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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802360/resolution-of-bilateral-sensorineural-hearing-loss-following-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-and-literature-review
#1
A Jamshidi, C Glidewell, J Murnick, S Magge, B K Reilly
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to highlight the relationship between obstructive hydrocephalus, changes in intracranial pressure, and sensorineural hearing loss. METHODS: A case of a 10-month old infant with sensorineural hearing loss secondary to obstructive hydrocephalus is reported. A literature review, with a focus on sensorineural hearing loss in the setting of changes in intracranial pressure, was performed. RESULTS: The authors report the case of a 10-month old infant with metopic and bicoronal craniosynostosis who presented with bilateral moderately severe sensorineural hearing loss after failing newborn hearing screening...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765020/delayed-intracerebral-hemorrhage-secondary-to-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-a-retrospective-study
#2
Liemei Guo, Xu Chen, Bin Yu, Lin Shen, Xiaohua Zhang
BACKGROUND: Postoperative delayed intracerebral hemorrhage (DICH) secondary to ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt is a rare but severe event. The present study aimed to investigate the incidence and risk factors related to DICH post VP shunt. METHODS: The clinical data from 532 patients with VP shunt were collected retrospectively. All clinical variables were examined by univariate analysis, and a binary logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the risk factors related to DICH...
July 29, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764615/cerebral-tuberculosis-in-a-patient-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-following-cyclophosphamide-treatment-a-case-report
#3
S Cooray, H Zhang, R Breen, G Carr-White, R Howard, M Cuadrado, D D'Cruz, G Sanna
Central nervous system (CNS) tuberculosis (TB) is a rare but catastrophic event in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Here we report a case of cerebral TB in a patient with lupus myocarditis and nephritis, following cyclophosphamide immunosuppression. To our knowledge this is the first reported case of cerebral TB in SLE in a non-endemic country. A 31-year-old female with SLE and a history of regular travel to Kenya presented to our centre with clinical features of acute heart failure. She was diagnosed with severe lupus myocarditis, and a renal biopsy also confirmed lupus nephritis...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756364/chiari-i-malformation-with-underlying-pseudotumor-cerebri-poor-symptom-relief-following-posterior-decompression-surgery
#4
Ahmed Alnemari, Tarek R Mansour, Stephanie Gregory, William K Miller, Mark Buehler, Daniel Gaudin
INTRODUCTION: 
 Pseudotumor cerebri (PTC) patients exhibit clear clinical signs and symptoms of higher intracranial pressure (ICP) without ventricular enlargement or mass lesions. The clinical picture of patients with PTC can sometimes be similar to that of Chiari Malformation type I (CMI). There is some evidence that Chiari I malformation and PTC may coexist, which raises the question of whether PTC is an idiopathic disease or a complication of posterior decompression surgery-treatment of choice for Chiari I malformation...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751968/lumboperitoneal-shunt-insertion-without-fluoroscopy-guidance-accuracy-of-placement-in-a-series-of-107-procedures
#5
Sabah Al-Rashed, Haider Kareem, Neeraj Kalra, Linda D'Antona, Mouness Obeidat, Bhavesh Patel, Ahmed Toma
Background: Lumboperitoneal (LP) shunts were the mainstay of cerebrospinal fluid diversion therapy for idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). The traditionally cited advantage of LP shunts over ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunts is the ease of insertion in IIH. This needs to be placed at the level of L3/4 to be below the level of the spinal cord. The objective of this study was to analyse the position of LP shunts inserted without portable fluoroscopy guidance.  Methods: A retrospective analysis of radiology was performed for patients who underwent lumboperitoneal shunts between 2006 and 2016 at the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698956/risk-of-developing-pleural-empyema-in-patients-with-stroke-a-propensity-matched-cohort-study
#6
Te-Chun Shen, Chi-Yu Lin, Cheng-Li Lin, Chia-Hung Chen, Chih-Yen Tu, Te-Chun Hsia, Chuen-Ming Shih, Wu-Huei Hsu, Fung-Chang Sung
Pleural empyema is an important complication of pneumonia. Patients with stroke are at a higher risk developing pneumonia; however, the association between stroke and pleural empyema risk is largely unknown. We used the data from the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan to establish a stroke group consisting of 466,170 patients diagnosed between 2000 and 2010, and a non-stroke group consisting of the same number of individuals matched by the propensity score. Incident pleural empyema was monitored toward the end of 2011...
July 11, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694572/pediatric-ventriculoperitoneal-shunts-and-their-complications-an-analysis
#7
Nitin Agarwal, Ram Mohan Shukla, Deepika Agarwal, Kaustubh Gupta, Rohtash Luthra, Jalaj Gupta, Sunny Jain
INTRODUCTION: Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt is the most commonly utilized shunting procedure because of the capacity of the peritoneum to resorb fluid. Initial and subsequent peritoneal catheter placements can be done with relative ease. They are associated with a variety of complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The total number of patients operated in the study period was 96. We studied 41 operated patients of VP shunt who had various shunt-related complications and analyzed the predisposing risk factors and spectrum of complications...
