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Repeated sprint in hypoxia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032393/acute-effects-of-repeated-cycling-sprints-in-hypoxia-induced-by-voluntary-hypoventilation
#1
Xavier Woorons, Patrick Mucci, Julien Aucouturier, Agathe Anthierens, Grégoire P Millet
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the acute responses to repeated-sprint exercise (RSE) in hypoxia induced by voluntary hypoventilation at low lung volume (VHL). METHODS: Nine well-trained subjects performed two sets of eight 6-s sprints on a cycle ergometer followed by 24 s of inactive recovery. RSE was randomly carried out either with normal breathing (RSN) or with VHL (RSH-VHL). Peak (PPO) and mean power output (MPO) of each sprint were measured. Arterial oxygen saturation, heart rate (HR), gas exchange and muscle concentrations of oxy-([O2Hb]) and deoxyhaemoglobin/myoglobin ([HHb]) were continuously recorded throughout exercise...
October 14, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965346/impact-of-5-days-of-sprint-training-in-hypoxia-on-performance-and-muscle-energy-substances
#2
Nobukazu Kasai, Chihiro Kojima, Daichi Sumi, Hideyuki Takahashi, Kazushige Goto, Yasuhiro Suzuki
The present study was designed to determine the effect of 5 consecutive days of repeated sprint training under hypoxia on anaerobic performance and energy substances. Nineteen male sprinters performed repeated sprints for 5 consecutive days under a hypoxic (HYPO; fraction of inspired oxygen [FiO2], 14.5%) or normoxic (NOR; FiO2, 20.9%) condition. Before and after the training period, 10-s maximal sprint, repeated sprint ability (5×6-s sprints), 30-s maximal sprint, and maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) tests were conducted...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852828/exercise-related-sensations-contribute-to-decrease-power-during-repeated-cycle-sprints-with-limited-influence-on-neural-drive
#3
Olivier Girard, François Billaut, Ryan J Christian, Paul S Bradley, David J Bishop
PURPOSES: We manipulated the inspired oxygen fraction (FiO2) to examine the effects of physiological perturbations on exercise-related sensations and the neural drive of the quadriceps during repeated, brief, maximal cycle sprints. METHODS: Nine active males completed a repeated sprint cycle protocol (10 × 4-s maximal sprints with 30 s of passive recovery) in normoxia (NM; FiO2 0.21) and severe normobaric hypoxia (HY; FiO2 0.13). Peak power, quadriceps Root Mean Squared electromyography (RMS EMG), physiological (heart rate, arterial oxygen saturation, blood lactate concentration) and perceptual responses were recorded...
November 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620311/physiological-adaptations-to-hypoxic-vs-normoxic-training-during-intermittent-living-high
#4
Stefan De Smet, Paul van Herpt, Gommaar D'Hulst, Ruud Van Thienen, Marc Van Leemputte, Peter Hespel
In the setting of "living high," it is unclear whether high-intensity interval training (HIIT) should be performed "low" or "high" to stimulate muscular and performance adaptations. Therefore, 10 physically active males participated in a 5-week "live high-train low or high" program (TR), whilst eight subjects were not engaged in any altitude or training intervention (CON). Five days per week (~15.5 h per day), TR was exposed to normobaric hypoxia simulating progressively increasing altitude of ~2,000-3,250 m...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451905/effects-of-altitude-hypoxia-on-single-and-multiple-sprint-performance-a-comprehensive-review
#5
REVIEW
Olivier Girard, Franck Brocherie, Grégoire P Millet
Many sport competitions, typically involving the completion of single- (e.g. track-and-field or track cycling events) and multiple-sprint exercises (e.g. team and racquet sports, cycling races), are staged at terrestrial altitudes ranging from 1000 to 2500 m. Our aim was to comprehensively review the current knowledge on the responses to either acute or chronic altitude exposure relevant to single and multiple sprints. Performance of a single sprint is generally not negatively affected by acute exposure to simulated altitude (i...
