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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872830/bacteremia-in-hemodialysis-patients
#1
REVIEW
Masashi Suzuki, Nobuhiko Satoh, Motonobu Nakamura, Shoko Horita, George Seki, Kyoji Moriya
Infection is a common complication and is the second leading cause of death in hemodialysis patients. The risk of bacteremia in hemodialysis patients is 26-fold higher than in the general population, and 1/2-3/4 of the causative organisms of bacteremia in hemodialysis patients are Gram-positive bacteria. The ratio of resistant bacteria in hemodialysis patients compared to the general population is unclear. Several reports have indicated that hemodialysis patients have a higher risk of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection...
November 6, 2016: World Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27645121/risk-factors-for-persistent-bacteremia-in-infants-with-catheter-related-bloodstream-infection-due-to-coagulase-negative-staphylococcus-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#2
Munehiro Furuichi, Isao Miyairi
BACKGROUND: Coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (CoNS) is the predominant cause of catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSI). Infants in neonatal intensive care units (NICU) often suffer from CoNS CRBSI, which are often refractory to treatment. OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate risk factors for developing persistent bacteremia due to CoNS CRBSI in infants, in order to identify those who require early aggressive management. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective case-control study of infants in the NICU who developed CRBSI due to CoNS...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630843/microbiology-of-non-tunnelled-catheter-related-infections
#3
Shefali Gupta, Shrikara P Mallya, Ashok Bhat, Shrikala Baliga
INTRODUCTION: Aerobic bacterial infections often complicate vascular access in patients receiving haemodialysis, leading to Catheter-Related Blood Stream Infections (CRBSI). Various studies report Gram - positive bacteria, Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) in particular, as the most common aetiologic agent. Studies on microbiological analysis in this subset of population from India are very few. AIM: To examine clinical and bacteriological profiles of haemodialysis patients developing CRBSI, the antibiotic susceptibility of the bacteria isolated from these patients and determine nasal carriage of S...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27402781/penetration-barrier-contributes-to-bacterial-biofilm-associated-resistance-against-only-select-antibiotics-and-exhibits-genus-strain-and-antibiotic-specific-differences
#4
Rachna Singh, Simmi Sahore, Preetinder Kaur, Alka Rani, Pallab Ray
Bacterial biofilms are implicated in a wide range of implant-based and chronic infections. These infections are often associated with adverse therapeutic outcomes, owing to the decreased antibiotic susceptibility of biofilms compared with their planktonic counterparts. This altered biofilm susceptibility has been attributed to multiple factors, including a reduced antibiotic penetration. Although several studies have addressed the role of penetration barrier in biofilm-associated drug resistance, it remains inconclusive...
August 2016: Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27192097/high-mics-for-vancomycin-and-daptomycin-and-complicated-catheter-related-bloodstream-infections-with-methicillin-sensitive-staphylococcus-aureus
#5
Rafael San-Juan, Esther Viedma, Fernando Chaves, Antonio Lalueza, Jesús Fortún, Elena Loza, Miquel Pujol, Carmen Ardanuy, Isabel Morales, Marina de Cueto, Elena Resino-Foz, Alejandra Morales-Cartagena, Alicia Rico, María P Romero, María Ángeles Orellana, Francisco López-Medrano, Mario Fernández-Ruiz, José María Aguado
We investigated the prognostic role of high MICs for antistaphylococcal agents in patients with methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus catheter-related bloodstream infection (MSSA CRBSI). We prospectively reviewed 83 episodes from 5 centers in Spain during April 2011-June 2014 that had optimized clinical management and analyzed the relationship between E-test MICs for vancomycin, daptomycin, oxacillin, and linezolid and development of complicated bacteremia by using multivariate analysis. Complicated MSSA CRBSI occurred in 26 (31...
June 2016: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27093936/-analysis-on-the-prevalence-of-central-venous-catheter-related-infection-in-burn-patients-and-its-risk-factors
#6
Li Fang, Fan Wang, Kedai Sun, Tao Zhou, Yali Gong, Yizhi Peng
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of central venous catheter-related infection (CRI) in burn patients and its risk factors, so as to guide the clinical practice. METHODS: Clinical data of 5 026 days of 480 cases of central venous catheterization altogether in 228 burn patients admitted to our ward from June 2011 to December 2014, conforming to the study criteria, were retrospectively analyzed. (1) The incidence of CRI and that of catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) in patients (the infection rates per thousand days were calculated) and mortality due to them, and detection of concerning bacteria were recorded after each case of catheterization...
April 2016: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27068496/central-venous-catheter-related-bloodstream-infections-in-adult-patients-on-home-parenteral-nutrition-prevalence-predictive-factors-therapeutic-outcome
#7
Lidia Santarpia, Antonio Buonomo, Maria Carmen Pagano, Lucia Alfonsi, Maria Foggia, Michele Mottola, Geremia Zito Marinosci, Franco Contaldo, Fabrizio Pasanisi
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of central venous catheter (CVC)-related blood-stream infections (CRBSI), infecting agents and the effectiveness of antibiotic therapy were evaluated in 172 adult patients on Home Parenteral Nutrition (HPN) at the Clinical Nutrition Outpatient Unit of Federico II University Hospital in Naples, Italy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study population consisted of 127 oncological (74%) and 45 (26%) non-oncological patients, for a total of 53,818 (median 104; range 14-1080) CVC days...
