Read by QxMD icon Read

Indwelling devices

(no author information available yet)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the most common Gram-negative bacterium associated with nosocomial and life-threatening chronic infections in cystic fibrosis patients. This pathogen is well-known for its ability to attach to surfaces of indwelling medical devices to form biofilms, which consist of a regular array of extracellular polymers. Tenaciously bound to the surface of devices and inherently resilient to antibiotic treatment, P. aeruginosa poses a serious threat in clinical medicine and contributes to the persistence of chronic infections...
October 19, 2016: Current Drug Targets
Mareike Klinger-Strobel, Oliwia Makarewicz, Mathias W Pletz, Andreas Stallmach, Christian Lautenschläger
Biofilm formation, also known as microfouling, on indwelling medical devices such as catheters or prosthetic joints causes difficult to treat and recurrent infections. It is also the initial step for biocorrosion of surfaces in aquatic environment. An efficient prevention of microfouling is preferable but the development of antibiofilm surfaces is enormously challenging. Therefore, soda-lime, aluminosilicate, and three borosilicate glasses with different TiO2 and ZnO compositions were investigated on their feasibility to prevent biofilm formation by standardized in vitro biofilm assays using different pathogenic bacteria...
December 2016: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
Angela França, Begoña Pérez-Cabezas, Alexandra Correia, Gerald B Pier, Nuno Cerca, Manuel Vilanova
Staphylococcus epidermidis biofilm formation on indwelling medical devices is frequently associated with the development of chronic infections. Nevertheless, it has been suggested that cells released from these biofilms may induce severe acute infections with bacteraemia as one of its major associated clinical manifestations. However, how biofilm-released cells interact with the host remains unclear. Here, using a murine model of hematogenously disseminated infection, we characterized the interaction of cells released from S...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Eric F Kong, Christina Tsui, Sona Kucharíková, David Andes, Patrick Van Dijck, Mary Ann Jabra-Rizk
: Biofilm-associated polymicrobial infections, particularly those involving fungi and bacteria, are responsible for significant morbidity and mortality and tend to be challenging to treat. Candida albicans and Staphylococcus aureus specifically are considered leading opportunistic fungal and bacterial pathogens, respectively, mainly due to their ability to form biofilms on catheters and indwelling medical devices. However, the impact of mixed-species biofilm growth on therapy remains largely understudied...
October 11, 2016: MBio
A Dramowski, A Whitelaw, M F Cotton
BACKGROUND: In most African countries the prevalence and effects of paediatric healthcare-associated infection (HCAI) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection are unknown. AIM: To investigate the burden, spectrum, risk factors, and impact of paediatric HCAI by prospective clinical surveillance at a South African referral hospital. METHODS: Continuous prospective clinical and laboratory HCAI surveillance using Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)/National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) definitions was conducted at Tygerberg Children's Hospital, South Africa, from May 1(st) to October 31(st) in 2014 and 2015...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Hospital Infection
Arunangshu Chakraborty, Sanjit Agrawal, Taniya Datta, Suparna Mitra, Rakhi Khemka
Chemotherapy in children suffering from cancer usually requires placement of an indwelling central venous catheter (CVC). A child may need to undergo repeated procedures because of infection and occlusion of previous access devices. We present a case of CVC insertion in a child suffering from acute lymphoblastic leukemia where an innovative technique was employed.
October 2016: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
Jan S Lewin, Leah M Baumgart, Martha P Barrow, Katherine A Hutcheson
Importance: Voice prosthesis (VP) device life is a limiting factor of tracheoesophageal (TE) voice restoration that drives patient satisfaction, health care costs, and overall burden. Historic data suggest that TE VPs have an average device life of generally 3 to 6 months, but these data are typically derived from small samples using only 1 or 2 devices. Objective: To reexamine current device life in a large, contemporary cancer hospital in the United States that uses a wide assortment of VPs...
