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Routes catheters infections

Masaaki Murakami, Genichi Sakaguchi, Noriko Mori
OBJECTIVE: In patients with a high risk of fistula immaturity, we created arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) combined with brachial artery superficialization. With this procedure, the superficialized arteries are used as drawing routes and the AVFs as returning routes. This is a technical report about AVFs combined with brachial artery superficialization. METHODS: Twenty-four consecutive patients with a high risk of fistula immaturity who underwent AVFs with brachial artery superficialization were included in this single-center retrospective study...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
J Abram, J Klocker, N Innerhofer-Pompernigg, M Mittermayr, M C Freund, N Gravenstein, V Wenzel
Injuries to blood vessels near the heart can quickly become life-threatening and include arterial injuries during central venous puncture, which can lead to hemorrhagic shock. We report 6 patients in whom injury to the subclavian artery and vein led to life-threatening complications. Central venous catheters are associated with a multitude of risks, such as venous thrombosis, air embolism, systemic or local infections, paresthesia, hemothorax, pneumothorax, and cervical hematoma, which are not always immediately discernible...
October 5, 2016: Der Anaesthesist
Bekir Şanal, Ömer Fatih Nas, Nurullah Doğan, Mehmet Korkmaz, Kadir Hacıkurt, Abdulmecid Yıldız, İrem İris Kan Aytaç, Bahattin Hakyemez, Cüneyt Erdoğan
PURPOSE: We aimed to investigate the safety and functionality of tunneled transhepatic hemodialysis catheters in chronic hemodialysis patients. METHODS: Thirty-eight patients (20 women aged 56±10 years and 18 men aged 61±11 years) with transhepatic tunneled hemodialysis catheters were evaluated. The date of the first transhepatic catheterization, indications, procedure details, functional time periods of catheters, reasons for the removal or revision of catheters, catheter-related complications, and current conditions of patients were retrospectively analyzed...
September 6, 2016: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
Cibele Grothe, Mônica Taminato, Angélica Belasco, Ricardo Sesso, Dulce Barbosa
BACKGROUND: This study was performed to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of alternative strategies for the prevention and treatment of patients with chronic kidney disease undergoing peritoneal dialysis and colonized by Staphylococcus aureus. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed. The literature search involved the following databases: the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, Embase, LILACS, CINAHL, SciELO, and PubMed/Medline. The descriptors were "Staphylococcus aureus," "MRSA," "MSSA," "treatment," "decolonization," "nasal carrier," "colonization," "chronic kidney disease," "dialysis," and "peritoneal dialysis...
2016: BMC Nephrology
EungDon Kim, MiSun Roh, SooHyang Kim, DaeHyun Jo
The sympathetic block is widely used for treating neuropathic pain such as complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS). However, single sympathetic block often provides only short-term effect. Moreover, frequent procedures for sympathetic block may increase the risk of complications. The use of epidural route may be limited by concern of infection in case of previous implantation of the spinal cord stimulation (SCS). In contrast, a continuous sympathetic block can be administered without such concerns. The continuous thoracic sympathetic block (TSGB) has been used to treat the ischemic disease and other neuropathic conditions such as postherpetic neuralgia...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
Tânia Curiao, Emmanuela Marchi, Denis Grandgirard, Ricardo León-Sampedro, Carlo Viti, Stephen L Leib, Fernando Baquero, Marco R Oggioni, José Luis Martinez, Teresa M Coque
BACKGROUND: Biocides and antibiotics are used to eradicate or prevent the growth of microbial species on surfaces (occasionally on catheters), or infected sites, either in combination or sequentially, raising concerns about the development of co-resistance to both antimicrobial types. The effect of such compounds on Salmonella enterica, a major food-borne and zoonotic pathogen, has been analysed in different studies, but only few works evaluated its biological cost, and the overall effects at the genomic and transcriptomic levels associated with diverse phenotypes resulting from biocide exposure, which was the aim of this work...