March 30, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27056030/retrospective-data-about-the-catheter-related-complications-and-management-in-massive-bus-burn-casualties
#8
Hongfei Jiang, Hang Hu, Haitao Ren, Chunmao Han, Xingang Wang, Chuangang You, Ruiyi Zhao
PURPOSE: This is a single-center, descriptive report of the management and complications of venous catheter use in 19 severely burned passengers from a bus fire that occurred on July 5, 2014, in Hangzhou. METHODS: We recorded the parameters of the catheters insertion and indwelling. Sampling of each removed catheter was conducted to monitor for catheter-related infections. Bedside ultrasound screening was performed for recording central venous catheter (CVC)-related complications...
July 12, 2016: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26184918/clinico-microbiological-profile-and-outcomes-of-nosocomial-sepsis-in-an-indian-tertiary-care-hospital-a-prospective-cohort-study
#9
Kavitha Saravu, Madhura Prasad, Vandana Kalwaje Eshwara, Chiranjay Mukhopadhyay
BACKGROUND: Nosocomial infections are linked to rising morbidity and mortality worldwide. We sought to investigate the pattern of nosocomial sepsis, device usage, risk factors for mortality and the antimicrobial resistance pattern of the causative organisms in medical intensive care units (ICUs) in an Indian tertiary care hospital. METHODS: We conducted a single-centre based prospective cohort study in four medical ICUs and patients who developed features of sepsis 48 hours after admission to the ICUs were included...
July 2015: Pathogens and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26138873/central-venous-catheter-related-infection-in-severe-trauma-patients
#10
Seok Hwa Youn, John Cook-Jong Lee, Younghwan Kim, Jonghwan Moon, Younghwa Choi, Kyoungwon Jung
AIM: To evaluate the CVC-related infection rate according to catheter insertion site and to analyze the risk factors for catheter-related local infections (CRLI) and bloodstream infections (CRBSI) among severe trauma patients. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 736 severe trauma patients with an Injury Severity Score of >15. Poisson regression was used to compare the infection rates according to the catheter insertion sites. Univariate analysis of the groups with and without CVC-related infection was used to identify confounding variables for inclusion in multivariate models that were used to identify the risk factors for CRLI and CRBSI...
October 2015: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25976045/-species-distribution-of-pathogens-and-prognostic-factors-for-catheter-related-bloodstream-infections-in-intensive-care-unit
#11
Jun Li, Li Yu, Junhui Yang, Ding Long, Yuanchao Zhang, Xiaofen Bu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the incidence and species distribution of catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) in intensive care unit (ICU) at our hospital and analyze the risk factors for CRBSI. METHODS: Hospitalized patients microbiologically diagnosed as CRBSI were recruited from January 2012 to June 2013. And the clinical data were collected retrospectively and analyzed by software IBM SPSS 19.0. RESULTS: Among 67 patients diagnosed as nosocomial CRBSI, 24 cases (35...
March 10, 2015: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25976044/-epidemiological-characteristics-and-risk-factors-for-patients-with-catheter-related-bloodstream-infections-in-intensive-care-unit
#12
Lei Jia, Huijie Yu, Jinqi Lu, Yuqi Zhang, Ying Cai, Yuting Liu, Xiefeng Ma
OBJECTIVE: To explore the epidemiological characteristics, bacterial composition and risk factors for patients with catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) in intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: A prospective survey was conduced for 2 605 ICU patients during January 2010 to December 2013. The clinical data of CRBSI and non-CRBSI patients were compared and their relevant risk factors analyzed. RESULTS: Among them, there were 1 773 cases of arteriovenous catheterization...
March 10, 2015: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25953205/evaluation-of-picc-complications-in-orthopedic-inpatients-with-bone-infection-for-long-term-intravenous-antibiotics-therapy
#13
Laura Valbousquet Schneider, Sandrine Duron, François-Xavier Arnaud, Aurore Bousquet, Yann Kervella, Caroline Bouzad, Jacques Baccialone, Christophe A'Teriitehau, Julien Potet
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the complications of peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) in orthopedic patients with chronic bone orthopedic infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The institutional review board approved this retrospective study and informed consent was waived. Records of 180 consecutives PICCs placed in patients hospitalized in the orthopedic surgery department were reviewed. All patients had bones infections necessitating a long-term intravenous antibiotics therapy...