September 29, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Ryan Davey, Amresh Raina
Hemodynamic monitoring has long formed the cornerstone of heart failure (HF) and pulmonary hypertension diagnosis and management. We review the long history of invasive hemodynamic monitors initially using pulmonary artery (PA) pressure catheters in the hospital setting, to evaluating the utility of a number of implantable devices that can allow for ambulatory determination of intracardiac pressures. Although the use of indwelling PA catheters has fallen out of favor in a number of settings, implantable devices have afforded clinicians an opportunity for objective determination of a patient's volume status and pulmonary pressures...
September 24, 2016: World Journal of Transplantation
Somadina Emineke, Alan J Cooper, Sarah Fouch, Brian R Birch, Bashir A Lwaleed
AIMS: Biofilms are ubiquitous and when mature have a complex structure of microcolonies in an extracellular polysaccharide and extracellular DNA matrix. Indwelling medical devices harbour biofilms which have been shown to cause infections and act as reservoirs for pathogens. Urinary catheters are often in place for considerable periods of time and are susceptible to both encrustation and biofilm formation. Strategies for minimising biofilm occurrence underpin an active research area in biomedicine...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Clinical Pathology
Subramaniyan S, Divyasree S, Sandhia G S
BACKGROUND: Quorum sensing or the bacterial information flow in an orchestrated manner is an essential feature of many pathogenic bacteria. Quorum quenching molecules (QQ) can inhibit the growth of such bacteria. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the potential of plant extracts as quorum quenchers and monitor the recent patents. METHODS: Many available reports and patents are on synthetic ligand molecules or even compounds isolated from cyanobacteria (Honaucin A) and other microorganisms inhibiting quorum sensing molecules...
September 8, 2016: Recent Patents on Biotechnology
Anna Letícia Miranda, Ana Lúcia Lyrio de Oliveira, Daiana Terra Nacer, Cynthia Adalgisa Mesojedovas Aguiar
OBJECTIVE: to compare the results of urinary tract infection incidence, by means of the rate of indwelling urethral catheter use, and to identify microorganisms in urine cultures and surveillance cultures before and after the implementation of a clinical protocol for intensive care unit patients . METHOD: urinary tract infection is defined as a positive urine culture > 105 CFU/mL, notified by the hospital infection control service, six months before and after the implementation of the protocol...
July 11, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Mahmood Shamshiri, Boudouin Fuh Suh, Nooredin Mohammadi, Reza Nabi Amjad
BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) are acquired by patients while receiving care. The highest incidence of HAIs has been documented in admissions to intensive care units. Adherence to evidence-based practices is the most important step for preventing HAIs. OBJECTIVES: To determine the rate of adherence to evidence-based post-insertion recommended care practices after admission into the intensive care unit for the following devices: central line catheter, indwelling urinary catheter, and mechanical ventilator...
June 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
M Fajardo, R Hidalgo, J Gaitán, R Sánchez-Silos, P Martín-Cordero
OBJECTIVE: Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) take part of the human skin and mucous membranes, but they are also involving in infections with the increasing use of prosthetic, indwelling devices or intravascular catheter-related bacteraemia. They are more resistance than Staphylococcus aureus against a wide range of antimicrobial agents, and it have been observed an increase in morbidity and mortality of patients with incorrect treatment. METHODS: To analyze the results obtained by different commercial techniques: two automatic microdilution systems (MicroScan and Vitek2 Compact), PBP2a agglutiation test, with and without 1 μg oxacillin disk induction, and detection of mecA gene by nucleic acids amplification techniques, for the diagnosis of methicillin resistance staphylococci in 170 strains of CoNS isolated from blood cultures...
October 2016: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
Samir Bidnur, Melissa Huynh, Nathan Hoag, Ben Chew
Ureteral stents are one of the most commonly used urologic devices with the purpose of establishing and maintaining ureteral patency. They are also associated with a number of complications including infection, migration, stent-related symptoms, and encrustation, leading to lithiasis. Prolonged stent dwell time is associated with a greater degree of these complications. We present the case of a 36-year-old man who presented with a severely encrusted ureteral stent that had been placed 12.5 years prior for an obstructive left-sided ureteral stone and was lost to follow-up...