2016: BMC Genomics
Christopher M Ripperda, Joseph T Kowalski, Zaid Q Chaudhry, Aman S Mahal, Jennifer Lanzer, Nabila Noor, Meadow M Good, Linda S Hynan, Peter C Jeppson, David D Rahn
BACKGROUND: The rates reported for postoperative urinary retention following midurethral sling procedures are highly variable. Determining which patients have a higher likelihood of failing a voiding trial will help with preoperative counseling prior to midurethral sling. OBJECTIVES: To identify preoperative predictors for failed voiding trial following isolated midurethral sling. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective multicenter case-control study was performed by including all isolated midurethral sling procedures performed between 1/1/10 to 6/30/15 at six academic centers...
June 16, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
David J Clark, Aabir Chakraborty, Derek J Roebuck, Dominic N P Thompson
PURPOSE: Ventriculoatrial (VA) shunts are commonly used as a second-line treatment of hydrocephalus when the peritoneum is an unsuitable site for the distal catheter. Many centres now utilise ultrasound and interventional radiology techniques to aid placement of the distal catheter. The purpose of this study was to conduct a contemporary audit of VA shunting in children using interventional radiology techniques for placement of the distal catheter. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all patients who had VA shunts inserted between June 2000 and June 2010 was conducted using a prospectively updated surgical database and case notes review...
July 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Raj R Ayyagari, Cliff Yeh, Melih Arici, Hamid Mojibian, Eric Reiner, Jeffrey S Pollak
To evaluate the safety and efficacy of percutaneous transvesicular drainage of pathologic pelvic fluid collections, a series of 15 patients who underwent 16 transvesicular drainage catheter placements was retrospectively reviewed. All patients had collections suspicious for infection that were posterior to the bladder or superior to the bladder behind loops of bowel, and were otherwise inaccessible. All 15 collections were percutaneously accessed via the bladder with standard drainage catheters. All collections resolved completely with no complications...
May 2016: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
E Viviani, A M Giribono, D Ferrara, A Santagata, D Narese, F Midiri, D Albano, M Porcellini
Port-a-cath is widely used as a route for administration of drugs in hematology and oncology patients and, recently, has been adapted also for hemodialysis patients. Major complications include infection, thrombosis, arrhythmia, and embolization. The Pinch-off-syndrome (POS) means the clavicle and the first rib compress the long-term central venous catheter. The reported incidence rate ranges from 1.4% to 4.1%. This syndrome can be recognized on chest radiography by observing a thinning of the catheter lumen through the passage between the clavicle and the first rib...
2016: La Clinica Terapeutica
Andrew D Franklin, Elisabeth M Hughes
Epidural analgesia confers significant perioperative advantages to neonates undergoing surgical procedures but may be very technically challenging to place using a standard interlaminar loss-of-resistance to saline technique given the shallow depth of the epidural space. Thoracic epidural catheters placed via the caudal route may reduce the risk of direct neural injury from needle placement, but often pose higher risks of infection and/or improper positioning if placed without radiographic guidance. We present a detailed method of placing a fluoroscopically guided, tunneled transcaudal epidural catheter, which may reduce both of these risks...
June 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
Anthony K Akobeng, Mamoun Elawad, Morris Gordon
BACKGROUND: Crohn's disease is a chronic relapsing condition of the alimentary tract with a high morbidity secondary to bowel inflammation. Glutamine plays a key role in maintaining the integrity of the intestinal mucosa and has been shown to reduce inflammation and disease activity in experimental models of Crohn's disease. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of glutamine supplementation for induction of remission in Crohn's disease. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following databases from inception to November 15, 2015: MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and the Cochrane IBD Group Specialised Register...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Xue Li, Xiaogang Wang, Christopher D Thompson, Saeyoung Park, Wan Beom Park, Jean C Lee
UNLABELLED: Treatment of Staphylococcus aureus infections has become increasingly difficult because of the emergence of multidrug-resistant isolates. Development of a vaccine to prevent staphylococcal infections remains a priority. To determine whether clumping factor A (ClfA) is a good target protein for inclusion in a multivalent vaccine, we evaluated its efficacy in a variety of relevant staphylococcal infection models, challenging with different S. aureus strains. ClfA adsorbed to Alhydrogel and mixed with Sigma Adjuvant System was more immunogenic and stimulated a more robust Th17 response than ClfA administered with alum alone...