April 27, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445224/impact-of-6-consecutive-days-of-sprint-training-in-hypoxia-on-performance-in-competitive-sprint-runners
#6
Nobukazu Kasai, Sahiro Mizuno, Sayuri Ishimoto, Etsuko Sakamoto, Misato Maruta, Toshiyuki Kurihara, Yuko Kurosawa, Kazushige Goto
The purpose of the present study was to determine the effects of 6 successive days of repeated sprint training in moderate hypoxia on anaerobic capacity in 100-200-m sprint runners. Eighteen male sprint runners (age, 20.0 ± 0.3 years; height, 175.9 ± 1.1 cm; body mass, 65.0 ± 1.2 kg) performed repeated cycling sprints for 6 consecutive days in either normoxic (NOR; fraction of inspired oxygen [FiO2], 20.9%; n = 9) or hypoxic conditions (HYPO; FiO2, 14.5%; n = 9). The repeated sprint ability (10 × 6-s sprints), 30-s maximal sprint ability, maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), and 60-m running time on the track were measured before and after the training period...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332025/endurance-aerobic-high-intensity-and-repeated-sprint-cycling-performance-is-unaffected-by-normobaric-live-high-train-low-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-cross-over-study
#7
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jacob Bejder, Andreas Breenfeldt Andersen, Rie Buchardt, Tanja Hultengren Larsson, Niels Vidiendal Olsen, Nikolai Baastrup Nordsborg
The aim was to investigate whether 6 weeks of normobaric "Live High-Train Low" (LHTL) using altitude tents affect highly trained athletes incremental peak power, 26-km time-trial cycling performance, 3-min all-out performance, and 30-s repeated sprint ability. In a double-blinded, placebo-controlled cross-over design, seven highly trained triathletes were exposed to 6 weeks of normobaric hypoxia (LHTL) and normoxia (placebo) for 8 h/day. LHTL exposure consisted of 2 weeks at 2500 m, 2 weeks at 3000 m, and 2 weeks at 3500 m...
May 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277432/physiological-factors-associated-with-declining-repeated-sprint-performance-in-hypoxia
#8
Hannes Gatterer, Verena Menz, Christian Untersteiner, Kultida Klarod, Martin Burtscher
Performance loss in hypoxia might not only be caused by reduced oxygen availability, but might also be influenced by other factors, as for example oxidative stress, perceived exertion or breathing patterns. This study aimed to investigate the influence of these factors on running performance during hypoxic and normoxic shuttle-run sprinting. Eight male amateur soccer players performed shuttle-run sprints in hypoxia (FiO2∼14.8%) and normoxia (random order). Each session comprised 3-sets of 5x10s back and forth sprints (4...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239359/variations-in-hypoxia-impairs-muscle-oxygenation-and-performance-during-simulated-team-sport-running
#9
Alice J Sweeting, François Billaut, Matthew C Varley, Ramón F Rodriguez, William G Hopkins, Robert J Aughey
Purpose: To quantify the effect of acute hypoxia on muscle oxygenation and power during simulated team-sport running. Methods: Seven individuals performed repeated and single sprint efforts, embedded in a simulated team-sport running protocol, on a non-motorized treadmill in normoxia (sea-level), and acute normobaric hypoxia (simulated altitudes of 2,000 and 3,000 m). Mean and peak power was quantified during all sprints and repeated sprints. Mean total work, heart rate, blood oxygen saturation, and quadriceps muscle deoxyhaemoglobin concentration (assessed via near-infrared spectroscopy) were measured over the entire protocol...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223938/hypoxic-repeat-sprint-training-improves-rugby-player-s-repeated-sprint-but-not-endurance-performance
#10
Michael J Hamlin, Peter D Olsen, Helen C Marshall, Catherine A Lizamore, Catherine A Elliot