2016: J Endourol Case Rep
H A Crosby, J Kwiecinski, A R Horswill
The human commensal bacterium Staphylococcus aureus can cause a wide range of infections ranging from skin and soft tissue infections to invasive diseases like septicemia, endocarditis, and pneumonia. Muticellular organization almost certainly contributes to S. aureus pathogenesis mechanisms. While there has been considerable focus on biofilm formation and its role in colonizing prosthetic joints and indwelling devices, less attention has been paid to nonsurface-attached group behavior like aggregation and clumping...
2016: Advances in Applied Microbiology
Xiaolin Deng, Leming Song, Donghua Xie, Difu Fan, Lunfeng Zhu, Lei Yao, Xiaolin Wang, Shaohua Liu, Yonghua Zhang, Xiaohui Liao, Shengfeng Liu, Zuofeng Peng, Min Hu, Xianxin Zhu, Jianrong Huang, Tairong Liu, Chuance Du, Shulin Guo, Zhongsheng Yang, Guanghua Peng, Zhangqun Ye
BACKGROUND: Flexible ureteroscopic lithotripsy (URS) is rapidly becoming a first-line therapy for patients with renal and ureteral calculi. Most current medical infusion devices can only monitor infusion flow and pressure, but not renal pelvic pressure (RPP). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We designed a patented intelligent system to facilitate flexible URS that included an irrigation and suctioning platform and a ureteral access sheath (UAS) with a pressure-sensitive tip, enabling regulation of the infusion flow precisely and control of the vacuum suctioning by computerized real-time recording and monitoring of RPP...
October 2016: Journal of Endourology
Evonne Koo, Sara McNamara, Bonnie Lansing, Russell N Olmsted, Ruth Anne Rye, Thomas Fitzgerald, Lona Mody
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess effectiveness of an interactive educational program in increasing knowledge of key infection prevention and control (IPC) principles with emphasis on indwelling device care, hand hygiene, and multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs) among nursing home (NH) health care personnel (HCP). METHODS: We conducted a multimodal randomized controlled study involving HCP at 12 NHs. Ten comprehensive and interactive modules covered common IPC topics...
August 20, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
Anne Catherine Miller Cramer, Anna Warszawa McLean, Jalil Ahari
A healthy female presented with upper extremity (UE) swelling of several days duration. Admission laboratories were normal except for an elevated D-dimer. An UE ultrasound with Doppler revealed a thrombus in the right subclavian vein. A subsequent chest CT angiogram further characterised the subclavian vein thrombus and also identified a pulmonary embolus. A thorough history and laboratory evaluation showed that her only risk factors were long-time contraceptive pills and a recent cycle of ovarian hyperstimulation (OH) 7 weeks prior to presentation...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Andrew R Kohut, Christopher Vecchio, Dan Adam, Peter A Lewin
INTRODUCTION: This review examines the potential for ultrasound to induce or otherwise influence cardiac pacing and rhythm modulation. AREAS COVERED: Of particular interest is the possibility of developing new, truly non-invasive, nonpharmacological, acute and chronic, ultrasound-based arrhythmia treatments. Such approaches would not depend upon implanted or indwelling devices of any kind and would use ultrasound at diagnostic exposure levels (so as not to harm the heart or surrounding tissues)...
September 2016: Expert Review of Medical Devices
Takaaki Fujii, Reina Yajima, Hiroyuki Kuwano
BACKGROUND/AIM: Breast reconstruction with a tissue expander (TE) is associated with postoperative complications, including rupturing of the TE. Any device can have a mechanical failure, and a TE may rupture over time. Although an interval of around one year from initial TE insertion to the second stage of two-stage surgery is historically considered the standard, the optimal interval has not yet been determined. Furthermore, the durability of a TE and the influence of long-term indwelling on TE rupture are uncertain...
August 2016: Anticancer Research
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"