decrements during hypoxic versus normoxic repeated sprinting. Yet the underlying mechanical alterations have not been thoroughly investigated. Therefore, we examined the effects of different levels of normobaric hypoxia on running mechanical performance during repeated treadmill sprinting. METHODS: Thirteen team sport athletes performed eight 5-s sprints with 25 s of passive recovery on an instrumented treadmill in either normoxia near sea level (SL; FiO2 = 20...
August 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Olivier Girard, Franck Brocherie, Grégoire P Millet
We assessed knee extensor neuromuscular adjustments following repeated treadmill sprints in different normobaric hypoxia conditions, with special reference to rapid muscle torque production capacity. Thirteen team- and racquet-sport athletes undertook 8 × 5-s "all-out" sprints (passive recovery = 25 s) on a non-motorized treadmill in normoxia (NM; FiO2 = 20.9%), at low (LA; FiO2 = 16.8%) and high (HA; FiO2 = 13.3%) normobaric hypoxia (simulated altitudes of ~1800 m and ~3600 m, respectively). Explosive (~1 s; "fast" instruction) and maximal (~5 s; "hard" instruction) voluntary isometric contractions (MVC) of the knee extensors (KE), with concurrent electromyographic (EMG) activity recordings of the vastus lateralis (VL) and rectus femoris (RF) muscles, were performed before and 1-min post-exercise...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
David Morales-Alamo, Jose A L Calbet
Reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (RONS) are generated during exercise depending on intensity, duration and training status. A greater amount of RONS is released during repeated high-intensity sprint exercise and when the exercise is performed in hypoxia. By activating adenosine monophosphate-activated kinase (AMPK), RONS play a critical role in the regulation of muscle metabolism but also in the adaptive responses to exercise training. RONS may activate AMPK by direct an indirect mechanisms. Directly, RONS may activate or deactivate AMPK by modifying RONS-sensitive residues of the AMPK-α subunit...
September 2016: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Paul S R Goods, Brian Dawson, Grant J Landers, Christopher J Gore, Kevin Croft, Peter Peeling
This investigation examined the oxidative stress (F2-Isoprostane; F2-IsoP) and inflammatory (interleukin-6; IL-6) responses to repeat-sprint training in hypoxia (RSH). Ten trained male team sport athletes performed 3(sets)*9(repetitions)*5 s cycling sprints in simulated altitude (3000 m) and sea-level conditions. Mean and peak sprint power output (MPO and PPO) were recorded, and blood samples were collected pre-exercise, and again at 8 and 60 min post-exercise. Both MPO and PPO were significantly reduced in hypoxia (compared to sea-level) in the second (MPO: 855 ± 89 vs...
November 2016: European Journal of Sport Science
Jaime Morrison, Chris McLellan, Clare Minahan
The present study compared the performance (peak speed, distance, and acceleration) of ten amateur team-sport athletes during a clustered (i.e., multiple sets) repeated-sprint protocol, (4 sets of 4, 4-s running sprints; i.e., RSR444) in normobaric normoxia (FiO2 = 0.209; i.e., RSN) with normobaric hypoxia (FiO2 = 0.140; i.e., RSH). Subjects completed two separate trials (i. RSN, ii. RSH; randomised order) between 48 h and 72 h apart on a non-motorized treadmill. In addition to performance, we examined blood lactate concentration [La(-)] and arterial oxygen saturation (SpO2) before, during, and after the RSR444...
December 2015: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
Olivier Girard, Franck Brocherie, Jean-Benoit Morin, Grégoire P Millet
We determined if performance and mechanical running alterations during repeated treadmill sprinting differ between severely hot and hypoxic environments. Six male recreational sportsmen (team- and racket-sport background) performed five 5-s sprints with 25-s recovery on an instrumented treadmill, allowing the continuous (step-by-step) measurement of running kinetics/kinematics and spring-mass characteristics. These were randomly conducted in control (CON; 25°C/45% RH, inspired fraction of oxygen = 20.9%), hot (HOT; 38°C/21% RH, inspired fraction of oxygen = 20...
