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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076856/organization-and-scope-of-the-neuro-psychiatric-unit
#1
(no author information available yet)
Editor's note: From its first issue in 1900 through to the present day, AJN has unparalleled archives detailing nurses' work and lives over more than a century. These articles not only chronicle nursing's growth as a profession within the context of the events of the day, but they also reveal prevailing societal attitudes about women, health care, and human rights. Today's nursing school curricula rarely include nursing's history, but it's a history worth knowing. To this end, From the AJN Archives highlights articles selected to fit today's topics and times...
November 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067412/treatment-of-the-opium-neurosis-by-stephen-lett-m-d-ont-canada
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064798/anhedonia-at-experimental-models-of-chronic-stress-and-its-correction
#3
Ruslan V Lutsenko, Antonina H Sydorenko, Viktor M Bobyriov
INTRODUCTION: Different types of chronic stress lead to neurotic and depressive disorders. Key symptoms of these disorders are anhedonia and correction of which will indicate the efficacy of proposed therapy. The aim of the paper is to investigate the influence of amide 2-hydroxy-N-naftalen-1-il-2-(2-oxo-1,2-dihidro-indole-3-iliden) and ethyl ether 4-[2-hydroxy-2-(2-oxo-1,2-dihidro-indole-3-iliden)-acetamin]-butyric acid on anhedonia after the experimental neurosis and chronic moderate stress in rats...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987054/the-effects-of-short-term-group-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-on-the-personality-traits-of-patients-treated-in-a-day-ward
#4
Adrian Sieradzki, Marcin Szechiński, Krzysztof Małyszczak
OBJECTIVES: In the literature, there is no research that would indicate how a change in specific personality elements may affect the therapeutic effect of short-term group psychodynamic psychotherapy (STGP). The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of short-term group psychodynamic psychotherapy on personality traits in apopulation of patients with neurotic and personality disorders in a day ward of neurosis treatment. METHODS: The study involved 139 people with anxiety and personality disorders, including 110 who participated in the control measurements...
August 29, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960345/hypochondria-as-an-actual-neurosis
#5
Bernd Nissen
Freud defined hypochondria as an actual neurosis. In this paper the actual neurosis will be interpreted as unbound traumatic elements which threaten the self. In severe hypochondria, breakdowns have occurred, as outlined by Winnicott. The nameless traumatic elements of the breakdown have been encapsulated. The moment these encapsulated elements are liberated, an actual dynamic takes place which threatens the self with annihilation. Projective identification is not possible because no idea of containment exists...
September 27, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953092/the-effects-of-mucuna-pruriens-extract-on-histopathological-and-biochemical-features-in-the-rat-model-of-ischemia
#6
Vanishri S Nayak, Nitesh Kumar, Antony S D'Souza, Sunil S Nayak, Sri P Cheruku, K Sreedhara Ranganath Pai
Stroke is considered to be one of the most important causes of death worldwide. Global ischemia causes widespread brain injury and infarctions in various regions of the brain. Oxidative stress can be considered an important factor in the development of tissue damage, which is caused because of arterial occlusion with subsequent reperfusion. Kapikacchu or Mucuna pruriens, commonly known as velvet bean, is well known for its aphrodisiac activities. It is also used in the treatment of snakebites, depressive neurosis, and Parkinson's disease...
December 13, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937468/psychogenic-low-back-pain-and-hysterical-paralysis-in-adolescence
#7
Tsukasa Kanchiku, Hidenori Suzuki, Yasuaki Imajo, Yuichiro Yoshida, Norihiro Nishida, Toshihiko Taguchi
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical outcomes in adolescents diagnosed with psychogenic low-back pain and hysterical paralysis and to evaluate the efficacy of differential diagnosis methods. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The incidence of low-back pain in adolescence is similar to that in adults, but the causes of low-back pain are difficult to determine in most cases. For these patients, a definitive diagnosis of psychogenic low-back pain and hysterical paralysis as well as adequate treatment are clinically important to avoid unnecessary surgical treatment...