July 2015: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25875395/characteristics-causes-and-outcome-of-54-episodes-of-bloodstream-infections-in-a-cohort-of-hiv-patients
#14
Steven Declercq, Paul De Munter, Inge Derdelinckx, Jan Verhaegen, Willy E Peetermans, Steven Vanderschueren, Eric Van Wijngaerden
BACKGROUND: Patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have an increased risk for bloodstream infections (BSIs). Published recent data on characteristics, etiology, and outcome of BSIs in HIV patients in high income countries are scarce. METHODS: Blood cultures from 2001 to 2011 from adult HIV patients were retrieved. Blood cultures considered to be contamination based on isolates and clinical context were excluded. Clinical and microbiological characteristics of BSIs and patients were described, those of community-acquired and nosocomial episodes were compared, and risk factors for 6-month mortality were analyzed...
September 2015: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25852128/environmental-risk-factors-for-developing-catheter-related-bloodstream-infection-in-home-parenteral-nutrition-patients-a-6-year-follow-up-study
#15
Laura Fuglsang Bech, Lotte Drustrup, Louis Nygaard, Anders Skallerup, Line Dahlstrøm Christensen, Lars Vinter-Jensen, Henrik Højgaard Rasmussen, Mette Holst
BACKGROUND: Tunneled, cuffed, central venous catheters, including Hickman catheters and peripherally inserted central venous catheters (PICCs), are the most commonly used venous access for home parenteral nutrition (HPN) therapy. Catheter-related bloodstream infection is the most prevalent and severe complication. This study investigated whether environmental risk factors, including smoking, catheter management by a home care nurse, colectomy with stoma, number of infusion days per week, and C-reactive protein at catheter insertion day, influenced the time to first catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI)...
September 2016: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25695128/risk-factors-for-early-onset-of-catheter-related-bloodstream-infection-in-an-intensive-care-unit-in-china-a-retrospective-study
#16
Fuzheng Tao, Ronglin Jiang, Yingzi Chen, Renhui Chen
BACKGROUND: Catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) is a life-threatening condition encountered in patients with long-term central venous catheter (CVC) indwelling. The objective was to investigate the clinical characteristics, treatment, and prognosis of CRBSI in the intensive care unit (ICU) in a Chinese center, as well as the risk factors for early CRBSI. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 73 CRBSI patients were retrospectively studied in relation to patients' clinical and epidemiological data, microbiological culture, and treatment...
2015: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25631968/clinical-features-of-catheter-related-candidemia-at-disease-onset
#17
Yusuke Yoshino, Yoshitaka Wakabayashi, Satoshi Suzuki, Kazunori Seo, Ichiro Koga, Takatoshi Kitazawa, Shu Okugawa, Yasuo Ota
INTRODUCTION: Early detection of catheter-related candidemia is necessary to ensure that patients receive prompt and appropriate treatment. The aim of the present case-control study is to investigate the clinical features of catheter-related candidemia at disease onset, so as to determine the clinical indications for empiric antifungal therapy. METHODS: All 41 cases of catheter-related candidemia from September 2009 to August 2011 at a teaching hospital were included in the present study...
November 2014: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25433419/a-retrospective-statistical-analysis-of-the-late-complications-associated-with-central-venous-port-placements
#18
Shingo Okada, Akihiko Shiraishi, Yuki Yamashiro, Tatsuro Inoue, Daisuke Tsuge, Mari Aida, Ryohei Kuwatsuru
PURPOSE: Central venous (CV) ports are being used increasingly in both hospital and home care settings. Here, we investigated the rates and causes of CV port complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the placement of 264 consecutive CV ports in 239 consecutive patients admitted to our hospital between September 2009 and February 2012. All CV ports were inserted under fluoroscopy and ultrasound visualization by interventional radiologists using maximum barrier precautions...
January 2015: Japanese Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25391177/central-venous-catheterization-related-complications-in-pediatric-intensive-care-unit-at-queen-sirikit-national-institute-of-child-health
#19
Panida Srisan, Sangravee Juhong, Wiboon Kanjanapatanakul
BACKGROUND: Central venous catheterization (CVC) is an indispensable route of venous access in management of critically ill patients. Potential CVC related complications include mechanical and infectious complications. OBJECTIVE: To determine type, incidence and risk factor of CVC related complications in pediatric patients. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Prospective observational study of all patients who underwent CVC in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) at Queen Sirikit National Institute of Child Health, over a 1-year period...
June 2014: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25266673/predictors-of-candida-spp-as-causative-agents-of-catheter-related-bloodstream-infections
#20
Miki Nagao, Gou Hotta, Masaki Yamamoto, Yasufumi Matsumura, Yutaka Ito, Shunji Takakura, Satoshi Ichiyama
We conducted this study to identify risk factors that may predict whether Candida spp. are causative agents of suspected catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs). All patients with laboratory-confirmed CRBSIs at Kyoto University Hospital between 2009 and 2011 were included. We compared the clinical features of candidal CRBSIs (78 cases) and non-candidal CRBSIs (258 cases). According to a multivariate analysis, a solid tumor (odds ratio [OR], 3.11; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.75-5.53), total parental nutrition (OR, 2...
November 2014: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
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