2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
David Montero, Carsten Lundby
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Olivier Girard, Franck Brocherie, Jean-Benoit Morin, Grégoire P Millet
To improve our understanding of the limiting factors during repeated sprinting, we manipulated hypoxia severity during an initial set and examined the effects on performance and associated neuro-mechanical alterations during a subsequent set performed in normoxia. On separate days, 13 active males performed eight 5-s sprints (recovery = 25 s) on an instrumented treadmill in either normoxia near sea-level (SL; FiO2 = 20.9%), moderate (MH; FiO2 = 16.8%) or severe normobaric hypoxia (SH; FiO2 = 13.3%) followed, 6 min later, by four 5-s sprints (recovery = 25 s) in normoxia...
2015: Frontiers in Physiology
Paul S R Goods, Brian Dawson, Grant J Landers, Christopher J Gore, Peter Peeling
To assess the impact of 'top-up' normoxic or hypoxic repeat-sprint training on sea-level repeat-sprint ability, thirty team sport athletes were randomly split into three groups, which were matched in running repeat-sprint ability (RSA), cycling RSA and 20 m shuttle run performance. Two groups then performed 15 maximal cycling repeat-sprint training sessions over 5 weeks, in either normoxia (NORM) or hypoxia (HYP), while a third group acted as a control (CON). In the post-training cycling RSA test, both NORM (13...
September 2015: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
Dennis-Peter Born, Raphael Faiss, Sarah Jean Willis, Jana Strahler, Gregoire P Millet, Hans-Christer Holmberg, Billy Sperlich
PURPOSE: To assess the circadian variations in salivary immunoglobin A (sIgA) and alpha-amylase activity (sAA), biomarkers of mucosal immune function, together with mood during 2 weeks of repeated sprint training in hypoxia (RSH) and normoxia (RSN). METHODS: Over a 2-week period, 17 competitive cross-country skiers performed six training sessions, each consisting of four sets of five 10-s bouts of all-out double-poling under either normobaric hypoxia (FiO2: 13.8%, 3000 m) or normoxia...
January 2016: European Journal of Applied Physiology
Tom R Eaton, Aaron Potter, François Billaut, Derek Panchuk, David B Pyne, Christopher J Gore, Ting-Ting Chen, Leon McQuade, Nigel K Stepto
Heat and hypoxia exacerbate central nervous system (CNS) fatigue. We therefore investigated whether essential amino acid (EAA) and caffeine ingestion attenuates CNS fatigue in a simulated team sport-specific running protocol in a hot, hypoxic environment. Subelite male team sport athletes (n = 8) performed a repeat sprint running protocol on a nonmotorized treadmill in an extreme environment on 4 separate occasions. Participants ingested one of four supplements: a double placebo, 3 body mass of caffeine + placebo, 2 x 7 g EAA (Musashi Create)+placebo, or caffeine + EAA before each exercise session using a randomized, double-blind crossover design...
February 2016: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
Hannes Gatterer, Kultida Klarod, Dieter Heinrich, Philipp Schlemmer, Stefan Dilitz, Martin Burtscher
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a maximal shuttle-run shock microcycle in hypoxia on repeated sprint ability (RSA, 6 × 40-m (6 × 20 m back and forth, 20" rest in between)), Yo-Yo-intermittent-recovery (YYIR) test performance, and redox-status. Fourteen soccer players (age: 23.9 ± 2.1 years), randomly assigned to hypoxia (∼ 3300 m) or normoxia training, performed 8 maximal shuttle-run training sessions within 12 days. YYIR test performance and RSA fatigue-slope improved independently of the hypoxia stimulus (p < 0...
August 2015: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
Nobukazu Kasai, Sahiro Mizuno, Sayuri Ishimoto, Etsuko Sakamoto, Misato Maruta, Kazushige Goto
BACKGROUND: This study determined the effect of repeated sprint training in hypoxia (RSH) in female athletes. METHODS: Thirty-two college female athletes performed repeated cycling sprints of two sets of 10 × 7-s sprints with a 30-s rest between sprints twice per week for 4 weeks under either normoxic conditions (RSN group; FiO2, 20.9%; n = 16) or hypoxic conditions (RSH group; FiO2, 14.5%; n = 16). The repeated sprint ability (10 × 7-s sprints) and maximal oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]) were determined before and after the training period...
2015: SpringerPlus
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