July 2017: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693927/risk-factors-and-outcomes-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-overdrainage-in-hiv-negative-patients-with-cryptococcal-meningitis-after-the-ventriculoperitoneal-shunting-procedure
#8
Chih-Wei Hung, Wei-Che Lin, Wen-Neng Chang, Tsung-Ming Su, Chia-Te Kung, Nai-Wen Tsai, Hung-Chen Wang, Chih-Cheng Huang, Ben-Chung Cheng, Yu-Jih Su, Ya-Ting Chang, Chih-Min Su, Sheng-Yuan Hsiao, Cheng-Hsien Lu
PURPOSE: Shunt procedures used to treat cryptococcal meningitis complicated with hydrocephalus and/or increased intracranial pressure (IICP) could result in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) overdrainage, thereby presenting therapeutic challenges. METHODS: We analyzed the clinical features and neuroimaging findings after the ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt procedure in 51 HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)-negative patients with cryptococcal meningitis, to assess the risk factors associated with post-shunt CSF overdrainage...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670657/risk-factors-for-new-onset-shunt-dependency-after-craniotomies-for-intracranial-tumors-in-adult-patients
#9
Sayied Abdol Mohieb Hosainey, Benjamin Lassen, John K Hald, Eirik Helseth, Torstein R Meling
The risk of developing a de novo shunt-dependent hydrocephalus (HC) after undergoing a craniotomy for brain tumor in adult patients is largely unknown. All craniotomies for intracranial tumors at Oslo University Hospital in adult patients ≥18 years of age during a 10-year period (2004-2013) were included. None were lost to follow-up. Patients who developed a shunt-dependent HC were identified by cross-linking our prospectively collected tumor database to patients with a NCSP surgical procedure code of hydrocephalus (AAF)...
July 3, 2017: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647627/endovascular-retrieval-of-migrated-distal-end-of-vp-shunt-from-bilateral-pulmonary-arteries-a-technical-note
#10
Rimal Hanif Dossani, Tanmoy Kumar Maiti, Devi Prasad Patra, Anil Nanda, Hugo Cuellar
Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunting of cerebrospinal fluid is one of the most common procedures performed by neurosurgeons around the world. Migration of distal VP shunt catheter into bilateral segmental pulmonary arteries is an extremely rare complication of VP shunt placement. In present case, a 30-year-old male underwent VP shunting complicated by migration of distal VP shunt catheter into the bilateral pulmonary arteries. Despite manual attempt at externalizing the distal VP shunt catheter at the level of the clavicle, a small piece of distal VP shunt catheter in bilateral pulmonary arteries was noted on CT chest obtained following manual externalization...
June 21, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637114/diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-a-rare-complication-of-an-abdominal-csf-pseudocyst
#11
Cathal Hannan, Aaron Niblock, Jeremy Hamilton, H Neil Simms
Abdominal CSF pseudocysts are an uncommon complication of ventriculo-peritoneal shunting. We report the case of a 35 year old man with a myelomenigocele, associated Chiari 2 malformation, and VP shunt developing a Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma within the lining of an abdominal CSF pseuodcyst. This diagnosis should be considered in those with recurrent pseudocysts, or those associated with a swinging pyrexia and high C-Reactive protein, in the absence of infection.
March 2, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616154/cutaneous-presentation-of-gastrointestinal-adenocarcinoma
#12
Aditi Halder, Artiene Tatian, A Cristina Vargas, Rooshdiya Karim, Mark Latt
Seeding of a central nervous system malignancy to the abdominal cavity is an uncommon but well documented complication of a ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt. However, the metastasis of a primary gastrointestinal cancer to the skin via a VP shunt is extremely rare. We report the clinical case of an 85-year-old male who presented with a right upper quadrant nodule over his shunt, which on histopathology and tumour marker profile was diagnosed as an adenocarcinoma of likely upper gastrointestinal origin. This case illustrates the importance of proceeding to biopsy to inform prognosis and management, despite the risks of shunt infection...
June 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584681/abdominal-pseudocyst-as-a-complication-of-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-placement-review-of-the-literature-and-a-proposed-algorithm-for-treatment-using-4-illustrative-cases
#13
Samir Kashyap, Hammad Ghanchi, Tanya Minasian, Fanglong Dong, Dan Miulli
BACKGROUND: Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt placement is one of the most commonly performed procedures in neurosurgery. One rare complication is the formation of an abdominal pseudocyst, which can cause shunt malfunction. CASE DESCRIPTIONS: We present four unique cases of abdominal pseudocyst formation. Our first patient initially presented with a right upper quadrant pseudocyst. Shunt was externalized and the distal end was revised with placement of catheter on the opposite side...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559078/risk-factors-of-ventriculo-peritoneal-shunt-dependency-in-patients-with-spontaneous-cerebellar-hemorrhage
#14
Shih-Yuan Hsu, Hsin-Huan Chang, Fu-Yuan Shih, Yu-Jun Lin, Wei-Che Lin, Ben-Chung Cheng, Yu-Jih Su, Chia-Te Kung, Yu-Ni Ho, Nai-Wen Tsai, Cheng-Hsien Lu, Hung-Chen Wang
BACKGROUND: Hydrocephalus is a common complication after a spontaneous cerebellar hemorrhage (CH). This study focused on predicting ventriculo-peritorneal (VP) shunt-dependency in patients with spontaneous CH. METHODS: Ninety-nine patients with spontaneous CH were evaluated in this retrospective study. A comparison between patients with and those without VP shunt dependency during hospitalization was made. RESULTS: VP shunt-dependent hydrocephalus developed in 19...