October 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919590/a-study-of-the-discussions-on-psychiatry-of-korea-in-the-1960s-and-1970s-from-mental-hygiene-to-modern-psychiatry
#8
Ji-Yeon Im
This study is to review the emergence of new psychiatrists, scientific rationalization, and popular internalization to reorganize the formation process of modern psychological medicine system. Unlike eugenic psychiatry from the Japanese Colonial Era, the social conditions and contexts forming autonomous system of psychiatry of Korea in the 1960s and 1970s have been concentrated. The discussion approach has been tried to secure two perspectives-treatment and criticism-at the same time and to expand the time and scope of study through the extensive texts such as newspapers, magazines, books, advertisements, and others in the 1960s and 1970s...
August 2017: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884737/-the-application-of-the-acupuncture-techniques-for-the-combined-treatment-of-neurotic-tics-in-the-children
#9
V V Polunina, B A Polyaev, O A Laisheva, A N Lobov, S V Pavlova
At present, the frequency of neurosis in the children is growing under the influence of the increasingly intensive stressful factors. The neurotic ticks are one of the manifestations of neurosis in the children characterized by involuntary movements; they are often accompanied by hyperactivity, deficit of attention, fatigue, and headaches. AIM: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of acupuncture used for the treatment of neurotic tics in the children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was carried out at the basis of the department of children's rehabilitation of the Moscow city polyclinic #39...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867935/the-history-of-generalized-anxiety-disorder-as-a-diagnostic-category
#10
Marc-Antoine Crocq
From the 19th century into the 20th century, the terms used to diagnose generalized anxiety included "pantophobia" and "anxiety neurosis." Such terms designated paroxysmal manifestations (panic attacks) as well as interparoxysmal phenomenology (the apprehensive mental state). Also, generalized anxiety was considered one of numerous symptoms of neurasthenia, a vaguely defined illness. Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) appeared as a diagnostic category in the third edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III) in 1980, when anxiety neurosis was split into GAD and panic disorder...
June 2017: Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866725/dr-karol-de-beaurain-a-psychiatrist-s-profile-part-2
#11
REVIEW
Krzysztof Rutkowski, Edyta Dembińska
The paper sets out to recall the profile of Karol de Beaurain, a psychiatrist, who was one of first Poles to use the psychoanalytic method in treatment. So far, he has been mostly known as the one who was Witkacy's psychoanalyst. Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz and Eugenia Dunin-Borkowska are the first patients who are known by their names and who received psychoanalytic treatment in the history of the Polish medicine. Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz's letters and drawings originating from the psychoanalysis period served as a source of information about Witkacy's psychoanalysis...
June 18, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799480/formulations-in-psychotherapy-admission-interviews-and-the-conversational-construction-of-diagnosis
#12
Juan Eduardo Bonnin
In this article, we contribute to understanding the interactional aspects of making clinical diagnosis in mental health care. We observe that therapists, during the "problem presentation" sequence in clinical encounters, often use a specific form of diagnostic formulations to elicit more diagnostically relevant information. By doing so, they often substitute one type of verb with another, following a diagnostic hypothesis. Specifically, in interviews that arrive at a diagnosis of neurosis, therapists formulate with behavioral verbal processes; in interviews that arrive at a diagnosis of psychosis, they do so with material ones...
September 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776658/the-possessions-at-loudun-tracking-the-discourse-of-dissociation
#13
Craig E Stephenson
Embedded in the history of dissociation is the best known case of possession in European history, the 17(th) century possessions at Loudun, France (1632-1638). The exorcisms and the trial drew crowds from all over Europe, the outcome prefiguring the direction in which the Western science of mind would be carried. The published debate about the possessed and obsessed Ursuline nuns of Loudun spans four centuries. One can track how theorizing about dissociation changed over time, with psychological contributions by Jean Martin Charcot, Georges Gilles de la Tourette, Pierre Janet, Michel Foucault and Michel de Certeau...
September 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776649/maldonado-j-l-solimano-a-l-2016-reflections-on-trauma-symbolization-and-psychic-pain-in-a-case-of-neurosis-and-a-case-of-psychosis-international-journal-of-psychoanalysis-97-5-1299-1320
#14
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758566/the-influence-of-level-of-spinal-cord-injury-on-adipose-tissue-and-its-relationship-to-inflammatory-adipokines-and-cardiometabolic-profiles
#15
Gary J Farkas, Ashraf S Gorgey, David R Dolbow, Arthur S Berg, David R Gater
OBJECTIVE: Level of injury (LOI) and the role of adipose tissue and its proinflammatory adipokines in cardiometabolic dysfunction following spinal cord injury (SCI) remains poorly understood. We aim to examine the influence of LOI on adipose tissue and its relationship to proinflammatory adipokines and cardiometabolic profiles following SCI. DESIGN: Cross sectional and correlational study. SETTING: Clinical hospital and academic setting. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-seven individuals with chronic motor complete SCI (age 43...