This study aims to investigate the performance changes in 19 well-trained male rugby players after repeat-sprint training (six sessions of four sets of 5 × 5 s sprints with 25 s and 5 min of active recovery between reps and sets, respectively) in either normobaric hypoxia (HYP; n = 9; FIO2 = 14.5%) or normobaric normoxia (NORM; n = 10; FIO2 = 20.9%). Three weeks after the intervention, 2 additional repeat-sprint training sessions in hypoxia (FIO2 = 14.5%) was investigated in both groups to gauge the efficacy of using "top-up" sessions for previously hypoxic-trained subjects and whether a small hypoxic dose would be beneficial for the previously normoxic-trained group...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194720/effects-of-repeated-sprint-training-in-hypoxia-on-sea-level-performance-a-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Franck Brocherie, Olivier Girard, Raphaël Faiss, Grégoire P Millet
BACKGROUND: Repeated-sprint training in hypoxia (RSH) is a recent intervention regarding which numerous studies have reported effects on sea-level physical performance outcomes that are debated. No previous study has performed a meta-analysis of the effects of RSH. OBJECTIVE: We systematically reviewed the literature and meta-analyzed the effects of RSH versus repeated-sprint training in normoxia (RSN) on key components of sea-level physical performance, i.e., best and mean (all sprint) performance during repeated-sprint exercise and aerobic capacity (i...
August 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27584270/metabolic-and-performance-responses-to-repeated-sprint-exercise-in-hypoxia-in-female-athletes-1114-board-3-june-1-3-15-pm-5-15-pm
#12
Nobukazu Kasai, Chihiro Kojima, Kazushige Goto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27441916/a-new-dose-of-maximal-intensity-interval-training-in-hypoxia-to-improve-body-composition-and-hemoglobin-and-hematocrit-levels-a-pilot-study
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Marta Camacho-Cardenosa, Alba Camacho-Cardenosa, Ismael Martínez Guardado, Marta Marcos-Serrano, Rafael Timon, Guillermo Olcina
BACKGROUND: This pilot study had the aim to determine the effects of a new dose of maximal-intensity interval training in hypoxia in active adults. METHODS: Twenty-four university student volunteers were randomly assigned to three groups: hypoxia group, normoxia group or control group. The eight training sessions consisted of 2 sets of 5 repeated sprints of 10 seconds with a recovery of 20 seconds between sprints and a recovery period of 10 minutes between sets...
January 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27294771/repeated-sprint-training-in-hypoxia-induced-by-voluntary-hypoventilation-in-swimming
#14
Laurent Trincat, Xavier Woorons, Grégoire P Millet
PURPOSE: Repeated-sprint training in hypoxia (RSH) has been shown as an efficient method for improving repeated sprint ability (RSA) in team-sport players but has not been investigated in swimming. We assessed whether RSH with arterial desaturation induced by voluntary hypoventilation at low lung volume (VHL) could improve RSA to a greater extent than the same training performed under normal breathing (NB) conditions. METHODS: 16 competitive swimmers completed six sessions of repeated sprints (two sets of 16×15 m with 30 s send-off) either with VHL (RSH-VHL, n=8) or with NB (RSN, n=8)...
August 24, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27140941/no-improved-performance-with-repeated-sprint-training-in-hypoxia-versus-normoxia-a-double-blind-and-crossover-study
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
David Montero, Carsten Lundby
CONTEXT: Few recent studies indicate that short-term repeated-sprint (RS) training in hypoxia (RSH) improves RS performance compared with identical training under normoxic conditions (RSN) in endurance-trained subjects. PURPOSE: To determine the effects of RSH against RSN on RS performance under normoxic and moderate hypoxic conditions, using a randomized, doubleblind, crossover experimental design. METHODS: Fifteen endurance-trained male subjects (age 25 ± 4 y) performed 4 wk of RS training (3 sessions/wk) in normobaric hypoxia (RSH, FiO2 = 13...