2016: MBio
Miriam Theilla, Michał Ławiński, Jonathan Cohen, Eran Hadar, Ilya Kagan, Marek Perkewick, Pierre Singer
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Few studies have examined the effect of total parenteral nutrition which is lipid-based given throughout pregnancy to patients unable to obtain adequate nutrition by the oral route. In this study we examined the use of lipid-based home parenteral nutrition (HPN) in 7 pregnant women, commenced either before or during pregnancy, and their intra-pregnant course as well as a 2-year follow-up of their offspring is described. METHODS: HPN was formulated on an individual basis and protein administered in a dose of 0...
December 12, 2015: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Emily A Kidd, Fiona Stewart, Nadine C Kassis, Emily Hom, Muhammad Imran Omar
BACKGROUND: Indwelling urethral catheters are often used for bladder drainage in hospital. Urinary tract infection is the most common hospital-acquired infection, and a common complication of urinary catheterisation. Pain, ease of use and quality of life are important to consider, as well as formal economic analysis. Suprapubic catheterisation can also result in bowel perforation and death. OBJECTIVES: To determine the advantages and disadvantages of alternative routes of short-term bladder catheterisation in adults in terms of infection, adverse events, replacement, duration of use, participant satisfaction and cost effectiveness...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Evelyn Borchert, Guillermo Lema, Daniel Springmuller, Katia González, Win T Chang, Rodrigo González, Francisco Garay
UNLABELLED: Aortic aneurysms (AA) in the paediatric population are uncommon. The use of umbilical catheters in neonates has been associated with infections and, on some occasions, the formation of aortic aneurysms. The surgical repair of these aneurysms is one type of treatment; however, percutaneous intervention with stents could provide an alternative treatment route, with fewer complications. The aim of this report is to present the therapeutic scope of a hybrid procedure, in which the combined surgical and percutaneous technique offers a less invasive alternative to open surgery for the repair of aortic aneurysms or their main branches...
September 2015: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
Jessica A Zagory, Paul E Perkowski, London C Guidry, Jon V Schellack
PURPOSE: End-stage renal disease has a high cost burden to the public. Surgical procedures such as hemodialysis (HD) access creation and transplant have high rates of vascular access complications, infections, and readmissions. Cost of HD care has increased to $19.4 billion in 2011; 30-day readmission rates are as high as 36%. There is a continuing need to preserve the route of vascular access for patients, given frequent thrombosis at a rate of 0.8 episodes per patient year at risk. We describe a novel method of thrombolysis using ultrasound-accelerated thrombolysis (USAT) technology for large caliber clotted vascular access...
September 2015: Journal of Vascular Access
Zakary J Hambsch, Mitchell J Kerfeld, Daniel R Kirkpatrick, Dan M McEntire, Mark D Reisbig, Charles F Youngblood, Devendra K Agrawal
Radial artery catheterization has become a preferred route over femoral artery catheterization, in order to monitor the blood pressure of hemodynamically unstable patients or for repeated sampling of arterial blood gases. While the incidence of catheter-related infection is lower in the radial artery than the femoral artery, infection remains a major issue that requires attention. In this review of the literature, we discuss infectious complications of radial artery catheterization, with a focus on various risk factors and establishing the most common causative agents...
December 2015: Clinical and Translational Science
A Amato, G Pellino, P Secondo, F Selvaggi
BACKGROUND: Rectourethral fistula is a challenging complication of radical retropubic prostatectomy. Several treatments have been proposed, with varying outcomes. The available data are difficult to interpret, because patient and disease characteristics differ significantly among reports. Details of long-term follow-up and functional status are rarely provided. We describe a technique of rectourethral fistula repair via an intersphincteric route. METHODS: Preoperative workup included proctoscopy and urethrocystography...
November 2015: Techniques in Coloproctology
Ichiro Tamaki, Kazuhiro Kami, Eiji Yamamoto, Taisuke Morimoto
Acute portal vein thrombosis is a rare but severe complication of intra-abdominal infection. It can be life-threatening, given the risk of developing liver abscess and subsequent liver failure. Various types of hereditary thrombophilia are known risk factors for acute portal vein thrombosis. In addition to surgical treatment and potent antibiotic therapy, systemic administration of anticoagulants and locoregional trans-catheter delivery of thrombolytic agents are known to be effective. We present a case report of acute portal vein thrombosis with pylephlebitis caused by acute appendicitis, successfully treated with catheter-directed thrombolysis through the operatively recanalized umbilical vein...
August 2014: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
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