July 30, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745673/-doctrine-of-psychopathy-typology-e-kretschmer-s-concept-of-key-experience-and-inherited-defect
#16
N Yu Pyatnitskyi
The author analyzes the first concept of E. Kretschmer which preceded his famous concept of cycloid and schizoid temperaments: specific 'root' or 'key' experience characteristic of the personality type. This concept was built on the clinical data of patients with delusions but E. Kretschmer assumed that the difference in the degree of disease was not essential ('neurosis of reference' and 'sensitive delusion of reference' were more close than 'sensitive delusion of reference' and 'expansive delusion'). For a sensitive psychopath, the key and specific experience is 'shameful defeat', for expansive psychopath - 'the violence over will by the common will'...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678583/lsd-treatment-in-scandinavia-emphasizing-indications-and-short-term-treatment-outcomes-of-151-patients-in-denmark
#17
Jens Knud Larsen
BACKGROUND: New research has suggested the clinical use of lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) and psilocybin in selected patient populations. However, concerns about the clinical use of LSD were advanced in a large Danish follow-up study that assessed 151 LSD-treated psychiatric patients approximately 25 years after their treatment in the 1960s. AIMS: The purpose of the present study was to give a retrospective account of the short-term outcome of LSD treatment in these 151 Danish psychiatric patients...
October 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677828/vortioxetine-for-depression-in-adults
#18
REVIEW
Markus Koesters, Giovanni Ostuzzi, Giuseppe Guaiana, Johanna Breilmann, Corrado Barbui
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder is a common mental disorder affecting a person's mind, behaviour and body. It is expressed as a variety of symptoms and is associated with substantial impairment. Despite a range of pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment options, there is still room for improvement of the pharmacological treatment of depression in terms of efficacy and tolerability. The latest available antidepressant is vortioxetine. It is assumed that vortioxetine's antidepressant action is related to a direct modulation of serotonergic receptor activity and inhibition of the serotonin transporter...
July 5, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591818/yokukansan-for-the-treatment-of-preoperative-anxiety-and-postoperative-delirium-in-colorectal-cancer-patients-a-retrospective-study
#19
Saho Wada, Hironobu Inoguchi, Takatoshi Hirayama, Yutaka J Matsuoka, Yosuke Uchitomi, Hiroki Ochiai, Shunsuke Tsukamoto, Dai Shida, Yukihide Kanemitsu, Ken Shimizu
Background: Yokukansan (YKS), a Japanese traditional herbal medicine for neurosis and insomnia, is speculated to be useful for perioperative psychiatric symptoms in cancer patients, but there exists little empirical evidence. This study provides preliminary data about the efficacy, feasibility, and side effects of YKS for the treatment of preoperative anxiety and postoperative delirium in cancer patients. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of colorectal cancer patients who took YKS for preoperative anxiety, evaluating the following: (1) patient characteristics, (2) feasibility of taking YKS, (3) changes in preoperative anxiety based on the Clinical Global Impression (CGI) scale and Edmonton Symptom Assessment System-revised (ESAS-r-anxiety), (4) incidence of postoperative delirium and (5) YKS-related side effects...
September 1, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591393/the-relationship-between-the-first-world-war-and-neurology-100-years-of-shell-shock
#20
José Luiz Pedroso, Stefanie C Linden, Orlando G Barsottini, Péricles Maranhão, Andrew J Lees
The First World War was a global war, beginning on 28 July 1914, until 11 November 1918. Soon after the beginning of the war, there was an "epidemic" of neurological conversion symptoms. Soldiers on both sides started to present in large numbers with neurological symptoms, such as dizziness, tremor, paraplegia, tinnitus, amnesia, weakness, headache and mutism of psychosomatic origin. This condition was known as shell shock, or "war neurosis". Because medically unexplained symptoms remain a major challenge, and considering the close relationship of symptoms described in shell shock with clinical neurology, we should study their history in order to improve future care...
May 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
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