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Pathogenesis CRBSI

Rupam Gahlot, Chaitanya Nigam, Vikas Kumar, Ghanshyam Yadav, Shampa Anupurba
Central-venous-catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs) are an important cause of hospital-acquired infection associated with morbidity, mortality, and cost. Consequences depend on associated organisms, underlying pre-morbid conditions, timeliness, and appropriateness of the treatment/interventions received. We have summarized risk factors, pathogenesis, etiology, diagnosis, and management of CRBSI in this review.
April 2014: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
Vineet Gupta, Mohamed H Yassin
The incidence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) has almost doubled over past 2 decades. Despite decreasing overall hospital admission rates for ESRD population, the rate of infection-related hospitalizations has steadily increased. Infection remains the second most common cause of mortality in this patient population. Specifically, in the hemodialysis (HD) patients, the vascular access related infections are the most common identifiable source of infection. This concise review provides an update on the bacteremia related to vascular access primarily the catheters (Catheter Related Blood Stream Infection- CRBSI) in HD patients emphasizing on the determinants ranging from the epidemiology to pathogenesis, risk factors, cost implications and prevention...
June 2013: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets
E D Olthof, R J Rentenaar, A J M M Rijs, G J A Wanten
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Some home parenteral nutrition (HPN) patients develop catheter related bloodstream infections (CRBSI) despite using an anti-microbial catheter lock solution taurolidine. The aim of this study was to assess whether long-term use of taurolidine leads to selective growth of microorganisms with increased taurolidine minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs). METHODS: Bloodstream infections among 158 HPN patients with long-term taurolidine catheter locking were analyzed retrospectively...
August 2013: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Vesna Mioljević, Vesna Suljagić, Biljana Jovanović, Jelena Gligorijević, Snezana Jovanović, Natasa Mazić
INTRODUCTION/AIM: Intravascular device placement (IVD) is a part of everyday medical practice, however, its application is associated with a high risk of onset of nosocomial infections (NI) and increased mortality and morbidity. Nosocomial blood infections (NBIs) account for 10% of all the registered NI. NBIs are more frequent in patients with a placed IVD and it present an important risk factor for the onset of NBI, i.e. catheter-associated NBIs (CANBIs). Pathogenesis of CANBIs is complex and conditioned by the presence of different characteristics related to a catheter, patient and a specific causative organism...
November 2007: Vojnosanitetski Pregled. Military-medical and Pharmaceutical Review
Keri Hall, Barry Farr
The pathogenesis, diagnosis, and management of central venous catheter infections differ between short-term and long-term catheters. This review summarizes available data regarding the diagnosis and management of catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs) associated with long-term catheters. A review of various diagnostic modalities is provided, including methods of CRBSI diagnosis for catheters that are retained. Management of CRBSIs for long-term catheters is also addressed, with an emphasis on differentiating infections that require catheter removal from those that may allow catheter salvage...
April 2004: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
Issam I Raad, Hend A Hanna
BACKGROUND: Central venous catheters have become essential devices for the management of critically and chronically ill patients; however, their use is often complicated by catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs), many of which could be prevented. METHODS: This report is based on a literature review of more than 100 published articles in intravascular catheter-related infections. This review focuses on the most recent advances in the methods of diagnosis of CRBSI as they relate to its pathogenesis and on novel preventive techniques and approaches to management...
April 22, 2002: Archives of Internal Medicine
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