February 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27139930/psychophysiological-responses-to-repeated-sprint-training-in-normobaric-hypoxia-and-normoxia
#16
Franck Brocherie, Grégoire P Millet, Olivier Girard
PURPOSE: To compare psychophysiological responses to 6 repeated-sprint sessions in normobaric hypoxia (RSH) and normoxia (RSN) in team-sport athletes during a 2-wk "live high-train low" training camp. METHODS: While residing under normobaric hypoxia (≥14 h/d, FiO2 14.5-14.2%), 23 lowland elite field hockey players performed, in addition to their usual training, 6 sessions (4 × 5 × 5-s maximal sprints, 25-s passive recovery, 5 min rest) under either RSH (FiO2 ~14...
January 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27031740/mechanical-alterations-to-repeated-treadmill-sprints-in-normobaric-hypoxia
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Franck Brocherie, Grégoire P Millet, Jean-Benoit Morin, Olivier Girard
PURPOSE: Compelling evidence suggests larger performance decrements during hypoxic versus normoxic repeated sprinting. Yet the underlying mechanical alterations have not been thoroughly investigated. Therefore, we examined the effects of different levels of normobaric hypoxia on running mechanical performance during repeated treadmill sprinting. METHODS: Thirteen team sport athletes performed eight 5-s sprints with 25 s of passive recovery on an instrumented treadmill in either normoxia near sea level (SL; FiO2 = 20...
August 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27014095/high-altitude-increases-alteration-in-maximal-torque-but-not-in-rapid-torque-development-in-knee-extensors-after-repeated-treadmill-sprinting
#18
Olivier Girard, Franck Brocherie, Grégoire P Millet
We assessed knee extensor neuromuscular adjustments following repeated treadmill sprints in different normobaric hypoxia conditions, with special reference to rapid muscle torque production capacity. Thirteen team- and racquet-sport athletes undertook 8 × 5-s "all-out" sprints (passive recovery = 25 s) on a non-motorized treadmill in normoxia (NM; FiO2 = 20.9%), at low (LA; FiO2 = 16.8%) and high (HA; FiO2 = 13.3%) normobaric hypoxia (simulated altitudes of ~1800 m and ~3600 m, respectively). Explosive (~1 s; "fast" instruction) and maximal (~5 s; "hard" instruction) voluntary isometric contractions (MVC) of the knee extensors (KE), with concurrent electromyographic (EMG) activity recordings of the vastus lateralis (VL) and rectus femoris (RF) muscles, were performed before and 1-min post-exercise...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26804254/ampk-signaling-in-skeletal-muscle-during-exercise-role-of-reactive-oxygen-and-nitrogen-species
#19
David Morales-Alamo, Jose A L Calbet
Reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (RONS) are generated during exercise depending on intensity, duration and training status. A greater amount of RONS is released during repeated high-intensity sprint exercise and when the exercise is performed in hypoxia. By activating adenosine monophosphate-activated kinase (AMPK), RONS play a critical role in the regulation of muscle metabolism but also in the adaptive responses to exercise training. RONS may activate AMPK by direct an indirect mechanisms. Directly, RONS may activate or deactivate AMPK by modifying RONS-sensitive residues of the AMPK-α subunit...
September 2016: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26690262/effect-of-repeat-sprint-training-in-hypoxia-on-post-exercise-interleukin-6-and-f2-isoprostanes
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Paul S R Goods, Brian Dawson, Grant J Landers, Christopher J Gore, Kevin Croft, Peter Peeling
This investigation examined the oxidative stress (F2-Isoprostane; F2-IsoP) and inflammatory (interleukin-6; IL-6) responses to repeat-sprint training in hypoxia (RSH). Ten trained male team sport athletes performed 3(sets)*9(repetitions)*5 s cycling sprints in simulated altitude (3000 m) and sea-level conditions. Mean and peak sprint power output (MPO and PPO) were recorded, and blood samples were collected pre-exercise, and again at 8 and 60 min post-exercise. Both MPO and PPO were significantly reduced in hypoxia (compared to sea-level) in the second (MPO: 855 ± 89 vs...
November 2016: European Journal of Sport Science
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