May 27, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553396/a-rare-case-of-repeated-migration-and-transurethral-extrusion-of-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt
#15
Asra Al Fauzi, Wahjoe Djatisoesanto, Joni Wahyuhadi, Muhammad Arifin Parenrengi, Agus Turchan
Bladder migration and transurethral extrusion is an extremely rare complication of ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt. Only eight cases have been reported in the English literature since 1995. We report a case of a 4-year-old boy with cerebral palsy, hydrocephalus, and VP shunted on both sides who presented with a protruded distal VP shunt from his urethral orifice. The patient was reported for having previous shunt extrusion through the anus. The patient was treated on by a multidisciplinary approach, involving a neurosurgeon and urologist...
January 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536838/outcomes-of-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-insertion-in-the-management-of-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension-in-children
#16
J Heyman, Ronak Ved, A Amato-Watkins, I Bhatti, J Te Water Naude, F Gibbon, P Leach
PURPOSE: The ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt has become the procedure of choice for treatment of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). We aimed to assess the efficacy of frameless stereotactic placement of VP shunts for the management of medically resistant IIH in children and to assess the role of gender and obesity in the aetiology of the condition. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of the case notes of 10 patients treated surgically at the University Hospital of Wales in Cardiff, from May 2006 to September 2012...
August 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533829/clinical-analysis-of-aqueductal-stenosis-in-patients-with-hydrocephalus-in-a-kenyan-setting
#17
Loyal Poonamjeet Kaur, Nderitu Joseph Munyiri, Wekesa Vincent Dismus
INTRODUCTION: Aqueductal stenosis is the commonest cause of congenital hydrocephalus. The scope of this paper is to highlight the disease burden of hydrocephalus attributed to aqueductal stenosis which still remains unknown in our setting. METHODS: In a descriptive cross-sectional study, 258 records of patients diagnosed with hydrocephalus were analyzed after ethical approval from Kenyatta National Hospital- University of Nairobi (KNH-UON) ethics and research committee from January 2010 to May 2016...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532168/distal-shunt-revision-a-simple-method-to-avoid-repeat-laparotomy
#18
Neelan J Marianayagam, Gustavo Rajz, Netanel Ben Shalom, Sagi Harnof, Shalom Michowiz
Hydrocephalus is usually treated by placement of a ventriculo-peritoneal (VP) shunt. Distal VP shunt failure is a common complication of this procedure, especially in the paediatric population. Distal shunt revisions are often made more technically difficult by challenging abdominal anatomy. In this technical note, we describe a simple technique utilizing tenting sutures and the previous shunt tract for placement of the distal abdominal catheter accurately into the peritoneal space during distal shunt revision...
May 22, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528738/our-initial-experience-with-ventriculo-epiplooic-shunt-in-treatment-of-hydrocephalus-in-two-centers
#19
Valentin Titus Grigorean, Aurelia Mihaela Sandu, Mihai Popescu, Ioan Stefan Florian, Cristian Dumitru Lupascu, Corina Lupascu Ursulescu
INTRODUCTION: Hydrocephalus represents impairment in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) dynamics. If the treatment of hydrocephalus is considered difficult, the repeated revisions of ventriculo-peritoneal (VP) shunts are even more challenging. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to evaluate the efficiency of ventriculo-epiplooic (VEp) shunt as a feasible alternative in hydrocephalic patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A technical modification regarding the insertion of peritoneal catheter was imagined: midline laparotomy 8-10cm long was performed in order to open the peritoneal cavity; the great omentum was dissected between its two layers; we placed the distal end of the catheter between the two epiplooic layers; a fenestration of 4cm in diameter into the visceral layer was also performed...
May 11, 2017: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507532/spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography-as-a-new-diagnostic-marker-for-idiopathic-normal-pressure-hydrocephalus
#20
Joana M Afonso, Manuel Falcão, Frank Schlichtenbrede, Fernando Falcão-Reis, Sérgio Estrela Silva, Till M Schneider
PURPOSE: Characterized by a progressive onset of gait disturbances, dementia, and urinary incontinence, idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) is considered a rare, but under-diagnosed disease. Non-invasive diagnostic markers are still insufficient to enable the diagnosis of iNPH with certainty and yet early treatment with ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunting can reverse symptoms and stop disease progression. Vascular circulation abnormalities in iNPH may be reflected by changes in subfoveal and peripapillary choroidal thickness (PPChT)...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
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